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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731502/histologic-scoring-indices-for-evaluation-of-disease-activity-in-crohn-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Gregor Novak, Claire E Parker, Rish K Pai, John K MacDonald, Brian G Feagan, William J Sandborn, Geert D'Haens, Vipul Jairath, Reena Khanna
BACKGROUND: Histologic assessment of mucosal disease activity has been increasingly used in clinical trials of treatment for Crohn's disease. However, the operating properties of the currently existing histologic scoring indices remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the development and operating characteristics of available histologic disease activity indices in Crohn's disease. SEARCH METHODS: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) databases from inception to 20 July 2016 were supplemented by manual reviews of bibliographies and abstracts submitted to major gastroenterology meetings (Digestive Disease Week, United European Gastroenterology Week, European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation)...
July 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717629/ultrasound-measures-of-tendon-thickness-intra-rater-inter-rater-and-inter-machine-reliability
#2
María Elena Del Baño-Aledo, Jacinto Javier Martínez-Payá, José Ríos-Díaz, Silvia Mejías-Suárez, Sergio Serrano-Carmona, Ana de Groot-Ferrando
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging is often used by physiotherapists and other healthcare professionals but the reliability of image acquisition with different ultrasound machines is unknown. The objective was to compare the intra-rater, inter-rater and intermachine reliability of thickness measurements of the plantar fascia (PF), Achilles tendon (AT), patellar tendon (PT) and elbow common extensor tendon (ECET) with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging (MSUS). METHODS: Tendon thickness was measured in four anatomical structures (14 participants, 28 images per tendon) by two sonographers and with two different ultrasound machines...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715144/international-endometrial-tumor-analysis-ieta-terminology-in-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding-and-sonographic-endometrial-thickness-%C3%A2-4-5%C3%A2-mm-an-agreement-and-reliability-study
#3
Povilas Sladkevicius, Arnaud Installé, Thierry Van den Bosch, Dirk Timmerman, Beryl Benacerraf, Ligita Jokubkiene, Alessia di Legge, Angelo Votino, Letizia Zannoni, Bart De Moor, Bavo De Cock, Ben Van Calster, Lil Valentin
OBJECTIVES: To estimate intra- and inter-rater agreement and reliability with regard to describing ultrasound images of the endometrium using the International Endometrial Tumor Analysis (IETA) terminology. METHODS: Four expert and four non-expert raters assessed video clips of transvaginal ultrasound examinations of the endometrium from 99 women with postmenopausal bleeding and sonographic endometrial thickness ≥4.5 mm and no fluid in the uterine cavity. The following features were rated: endometrial echogenicity (nine categories), endometrial midline (four categories), bright edge (yes, no), endometrial-myometrial junction (four categories), color score (1 to 4), vascular pattern (seven categories), irregularly branching vessels (yes, no), color splashes (yes, no)...
July 17, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714657/women-with-late-whiplash-syndrome-have-greatly-reduced-load-bearing-of-the-cervical-spine-in-vivo-biomechanical-cross-sectional-lateral-radiographic-study
#4
Eythor Kristjansson, Magnus K Gislason
BACKGROUND: No study has been conducted to ascertain whether the load-bearing capacity of the cervical spine is reduced in vivo in late whiplash syndrome (LWS). AIM: To compare the segmental cervical angular values across C0-C6, between two conditions: without versus with external axial load upon the head in three groups of women. DESIGN: A single-blind, age-Body Mass Index (BMI) matched, radiographic, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Radiographic Department at a University Hospital...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714297/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-difference-of-movement-disorder-childhood-rating-scale
#5
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Ilaria Olivieri, Manuela Casarano, Roberta DI Pietro, Valentina Menici, Chiara Velli, Francesca Sini, Simona Lucibello, Domenico M Romeo, Giovanni Cioni, Roberta Battini
BACKGROUND: Movement Disorder-Childhood Rating Scales (MD-CRS) have been designed in two forms (0-3 and 4-18 years) to accurately evaluate various movement disorders in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the MD-CRS reliability when used by clinicians and professionals of rehabilitation after a one-day training on scoring it. DESIGN: This is a measurement-focused study of video-recorded sessions. SETTING: Video session carried out inpatient and outpatient...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710723/observational-review-and-analysis-of-concussion-a-method-for-conducting-a-standardized-video-analysis-of-concussion-in-rugby-league
#6
Andrew J Gardner, Christopher R Levi, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: Several professional contact and collision sports have recently introduced the use of sideline video review for club medical staff to help identify and manage concussions. As such, reviewing video footage on the sideline has become increasingly relied upon to assist with improving the identification of possible injury. However, as yet, a standardized method for reviewing such video footage in rugby league has not been published. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether independent raters reliably agreed on the injury characterization when using a standardized observational instrument to record video footage of National Rugby League (NRL) concussions...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709418/single-leg-squat-performance-in-physically-and-non-physically-active-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Silvia Gianola, Greta Castellini, Elena Stucovitz, Alice Nardo, Giuseppe Banfi
BACKGROUND: Single-leg squat (SLS) is a functional test visually rated by clinicians for assessing lower limb function as a preventive injury strategy. SLS clinical rating is a qualitative evaluation and it does not count objective outcomes as kinematics data and surface electromyography (sEMG) assessment. Based on the SLS rating, the aims of this study were (i) to determine the clinical rating agreement among six raters and (ii) to assess kinematic and sEMG predictors of good SLS performance in physically and non-physically active individuals...
