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inter-rater reliability

Elizabeth D Nesoff, Adam J Milam, Keshia M Pollack, Frank C Curriero, Janice V Bowie, Andrea C Gielen, Debra M Furr-Holden
Nationally, 80% of pedestrian fatalities occur in urban environments, yet the distribution of injuries across urban areas is not uniform. Identifying street-level risk factors for pedestrian injury is essential for urban planning and improvement projects, as well as targeted injury prevention efforts. However, creating and maintaining a comprehensive database of a city's traffic safety infrastructure can be cumbersome and costly. The purpose of this study was to create and validate a neighborhood environmental observational assessment tool to capture evidence-based pedestrian safety infrastructure using Google Street View (GSV)-The Inventory for Pedestrian Safety Infrastructure (IPSI)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Zachary Frangos, Maryke Steffens, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: The Internet has transformed the way in which people approach their health care, with online resources becoming a primary source of health information. Little work has assessed the quality of online information regarding community water fluoridation. This study sought to assess the information available to individuals searching online for information, with emphasis on the credibility and quality of websites. METHODS: We identified the top 10 web pages returned from different search engines, using common fluoridation search terms (identified in Google Trends)...
February 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Luis E Tollinche, Gloria Yang, Kay-See Tan, Ruth Borchardt
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status is a universal classification system that helps clinicians to categorize their patients preoperatively. However, there is a lack of both inter-rater and intra-rater reliability among clinicians for the ASA physical status classification. Our study focuses on testing these reliabilities within pediatric anesthesia providers in the cancer setting. METHODS: In our retrospective observational study, a total of 1177 anesthesia records were reviewed...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Jo Wray, Katherine L Brown, Deborah Ridout, Monica Lakhanpaul, Liz Smith, Angie Scarisbrick, Sara O'Curry, Aparna Hoskote
Introduction Neurodevelopmental abnormalities are common in children with CHD and are the highest-priority concerns for parents and professionals following cardiac surgery in childhood. There is no additional routine monitoring of development for children with CHD in the United Kingdom; hence, neurodevelopmental concerns may be detected late, precluding early referral and intervention. METHODS: An early recognition tool - the "Brief Developmental Assessment" - was developed using quality improvement methodology involving several iterations and rounds of pilot testing...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Lynn Falletta, Kelsey Hamilton, Rebecca Fischbein, Julie Aultman, Beth Kinney, Deric Kenne
Pregnant, opioid-using women represent a challenge to healthcare providers attempting to engage them in prenatal and substance abuse services. Limited, primarily international research suggests that child welfare clients have mixed feelings about Child Protective Services (CPS) and that fear of CPS may present a barrier to care. Understanding how pregnant opioid-using women in substance abuse treatment perceive CPS may be useful in encouraging substance abuse treatment initiation. Participants were currently or recently (within past 12 months) pregnant women with current or recent (within past 12 months) abuse/dependence of pharmaceutical opioids at a drug treatment facility...
February 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Vahid Abdollah, Eric C Parent, Michele C Battié
Disc height has been a focus of research on disc degeneration and low back pain (LBP). However, choosing an appropriate method to quantify disc height remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and construct validity of disc height quantification methods. Repeated semi-automatic measurements of L4-5 and L5-S1 discs were obtained from 43 T2-weighted mid-sagittal 3T magnetic resonance (MR) images of 22 subjects with LBP (43±13 years), blinded to prior measurements. Heights were calculated with area-based methods (using 60%, 80% and 100% of the disc width), and point-based methods (Hurxthal's, Dabbs' and combining the two)...
February 13, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Patti K Kiser, Christiane V Löhr, Danielle Meritet, Sean T Spagnoli, Milan Milovancev, Duncan S Russell
Although quantitative assessment of margins is recommended for describing excision of cutaneous malignancies, there is poor understanding of limitations associated with this technique. We described and quantified histologic artifacts in inked margins and determined the association between artifacts and variance in histologic tumor-free margin (HTFM) measurements based on a novel grading scheme applied to 50 sections of normal canine skin and 56 radial margins taken from 15 different canine mast cell tumors (MCTs)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Catriona M Steele, Ashwini M Namasivayam-MacDonald, Brittany T Guida, Julie A Y Cichero, Janice Duivestein, Ben Hanson, Peter Lam, Luis F Riquelme
OBJECTIVE: To assess consensual validity, inter-rater reliability and criterion validity of the International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative Functional Diet Scale (IDDSI-FDS), a new functional outcome scale intended to capture the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia, as represented by the degree of diet texture restriction recommended for the patient. DESIGN: Participants assigned IDDSI-FDS scores to 16 clinical cases. Consensual validity was measured against reference scores determined by an author reference panel...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Mariana R C Aquino, Bruna S Avelar, Paula L Silva, Juliana M Ocarino, Renan A Resende
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) is valid and reliable to evaluate foot posture of adults and children. However, studies with adults had some important limitations. In addition, it is not clear if FPI-6 is reliable for older adults. Variations in foot structure, such as edema, bone callosity and bunions, are more frequent in older adults, which may compromise FPI-6 reliability for this population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate test-retest and inter-rater reliability of FPI-6 total and individual scores for the assessment of foot posture of adults and older adults...
February 6, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Alicia Beltran, Hafza Dadabhoy, Courtney Ryan, Ruchita Dholakia, Janice Baranowski, Yuecheng Li, Guifang Yan, Wenyan Jia, Mingui Sun, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: The eButton takes frontal images at 4s intervals throughout the day. A three-dimensional manually administered wire mesh procedure has been developed to quantify portion sizes from the two-dimensional images. The present paper reports a test of the inter-rater reliability and validity of use of the wire mesh procedure. DESIGN: Seventeen foods of diverse shapes and sizes served on plates, bowls and cups were selected to rigorously test the portion assessment procedure...
