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Inguinal syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900396/-persistent-mullerian-duct-syndrome-rare-incidental-finding-during-treatment-of-pediatric-inguinal-hernia
#1
P Sperling, T Meyer
BACKGROUND: Persistent mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder. It is a form of male disorder of sexual differentiation in which mullerian duct structures are present in male phenotypes and 46XY karyotypes. In affected individuals, uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix and vagina are present. METHODS: A 2-month-old boy was admitted to hospital with a right-sided inguinal hernia. The physical examination showed a phenotypically normal boy with a right sided indirect inguinal hernia and impalpable testis...
November 29, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#2
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843864/bilateral-painful-parotid-lumps-and-a-lump-in-the-groin-an-uncommon-presentation-of-common-kikuchi-s-disease
#3
Sumeet Prakash Mirgh, Jinendra Satiya, Jehangir Soli Sorabjee
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is an under-recognized disease most commonly presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and cytopenias in young females. Bilateral parotid enlargement is usually caused by infections (e.g., mumps) and autoimmune conditions (e.g., Sjogren syndrome). Parotid enlargement, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and pyrexia of unknown origin are uncommon presenting features of KFD and should be suspected in the appropriate setting.
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799465/paradoxical-leanness-in-the-imprinting-centre-deletion-mouse-model-for-prader-willi-syndrome
#4
David M Golding, Daniel J Rees, Jennifer R Davies, Dinko Relkovic, Hannah V Furby, Irina A Guschina, Anna L Hopkins, Jeffrey S Davies, James L Resnick, Anthony R Isles, Timothy Wells
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by loss of paternal gene expression from 15q11-q13, is characterised by growth retardation, hyperphagia and obesity. However, as single gene mutation mouse models for this condition display an incomplete spectrum of the PWS phenotype, we have characterised the metabolic impairment in a mouse model for 'full' PWS, in which deletion of the imprinting centre (IC) abolishes paternal gene expression from the entire PWS cluster. We show that PWS-IC(del) mice displayed postnatal growth retardation, with reduced body weight, hyperghrelinaemia and marked abdominal leanness; proportionate retroperitoneal, epididymal/omental and inguinal white adipose tissue (WAT) weights being reduced by 82%, 84% and 67%, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795506/tafro-syndrome-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome
#5
Nozomi Iwanaga, Kohei Harada, Yoshika Tsuji, Chieko Kawahara, Kazuhiro Kurohama, Yasumori Izumi, Shinichiro Yoshida, Keita Fujikawa, Masahiro Ito, Atsushi Kawakami, Kiyoshi Migita
  A 25-year-old woman diagnosed 1 year earlier with Primary Sjogren's syndrome was admitted to a nearby hospital with fever of unknown origin. Examination revealed anasarca, systemic lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and high C-reactive protein level. The patient's symptoms were initially suspected to be caused by severe bacterial infection with Sjogren's syndrome flare. She was given antibiotics and prednisolone (PSL) at 50 mg/day. However, the patient developed anemia and thrombocytopenia and was transferred to our hospital for further care...
2016: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790765/acupuncture-does-not-restore-metabolic-disturbances-in-the-p450-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rat-model
#6
Manuel Maliqueo, Anna Benrick, Rodrigo Rodrigues Marcondes, Julia Johansson, Miao Sun, Elisabet Stener-Victorin
Low-frequency electroacupuncture restores sex steroid synthesis and sympathetic activity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, which may improve its metabolic disturbances likely by modulating sympathetic nerve activity or sex steroid synthesis. We investigated whether low-frequency electroacupuncture regulates the metabolic function to the same extent as treatment with estradiol or β-adrenergic blocking in a rat model of polycystic ovary syndrome induced by a P450 aromatase inhibitor (letrozole). Letrozole (200 μg per day) or placebo pellets were implanted in pre-pubertal Wistar rats...
