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mitochondrial copy number hepatitis

Jingfei Zhang, Kai Wen Bai, Jintian He, Yu Niu, Yuan Lu, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary curcumin supplementation on the performance, mitochondrial redox system, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) integrity, and antioxidant-related gene expression in the liver of broiler chickens after heat stress treatment. At day 21, a total of 400 Arbor Acres broiler chickens with similar body weight (BW) were divided into 5 groups with 8 replicates per group and then reared either at a normal temperature (22 ± 1 °C) or at a high ambient temperature (34 ± 1 °C for 8 h and 22 ± 1 °C for the remaining time) for 20 d...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Roger Godschalk, Alex Remels, Camiel Hoogendoorn, Jan van Benthem, Mirjam Luijten, Nur Duale, Gunnar Brunborg, Ann-Karin Olsen, Freek G Bouwman, Armelle Munnia, Marco Peluso, Edwin Mariman, Frederik Jan van Schooten
Pre-conceptional paternal exposures may affect offspring's health, which cannot be explained by mutations in germ cells, but by persistent changes in the regulation of gene expression. Therefore, we investigated whether pre-conceptional paternal exposure to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) could alter the offspring's phenotype. Male C57BL/6 mice were exposed to B[a]P by gavage for 6 weeks, 3x per week, and were crossed with unexposed BALB-c females 6 weeks after the final exposure. The offspring was kept under normal feeding conditions and was sacrificed at 3 weeks of age...
November 14, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
W D Rees, S M Hay, H E Hayes, C Birgovan, H J McArdle
Mitochondrial dysfunction and resulting changes in adiposity have been observed in the offspring of animals fed a high fat (HF) diet. As iron is an important component of the mitochondria, we have studied the offspring of female rats fed complete (Con) or iron-deficient (FeD) rations for the duration of gestation to test for similar effects. The FeD offspring were ~12% smaller at weaning and remained so because of a persistent reduction in lean tissue mass. The offspring were fed a complete (stock) diet until 52 weeks of age after which some animals from each litter were fed a HF diet for a further 12 weeks...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Vijesh Vaghjiani, Jason E Cain, William Lee, Vijayaganapathy Vaithilingam, Bernard E Tuch, Justin C St John
Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) copy number is tightly regulated during pluripotency and differentiation. There is increased demand of cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) during differentiation for energy-intensive cell types such as hepatocytes and neurons to meet the cell's functional requirements. During hepatocyte differentiation, mtDNA copy number should be synchronously increased to generate sufficient ATP through oxidative phosphorylation. Unlike bone marrow mesenchymal cells, mtDNA copy number failed to increase by 28 days of differentiation of human amniotic epithelial cells (hAEC) into hepatocyte-like cells (HLC) despite their expression of some end-stage hepatic markers...
October 15, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
Ah Young Lee, Yoonjeong Jang, Seong-Ho Hong, Seung-Hee Chang, Sungjin Park, Sanghwa Kim, Kyung-Sun Kang, Ji-Eun Kim, Myung-Haing Cho
The herb Ephedra sinica (also known as Chinese ephedra or Ma Huang), used in traditional Chinese medicine, contains alkaloids identical to ephedrine and pseudoephedrine as its principal active constituents. Recent studies have reported that ephedrine has various side effects in the cardiovascular and nervous systems. In addition, herbal Ephedra, a plant containing many pharmacologically active alkaloids, principally ephedrine, has been reported to cause acute hepatitis. Many studies reported clinical cases, however, the cellular mechanism of liver toxicity by ephedrine remains unknown...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Chao Geng, Haifeng Xu, Yinliang Zhang, Yong Gao, Meixia Li, Xiaoyan Liu, Mingyue Gao, Xiaojuan Wang, Xiaojun Liu, Fude Fang, Yongsheng Chang
In this study, treatment of C57BL/6J (wild type, WT) mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) with retinoic acid (RA) decreased body weight and subcutaneous and visceral fat content, reversed the apparent hepatosteatosis, and reduced hepatic intracellular triglyceride and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations. Moreover, RA treatment improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in WT mice fed a HFD. However, these RA-induced effects in WT mice fed a HFD were alleviated in liver specific Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) deficient (LKO) mice fed a HFD...
