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IVF Incubator

Shao-Lin Xie, Wan-Ping Bian, Chao Wang, Muhammad Junaid, Ji-Xing Zou, De-Sheng Pei
Contemporary improvements in the type II clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) system offer a convenient way for genome editing in zebrafish. However, the low efficiencies of genome editing and germline transmission require a time-intensive and laborious screening work. Here, we reported a method based on in vitro oocyte storage by injecting oocytes in advance and incubating them in oocyte storage medium to significantly improve the efficiencies of genome editing and germline transmission by in vitro fertilization (IVF) in zebrafish...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Séverine Le Gac, Verena Nordhoff
The optimization of in-vitro culture conditions and the selection of the embryo(s) with the highest developmental competence are essential components in an ART program. Culture conditions are manifold and they underlie not always evidence-based research but also trends entering the IVF laboratory. At the moment, the idea of using sequential media according to the embryo requirements has been given up in favor of the use of single step media in an uninterrupted manner due to practical issues such as time-lapse incubators...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Fatemeh Sadat Hoseini, Nasser Salsabili, Firoozeh Akbari-Asbagh, Reza Aflatoonian, Seyed Hamid Aghaee-Bakhtiari
Objective: To evaluate the effect of cytoplasm transfer from mature oocytes to germinal vesicle(GV)s on promoting the maturation of cytoplasm of GV at the mRNA level. Materials and methods: Sixty six in vitro fertilization (IVF) operations between June 2012 and November 2013 were included in this study. Totally 120 GVs were obtained. Normal GVs were categorized into 3 groups (n = 40) randomly: the first comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes; the second group comprised oocytes that did not receive the cytoplasm of mature oocytes but were incubated for 24 h; and the third group comprised oocytes that received 10-15% the cytoplasm of mature oocytes and were then incubated for 24 h...
June 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
D Castelló, Y Motato, N Basile, J Remohí, M Espejo-Catena, M Meseguer
Can the time-lapse system (TLS) identify the best embryo for transfer? Although there are several studies that support this hypothesis, more research is required to improve the quality of the current evidence and also to assess live birth rate, miscarriage, stillbirth or clinical pregnancy in order to choose between a TLS or conventional incubation. In addition, although some authors report on effectiveness and safety in the use of TLS monitoring of embryo development in vitro, other authors that have not found relevant differences between the two systems for the culture and subsequence embryo selection...
October 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Hiroki Kurosawa, Hiroki Utsunomiya, Naomi Shiga, Aiko Takahashi, Motomasa Ihara, Masumi Ishibashi, Mitsuo Nishimoto, Zen Watanabe, Hiroyuki Abe, Jin Kumagai, Yukihiro Terada, Hideki Igarashi, Toshifumi Takahashi, Atsushi Fukui, Ryota Suganuma, Masahito Tachibana, Nobuo Yaegashi
STUDY QUESTION: Does a new system-the chip-sensing embryo respiration monitoring system (CERMs)-enable evaluation of embryo viability for potential application in a clinical IVF setting? SUMMARY ANSWER: The system enabled the oxygen consumption rate of spheroids, bovine embryos and frozen-thawed human embryos to be measured, and this rate corresponded to the developmental potential of embryos. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: To date, no reliable and clinically suitable objective evaluation methods for embryos are available, which circumvent the differences in inter-observer subjective view...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Bjørn Molt Petersen, Mikkel Boel, Markus Montag, David K Gardner
STUDY QUESTION: Can a generally applicable morphokinetic algorithm suitable for Day 3 transfers of time-lapse monitored embryos originating from different culture conditions and fertilization methods be developed for the purpose of supporting the embryologist's decision on which embryo to transfer back to the patient in assisted reproduction? SUMMARY ANSWER: The algorithm presented here can be used independently of culture conditions and fertilization method and provides predictive power not surpassed by other published algorithms for ranking embryos according to their blastocyst formation potential...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
S Aboulmaouahib, A Madkour, I Kaarouch, B Saadani, O Sefrioui, N Louanjli, H Copin, R Cadi, M Benkhalifa
In in vitro fertilisation (IVF), sperm preparation as critical part and influencing the sperm quality is especially dependent on the chosen technique itself and incubation parameters including temperature and CO2. In this study, we compared firstly density-gradient centrifugation technique (DGC) to the adapted DGC using the sperm pellet of 80% fraction (DGC/80P) in order to improve the sperm yield. Secondly, this study led to evaluate different sperm incubation conditions based on temperature effect (room temperature (RT = 23°C) versus 35°C) and in the other hand, with or without 5% CO2 during 24 hrs...
