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Cervical ectopic

Anusha Sathyanarayanan, Karthik Subramanian Chandrasekaran, Devarajan Karunagaran
microRNAs (miRNAs) play significant roles in diverse biological processes and their deregulation is implicated in carcinogenesis. miR-146a executes tumour suppressive or oncogenic functions depending on the cancer type, but its effect on human cervical (CaCx) and colorectal (CRC) cancers have not been examined thus far. In this study, miR-146a exhibited high expression in CaCx but poor expression in CRC, in comparison to corresponding normal tissues. Nevertheless, ectopic expression of miR-146a inhibited proliferation in both CaCx and CRC cells and curbed their migration and invasion...
October 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xia Wang, Qing Li, Hua Jin, Hua Zou, Wei Xia, Nan Dai, Xiao-Yan Dai, Dong Wang, Cheng-Xiong Xu, Yi Qing
Previous studies have shown that some dysregulated miRNAs are involved in radioresistance of tumor cells. Here, we identified significantly decreased miR-424 expression in radioresistant cervical cancer cells and specimens from cervical cancer patients with radioresistance compared to their radiosensitive parental cells and specimens from radiosensitive patients, respectively. Ectopic expression of miR-424 significantly increased radiation-induced DNA damage, cell apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest in radioresistant cervical cancer cells...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Qing-Zhen Xie, Wang-Ming Xu, Qian-Rong Qi, Zeng-Li Luo, Lan Dong
Genital tract infections with ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and chlamydia trachomatis (CT) are the most frequent sexually-transmitted disease worldwide. UU and CT infections are considered to be the leading cause for infertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about the specific effect of cervical UU and CT infections on the etiology of female infertility, as well as the pregnancy outcomes of the patients undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Jing Song, Yue Li
Acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has recently been proposed as an important contributor of drug resistance in cervical cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. MicroRNAs play a crucial role in regulating EMT. The aim of this study was to explore the potential role of miR-25-3p in regulating EMT in cisplatin-resistant (CR) cervical cancer cells. To this end, we established stable CR cervical cancer cells, HeLa-CR and CaSki-CR, and investigated the function of miR-25-3p in regulating EMT...
October 15, 2016: Cancer Science
Yuexiong Yi, Huirong Li, Qiongying Lv, Kejia Wu, Wenfen Zhang, Juan Zhang, Dingjun Zhu, Qing Liu, Wei Zhang
The human cervical cancer (CC) acts as the most common one of women tumors. However, the pathological changes and molecular alterations of CC are not clear. It has been reported that miR-202 takes part in the development and progression of different tumors. The present study aims to detect the expression of miR-202 in 100 cases of CC tissues and cells, and then we continued to investigate the potential mechanisms of miR-202 in CC cells. In this work, we found that the expression of miR-202 is obviously decreased in both CC cell lines and tissues, and negatively related with the expression of cyclin D1 in SiHa, HeLa and Caski cells...
October 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Shubin Hong, Shuang Yu, Jin Li, Yali Yin, Yujie Liu, Quan Zhang, Hongyu Guan, Yanbing Li, Haipeng Xiao
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in multiple biological processes. MiR-20b has been reported to be dysregulated in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the functional roles are still largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the biological functions and the underlying molecular mechanisms of miR-20b in PTC. METHOD: The expression of miR-20b was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR in 47 pairs of PTC and adjacent normal thyroid tissues...
October 7, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Lei Shi, Guodong Cai, Jiangang Shi, Yongfei Guo, Dechun Chen, Deyu Chen, Haisong Yang
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) involves ectopic calcification of the spinal ligament preferentially at the cervical spine. OPLL is associated with different diseases and occurs by endochondral ossification, which is associated with the activity of different transcription factors. However, the pathogenesis of OPLL remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of osterix (Osx), a transcription factor that functions downstream of Runx2 and is an important regulator of osteogenesis, in the process of OPLL in a dexamethasone (Dex)-induced model of spinal ligament ossification...
