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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219939/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-chinese-respiratory-distress-observation-scale-on-critically-ill-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-diseases
#1
Ya-Hsiang Chan, Hua-Shan Wu, Chih-Ching Yen, Margaret L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress is a common and distressing experience that strikes most critically ill patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. Now, most dyspnea assessment tools rely on patient's self-report. Only one instrument, the Respiratory Distress Observation Scale (RDOS), is valid for assessing respiratory distress when the patient cannot provide a dyspnea self-report. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to develop the Chinese version of RDOS through two-way translation and examine its reliability and validity...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219910/the-appraisal-of-nursing-practice-instrument-development-and-initial-testing
#2
Heather Becker, Marty Meraviglia, Jin EunJin Seo, Chipo Ndlovu, Lois Kimmel, Toni Rowin
OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of the Appraisal of Nursing Practice (ANP) and present initial psychometric data. BACKGROUND: Although measures of new nurses' confidence in clinical practice exist, psychometrically sound observational tools that assess a broad range of nursing competencies are needed. METHODS: Based on the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies, the 37-item ANP covers person-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice/quality improvement, safety, informatics, professionalism, and overall satisfaction (with the new nurse's functioning)...
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217336/patient-physician-agreement-using-summary-outcome-determination-scores
#3
Dave R Shukla, Anthony M Vaichinger, Maegan N Shields, Julia Lee, Shabnum Gupta, James S Fitzsimmons, Shawn W O'Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Summary Outcome Determination (SOD) score had exhibited a high level of physician-patient agreement in surgical patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 320 postoperative patients were reviewed, of whom 164 patients were included in the study. Patients were included if both physician-assigned and patient-assigned SOD scores had been recorded. The SOD is administered as follows: the patient is asked "Compared to before surgery, is your elbow/shoulder better, worse or no different?" If better: "Is it improved, greatly improved, almost normal or normal?" If worse: "Is it worse or profoundly worse, or as bad as dying?" Each category is associated with a numerical value and definition for further clarification...
December 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215453/generalized-periodic-discharges-with-and-without-triphasic-morphology
#4
Ayham M Alkhachroum, Haifa Al-Abri, Alok Sachdeva, Sarita Maturu, Jennifer Waldron, Han Wang, Macym Rizvi, Guadalupe Fernandez-Baca Vaca, Hans O Lüders
PURPOSE: Generalized periodic discharges (GPDs) with a triphasic morphology have been associated with nonepileptic encephalopathies. We conducted the study to assess the reliability in which electroencephalographers can differentiate triphasic from nontriphasic periodic discharges and to evaluate for the presence of electroencephalogram and clinical characteristics that are associated with a higher risk of seizures. METHODS: We studied prospectively 92 patients between May 2016 and February 2017...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#5
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201927/radiographic-location-does-not-ensure-a-precise-anatomic-location-of-the-femoral-fixation-site-in-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso, Cristina Ramírez-Fuentes, Erik Montesinos-Berry, Isabel Elía, Luis Martí-Bonmatí
Background: A frequently used method to determine the anatomic femoral fixation point in the operating room during medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is the radiographic method. However, the ability of this radiological method to establish an anatomic femoral attachment point might not be as accurate as expected. Purpose: (1) To evaluate the accuracy of the radiological method to locate the anatomic femoral fixation point in MPFL reconstruction surgery and (2) to determine the factors influencing the predictability of this method to obtain this objective...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194298/establishing-inter-and-intrarater-reliability-for-high-stakes-testing-using-simulation
#7
Suzan Kardong-Edgren, Marilyn H Oermann, Mary Anne Rizzolo, Tamara Odom-Maryon
AIM: This article reports one method to develop a standardized training method to establish the inter- and intrarater reliability of a group of raters for high-stakes testing. BACKGROUND: Simulation is used increasingly for high-stakes testing, but without research into the development of inter- and intrarater reliability for raters. METHOD: Eleven raters were trained using a standardized methodology. Raters scored 28 student videos over a six-week period...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190140/validity-evidence-for-a-residency-admissions-standardized-assessment-letter-for-pediatrics
#8
Nadia M Bajwa, Rachel Yudkowsky, Dominique Belli, Nu Viet Vu, Yoon Soo Park