October 28, 2016: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757175/sonographic-diagnosis-in-a-rare-aetiology-of-neonatal-scrotal-swellings-a-case-report-of-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#7
Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Nishith Kumar, Hemal Grover, Dinesh Kumar Taneja, Amit Katyan
BACKGROUND: Common etiologies of scrotal swelling in neonates include hydrocoele, inguinal hernia and testicular torsion; less common is epididymo-orchitis. Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS), a rare entity, is known to present as progressive renal failure and its leading presentation with scrotal involvement has not been reported. MATERIAL/METHODS: We report a rare case of CNS with primary clinical presentation as scrotal cellulitis and epididymo-orchitis. In this neonate, scrotal and abdominal ultrasound examination was performed and the laboratory data were obtained...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756095/inguinal-hernia-development-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-case-control-study
#8
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Zehra Arslan, Nihal Demirel
Introduction The incidence and risk factors for inguinal hernia (IH) is not a thoroughly evaluated issue of preterms. Prematurity is the single most important risk factor. There exists no study in our country which reported the incidence of IH in preterms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and time of diagnosis of IH in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Patients and Methods This retrospective case-control study was conducted in Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital and included discharged VLBW infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744258/boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-a-case-report
#9
Ahmad S Ashrafi, Michael J Horkoff, Waleed M Mohammad, Shaheer Tadros, Sudhir Sundaresan
INTRODUCTION: Boerhaave's syndrome is defined as the spontaneous perforation of the esophagus. Although it has been reported in association with different gastrointestinal pathologies, there are no previous reports in association with an incarcerated inguinal hernia containing ischemic small bowel. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present an unusual case of a gentleman who presented with severe chest pain after a 24-h period of emesis. He was found to have developed an esophageal perforation presumed secondary to an incarcerated inguinal hernia causing small bowel obstruction...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723380/oculoauriculofrontonasal-dysplasia-syndrome-with-additional-clinical-features
#10
Turan Tunc, Adem Polat, Bilal Altan, Abdul Kerim Yapici, Mehmet Saldir, Sabahattin Sari, Erkan Sari, Yalcin Bayram, Muhitdin Eski
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and frontonasal dysplasia are two well-known examples of dysmorphology syndromes. Oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) is a clinical entity involving the characteristics of both OAVS and FND and is thought to be a result of the abnormal development of structures in the first and the second branchial arches, including the abnormal morphogenesis of maxillary processes. Herein we report a case of OAFNS with cliteral hypertrophy, premaxillary teeth, and inguinal hernia, features not previously reported in the literature...
October 10, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711107/primary-pure-carcinoid-tumour-of-the-testis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Hideki Takada, Shoichiro Iwatsuki, Yasunori Itoh, Shinya Sato, Masa Hayase, Takahiro Yasui
Primary testicular carcinoid tumours (TCT) are very rare, and a large tumour size and the presence of carcinoid syndrome predict a malignant course. Histologically, it is difficult to differentiate between benign and malignant TCTs. We report a case of a primary pure TCT with an unusual presentation in a 23- year-old man, who had an asymptomatic, enlarged scrotum on the right side for 7 years. On gross examination, the tumour was 9.6 cm in diameter. The Ki-67 labelling index was 19.8%. High inguinal orchidectomy was performed, and 30 months after surgery the patient remains asymptomatic...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672549/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-the-common-femoral-vein-a-case-report
#12
Jimei Yu, Chaojun Lu, Xiaohua Pan, Weihua Li
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the common femoral vein is a rare vascular disorder. It becomes more difficult to recognize preoperatively especially when the femoral vein is affected. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient who presented with a one-month history of painless swelling in her right lower extremity. She had no specific past medical history and no history of trauma, and had a full coagulopathy profile that was negative for any hypercoagulable syndrome. On examination, her lower right leg was significantly swollen with a palpable mass in her right inguinal region...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672103/treatment-of-a-giant%C3%A2-inguinal-hernia-using-transabdominal-pre-peritoneal-repair
#13
Masato Momiyama, Fumitoshi Mizutani, Tatsuyoshi Yamamoto, Yoshinori Aoyama, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Hideo Yamamoto
We present the case of a male Japanese patient with a giant inguinal hernia that extended to his knees while standing. A transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) repair was performed under general anesthesia. Complete reduction of the contents of the hernia was achieved within 2 h 50 min. A blood loss of approximately 700 ml was noted. The patient was discharged from the hospital on post-operative Day 12, with no recurrence of the hernia 6 months post-surgery. Factors contributing to the successful outcomes included preparation of several reduction methods before surgery, use of a large size mesh and implementation of pre-operative measures to prevent abdominal compartment syndrome...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665334/eosinophilic-myocarditis-associated-with-eosinophilic-pneumonia-and-eosinophilia-following-antibiotic-and-narcotic-analgesic-treatment
#14
Aziz İnan Çelik, Ali Deniz, Mustafa Tangalay, Muhammet Buğra Karaaslan, Emine Bağır Kılıç
Eosinophilic myocarditis (EM) is a rare form of myocarditis that usually presents with heart failure due to eosinophilic infiltration. EM is often a component of hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). HES is a rare disorder characterized by persistent, marked eosinophilia combined with organ system dysfunction. A 38-year-old man was admitted to emergency services with left inguinal pain and fever, and was hospitalized with diagnosis of nephrolithiasis and urinary tract infection. Intravenous antibiotic therapy of 3 grams meropenem per day and analgesic of 50 mg pethidine per day were administered...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637604/total-extraperitoneal-hernia-repair-residency-teaching-program-and-outcome-evaluation
#15
Fabio Garofalo, Pau Mota-Moya, Andrew Munday, Sébastien Romy
BACKGROUND: Total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair has been shown to offer less pain, shorter postoperative hospital stay and earlier return to work when compared to open surgery. Our institution routinely performs TEP procedures for patients with primary or recurrent inguinal hernias. The aim of this study was to show that supervised senior residents can safely perform TEP repairs in a teaching setting. METHODS: All consecutive patients treated for inguinal hernias by laparoscopic approach from October 2008 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed from a prospective database...