September 29, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Hongwu Mao, Man Wang, Biyin Cao, Haibin Zhou, Zubin Zhang, Xinliang Mao
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is an important cytokine that has been reported in carcinogenesis. However, we found that ISG15 and de-ISGylase USP18 were induced by several anti-cancer agents, which was confirmed by both RT-PCR and immunoblotting assays. Further studies demonstrated that ectopic ISG15 and USP18 inhibited proliferation of myeloma, leukemia and cervical cancer cells. More importantly, ISG15 and USP18 induced cancer cell apoptosis. This finding was confirmed in a cervical xenograft model in which cervical cancer growth was suppressed by lentiviral ISG15...
September 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Krista D DiSano, Stephen A Stohlman, Cornelia C Bergmann
Central nervous system (CNS) inflammation associated with viral infection and autoimmune disease results in the accumulation of B cells in various differentiation stages. However, the contribution between peripheral and CNS activation remains unclear. During gliatropic coronavirus induced encephalomyelitis, accumulation of protective antibody secreting cells is preceded by infiltration of B cells with a naïve and early differentiation phenotype (Phares et al., 2014). Investigation of the temporal dynamics of B cell activation in draining cervical lymph nodes (CLN) and the CNS revealed that peak CNS infiltration of early activated, unswitched IgD(+) and IgM(+) B cells coincided with polyclonal activation in CLN...
September 19, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Kunal M Patel, Chase C Parsons
INTRODUCTION: A mediastinal thyroid mass discovered years after a total thyroidectomy represents an unusual and uncommon clinical situation. Few cases have been reported and controversy exists regarding the etiology of this ectopic thyroid tissue as well as the optimal surgical approach for resection. We herein describe a case of a mediastinal thyroid goiter discovered five years after a total thyroidectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 54-year-old Hispanic female was diagnosed with a diffuse cervical goiter secondary to Hashimoto's Thyroiditis and subsequently underwent a total thyroidectomy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hua Xu, Yi Zhang, Jinguang He, Yuan Lin, Tao Wang, Jiasheng Dong
Total scalp avulsion with severe cervical spine injury is a contraindication for emergency replantation of the scalp to its anatomical site. We describe a case involving the ectopic implantation of an avulsed scalp on the forearm. A 41-year-old woman presented with severe total scalp avulsion and tears in the intervertebral discs at the C4/5 and C5/6 levels. The avulsed scalp was ectopically implanted on the left forearm with a tissue expander to provide support. Two-stage replantation of the scalp at its anatomical site was performed 19 and 40 days later...
September 16, 2016: Microsurgery
Margarita V Revzin, Mahan Mathur, Haatal B Dave, Matthew L Macer, Michael Spektor
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common medical problem, with almost 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Historically, PID has been a clinical diagnosis supplemented with the findings from ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the diagnosis of PID can be challenging because the clinical manifestations may mimic those of other pelvic and abdominal processes. Given the nonspecific clinical manifestations, computed tomography (CT) is commonly the first imaging examination performed...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Valeria Fiaschetti, Giulia Claroni, Angela Lia Scarano, Orazio Schillaci, Roberto Floris
Thyroid ectopia can occur when the process of thyroid embryogenesis fails. Here, we present the case of a 30-year-old woman with thyroid ectopia that was discovered during magnetic resonance imaging of cervical spine for referred neck pain. Imaging revealed the presence of an encapsulated mass at the base of her tongue. The patient was not symptomatic for any compression of the airways. Diagnosis of ectopic lingual thyroid was confirmed by (99m)TC scintigraphy. Incidental diagnosis of thyroid ectopia in asymptomatic adult patients is rare, and it should be considered on diagnostic imaging in case of an anterior midline cervical mass...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Aysen Boza, Barıs Boza, Murat Api
