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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651417/-influences-of-different-rehabilitative-methods-on-function-of-hands-and-psychological-anxiety-of-patients-with-deeply-burned-hands-retaining-denatured-dermis-and-grafting-large-autologous-skin
#1
H Peng, P F Liang, A Wang, L Q Yue
Objective: To investigate influences of different rehabilitative methods on function of hands and psychological anxiety of patients with deeply burned hands retaining denatured dermis and grafting large autologous skin. Methods: Forty-four patients with deeply burned hands, conforming to the study criteria were admitted to Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to June 2015. Patients were divided into propaganda education rehabilitation group (PER, n=23) and specially-assigned person rehabilitation group (SAPR, n=21) according to the random number table and patients' willingness...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641738/shoulder-proprioception-how-is-it-measured-and-is-it-reliable-a-systematic-review
#2
Amanda L Ager, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Marianne Roos, Amélie Fournier Belley, Ann Cools, Luc J Hébert
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Constituents of proprioception include our awareness of the position (joint position sense [JPS]) and motion (kinesthesia) of our limbs in space. Proprioceptive deficits are associated with musculoskeletal disorders but remain a challenge to quantify, particularly at the shoulder. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To report the psychometric values of validity, reliability, and responsiveness for shoulder JPS and/or kinesthesia protocols...
April 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640926/clinimetric-properties-of-hip-abduction-strength-measurements-obtained-using-a-handheld-dynamometer-in-individuals-with-a-lower-extremity-amputation
#3
Ruud A Leijendekkers, Gerben van Hinte, Amy D Sman, J Bart Staal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Thomas J Hoogeboom
INTRODUCTION: Suitable handheld dynamometer (HHD)-techniques to test hip abduction strength in individuals with a lower extremity amputation, irrespective of their amputation level are absent. The aim of this study was to optimise a HHD-technique and to test its reproducibility and validity. METHODS: This study involved three phases, in which two techniques were evaluated. Both HHD-techniques used a lever-arm of 22 centimetre. HHD-technique 1 used a break-technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640771/comparison-of-jamar-and-bodygrip-dynamometers-for-handgrip-strength-measurement
#4
Rita S Guerra, Teresa F Amaral, Ana S Sousa, Isabel Fonseca, Fernando Pichel, Maria T Restivo
Guerra, RS, Amaral, TF, Sousa, AS, Fonseca, I, Pichel, F, and Restivo, MT. Comparison of Jamar and Bodygrip dynamometers for handgrip strength measurement. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1931-1940, 2017-Studies that compared the agreement between Jamar and other models of dynamometers for handgrip strength (HGS) measurement have exhibited variability in the provided results. The lack of comparability between dynamometers led to the development of the Bodygrip dynamometer. This study aims to examine the reliability of the Bodygrip for HGS measurement, to compare it with the Jamar, and to explore the HGS differences between instruments considering the ergonomic effect of using the Bodygrip with 2 different handles...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638612/assessment-of-physical-performance-and-quality-of-life-in-kidney-transplanted-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Pasquale Esposito, Francesco Furini, Teresa Rampino, Marilena Gregorini, Lucia Petrucci, Catherine Klersy, Antonio Dal Canton, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Information on physical and mental wellness in renal transplantation is limited. Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate and describe the different components of physical performance and quality of life (QoL) in a cohort of kidney-transplanted patients. METHODS: Physical performance and QoL were determined through the administration of validated tests and questionnaires [muscle strength, dynamometer handgrip, tactile sensitivity, visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey]...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634547/kinesiophobia-pain-muscle-functions-and-functional-performances-among-older-persons-with-low-back-pain
#6
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
OBJECTIVES: This study aims (1) to determine the association between kinesiophobia and pain, muscle functions, and functional performances and (2) to determine whether kinesiophobia predicts pain, muscle functions, and functional performance among older persons with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This is a correlational study, involving 63 institutionalized older persons (age = 70.98 ± 7.90 years) diagnosed with LBP. Anthropometric characteristics (BMI) and functional performances (lower limb function, balance and mobility, and hand grip strength) were measured...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624851/acute-effects-of-constant-torque-and-constant-angle-stretching-on-the-muscle-and-tendon-tissue-properties
#7
Andreas Konrad, Francesco Budini, Markus Tilp
PURPOSE: Static stretching induces acute structural changes of the muscle-tendon unit (MTU) that are related to the intensity or duration of stretching. It has been reported that stretching with a constant torque (CT) leads to greater joint range of motion changes than stretching with a constant angle (CA). Whether or not this difference is due to different structural changes of the MTUs of the lower leg and ankle plantar flexors is not known. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of single CA and CT stretching on various muscle and tendon mechanical properties...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617061/cancer-related-fatigue-and-muscle-quality-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#8
Filipe Dinato de Lima, Martim Bottaro, Ritielli de Oliveira Valeriano, Lorena Cruz, Claudio L Battaglini, Carlos Alexandre Vieira, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to compare fatigue, strength, body composition, muscle thickness, and muscle quality between Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (HLS) and apparently healthy subjects matched by age, gender, and physical activity levels (CON). Twelve HLS (32.16 ± 8.06) and 36 CON (32.42 ± 7.64) were enrolled in the study. Fatigue was assessed using the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, muscle strength using an isokinetic dynamometer, body composition using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and thickness and muscle quality using B-mode ultrasound...