September 5, 2016: Andrologia
Maria Giulia Minasi, Alessandro Colasante, Teresa Riccio, Alessandra Ruberti, Valentina Casciani, Filomena Scarselli, Francesca Spinella, Francesco Fiorentino, Maria Teresa Varricchio, Ermanno Greco
STUDY QUESTION: Are there correlations among human blastocyst ploidy status, standard morphology evaluation and time-lapse kinetics? SUMMARY ANSWER: Correlations were observed, in that euploid human blastocysts showed a higher percentage with top quality inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE), higher expansion grades and shorter time to start of blastulation, expansion and hatching, compared to aneuploid ones. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Embryo quality has always been considered an important predictor of successful implantation and pregnancy...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
V Sapanidou, I Taitzoglou, I Tsakmakidis, I Kourtzelis, D Fletouris, A Theodoridis, S Lavrentiadou, M Tsantarliotou
Oxidative stress is one of the major factors that contribute to poor semen quality and low rates of in vitro fertilization. Crocetin, a main constituent of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) possesses potent antioxidant activity, by scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or enhancing the activity of intracellular antioxidant enzymes. The aim of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the effect of crocetin on the quality characteristics of bull spermatozoa and fertilization rate. For this reason, frozen/thawed bovine spermatozoa were incubated with crocetin (1, 2...
August 30, 2016: Andrology
Melanie L Walls, Roger Hart, Jeffrey A Keelan, John P Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To study whether the size and texture of oocytes/zygotes differ between in vitro maturation (IVM) and traditional IVF and to determine whether these affect the rate of fertilization and blastocyst development. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Fertility clinic. PATIENT(S): The study involved 83 participants/cycles of IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or IVM treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Participants were allocated to the following groups: patients with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ICSI (PCOS-ICSI and Control-ICSI), and patients with PCOS undergoing IVM (PCOS-IVM)...
August 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Yan-Guang Wu, Emanuela Lazzaroni-Tealdi, Qi Wang, Lin Zhang, David H Barad, Vitaly A Kushnir, Sarah K Darmon, David F Albertini, Norbert Gleicher
BACKGROUND: Previously manual human embryology in many in vitro fertilization (IVF) centers is rapidly being replaced by closed embryo incubation systems with time-lapse imaging. Whether such systems perform comparably to manual embryology in different IVF patient populations has, however, never before been investigated. We, therefore, prospectively compared embryo quality following closed system culture with time-lapse photography (EmbryoScope™) and standard embryology. We performed a two-part prospectively randomized study in IVF (clinical trial # NCT92256309)...
2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
G Nagina, A Asima, U Nemat, A Shamim
This study evaluated the effect of melatonin supplementation of in vitro maturation media on in vitro maturation (IVM) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) rate of buffalo oocytes. Cumulus oocytes complexes (COCs) were aspirated from follicles of 2-8 mm diameter. In experiment I, COCs were matured in IVM medium supplemented with 0 (control), 250, 500, and 1000 μM melatonin for 22-24 hours in CO2 incubator at 38.5°C with 5% CO2 and at 95% relative humidity. The maturation rate did not differ in media supplemented with melatonin at 250 μM, 500 μM, 1000 μM and control (0 μM)...
2016: Open veterinary journal
Belén Aparicio-Ruiz, Natalia Basile, Sonia Pérez Albalá, Fernando Bronet, José Remohí, Marcos Meseguer
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the different categories provided by a commercial diagnostic test with blastocyst formation, quality, implantation potential, and ongoing pregnancy (OPR) for the purpose of validating the automatic annotations and the classification algorithm. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective, multicenter cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated private IVF center. PATIENT(S): A total of 3,002 embryos, including 521 transferred embryos with known implantation, from 626 IVF cycles that were incubated in a conventional incubator and monitored with an automatic time-lapse test...