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare, but life-threatening type of ectopic pregnancy. An exact and early diagnosis of CSP is very important for prognosis. The aim of the present study was to describe 4 women with CSP and discuss their clinical presentations, diagnoses, and various management options along with the published literature. Four women with a suspicion of CSP or cervical pregnancy were referred to our hospital between August 2013 and January 2014. All the patients were counseled about medical management options...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Henri Marret, Arnaud Fauconnier, Gil Dubernard, Hélène Misme, Laurence Lagarce, Magali Lesavre, Hervé Fernandez, Camille Mimoun, Claire Tourette, Sandra Curinier, Benoit Rabishong, Aubert Agostini
Our objective is to describe off-label use of methotrexate in ectopic pregnancy treatment using evidence based medicine. The patient group includes all women with a pregnancy outside the usual endometrium, or of unknown location. Method used was a Medline search on ectopic pregnancy managed using methotrexate treatment; evidence synthesis was done based on this current literature analysis. Level of evidence (LE) were given according to the centre for evidence base medicine rules. Grade was proposed for guidelines but no recommendation was possible as misoprostol is off label use for all the indications studied...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Juan Carlos Higareda-Almaraz, Juan S Ruiz-Moreno, Jana Klimentova, Daniela Barbieri, Raquel Salvador-Gallego, Regina Ly, Ilse A Valtierra-Gutierrez, Christiane Dinsart, Gabriel A Rabinovich, Jiri Stulik, Frank Rösl, Bladimiro Rincon-Orozco
BACKGROUND: Galectin-7 (Gal-7) is negatively regulated in cervical cancer, and appears to be a link between the apoptotic response triggered by cancer and the anti-tumoral activity of the immune system. Our understanding of how cervical cancer cells and their molecular networks adapt in response to the expression of Gal-7 remains limited. METHODS: Meta-analysis of Gal-7 expression was conducted in three cervical cancer cohort studies and TCGA. In silico prediction and bisulfite sequencing were performed to inquire epigenetic alterations...
2016: BMC Cancer
Xiao-Wen Liu, Ping Yuan, Jun Tian, Ling-Jun Li, Yu Wang, Song-Chun Huang, Lin Liu, Claude Backendorf, Mathieu H M Noteborn, Jun Sun
Worldwide, cervix carcinoma is among the most dangerous cancer types, and novel therapies are under development. Cancer treatments are often hampered because of lack of specificity. The chicken anemia virus-derived apoptin induces apoptosis selectively in tumor cells and leaves normal cells unharmed. Here, we have carried out in-vitro and in-vivo studies on the cytotoxic effect of apoptin in a cervix carcinoma model. Apoptin was fused to the protein transduction domain 4 (PTD4), enabling delivery of the fusion protein across cellular membranes...
November 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Q Zeng, J Chen, Y Li, K D Werle, R-X Zhao, C-S Quan, Y-S Wang, Y-X Zhai, J-W Wang, M Youssef, R Cui, J Liang, N Genovese, L T Chow, Y-L Li, Z-X Xu
Liver kinase B1 (LKB1) is mutationally inactivated in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and in a variety of cancers including human papillomavirus (HPV)-caused cervical cancer. However, the significance of LKB1 mutations in cervical cancer initiation and progress has not been examined. Herein, we demonstrated that, in mouse embryonic fibroblasts, loss of LKB1 and transduction of HPV16 E6/E7 had an additive effect on constraining cell senescence while promoting cell proliferation and increasing glucose consumption, lactate production and ATP generation...
August 22, 2016: Oncogene
Mahmoud Nateghi Rostami, Batool Hossein Rashidi, Fatemeh Aghsaghloo, Razieh Nazari
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen worldwide. Early detection and treatment of C.trachomatis genital infection prevent serious reproductive complications. OBJECTIVE: Performances of enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and major outer membrane protein (MOMP)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of genital C.trachomatis infection in women were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 518 women volunteers were included (33...
June 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Min Yu, Yuan Meng, Bin Xu, Lin Zhao, Qingfu Zhang
Micronodular thymoma (MNT) with lymphoid stroma is a rare thymic epithelial neoplasm with the characteristics of multiple nodules separated by abundant lymphoid stroma. MNTs mainly arise in the anterior mediastinum and thymus, while ectopic MNTs are extremely rarely seen. Here, we report an ectopic MNT that occurred in the neck of a 62-year-old woman. There were also scattered eosinophilic granulocytes and S100(+)/CD1a(+) Langerhans cells within the tumor. This case provides a better understanding of such rare, poorly understood cases...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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