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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210346/mental-toughness-in-talented-youth-tennis-players-a-comparison-between-on-court-observations-and-a-self-reported-measure
#1
Ruben Houwer, Tamara Kramer, Ruud den Hartigh, Nikki Kolman, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Barbara Huijgen
In tennis, mental toughness is often considered highly important in achieving the elite level. The current study is the first to examine behavioural expressions of mental toughness on the court and their relationships with self-reported measures. Based on the input of five experienced tennis coaches of junior tennis players and behaviours used in previous studies, we developed a taxonomy consisting of six positive behaviours and ten negative ones. To investigate the relationship between these on-court behaviours of mental toughness and how the players rated their own mental toughness, emotional control in particular, six talented tennis players (aged 10-13) were recorded during tennis matches and filled out the self-reported measure of mental toughness (MTQ48)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209508/systematic-review-of-measures-of-impairment-and-activity-limitation-for-person-with-upper-limb-trauma-and-amputation
#2
REVIEW
Linda Resnik, Matt Borgia, Ben Silver, Jill Cancio
OBJECTIVE: Study purposes were to 1) identify outcome measures used in studies of persons with traumatic upper limb injury and/or amputation and 2) evaluate focus, content and psychometric properties of each measure. DATA SOURCES: Searches of PubMed and CINAHL for terms including upper extremity, function, activities of daily living, outcome assessment, amputation and traumatic injuries. STUDY SELECTION: Included articles had a sample of ≥10 adults with limb trauma or amputation, and were in English...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205036/video-assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-by-novices-and-experts-implications-for-surgical-education
#3
Celine Yeung, Brian Carrillo, Victor Pope, Shahob Hosseinpour, J Ted Gerstle, Georges Azzie
BACKGROUND: Previous investigators have shown that novices are able to assess surgical skills as reliably as expert surgeons. The purpose of this study was to determine how novices and experts arrive at these graded scores when assessing laparoscopic skills and the potential implications this may have for surgical education. METHODS: Four novices and four general laparoscopic surgeons evaluated 59 videos of a suturing task using a 5-point scale. Average novice and expert evaluator scores for each video and the average number of times that scores were changed were compared...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#4
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198659/intra-and-inter-rater-reliabilities-of-measurement-of-ultrasound-imaging-for-muscle-thickness-and-pennation-angle-of-tibialis-anterior-muscle-in-stroke-patients
#6
Ki Hun Cho, Hwang Jae Lee, Wan Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of skeletal muscle has been commonly reported in stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliabilities of measurement of ultrasound imaging (USI) for pennation angle (PA) and muscle thickness (MT) of tibialis anterior muscle in stroke patients. METHODS: Thirty-four stroke patients (19 men) participated in this study. USI was used for measurement of PA and MT of the tibialis anterior muscles at rest and during maximum voluntary contraction (MVC)...
February 15, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193301/hippocampal-subregion-volume-changes-associated-with-antipsychotic-treatment-in-first-episode-psychosis
#7
K Rhindress, D G Robinson, J A Gallego, R Wellington, A K Malhotra, P R Szeszko
BACKGROUND: Hippocampal dysfunction is considered central to many neurobiological models of schizophrenia, yet there are few longitudinal in vivo neuroimaging studies that have investigated the relationship between antipsychotic treatment and morphologic changes within specific hippocampal subregions among patients with psychosis. METHOD: A total of 29 patients experiencing a first episode of psychosis with little or no prior antipsychotic exposure received structural neuroimaging examinations at illness onset and then following 12 weeks of treatment with either risperidone or aripiprazole in a double-blind randomized clinical trial...
February 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190854/evaluation-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-as-a-technique-for-detecting-bone-marrow-edema-in-patients-with-osteitis-pubis
#8
Iclal Erdem Toslak, Bulent Cekic, Aysen Turk, Ali Eraslan, A Eda Parlak
PURPOSE: Our aims were to determine the feasibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the detection of bone marrow edema (BME) and explore the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) alterations in patients with osteitis pubis (OP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourty two consecutive patients clinically suspected to have athletic pubalgia and 31 control subjects were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent diagnostic focused magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DWI at b values of 0 and 600 s/mm(2)...
