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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922030/histamine-2-receptor-antagonist-cannot-prevent-recurrent-peptic-ulcers-in-patients-with-atherosclerotic-diseases-who-receive-platelet-adp-receptor-antagonist-monotherapy-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-and-double-dummy-trial
#1
Ping-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Feng-Woei Tsay, Jin-Shiung Cheng, Chun-Peng Liu, Kwok-Hung Lai, Wen-Chi Chen, Huay-Min Wang, Tzung-Jiun Tsai, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Sung-Shuo Kao
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitor can effectively prevent recurrent peptic ulcers among atherosclerotic patients receiving clopidogrel monotherapy. However, the interaction between proton pump inhibitors and clopidogrel has raised concerns over the safety of combined use of the two medicines in clinical practice. The aims of this randomized-controlled, double-blind and double-dummy trial were to investigate the efficacy of histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) in the prevention of recurrent peptic ulcer in patients undergoing thienopyridine monotherapy...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906465/repeated-famotidine-administration-results-in-a-diminished-effect-on-intragastric-ph-in-dogs
#2
M K Tolbert, A Graham, A Odunayo, J Price, J M Steiner, K Newkirk, S Hecht
BACKGROUND: Famotidine is an acid suppressant commonly administered to dogs. Prolonged famotidine use in people results in decreased efficacy, but the effect in dogs is unknown. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of repeated oral administration of famotidine or placebo on intragastric pH and serum gastrin in dogs. We hypothesized that famotidine would have a diminished effect on intragastric pH on day 13 compared to day 1. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult colony Beagles...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888865/advances-in-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#3
Ángel Lanas
The main innovations of the latest meeting of the Gastroenterological Association (2016) concerning upper gastrointestinal bleeding from the clinician's perspective can be summarised as follows: a) The Glasgow-Blatchford scale has the best accuracy in predicting the need for surgical intervention and hospital mortality; b) Prognostic scales for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding are also useful for lower gastrointestinal bleeding; c) Preliminary data suggest that treatment with hemospray does not seem to be superior to current standard treatment in controlling active peptic ulcer bleeding; d) Either famotidine or a proton pump inhibitor may be effective in preventing haemorrhagic recurrence in patients taking aspirin, but this finding needs to be confirmed in further studies; e) There was confirmation of the need to re-introduce antiplatelet therapy as early as possible in patients with antiplatelet-associated gastrointestinal bleeding in order to prevent cardiovascular mortality; f) Routine clinical practice suggests that gastrointestinal or cardiovascular complications with celecoxib or traditional NSAIDs are very low; g) Dabigatran is associated with an increased incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding compared with apixaban or warfarin...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822777/critical-role-of-endogenous-histamine-in-promoting-end-organ-tissue-injury-in-sepsis
#4
Mizuki Hattori, Mitsuaki Yamazaki, Wakana Ohashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Kohshi Hattori, Kenichiro Todoroki, Toshio Fujimori, Hiroshi Ohtsu, Naoyuki Matsuda, Yuichi Hattori
BACKGROUND: Histamine assumes an important role as a major mediator in various pathologic disorders associated with inflammation and immune reactions. However, the involvement of histamine in the pathological conditions and symptoms of sepsis remains entirely unknown. In this study, we establish that histamine is identified as a contributory mediator to promoting the development of organ injury in sepsis. METHODS: Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) gene knockout (HDC(-/-)) mice, histamine H1-/H2-receptor gene-double knockout (H1R(-/-)/H2R(-/-)) mice, and their littermate wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) or sham operation...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817104/prevention-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-g-csf-induced-bone-pain-using-double-histamine-blockade
#5
Elizabeth Gavioli, Misty Abrams
PURPOSE: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an oncological emergency that may reduce patient survival due to chemotherapy dose delays or reductions. It is recommended that patients at risk for FN receive prophylaxis with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). Bone pain is a common side effect through a mechanism not fully understood. It is thought to be due to histamine release from an inflammatory response. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort from January to November 2015...
November 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813628/quercetin-attenuates-indomethacin-induced-acute-gastric-ulcer-in-rats
#6
Abdullah Glil Rada Alkushi, Naser Ahmed Mahmoud Elsawy
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer diseases are common and are induced by many factors, including stress, smoking, and ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Quercetin is considered to be an anti-oxidant with healing effects on many experimental toxic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study aimed to explore the possible effect of quercetin on acute gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin in rats. Three groups received indomethacin (30mg/kg body weight) orally by orogastric gavage on two consecutive days...
