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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194752/the-regulatory-role-of-the-oral-commensal-streptococcus-mitis-on-human-monocytes
#1
Stian André Engen, Olav Schreurs, Fernanda Petersen, Inger Johanne Schytte Blix, Espen S Baekkevold, Karl Schenck
Streptococcus mitis colonizes all niches of the human oral cavity from early infancy and throughout life. Monocytes patrol blood vessels, lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues, and migrate into infected tissue where they participate in the inflammatory cascade and immune regulation. Here, we studied the effect of S. mitis on monocytes. Transcriptome analysis of monocytes exposed to S. mitis (SmMo) revealed increased transcription of chemotactic factors (CCL2, CCL3, CCL20, CXCL1, CXCL2) and cytokines (IL1A, IL1B, IL6, IL23, IL36G, TNF), indicating that S...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105655/pre-metastatic-cancer-exosomes-induce-immune-surveillance-by-patrolling-monocytes-at-the-metastatic-niche
#2
Michael P Plebanek, Nicholas L Angeloni, Elena Vinokour, Jia Li, Anna Henkin, Dalia Martinez-Marin, Stephanie Filleur, Reshma Bhowmick, Jack Henkin, Stephen D Miller, Igal Ifergan, Yesung Lee, Iman Osman, C Shad Thaxton, Olga V Volpert
Metastatic cancers produce exosomes that condition pre-metastatic niches in remote microenvironments to favor metastasis. In contrast, here we show that exosomes from poorly metastatic melanoma cells can potently inhibit metastasis to the lung. These "non-metastatic" exosomes stimulate an innate immune response through the expansion of Ly6C(low) patrolling monocytes (PMo) in the bone marrow, which then cause cancer cell clearance at the pre-metastatic niche, via the recruitment of NK cells and TRAIL-dependent killing of melanoma cells by macrophages...
November 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045904/inkt-cells-orchestrate-a-switch-from-inflammation-to-resolution-of-sterile-liver-injury
#3
Pei Xiong Liew, Woo-Yong Lee, Paul Kubes
After traumatic injury, some cells function as detectors to sense injury and to modulate the local immune response toward a restitution phase by affecting the local cytokine milieu. Using intravital microscopy, we observed that patrolling invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells were initially excluded from a site of hepatic injury but subsequently were strategically arrested first via self-antigens and then by cytokines, circumscribing the injured site at exactly the location where monocytes co-localized and hepatocytes proliferated...
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042196/dcir3-and-dcir4-are-co-expressed-on-inflammatory-and-patrolling-monocytes
#4
Yu Hsu, Ryo Okada, Takashi Nishimura, Norihito Kawasaki, Kazuo Yamamoto, Naoki Matsumoto
Dendritic cell inhibitory receptor 3 (DCIR3) is a member of dendritic immuno-receptor family, of which protein expression has been unknown. We established a specific monoclonal antibody against mouse DCIR3 and investigated the expression of DCIR3 on immune cells of various immune organs. We found that DCIR3 was expressed on monocytes, but not on eosinophils and neutrophils. We also found the existence of a dichotomy in the levels of the expression of DCIR3 on monocytes in bone marrow, blood and spleen. Further investigation of the expression of several cell surface markers on DCIR3(High) cells and DCIR3(Low) cells revealed that DCIR3(High) cells were Ly-6C(-) CD43(High) CD11c(+) CD80(+) NK1...
October 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993702/erv1-overexpression-in-myeloid-cells-protects-against-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-and-glucose-intolerance
#5
Corneliu Sima, Eduardo Montero, Daniel Nguyen, Marcelo Freire, Paul Norris, Charles N Serhan, Thomas E Van Dyke
Non-resolving inflammation is a central pathologic component of obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and associated morbidities. The resultant hyperglycemia is deleterious to the normal function of many organs and its control significantly improves survival and quality of life for patients with diabetes. Macrophages play critical roles in both onset and progression of obesity-associated insulin resistance. Here we show that systemic activation of inflammation resolution prevents from morbid obesity and hyperglycemia under dietary overload conditions...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969686/s100a8-a9-increases-the-mobilization-of-pro-inflammatory-ly6c-high-monocytes-to-the-synovium-during-experimental-osteoarthritis
#6
Niels A J Cremers, Martijn H J van den Bosch, Stephanie van Dalen, Irene Di Ceglie, Giuliana Ascone, Fons van de Loo, Marije Koenders, Peter van der Kraan, Annet Sloetjes, Thomas Vogl, Johannes Roth, Edwin J W Geven, Arjen B Blom, Peter L E M van Lent
BACKGROUND: Monocytes are dominant cells present within the inflamed synovium during osteoarthritis (OA). In mice, two functionally distinct monocyte subsets are described: pro-inflammatory Ly6C(high) and patrolling Ly6C(low) monocytes. Alarmins S100A8/A9 locally released by the synovium during inflammatory OA for prolonged periods may be dominant proteins involved in stimulating recruitment of Ly6C(high) monocytes from the circulation to the joint. Our objective was to investigate the role of S100A8/A9 in the mobilization of Ly6C(high) and Ly6C(low) monocytic populations to the inflamed joint in collagenase-induced OA (CiOA)...
