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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793176/non-ldl-dyslipidemia-is-prevalent-in-the-young-and-determined-by-lifestyle-factors-and-age-the-lifelines-cohort
#1
Jeroen K de Vries, Jan W Balder, Michelle J Pena, Petra Denig, Andries J Smit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-LDL dyslipidemia (NLD) confers cardiovascular risk, and prevalence rates appear to be high in elderly populations. Small cohorts have identified several lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors associated with NLD. We aimed to assess sex- and age-specific prevalence of NLD in a contemporary population cohort (n = 167 729), and to identify independent determinants of NLD, focusing on lifestyle, anthropometric, and medical factors. METHODS: The prevalence of NLD was assessed per 10-year age intervals in adults without cardiovascular disease not using lipid-modifying drugs from the Dutch LifeLines cohort...
May 21, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#2
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792708/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-diabetes-is-associated-with-decreased-cyp3a4-protein-expression-and-activity-in-human-liver
#3
Rohitash Jamwal, Suzanne M de la Monte, Ken Ogasawara, Sravani Adusumalli, Benjamin B Barlock, Fatemeh Akhlaghi
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of chronic liver disease in Western population. We investigated the effect of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes mellitus on CYP3A4 activity in human liver tissue from brain dead donors (N=74). Histopathologically graded livers were grouped into normal (n=24), nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL, n=26) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH, n=24) categories. The rate of conversion of midazolam to its 1-hydroxy metabolite was used to assess in vitro CYP3A4 activity in human liver microsomes (HLM)...
May 24, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792355/patient-activation-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-comparative-analysis-with-people-living-with-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Claire E Kendall, Esther S Shoemaker, Lois Crowe, Paul MacPherson, Marissa L Becker, Eleni Levreault, Lisa M Boucher, Ron Rosenes, Christine Bibeau, Philip Lundrigan, Clare E Liddy
Standardized self-management supports are an integral part of care delivery for many chronic conditions. We used the validated Patient Activation Measure (PAM®) to assess level of engagement for self-management from a sample of 165 people living with HIV (PLWH) and 163 people with diabetes. We conducted multivariable logistic regression to assess associations between demographics and PAM® scores. PLWH had high levels of activation that were no different from those of people with diabetes (mean score = 67...
May 24, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792167/association-between-glaucoma-severity-and-driving-cessation-in-subjects-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#5
Aya Takahashi, Kenya Yuki, Sachiko Awano-Tanabe, Takeshi Ono, Daisuke Shiba, Kazuo Tsubota
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, which included a baseline cross-sectional study and a 3-year follow-up prospective study, was to investigate the association between glaucomatous visual field damage and driving cessation in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: A total of 211 POAG subjects divided into 3 groups according to POAG severity (mild, moderate, or severe) in the better eye were enrolled along with 148 control subjects; subjects were asked about changes in their driving status...
May 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792143/recent-updates-on-novel-approaches-in-insulin-drug-delivery-a-review-of-challenges-and-pharmaceutical-implications
#6
Manisha Pandey, Hira Choudhury, Cheah Xiao Yi, Chen Wei Mun, Goh Khang Ping, Guee Xin Rou, Bhalqish Jeet Kaur A/P Ambar Jeet Singh, Angel Ng Ann Jhee, Lee Kai Chin, Prashant Kesharwani, Bapi Gorain, Zahid Hussain
Diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disorder of glucose metabolism, is mainly associated with insulin resistance to the body cells, or impaired production of insulin by the pancreatic β-cells. Insulin is mainly required to regulate glucose metabolism in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients; however, many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus also require insulin, especially when their condition cannot be controlled solely by oral hypoglycemic agents. Hence, major researches are ongoing attempting to improve the delivery of insulin in order to make it more convenient to patients who experience side effects from the conventional treatment procedure or non-adherence to insulin regimen due to multiple comorbid conditions...