November 4, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773524/the-slow-relaxation-dynamics-in-the-amorphous-pharmaceutical-drugs-cimetidine-nizatidine-and-famotidine
#7
M Teresa Viciosa, Joaquim J Moura Ramos, Hermínio P Diogo
The slow molecular mobility in the amorphous solid state of 3 active pharmaceutical drugs (cimetidine, nizatidine, and famotidine) has been studied using differential scanning calorimetry and the 2 dielectric-related techniques of dielectric relaxation spectroscopy and thermally stimulated depolarization currents. The glass-forming ability, the glass stability, and the tendency for crystallization from the equilibrium melt were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, which also provided the characterization of the main relaxation of the 3 glass formers...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723808/time-to-onset-analysis-of-drug-induced-long-qt-syndrome-based-on-a-spontaneous-reporting-system-for-adverse-drug-events
#8
Sayaka Sasaoka, Toshinobu Matsui, Yuuki Hane, Junko Abe, Natsumi Ueda, Yumi Motooka, Haruna Hatahira, Akiho Fukuda, Misa Naganuma, Shiori Hasegawa, Yasutomi Kinosada, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disorder of the heart's electrical activity that infrequently causes severe ventricular arrhythmias such as a type of ventricular tachycardia called torsade de pointes (TdP) and ventricular fibrillation, which can be fatal. There have been no previous reports on the time-to-onset for LQTS based on data from spontaneous reporting systems. The aim of this study was to assess the time-to-onset of LQTS according to drug treatment. We analyzed the association between 113 drugs in 37 therapeutic categories and LQTS including TdP using data obtained from the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645307/inhibiting-renin-angiotensin-system-in-rate-limiting-step-by-aliskiren-as-a-new-approach-for-preventing-indomethacin-induced-gastric-ulcers
#9
Zekai Halici, Beyzagul Polat, Elif Cadirci, Atilla Topcu, Emre Karakus, Duygu Kose, Abdulmecit Albayrak, Yasin Bayir
PURPOSE: Previously blocking the renin angiotensin system (RAAS) has been effective in the prevention of gastric damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aliskiren, and thus, direct renin blockage, in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model. METHODS: Effects of aliskiren were evaluated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on Albino Wistar rats. Effects of famotidine has been investigated as standard antiulcer agent. Stereological analyses for ulcer area determination, biochemical analyses for oxidative status determination and molecular analyses for tissue cytokine and cyclooxygenase determination were performed on stomach tissues...
October 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641510/similar-efficacy-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-vs-h2-receptor-antagonists-in-reducing-risk-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-or-ulcers-in-high-risk-users-of-low-dose-aspirin
#10
Francis K L Chan, Moe Kyaw, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Kazuhide Higuchi, Kazuma Fujimoto, Pui Kuan Cheong, Vivian Lee, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Yuji Naito, Toshio Watanabe, Jessica Y L Ching, Kelvin Lam, Angeline Lo, Heyson Chan, Rashid Lui, Raymond S Y Tang, Yasuhisa Sakata, Yee Kit Tse, Toshihisa Takeuchi, Osamu Handa, Hiroko Nebiki, Justin C Y Wu, Takashi Abe, Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Siew C Ng, Tetsuo Arakawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is not clear whether H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) reduce the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in aspirin users at high risk. We performed a double-blind randomized trial to compare the effects of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) vs a H2RA antagonist in preventing recurrent upper GI bleeding and ulcers in high-risk aspirin users. METHODS: We studied 270 users of low-dose aspirin (≤325 mg/day) with a history of endoscopically confirmed ulcer bleeding at 8 sites in Hong Kong and Japan...
September 15, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622015/ranitidine-modifies-myeloid-cell-populations-and-inhibits-breast-tumor-development-and-spread-in-mice
#11
Ava Vila-Leahey, Sharon A Oldford, Paola A Marignani, Jun Wang, Ian D Haidl, Jean S Marshall
Histamine receptor 2 (H2) antagonists are widely used clinically for the control of gastrointestinal symptoms, but also impact immune function. They have been reported to reduce tumor growth in established colon and lung cancer models. Histamine has also been reported to modify populations of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). We have examined the impact of the widely used H2 antagonist ranitidine, on both myeloid cell populations and tumor development and spread, in three distinct models of breast cancer that highlight different stages of cancer progression...
July 2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618417/histamine-induced-dilation-of-isolated-porcine-retinal-arterioles-role-of-endothelium-derived-hyperpolarizing-factor
#12
Shinichi Otani, Taiji Nagaoka, Tsuneaki Omae, Ichiro Tanano, Takayuki Kamiya, Shinji Ono, Travis W Hein, Lih Kuo, Akitoshi Yoshida
PURPOSE: Although endothelium-dependent nitric oxide (NO)-mediated dilation of retinal arterioles has been well described, the role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in the retinal arteriolar response remains unclear. In the current study, we examined the contribution of EDHF to the retinal arteriolar dilation to the inflammatory agent histamine and investigated the signaling mechanisms underlying this vasomotor activity. METHODS: Porcine retinal arterioles were isolated, cannulated, and pressurized without flow for functional study by using video microscopic techniques...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608003/molecular-encapsulation-of-histamine-h%C3%A2-receptor-antagonists-by-cucurbit-7-uril-an-experimental-and-computational-study
#13
Hang Yin, Runmiao Wang, Jianbo Wan, Ying Zheng, Defang Ouyang, Ruibing Wang
The histamine H₂-receptor antagonists cimetidine, famotidine and nizatidine are individually encapsulated by macrocyclic cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]), with binding affinities of 6.57 (±0.19) × 10³ M(-1), 1.30 (±0.27) × 10⁴ M(-1) and 1.05 (±0.33) × 10⁵ M(-1), respectively. These 1:1 host-guest inclusion complexes have been experimentally examined by ¹H-NMR, UV-visible spectroscopic titrations (including Job plots), electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), as well as theoretically by molecular dynamics (MD) computation...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560832/histamine-regulates-murine-primary-dendritic-cell-functions
#14
Heiko Schenk, Detlef Neumann, Christina Kloth
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The modulation of antigen uptake and activation of dendritic cells (DCs) by histamine may function as a regulator of inflammation. Therefore, we sought to determine the impact of histamine on antigen uptake by and activation of murine DCs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DCs from spleen and lung were either identified by flow cytometry or were immunomagnetically enriched. Cells were stimulated with histamine, and the regulation of MHC-II and co-stimulatory molecule expression (CD80, CD86, and ICOS-L) and antigen uptake were quantified by flow cytometry...