June 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610474/trunk-function-and-ischial-pressure-offloading-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Sharon Gabison, Sunita Mathur, Ethne L Nussbaum, Milos R Popovic, Mary C Verrier
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between trunk function and offloading of the ischial tuberosities in individuals with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional evaluation. SETTING: Sub-acute rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen non-ambulatory participants with complete or incomplete traumatic and non-traumatic SCI, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS), Classification A-D...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609641/flexibility-training-and-the-repeated-bout-effect-priming-interventions-prior-to-eccentric-training-of-the-knee-flexors
#10
Andrew W Leslie, Joel L Lanovaz, Justin W Andrushko, Jonathan P Farthing
Both the repeated bout effect and increased flexibility have been linked to reduced muscle damage, fatigue and strength loss after intense eccentric exercise. Our purpose was to compare the eccentric training (ECC) response after first priming the muscles with either static flexibility training or a single intense bout of eccentric exercise. Twenty-five participants were randomly assigned to flexibility training (F;n=8; 3x/week; 30 min/day), a single-bout of intense eccentric exercise (SB;n=9), or no intervention (control [C];n=8) during a 4-week priming phase, prior to completing a subsequent 4-week period of eccentric training of the knee flexors...
June 13, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605314/the-validity-and-reliability-of-knee-proprioception-measurement-performed-with-inclinometer-in-different-positions
#11
Sinem Suner-Keklik, Gamze Cobanoglu-Seven, Nihan Kafa, Mustafa Ugurlu, Nevin Atalay Guzel
CONTEXT: Proprioception is the basic element of the spontaneous control of movement, balance and joint stability. Therefore, it is necessary for the execution of walking and daily and sport activities. Loss of proprioception of the knee, which may cause a new injury, is important to evaluate the position sense of the joint during the rehabilitation period. However, the evaluation methods that are used are very expensive, complicated and non-portable, or the measuring method is difficult to implement...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605261/criterion-and-construct-validity-of-an-isometric-mid-thigh-pull-dynamometer-for-assessing-whole-body-strength-in-professional-rugby-league-players
#12
Nick Dobbin, Richard Hunwicks, Ben Jones, Kevin Till, Jamie Highton, Craig Twist
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the criterion and construct validity of an isometric mid-thigh pull dynamometer to assess whole body strength in professional rugby league players. METHODS: Fifty-six male rugby league players, (33 senior and 23 youth professional players) performed four isometric mid-thigh pull efforts (i.e. two on the dynamometer and two on the force platform) in a randomised and counterbalanced order. RESULTS: Isometric peak force was underestimated (P<0...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601489/is-the-subscapularis-normal-after-the-open-latarjet-procedure-an-isokinetic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation
#13
Alexandre Caubère, Damien Lami, Pascal Boileau, Sébastien Parratte, Matthieu Ollivier, Jean-Noël Argenson
BACKGROUND: The Latarjet procedure is considered to be a violation of the subscapularis muscle. This study evaluated the postoperative status of the subscapularis through isokinetic and magnetic resonance imaging analysis after splitting. We hypothesized that compared with a healthy contralateral shoulder, there would be satisfactory recovery of subscapularis strength at the cost of some fatigability and some mild fatty infiltration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control retrospective study of patients who underwent a Latarjet procedure between January 2013 and January 2015...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598910/power-training-induced-increases-in-muscle-activation-during-gait-in-old-adults
#14
Chantal M I Beijersbergen, Urs Granacher, Martijn Gäbler, Paul DeVita, Tibor Hortobágyi
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Aging modifies neuromuscular activation of agonist and antagonist muscles during walking. Power training can evoke adaptations in neuromuscular activation that underlie gains in muscle strength and power but it is unknown if these adaptations transfer to dynamic tasks such as walking. We examined the effects of lower extremity power training on neuromuscular activation during level gait in old adults. METHODS: Twelve community dwelling old adults (age ≥ 65 years) completed a 10-week lower extremity power-training program and thirteen old adults completed a 10-week control period...
