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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812052/the-superior-labial-frenulum-in-newborns-what-is-normal
#1
Chloe Santa Maria, Janelle Aby, Mai Thy Trong, Yogita Thakur, Sharon Rea, Anna Messner
Introduction and Objectives: There has been an emergence of procedures to release the superior labial frenula in infants, yet little is known about the normal appearance or incidence of severe attachment, or "lip-tie." The objective of this article was to develop a classification system for superior labial frenula and to estimate the incidence of different degrees of attachment. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study. Newborns were examined and had photographs taken of their upper frenula. Relevant medical professionals rated the appearance of the labial frenula using a previously described Kotlow classification system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808753/segmental-torsion-assessment-is-a-reliable-method-for-in-depth-analysis-of-femoral-alignment-in-computer-tomography
#2
Peter Wilhelm Ferlic, Armin Runer, Christopher Seeber, Maria Thöni, Gerd Seitlinger, Michael Christian Liebensteiner
PURPOSE: De-rotational osteotomies are indicated in patients with pathologic femoral torsion. However, there is disagreement whether an osteotomy should be performed proximally or distally. Conventionally only the total torsion is measured, which does not allow differentiation between a torsional deformity located in the proximal or distal metaphysis or the diaphysis. The aim of this study is to validate a new multi-level measurement protocol for evaluation of the magnitude of torsion of the respective femoral segments in CT...
August 14, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808192/classification-of-facial-wrinkles-among-chinese-women
#3
Jiechen Zhang, Wei Hou, Suying Feng, Xiangsheng Chen, Hongwei Wang
It is generally recognized that Caucasians and Asians have different skin aging features. The aim of this study was to develop a facial wrinkle grading scale for Chinese women. Standard photographs were taken of 242 Chinese women. Six sets of 0 to 9 wrinkle scales with reference photographs and descriptions were selected, including grading scales for resting and hyperkinetic crow's feet, frontalis lines, glabellar frown lines, and nasolabial folds. To identify the scale by objective quantitative measurement, skin surface measurements from the Visioscan(®) VC98 were used...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802787/reliability-and-validity-of-speech-evaluation-in-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#4
Saori Yanagida, Noriko Nishizawa, Ryusaku Hashimoto, Kenji Mizoguchi, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Akihiro Homma, Satoshi Fukuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate speech in patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) by perceptual evaluations and acoustic measures, and to examine the reliability and validity of these measures. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with ADSD and 24 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Speech materials consisted of three sentences constructed from serial voiced syllables to elicit abductor voice breaks. Three otolaryngologists rated the degree of voice symptoms using a visual analog scale (VAS)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802364/the-reliability-of-flexible-nasolaryngoscopy-in-the-identification-of-vocal-fold-movement-impairment-in-young-infants
#5
Yi-Chun Carol Liu, Tyler McElwee, Mary Musso, Tara L Rosenberg, Julina Ongkasuwan
OBJECTIVE: Flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) is considered the gold standard for evaluation of vocal fold mobility but there has been no data on the reliability of interpretation in the infant population. Visualization may be limited by excessive movement, secretions, or floppy supraglottic structures that prevent accurate diagnosis of vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI). We sought to evaluate the inter- and intra-rater reliability of FNL for the evaluation of VFMI in young infants. STUDY TYPE: Case-control...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792959/objective-assessment-of-leg-edema-using-ultrasonography-with-a-gel-pad
#6
Terumi Iuchi, Masato Kobayashi, Sayumi Tsuchiya, Naoki Ohno, Misako Dai, Masaru Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Ogai, Aya Sato, Takuto Sawazaki, Tosiaki Miyati, Shinobu Tanaka, Junko Sugama
Ultrasonography (US) is useful for visual detection of edematous tissues to assess subcutaneous echogenicity. However, visualization of subcutaneous echogenicity is interpreted differently among operators because the evaluation is subjective and individual operators have unique knowledge. This study objectively assessed leg edema using US with a gel pad including fat for normalization of echogenicity in subcutaneous tissue. Five younger adults and four elderly people with leg edema were recruited. We compared assessments of US and limb circumference before and after the intervention of vibration to decrease edema in younger adults, and edema prior to going to sleep and reduced edema in the early morning in elderly people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791500/correlation-of-volumetric-growth-and-histological-grade-in-50-meningiomas
#7
Wai Cheong Soon, Daniel M Fountain, Kacper Koczyk, Mutwakil Abdulla, Sachin Giri, Kieren Allinson, Tomasz Matys, Mathew R Guilfoyle, Ramez W Kirollos, Thomas Santarius
INTRODUCTION: Advances in radiological imaging techniques have enabled volumetric measurements of meningiomas to be easily monitored using serial imaging scans. There is limited literature on the relationship between tumour growth rates and the WHO classification of meningiomas despite tumour growth being a major determinant of type and timing of intervention. Volumetric growth has been successfully used to assess growth of low-grade glioma; however, there is limited information on the volumetric growth rate (VGR) of meningiomas...
