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inter-rater reliability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223112/development-of-the-handwriting-legibility-scale-hls-a-preliminary-examination-of-reliability-and-validity
#1
Anna L Barnett, Mellissa Prunty, Sara Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: Demands for the production of legible handwriting produced in a timely manner increase as children progress through school. Despite the considerable number of children faced with handwriting difficulties, there is no quick and practical tool to assess legibility in this population. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop the Handwriting Legibility Scale (HLS) and to establish the scale's reliability and validity. METHODS: The HLS is a non-language dependent scale which assesses global legibility, based on five criteria applied to samples of 'free writing'...
December 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222881/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-nutritional-screening-score-pnss-for-hospitalized-children
#2
Lina Lu, Xiaomeng Mao, Jinye Sheng, Jianhu Huang, Ying Wang, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. A novel pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) was developed and sensitivity, specificity, and reliability were evaluated by comparing with a complete dietetic assessment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221450/peer-feedback-for-examiner-quality-assurance-on-mrcgp-international-south-asia-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
D P Perera, Marie Andrades, Val Wass
BACKGROUND: The International Membership Examination (MRCGP[INT]) of the Royal College of General Practitioners UK is a unique collaboration between four South Asian countries with diverse cultures, epidemiology, clinical facilities and resources. In this setting good quality assurance is imperative to achieve acceptable standards of inter rater reliability. This study aims to explore the process of peer feedback for examiner quality assurance with regard to factors affecting the implementation and acceptance of the method...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218682/the-rimes-statement-a-checklist-to-assess-the-quality-of-studies-evaluating-risk-minimization-programs-for-medicinal-products
#4
Meredith Y Smith, Andrea Russell, Priya Bahri, Peter G M Mol, Sarah Frise, Emily Freeman, Elaine H Morrato
INTRODUCTION: Pharmaceutical risk minimization programs involve interventions designed to support safe and appropriate use of medicines. Currently, information regarding the evaluation of these programs is not publicly reported in a standardized and transparent manner. To address this gap, we developed and piloted a quality reporting checklist entitled the Reporting recommendations Intended for pharmaceutical risk Minimization Evaluation Studies (RIMES). METHODS: Checklist development was guided by three sources: (1) a theoretical framework derived from program theory and process evaluation; (2) public health intervention design and evaluation principles; and (3) a review of existing quality reporting checklists...
December 7, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217766/ultrasonographic-scoring-system-for-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-horses-intra-and-inter-rater-variability
#5
Rafael Alzola Domingo, Chris M Riggs, David S Gardner, Sarah L Freeman
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) tendinopathy is an important musculoskeletal problem in horses. The study objective was to validate an ultrasonographic scoring system for SDFT injuries. Ultrasonographic images from 14 Thoroughbred racehorses with SDFT lesions (seven core; seven diffuse) and two controls were blindly assessed by five clinicians on two occasions. Ultrasonographic parameters evaluated were: type and extent of the injury, location, echogenicity, cross-sectional area and longitudinal fibre pattern of the maximal injury zone (MIZ)...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215972/accuracy-of-smartphone-based-pulse-oximetry-compared-with-hospital-grade-pulse-oximetry-in-healthy-children
#6
Sarah Tomlinson, Sydney Behrmann, James Cranford, Marisa Louie, Andrew Hashikawa
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximetry, a ubiquitous, noninvasive method to monitor oxygen saturation (SpO2), requires larger, nonportable equipment. Smartphone pulse oximeter applications (apps) provide a portable, cost-effective option, but are untested in children. We hypothesize that smartphone pulse oximetry will not be inferior to standard pulse oximetry measured in healthy children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two main types of pulse oximetry apps, a camera-based app (CBA) that uses a phone camera flash and lens and a probe-based app (PBA) that uses an external plug-in probe, were compared with standard pulse oximetry measured in children ages 2-13 years without a respiratory complaint and a triage SpO2 ≥97% seen in a pediatric Emergency Department...
December 7, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209416/reliability-of-analysis-of-the-bone-mineral-density-of-the-second-and-fifth-metatarsals-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa
#7
N Stewart Pritchard, James M Smoliga, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Micah C Branscomb, David R Sinacore, Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford
Background: Metatarsal fractures, especially of the fifth metatarsal, are common injuries of the foot in a young athletic population, but the risk factors for this injury are not well understood. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides reliable measures of regional bone mineral density to predict fracture risk in the hip and lumbar spine. Recently, sub-regional metatarsal reliability was established in fresh cadaveric specimens and associated with ultimate fracture force. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of DXA bone mineral density measurements of sub-regions of the second and fifth metatarsals in a young, active population...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207821/hand-held-dynamometer-is-a-reliable-tool-to-measure-trunk-muscle-strength-in-chronic-stroke
#8
Suruliraj Karthikbabu, Mahabala Chakrapani
Introduction: Patients with chronic stroke show atypical coordination of trunk movement and they find difficulty during bed mobility and transfer skills due to weakness of trunk muscles. Routine bedside clinical examination fails to quantify the trunk muscle strength in patients with stroke. Handheld dynamometer is widely administered to quantify the strength of extremities, but its reliability on testing the trunk muscles strength is limited. Aim: This study aimed at examining the reliability of hand-held dynamometer to quantify the strength of trunk muscle groups in chronic stroke...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205065/ecas-a-b-c-alternate-forms-of-the-edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen
#9
Christopher J Crockford, Michaela Kleynhans, Evelyn Wilton, Ratko Radakovic, Judith Newton, Elaine H Niven, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Orla Hardiman, Thomas H Bak, Sharon Abrahams
BACKGROUND: The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a short assessment by which neuropsychological symptoms can be detected and quantified in people with ALS. To avoid potential practice effects with repeated administration, here we present alternative versions of the ECAS suitable for measuring change over time. OBJECTIVE: To develop two alternate versions of the ECAS: ECAS-B and ECAS-C. METHOD: One hundred and forty-nine healthy adult participants were recruited...