February 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188898/rating-of-included-trials-on-the-efficacy-effectiveness-spectrum-rites-development-of-a-new-tool-for-systematic-reviews
#9
L Susan Wieland, Brian M Berman, Douglas G Altman, Jürgen Barth, Lex M Bouter, Christopher R D'Adamo, Klaus Linde, David Moher, C Daniel Mullins, Shaun Treweek, Sean Tunis, Danielle A van der Windt, Merrick Zwarenstein, Claudia Witt
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials may be designed to provide evidence more strongly related to efficacy or effectiveness of an intervention. When systematic reviews are used to inform clinical or policy decisions, it is important to know the efficacy-effectiveness nature of the included trials. OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool to characterize randomized trials included in a systematic review on an efficacy-effectiveness continuum. METHODS: We extracted rating domains and descriptors from existing tools, and used a modified Delphi procedure to condense the domains and develop a new tool...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188759/bladder-prolapse-configuration-on-baseline-standing-cystogram-can-predict-anterior-vaginal-wall-suspension-procedure-outcomes
#10
Yuefeng Rose Wu, Alana L Christie, Rebecca S Lavelle, Feras Alhalabi, Gaurav Khatri, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether bladder prolapse shape on lateral voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is an accurate predictor of anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) procedure outcomes. METHODS: Following IRB approval, pre-operative lateral standing VCUG views from a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent AVWS for stage ≥2 cystocele were reviewed retrospectively by three reviewers. Patients with no retrievable pre-operative VCUG imaging were excluded...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185980/a-new-quantitative-measure-of-disc-degeneration
#11
Tapio Videman, Michele C Battié, Laura E Gibbons, Kevin Gill
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The ability to adequately measure a phenomenon is critical to studying and understanding it. Since 1957, a variety of subjective visual grading methods have been used to assess disc degeneration, but have been limited by gross ordinal scales and imprecision, as well as suboptimal reliability. Conceptually sound, objective, precise measurements are needed to advance knowledge of disc degeneration and its causes, progression and consequences. PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability and validity of a new system ('SpIn' for Spine Insight) to quantitatively measure lumbar disc degeneration or pathology...
February 6, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183293/using-video-annotation-software-to-identify-interactions-in-group-therapies-for-schizophrenia-assessing-reliability-and-associations-with-outcomes
#12
Stavros Orfanos, Syeda Ferhana Akther, Muhammad Abdul-Basit, Rosemarie McCabe, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that interactions in group therapies for people with schizophrenia are associated with a reduction in negative symptoms. However, it is unclear which specific interactions in groups are linked with these improvements. The aims of this exploratory study were to i) develop and test the reliability of using video-annotation software to measure interactions in group therapies in schizophrenia and ii) explore the relationship between interactions in group therapies for schizophrenia with clinically relevant changes in negative symptoms...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182537/inter-rater-and-intra-rater-reliability-outcomes-of-a-rapid-bacteria-counting-system-with-pressure-ulcer-samples
#13
G Nakagami, M Mori, M Yoshida, A Kitamura, A Hayashi, T Miyagaki, S Sasaki, J Sugama, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating bacterial load in pressure ulcers (PUs) is key to combat infection; therefore, using technologies to measure bacterial count can be particularly useful. A rapid bacteria counting system was recently developed and introduced to the wound care field. However, its reliability was not established. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of bacterial count using this rapid counting system. METHOD: We took bacterial swabs from patients with category I or greater PUs to assess inter- and intra-rater reliability...
