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interrater reliability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218555/scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-8-assessing-naso-labial-appearance-in-5-year-olds-a-preliminary-study
#1
Kirsten Mølsted, Kirsti Humerinta, Annelise Küseler, Pål Skaare, Haydn Bellardie, William Shaw, Agneta Karsten, Paul Kåre Sæle, Sara Rizell, Agneta Marcusson, Philip Eyres, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Facial appearance is one of the most relevant measures of success in cleft lip and palate treatment. The aim was to assess nasolabial appearance at 5 years of age in all children in the project. In this part of the project the local protocol for lip closure continued to be used because the primary lip and nose operations were not part of the randomisation. The great majority of the surgeons used Millard's technique together with McComb's technique for the nose. One center used Tennison-Randalls technique and in one center the centers own technique as well as nose plugs were used...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209210/a-direct-observation-method-for-auditing-large-urban-centers-using-stratified-sampling-mobile-gis-technology-and-virtual-environments
#2
Sean J V Lafontaine, M Sawada, Elizabeth Kristjansson
BACKGROUND: With the expansion and growth of research on neighbourhood characteristics, there is an increased need for direct observational field audits. Herein, we introduce a novel direct observational audit method and systematic social observation instrument (SSOI) for efficiently assessing neighbourhood aesthetics over large urban areas. METHODS: Our audit method uses spatial random sampling stratified by residential zoning and incorporates both mobile geographic information systems technology and virtual environments...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203628/the-structured-interview-for-insight-and-judgment-in-dementia-development-and-validation-of-a-new-instrument-to-assess-awareness-in-patients-with-dementia
#3
Teresa Parrao, Simone Brockman, Romola S Bucks, David G Bruce, Wendy A Davis, Katherine K Hatch, Tammy L Leavy, Christine A P Axten, Sergio E Starkstein
INTRODUCTION: Poor insight about their cognitive and functional deficits is highly prevalent in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, there is a lack of reliable, valid instrumentation to measure this construct. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a semistructured interview to assess insight and judgment in patients with AD and to provide information regarding the assessment of competency and risk in this population. METHODS: We validated the Structured Clinical Interview for Insight and Judgment in Dementia (SIJID) in a consecutive series of 124 patients with probable AD...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195997/development-and-validation-of-the-cochlear-implant-surgical-competency-assessment-instrument
#4
Thomas Balkany, Kaming Lo, Howard Francis, Simon Angeli, Michael Novak, William Luxford, Rodney Lusk, Heather Strader
OBJECTIVE: We present a new instrument for evaluation of cochlear implant (CI) surgical skills and review its validation process. METHODS: An instrument to assess CI surgical competency incorporated results of structured surveys of comprehensiveness sent to 30 international CI experts and US trainees. One-hundred evaluations of 28 residents, fellows, and practicing CI surgeons were completed. Surgical skills were evaluated by four experienced neurotologists (two raters per subject) using two temporal bones per subject...
February 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195938/low-adverse-event-rates-but-high-emergency-department-utilization-in-chest-pain-patients-treated-in-an-emergency-department-observation-unit
#5
Anthony M Napoli, Janette Baird, Steven Tran, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVES: Nearly 40% of all previously admitted chest pain patients re-present to the emergency department (ED) within 1 year regardless of stress testing, and nearly 5% of patients return with a major adverse cardiac event (MACE). The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of return visits to the ED among patients previously admitted to an ED chest pain observation unit (CPU). We also identified the patient characteristics and health risk factors associated with these return ED visits...
