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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431869/the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-ct-for-diagnosis-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#1
Murat Yesilaras, Turgay Yilmaz Kilic, Suveyda Yesilaras, Ozge Duman Atilla, Dilek Öncel, Mahmut Çamlar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) and the diagnosis and prognosis of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on emergency department (ED) patients. METHOD: We used a matched control group of patients with the same age and gender who were diagnosed in the ED with spontaneous SAH and who admitted to the ED with headache. Four emergency medicine attending physicians made the ONSD measurements...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425326/validity-reliability-and-sensitivity-of-the-norla-6-naming-and-oral-reading-for-language-in-aphasia-6-point-scale
#2
Laura L Pitts, Rosalind Hurwitz, Jaime B Lee, Julia Carpenter, Leora R Cherney
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the Naming and Oral Reading for Language in Aphasia 6-point scale (NORLA-6), a scoring system of oral reading and naming performance in aphasia. METHOD: Data were drawn from 91 participants with non-fluent aphasia secondary to left-hemisphere stroke across four treatment studies. To assess validity, Spearman's correlations were calculated between the NORLA-6 and the Gray Oral Reading Test-Fourth Edition (GORT-4) Accuracy score, GORT-4 Rate score and the Boston Naming Test (BNT)...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424823/-coma-in-the-emergency-room
#3
M Braun, C J Ploner, T Lindner, M Möckel, W U Schmidt
Coma of unknown origin (CUO) is a frequent unspecific emergency symptom associated with a high mortality. A fast diagnostic work-up is essential given the wide spectrum of underlying diagnoses that are made up of approximately 50% primary central nervous system (CNS) pathologies and approximately 50% extracerebral, almost exclusively internal medical causes. Despite the high mortality associated with this symptom, there are currently no generally accepted management guidelines for adult patients presenting with CUO...
April 19, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422578/korean-version-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-using-smartphone-a-validation-study
#4
Hae-Yeon Park, Sung-Soo Jeon, Jin-Youn Lee, Ah-Ra Cho, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Stroke often leads to disability, and poststroke survivors often have limited accessibility to medical facilities. INTRODUCTION: For such patients, mobile videoconferencing technology offers an opportunity to perform follow-up assessment and appropriate management of cognitive impairment. We aimed to determine the validity of the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) when administered using a smartphone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were included in this study (20 males, 10 females; mean age, 69...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421601/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-cutaneous-dermatomyositis-disease-area-and-severity-index-cdasi-and-the-cutaneous-assessment-tool-binary-method-cat-bm-in-juvenile-dermatomyositis-among-pediatric-dermatologists-rheumatologists-and-neurologists
#5
J Tiao, R Feng, E M Berger, J F Brandsema, C C Coughlin, N Khan, E A Kichula, M A Lerman, S Lvovich, P J McMahon, L G Rider, A I Rubin, L V Scalzi, D M Smith, A J Taxter, J R Treat, R P Williams, S W Yum, J Okawa, V P Werth
BACKGROUND: The Cutaneous Dermatomyositis Disease Area and Severity Index (CDASI) and Cutaneous Assessment Tool-Binary Method (CAT-BM) have been shown to be reliable and valid outcome measures to assess cutaneous disease in adult dermatomyositis (DM) and juvenile DM (JDM), respectively. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the CDASI and CAT-BM for use by pediatric dermatologists, pediatric rheumatologists, and pediatric neurologists in patients with JDM. METHODS: Five pediatric dermatologists, five pediatric rheumatologists, and five pediatric neurologists each evaluated 14 patients with JDM using the CDASI, CAT-BM, and skin Physician Global Assessment (PGA) scales...
April 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421332/the-statin-associated-muscle-symptom-clinical-index-sams-ci-revision-for-clinical-use-content-validation-and-inter-rater-reliability
#6
Robert S Rosenson, Kate Miller, Martha Bayliss, Robert J Sanchez, Marie T Baccara-Dinet, Daniela Chibedi-De-Roche, Beth Taylor, Irfan Khan, Garen Manvelian, Michelle White, Terry A Jacobson
PURPOSE: The Statin-Associated Muscle Symptom Clinical Index (SAMS-CI) is a method for assessing the likelihood that a patient's muscle symptoms (e.g., myalgia or myopathy) were caused or worsened by statin use. The objectives of this study were to prepare the SAMS-CI for clinical use, estimate its inter-rater reliability, and collect feedback from physicians on its practical application. METHODS: For content validity, we conducted structured in-depth interviews with its original authors as well as with a panel of independent physicians...