September 29, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935758/scavenger-receptor-cd36-directs-nonclassical-monocyte-patrolling-along-the-endothelium-during-early-atherogenesis
#7
Paola M Marcovecchio, Graham D Thomas, Zbigniew Mikulski, Erik Ehinger, Karin A L Mueller, Amy Blatchley, Runpei Wu, Yury I Miller, Anh Tram Nguyen, Angela M Taylor, Coleen A McNamara, Klaus Ley, Catherine C Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: Nonclassical monocytes (NCM) function to maintain vascular homeostasis by crawling or patrolling along the vessel wall. This subset of monocytes responds to viruses, tumor cells, and other pathogens to aid in protection of the host. In this study, we wished to determine how early atherogenesis impacts NCM patrolling in the vasculature. APPROACH AND RESULTS: To study the role of NCM in early atherogenesis, we quantified the patrolling behaviors of NCM in ApoE(-/-) (apolipoprotein E) and C57BL/6J mice fed a Western diet...
November 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933216/dexamethasone-attenuates-the-enhanced-rewarding-effects-of-cocaine-following-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Steven F Merkel, Allison M Andrews, Evan M Lutton, Roshanak Razmpour, Lee Anne Cannella, Servio H Ramirez
Clinical studies have identified traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a risk factor for the development of cocaine dependence. This claim is supported by our recent preclinical studies showing enhancement of the rewarding effects of cocaine in mice sustaining moderate controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury during adolescence. Here we test the efficacy of dexamethasone, an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid, to attenuate augmentation of the behavioral response to cocaine observed in CCI-TBI animals using the conditioned place preference (CPP) assay...
July 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912781/microrna-dynamic-regulators-of-macrophage-polarization-and-plasticity
#9
REVIEW
Jezrom Bokcaerin Self-Fordham, Afsar Raza Naqvi, Juhi Raju Uttamani, Varun Kulkarni, Salvador Nares
The ability of a healthy immune system to clear the plethora of antigens it encounters incessantly relies on the enormous plasticity displayed by the comprising cell types. Macrophages (MΦs) are crucial member of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) that constantly patrol the peripheral tissues and are actively recruited to the sites of injury and infection. In tissues, infiltrating monocytes replenish MΦ. Under the guidance of the local micro-milieu, MΦ can be activated to acquire specialized functional phenotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834747/triggering-of-nod2-receptor-converts-inflammatory-ly6c-high-into-ly6c-low-monocytes-with-patrolling-properties
#10
Anne-Julie Lessard, Manon LeBel, Benoit Egarnes, Paul Préfontaine, Peter Thériault, Arnaud Droit, Alexandre Brunet, Serge Rivest, Jean Gosselin
The signals that regulate the fate of circulating monocytes remain unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that triggering of the NOD2 receptor by muramyl dipeptide (MDP) converts inflammatory Ly6C(high) monocytes into patrolling Ly6C(low) monocytes. Administration of MDP to Nr4a1(-/-) mice, which lack Ly6C(low) monocytes, or to Ly6C(low)-depleted mice led to the emergence of blood-patrolling monocytes with a profile similar to that of Ly6C(low) monocytes, including high expression of CX3CR1 and LFA1...
August 22, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811289/primary-tumors-limit-metastasis-formation-through-induction-of-il15-mediated-crosstalk-between-patrolling-monocytes-and-nk-cells
#11
Hiroshi Kubo, Sofia Mensurado, Natacha Goncalves-Sousa, Karine Serre, Bruno Silva-Santos
Metastases are responsible for the vast majority of cancer-related deaths. Although tumor cells can become invasive early during cancer progression, metastases formation typically occurs as a late event. How the immune response to primary tumors may dictate this outcome remains poorly understood, which hampers our capacity to manipulate it therapeutically. Here we used a two-step experimental model, based on the highly aggressive B16F10 melanoma, that temporally segregates the establishment of primary tumors (subcutaneously) and the formation of lung metastases (from intravenous injection)...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650342/inflammatory-ly6chi-monocytes-and-their-conversion-to-m2-macrophages-drive-atherosclerosis-regression
#12
Karishma Rahman, Yuliya Vengrenyuk, Stephen A Ramsey, Noemi Rotllan Vila, Natasha M Girgis, Jianhua Liu, Viktoria Gusarova, Jesper Gromada, Ada Weinstock, Kathryn J Moore, P'ng Loke, Edward A Fisher
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, and developing therapies to promote its regression is an important clinical goal. We previously established that atherosclerosis regression is characterized by an overall decrease in plaque macrophages and enrichment in markers of alternatively activated M2 macrophages. We have now investigated the origin and functional requirement for M2 macrophages in regression in normolipidemic mice that received transplants of atherosclerotic aortic segments. We compared plaque regression in WT normolipidemic recipients and those deficient in chemokine receptors necessary to recruit inflammatory Ly6Chi (Ccr2-/- or Cx3cr1-/-) or patrolling Ly6Clo (Ccr5-/-) monocytes...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615357/donor-pulmonary-intravascular-nonclassical-monocytes-recruit-recipient-neutrophils-and-mediate-primary-lung-allograft-dysfunction
#13
Zhikun Zheng, Stephen Chiu, Mahzad Akbarpour, Haiying Sun, Paul A Reyfman, Kishore R Anekalla, Hiam Abdala-Valencia, Daphne Edgren, Wenjun Li, Daniel Kreisel, Farida V Korobova, Ramiro Fernandez, Alexandra McQuattie-Pimentel, Zheng J Zhang, Harris Perlman, Alexander V Misharin, G R Scott Budinger, Ankit Bharat
Primary graft dysfunction is the predominant driver of mortality and graft loss after lung transplantation. Recruitment of neutrophils as a result of ischemia-reperfusion injury is thought to cause primary graft dysfunction; however, the mechanisms that regulate neutrophil influx into the injured lung are incompletely understood. We found that donor-derived intravascular nonclassical monocytes (NCMs) are retained in human and murine donor lungs used in transplantation and can be visualized at sites of endothelial injury after reperfusion...