May 22, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791661/effectiveness-and-safety-of-carbohydrate-counting-in-the-management-of-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Eliege Carolina Vaz, Gustavo José Martiniano Porfírio, Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes, Vania Dos Santos Nunes-Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of carbohydrate counting (CHOC) in the treatment of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized studies that compared CHOC with general dietary advice in adult patients with DM1. The primary outcomes were changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), quality of life, and episodes of severe hypoglycemia. We searched the following electronic databases: Embase, PubMed, Lilacs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791643/conversation-map-an-educational-strategy-in-the-care-of-elderly-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Silvana Linhares de Carvalho, Marília Araripe Ferreira, Juliana Mineu Pereira Medeiros, Anne Caroline Ferreira Queiroga, Tatiana Rebouças Moreira, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of using diabetes conversation maps as an educational strategy for diabetic elderly people. METHOD: Experience report, conducted from July to December 2016 in a specialized outpatient clinic for diabetics, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. A total of 72 users participated, between diabetics and those accompanying them. RESULTS: The participants talked about issues that were not addressed in personal consultations, and could see themselves through the stories of others, thus realizing they were not alone and that others also experienced the same difficulties as them...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791640/factors-associated-to-the-dependence-of-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#9
Adélia Dayane Guimarães Fonseca, Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Elaine Cristina Santos Alves, Lucinéia de Pinho, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo Brito, Mônica Antar Gamba
OBJECTIVE: to identify factors associated to the dependence of older adults with Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Method: analytical and epidemiological study with 99 older adults. The Brazilian Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire and a questionnaire composed by socio-demographic and clinical variables were used. The independent variables were described and compared to the level of dependence obtained by the chi-square test or the Fisher test, the strength of association was estimated by Odds Ratio and multiple regression...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791574/applicability-of-longitudinal-strain-of-left-ventricle-in-unstable-angina
#10
Natasha Soares Simões Dos Santos, Andrea de Andrade Vilela, Rodrigo Bellio de Mattos Barretto, Marcela Paganelli do Vale, Mariana Oliveira Rezende, Murilo Castro Ferreira, Alexandre José Aguiar Andrade, Nelson Henrique Goes Scorsioni, Olívia Ximenes de Queiroga, David Le Bihan
BACKGROUND: Unstable angina (UA) is a common cause of hospital admission; risk stratification helps determine strategies for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the applicability of two-dimensional longitudinal strain (SL2D) for the identification of myocardial ischemia in patients with UA. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study lasting 60 days. The sample consisted of 78 patients, of which fifteen (19.2%) were eligible for longitudinal strain analysis...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791512/cpr-ir-is-an-insulin-resistance-index-that-is-minimally-affected-by-hepatic-insulin-clearance-a-preliminary-research
#11
Tsuyoshi Okura, Risa Nakamura, Yohei Fujioka, Sonoko Kawamoto-Kitao, Yuichi Ito, Kazuhisa Matsumoto, Kyoko Shoji, Keisuke Sumi, Kazuhiko Matsuzawa, Shoichiro Izawa, Etsuko Ueta, Masahiko Kato, Takeshi Imamura, Shin-Ichi Taniguchi, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Increased hepatic insulin clearance (HIC) is important in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to analyze an effective insulin resistance (IR) index that is minimally affected by HIC. METHODS: Our study involved 20 participants with T2DM and 21 healthy participants without diabetes (Non-DM). Participants underwent a meal tolerance test from which plasma glucose, insulin and serum C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) were measured, and HOMA-IR and HIC were calculated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791176/-a-consensual-therapeutic-recommendation-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-by-the-slovak-diabetes-society-2018
#12
Emil Martinka, Vladimír Uličiansky, Marián Mokáň, Ivan Tkáč, Peter Galajda, Silvia Dókušová, Zbynek Schroner
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous medical condition involving multiple pathophysiological mechanisms. Its successful treatment requires an individualized approach and frequently combined therapy with utilizing its effect on multiple levels. Current possibilities enable the employment of such procedures to an incomparably greater extent than before. The effects of different classes of oral antidiabetic drugs on the reduction of glycemia and HbA1c is mutually comparable. However differences are observed in the proportions of patients who met the required criteria, regarding the increase in weight, incidence of hypoglycemia as well as the effect on cardiovascular, renal or oncologic morbidity and mortality, and severity of specific adverse effects, potential risks and contraindications...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791171/-diagnosis-of-mody-brief-overview-for-clinical-practice
#13
Jana Urbanová, Ludmila Brunerová, Jan Brož
Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) comprises inherited forms of diabetes mellitus caused by the mutations in the genes involved in the development, differentiation and function of beta-cells. The majority of patients with MODY remains misdiagnosed and erroneously classified as type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients. Correct MODY diagnosis is, however, essential since it enables individualization of treatment, assessment of the prognosis and identification of diabetes among patient´s relatives. Clinical presentation of MODY is highly variable and it could resemble other types of diabetes, thus identification of MODY patients might be difficult...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791170/effectiveness-and-safety-of-lixisenatide-for-treatment-of-diabetes-in-the-real-world-data-from-the-monitoring-registry-in-a-real-life-cohort-in-the-czech-and-slovak-republic
