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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212963/clinician-reported-outcome-assessments-of-treatment-benefit-report-of-the-ispor-clinical-outcome-assessment-emerging-good-practices-task-force
#1
John H Powers, Donald L Patrick, Marc K Walton, Patrick Marquis, Stefan Cano, Jeremy Hobart, Maria Isaac, Spiros Vamvakas, Ashley Slagle, Elizabeth Molsen, Laurie B Burke
A clinician-reported outcome (ClinRO) assessment is a type of clinical outcome assessment (COA). ClinRO assessments, like all COAs (patient-reported, observer-reported, or performance outcome assessments), are used to 1) measure patients' health status and 2) define end points that can be interpreted as treatment benefits of medical interventions on how patients feel, function, or survive in clinical trials. Like other COAs, ClinRO assessments can be influenced by human choices, judgment, or motivation. A ClinRO assessment is conducted and reported by a trained health care professional and requires specialized professional training to evaluate the patient's health status...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210346/mental-toughness-in-talented-youth-tennis-players-a-comparison-between-on-court-observations-and-a-self-reported-measure
#2
Ruben Houwer, Tamara Kramer, Ruud den Hartigh, Nikki Kolman, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Barbara Huijgen
In tennis, mental toughness is often considered highly important in achieving the elite level. The current study is the first to examine behavioural expressions of mental toughness on the court and their relationships with self-reported measures. Based on the input of five experienced tennis coaches of junior tennis players and behaviours used in previous studies, we developed a taxonomy consisting of six positive behaviours and ten negative ones. To investigate the relationship between these on-court behaviours of mental toughness and how the players rated their own mental toughness, emotional control in particular, six talented tennis players (aged 10-13) were recorded during tennis matches and filled out the self-reported measure of mental toughness (MTQ48)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209508/systematic-review-of-measures-of-impairment-and-activity-limitation-for-person-with-upper-limb-trauma-and-amputation
#3
REVIEW
Linda Resnik, Matt Borgia, Ben Silver, Jill Cancio
OBJECTIVE: Study purposes were to 1) identify outcome measures used in studies of persons with traumatic upper limb injury and/or amputation and 2) evaluate focus, content and psychometric properties of each measure. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms including upper extremity, function, activities of daily living, outcome assessment, amputation and traumatic injuries. STUDY SELECTION: Included articles had a sample of ≥10 adults with limb trauma or amputation, and were in English...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#4
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198659/intra-and-inter-rater-reliabilities-of-measurement-of-ultrasound-imaging-for-muscle-thickness-and-pennation-angle-of-tibialis-anterior-muscle-in-stroke-patients
#5
Ki Hun Cho, Hwang Jae Lee, Wan Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of skeletal muscle has been commonly reported in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of measurement of ultrasound imaging (USI) for pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness (MT) of tibialis anterior muscle in stroke patients. METHODS: Thirty-four stroke patients (19 men) participated in this study. USI was used for measurement of PA and MT of the tibialis anterior muscles at rest and during maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)...
February 15, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197115/application-and-evaluation-of-an-expert-judgment-elicitation-procedure-for-correlations
#6
Mariëlle Zondervan-Zwijnenburg, Wenneke van de Schoot-Hubeek, Kimberley Lek, Herbert Hoijtink, Rens van de Schoot
The purpose of the current study was to apply and evaluate a procedure to elicit expert judgments about correlations, and to update this information with empirical data. The result is a face-to-face group elicitation procedure with as its central element a trial roulette question that elicits experts' judgments expressed as distributions. During the elicitation procedure, a concordance probability question was used to provide feedback to the experts on their judgments. We evaluated the elicitation procedure in terms of validity and reliability by means of an application with a small sample of experts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193301/hippocampal-subregion-volume-changes-associated-with-antipsychotic-treatment-in-first-episode-psychosis
#7
K Rhindress, D G Robinson, J A Gallego, R Wellington, A K Malhotra, P R Szeszko
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal dysfunction is considered central to many neurobiological models of schizophrenia, yet there are few longitudinal in vivo neuroimaging studies that have investigated the relationship between antipsychotic treatment and morphologic changes within specific hippocampal subregions among patients with psychosis. METHOD: A total of 29 patients experiencing a first episode of psychosis with little or no prior antipsychotic exposure received structural neuroimaging examinations at illness onset and then following 12 weeks of treatment with either risperidone or aripiprazole in a double-blind randomized clinical trial...