September 15, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555711/multiple-ocular-and-systemic-disorders-in-association-with-bilateral-duane-s-retraction-syndrome
#16
Mohammad Ali Zare, Mohammad Reza Akbari, Mohammad Yaser Kiarudi, Hadi Zare Mehrjardi
Duane's retraction syndrome (DRS) is characterized by limitations in horizontal eye movements, globe retraction, and palpebral fissure narrowing on attempted adduction. This disorder is caused by a disturbance in innervation originating in the brain stem and represents <1% of all cases of strabismus. It is postulated that this syndrome is due to an insult during the early weeks (8-10 weeks) of pregnancy and is 10-20 times more frequently associated with other systemic congenital anomalies. This case report of bilateral DRS included bilateral iris-retinal coloboma and congenital heart disease, sensory hearing loss, and inguinal hernia...
July 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555210/interventional-and-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation-in-a-child-with-meralgia-paresthetica
#17
Andrew D Franklin, G Bennett Cierny, Twila R Luckett
Meralgia paresthetica is a chronic pain syndrome that is extremely rare in the pediatric population. It is manifested by hypesthesia or pain in the distribution of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) and is typically caused by entrapment as the nerve passes deep to the inguinal ligament. This sensory mononeuropathy is rare in children and diagnosis is typically delayed, often leading to prolonged functional impairment and unnecessary medical testing. A 9-year-old girl presented to the pain clinic with a 6-week history of right anterolateral thigh pain first noticed after a nontraumatic cheerleading practice...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543479/simplified-swift-and-safe-vascular-closure-device-deployment-without-a-local-arteriogram-single-center-experience-in-2074-consecutive-patients
#18
Antonis S Manolis, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Dimitris Stalikas, Spyridon Koulouris
OBJECTIVE: Vascular closure devices (VCDs), such as the Angio-Seal, a three-component hemostatic plug, have greatly facilitated the routine clinical practice in the catheterization laboratory. The manufacturer recommends a local angiogram before Angio-Seal deployment. However, from the outset, we employed a simplified routine of deploying this VCD, i.e. without use of local angiography. METHODS: The Angio-Seal was employed without a preceding femoral arteriogram over 8 years in 2074 consecutive patients, 72% presenting with acute coronary syndromes and subjected to coronary angiography (n=1032) or PCI n=1042) via a transfemoral approach with use of heparin and dual antiplatelet therapy...
July 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537557/pancreatic-metastasis-of-angiosarcoma-stewart-treves-syndrome-diagnosed-using-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-a-case-report
#19
Junpei Sasajima, Jiro Uehara, Takuma Goto, Shugo Fujibayashi, Kazuya Koizumi, Yusuke Mizukami, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto, Mikihiro Fujiya, Toshikatsu Okumura
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic involvement of angiosarcoma is extremely rare. METHODS: We herein report a rare case of angiosarcoma associated with chronic lymphedema (Stewart-Treves syndrome) with pancreatic metastasis that was diagnosed using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)/fine needle aspiration (FNA). RESULTS: A 43-year-old woman with a history of radical hysterectomy with bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy and chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer 15 years prior noticed the presence of erythematous indurative plaques on her right femoral region, where chronic lymphedema had developed...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536145/a-case-of-acanthosis-nigricans-as-a-paraneoplastic-syndrome-with-squamous-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Yusuf Karakas, Ece Esin, Sahin Lacin, Koray Ceyhan, Aylin Okcu Heper, Suayib Yalcin
A 55-year-old man presented with oral mucosal ulcers, blackening of both hands, and hyperpigmentation on axillary, anal, and inguinal regions for the last 3 months, which were all progressive. The patient was referred to the oncology department with the diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans for investigation of an underlying malignancy. He was a smoker. A computed tomography scan of thorax revealed enlarged mediastinal lymphadenopathies and a lesion on the left upper lobe. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the mediastinal lesion was consistent with squamous cell carcinoma, and biopsies of the skin and oral mucosal lesion also further confirmed the diagnosis of acanthosis nigricans...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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