June 14, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586340/patrolling-monocytes-sense-peripheral-infection-and-induce-cytokine-mediated-neuronal-dysfunction
#14
Josef Priller, Chotima Böttcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566450/monocyte-subtypes-and-the-ccr2-chemokine-receptor-in-cardiovascular-disease
#15
REVIEW
Carolina N França, Maria C O Izar, Marinella N S Hortêncio, Jônatas B do Amaral, Carlos E S Ferreira, Izabela D Tuleta, Francisco A H Fonseca
Monocytes circulate in the blood and migrate to inflammatory tissues, but their functions can be either detrimental or beneficial, depending on their phenotypes. In humans, classical monocytes are inflammatory cluster of differentiation (CD)14(++)CD16(-)CCR2(++) cells originated from the bone marrow or spleen reservoirs and comprise ≥92% of monocytes. Intermediate monocytes (CD14(++)CD16(+)CCR2(+)) are involved in the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines [such as interleukin (IL)-10], reactive oxygen species (ROS), and proinflammatory mediators [such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1β)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546658/endothelial-alterations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-potential-effect-of-monocyte-interaction
#16
REVIEW
Laura Atehortúa, Mauricio Rojas, Gloria M Vásquez, Diana Castaño
Patients with systemic autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are prone to develop atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases five times more often than the general population; this increase in frequency could be partially explained by an increase in the macrovasculature endothelial damage. In these autoimmune diseases, a microvascular endothelial injury has also been reported in different organs and tissues, especially in sites where ultrafiltration processes occur...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546349/a-polecat-s-view-of-patrolling-monocytes
#17
EDITORIAL
Jesse W Williams, Gwendalyn J Randolph, Bernd H Zinselmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514690/genomic-characterization-of-murine-monocytes-reveals-c-ebp%C3%AE-transcription-factor-dependence-of-ly6c-cells
#18
Alexander Mildner, Jörg Schönheit, Amir Giladi, Eyal David, David Lara-Astiaso, Erika Lorenzo-Vivas, Franziska Paul, Louise Chappell-Maor, Josef Priller, Achim Leutz, Ido Amit, Steffen Jung
Monocytes are circulating, short-lived mononuclear phagocytes, which in mice and man comprise two main subpopulations. Murine Ly6C(+) monocytes display developmental plasticity and are recruited to complement tissue-resident macrophages and dendritic cells on demand. Murine vascular Ly6C(-) monocytes patrol the endothelium, act as scavengers, and support vessel wall repair. Here we characterized population and single cell transcriptomes, as well as enhancer and promoter landscapes of the murine monocyte compartment...
May 16, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435674/the-three-rs-recruitment-retention-and-residence-of-leukocytes-in-the-liver
#19
REVIEW
Hayley A McNamara, Ian A Cockburn
The composition of leukocytes in the liver is highly distinct from that of the blood and lymphoid organs. In particular, the liver is highly enriched in non-conventional T cells such as natural killer T (NKT) cells, γδ T cells and mucosal-associated invariant T cells. In addition, there are significant populations of tissue-resident NK cells (or innate lymphoid cells (ILC1)) and memory CD8(+) T cells. These cells are joined in conditions of inflammation by neutrophils, monocytes and macrophages. In recent years a multitude of studies have generated insights into how these cells arrest, move and remain resident in the liver...
December 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327462/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-hiv-infected-youth-investigating-the-relationship-with-immune-activation
#20
Allison Ross Eckard, Julia C Rosebush, Mary Ann O'Riordan, Chanda C Graves, Ashley Alexander, Anita K Grover, S Thera Lee, Jakob G Habib, Joshua H Ruff, Ann Chahroudi, Grace A McComsey
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of neurocognitive impairment compared to the general population. Studies suggest that, despite combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV infection causes immune activation which results in neural damage; however, few data exist in HIV-infected youth. METHODS: HIV-infected youth 8-26 years old on cART with virologic suppression were prospectively enrolled along with healthy controls. Neurocognitive performance was assessed by age-appropriate Wechsler Intelligence Scales...
March 22, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
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