#14
Martin Haluzík, Alena Adamíková, Milan Běhunčík, Marek Macko, Radka Štěpánová
INTRODUCTION: GLP1 receptor agonist lixisenatide has demonstrated its efficacy in numerous clinical trials, nevertheless its real-life effectiveness data is limited. AIM: To describe effectiveness and safety of lixisenatide in routine clinical practice in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, as recorded by the Registry-Based Observational Study. METHODS: Multinational, multicenter, observational, non-interventional, 6-month prospective product registry of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged > 18 years who were initiating therapy with lixisenatide...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791054/incidence-of-childhood-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-crete
#15
D Mamoulakis, F Vrouvaki, V Louvari, E Galanakis
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology of childhood Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Crete over the last 25 years and to evaluate incidence trends over time. METHODS: The study included all children aged 0-14 years who live in Crete and were diagnosed during the 25-year period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2016. RESULTS: A total of 271 children were diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes during the 25-year period: 148 boys and 123 girls (boy:girl ratio 1...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790775/dental-periodontal-and-salivary-conditions-in-diabetic-children-associated-with-metabolic-control-variables-and-nutritional-plan-adherence
#16
C Y Díaz Rosas, E Cárdenas Vargas, J E Castañeda-Delgado, L A Aguilera-Galaviz, M C Aceves Medina
AIM: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has manifestations other than alterations in endocrine regulation or in metabolic pathways. Several diseases of the oral cavity have been associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 in young people according to their evolution. Scarce information exists regarding the role of diabetes and its association with the oral health status in paediatric diabetic patients. The aims of the study were to assess the quality of saliva, saliva acidogenicity, dental caries experience, fluorosis and periodontal status in diabetic patients and to evaluate their relationship with metabolic control variables and nutritional plan adherence...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790667/differences-in-cancer-survival-among-white-and-black-cancer-patients-by-presence-of-diabetes-mellitus-estimations-based-on-seer-medicare-linked-data-resource
#17
Clara Lam, Kathleen Cronin, Rachel Ballard, Angela Mariotto
Diabetes prevalence and racial health disparities in the diabetic population are increasing in the US. Population-based cancer-specific survival estimates for cancer patients with diabetes have not been assessed. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linkage provided data on cancer-specific deaths and diabetes prevalence among 14 separate cohorts representing 1 068 098 cancer patients ages 66 +  years diagnosed between 2000 and 2011 in 17 SEER areas. Cancer-specific survival estimates were calculated by diabetes status adjusted by age, stage, comorbidities, and cancer treatment, and stratified by cancer site and sex with whites without diabetes as the reference group...
May 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790626/sphingosine-1-phosphate-promotes-the-proliferation-and-attenuates-apoptosis-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-via-s1pr1-s1pr3-pi3k-akt-pathway
#18
Hang Wang, Hao Huang, Shi-Fang Ding
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lysophospholipid that involves in numerous pathophysiological processes. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a crucial role in endothelial repair and tumor angiogenesis. The aim of study was to determine the effects of S1P on proliferation and anti-apoptosis of EPCs and their signaling pathways. In this study, we showed that S1P, SEW2871 (a selective S1P receptor 1 (S1PR1) agonist ), or CYM5541 (a selective S1P receptor 3 (S1PR3) allosteric agonist promotes the proliferation and attenuates apoptosis of bone marrow (BM)-derived EPCs...
May 23, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790596/rivaroxaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-people-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Y-G Li, Daniele Pastori, G Y H Lip
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with various cardiovascular comorbidities, such as hypertension, heart failure and diabetes mellitus, which increases not only the risk of ischaemic stroke but also of myocardial infarction and mortality. Oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention is the cornerstone of management for people with AF, both with vitamin K antagonists, or with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs), which show efficacy, safety and convenience compared with vitamin K antagonists [1]...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790384/is-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-women-predicted-by-oxidative-damage-in-red-blood-cells
#20
Guadalupe León-Reyes, Alberto Martín Guzmán-Grenfell, Rafael Medina-Navarro, Araceli Montoya-Estrada, Mario Adán Moreno-Eutimio, Silvia Fuentes-García, Otilia Perichart Perera, Cinthya Muñoz-Manrique, Salvador Espino Y Sosa, Juan José Hicks G, Yessica Dorin Torres-Ramos
Obesity in pregnant women has been associated with an increased risk of maternal complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a process that is related to oxidative stress (OS). To evaluate the biomarkers of OS in red blood cells (RBCs), we assigned 80 pregnant women to one of three groups: control (n = 28), overweight (n = 26) and obese (n = 26). Then, we measured in plasma, the levels of glucose, triacylglycerol (TAG), insulin, free fatty acids (FFAs), leptin and cytokines (e...
May 23, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
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