November 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
Yinliang Zhang, Chao Geng, Xiaoyan Liu, Meixia Li, Mingyue Gao, Xiaojun Liu, Fude Fang, Yongsheng Chang
OBJECTIVE: Celastrol was recently identified as a potential novel treatment for obesity. However, the effect of Celastrol on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains elusive. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of Celastrol in NAFLD. METHODS: Functional studies were performed using wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice and liver specific Sirt1 -deficient (LKO) mice. The molecular mechanism was explored in primary mouse liver and primary hepatocytes. RESULTS: When WT mice receiving a high-fat diet (HFD) were treated with Celastrol, reductions in body weight, subcutaneous and visceral fat content, and liver lipid droplet formation were observed, along with reduced hepatic intracellular triglyceride and serum triglyceride, free fatty acid, and ALT concentrations...
January 2017: Molecular Metabolism
Liwen Hu, Xinyue Yao, Yi Shen
Accumulating epidemiological evidence indicates that the quantitative changes in human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number could affect the genetic susceptibility of malignancies in a tumor-specific manner, but the results are still elusive. To provide a more precise estimation on the association between mtDNA copy number and risk of diverse malignancies, a meta-analysis was conducted by calculating the pooled odds ratios (OR) and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). A total of 36 case-control studies involving 11,847 cases and 15,438 controls were finally included in the meta-analysis...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Runsheng Li, Yimin Jia, Shifeng Pan, Xian Li, Haogang Song, Ruqian Zhao
Obesity is associated with hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction. The relationship between glucocorticoids (GCs) and obesity has also been demonstrated in several researches. Recent research showed that GCs can affect the mitochondrial function. However, the role of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in obesity-induced mitochondrial dysfunction remains unclear. C57BL/6 male mice fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 7 weeks were used as a model. The mice were shown to be overweight, together with lower serum and hepatic corticosterone levels...
February 2016: DNA and Cell Biology
Doaa I Hashad, Amany S Elyamany, Perihan E Salem
AIM: To assess the use of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content as a noninvasive molecular biomarker in hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCV-HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 135 participants were enrolled in the study. Equal numbers of subjects were enrolled in each of three clinically defined groups: those with HCV-related cirrhosis (HCV-cirrhosis), those with HCV-HCC, and a control group of age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers with no evidence of liver disease...
November 2015: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Hung-Wen Liu, Yin-Ching Chan, Ming-Fu Wang, Chu-Chun Wei, Sue-Joan Chang
Aging is accompanied by pathophysiological changes including insulin resistance and fatty liver. Dietary supplementation with (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) improves insulin sensitivity and attenuates fatty liver disease. We hypothesized that EGCG could effectively modulate aging-associated changes in glucose and lipid metabolism in senescence-accelerated mice (SAM) prone 8 (SAMP8). Higher levels of glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid, inhibited Akt activity, and decreased glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) expression were observed in SAMP8 mice compared to the normal aging group, SAM resistant 1 mice...
September 30, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
A-Mei Zhang, Ke Ma, Yuzhu Song, Yue Feng, Haiping Duan, Ping Zhao, Binghui Wang, Gang Xu, Zheng Li, Xueshan Xia
Hepatitis C was the most popular chronic infectious liver disease worldwide. It was identified that Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection could lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, though the mechanism was not fully understood. To investigate whether mtDNA copy number could be affected by HCV infection and be associated with clinical features of HCV patients, mtDNA copy numbers were analyzed in 242 patients with HCV infection and 226 matched control samples. The results suggested that mtDNA copy numbers significantly decreased in HCV patients (68...
July 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Peiyong Jiang, Carol W M Chan, K C Allen Chan, Suk Hang Cheng, John Wong, Vincent Wai-Sun Wong, Grace L H Wong, Stephen L Chan, Tony S K Mok, Henry L Y Chan, Paul B S Lai, Rossa W K Chiu, Y M Dennis Lo
The analysis of tumor-derived circulating cell-free DNA opens up new possibilities for performing liquid biopsies for the assessment of solid tumors. Although its clinical potential has been increasingly recognized, many aspects of the biological characteristics of tumor-derived cell-free DNA remain unclear. With respect to the size profile of such plasma DNA molecules, a number of studies reported the finding of increased integrity of tumor-derived plasma DNA, whereas others found evidence to suggest that plasma DNA molecules released by tumors might be shorter...
March 17, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
J Wang, H J Zhang, K G Samuel, C Long, S G Wu, H Y Yue, L L Sun, G H Qi
The potential benefits of supplementing pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium (PQQ·Na2) in the diet of broiler chicks were explored. We first examined the effect of different levels of dietary PQQ·Na2 on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and plasma biochemical parameters (trial 1). A total of 490 1-day-old male Arbor Acres (AA) broiler chicks were randomly divided into 5 dietary groups supplemented with 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, or 0.4 mg PQQ·Na2/kg feed. As the 0.2 mg/kg PQQ·Na2 supplement gave the best performance, we then investigated whether this level of PQQ·Na2 influenced the redox status of plasma samples and mitochondrial-related metabolism (trial 2)...