Construct: This study aims to provide validity evidence for the standardized Assessment Letter for Pediatrics as a measure of competencies expected of a 1st-year pediatrics resident as part of a pediatric residency admissions process. BACKGROUND: The Narrative Letter of Recommendation is a frequently used tool in the residency admissions process even though it has poor interrater reliability, lacks pertinent content, and does not correlate with residency performance. A newer tool, the Standardized Letter, has shown validity evidence for content and interrater reliability in other specialties...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189705/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-critical-pain-observation-tool-in-brain-injured-critically-ill-adults
#9
Francesco Sulla, Nilson De Souza Ramos, Noemi Terzi, Tania Trenta, Mariella Uneddu, Melanny Alessandra Zaldivar Cruces, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Pain in intensive care units (ICUs) is a frequent and often undermanaged problem. Brain-injured patients are often unable to reliably self-report their pain, calling forth the need to use behavioural scales such as the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT). This study aimed to test the reliability and validity of the Italian CPOT use with brain-injured ICU adults. METHOD: A sample of 50 adults critical care patients was included. Each patient was assessed by two independent observers at three predefined times - at rest; during mobilization for hygiene; 20 minutes later - using the CPOT, PAINAD, and NRS...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189505/development-of-a-comprehensive-and-interactive-tool-to-inform-state-violence-and-injury-prevention-plans
#10
Lauren Wilson, Angela J Deokar, Araya Zaesim, Karen Thomas, Marcie-Jo Kresnow-Sedacca
CONTEXT: The Center of Disease Control and Prevention's Core State Violence and Injury Prevention Program (Core SVIPP) provides an opportunity for states to engage with their partners to implement, evaluate, and disseminate strategies that lead to the reduction and prevention of injury and violence. Core SVIPP requires awardees to develop or update their state injury and violence plans. Currently, literature informing state planning efforts is limited, especially regarding materials related to injury and violence...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185358/simplified-summative-temporal-bone-dissection-scale-demonstrates-equivalence-to-existing-measures
#11
Justyn Pisa, Michael Gousseau, Stephanie Mowat, Brian Westerberg, Bert Unger, Jordan B Hochman
INTRODUCTION: Emphasis on patient safety has created the need for quality assessment of fundamental surgical skills. Existing temporal bone rating scales are laborious, subject to evaluator fatigue, and contain inconsistencies when conferring points. To address these deficiencies, a novel binary assessment tool was designed and validated against a well-established rating scale. METHODS: Residents completed a mastoidectomy with posterior tympanotomy on identical 3D-printed temporal bone models...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185354/validation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-delirium-motor-subtype-scale-dmss
#12
David Garcia Nuñez, Soenke Boettger, Rafael Meyer, André Richter, Maria Schubert, David Meagher, Josef Jenewein
OBJECTIVE: Delirium has been characterized into its subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, or no motor subtype-along with the use of the Delirium Motor Symptom Scale (DMSS). The German version of this scale (DMSS-G), however, has not yet been validated. METHOD: We determined internal consistency, reliability, and validity of the DMSS-G in the surgical intensive care unit, using DSM-IV-TR criteria and the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98. RESULTS: In total, 289 patients were included, and out of these, 122 were delirious...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178338/disorder-and-treatment-specific-therapeutic-competence-scales-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-intervention-development-and-psychometric-properties
#13
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Nora Görg, Sophie Rausch, Patricia A Resick, Regina Steil
Although the assessment of therapeutic competence in psychotherapy research is essential for examining its possible associations with treatment outcomes, it is often neglected due to high costs and a lack of valid instruments. This study aimed to develop two therapeutic competence scales that assess disorder-specific and treatment-specific therapeutic competence, and to examine these scales' psychometric properties along with those of the already established Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS) in a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sample...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176497/agreement-among-clinician-patient-and-independent-interviewer-ratings-of-adaptive-functioning
#14
Ora Nakash, Maayan Nagar, Drew Westen
We examined the interrater reliability and diagnostic efficiency of clinician report (both the treating clinician and independent expert clinical interviewer) and patient self-report of clinically meaningful information pertaining to adaptive functioning. A convenience sample of clinicians (N = 80) and patients (N = 170) from eight community mental health clinics in Israel participated in the study. Our findings suggest that clinicians overall reliably report on adaptive functioning of patients (overall correct classification rates range, 0...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174836/accuracy-and-reliability-of-emergency-department-triage-using-the-emergency-severity-index-an%C3%A2-international-multicenter-assessment