April 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420386/sedation-levels-in-dogs-a-validation-study
#7
Marika C Wagner, Kent G Hecker, Daniel S J Pang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess validation evidence for a sedation scale for dogs. We hypothesized that the chosen sedation scale would be unreliable when used by different raters and show poor discrimination between sedation protocols. A sedation scale (range 0-21) was used to score 62 dogs scheduled to receive sedation at two veterinary clinics in a prospective trial. Scores recorded by a single observer were used to assess internal consistency and construct validity of the scores...
April 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419876/reproducibility-of-the-balance-evaluation-systems-test-bestest-and-the-mini-bestest-in-school-aged-children
#8
R Dewar, A P Claus, K Tucker, R Ware, L M Johnston
This study evaluated the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reproducibility of the Full-BESTest and Mini-BESTest when assessing postural control in children. Thirty-four children aged 7-17 years participated in intra-rater and inter-rater evaluation, and 22 children repeated assessment six weeks later for evaluation of test-retest reliability. Postural control was assessed using the Full Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Full-BESTest) and the short-form Mini-BESTest. Intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reproducibility were examined using video assessment...
April 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419537/electromagnetic-tracking-for-femoral-derotation-osteotomy-an-in-vivo-study
#9
Andreas Geisbüsch, Christoph Auer, Hartmut Dickhaus, Cornelia Putz, Thomas Dreher
Femoral derotation osteotomy delivers good to excellent results in the treatment of rotational gait abnormalities and especially in internal rotation gait. The outcome of the procedure has been evaluated in numerous short and long term studies. Although reasons for recurrence and over-/under-correction have been unveiled in earlier studies the mechanisms are still not fully understood. False intra-operative assessment of the derotation angle may contribute to imprecise outcomes. In a recent saw-bone study we evaluated an electromagnetic tracking system in comparison to conventional goniometer measurement and a CT reference measurement and found it to be extremely accurate, whereas the use of a conventional goniometer for derotation measurement showed a high inter- and intra-rater variability...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#10
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415987/validity-and-reliability-of-fluoroscopy-for-digital-radiography-a-new-way-to-evaluate-diaphragmatic-mobility
#11
Bruna Estima Leal, Márcia Aparecida Gonçalves, Liseane Gonçalves Lisboa, Larissa Martins Schmitz Linné, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti, Elaine Paulin
BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy is considered the most accurate method to evaluate the diaphragm, yet most existing methods for measuring diaphragmatic mobility using fluoroscopy are complex. To assess the validity and reliability of a new evaluation method of diaphragmatic motion using fluoroscopy by digital radiography of healthy adults. METHODS: Twenty-six adults were evaluated, according to the parameters: anthropometry and pulmonary function test. The evaluation of diaphragm mobility by means of fluoroscopy by digital radiography method was randomly conducted by two raters (A and B)...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412612/impairment-in-social-functioning-differentiates-youth-meeting-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-criteria-from-other-mental-health-help-seekers-a-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-global-functioning-social-and-global-functioning-role-scales
#12
Nella Lo Cascio, Martina Curto, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Juliana Fortes Lindau, Nicoletta Girardi, Riccardo Saba, Martina Brandizzi, Elena Monducci, Alice Masillo, Giada Colafrancesco, Andrea Solfanelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Claudia Dario, Mauro Ferrara, Stefano Vicari, Paolo Girardi, Andrea M Auther, Barbara A Cornblatt, Christoph U Correll, Paolo Fiori Nastro
Social and occupational impairments are present in the schizophrenia prodrome, and poor social functioning predicts transition to psychosis in Ultra-High Risk (UHR) individuals. We aimed to: 1) validate the Italian version of the Global Functioning: Social (GF: S) and Global Functioning: Role (GF: S) scales; 2) evaluate their association with UHR criteria. Participants were 12-21-years-old (age, mean=15.2, standard deviation=2.1, male/female ratio=117/120) nonpsychotic help-seekers, meeting (N=39) or not (N=198) UHR criteria...
April 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412061/influence-of-the-labrum-on-version-and-diameter-of-the-glenoid-a-morphometric-study-using-magnetic-resonance-images
#13
Joyce Anthony, Ibin Varughese, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth, Erik Hohmann
PURPOSE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to determine the influence of the labrum on both the osseous version and effective diameter of the glenoid. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of patients with shoulder pain who underwent MRI between February 2014 and February 2015. The morphology of the glenoid labrum and glenoid was scanned with a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging scanner, and variables were measured by use of IntelliSpace PACS Enterprise...