February 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#8
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190854/evaluation-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-as-a-technique-for-detecting-bone-marrow-edema-in-patients-with-osteitis-pubis
#9
Iclal Erdem Toslak, Bulent Cekic, Aysen Turk, Ali Eraslan, A Eda Parlak
PURPOSE: Our aims were to determine the feasibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the detection of bone marrow edema (BME) and explore the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) alterations in patients with osteitis pubis (OP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourty two consecutive patients clinically suspected to have athletic pubalgia and 31 control subjects were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent diagnostic focused magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DWI at b values of 0 and 600 s/mm(2)...
February 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188759/bladder-prolapse-configuration-on-baseline-standing-cystogram-can-predict-anterior-vaginal-wall-suspension-procedure-outcomes
#10
Yuefeng Rose Wu, Alana L Christie, Rebecca S Lavelle, Feras Alhalabi, Gaurav Khatri, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether bladder prolapse shape on lateral voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is an accurate predictor of anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure outcomes. METHODS: Following IRB approval, pre-operative lateral standing VCUG views from a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent AVWS for stage ≥2 cystocele were reviewed retrospectively by three reviewers. Patients with no retrievable pre-operative VCUG imaging were excluded...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185980/a-new-quantitative-measure-of-disc-degeneration
#11
Tapio Videman, Michele C Battié, Laura E Gibbons, Kevin Gill
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The ability to adequately measure a phenomenon is critical to studying and understanding it. Since 1957, a variety of subjective visual grading methods have been used to assess disc degeneration, but have been limited by gross ordinal scales and imprecision, as well as suboptimal reliability. Conceptually sound, objective, precise measurements are needed to advance knowledge of disc degeneration and its causes, progression and consequences. PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability and validity of a new system ('SpIn' for Spine Insight) to quantitatively measure lumbar disc degeneration or pathology...
February 6, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182537/inter-rater-and-intra-rater-reliability-outcomes-of-a-rapid-bacteria-counting-system-with-pressure-ulcer-samples
#12
G Nakagami, M Mori, M Yoshida, A Kitamura, A Hayashi, T Miyagaki, S Sasaki, J Sugama, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating bacterial load in pressure ulcers (PUs) is key to combat infection; therefore, using technologies to measure bacterial count can be particularly useful. A rapid bacteria counting system was recently developed and introduced to the wound care field. However, its reliability was not established. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of bacterial count using this rapid counting system. METHOD: We took bacterial swabs from patients with category I or greater PUs to assess inter- and intra-rater reliability...
February 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167187/reliability-of-assessment-of-upper-trapezius-morphology-its-mechanical-properties-and-blood-flow-in-female-patients-with-myofascial-pain-syndrome-using-ultrasonography
#13
Hakimeh Adigozali, Azadeh Shadmehr, Esmail Ebrahimi, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farrokh Naderi
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, the intra-rater reliability of upper trapezius morphology, its mechanical properties and intramuscular blood circulation in females with myofascial pain syndrome were assessed using ultrasonography. DESIGN: A total of 37 patients (31.05 ± 10 years old) participated in this study. Ultrasonography producer was set up in three stages: a) Gray-scale: to measure muscle thickness, size and area of trigger points; b) Ultrasound elastography: to measure muscle stiffness; and c) Doppler imaging: to assess blood flow indices...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162938/a-systematic-review-of-the-reliability-of-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-in-measuring-tendon-size-is-the-error-clinically-acceptable
#14
REVIEW
Sean Mc Auliffe, Karen Mc Creesh, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic ultrasound (US) is a commonly used imaging modality for visualising tendon pathology and morphology. In comparison to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnostic US is perceived to have a higher risk of error when evaluating tendon size. AIM: To systematically assess the evidence regarding the Intra rater and Inter rater reliability of diagnostic US measurements of tendon size. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases were searched using an agreed set of keywords...
