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Inguinal syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088968/-para-neoplastic-autoimmune-multi-organ-syndrome-associated-with-follicular-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
D Chen, C Y Lin, X Han, B Chen, Z H Lu, X Y Chang, M H Duan
Objective: To broaden our knowledge of para-neoplastic autoimmune multi-organ syndrome (PAMS). Methods: A patient with PAMS associated with follicular lymphoma and bronchiolitis obliterans treated in our hospital was retrospectively analyzed and the clinical features of PAMS were reviewed. Results: A 49-year-old female patient suffered from painful ulcers in the oral cavity and vagina, dry cough and dyspnea. Imaging examinations suggested multiple lymph node enlargements. Inguinal lymph node biopsy revealed follicular lymphoma...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058004/testicular-cancer-in-down-syndrome-with-spinal-cord-metastases
#2
Turky Almouhissen, Hattan Badr, Bassam AlMatrafi, Noor Alessa, Anmar Nassir
A 22-year-old male patient with Down syndrome was referred to our hospital with a vast left testicular mass. He underwent a left radical inguinal orchiectomy, and a histopathological examination of the mass showed a yolk sac tumor invading the epididymis. The patient was discharged in a satisfactory condition. Sixteen days later, the patient presented again complaining of lower limb weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine showed metastatic lesions compressing the dorsal spine, and he underwent emergency surgical decompression...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050602/exome-sequencing-identifies-de-novo-pathogenic-variants-in-fbn1-and-trps1-in-a-patient-with-a-complex-connective-tissue-phenotype
#3
Diane B Zastrow, Patricia A Zornio, Annika Dries, Jennefer Kohler, Liliana Fernandez, Daryl Waggott, Magdalena Walkiewicz, Christine M Eng, Melanie A Manning, Ellyn Farrelly, Paul G Fisher, Euan A Ashley, Jonathan A Bernstein, Matthew T Wheeler
Here we describe a patient who presented with a history of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, inguinal hernia, and recurrent umbilical hernia. She also has joint laxity, hypotonia, and dysmorphic features. A unifying diagnosis was not identified based on her clinical phenotype. As part of her evaluation through the Undiagnosed Diseases Network, trio whole-exome sequencing was performed. Pathogenic variants in FBN1 and TRPS1 were identified as causing two distinct autosomal dominant conditions, each with de novo inheritance...
January 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039344/complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-with-concomitant-seminoma-and-sertoli-cell-adenoma-an-unusual-combination
#4
Balamurugan Thirunavukkarasu, Asit Ranjan Mridha, Neena Malhotra, Sheragaru Hanumanthappa Chandrashekhara
Androgen insensitivity syndrome is a rare disorder of sex development and its clinical manifestations vary from subtle male infertility to an overt complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) with a female phenotype. CAIS is often diagnosed at puberty or in adolescence during investigation for primary amenorrhoea. Undiagnosed patients have an increased risk of development of malignancy in the harboured testes. Inguinal hernia is the commonest mode of presentation of CAIS in childhood and various screening methods are available during the initial herniorrhaphy procedure...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998513/sexual-orientation-and-medical-history-among-iranian-people-with-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-and-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#5
Behzad S Khorashad, Ghasem M Roshan, Alistair G Reid, Zahra Aghili, Mehran Hiradfar, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Ali Talaei, Azadeh Aarabi, Nosrat Ghaemi, Negin Taghehchian, Hedieh Saberi, Nazanin Farahi, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
OBJECTIVE: To report sexual orientation, relationship status and medical history of Iranian people with Differences of Sex Development (DSD) who were raised female. METHODS: Our participants consisted of nineteen 46,XY individuals with Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) and eighteen 46,XX individuals with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) who were raised as females and older than 13years. As well as their relationship status and detailed medical history, an expert psychiatrist assessed their sexual orientation by a semi-structured psychiatric interview with them and, where applicable, their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998313/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-perineum-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#6
Sidy Ka, Freddy Gnangnon, Mamadou Moustapha Dieng, Doudou Diouf, Jaafar Thiam, Pape Macoumba Gaye, Ahmadou Dem
BACKGROUND: We report the case of an adult patient with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the perineum admitted to our practice at Joliot Curie Institute in Dakar. It is a rare tumor at this age and has a bad prognosis at this localization. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 22-year-old African man admitted for a perineal mass that had evolved over 6 months. He complained of tenesmus, obstinate constipation, and dysuria. A clinical examination revealed perineal swelling spread over his anus, scrotum, penis, testicles, and inguinal lymph nodes...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990249/sex-differences-in-sympathetic-innervation-and-browning-of-white-adipose-tissue-of-mice
#7
Sang-Nam Kim, Young-Suk Jung, Hyun-Jung Kwon, Je Kyung Seong, James G Granneman, Yun-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: The higher prevalence of obesity-related metabolic disease in males suggests that female sex hormones provide protective mechanisms against the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. Because browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) is protective against obesity-related metabolic disease, we examined sex differences in β3-adrenergic remodeling of WAT in mice. METHODS: Effects of the β3-adrenergic receptor agonist CL316,243 (CL) on browning of white adipose tissue were investigated in male and female C57BL mice...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987604/common-femoral-endovenectomy-in-conjunction-with-iliac-vein-stenting-to-improve-venous-inflow-in-severe-post-thrombotic-obstruction
#8
Himanshu Verma, Ramesh K Tripathi
Post-thrombotic syndrome secondary to iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis is a significant contributor to advanced chronic venous insufficiency. Iliac vein stenting is a standard procedure to treat iliocaval obstruction. In cases with obstruction extending across the groin, venous inflow for an iliac vein stent may be poor and compromise results of iliac vein stenting. Treatment options include extension of stents across the inguinal ligament that may have limitations in improving inflow only from only one vessel...
