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Embryo Culture Media

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164713/importance-of-oil-overlay-for-production-of-porcine-embryos-in-vitro
#1
REVIEW
C A Martinez, E A Martinez, M A Gil
Technologies to edit the zygote genome have revolutionized biomedical research not only for the creation of animal models for the study of human disease but also for the generation of functional human cells and tissues through interspecies blastocyst complementation technology. The pig is the ideal species for these purposes due to its great similarity in anatomy and physiology to humans. Emerging biotechnologies require the use of oocytes and/or embryos of good quality, which might be obtained using in vitro production (IVP) techniques...
November 21, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152322/choosing-a-culture-medium-for-scnt-and-iscnt-reconstructed-embryos-from-domestic-to-wildlife-species
#2
REVIEW
A Cordova, W A King, G F Mastromonaco
Over the past decades, in vitro culture media have been developed to successfully support IVF embryo growth in a variety of species. Advanced reproductive technologies, such as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), challenge us with a new type of embryo, with special nutritional requirements and altered physiology under in vitro conditions. Numerous studies have successfully reconstructed cloned embryos of domestic animals for biomedical research and livestock production. However, studies evaluating suitable culture conditions for SCNT embryos in wildlife species are scarce (for both intra- and interspecies SCNT)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142449/single-blastocyst-transfer-the-key-to-reduce-multiple-pregnancy-rates-without-compromising-the-live-birth-rate
#3
Uma M Sundhararaj, Monali V Madne, Reeta Biliangady, Sumana Gurunath, Ambika G Swamy, Indu S T Gopal
Background: Historically, to achieve higher pregnancy rates, multiple embryos were transferred after an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, this practice is being reassessed, because it leads to multiple pregnancies that is known to cause adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Aim: To compare the pregnancy outcomes in fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles among women undergoing elective single blastocyst transfer (eSBT) vs. those undergoing double blastocyst transfer (DBT)...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136144/antioxidants-improve-ivf-outcome-and-subsequent-embryo-development-in-the-mouse
#4
T Truong, D K Gardner
STUDY QUESTION: What is the effect of a combination of three antioxidants (Acetyl-L-Carnitine, N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine and α-Lipoic Acid), present in IVF medium during mouse oocyte and sperm collection, on fertilization and subsequent IVF embryo development? SUMMARY ANSWER: A combination of antioxidants resulted in faster developmental times from the 2-cell stage through to expanded blastocyst stage, accompanied by a significant increase in blastocyst cell number and a reduction of intracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099693/comparative-analysis-of-sperm-selection-methods-before-the-intra-cytoplasmic-sperm-injection-procedure
#5
O Lohinova, V Pitko, N Sinilo, Ya Cherkashyna, N Hanzha
In recent years, one of the methods of assisted reproductive technologies has become increasingly widespread, namely the ICSI procedure (ICSI - Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection). This method is based on artificial introduction of the spermatozoon into the cytoplasm of the oocyte. However, the complexity of this method is that the choice of a morphologically and biochemically mature spermatozoon becomes subjective. However, not so long ago, an innovative method for selecting mature, ready-to-fertilize spermatozoa was proposed...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080869/-metabolomic-profiling-in-culture-media-of-day-5-human-embryos
#6
I M Zorina, C M Eldarov, S A Yarigina, N P Makarova, D Yu Trofimov, V Yu Smolnikova, E A Kalinina, M Yu Bobrov
The aim of this study was to determine the changes of metabolomic profiles in embryonic culture media (ECM) for the evaluation of quality and implantation potential of human embryos. ECM (n=163) were collected on day 5 before transfer or cryopreservation. Some embryos were used in preimplantation genetic screening for detection of aneuploidy karyotypes. Samples were subdivided into groups according to embryo morphological classification (by Gardner), genetic analysis and implantation data. ECM were extracted with methanol, precipitates were separated by centrifugation and metabolite production of individual embryo was analysed by LC-MS (the positive ion mode)...
October 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061322/exposure-to-neonicotinoid-insecticides-induces-embryotoxicity-in-mice-and-rabbits
#7
Janka Babeľová, Zuzana Šefčíková, Štefan Čikoš, Alexandra Špirková, Veronika Kovaříková, Juraj Koppel, Alexander V Makarevich, Peter Chrenek, Dušan Fabian
The potential toxicity of neonicotinoids (thiacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin) as well as related commercial products Calypso 480SC (thiacloprid mixture), Mospilan 20SP (acetamiprid mixture) and Agita 10WG (thiamethoxam mixture) on developmental capacities and quality of preimplantation embryos was evaluated. During in vitro tests, isolated 2-cell stage mice embryos were cultured in media with various concentrations of active compounds or commercial products until blastocyst formation. As found using stereomicroscopic examination, all neonicotinoids at highest (100μM) concentration negatively affected embryonic development (P<0...