August 13, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Antonio Capalbo, Valeria Romanelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Laura Girardi, Marta Stoppa, Lisa Dovere, Domenico Dell'Edera, Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Laura Rienzi
For an IVF clinic that wishes to implement preimplantation genetic diagnosis for monogenic diseases (PGD) and for aneuploidy testing (PGD-A), a global improvement is required through all the steps of an IVF treatment and patient care. At present, CCS (Comprehensive Chromosome Screening)-based trophectoderm (TE) biopsy has been demonstrated as a safe, accurate and reproducible approach to conduct PGD-A and possibly also PGD from the same biopsy. Key challenges in PGD/PGD-A implementation cover genetic and reproductive counselling, selection of the most efficient approach for blastocyst biopsy as well as of the best performing molecular technique to conduct CCS and monogenic disease analysis...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Ming-Wen Li, Olivia C Glass, Jasmin Zarrabi, Lisa N Baker, K C Kent Lloyd
Different protocols incorporating methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) have been reported to improve IVF recovery of cryopreserved mouse sperm on a C57BL/6 (J and N) genetic background. However, it is not clear which IVF protocol is most appropriate when using the various methods to cryorecover sperm with different sperm quality and sample volumes. Therefore, in the present study we correlated sperm motility with fertilization rate and compared the efficiency of different IVF methods using various sperm samples so as to establish general guidelines for mouse sperm cryorecovery by IVF...
May 2016: Journal of Fertilization in Vitro
Giovanni Sisti, Tomi T Kanninen, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Steven S Witkin, Steven D Spandorfer
Autophagy maintains intracellular homeostasis during placental development and embryogenesis. We evaluated if differences in the autophagy-inducing capacity of sera from women undergoing an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle predicted subsequent pregnancy outcome. In this retrospective study, sera collected from 94 women at the time of intrauterine embryo implantation were incubated with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors. The PBMCs were lysed and autophagy induction measured by determination of the p62 concentration...
September 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
C G Luchetti, R J Bevacqua, M S Lorenzo, M F Tello, M Willis, C P Buemo, D M Lombardo, D F Salamone
The use of vesicles co-incubated with plasmids showed to improve the efficiency of cytoplasmic injection of transgenes in cattle. Here, this technique was tested as a simplified alternative for transgenes delivery in porcine zygotes. To this aim, cytoplasmic injection of the plasmid alone was compared to the injection with plasmids co-incubated with vesicles both in diploid parthenogenic and IVF zygotes. The plasmid pcx-egfp was injected circular (CP) at 3, 30 and 300 ng/μl and linear (LP) at 30 ng/μl. The experimental groups using parthenogenetic zygotes were as follows: CP naked at 3 ng/μl (N = 105), 30 ng/μl (N = 95) and 300 ng/μl (N = 65); Sham (N = 105); control not injected (N = 223); LP naked at 30 ng/μl (N = 78); LP vesicles (N = 115) and Sham vesicles (N = 59)...
August 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Rebeca López-Úbeda, Francisco A García-Vázquez, JoaquIn Gadea, Carmen Matás
The interaction of oviductal epithelial cells (OECs) with the spermatozoa has beneficial effects on the sperm functions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro fertilizing capacity of incubating spermatozoa previously selected by density gradient in OEC and determinate some sperm characteristics that could explain the results obtained. In this study, we assessed in vitro fertilization (IVF), tyrosine phosphorylation, phosphatidylserine translocation, nuclear DNA fragmentation, and chromatin decondensation...
May 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Yamato Mizobe, Naoto Oya, Reiko Iwakiri, Naomi Yoshida, Yumi Sato, Kazuchika Miyoshi, Makoto Tokunaga, Yuji Ezono
OBJECTIVE: To establish a noninvasive selection system of human embryos with a high implantation potential before transferring. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Independent IVF clinics. PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-four patients, with 791 embryos fertilized, checked, and recorded. INTERVENTION(S): Embryos were divided into nine groups according to the number of cells they contained and the extent of their fragmentation during the first and second divisions...
August 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Abdallah Mansur, Michal Adir, Gil Yerushalmi, Ariel Hourvitz, Hila Gitman, Yuval Yung, Raoul Orvieto, Ronit Machtinger
STUDY QUESTION: Does Bisphenol A (BPA) impair steroid hormone production in human luteinized granulosa cells in vitro? SUMMARY ANSWER: At supra-physiological concentrations, BPA alters progesterone and estradiol synthesis in vitro and significantly reduces the mRNA and protein expression levels of three genes encoding steroidogenesis enzymes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF patients, the effects of BPA exposure on cycle outcome are controversial...
July 2016: Human Reproduction
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