January 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900396/-persistent-mullerian-duct-syndrome-rare-incidental-finding-during-treatment-of-pediatric-inguinal-hernia
#9
P Sperling, T Meyer
BACKGROUND: Persistent mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder. It is a form of male disorder of sexual differentiation in which mullerian duct structures are present in male phenotypes and 46XY karyotypes. In affected individuals, uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix and vagina are present. METHODS: A 2-month-old boy was admitted to hospital with a right-sided inguinal hernia. The physical examination showed a phenotypically normal boy with a right sided indirect inguinal hernia and impalpable testis...
November 29, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#10
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843864/bilateral-painful-parotid-lumps-and-a-lump-in-the-groin-an-uncommon-presentation-of-common-kikuchi-s-disease
#11
Sumeet Prakash Mirgh, Jinendra Satiya, Jehangir Soli Sorabjee
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is an under-recognized disease most commonly presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and cytopenias in young females. Bilateral parotid enlargement is usually caused by infections (e.g., mumps) and autoimmune conditions (e.g., Sjogren syndrome). Parotid enlargement, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and pyrexia of unknown origin are uncommon presenting features of KFD and should be suspected in the appropriate setting.
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799465/paradoxical-leanness-in-the-imprinting-centre-deletion-mouse-model-for-prader-willi-syndrome
#12
David M Golding, Daniel J Rees, Jennifer R Davies, Dinko Relkovic, Hannah V Furby, Irina A Guschina, Anna L Hopkins, Jeffrey S Davies, James L Resnick, Anthony R Isles, Timothy Wells
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by loss of paternal gene expression from 15q11-q13, is characterised by growth retardation, hyperphagia and obesity. However, as single gene mutation mouse models for this condition display an incomplete spectrum of the PWS phenotype, we have characterised the metabolic impairment in a mouse model for 'full' PWS, in which deletion of the imprinting centre (IC) abolishes paternal gene expression from the entire PWS cluster. We show that PWS-IC(del) mice displayed postnatal growth retardation, with reduced body weight, hyperghrelinaemia and marked abdominal leanness; proportionate retroperitoneal, epididymal/omental and inguinal white adipose tissue (WAT) weights being reduced by 82%, 84% and 67%, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795506/tafro-syndrome-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome
#13
Nozomi Iwanaga, Kohei Harada, Yoshika Tsuji, Chieko Kawahara, Kazuhiro Kurohama, Yasumori Izumi, Shinichiro Yoshida, Keita Fujikawa, Masahiro Ito, Atsushi Kawakami, Kiyoshi Migita
  A 25-year-old woman diagnosed 1 year earlier with Primary Sjogren's syndrome was admitted to a nearby hospital with fever of unknown origin. Examination revealed anasarca, systemic lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and high C-reactive protein level. The patient's symptoms were initially suspected to be caused by severe bacterial infection with Sjogren's syndrome flare. She was given antibiotics and prednisolone (PSL) at 50 mg/day. However, the patient developed anemia and thrombocytopenia and was transferred to our hospital for further care...