October 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551501/systematic-selection-of-small-molecules-to-promote-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cells-and-experimental-validation-for-generating-cardiomyocytes
#15
Y KalantarMotamedi, M Peymani, H Baharvand, M H Nasr-Esfahani, A Bender
Small molecules are being increasingly used for inducing the targeted differentiation of stem cells to different cell types. However, until now no systematic method for selecting suitable small molecules for this purpose has been presented. In this work, we propose an integrated and general bioinformatics- and cheminformatics-based approach for selecting small molecules which direct cellular differentiation in the desired way. The approach was successfully experimentally validated for differentiating stem cells into cardiomyocytes...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474069/attenuation-of-gastric-mucosal-damage-by-artesunate-in-rat-modulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-signaling
#16
Sneh Verma, Vijay L Kumar
A number of factors like alcohol consumption, stress, use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acidity are well known to increase the risk of development of gastric ulcers. The present study was carried out to investigate the protective effect of artesunate against gastric injury induced in rats by oral administration of ethanol and by pylorus ligation in independent sets of experiments. The groups included in each set (n = 6 per group) were normal control, experimental control and drug treated groups: artesunate 50 and 150 mg/kg (ART 50 and ART 150) and famotidine 20 mg/kg (FAM 20)...
September 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443665/comparative-effectiveness-of-histamine-2-receptor-antagonists-as-short-term-therapy-for-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Feng Zhao, Sheng Wang, Lin Liu, Yijuan Wang
To evaluate the efficacy of members of the H2RA family for the treatment of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). We performed a thorough electronic search on PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) for eligible randomized clinical trials that investigated H2RAs and the treatment of GERD up to July 28, 2015. A comprehensive network meta-analysis was conducted to compare the effects of each subset of H2RAs. A total of 13 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in our network meta-analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400473/extrusion-process-of-acanthopanax-senticosus-leaves-enhances-the-gastroprotective-effect-of-compound-48-80-on-acute-gastric-mucosal-lesion-in-rats
#18
Hye Kyung Kim, Myung-Gyou Kim, Kang-Hyun Leem
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gastroprotective effects of Acanthopanax senticosus leaves (ASLs) extrusion on acute gastric mucosal lesion in rats induced by compound 48/80 (C48/80). METHODS: Rats were divided into six groups: normal; C48/80-induced gastric lesion control; gastric lesion positive control (famotidine 4 mg/kg); gastric lesion administered with two levels of extruded ASLs (ASLE, 40 and 200 mg/kg); and gastric lesion treated with ASLs (ASL 200 mg/kg)...
April 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271490/histamine-receptor-2-is-required-to-suppress-innate-immune-responses-to-bacterial-ligands-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Sylwia Smolinska, David Groeger, Noelia Rodriguez Perez, Elisa Schiavi, Ruth Ferstl, Remo Frei, Patrycja Konieczna, Cezmi A Akdis, Marek Jutel, Liam OʼMahony
BACKGROUND: Histamine is a key immunoregulatory mediator in immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions and chronic inflammatory responses, in particular histamine suppresses proinflammatory responses to bacterial ligands, through histamine receptor 2 (H2R). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of histamine and H2R on bacteria-induced inflammatory responses in patients with IBD. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from patients with Crohn's disease, patients with ulcerative colitis, and healthy controls...
July 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174372/a-novel-approach-to-the-treatment-of-orolingual-angioedema-after-tissue-plasminogen-activator%C3%A2-administration
#20
Lesley Pahs, Chris Droege, Hilary Kneale, Arthur Pancioli
Orolingual angioedema is a rare adverse effect of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), with an incidence of 1% to 5%. There are currently no published reports describing resolution of tPA-induced orolingual angioedema with complement inhibitor therapy. A 72-year-old man receiving home angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy presented to the emergency department with newly developed orolingual angioedema after treatment with tPA for acute ischemic stroke. Therapy was initiated with intravenous methylprednisolone 125 mg, famotidine 20 mg, and diphenhydramine 50 mg, without significant improvement...
September 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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