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IVF Blastocyst Transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647787/using-stem-cell-oxygen-physiology-to-optimize-blastocyst-culture-while-minimizing-hypoxic-stress
#1
REVIEW
Alan Bolnick, Awoniyi O Awonuga, Yu Yang, Mohammed Abdulhasan, Yufen Xie, Sichang Zhou, Elizabeth E Puscheck, Daniel A Rappolee
This review is a response to the Fellows Forum on testing 2% oxygen for best culture of human blastocysts (J Ass Reprod Gen 34:303-8, 1; J Ass Reprod Gen 34:309-14, 2) prior to embryo transfer. It is a general analysis in support of the position that an understanding of stem cell physiology and responses to oxygen are necessary for optimization of blastocyst culture in IVF and to enhance reproductive success in fertile women.
June 24, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585131/predictive-value-of-initial-serum-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels-for-pregnancies-after-single-fresh-and-frozen-blastocyst-transfer
#2
Wei-E Zhao, Yu-Jie Li, Jian-Ping Ou, Peng Sun, Wen-Qiu Chen, Xiao-Yan Liang
As one of the earliest markers for predicting pregnancy outcomes, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values have been inconclusive on reliability of the prediction after frozen and fresh embryo transfer (ET). In this retrospective study, patients with positive hCG (day 12 after transfer) were included to examine the hCG levels and their predictive value for pregnancy outcomes following 214 fresh and 1513 vitrified-warmed single-blastocyst transfer cycles. For patients who got clinical pregnancy, the mean initial hCG value was significantly higher after frozen cycles than fresh cycles, and the similar result was demonstrated for patients with live births (LB)...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583140/live-birth-after-fresh-versus-frozen-single-blastocyst-transfer-frefro-blastocyst-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Daimin Wei, Yun Sun, Jiayin Liu, Xiaoyan Liang, Yimin Zhu, Yuhua Shi, Zi-Jiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Multiple pregnancies are one of the major safety concerns of in vitro fertilization (IVF) due to the increased risk of maternal and neonatal complications. Single embryo transfer is the most effective way to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancies. Selection of the embryo and optimization of the implantation environment are crucial to retain the success rate when the number of transferred embryos is diminished. Fresh embryo transfer with supra-physiological levels of hormones has been suggested to have an adverse effect on implantation...
June 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560610/association-between-growth-dynamics-morphological-parameters-the-chromosomal-status-of-the-blastocysts-and-clinical-outcomes-in-ivf-pgs-cycles-with-single-embryo-transfer
#4
Oleksii O Barash, Kristen A Ivani, Susan P Willman, Evan M Rosenbluth, Deborah S Wachs, Mary D Hinckley, Sara Pittenger Reid, Louis N Weckstein
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to examine interconnection between speed of embryo development, the genetic status of the blastocysts, and clinical outcomes in IVF preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) cycles with single embryo transfer (SET). METHODS: The retrospective comparative study has been performed between January 2013 and January 2016. Seven hundred thirty-seven cycles of IVF treatment with PGS, followed by 503 SETs, were included in the study...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555358/complex-chromosomal-rearrangement-a-lesson-learned-from-pgs
#5
Tsvia Frumkin, Sagit Peleg, Veronica Gold, Adi Reches, Shiri Asaf, Foad Azem, Dalit Ben-Yosef, Mira Malcov
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to report a case of non-diagnosed complex chromosomal rearrangement (CCR) identified by preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) followed by preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) which resulted in a pregnancy and delivery of healthy offspring. METHODS: A 29-year-old woman and her spouse, both diagnosed previously with normal karyotypes, approached our IVF-PGD center following eight early spontaneous miscarriages. PGS using chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was performed on biopsied trophectoderm...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552887/selection-of-viable-in-vitro-fertilized-bovine-embryos-using-time-lapse-monitoring-in-microwell-culture-dishes
#6
Satoshi Sugimura, Tomonori Akai, Kei Imai
Conventionally, in vitro-fertilized (IVF) bovine embryos for transfer are morphologically evaluated at day 7-8 of embryo culture. This method is, however, subjective and results in unreliable selection. We previously described a novel selection system for IVF bovine blastocysts for transfer that traces the development of individual embryos with time-lapse monitoring in our specially developed microwell culture dishes (LinKID micro25). The system can noninvasively identify prognostic factors that reflect viability after transfer...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525345/in-vitro-production-of-sudanese-camel-camelus-dromedarius-embryos-from-epididymal-spermatozoa-and-follicular-oocytes-of-slaughtered-animals
#7
A E Abdelkhalek, Sh A Gabr, W A Khalil, Sh M Shamiah, L Pan, G Qin, M H Farouk
Application of assisted reproductive technology in camelidea, such as artificial insemination (AI) and embryo transfer, has been slow in comparison to that for other livestock species. In Egypt, there are few attempts to establish in vitro maturation (IVM) and fertilization (IVF) techniques in dromedary camel. The present study was carried out to produce Sudanese camel embryos using in vitro matured oocytes and epididymal spermatozoa. Dromedary camel ovaries were collected from abattoirs and then, the oocytes were aspirated from all the visible follicles on the ovarian surface (~2-8 mm in a diameter)...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520729/top-quality-blastocyst-formation-rates-in-relation-to-progesterone-levels-on-the-day-of-oocyte-maturation-in-gnrh-antagonist-ivf-icsi-cycles