July 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708428/reliability-and-correlation-of-static-and-dynamic-foot-arch-measurement-in-a-healthy-pediatric-population
#8
Karsten Hollander, Timo Scholz, Astrid Zech, Karl Wegscheider, Susanne Lezius, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Susanne Sehner
BACKGROUND: The measurement of the medial longitudinal foot arch in children is a controversial topic, as there are many different methods without a definite gold-standard. The purpose of this study was to 1) investigate intra-day- and inter-rater-reliability regarding dynamic arch index and static arch height, 2) to explore the correlation between both arch indices and 3) to examine the variation of the medial longitudinal arch at two different times of the day. METHODS: Eighty-six children (age 8...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704390/inter-rater-reliability-of-categorical-versus-continuous-scoring-of-fish-vitality-does-it-affect-the-utility-of-the-reflex-action-mortality-predictor-ramp-approach
#9
Pieter Meeremans, Noëlle Yochum, Marc Kochzius, Bart Ampe, Frank A M Tuyttens, Sven Sebastian Uhlmann
Scoring reflex responsiveness and injury of aquatic organisms has gained popularity as predictors of discard survival. Given this method relies upon the individual interpretation of scoring criteria, an evaluation of its robustness is done here to test whether protocol-instructed, multiple raters with diverse backgrounds (research scientist, technician, and student) are able to produce similar or the same reflex and injury score for one of the same flatfish (European plaice, Pleuronectes platessa) after experiencing commercial fishing stressors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702314/development-and-testing-of-a-community-audit-tool-to-assess-rural-built-environments-inventories-for-community-health-assessment-in-rural-towns
#10
Rebecca A Seguin, Brian K Lo, Urshila Sriram, Leah M Connor, Alison Totta
Rural populations face unique challenges to physical activity that are largely driven by environmental conditions. However, research on rural built environments and physical activity is limited by a paucity of rural-specific environmental assessment tools. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and testing of a rural assessment tool: Inventories for Community Health Assessment in Rural Towns (iCHART). The iCHART tool was developed in 2013 through a multistep process consisting of an extensive literature search to identify existing tools, an expert panel review, and pilot testing in five rural US communities...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692325/reliability-of-the-gross-motor-function-classification-system-and-the-manual-ability-classification-system-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-tanzania
#11
Daniele Piscitelli, Stefano Vercelli, Roberto Meroni, Giulia Zagnoni, Leonardo Pellicciari
OBJECTIVES: Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) are broadly studied in high-income countries, but data concerning their functioning are lacking in developing countries. Therefore, we analyzed their reliability and sensitivity to change in children with cerebral palsy in Tanzania. METHODS: GMFCS and MACS are two ordinal grading systems used to assess motor functions while observing children's performances...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680652/validity-and-reliability-of-a-pilot-scale-for-assessment-of-multiple-system-atrophy-symptoms
#12
Masaaki Matsushima, Ichiro Yabe, Ikuko Takahashi, Makoto Hirotani, Takahiro Kano, Kazuhiro Horiuchi, Hideki Houzen, Hidenao Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare progressive neurodegenerative disorder for which brief yet sensitive scale is required in order for use in clinical trials and general screening. We previously compared several scales for the assessment of MSA symptoms and devised an eight-item pilot scale with large standardized response mean [handwriting, finger taps, transfers, standing with feet together, turning trunk, turning 360°, gait, body sway]. The aim of the present study is to investigate the validity and reliability of a simple pilot scale for assessment of multiple system atrophy symptoms...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673604/no-change-in-patellar-height-following-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-using-a-novel-femur-referenced-measurement-method
#13
C Ihle, M Ahrend, L Grünwald, A Ateschrang, U Stöckle, S Schröter
BACKGROUND: Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) can influence the tibial slope and thereby the landmarks of currently used patellar height indices. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare and validate a new femur-referenced patella height measurement method to currently used patellar height indices in a cohort of HTO patients. METHODS: Patellar height (Caton-Deschamps, Blackburne-Peel and Insall-Salvati Indices and our newly developed Femoral Patellar Height Index) as well as tibial slope were analysed...
June 30, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666810/video-based-assessment-of-foot-strike-pattern-and-step-rate-is-valid-and-reliable-in-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain
#14
Jean-Francois Esculier, Thomas Silvini, Laurent J Bouyer, Jean-Sébastien Roy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, during treadmill running in runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), the concurrent validity of determining foot strike pattern using 2D video and the intra- and inter-rater reliability of foot strike pattern and step rate assessments between a novice and experienced observer. DESIGN: Methodological study (validity/reliability). SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty runners with PFP (37 females, 23 males; age = 30...