February 12, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Win Min Oo, James M Linklater, Matthew Daniel, Simo Saarakkala, Jonathan Samuels, Philip G Conaghan, Helen I Keen, Leticia A Deveza, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to systematically review clinimetrics of commonly assessed ultrasound pathologies in knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis (OA), and to conduct a meta-analysis for each clinimetric. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from their inceptions to September 2016. According to the OMERACT Instrument Selection Algorithm, data extraction focused on ultrasound technical features and performance metrics...
February 6, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Tarik Emre Sener, Salvatore Butticè, Bahadir Sahin, Christopher Netsch, Laurian Dragos, Rosa Pappalardo, Carlo Magno
INTRODUCTION: The advancements in telemedicine provide the possibility to send photos of hematuria cases to professionals for further evaluation. We aimed to evaluate the inter-rater reliability of WhatsApp use in the evaluation of hematuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2014 and April 2016, 212 patients were evaluated prospectively for hematuria by 2 groups of urologists; Group A: in direct contact with patients for evaluation; Group B: "blind" urologist who had no access to the patients' data but received pictures via WhatsApp...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Stephen M Wilson, Dana K Eriksson, Sarah M Schneck, Jillian M Lucanie
This paper describes a quick aphasia battery (QAB) that aims to provide a reliable and multidimensional assessment of language function in about a quarter of an hour, bridging the gap between comprehensive batteries that are time-consuming to administer, and rapid screening instruments that provide limited detail regarding individual profiles of deficits. The QAB is made up of eight subtests, each comprising sets of items that probe different language domains, vary in difficulty, and are scored with a graded system to maximize the informativeness of each item...
2018: PloS One
Preithy Uthamalingam, Thabasum Sathish Kumar, Albina Venus, Preethi Sekar, Rajeshwari K Muthusamy, Sangita Mehta
BACKGROUND: Since its inception in 1995, the Ultrafast Papanicoloau (UFPAP) cytological stain has undergone a number of modifications to suit the local availability of reagents and cost in different set ups. However, the reported results have been uniformly encouraging. We designed a study to investigate the inter-observer agreement in 'perceived ease of interpretation' of cytological smears stained with Modified Ultrafast Papanicoloau stain (MUFPAP). METHODS: After a small pilot study, we prospectively stained air-dried fine needle aspirate smears (FNACs) and Body Fluid smears with the standardized MUFPAP stain...
February 9, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Gwyneth B Ross, Brittany Dowling, Nikolaus F Troje, Steven L Fischer, Ryan B Graham
INTRODUCTION: Movement screens are frequently used to identify abnormal movement patterns that may increase risk of injury or hinder performance. Abnormal patterns are often detected visually based on the observations of a coach or clinician. Quantitative, or data-driven methods can increase objectivity, remove issues related to inter-rater reliability and offer the potential to detect new and important features that may not be observable by the human eye. Applying principal components analysis (PCA) to whole-body motion data may provide an objective data-driven method to identify unique and statistically important movement patterns, an important first step to objectively characterize optimal patterns or identify abnormalities...
February 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jacek Kolacz, Melissa Raspa, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
Individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS), especially those co-diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), face many sensory processing challenges. However, sensory processing measures informed by neurophysiology are lacking. This paper describes the development and psychometric properties of a parent/caregiver report, the Brain-Body Center Sensory Scales (BBCSS), based on Polyvagal Theory. Parents/guardians reported on 333 individuals with FXS, 41% with ASD features. Factor structure using a split-sample exploratory-confirmatory design conformed to neurophysiological predictions...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Heike Rudolph, Silke Ostertag, Michael Ostertag, Michael H Walter, Ralph Gunnar Luthardt, Katharina Kuhn
The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the reliability of two measurement systems for evaluating the marginal and internal fit of dental copings. Sixteen CAD/CAM titanium copings were produced for a prepared maxillary canine. To modify the CAD surface model using different parameters (data density; enlargement in different directions), varying fit was created. Five light-body silicone replicas representing the gap between the canine and the coping were made for each coping and for each measurement method: (1) light microscopy measurements (LMMs); and (2) computer-assisted measurements (CASMs) using an optical digitizing system...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Kimberly A Szucs, Elena V Donoso Brown
[Purpose] Measurement of posture is important for those with a clinical diagnosis as well as researchers aiming to understand the impact of faulty postures on the development of musculoskeletal disorders. A reliable, cost-effective and low tech posture measure may be beneficial for research and clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to determine rater reliability and construct validity of a posture screening mobile application in healthy young adults. [Subjects and Methods] Pictures of subjects were taken in three standing positions...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Ju-Young Heo, Hwa-Kyung Shin
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to translate the Trunk Control Measurement Scale into a Korean version and to analyze the intra- and inter-rater reliability. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen children with spastic cerebral palsy and four physical therapists with over 10 years of clinical experience participated in this study. A Korean-American physical therapist translated the trunk control measurement scale from English into a Korean version. Four physical therapists viewed the video data of 15 children and scored each child's trunk control measurement scale performance on seven separate days...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Per Bech, Stephen F Austin, Nina Timmerby, Thomas A Ban, Stine Bjerrum Møller
OBJECTIVE: A restricted Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-6) with the six schizophrenia specific items from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) has been investigated. These six items from the PANSS have recently been found to have both clinical validity and 'unidimensionality' in measuring the severity of schizophrenic states. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical validity of the BPRS-6. The secondary objective was to evaluate the 'unidimensionality' of the BPRS-6 by an 'item response theory' model...
February 7, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
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