October 20, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051527/micro-ribonucleic-acids-and-extracellular-vesicles-repertoire-in-the-spent-culture-media-is-altered-in-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#8
Masood Abu-Halima, Sebastian Häusler, Christina Backes, Tobias Fehlmann, Claudia Staib, Sigrun Nestel, Irina Nazarenko, Eckart Meese, Andreas Keller
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are class of small RNA molecules with major impact on gene regulation. We analyzed the potential of miRNAs secreted from pre-implantation embryos into the embryonic culture media as biomarkers to predict successful pregnancy. Using microarray analysis, we profiled the miRNome of the 56 spent culture media (SCM) after embryos transfer and found a total of 621 miRNAs in the SCM. On average, we detected 163 miRNAs in SCM of samples with failed pregnancies, but only 149 SCM miRNAs of embryos leading to pregnancies...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026717/addition-of-interleukin-6-to-mouse-embryo-culture-increases-blastocyst-cell-number-and-influences-the-inner-cell-mass-to-trophectoderm-ratio
#9
Rebecca L Kelley, David K Gardner
OBJECTIVE: In vitro culture of preimplantation embryos is improved by grouping embryos together in a drop of media. Individually cultured embryos are deprived of paracrine factors; with this in mind, we investigated whether the addition of a single embryo-secreted factor, interleukin-6 (IL-6), could improve the development of individually cultured embryos. METHODS: Mouse embryos were cultured individually in 2 µL of G1/G2 media in 5% oxygen and supplemented with a range of doses of recombinant mouse or human IL-6...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023011/effect-of-agno3-and-bap-on-root-as-a-novel-explant-in-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-cv-medjool-somatic-embryogenesis
#10
Marjan Roshanfekrrad, Reza Zarghami, Hassan Hassani, Hedayat Zakizadeh, Ali Salari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Somatic embryogenesis techniques are used for cloning a wide range of varieties of date palms around the world. The aim of the present study was to develop an efficient method with the lowest cost and the greatest potential to obtain in vitro plantlets of date palm cv. Medjool. Also, produce embryogenic callus and somatic embryos without using 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). METHODOLOGY: In this study, produced plantlets through somatic embryogenesis were used in vitro roots as explant cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media containing three level of Silver Nitrate (AgNO3) (0, 3 and 6 mg L-1) plus two level of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) (0 and 2 mg L-1) plus 0...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953094/combined-use-of-in-ovo-electroporation-and-cultured-neurons-for-gene-function-analysis-of-embryogenesis-in-the-chicken-optic-tectum
#11
Ciqing Yang, Xiaoying Li, Qiuling Li, Bichao Zhang, Han Li, Juntang Lin
Chicken embryos are used widely in the fields of developmental biology and neurobiology. The chicken embryo also serves as a model to analyze gene expression and function using in ovo electroporation. Plasmids may be injected into the spinal cord or tectum of the chicken central nervous system by microinjection for electroporation. Here, we developed a novel method that combines in ovo electroporation and neuronal culturing to study gene function in the chicken tectum during embryo development. Our method can be used to study in-vivo and in-vitro exogenous genes' function...
December 6, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940661/dna-methylation-in-embryo-development-epigenetic-impact-of-art-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#12
REVIEW
Sebastian Canovas, Pablo J Ross, Gavin Kelsey, Pilar Coy
DNA methylation can be considered a component of epigenetic memory with a critical role during embryo development, and which undergoes dramatic reprogramming after fertilization. Though it has been a focus of research for many years, the reprogramming mechanism is still not fully understood. Recent results suggest that absence of maintenance at DNA replication is a major factor, and that there is an unexpected role for TET3-mediated oxidation of 5mC to 5hmC in guarding against de novo methylation. Base-resolution and genome-wide profiling methods are enabling more comprehensive assessments of the extent to which ART might impair DNA methylation reprogramming, and which sequence elements are most vulnerable...
September 21, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923420/high-doses-of-lipid-core-nanocapsules-do-not-affect-bovine-embryonic-development-in-vitro
#13
Caroline G Lucas, Mariana H Remião, Franciele A Bruinsmann, Isadora A R Lopes, Morgana A Borges, Ana Laura S Feijó, Andrea Cristina Basso, Adriana R Pohlmann, Silvia S Guterres, Vinicius F Campos, Fabiana K Seixas, Tiago Collares
The improvement of in vitro embryo production by culture media supplementation has been a potential tool to increase blastocyst quality and development. Recently, lipid-core nanocapsules (LNC), which were developed for biomedical applications as a drug-delivery system, have demonstrated beneficial effects on in vitro embryo production studies. LNCs have a core composed of sorbitan monostearate dispersed in capric/caprylic triglyceride. Based on that, we firstly investigated if LNCs supplemented during in vitro oocyte maturation had affinity to the mineral oil placed over the top of the IVM media...
December 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922741/genomic-and-biochemical-characterization-of-sialic-acid-acetylesterase-siae-in-zebrafish
#14
Viola Ravasio, Eufemia Damiati, Daniela Zizioli, Flavia Orizio, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Marta Manzoni, Roberto Bresciani, Giuseppe Borsani, Eugenio Monti
Sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) removes acetyl moieties from the carbon 9 and 4 hydroxyl groups of sialic acid and recently a debate has been opened on its association to autoimmunity. Trying to get new insights on this intriguing enzyme we have studied siae in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In this teleost siae encodes for a polypeptide with a high degree of sequence identity to human and mouse counterparts. Zebrafish Siae behavior upon transient expression in COS7 cells is comparable to human enzyme concerning pH optimum of enzyme activity, subcellular localization and glycosylation...