November 23, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662973/assessment-of-bone-mineral-density-at-the-distal-femur-and-the-proximal-tibia-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-individualswith-spinal-cord-injury-precision-of-protocol-and-relation-to-injury-duration
#15
Stacey Lobos, Anne Cooke, Gillian Simonett, Chester Ho, Steven K Boyd, W Brent Edwards
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is characterized by marked bone loss at the knee, and there is a need for established dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) protocols to examine bone mineral density (BMD) at this location to track therapeutic progress and to monitor fracture risk. The purpose of this study was to quantify the precision and reliability of a DXA protocol for BMD assessment at the distal femur and the proximal tibia in individuals with SCI. The protocol was subsequently used to investigate the relationship between BMD and duration of SCI...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662294/reliability-of-sonographic-muscle-thickness-measurements-of-the-thenar-and-hypothenar-muscles
#16
Tugce Ozekli Misirlioglu, Ozden Ozyemisci Taskiran
Introduction This study was undertaken to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of sonographic thickness measurements of the thenar and hypothenar muscles. Methods The thickness of the thenar and hypothenar muscles of both hands of 15 volunteers (7 male, 8 female) were evaluated with a 4- to 13- MHz linear probe by two examiners who were blinded to each other's measurements. Inter-rater reliability was then evaluated. To assess intra-rater reliability, the first examiner also performed a second measurement after an interval of at least one day...
June 29, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658032/assessment-of-the-change-in-alignment-of-fixed-segment-after-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#17
Tomohiro Banno, Tomohiko Hasegawa, Yu Yamato, Sho Kobayashi, Daisuke Togawa, Go Yoshida, Tatsuya Yasuda, Shin Oe, Yuki Mihara, Hiroki Ushirozako, Yukihiro Matsuyama
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the prevalence of loss in fixed segment alignment after surgical correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD) and identify associated risk factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Altered fixed segment alignment influences global spinal alignment; however, associated risk factors have not been determined. METHODS: Data of 63 patients with ASD (55 women; mean age, 68.0 years), who underwent corrective fusion from the lower thoracic spine to the pelvis and completed the 2-year follow-up, were retrospectively analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653753/the-development-of-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-index-for-fistulising-crohn-s-disease
#18
M A Samaan, C A J Puylaert, B G Levesque, G Y Zou, L Stitt, S A Taylor, L M Shackelton, M K Vandervoort, R Khanna, C Santillan, J Rimola, P Hindryckx, C Y Nio, W J Sandborn, G D'Haens, B G Feagan, V Jairath, J Stoker
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for assessment of perianal fistulising Crohn's disease (CD). The Van Assche index is the most commonly used MRI fistula index. AIMS: To assess the reliability of the Van Assche index, and to modify the instrument to improve reliability and create a novel index for fistulising CD. METHODS: A consensus process developed scoring conventions for existing Van Assche index component items and new items...
June 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652965/a-protocol-for-manual-segmentation-of-medial-temporal-lobe-subregions-in-7%C3%A2-tesla-mri
#19
D Berron, P Vieweg, A Hochkeppler, J B Pluta, S-L Ding, A Maass, A Luther, L Xie, S R Das, D A Wolk, T Wolbers, P A Yushkevich, E Düzel, L E M Wisse
Recent advances in MRI and increasing knowledge on the characterization and anatomical variability of medial temporal lobe (MTL) anatomy have paved the way for more specific subdivisions of the MTL in humans. In addition, recent studies suggest that early changes in many neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases are better detected in smaller subregions of the MTL rather than with whole structure analyses. Here, we developed a new protocol using 7 Tesla (T) MRI incorporating novel anatomical findings for the manual segmentation of entorhinal cortex (ErC), perirhinal cortex (PrC; divided into area 35 and 36), parahippocampal cortex (PhC), and hippocampus; which includes the subfields subiculum (Sub), CA1, CA2, as well as CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) which are separated by the endfolial pathway covering most of the long axis of the hippocampus...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648683/reliability-and-validity-analyses-of-the-north-star-ambulatory-assessment-in-brazilian-portuguese
#20
Larissa O Okama, Lívia M Zampieri, Carina L Ramos, Flávia O Toledo, Cyntia R J Alves, Ana Cláudia Mattiello-Sverzut, Anna Mayhew, Cláudia F R Sobreira
The North Star Ambulatory Assessment measures motor performance in ambulatory boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a hereditary and degenerative muscle disorder. To use the North Star Ambulatory Assessment in Brazilian boys, we performed the cross-cultural adaptation to the Portuguese language spoken in Brazil and evaluated the reliability and validity of the instrument. Cross-cultural adaptation included: independent translations, synthesis, committee review, pre-testing in 12 boys, back-translation and comparison with the original instrument...
May 26, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
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