August 9, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777683/inclinometric-measurement-of-kyphotic-curvature-description-and-clinimetric-properties
#8
Laurie Devaney, Richard Bohannon, Jon Rizzo, Maryclaire Capetta, Jeremy Vigneault, Katherine Van Deveire
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is associated with physical impairments, activity limitations, and reduced quality of life. Therefore, a simple, reliable, responsive, and valid clinical measure of dorsal kyphosis would be valuable to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel procedure for measuring kyphotic curvature-the inclinometric kyphosis measure (IKM)-and provide an estimation of reliability, responsiveness, and validity. METHODS: During 2 sessions spaced days apart, we used a bubble inclinometer to measure dorsal kyphosis in 68 patients receiving outpatient physical therapy...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777248/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-athletic-ability-assessment-in-sub-elite-australian-rules-football-players
#9
Daniel K Rogers, Ian McKeown, Gaynor Parfitt, Darren Burgess, Roger G Eston
The aim of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-rater rater reliability of the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA) in sub-elite Australian Rules football (ARF) players. Eighteen male ARF players completed the AAA movement assessment (overhead squat, double lunge [left and right], single leg Romanian deadlift [left and right], chin-up and push-up), on two occasions separated by one week. During the first movement assessment players were filmed in the frontal and sagittal planes. Ten raters took part in the study (one experienced rater and nine novices) and were assigned in a quasi-random manner, to complete either (a) real-time assessment on two occasions, (b) real-time assessment on one occasion or (c) video-based assessment on two occasions...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772349/the-effects-of-multiple-anesthetic-episodes-on-equine-recovery-quality
#10
J P Platt, B T Simon, M Coleman, E A Martinez, M A Lepiz, A E Watts
BACKGROUND: Although rare, 70% of equine fatalities during recovery from general anaesthesia (GA) are due to catastrophic fractures from poor recovery quality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of repeated GA recovery on GA recovery quality. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental blinded trial. METHODS: Eight adult horses underwent six GA events on sevoflurane for distal limb MRI examination over a 14-week period. Prior to GA recovery, xylazine was administered...
August 3, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768511/german-dentists-websites-on-periodontitis-have-low-quality-of-information
#11
Falk Schwendicke, Jörg Stange, Claudia Stange, Christian Graetz
BACKGROUND: The internet is an increasingly relevant source of health information. We aimed to assess the quality of German dentists' websites on periodontitis, hypothesizing that it was significantly associated with a number of practice-specific parameters. METHODS: We searched four electronic search engines and included pages which were freely accessible, posted by a dental practice in Germany, and mentioned periodontal disease/therapy. Websites were assessed for (1) technical and functional aspects, (2) generic quality and risk of bias, (3) disease-specific information...
August 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765826/validity-and-reliability-of-grade-scoring-in-the-diagnosis-of-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#12
Emil Schwarz Walsted, James H Hull, Jeppe Hvedstrup, Robert Christiaan Maat, Vibeke Backer
The current gold-standard method for diagnosing exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is continuous laryngoscopy during exercise (CLE), with severity classified by a visual grade scoring system. We evaluated the precision of this approach, by evaluating test-retest reliability of CLE and both inter- and intra-rater variability. In this prospective case-control study, subjects completed four consecutive treadmill CLE tests under identical conditions. Laryngoscopic video recordings were anonymised and graded by three expert raters...
July 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765146/reliability-of-cyclotorsion-measurements-using-scanning-laser-ophthalmoscopy-imaging-in-healthy-subjects-the-cyslo-study
#13
Fabian Lengwiler, Daniel Rappoport, Gregor P Jaggi, Klara Landau, Ghislaine L Traber
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of objective cyclotorsion measurements obtained in healthy subjects using the Heidelberg Spectralis spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device. METHODS: In this prospective methodological study, 32 healthy subjects (14 men, 18 women; aged 21-64 years) were enrolled, 31 right eyes were examined and their foveo-papillary angles (FPAs) were measured. The retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) programme by Heidelberg Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) was used to measure cyclotorsion based on the in-built algorithm for the measurement of the FPA on the scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) image...
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762365/reliability-and-validity-of-the-yoruba-version-of-the-oswestry-disability-index
#14
Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Ashiyat Kehinde Akodu, Eniolorunda Olajide Agbede
CONTEXT: Low back pain (LBP) is a major cause of disability, and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is a validated assessment tool for evaluating disability in LBP patients. Cross-cultural adaptation of the ODI is important because not all populations are proficient in English. The Yoruba language is an indigenous language spoken by 40 million people in the Western part of Nigeria and some countries in West Africa and Latin America. Currently, no validated Yoruba version of ODI is available...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760533/reliability-of-eus-indices-to-detect-inflammation-in-ulcerative-colitis
#15
B M Yan, B Feagan, A Teriaky, M Mosli, R Mohamed, G S Williams, E Yeung, E Yong, A Haig, M Sey, L Stitt, G Y Zou, V Jairath
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: EUS is a potentially useful modality to assess severity of inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC). We assessed the reliability of existing EUS indices and correlated them with endoscopic and histologic scores. METHODS: Four blinded endosonographers assessed 58 endoscopic and EUS videos in triplicate, from patients with UC. Intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Hyperemia and Tsuga scores were estimated using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs)...