December 8, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155061/do-ethnicity-and-gender-influence-posterior-tibial-slope
#15
Salvatore Bisicchia, Gavinca M Scordo, Johan Prins, Cosimo Tudisco
BACKGROUND: Ethnicity and gender can affect posterior tibial slope; however, studies on this topic have limitations and are in disagreement. The aim of the present study was to evaluate posterior tibial slope in a large group of consecutive patients, determining whether ethnicity and gender can influence its value. Secondly, to determine intra- and inter-rater reliability of the two radiographic methods adopted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Posterior tibial slope was calculated (rater 1) in lateral view X-rays of the knee according to the posterior tibial cortex (PTC) and tibial proximal anatomical axis (TPAA) methods...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144582/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-postural-asymmetry-measurement-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#16
Ashleigh Prowse, Berit Aslaksen, Marie Kierkegaard, James Furness, Paul Gerdhem, Allan Abbott
AIM: To investigate the reliability and concurrent validity of the Baseline(®) Body Level/Scoliosis meter for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis postural assessment in three anatomical planes. METHODS: This is an observational reliability and concurrent validity study of adolescent referrals to the Orthopaedic department for scoliosis screening at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden between March-May 2012. A total of 31 adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (13...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132795/developing-a-standardized-measurement-of-alcohol-intoxication
#17
Justin L Benoit, Kimberly W Hart, Adam A Soliman, Christopher M Barczak, Robert S Sibilia, Christopher J Lindsell, Gregory J Fermann
INTRODUCTION: We assessed multiple examinations and assessment tools to develop a standardized measurement of alcohol intoxication to aid medical decision making in the Emergency Department. METHODS: Volunteers underwent an alcohol challenge. Pre- and post-alcohol challenge, subjects were videotaped performing three standardized clinical examinations: (1) Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFST) examination, (2) Hack's Impairment Index (HII) examination, and (3) Cincinnati Intoxication Examination (CIE)...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130628/body-surface-assessment-with-3d-laser-based-anthropometry-reliability-validation-and-improvement-of-empirical-surface-formulae
#18
Andreas Kuehnapfel, Peter Ahnert, Markus Loeffler, Markus Scholz
PURPOSE: Body surface area is a physiological quantity relevant for many medical applications. In clinical practice, it is determined by empirical formulae. 3D laser-based anthropometry provides an easy and effective way to measure body surface area but is not ubiquitously available. We used data from laser-based anthropometry from a population-based study to assess validity of published and commonly used empirical formulae. METHODS: We performed a large population-based study on adults collecting classical anthropometric measurements and 3D body surface assessments (N = 1435)...
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127863/signs-of-dysarthria-in-adults-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#19
Christina Persson, Katja Laakso, Hannah Edwardsson, Johanna Lindblom, Lena Hartelius
The aim of the study was to investigate how adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) performed on dysarthria and intelligibility tests compared with a control group. Ten participants with confirmed 22q11.2 deletion, five males and five females with a mean age of 31 years (range: 19-49), were compared with a control group matched for gender and age (five males and five females, mean age: 32 years, range: 19-49). Assessment of non-verbal and verbal tasks reflecting respiration, phonation, oral motor function, velopharyngeal function, articulation, and prosody was performed as well as the Swedish Test of Intelligibility (STI)...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125149/assessment-of-fatigue-using-the-identity-consequence-fatigue-scale-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#20
Ingrid Correia Nogueira, Amanda Souza Araújo, Maria Tereza Morano, Antonio George Cavalcante, Pedro Felipe de Bruin, Johana Susan Paddison, Guilherme Pinheiro da Silva, Eanes Delgado Pereira
Objective: To evaluate the properties of the Identity-Consequence Fatigue Scale (ICFS) in patients with lung cancer (LC), assessing the intensity of fatigue and associated factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving LC patients, treated at a teaching hospital in Brazil, who completed the ICFS. Patients with chronic heart disease (CHD) and healthy controls, matched for age and gender, also completed the scale. Initially, a Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the ICFS was administered to 50 LC patients by two independent interviewers; to test for reproducibility, it was readministered to those same patients...
January 23, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
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