February 2015: Poultry Science
Ting Fu, Sunmi Seok, Sunge Choi, Zhang Huang, Kelly Suino-Powell, H Eric Xu, Byron Kemper, Jongsook Kim Kemper
Brown fat generates heat through uncoupled respiration, protecting against hypothermia and obesity. Adult humans have brown fat, but the amounts and activities are substantially decreased in obesity, by unknown mechanisms. Here we show that elevated microRNA 34a (miR-34a) in obesity inhibits fat browning in part by suppressing the browning activators fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and SIRT1. Lentivirus-mediated downregulation of miR-34a in mice with diet-induced obesity reduced adiposity, improved serum profiles, increased the mitochondrial DNA copy number, and increased oxidative function in adipose tissue in both BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice...
November 15, 2014: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Chun Tang, Hongming Liu, Yongliang Tang, Yong Guo, Xianchun Liang, Liping Guo, Ruxian Pi, Juntao Yang
Genetic susceptibility to alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) exists. We previously demonstrated hepatic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in patients with AC compared with chronic alcoholics without cirrhosis. Mitochondrial transcription factor A (mtTFA) is central to mtDNA expression regulation and repair; however, it is unclear whether there are specific mtTFA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with AC and whether they affect mtDNA repair. In the present study, we screened mtTFA SNPs in patients with AC and analyzed their impact on the copy number of mtDNA in AC...
January 2014: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Anne Davit-Spraul, Marine Beinat, Dominique Debray, Agnes Rötig, Abdelhamid Slama, Emmanuel Jacquemin
Multiple respiratory chain deficiencies represent a common cause of mitochondrial diseases and often result in hepatic failure. There is no gold-standard test for diagnosing mitochondrial disease, and the current diagnosis relies on establishing a consistent pattern of evidence from clinical data, neuroimaging, tissue biopsy, and biochemical investigations. In some patients, the mitochondrial respiratory chain defect (MRCD) diagnosis is confirmed by genetic investigations. In most cases, genetic investigations are not informative and a number of cases remain unexplained...
2014: JIMD Reports
Yimin Jia, Runsheng Li, Rihua Cong, Xiaojing Yang, Qinwei Sun, Nahid Parvizi, Ruqian Zhao
Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) plays an important role in energy homeostasis by controlling electron transfer and ATP generation. Maternal malnutrition during pregnancy affects mitochondrial (mt) DNA-encoded OXPHOS activity in offspring, yet it is unknown whether epigenetic mechanism is involved in the transcriptional regulation of mtDNA-encoded OXPHOS genes. In this study, 14 primiparous purebred Meishan sows were fed either standard- (SP, 12% crude protein) or low-protein (LP; 6% crude protein) diets throughout gestation, and the hepatic expression and transcriptional regulation of mtDNA-encoded OXPHOS genes were analyzed in newborn piglets...
2013: PloS One
Runsheng Li, Huafeng Zou, Yimin Jia, Ruqian Zhao
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria, which are essential for the functionality of eukaryotic cells, are particularly important in metabolically active tissues such as liver. Different breeds of pigs demonstrate distinct metabolic profiles in the liver, yet little is known whether the expression and transcriptional regulation of mitochondrial genes differ between breeds. RESULTS: Here we used male newborn Large White (LW) and Erhualian (EHL) piglets to delineate the difference in hepatic mitochondrial gene regulation between breeds...
2013: BMC Veterinary Research
Norihiro Kubota, Shoichi Kado, Mitsuyoshi Kano, Norie Masuoka, Yuriko Nagata, Toshihide Kobayashi, Kouji Miyazaki, Fumiyasu Ishikawa
The aim of the present study was to establish a progressive steatohepatitis mouse model because few reported animal models of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) show the progression from fatty liver to steatohepatitis. C57BL/6N mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to develop obesity and were either administered carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) eight times (0.05 mL/kg, s.c., once, followed by 0.1 mL/kg, s.c., seven times) or not. Serum parameters and hepatic histopathology were examined. In a separate experiment, CCl4 was administered subcutaneously from 0 to eight times to HFD-fed obese mice to investigate progressive changes...
July 2013: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
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