October 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892785/parental-gamma-irradiation-induces-reprotoxic-effects-accompanied-by-genomic-instability-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos
#15
Selma Hurem, Tânia Gomes, Dag A Brede, Elisabeth Lindbo Hansen, Stephen Mutoloki, Cristian Fernandez, Carmel Mothersill, Brit Salbu, Yetneberk A Kassaye, Ann-Karin Olsen, Deborah Oughton, Peter Aleström, Jan L Lyche
Gamma radiation represents a potential health risk to aquatic and terrestrial biota, due to its ability to ionize atoms and molecules in living tissues. The effects of exposure to (60)Co gamma radiation in zebrafish (Danio rerio) were studied during two sensitive life stages: gametogenesis (F0: 53 and 8.7mGy/h for 27 days, total doses 31 and 5.2Gy) and embryogenesis (9.6mGy/h for 65h; total dose 0.62Gy). Progeny of F0 exposed to 53mGy/h showed 100% mortality occurring at the gastrulation stage corresponding to 8h post fertilization (hpf)...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878090/histone-3-lysine-9-acetylation-is-a-biomarker-of-the-effects-of-culture-on-zygotes
#16
C Rollo, Y Li, X L Jin, C O'Neill
Acetylation of histone proteins is a major determinant of chromatin structure and function. Fertilisation triggers a round of chromatin remodelling that prepares the genome for the first round of transcription from the new embryonic genome. In this study we confirm that fertilisation leads to a marked progressive increase in the level of histone 3 lysine 9 acetylation in both the paternally and maternally derived genomes. The culture of zygotes in simple defined media caused a marked increase in the global level of acetylation and this affected the male pronucleus more than the female...
October 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874873/the-overlaying-oil-type-influences-in-vitro-embryo-production-differences-in-composition-and-compound-transfer-into-incubation-medium-between-oils
#17
Cristina A Martinez, Alicia Nohalez, Inmaculada Parrilla, Miguel Motas, Jordi Roca, Inmaculada Romero, Diego L García-Gonza Lez, Cristina Cuello, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, Emilio A Martinez, Maria A Gil
The oil overlay micro-drop system is widely used for cultures of mammalian gametes and embryos. We evaluated hereby the effects of two unaltered commercial oils- Sigma mineral oil (S-MO) and Nidoil paraffin oil (N-PO)-on in vitro embryo production (IVP) outcomes using a pig model. The results showed that while either oil apparently did not affect oocyte maturation and fertilization rates, S-MO negatively affected embryo cleavage rates, blastocyst formation rates, and, consequently, total blastocyst efficiency of the system...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871411/histodifferentiation-of-oil-palm-somatic-embryo-development-at-low-auxin-concentration
#18
M S Pádua, R S Santos, C R G Labory, V C Stein, E G Mendonça, E Alves, L V Paiva
Large-scale propagation of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis, Jacq.) is difficult due to its single apical meristem. Thus, obtaining plants is mainly through seed germination, and a long growing period is required before oil production is possible. An alternative to large-scale seedling production is indirect somatic embryogenesis. The aim of this study was to analyze the somatic embryogenesis process in oil palm (E. guineensis Jacq.) with amino acids and low concentrations of auxins. The Tenera hybrid was analyzed by cytochemical and ultrastructural methods and was used to regenerate oil palm plants...
September 4, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868121/melatonin-upregulates-erbb1-and-erbb4-two-primary-implantation-receptors-in-pre-implantation-mouse-embryos
#19
Ghazaleh Moshkdanian, Fatemeh Moghani-Ghoroghi, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Seyed Noureddin Nematollahi-Mahani, Atefeh Najafi, sIraj Ragerdi Kashani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluated the effects of melatonin on early embryo competence and the expression rate of the primary implantation receptors (ErbB1 and ErbB4). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-cell mouse embryos were cultured in 3 groups: simple media, melatonin-treated (10(-9) M melatonin) and Luzindole-treated (10(-9) M luzindole). Then, the rate of ErbB1 and ErbB4 gene and protein expression, the level of intracellular ROS, antioxidant capacity, and also the number of cells were evaluated and compared with the fourth group in vivo developed blastocysts (control group)...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864983/epigenetic-influences-during-the-periconception-period-and-assisted-reproduction
#20
Akwasi A Amoako, Tamer M Nafee, Bolarinde Ola
The periconception period starts 6 months before conception and lasts until the tenth week of gestation. In this chapter, we will focus on epigenetic modifications to DNA and gene expression within this period and during assisted reproduction. There are two critical times during the periconception window when significant epigenetic 'reprogramming' occur: one during gametogenesis and another during the pre-implantation embryonic stage. Furthermore, assisted conception treatments, laboratory protocols and culture media can affect the embryo development and birth weights in laboratory animals...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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