Read by QxMD icon Read

shoulder kinematics

Kazuhisa Matsui, Takashi Tachibana, Katsuya Nobuhara, Yasushi Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: The glenohumeral joint is subjected to opposing forces when the direction of shoulder motion is changed, accelerating and decelerating to make the movements. The influence of motion velocity or acceleration on translation of the humeral head has not been evaluated although direction and distance of humeral head translation has been analyzed in real time in normal shoulders. We hypothesized that, in a normal shoulder, the humeral head does not deviate significantly or suddenly during active shoulder rotation regardless of motion velocity...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yoichi Kaizu, Hideomi Watanabe, Takehiko Yamaji
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to provide information regarding the knowledge of mechanical principles related to the load applied to the shoulder and elbow during the pitching motion. [Subjects and Methods] The three-dimensional kinematics of body segments were measured in 19 amateur baseball players with a VICON motion capture system. The correlation between maximum shoulder internal torque, maximum elbow varus torque, and simultaneous kinematic parameters including joint angular acceleration and ball acceleration was investigated...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Gregory J Tierney, Christopher Richter, Karl Denvir, Ciaran K Simms
There is mounting evidence of reduced long-term cognitive ability in rugby players, even in those without a reported history of concussion. The tackle height law is an area of controversy. However, little is known about the effects of repetitive inertial head loading in rugby. Furthermore, the magnitude and influencing factors for head kinematics are generally unknown. In this exploratory study, 45 multibody front-on shoulder tackles simulated with the MADYMO pedestrian model and 20 staged rugby tackles executed by professional rugby players in a marker-based 3D motion laboratory were used to assess the effect of tackle height on ball carrier head kinematics...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Marco Freddolini, Francesco Esposito, Leonardo Latella, Massimiliano Marcucci, Andrea Corvi
A crutch is prescribed to permit the patient to walk safely and independently immediately after total hip replacement (THR) surgery. Purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of the crutch setup on upper limbs biomechanics, including shoulder joint kinematics and kinetics parameters that will be evaluated to detect possible differences related to the crutch length. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to elbow flexed (EF) or elbow extended (EE) forearm crutch setup. Subjects were asked to walk on the laboratory path, instrumented with motion tracking system and force platforms...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Wen Wu, Justin Fong, Vincent Crocher, Peter V S Lee, Denny Oetomo, Ying Tan, David C Ackland
Robotic-assistive exoskeletons can enable frequent repetitive movements without the presence of a full-time therapist; however, human-machine interaction and the capacity of powered exoskeletons to attenuate shoulder muscle and joint loading is poorly understood. This study aimed to quantify shoulder muscle and joint force during assisted activities of daily living using a powered robotic upper limb exoskeleton (ArmeoPower, Hocoma). Six healthy male subjects performed abduction, flexion, horizontal flexion, reaching and nose touching activities...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Erica Kholinne, Rizki Fajar Zulkarnain, Yu Cheng Sun, SungJoon Lim, Jae-Myeung Chun, In-Ho Jeon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the functional role of each head of the triceps brachii muscle, depending on the angle of shoulder elevation, and to compare each muscle force and activity by using a virtual biomechanical simulator and surface electromyography. METHODS: Ten healthy participants (8 males and 2 females) were included in this study. The mean age was 29.2 years (23-45). Each participant performed elbow extension tasks in five different degrees (0, 45, 90, 135, and 180°) of shoulder elevation with three repetitions...