July 28, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760409/development-and-reliability-of-a-user-friendly-multicenter-phenotyping-application-for-hemorrhagic-and-ischemic-stroke
#16
Mayowa Owolabi, Godwin Ogbole, Rufus Akinyemi, Kehinde Salaam, Onoja Akpa, Pattanasak Mongkolwat, Adeleye Omisore, Atinuke Agunloye, Richard Efidi, Joseph Odo, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Albert Akpalu, Fred Sarfo, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Kolawole Wahab, Emmanuel Sanya, Philip Adebayo, Morenikeji Komolafe, Abiodun Moshood Adeoye, Joshua Akinyemi, Godwin Osaigbovo, Taofiki Sunmonu, Paul Olowoyo, Innocent Chukwuonye, Yahaya Obiabo, Philip Ibinaiye, Abdul Dambatta, Yaw Mensah, Salaam Abdul, Eunice Olabinri, Joyce Ikubor, Olalekan Oyinloye, Femi Odunlami, Ezinne Melikam, Raelle Saulson, Philip Kolo, Adesola Ogunniyi, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Annotation and Image Markup on ClearCanvas Enriched Stroke-phenotyping Software (ACCESS) is a novel stand-alone computer software application that allows the creation of simple standardized annotations for reporting brain images of all stroke types. We developed the ACCESS application and determined its inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in the Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Network (SIREN) study to assess its suitability for multicenter studies. METHODS: One hundred randomly selected stroke imaging reports from 5 SIREN sites were re-evaluated by 4 trained independent raters to determine the inter-rater reliability of the ACCESS (version 12...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758613/developing-measures-of-food-and-nutrition-security-within-an-australian-context
#17
Claire Archer, Danielle Gallegos, Rebecca McKechnie
OBJECTIVE: To develop a measure of food and nutrition security for use among an Australian population that measures all pillars of food security and to establish its content validity. DESIGN: The study consisted of two phases. Phase 1 involved focus groups with experts working in the area of food security. Data were assessed using content analysis and results informed the development of a draft tool. Phase 2 consisted of a series of three online surveys using the Delphi technique...
July 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758073/the-korean-version-of-the-cognitive-assessment-scale-for-stroke-patients-k-casp-a-reliability-and-validity-study
#18
Kwon-Hee Park, Hee-Won Lee, Kee-Boem Park, Jin-Youn Lee, Ah-Ra Cho, Hyun-Mi Oh, Joo Hyun Park
OBJECTIVE: To develop the Korean version of the Cognitive Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (K-CASP) and to evaluate the test reliability and validity of the K-CASP in stroke patients. METHODS: The original CASP was translated into Korean, back-translated into English, then reviewed and compared with the original version. Thirty-three stroke patients were assessed independently by two examiners using the K-CASP twice, with a one-day interval, for a total of four test results...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752266/accuracy-of-a-laryngopharyngeal-endoscopic-esthesiometer-lpeer-for-evaluating-laryngopharyngeal-mechanosensitivity-a-validation-study-in-a-prospectively-recruited-cohort-of-patients
#19
Luis F Giraldo-Cadavid, Javier Burguete, Felipe Rueda, Ana M Galvis, Natalia Castaneda, Mario Arbulu, Jorge I Balaguera, Nelson Paez, Secundino Fernandez
Recent studies have shown an association between alterations in laryngopharyngeal mechanosensitivity (LPMS) and dysphagia, obstructive sleep apnea, and chronic cough hypersensitivity syndrome. A previous reliability study of a new laryngopharyngeal endoscopic esthesiometer and rangefinder (LPEER) showed high intra- and inter-rater reliability; however, its accuracy has not been tested. We performed an accuracy study of the LPEER in a prospectively and consecutively recruited cohort of 118 patients at two tertiary care university hospitals...
July 27, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750994/inter-rater-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-a-movement-control-test-in-shoulder
#20
S Rajasekar, Rakshith K Bangera, Padmanaban Sekaran
BACKGROUND: Movement faults are commonly observed in patients with musculoskeletal pain. The Kinetic Medial Rotation Test (KMRT) is a movement control test used to identify movement faults of the scapula and gleno-humeral joints during arm movement. Objective tests such as the KMRT need to be reliable and valid for the results to be applied across different clinical settings and patient populations. The primary objective of the present study was to determine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of KMRT in subjects with and without shoulder pain...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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