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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692503/acquired-adult-onset-cyclic-esotropia-in-patients-with-myopic-strabismus-fixus-and-intraocular-lens-implantation
#1
Jianhua Yan, Yun Wen
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Cyclic esotropia is a rare condition that mostly occurs in children, characterized by patterns of straight and strabismic days with a regular cycle of 24 to 96 hours. In this report, 2 patients of cyclic esotropia in adults who showed a regular 48-hour cycle of mild deviation on 1 day followed by a more severe deviation on the second day are presented. METHODS: Clinical reports, clinical features, imaging findings, and surgical outcomes are presented...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678305/clinical-features-and-surgical-outcome-of-triad-exotropia
#2
Suk-Gyu Ha, Young-Woo Suh, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and surgical outcome of A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction. METHODS: The medical records of patients with A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction who underwent horizontal muscle surgery alone or in combination with superior oblique muscle weakening surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups according to their surgery: the horizontal muscle surgery alone group and the horizontal muscle surgery with bilateral superior oblique weakening surgery (combined surgery) group...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661930/simultaneous-versus-sequential-ptosis-and-strabismus-surgery-in-children
#3
Karen E Revere, Gil Binenbaum, Jonathan Li, Monte D Mills, William R Katowitz, James A Katowitz
PURPOSE: The authors sought to compare the clinical outcomes of simultaneous versus sequential ptosis and strabismus surgery in children. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center cohort study of children requiring both ptosis and strabismus surgery on the same eye. Simultaneous surgeries were performed during a single anesthetic event; sequential surgeries were performed at least 7 weeks apart. Outcomes were ptosis surgery success (margin reflex distance 1 ≥ 2 mm, good eyelid contour, and good eyelid crease); strabismus surgery success (ocular alignment within 10 prism diopters of orthophoria and/or improved head position); surgical complications; and reoperations...
June 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642003/strabismus-and-binocular-diplopia-due-to-advanced-glaucomatous-visual-field-loss
#4
Cheryl L Khanna, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To describe a small series of patients with glaucoma whose strabismus and binocular diplopia were due to advanced visual field loss and inability to maintain sensory and motor fusion. METHODS: This study is an observational case series of 3 patients with binocular diplopia, associated with variable strabismus, which was due to advanced visual field loss. RESULTS: Specific characteristics of the strabismus associated with advanced glaucomatous visual field loss were a subjective floating second image and marked variability of the prism and alternate cover measurements...
June 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546936/clinical-characteristics-of-sibling-patients-with-comitant-strabismus
#5
Haeng Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics of sibling patients with comitant strabismus. METHODS: Sibling patients who were diagnosed with comitant strabismus from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Factors including age, sex, types of strabismus, refractive errors, angle of deviation, and coexistence of other strabismus were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients (31 pairs of siblings) were included. Of these, 26 pairs had intermittent exotropia, 3 had accommodative esotropia, and 2 had infantile esotropia...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540011/effectiveness-of-vision-therapy-in-school-children-with-symptomatic-convergence-insufficiency
#6
Jung Un Jang, Jung Yun Jang, Kim Tai-Hyung, Hwang Woon Moon
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of vision therapy among Korean elementary school children with convergence insufficiency. METHODS: A total of 235 elementary schoolchildren, 10.13 ± 2.45 years of age, were subjected to thorough eye examination including binocular vision testing. Of them, 32 individuals with symptomatic convergence insufficiency without strabismus, amblyopia, and ocular disease were chosen to receive vision therapy via brock string, barrel card, mirror stereoscope, prism goggles, and aperture rule for a duration of 8 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510776/patient-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-impacting-simultaneous-to-alternate-prism-cover-test-disparity-after-exotropia-surgery-a-quantitative-look-at-the-difference-in-motor-outcomes