#8
V S Vanni, E Somigliana, M Reschini, L Pagliardini, E Marotta, S Faulisi, A Paffoni, P Vigano', W Vegetti, M Candiani, E Papaleo
Cycles with progesterone elevation during controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF/ICSI are commonly managed with a "freeze-all" strategy, due to a well-recognized detrimental effect of high progesterone levels on endometrial receptivity. However, also a detrimental effect of elevated progesterone on day-3 embryo quality has recently been found with regards to top quality embryo formation rate. Because blastocyst culture and cryopreservation are largely adopted, we deemed relevant to determine whether this detrimental effect is also seen on blastocyst quality on day 5-6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500451/pregnancy-rates-for-single-embryo-transfer-set-of-day-5-and-day-6-blastocysts-after-cryopreservation-by-vitrification-and-slow-freeze
#9
Leah Kaye, Erica Anspach Will, Alison Bartolucci, John Nulsen, Claudio Benadiva, Lawrence Engmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates in cycles with single embryo transfer (SET) of blastocysts cryopreserved on day 5 or day 6. Our aim was to determine whether day 6 blastocysts perform adequately to recommend SET. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including 468 transfer cycles for 392 women younger than age 38 undergoing SET at a university-affiliated IVF clinic in the USA. A total of 261 day 5 blastocysts and 207 day 6 blastocysts for frozen-thawed SET between 2010 and 2016 were analyzed...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472983/comparative-neonatal-outcomes-in-singleton-births-from-blastocyst-transfers-or-cleavage-stage-embryo-transfers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Xingling Wang, Mingze Du, Yichun Guan, Bijun Wang, Junwei Zhang, Zihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Comparative neonatal outcomes with respect to singleton births from blastocyst transfers or cleavage-state embryo transfers are controversial with respect to which method is superior. Many studies have yielded contradictory results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis for the purpose of comparing neonatal outcomes in single births following IVF/ICSI. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials (CCTR) databases until October 2016...
May 4, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455751/national-trends-and-outcomes-of-autologous-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-among-women-ages-40-years-and-older
#11
Heather Hipp, Sara Crawford, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, David A Grainger, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise Jamieson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe trends in and investigate variables associated with clinical pregnancy and live birth in autologous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles among women ≥40 years. METHODS: We used autologous IVF cycle data from the National ART Surveillance System (NASS) for women ≥40 years at cycle start. We assessed trends in fresh and frozen cycles (n = 371,536) from 1996 to 2013. We reported perinatal outcomes and determined variables associated with clinical pregnancy and live birth in fresh cycles between 2007 and 2013...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443134/characterization-of-x-chromosome-gene-expression-in-bovine-blastocysts-derived-by-in-vitro-fertilization-and-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#12
Byungkuk Min, Jung Sun Park, Kyuheum Jeon, Yong-Kook Kang
To better understand X-chromosome reactivation (XCR) during early development, we analyzed transcriptomic data obtained from bovine male and female blastocysts derived by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or somatic-cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). We found that X-linked genes were upregulated by almost two-fold in female compared with male IVF blastocysts. The upregulation of X-linked genes in female IVFs indicated a transcriptional dimorphism between the sexes, because the mean autosomal gene expression levels were relatively constant, regardless of sex...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442046/morphometric-developmental-pattern-of-bovine-handmade-cloned-concepti-in-late-pregnancy
#13
R P C Gerger, F C Zago, E S Ribeiro, S Gaudencio Neto, L T Martins, L H Aguiar, V H V Rodrigues, F H Furlan, I Ortigari, R D Sainz, C L Ferrell, M A Miglino, C E Ambrósio, J L Rodrigues, R Rossetto, F Forell, L R Bertolini, M Bertolini
Cloning procedures often interfere with conceptus growth and life ex utero, in a set of symptoms known as abnormal offspring syndrome (AOS). The aim of the present study was to compare the developmental pattern of in vivo-derived (IVD), IVF-derived and handmade cloning-derived (NT-HMC) Day 225 bovine concepti using established procedures. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed on Day 30 following blastocyst transfer on Day 7. Conceptus morphometry was assessed by ultrasonography on Day 51, and on Day 225 pregnant cows were killed for morphological examination of concepti...
April 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433373/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-aneuploidy-testing-in-women-older-than-44-years-a-multicenter-experience
#14
Filippo Maria Ubaldi, Danilo Cimadomo, Antonio Capalbo, Alberto Vaiarelli, Laura Buffo, Elisabetta Trabucco, Susanna Ferrero, Elena Albani, Laura Rienzi, Paolo E Levi Setti
OBJECTIVE: To report laboratory and clinical outcomes in preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidies (PGD-A) cycles for women 44 to 47 years old. DESIGN: Multicenter, longitudinal, observational study. SETTING: In vitro fertilization (IVF) centers. PATIENT(S): One hundred and thirty-seven women aged 44.7 ± 0.7 years (range: 44.0-46.7) undergoing 150 PGD-A cycles during April 2013 to January 2016. INTERVENTION(S): Quantitative polymerase chain reaction-based PGD-A on trophectoderm biopsies and cryopreserved euploid single-embryo transfer (SET)...
