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intra-rater reliability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910103/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-a-new-iphone-%C3%A2-goniometric-application-for-measuring-active-wrist-range-of-motion-a-cross-sectional-study-in-asymptomatic-subjects
#1
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mehrdad Bahramian, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh, Morteza Taghipour
Measurement of wrist range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of wrist physical examination. The measurement can be carried out through various instruments such as goniometers and inclinometers. Recent smartphones have been equipped with accelerometers and magnetometers, which, through specific software applications (apps) can be used for goniometric functions. This study, for the first time, aimed to evaluate the reliability and concurrent validity of a new smartphone goniometric app (Goniometer Pro©) for measuring active wrist ROM...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909371/inter-rectus-distance-measurement-using-ultrasound-imaging-does-the-rater-matter
#2
Nadia Keshwani, Nicole Hills, Linda McLean
Purpose: To investigate the interrater reliability of inter-rectus distance (IRD) measured from ultrasound images acquired at rest and during a head-lift task in parous women and to establish the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) between two raters. Methods: Two physiotherapists independently acquired ultrasound images of the anterior abdominal wall from 17 parous women and measured IRD at four locations along the linea alba: at the superior border of the umbilicus, at 3 cm and 5 cm above the superior border of the umbilicus, and at 3 cm below the inferior border of the umbilicus...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907228/measurement-of-postmortem-pupil-size-a-new-method-with-excellent-reliability-and-its-application-to-pupil-changes-in-the-early-postmortem-period
#3
Luise Fleischer, Susanne Sehner, Axel Gehl, Martin Riemer, Tobias Raupach, Sven Anders
Measurement of postmortem pupil width is a potential component of death time estimation. However, no standardized measurement method has been described. We analyzed a total of 71 digital images for pupil-iris ratio using the software ImageJ. Images were analyzed three times by four different examiners. In addition, serial images from 10 cases were taken between 2 and 50 h postmortem to detect spontaneous pupil changes. Intra- and inter-rater reliability of the method was excellent (ICC > 0.95). The method is observer independent and yields consistent results, and images can be digitally stored and re-evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900604/assessment-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-by-lung-ultrasound-a-pilot-study-of-correlation-with-high-resolution-chest-tomography
#4
Pablo Guisado Vasco, Gonzalo de Luna Cardenal, Isabel Martín Garrido, José Manuel Luque Pinilla, Guadalupe Fraile Rodríguez, Juan José Nava Mateo, Daniel Carnevalli Ruiz
The background of this study is to assess the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) to diagnose interstitial lung disease (ILD) in Sjögren's syndrome (Sjs), in patients who have any alterations in pulmonary function tests (PFT) or respiratory symptoms. LUS was correlated with chest tomography (hrCT), considering it as the imaging gold standard technique to diagnose ILD. This is a pilot, multicenter, cross-sectional, and consecutive-case study. The inclusion criteria are ≥18 years old, Signs and symptoms: according to ACEG 2002 criteria, respiratory symptoms (dyspnea, cough), or any alterations in PFR...
November 29, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895529/assessing-nursing-staff-s-competences-in-mobility-support-in-nursing-home-care-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-kinaesthetics-competence-kc-observation-instrument
#5
Heidrun Gattinger, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Virpi Hantikainen, Sascha Köpke, Stefan Ott, Beate Senn
BACKGROUND: Between 75 and 89% of residents living in long-term care facilities have limited mobility. Nurses as well as other licensed and unlicensed personnel directly involved in resident care are in a key position to promote and maintain the mobility of care-dependent persons. This requires a certain level of competence. Kinaesthetics is a training concept used to increase nursing staff's interaction and movement support skills for assisting care-dependent persons in their daily activities...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892432/reliability-and-validity-of-the-nepali-wolf-motor-function-test-following-cross-cultural-adaptation
#6
S P Adhikari, J Tretriluxana, P Chaiyawat
Background The Wolf motor function test is a standardized, reliable and valid performance-based measure, which evaluates upper-extremity function. Neither there is any evidence of neurological measure in Nepali nor has this tool been cross-culturally adapted to date. Objective To cross-culturally translate and evaluate reliability and validity of Nepali Wolf motor function test. Method Two forward-translators translated the original version into Nepali. After synthesizing, two back- translators translated it into English...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888789/reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-in-foot-pressure-measurements-in-typically-developing-children
#7
Timothy Niiler, Chris Church, Nancy Lennon, John Henley, Ameeka George, Daveda Taylor, Angelica Montes, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: In pedobarography, clinically meaningful comparison of measurements within or between subjects is limited by data variability and measurement error. This study aims to determine the components of the minimal detectable change (MDC) in impulse across all foot regions and the reliability of these measures. METHODS: A convenience sample of foot pressures from 108 visits by normal, healthy subjects aged 2-17 years was studied. Each subject had three pedobarograph measurements taken per foot, with six subjects returning for a second visit for assessment of day-to-day variability...