#7
Pavlina S Kemp, Yoon-Hee Chang, Patrice Melvin, Linda R Dagi
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) outcomes after exotropia surgery, and to identify characteristics associated with significant disparity between them. METHODS: Review of sensorimotor outcomes 2 to 6 months after exotropia surgery identified patients with alignment documented by both SPCT and APCT at the same examination. Two hundred seventy-four and 319 patients had both measurements recorded at distance and near, respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510770/inferior-oblique-overaction-anterior-transposition-versus-myectomy
#8
Zhale Rajavi, Mohadeseh Feizi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Shima Sayanjali, Tahmine Motevaseli, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Mohammad Faghihi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of inferior oblique myectomy and anterior transposition for correcting inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 56 patients with IOOA who had either myectomy or anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle from 2010 to 2015. The authors compared preoperative and postoperative inferior oblique muscle function grading (-4 to +4) as the main outcome measure and vertical and horizontal deviation, dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), and A- and V-pattern between the two surgical groups as secondary outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510769/comparison-of-objective-and-subjective-techniques-of-strabismus-measurement-in-adults-with-normal-retinal-correspondence
#9
Derek P Bitner, Ore-Ofe O Adesina, Kai Ding, Bradley K Farris, R Michael Siatkowski
PURPOSE: Accurate measurement of strabismus is vital to proper diagnosis and treatment. Objective and subjective measurement techniques can be used. The authors hypothesized that subjective measurement techniques would measure larger deviations than objective ones. METHODS: Adults with strabismus, visual acuity greater than 20/50 in each eye, and normal retinal correspondence were measured in primary gaze at distance and near using the alternate prism and cover test and the red glass test...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499831/resolution-of-hypertropia-with-correction-of-consecutive-horizontal-deviation
#10
Rui Hao, Kanxing Zhao, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: To study the resolution of hypertropia in patients who undergo horizontal deviation surgery for consecutive esotropia or consecutive exotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 23 patients with consecutive esotropia or exotropia who had concomitant vertical tropia. All patients had had surgery for horizontal deviation that required further surgery to correct consecutive horizontal strabismus and had a minimum of six months of postoperative follow-up...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463575/the-prevalence-of-strabismus-heterophorias-and-their-associated-factors-in-underserved-rural-areas-of-iran
#11
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Bardia Behnia, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of different types of strabismus and heterophoria and their associated factors in underserved rural areas of Iran. METHODS: Two rural areas in the north and southwest of Iran were randomly sampled using multistage cluster sampling. Individuals aged over 1 year, totaling 3851, were invited to participate in the study. In addition to collecting demographic data, optometric examinations were performed for each participant. Unilateral and alternating cover tests were performed at far (6 m) and near (40 cm) to detect tropia and phoria, respectively, and the magnitude of the deviation was measured using alternating cover test and prism bar...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463526/long-term-surgical-outcomes-for-vertical-deviations-in-thyroid-eye-disease
#12
Lucy Barker, Kelly Mackenzie, Gill Gw Adams, Joanne Hancox
INTRODUCTION: Vertical deviations in thyroid eye disease (TED) can present a surgical challenge due to the difficulty and unpredictability of surgery and the high risk of postoperative drift towards overcorrection. This study reports the postoperative outcomes of patients who underwent adjustable vertical strabismus surgery with Vicryl sutures for thyroid eye disease. METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients seen for vertical TED strabismus surgery from January 2005 through December 2009...