March 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195753/subjective-assessment-of-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies
#6
Janet W Lee, Derrick R Randall, Lisa M Evangelista, Maggie A Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky
Objective The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the gold standard diagnostic tool to evaluate oropharyngeal dysphagia. Although objective measurements on VFSS have been described, there is no universal method of analysis, and the majority of clinicians use subjective interpretation alone. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the accuracy of subjective VFSS analysis. Study Design Double-blinded experiment. Setting Tertiary care laryngology center. Subjects and Methods Seventy-six de-identified videos from VFSS evaluations of patients with dysphagia were presented to blinded, experienced speech-language pathologists and laryngologists individually...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194829/diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-graft
#7
Pieter Van Dyck, Martijn Froeling, Eline De Smet, Pim Pullens, Michaël Torfs, Peter Verdonk, Jan Sijbers, Paul M Parizel, Ben Jeurissen
PURPOSE: A great need exists for objective biomarkers to assess graft healing following ACL reconstruction to guide the time of return to sports. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to delineate the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft and to investigate its diffusion properties using a clinical 3T scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DTI of the knee (b = 0, 400, and 800 s/mm(2) , 10 diffusion directions, repeated 16 times for a total of 336 diffusion-weighted volumes) was performed at 3T in 17 patients between 3 and 7 months (mean, 4 months) following ACL reconstruction...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192824/accuracy-and-learning-curve-of-femoral-tunnel-placement-in-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#8
Laurie Anne Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Catherine L O'Brien, Mark R Lafave
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of femoral tunnel placement in a medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFL-R) cohort. The secondary purpose was to establish the evidence of a learning curve to achieve acceptable femoral tunnel placement during MPFL-R. Two surgeons, using lateral radiographs, assessed 73 subjects post-MPFL-R. Femoral tunnel accuracy and direction of tunnel error were measured in relation to Schöttle's point (A-T distance). Interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient 2,k) of these measures was calculated...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176499/ct-angiography-of-collateral-vessels-and-outcomes-in-endovascular-treated-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#9
Beom Joon Kim, Jong Won Chung, Hong Kyun Park, Jun Yup Kim, Mi Hwa Yang, Moon Ku Han, Cheolkyu Jeong, Gyojun Hwang, O Ki Kwon, Hee Joon Bae
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Measuring the extent of the collateral blood vessels using computed tomography (CT) angiography source images may promote tissue survival and functional gain in acute ischemic stroke patients who are candidates for endovascular recanalization treatment. METHODS: Of 5,558 acute stroke patients registered in a prospective clinical stroke registry, 104 met the selection criteria of endovascular recanalization treatment for internal cerebral artery or middle cerebral artery main-stem (M1) occlusions and presented for treatment ≤4 hours after the event...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164727/psychometric-properties-of-the-vanderbilt-adhd-diagnostic-rating-scale-completed-by-juvenile-corrections-staff
#10
Regina Bussing, Joseph C Gagnon, Cynthia W Garvan, Cecelia Ribuffo-Duggan, David Houchins
OBJECTIVE: This research tests the psychometric performance of the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale (VADTRS) completed by juvenile corrections (JC) staff. METHOD: With institutional review board (IRB) approval and appropriate consents/assents, data were collected from case managers ( n = 18), teachers ( n = 9), youth ( n = 261), and an administrative database. Separate psychometric analyses were conducted for case managers and teachers. RESULTS: For both respondent groups, 2-week retest reliability and internal consistency were high for all four VADTRS subscales, and confirmatory factor analysis suggested fit with previously reported VADTRS subscale structure...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160749/interrater-reliability-of-visually-evaluated-high-frequency-oscillations
#11
Aaron M Spring, Daniel J Pittman, Yahya Aghakhani, Jeffrey Jirsch, Neelan Pillay, Luis E Bello-Espinosa, Colin Josephson, Paolo Federico
OBJECTIVE: High frequency oscillations (HFOs) and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been shown to be markers of epileptogenic regions. However, there is currently no 'gold standard' for identifying HFOs. Accordingly, we aimed to formally characterize the interrater reliability of HFO markings to validate the current practices. METHODS: A morphology detector was implemented to detect events (candidate HFOs, lower-threshold events, and distractors) from the intracranial EEG (iEEG) of ten patients...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159351/standardized-evaluation-of-candidates-before-liver-transplantation-with-the-transplant-evaluation-rating-scale
#12
Yesim Erim, Jennifer Scheel, Mingo Beckmann, Christian-Georg Klein, Andreas Paul
BACKGROUND: The Transplant Evaluation Rating Scale (TERS) was developed to provide a standardized evaluation of the psychosocial functioning of patients, before transplantation. Yet, the first 2 items of the TERS are based on psychiatric diagnoses referring to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-III-R, which leads to a duplication of disorder-specific and symptom-specific contents, that makes it complex to rate. Moreover, the TERS has not been updated to DSM revisions and DSM is not used for the official clinical routine documentation in several European countries...
November 17, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153164/growth-changes-in-the-anterior-and-middle-cranial-bases-assessed-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-adolescents
#13
Mona Afrand, Heesoo Oh, Carlos Flores-Mir, Manuel O Lagravère-Vich
INTRODUCTION: Initially, cone-beam computed tomography images from dry skulls were used to 3 dimensionally evaluate intrarater and interrater reliabilities and accuracy of selected 3-dimensional landmarks located in the anterior and middle cranial bases. Thereafter, dimensional changes of the anterior and middle cranial bases with growth were evaluated by using the previously selected landmarks. METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography images of 10 dry skulls were used to identify useful landmarks from different areas of the anterior and middle cranial bases based on their reliability and accuracy...