April 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411949/reliability-of-echocardiographic-indicators-of-pulmonary-vascular-disease-in-preterm-infants-at-risk-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#14
Erin F Carlton, Marci K Sontag, Adel Younoszai, Michael V DiMaria, Joshua I Miller, Brenda B Poindexter, Steven H Abman, Peter M Mourani
OBJECTIVES: To determine the assessment and inter-rater reliability of echocardiographic evaluations of pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) in preterm infants at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively studied echocardiograms from preterm infants (birthweights 500-1250 g) at 7 days of age and 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Echocardiograms were assessed by both a cardiologist on clinical service and a single research cardiologist. Interpretations were reviewed for inclusion of determinants of PVD and assessed for inter-rater reliability using the Prevalence Adjusted Bias Adjusted Kappa Score (PABAK)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409379/accuracy-and-inter-operator-variability-of-small-bowel-length-measurement-at-laparoscopy
#15
Benny Gazer, Danny Rosin, Barak Bar-Zakai, Udi Willenz, Ofer Doron, Mordechai Gutman, Avinoam Nevler
BACKGROUND: Measurement of bowel length is an essential surgical skill for laparoscopic and open gastrointestinal surgery in order to achieve favorable outcomes and avoid long-term complications. Variations in accuracy between the two surgical approaches may exist. However, only few studies have tried to assess these differences. Our aim was to assess reliability and inter-rater variability of small bowel length assessment during laparoscopy in an in vivo porcine model. METHODS: This is a single-institution, double-blinded, technical assessment study in a porcine in vivo model...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408233/securing-a-chest-tube-properly-a-simple-framework-for-teaching-emergency-medicine-residents-and-assessing-their-technical-abilities
#16
Raaj K Ruparel, Torrey A Laack, Rushin D Brahmbhatt, Phillip G Rowse, Johnathon M Aho, Yazan N AlJamal, Brian D Kim, David S Morris, David R Farley, Ronna L Campbell
BACKGROUND: Quality-improvement efforts at our institution have identified chest tube dislodgement as a preventable complication of tube thoracostomy. Because proper fixation techniques are not well described in the literature and are seldom formally taught, techniques vary among residents. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop and test a framework for teaching and assessing chest tube securement. METHODS: A repeated-measures study design was used...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408158/validity-of-the-activpal3-activity-monitor-in-people-moderately-affected-by-multiple-sclerosis
#17
E H Coulter, L Miller, S McCorkell, C McGuire, K Algie, J Freeman, B Weller, P G Mattison, A McConnachie, O Wu, L Paul
Walking is the primary form of physical activity performed by people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), therefore it is important to ensure the validity of tools employed to measure walking activity. The aim of this study was to assess the criterion validity of the activPAL3 activity monitor during overground walking in people with MS. Validity of the activPAL3 accelerometer was compared to video observation in 20 people moderately affected by MS. Participants walked 20-30m twice along a straight quiet corridor at a comfortable speed...
April 10, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406071/validation-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-function-in-sitting-test-s-fist-to-assess-sitting-balance-in-subacute-post-stroke-adult-patients
#18
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Fernanda Maria Caballero-Gómez, Carmen Cervera-Cuenca, Raúl Moya-Valdés, Pere Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Function in Sitting Test (FIST) is a clinical functional assessment of sitting balance validated in adults with stroke. For a major use of this, the test is recommended to be translated in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: Translate to Spanish the FIST and determine its intra-rater and inter-rater reliabilities and concurrent validity as a measure of sitting balance in adult individuals with stroke. METHODS: The original version was translated into Spanish and was agreed by a team of experts...
April 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403337/assessment-of-the-nursing-care-product-aprocenf-a-reliability-and-construct-validity-study
#19
Danielle Fabiana Cucolo, Márcia Galan Perroca
Objectives: to verify the reliability and construct validity estimates of the "Assessment of nursing care product" scale (APROCENF) and its applicability. Methods: this validation study included a sample of 40 (inter-rater reliability) and 172 (construct validity) assessments performed by nurses at the end of the work shift at nine inpatient services of a teaching hospital in the Brazilian Southeast. The data were collected between February and September/2014 with interruptions...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401657/validation-of-a-modified-early-warning-score-linked-situation-background-assessment-recommendation-sbar-communication-tool-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Debora Burger, Sue Jordan, Una Kyriacos
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a modified Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation communication tool incorporating components of the Cape Town Modified Early Warning Score vital signs chart for reporting early signs of clinical deterioration. BACKGROUND: Reporting early signs of physiological and clinical deterioration could prevent 'failure to rescue' or unexpected intensive care admission, cardiac arrest or death...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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