October 22, 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882825/validity-and-reliability-of-a-low-cost-digital-dynamometer-for-measuring-isometric-strength-of-lower-limb
#8
Natalia Romero-Franco, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes, Juan A Montaño-Munuera
Lower limb isometric strength is a key parameter to monitor the training process or recognise muscle weakness and injury risk. However, valid and reliable methods to evaluate it often require high-cost tools. The aim of this study was to analyse the concurrent validity and reliability of a low-cost digital dynamometer for measuring isometric strength in lower limb. Eleven physically active and healthy participants performed maximal isometric strength for: flexion and extension of ankle, flexion and extension of knee, flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, internal and external rotation of hip...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876653/manual-segmentation-of-the-human-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-using-3t-mri
#9
Justin D Theiss, Caitlin Ridgewell, Maureen McHugo, Stephan Heckers, Jennifer Urbano Blackford
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)-a small gray matter region located in the basal forebrain-has been implicated in both anxiety and addiction based on compelling evidence from rodent and non-human primate studies. However, the BNST's small size and proximity to other gray matter regions has hindered non-invasive study in human subjects using standard neuroimaging methods. While initial studies have benefitted from a BNST mask created from a single human subject using a 7T scanner, individual variability is likely-especially in patient populations-thus a manual segmentation protocol is needed...
November 19, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876280/validity-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-myjump-app-on-iphone-6s-in-jump-performance
#10
Robert Stanton, Sally-Anne Wintour, Crystal O Kean
OBJECTIVES: Smartphone applications are increasingly used by researchers, coaches, athletes and clinicians. The aim of this study was to examine the concurrent validity and intra-rater reliability of the smartphone-based application, MyJump, against laboratory-based force plate measurements. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: Participants completed counter-movement jumps (CMJ) (n=29) and 30cm drop jumps (DJ) (n=27) on a force plate which were simultaneously recorded using MyJump...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875495/accuracy-and-reliability-of-assessing-lateral-compartmental-leg-composition-using-dxa
#11
Christiana J Raymond, Tyler A Bosch, Foster K Bush, Lisa S Chow, Donald R Dengel
PURPOSE: Investigate the accuracy and reliability of a novel dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning method in the frontal plane for total, fat, and lean mass quantification of the anterior and posterior upper leg compartments. METHODS: Twenty-one (11 female; X[Combining Overline]age=20.3±1.3 yrs) college athletes were assessed for total and regional body composition using DXA. Segmentation of anterior/posterior thigh compartments was measured with participants lying on their right and left sides and the scanned leg elevated with two foam pads...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867408/reliability-of-a-measurement-method-for-the-cross-sectional-area-of-the-longus-colli-using-real-time-ultrasound-imaging
#12
Cliona O'Riordan, Pepijn Van De Ven, John Nelson, Karen McCreesh, Amanda Clifford
OBJECTIVE: Real-time ultrasound imaging is an established objective outcome measurement with proven reliability. However, it is still largely biased by user-ability. Published research in the area of real-time ultrasound imaging reliability in the cervical region and in particular the deep cervical flexors is quite sparse. The purpose of this investigation was to examine if a novice ultrasound user could agree favourably with an experienced ultrasound sonographer in measuring the cross-sectional area of the longus colli...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867405/development-and-assessment-of-inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-a-novel-ultrasound-tool-for-scoring-tendon-and-sheath-disease-a-pilot-study
#13
L Horton, P Emery, P Marshall
BACKGROUND: Tendon and synovial sheath disease is common. A method of monitoring the status of tendons and sheaths is important for both diagnosis of pathology and evaluation of the efficacy of treatments. For this study, an ultrasound scoring tool was developed and its reliability tested between raters. The tool is novel in that it scores tendons and sheaths separately, an important consideration since disorders of these structures are not necessarily concurrent. METHODS: Thirty diseased tendons and sheaths were included in this pilot cross-sectional study...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865099/assessing-symptoms-during-comprehensive-interventions-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-development-and-preliminary-analysis-of-the-autism-behaviour-coding-system-abcs
#14
Diana Dima, Olga Lazari, Klaus Schmeck, René Spiegel, Anja Brönnimann, Kirstin Goth, Evelyn Herbrecht
The aims of this paper are to present the Autism Behaviour Coding System (ABCS), a novel, video-based observational instrument for assessing core autism symptoms during intensive early interventions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to provide preliminary data on its psychometric characteristics and to discuss its clinical utility. Video recordings of child-therapist interactions during the 'Frühintervention bei autistischen Störungen' (FIAS) were coded by treatment-independent raters who were blind with respect to the temporal order of the sequences...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862084/intra-and-inter-observer-reproducibility-and-generalizability-of-first-trimester-uterine-artery-pulsatility-index-by-transabdominal-and-transvaginal-ultrasound
#15
Laura Marchi, Eva Zwertbroek, Judith Snelder, Maaike Kloosterman, Caterina Maddalena Bilardo
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the study was to assess intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility and generalizability (general reliability) of first trimester Doppler measurements of uterine arteries (UtA) performed both transabdominally (TA) and transvaginally (TV). Secondary aims were to investigate whether maternal BMI and acquisition modality (transabdominal or transvaginal) affect feasibility and reliability of UtA Doppler evaluation. METHODS: Singleton pregnancies between 11(+0) and 13(+6) weeks underwent TA and TV Doppler measurements of UtA prospectively, blindly and independently by Fetal Medicine Foundation-accredited operators...