March 1, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Patricia Dayrell Neiva, Letícia Paiva Franco, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Helena Gonçalves Becker
The clinical decision for surgical treatment of children diagnosed with mouth breathing depends on the percentage of mechanical obstruction correlated with exacerbation of upper respiratory tract infections and systemic changes. The benefits of adenotonsillectomy include changes in the nasopharyngeal space, the mandibular plane and myofunctional alterations. Post-adenotonsilectomy postural benefits have not yet been described. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the kinematics of the shoulder girdle, cervical and thoracic spine in children with mouth breathing before and after adenotonsillectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ji Chen, Peter S Lum
BACKGROUND: Robotic devices for neurorehabilitation of movement impairments in persons with stroke have been studied extensively. However, the vast majority of these devices only allow practice of stereotyped components of simulated functional tasks in the clinic. Previously we developed SpringWear, a wearable, spring operated, upper extremity exoskeleton capable of assisting movements during real-life functional activities, potentially in the home. SpringWear assists shoulder flexion, elbow extension and forearm supination/pronation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau, Roger Burnett
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed thoracic and lumbar spine responses with "in position" and OOP (out-of-position) seated dummies in 40.2 km/h (25 mph) rear sled tests with conventional and ABTS (all belts to seat) seats. Occupant kinematics and spinal responses were determined with modern (≥2000 MY), older (<2000 MY) and ABTS seats. METHODS: The seats were fixed in a sled buck subjected to a 40.2 km/h (25 mph) rear sled test. The pulse was a 15 g double-peak acceleration with 150 ms duration...
March 1, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Hillary A Plummer, Gretchen D Oliver, Christopher M Powers, Lori A Michener
Background: Impaired trunk motion during pitching may be a risk factor for upper extremity injuries. Specifically, increased forces about the shoulder and elbow have been observed in pitchers with excessive contralateral trunk lean during pitching. Because of the difficulty in identifying abnormal trunk motions during a high-speed task such as pitching, a clinical screening test is needed to identify pitchers who have impaired trunk motion during pitching. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the degree of lateral trunk lean during the single-leg squat and amount of trunk lean during pitching and if trunk lean during pitching can be predicted from lean during the single-leg squat...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Jun Umehara, Ken Kusano, Masatoshi Nakamura, Katsuyuki Morishita, Satoru Nishishita, Hiroki Tanaka, Itsuroh Shimizu, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Although the serratus anterior muscle has an important role in scapular movement, no study to date has investigated the effect of serratus anterior fatigue on scapular kinematics and shoulder muscle activity. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of serratus anterior fatigue on scapular movement and shoulder muscle activity. METHODS: The study participants were 16 healthy men. Electrical muscle stimulation was used to fatigue the serratus anterior muscle...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Joseph D Mozingo, Mohsen Akbari Shandiz, Felicia M Marquez, Beth A Schueler, David R Holmes, Cynthia H McCollough, Kristin D Zhao
Model-based tracking, using CT and biplane fluoroscopy, allows highly accurate quantification of glenohumeral motion and changes in the subacromial space. Previous investigators have used custom-built biplane fluoroscopes designed specifically for kinematic applications, which are available at few institutions and require FDA approval prior to clinical use. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utility of an off-the-shelf clinical biplane fluoroscope for kinematic applications by validating model-based tracking for measurement of glenohumeral motion using an unmodified clinical system...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Arturo Bertomeu-Motos, Andrea Blanco, Francisco J Badesa, Juan A Barios, Loredana Zollo, Nicolas Garcia-Aracil