February 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179260/medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-can-be-diagnosed-reliably-using-history-and-physical-examination
#14
M Winters, E W P Bakker, M H Moen, C C Barten, R Teeuwen, A Weir
BACKGROUND: The majority of sporting injuries are clinically diagnosed using history and physical examination as the cornerstone. There are no studies supporting the reliability of making a clinical diagnosis of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). AIM: Our aim was to assess if MTSS can be diagnosed reliably, using history and physical examination. We also investigated if clinicians were able to reliably identify concurrent lower leg injuries. METHODS: A clinical reliability study was performed at multiple sports medicine sites in The Netherlands...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174443/reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-selective-control-assessment-of-the-lower-extremity-tool-among-patients-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Yasuaki Kusumoto, Mami Hanao, Kenji Takaki, Tadamitsu Matsuda, Osamu Nitta
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to translate the Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity (SCALE) tool from English to Japanese and to assess the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the SCALE (SCALE-J) tool in Japanese patients with spastic cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] The SCALE tool was translated into Japanese in accordance with the published guidelines. In total, 55 patients with spastic cerebral palsy were enrolled in the present study. Reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's α), intrarater reliability, inter-rater reliability, and convergent validity by comparing Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) scores were examined...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168524/functional-impairment-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-can-be-assessed-by-an-ataxia-rating-scale-sara
#16
Giovanni DiPaolo, Cecilia Jimenez-Moreno, Nikoletta Nikolenko, Antonio Atalaia, Darren G Monckton, Michela Guglieri, Hanns Lochmüller
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is not characterised by ataxia per se; however, DM1 and ataxia patients show similar disturbances in movement coordination often experiencing walking and balance difficulties, although caused by different underlying pathologies. This study aims to investigate the use of a scale previously described for the assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA) with the hypothesis that it could have utility in DM1 patients as a measure of disease severity and risk of falling. Data from 54 DM1 patients were pulled from the PHENO-DM1 natural history study for analysis...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168371/improvement-of-image-quality-and-dose-management-in-ct-fluoroscopy-by-iterative-3d-image-reconstruction
#17
Oliver S Grosser, Christian Wybranski, Dennis Kupitz, Maciej Powerski, Konrad Mohnike, Maciej Pech, Holger Amthauer, Jens Ricke
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the influence of an iterative CT reconstruction algorithm (IA), newly available for CT-fluoroscopy (CTF), on image noise, readers' confidence and effective dose compared to filtered back projection (FBP). METHODS: Data from 165 patients (FBP/IA = 82/74) with CTF in the thorax, abdomen and pelvis were included. Noise was analysed in a large-diameter vessel. The impact of reconstruction and variables (e.g. X-ray tube current I) influencing noise and effective dose were analysed by ANOVA and a pairwise t-test with Bonferroni-Holm correction...
February 6, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167193/the-scapula-backward-tipping-test-an-inter-rater-reliability-study
#18
Deepak Sebastian, Raghu Chovvath, Ramesh Malladi
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the scapula backward tipping test (SBTT) in detecting the presence of pectoralis minor (PM) tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping, in a symptomatic population. PM tightness with scapula forward tipping has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the shoulder region. METHODS: 30 patients with a diagnosis of shoulder pain were randomly assigned and examined by 2 musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163065/a-standardized-method-to-measure-brain-shifts-with-decompressive-hemicraniectomy
#19
Askiel Bruno, Abdurrehman Zahran, Nina Paletta, Laith Maali, Fenwick T Nichols, Ramon Figueroa
BACKGROUND: A standardized, reliable, and practical method for measuring decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) defects and brain shifts in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory infarction is needed for reliable comparisons between computed tomography (CT) scans. Such a method could facilitate further studies on the effects of DHC. NEW METHOD: We describe and apply a method for measuring DHC defects and brain shifts on CT scans in 25 patients with malignant MCA territory infarction...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162938/a-systematic-review-of-the-reliability-of-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-in-measuring-tendon-size-is-the-error-clinically-acceptable
#20
REVIEW
Sean Mc Auliffe, Karen Mc Creesh, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic ultrasound (US) is a commonly used imaging modality for visualising tendon pathology and morphology. In comparison to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnostic US is perceived to have a higher risk of error when evaluating tendon size. AIM: To systematically assess the evidence regarding the Intra rater and Inter rater reliability of diagnostic US measurements of tendon size. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases were searched using an agreed set of keywords...
December 8, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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