November 16, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859573/intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-estimates-for-identification-and-grading-of-upper-respiratory-tract-abnormalities-recorded-in-horses-at-rest-and-during-overground-endoscopy
#16
C L McGivney, J Sweeney, F David, J M O'Leary, E W Hill, L M Katz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies support good intra- and inter-observer agreements for endoscopic evaluation of various upper respiratory tract (URT) diseases in horses. However, these studies mainly assessed resting endoscopic examination videos and/or focussed on a single URT abnormality. OBJECTIVES: To estimate intra- and inter-observer agreement for identification and grading of all URT abnormalities from resting and overground endoscopy (OGE) videos of Thoroughbreds...
November 14, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858694/goniometric-evaluation-of-the-spinal-sagittal-curves-in-children-and-adolescents-a-reliability-study
#17
Aristide Gravina, Claudio Ferraro, Patrizia Poli, Michele Barazzuol, Alessandra Del Felice, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: Gold standard for spine deformities assessment is X rays, but the procedure bears a risk of exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of a pocket compass needle goniometer (IncliMed®, University of Padua) to non-invasively evaluate spine curves in children and adolescents. METHODS: Prospective reliability study in a paediatric population (mean age 12.5 years ± 2.5). Children with spine deformities (Scheuermann's or postural kyphosis, idiopathic scoliosis) and healthy controls were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858677/intra-and-interreliability-of-histographic-analysis-for-paraspinal-muscle-degeneration-in-patients-with-unilateral-back-pain-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Dong-Won Suh, Yushin Kim, Minyoung Lee, Seungcheol Lee, Sung Jun Park, BumChul Yoon
BACKGROUND: Mixed use of T1- or T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in histographic analysis has impeded cross-reference of studies on fatty degeneration of muscles in patients with back pain. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to establish the measurement reliability of histographic analysis for normal and painful paraspinal muscles between T1- and T2-weighted MRI. METHODS: T1- and T2-weighted MRI at the L4-5 level were performed in 31 patients with unilateral back pain...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855107/first-quality-score-for-referral-letters-in-gastroenterology-a-validation-study
#19
Sigrun Losada Eskeland, Cathrine Brunborg, Birgitte Seip, Kristine Wiencke, Øistein Hovde, Tanja Owen, Erik Skogestad, Gert Huppertz-Hauss, Fred-Arne Halvorsen, Kjetil Garborg, Lars Aabakken, Thomas de Lange
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate an objective and reliable score to assess referral quality in gastroenterology. DESIGN: An observational multicentre study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 25 gastroenterologists participated in selecting variables for a Thirty Point Score (TPS) for quality assessment of referrals to gastroenterology specialist healthcare for 9 common indications. From May to September 2014, 7 hospitals from the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority participated in collecting and scoring 327 referrals to a gastroenterologist...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847706/reliability-and-validity-of-korean-version-of-apraxia-screen-of-tulia-k-ast
#20
Soo Jin Kim, You-Na Yang, Jong Won Lee, Jin-Youn Lee, Eunhwa Jeong, Bo-Ram Kim, Jongmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of Korean version of AST (K-AST) as a bedside screening test of apraxia in patients with stroke for early and reliable detection. METHODS: AST was translated into Korean, and the translated version received authorization from the author of AST. The performances of K-AST in 26 patients (21 males, 5 females; mean age 65.42±17.31 years) with stroke (23 ischemic, 3 hemorrhagic) were videotaped. To test the reliability and validity of K-AST, the recorded performances were assessed by two physiatrists and two occupational therapists twice at a 1-week interval...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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