February 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152161/assessment-of-dentally-related-function-in-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-the-dental-activities-test
#14
Xi Chen, Sheryl Zimmerman, Guy G Potter, Philip D Sloane, Lauren W Cohen, David Reed
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate the Dental Activities Test (DAT), a clinical tool for measuring dentally related function in cognitively impaired older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. SETTING: Three assisted living residences in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: Assisted living residents with normal to impaired cognition aged 50 and older; not blind, deaf, or severely physically disabled; and English speaking (N = 90)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151016/assessing-reflective-parenting-in-interaction-with-school-aged-children
#15
Karin Ensink, Annie Leroux, Lina Normandin, Marko Biberdzic, Peter Fonagy
The aim of this study was to examine whether it was possible to develop a reliable and valid assessment of reflective parenting implicit in interaction with school-aged children using an adaptation of the Squiggle paradigm developed by Winnicott ( 1968 ) and a manualized coding system (Normandin, Leroux, Ensink, Terradas, & Fonagy, 2015 ). A total of 158 mother-child dyads participated when children were age 5 to 12. Of this group, 89 children had experienced sexual abuse. Interrater reliability using the manualized coding system was excellent...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150969/-do-grown-ups-become-happy-when-they-drink-alcohol-expectancies-among-preschoolers
#16
Emmanuel Kuntsche
Despite ample evidence on risky drinking in adolescence and beyond, little is known about early alcohol-related precursors. The present study investigates whether preschool children are already familiar with the emotional changes that are likely to occur when people drink alcohol, that is, their alcohol expectancies. Based on the circumplex model of affect (CMA; Russell, 1980), expectancies (12 items for alcohol and 12 for soft drinks) were assessed using the Berkeley Puppet Interview (BPI; Measelle, Ablow, Cowan, & Cowan, 1998) among 198 3- to 6-year-olds (52...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149212/thumb-metacarpal-subsidence-after-partial-trapeziectomy-with-capsular-interposition-arthroplasty-a-biomechanical-study
#17
Christina Salas, Deana M Mercer, Gavin O'Mahony, James Love, Dukens LaBaze, Moheb S Moneim
Background: In a cadaveric model, we evaluated thumb metacarpal subsidence, indicated by a decreased metacarpal-to-scaphoid distance, after 2 surgical procedures used to treat thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) osteoarthritis (OA): partial trapeziectomy with capsular interposition (PTCI), which involves removal of 2 mm of both the distal trapezium and base of the metacarpal; and total trapeziectomy with capsular interposition (TTCI). Methods: Nine matched pairs of cadaveric hands were randomly assigned to undergo either PTCI or TTCI...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147418/electroencephalography-as-a-prognostic-tool-after-cardiac-arrest
#18
Erik Westhall
Multiple prognostic tools are used to evaluate prognosis for comatose survivors resuscitated after cardiac arrest (CA). Next to the clinical neurologic examination, electroencephalography (EEG) is the most commonly used method to assess prognosis. However, the reliability of EEG has been limited by varying classification systems, interrater variability, and the influence of sedation. Another important purpose of EEG is to evaluate clinical and subclinical seizures. The American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) recently proposed a standardized EEG terminology for critically ill patients suitable for use after CA...
February 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139274/examiner-characteristics-and-interrater-reliability-in-a-communication-osce
#19
Achim Mortsiefer, André Karger, Thomas Rotthoff, Bianca Raski, Michael Pentzek
OBJECTIVE: To identify inter-individual examiner factors associated with interrater reliability in a summative communication OSCE in the 4th study year. METHODS: The OSCE consists of 4 stations assessed with a 4-item 5-point global rating instrument. A bivariate secondary analysis of interrater reliability in relation to 4 examiner factors (gender, profession, OSCE experience, examiner training) was conducted. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated and compared between examiner dyads of different similarity...
January 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129296/precision-of-epithelial-defect-measurements
#20
Purak C Parikh, Nita G Valikodath, Christopher B Estopinal, Roni M Shtein, Alan Sugar, Leslie M Niziol, Maria A Woodward
PURPOSE: To ensure optimal care of patients, cornea specialists measure corneal features, including epithelial defects (ED), with slit-lamp calipers. However, caliper measurements are subject to interphysician variability. We examined the extent of variability in ED measurements between cornea specialists and discuss the potential clinical impact. METHODS: A total of 48 variably sized EDs were created in pig eyes. Three cornea specialists measured the maximum vertical and horizontal ED lengths to the nearest 10th of a millimeter using slit-lamp microscopy...
January 26, 2017: Cornea
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