May 2, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453162/transposition-of-both-oblique-muscles-combined-with-lateral-rectus-botulinum-toxin-injection-and-globe-fixation-suture-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-cranial-nerve-iii-palsy
#13
Orwa Nasser, Richard W Hertle, Boonkit Purt, Shawn Martin
The authors report a new technique to treat complete cranial nerve III palsy. A 15-year-old girl underwent botulinum toxin injection into the lateral rectus muscle, nasal transposition of both the superior and inferior oblique muscles to the medial rectus insertion, and absorbable suture globe fixation to the nasal orbital periosteum. Six months postoperatively, her primary position eye deviation was within 12 prism diopters of orthotropia with limitation of ductions in all directions. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442887/management-of-duane-retraction-syndrome-with-prismatic-glasses
#14
Ebru Demet Aygit, Murat Kocamaz, Asli Inal, Korhan Fazil, Osman Bulut Ocak, Serpil Akar, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To report the results of using prismatic glasses for Duane retraction syndrome (DRS). METHODS: Data were obtained from the records of patients who were evaluated during the year 2000 in the Strabismus Unit of the Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital. The average follow-up was 12.2±17.7 months. In all cases, 2 main variables were evaluated: horizontal deviation in the primary position and face turn. Prismatic glasses were provided to patients according to the degree of shift in the primary position...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404522/observations-on-the-relationship-between-anisometropia-amblyopia-and-strabismus
#15
Earl L Smith, Li-Fang Hung, Baskar Arumugam, Janice M Wensveen, Yuzo M Chino, Ronald S Harwerth
We investigated the potential causal relationships between anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus, specifically to determine whether either amblyopia or strabismus interfered with emmetropization. We analyzed data from non-human primates that were relevant to the co-existence of anisometropia, amblyopia and strabismus in children. We relied on interocular comparisons of spatial vision and refractive development in animals reared with 1) monocular form deprivation; 2) anisometropia optically imposed by either contact lenses or spectacle lenses; 3) organic amblyopia produced by laser ablation of the fovea; and 4) strabismus that was either optically imposed with prisms or produced by either surgical or pharmacological manipulation of the extraocular muscles...
May 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388348/geriatric-patients-are-predisposed-to-strabismus-following-thyroid-related-orbital-decompression-surgery-a-multivariate-analysis
#16
Chris Y Wu, Alon Kahana
Geriatric patients (age ≥ 65) are prone to complications after surgery and are at risk for severe thyroid eye disease (TED). In this study, we aim to identify preoperative demographic and TED patterns associated with geriatric patients who underwent decompression surgery, to examine the effect of age on postoperative strabismus rates, and to identify factors that may contribute to postoperative strabismus in the geriatric subgroup. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent thyroid-related orbital decompression surgery at the Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, between 1999 and 2014...
April 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367042/a-valid-indication-and-the-effect-of-bilateral-inferior-oblique-transposition-on-recurrent-or-consecutive-horizontal-deviation-in-infantile-strabismus
#17
Suk-Gyu Ha, Gun-Hoo Na, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of bilateral inferior oblique transposition (BIOT) on horizontal deviation from primary position among patients with bilateral dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) associated with inferior oblique overaction (IOOA) in infantile strabismus. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted among 19 patients with infantile strabismus. All patients had DVD and IOOA with consecutive or recurrent horizontal deviation and underwent modified BIOT surgery...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362425/role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-heavy-eye-syndrome
#18
C Maiolo, M Fresina, E C Campos
PurposeThe aim of this study is to assess the importance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery in highly myopic patients, evaluating the capability of imaging to identify muscles displacement and orbital pulley abnormalities and their role in the pathogenesis of heavy eye syndrome (HES).MethodsWe reviewed the medical records and high-resolution orbital MRIs of highly myopic adults with HES, who underwent surgery for strabismus at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital of Bologna from January 2007 to June 2016...
March 31, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302533/strabismus-measurements-in-adults-before-and-after-pupil-dilation
#19
Sean S Rivera, Michael S Lee, Scott Lunos, Jill S Anderson, Erick D Bothun
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of dilating drops on strabismus measurements in adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients aged 18 and older with strabismus underwent a standard evaluation of ocular motility, stereopsis, and ocular alignment with alternate prism cover test by a certified orthoptist. After pupil dilation with 2.5% phenylephrine and 1% tropicamide, ocular alignment was remeasured in primary gaze at 6 meters, at 1/3 meter, and at 1/3 meter with a +3...
June 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292276/effect-of-modified-graded-recession-and-anteriorization-on-unilateral-superior-oblique-palsy-a-retrospective-study
#20
Dong Cheol Lee, Se Youp Lee
BACKGROUND: Several inferior oblique (IO) weakening methods exist for correction of superior oblique palsy (SOP). A previously reported method involved recession and anteriorization according to IO overaction (IOOA) grade, which might be subjective and cause upgaze limitation and opposite vertical strabismus. Therefore, this study attempted to examine the efficacy of modified graded recession and anteriorization of the IO muscle in correction of unilateral SOP without resulting in upgaze limitation or opposite vertical strabismus...
March 14, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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