BACKGROUND: End-effector robots are commonly used in robot-assisted neuro-rehabilitation therapies for upper limbs where the patient's hand can be easily attached to a splint. Nevertheless, they are not able to estimate and control the kinematic configuration of the upper limb during the therapy. However, the Range of Motion (ROM) together with the clinical assessment scales offers a comprehensive assessment to the therapist. Our aim is to present a robust and stable kinematic reconstruction algorithm to accurately measure the upper limb joints using only an accelerometer placed onto the upper arm...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Eugene Kim, Seunghee Lee, Hwa-Jae Jeong, Jai Hyung Park, Se-Jin Park, Jaewook Lee, Woosub Kim, Hee Jin Park, So Yeon Lee, Tsuyoshi Murase, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Sumika Ikemoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyze the 3-dimensional scapular dyskinesis and the kinematics of a hook plate relative to the acromion after hook-plated acromioclavicular dislocation in vivo. Reported complications of acromioclavicular reduction using a hook plate include subacromial erosion and impingement. However, there are few reports of the 3-dimensional kinematics of the hook and scapula after the aforementioned surgical procedure. METHODS: We studied 15 cases of acromioclavicular dislocation treated with a hook plate and 15 contralateral normal shoulders using computed tomography in the neutral and full forward flexion positions...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Mina Baniasad, Farzam Farahmand, Mokhtar Arazpour, Hassan Zohoor
Background and Purpose: Understanding the role and significance of trunk and upper extremity muscles in paraplegic gait can help in designing more effective assistive devices for these patients and also provides valuable information for improving muscle strengthening programs. Methods: In a patient with a spinal cord injury (SCI) who could walk independently (rating scale of ambulatory capacity, 9) with the aid of bilateral ankle-foot orthosis and a walker, the kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activities of 16 muscles from the trunk and upper and lower extremities were recorded during gait...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Adeline Cambon-Binder, Lynda Preure, Heba Dubert-Khalifa, Pierre-Sylvain Marcheix, Zoubir Belkheyar
Spinal accessory nerve grafting requires identification of both nerve stumps in the scar tissue, which is sometimes difficult. We propose a direct nerve transfer using a fascicle from the posterior division of the upper trunk. We retrospectively reviewed 11 patients with trapezius palsy due to an iatrogenic injury of the spinal accessory nerve in nine cases. The mean age was 38 years (range 21-59). Preoperatively, patients showed shoulder weakness and limited range of motion. At a mean follow-up of 25 months, active shoulder abduction improvement averaged 57°...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Daniel W Geiger, Dennis L Eggett, Steven K Charles
BACKGROUND: Despite the pervasive and devastating effect of Essential Tremor (ET), the distribution of ET throughout the upper limb is unknown. We developed a method for characterizing the distribution of ET and performed a preliminary characterization in a small number of subjects with ET. METHODS: Using orientation sensors and inverse kinematics, we measured tremor in each of the seven major degrees of freedom (DOF) from the shoulder to the wrist while ten patients with mild ET assumed 16 different postures...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Maxime T Robert, Mindy F Levin
AIM: To compare three reaching movements made in two planes between a low-cost, game-based virtual reality and a matched physical environment in typically developing children and children with cerebral palsy (CP). To determine if differences in kinematics are related to sensory deficits. METHOD: An observational study in which 27 children (typically developing, n=17, mean age 13y, [SD] 2y 2mo, range 9y 3mo-17y 2mo; CP, n=10, mean age 13y 8mo, [SD] 1y 8mo, range 11y 1mo-17y 1mo, Manual Ability Classification System levels I-II) performed 15 trials of three gestures in each of a virtual reality and a matched physical environment...
February 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Caecilia Charbonnier, Sylvain Chagué, Bart Kevelham, Delphine Preissmann, Frank C Kolo, Olivier Rime, Alexandre Lädermann
PURPOSE: We present a computer-assisted planning solution "ArthroPlanner" for acromioplasty based on 3D anatomical models, computed tomography and joint kinematic simulations. METHODS: In addition to a standard static clinical evaluation (anamnesis, radiological examination), the software provides a dynamic assessment of the shoulder joint by computing in real time the joint kinematics from a database of activities of daily living. During motion, the precise bone resection (location and amount) is computed based on detected subacromial impingements, providing surgeons with precise information about the surgical procedure...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Nicholas J Clark, Bassem T Elhassan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to describe the tendon transfer options for treating irreparable rotator cuff tears (RCTs). Options for transfer include latissimus dorsi and lower trapezius transfers for posterior-superior RCTs and pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi transfer for anterior-superior RCTs. RECENT FINDINGS: While the latissimus dorsi tendon transfer has historically been performed for posterosuperior RCTs, the lower trapezius transfer is a more anatomic option and has demonstrated promising results in recent studies...
February 6, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"