April 19, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433367/abnormal-implantation-after-fresh-and-frozen-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#15
Erica T Wang, Anupama S Q Kathiresan, Catherine Bresee, Naomi Greene, Carolyn Alexander, Margareta D Pisarska
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fresh embryo transfers are at a higher risk of abnormal implantation compared with frozen embryo transfers while accounting for the embryo stage at transfer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): We used data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies to identify all fresh and frozen autologous IVF cycles from 2004-2013 resulting in a positive pregnancy test...
May 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431828/clinical-use-of-monopronucleated-zygotes-following-blastocyst-culture-and-preimplantation-genetic-screening-including-verification-of-biparental-chromosome-inheritance
#16
Cara K Bradley, Maria Traversa, Natalie Hobson, Alison J Gee, Steven J McArthur
In assisted reproduction, embryos derived from monopronucleated (1PN) zygotes are considered abnormal and unsuitable for clinical use. Outcomes of 1PN-derived embryos designated for preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) were analysed. These embryos, especially from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), were found to have a low developmental potential; 1PN and 2PN day 5 blastocyst development for IVF was 14.8% versus 36.4% (P < 0.0001), and for ICSI, 6.6% versus 34.0% (P < 0.0001), respectively. With the use of comparative genomic hybridization or next-generation sequencing, PGS was successfully carried out for 74 IVF and 32 ICSI 1PN-derived blastocysts, revealing adjusted abnormality rates of 39...
March 27, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428943/pathogenic-variant-in-nlrp7-19q13-42-associated-with-recurrent-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-data-from-early-embryo-development-observed-during-in-vitro-fertilization
#17
E Scott Sills, Alexandra J Obregon-Tito, Harry Gao, Thomas K McWilliams, Anthony T Gordon, Catharine A Adams, Rima Slim
OBJECTIVE: To describe in vitro development of human embryos derived from an individual with a homozygous pathogenic variant in NLRP7 (19q13.42) and recurrent hydatidiform mole (HM), an autosomal recessive condition thought to occur secondary to an oocyte defect. METHODS: A patient with five consecutive HM pregnancies was genomically evaluated via next generation sequencing followed by controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection, embryo culture, and preimplantation genetic screening...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421495/chapter-11-human-embryo-vitrification
#18
Juergen Liebermann
Cryopreservation is one of the keystones in clinical infertility treatment. In particular vitrification has become a well-established and widely used routine procedure that has allowed important expansion of therapeutic strategies when IVF is used to treat infertility. Vitrification of human blastocysts allows us to maximize the potential for conception from any single in vitro fertilization cycle and prevents wastage of embryos. The technology may even be used to eliminate fresh embryo transfers for reasons of convenience, uterine receptivity, fertility preservation, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, or emergency management...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406938/dual-effect-of-fetal-bovine-serum-on-early-development-depends-on-stage-specific-reactive-oxygen-species-demands-in-pigs
#19
Seong-Eun Mun, Bo-Woong Sim, Seung-Bin Yoon, Pil-Soo Jeong, Hae-Jun Yang, Seon-A Choi, Young-Ho Park, Young-Hyun Kim, Philyong Kang, Kang-Jin Jeong, Youngjeon Lee, Yeung Bae Jin, Bong-Seok Song, Ji-Su Kim, Jae-Won Huh, Sang-Rae Lee, Young-Kuk Choo, Sun-Uk Kim, Kyu-Tae Chang
Despite the application of numerous supplements to improve in vitro culture (IVC) conditions of mammalian cells, studies regarding the effect of fetal bovine serum (FBS) on mammalian early embryogenesis, particularly in relation to redox homeostasis, are lacking. Herein, we demonstrated that early development of in vitro-produced (IVP) porcine embryos highly depends on the combination of FBS supplementation timing and embryonic reactive oxygen species (ROS) requirements. Interestingly, FBS significantly reduced intracellular ROS levels in parthenogenetically activated (PA) embryos regardless of the developmental stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402555/deregulation-of-the-endometrial-stromal-cell-secretome-precedes-embryo-implantation-failure
#20
Ruban Rex Peter Durairaj, Asma Aberkane, Lukasz Polanski, Yojiro Maruyama, Miriam Baumgarten, Emma S Lucas, Siobhan Quenby, Jerry K Y Chan, Nick Raine-Fenning, Jan J Brosens, Hilde Van de Velde, Yie Hou Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Is implantation failure following ART associated with a perturbed decidual response in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Dynamic changes in the secretome of decidualizing EnSCs underpin the transition of a hostile to a supportive endometrial microenvironment for embryo implantation; perturbation in this transitional pathway prior to ART is associated with implantation failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Implantation is the rate-limiting step in ART, although the contribution of an aberrant endometrial microenvironment in IVF failure remains ill defined...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
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