2016: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790765/acupuncture-does-not-ameliorate-metabolic-disturbances-in-the-p450-aromatase-inhibitor-induced-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#14
Manuel Maliqueo, Anna Benrick, Rodrigo Rodrigues Marcondes, Julia Johansson, Miao Sun, Elisabet Stener-Victorin
What is the central question of this study? The effectiveness of low-frequency electroacupuncture in the treatment of metabolic disorders associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), an endocrine-metabolic disorder characterized by an imbalance in sex steroid production, is controversial. What is the main finding and its importance? In a rat model of PCOS induced by the inhibition of P450 aromatase, low-frequency electroacupuncture increased low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol but did not improve the insulin resistance or the adipose tissue dysfunction, suggesting that a balance of sex steroids is needed to restore the metabolic function in this rat model of PCOS...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757175/sonographic-diagnosis-in-a-rare-aetiology-of-neonatal-scrotal-swellings-a-case-report-of-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Shabnam Bhandari Grover, Nishith Kumar, Hemal Grover, Dinesh Kumar Taneja, Amit Katyan
BACKGROUND: Common etiologies of scrotal swelling in neonates include hydrocoele, inguinal hernia and testicular torsion; less common is epididymo-orchitis. Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS), a rare entity, is known to present as progressive renal failure and its leading presentation with scrotal involvement has not been reported. MATERIAL/METHODS: We report a rare case of CNS with primary clinical presentation as scrotal cellulitis and epididymo-orchitis. In this neonate, scrotal and abdominal ultrasound examination was performed and the laboratory data were obtained...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756095/inguinal-hernia-development-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-case-control-study
#16
Sezin Unal, Dilek Ulubas Isik, Ahmet Yagmur Bas, Zehra Arslan, Nihal Demirel
Introduction The incidence and risk factors for inguinal hernia (IH) is not a thoroughly evaluated issue of preterms. Prematurity is the single most important risk factor. There exists no study in our country which reported the incidence of IH in preterms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and time of diagnosis of IH in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Patients and Methods This retrospective case-control study was conducted in Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Women's Health Training and Research Hospital and included discharged VLBW infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744258/boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-a-case-report
#17
Ahmad S Ashrafi, Michael J Horkoff, Waleed M Mohammad, Shaheer Tadros, Sudhir Sundaresan
INTRODUCTION: Boerhaave's syndrome is defined as the spontaneous perforation of the esophagus. Although it has been reported in association with different gastrointestinal pathologies, there are no previous reports in association with an incarcerated inguinal hernia containing ischemic small bowel. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present an unusual case of a gentleman who presented with severe chest pain after a 24-h period of emesis. He was found to have developed an esophageal perforation presumed secondary to an incarcerated inguinal hernia causing small bowel obstruction...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723380/oculoauriculofrontonasal-dysplasia-syndrome-with-additional-clinical-features
#18
Turan Tunc, Adem Polat, Bilal Altan, Abdul Kerim Yapici, Mehmet Saldir, Sabahattin Sari, Erkan Sari, Yalcin Bayram, Muhitdin Eski
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum and frontonasal dysplasia are two well-known examples of dysmorphology syndromes. Oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) is a clinical entity involving the characteristics of both OAVS and FND and is thought to be a result of the abnormal development of structures in the first and the second branchial arches, including the abnormal morphogenesis of maxillary processes. Herein we report a case of OAFNS with cliteral hypertrophy, premaxillary teeth, and inguinal hernia, features not previously reported in the literature...
October 10, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711107/primary-pure-carcinoid-tumour-of-the-testis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Hideki Takada, Shoichiro Iwatsuki, Yasunori Itoh, Shinya Sato, Masa Hayase, Takahiro Yasui
Primary testicular carcinoid tumours (TCT) are very rare, and a large tumour size and the presence of carcinoid syndrome predict a malignant course. Histologically, it is difficult to differentiate between benign and malignant TCTs. We report a case of a primary pure TCT with an unusual presentation in a 23- year-old man, who had an asymptomatic, enlarged scrotum on the right side for 7 years. On gross examination, the tumour was 9.6 cm in diameter. The Ki-67 labelling index was 19.8%. High inguinal orchidectomy was performed, and 30 months after surgery the patient remains asymptomatic...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672549/cystic-adventitial-disease-of-the-common-femoral-vein-a-case-report
#20
Jimei Yu, Chaojun Lu, Xiaohua Pan, Weihua Li
Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) of the common femoral vein is a rare vascular disorder. It becomes more difficult to recognize preoperatively especially when the femoral vein is affected. We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient who presented with a one-month history of painless swelling in her right lower extremity. She had no specific past medical history and no history of trauma, and had a full coagulopathy profile that was negative for any hypercoagulable syndrome. On examination, her lower right leg was significantly swollen with a palpable mass in her right inguinal region...
August 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
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