#15
Binoy Mistry, Sarah Stewart De Ramirez, Gabor Kelen, Paulo S K Schmitz, Kamna S Balhara, Scott Levin, Diego Martinez, Kevin Psoter, Xavier Anton, Jeremiah S Hinson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess accuracy and variability of triage score assignment by emergency department (ED) nurses using the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) in 3 countries. In accordance with previous reports and clinical observation, we hypothesize low accuracy and high variability across all sites. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study enrolled 87 ESI-trained nurses from EDs in Brazil, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States. Standardized triage scenarios published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) were used...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174222/inter-and-intrarater-reliability-of-two-proprioception-tests-using-clinical-applicable-measurement-tools-in-subjects-with-and-without-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Isabel A C Baert, Enrique Lluch, Thomas Struyf, Greta Peeters, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Joanna Tuynman, Salim Rufai, Filip Struyf
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic value of proprioceptive-based exercises in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) management warrants investigation of proprioceptive testing methods easily accessible in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate inter- and intrarater reliability of the knee joint position sense (KJPS) test and knee force sense (KFS) test in subjects with and without KOA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional test-retest design. METHOD: Two blinded raters performed independently repeated measures of the KJPS and KFS test, using an analogue inclinometer and handheld dynamometer, respectively, in eight KOA patients (12 symptomatic knees) and 26 healthy controls (52 asymptomatic knees)...
November 21, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170267/perivascular-spaces-in-old-age-assessment-distribution-and-correlation-with-white-matter-hyperintensities
#17
A Laveskog, R Wang, L Bronge, L-O Wahlund, C Qiu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The visual rating scales for perivascular spaces vary considerably. We sought to develop a new scale for visual assessment of perivascular spaces and to further describe their distribution and association with white matter hyperintensities in old age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This population-based study included 530 individuals who did not have dementia and were not institutionalized (age, ≥60 years or older; mean age, 70.7 years; 58.9% women) who were living in central Stockholm, Sweden...
November 23, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165828/nursing-center-health-intervention-program-in-philadelphia-program-evaluation-and-outcomes
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The La Salle Neighborhood Nursing Center provided the Health Intervention Program (HIP) for vulnerable children with special needs, and families in Philadelphia challenged by chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, and emotional conditions and low incomes. AIMS: We evaluated the effectiveness of HIP for a 5-year period and the consistency of quarterly and annual reports as a quality improvement initiative. METHODS: Using program evaluation, secondary analysis design, the effect of a city-wide, family support home visiting program was assessed...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164148/relative-and-absolute-interrater-reliabilities-of-a-hand-held-myotonometer-to-quantify-mechanical-muscle-properties-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-in-an-inpatient-ward
#19
Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Jiang Li Zhao, Le Li, Yu Rong Mao, Dong Feng Huang
Introduction: The reliability of using MyotonPRO to quantify muscles mechanical properties in a ward setting for the acute stroke population remains unknown. Aims: To investigate the within-session relative and absolute interrater reliability of MyotonPRO. Methods: Mechanical properties of biceps brachii, brachioradialis, rectus femoris, and tibialis anterior were recorded at bedside. Participants were within 1 month of the first occurrence of stroke...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163293/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-ados-2-polish-version
#20
Izabela Chojnicka, Ewa Pisula
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) is one of the most popular instruments used world-widely in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Unfortunately, there are only a few studies of the psychometric properties of non-English language versions of this instrument and none of the adaptation of its second edition (ADOS-2). The objective of this study was to verify the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2-PL). The authors recruited 401 participants: 193 with ASDs (ASD group) and 78 with non-spectrum disorders, plus 130 typically developing participants (control group)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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