June 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595868/impaired-hip-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome
#15
Signe Kierkegaard, Inger Mechlenburg, Bent Lund, Kjeld Søballe, Ulrik Dalgas
OBJECTIVES: Patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) experience hip pain as well as decreased function and lowered quality of life. The aim was to compare maximal isometric and isokinetic muscle strength (MVC) during hip flexion and extension and rate of force development (RFD) during extension between patients with FAI and a matched reference group. Secondary, the aim was to compare patient hips and subgroups defined by gender and age as well as to investigate associations between hip muscle strength and self-reported outcomes...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593088/the-associations-between-hip-strength-and-hip-kinematics-during-a-single-leg-hop-in-recreational-athletes-post-acl-reconstruction-compared-to-healthy-controls
#16
Jeremiah Tate, Tell Suckut, Jensen Wages, Heather Lyles, Benjamin Perrin
BACKGROUND: Only a small amount of evidence exists linking hip abductor weakness to dynamic knee valgus during static and dynamic activities. The associations of hip extensor strength and hip kinematics during the landing of a single leg hop are not known. Purpose: To determine if relationships exist between hip extensor and abductor strength and hip kinematics in both involved and uninvolved limb during the landing phase of a single leg hop in recreational athletes post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593084/strength-profiles-in-healthy-individuals-with-and-without-scapular-dyskinesis
#17
Daniel C Hannah, Jason S Scibek, Christopher R Carcia
BACKGROUND: Muscular weakness of the shoulder complex is commonly found in patients presenting with scapular dyskinesis; however, little is known regarding muscular performance in healthy individuals with scapular dyskinesis. PURPOSE: To compare isometric strength measures of the shoulder complex between healthy individuals with and without scapular dyskinesis. It was hypothesized that healthy individuals with scapular dyskinesis would demonstrate decreased isometric strength of the scapular stabilizers and rotator cuff when compared to healthy individuals without scapular dyskinesis...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591338/muscle-strength-and-body-composition-in-severe-obesity
#18
Alexandre Vieira Gadducci, Roberto de Cleva, Gabriela Correia de Faria Santarém, Paulo Roberto Santos Silva, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Marco Aurélio Santo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations between maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs and body composition for subjects with severe obesity. METHODS: Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and maximum voluntary contraction torques of the lower limbs were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. One hundred thirty-two patients were enrolled (100 females and 32 males). Eighty-seven patients had a body mass index between 40 and 49...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588897/a-physical-fitness-profile-of-state-highway-patrol-officers-by-gender-and-age
#19
J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Richard R Flores, Robert G Lockie, Charlie Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population. METHODS: Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585006/studies-on-piston-bowl-geometries-using-single-blend-ratio-of-various-non-edible-oils
#20
Karthickeyan Viswanathan, Balamurugan Pasupathy
The depletion of fossil fuels and hike in crude oil prices were some of the main reasons to explore new alternatives from renewable source of energy. This work presents the impact of various bowl geometries on diesel engine with diesel and biodiesel samples. Three non-edible oils were selected, namely pumpkin seed oil, orange oil and neem oil. These oils were converted into respective biodiesel using transesterification process in the presence of catalyst and alcohol. After transesterification process, the oils were termed as pumpkin seed oil methyl ester (PSOME), orange oil methyl ester (OME) and neem oil methyl ester (NOME), respectively...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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