December 5, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204730/development-and-validation-of-a-japanese-fidelity-scale-for-supported-employment
#10
Natsuki Sasaki, Sosei Yamaguchi, Michiyo Shimodaira, Sayaka Sato, Ayano Taneda, Koji Yoshida, Junichiro Ito
The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment is an evidence based practice. Although several agencies have been trying to implement the IPS-model since 2005 in Japan, there was no tool to assess the quality. This study developed a Japanese version of the 25-item Individualized Supported Employment Fidelity Scale (J-ISEF), a new Japanese fidelity tool for supported employment based on the IPS model. A working group consisting of researchers and practitioners was formed to develop J-ISEF based on IPS-25...
December 4, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204585/application-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-patients-treated-with-upper-airway-stimulation-therapy
#11
Adrian A Ong, Christopher M Ayers, Eric J Kezirian, B Tucker Woodson, Nico de Vries, Shaun A Nguyen, M Boyd Gillespie
Objective: To determine the level of agreement among experienced operators of candidacy for upper airway stimulation (UAS) based on evaluation of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Methods: The trial was designed as a single-blinded cross-sectional study. Four otolaryngologists with extensive DISE experience were given 63 video clips from the STAR trial video library. These videos were graded using the VOTE classification. Percentage agreement and Cohen's κ (for inter-rater reliability) were calculated between pairs of reviewers, assessing palatal complete concentric collapse (CCC) and determining UAS eligibility...
June 2017: World journal of otorhinolaryngology—head and neck surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204104/assessing-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-care-measure-in-sexual-health-nurses-consultations
#12
Annemieke P Bikker, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Douglas Murphy, Lorraine Forster, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Increasingly healthcare policies emphasise the importance of person-centred, empathic care. Consequently, healthcare professionals are expected to demonstrate the 'human' aspects of care in training and in practice. The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure is a patient-rated measure of the interpersonal skills of healthcare practitioners. It has been widely validated for use by healthcare professionals in both primary and secondary care. This paper reports on the validity and reliability of the CARE Measure with sexual health nurses...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202987/development-and-reliability-of-the-achilles-tendon-length-measure-and-comparison-with-the-achilles-tendon-resting-angle-on-patients-with-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#13
Maria Swennergren Hansen, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod, Morten Tange Kristensen
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a valid, reliable, and easily applicable clinical measure of the length of the Achilles tendon (AT) after rupture. This study examines the reliability of a new ruler based measurement, the Achilles Tendon Length Measure (ATLM) in comparison with the goniometer-based Achilles Tendon Resting Angle (ATRA). METHODS: Measurements were performed by two independent physiotherapists eight weeks after AT rupture on 28 patients treated non-operatively...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202001/validating-bowel-preparation-scales
#14
Valérie Heron, Robin Parmar, Charles Ménard, Myriam Martel, Alan N Barkun
Background and study aim:  Few scales assessing bowel preparation quality have been validated, and direct between-scale comparisons remain scarce. The aim of the study was to compare inter- and intra-rater reliability, predictive abilities for clinical outcomes, and ease of use for each scale. Methods:  Colonoscopy video recordings highlighting five colonic segments after washing were viewed independently by three physicians, and cleanliness was evaluated using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS), the Chicago Bowel Preparation Scale (CBPS), and the Harefield Cleansing Scale (HCS) in randomized order...
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201389/the-feasibility-of-assessing-swallowing-physiology-following-prolonged-intubation-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#15
Stacey A Skoretz, Terrence M Yau, John T Granton, Rosemary Martino
Background: Dysphagia following prolonged intubation after cardiovascular (CV) surgery is common occurring in 67% of patients; however, this population's swallowing physiology has never been prospectively evaluated using standardized methods. Hence, prior to conducting a larger study, our primary objective was to determine the feasibility of assessing swallowing physiology using instrumentation and validated interpretation methods in cardiovascular surgical patients following prolonged intubation...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200628/the-korean-version-of-relative-and-absolute-reliability-of-gait-and-balance-assessment-tools-for-patients-with-dementia-in-day-care-center-and-nursing-home
#16
Han Suk Lee, Sun Wook Park, Hyung Kuk Chung
[Purpose] This study was aimed to determine the relative and absolute reliability of Korean version tools of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Timed Up and Go (TUG), the Four-Meter Walking Test (4MWT) and the Groningen Meander Walking Test (GMWT) in patients with dementia. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 53 patients with dementia were tested on TUG, BBS, 4MWT and GMWT with a prospective cohort methodological design. Intra-class Correlation Coefficients (ICCs) to assess relative reliability and the standard error of measurement (SEM), minimal detectable change (MDC95) and its percentage (MDC%) to analyze the absolute reliability were calculated...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200447/design-and-validation-of-patient-centered-communication-tools-pact-to-measure-students-communication-skills
#17
Gloria R Grice, Nicole M Gattas, Theresa Prosser, Mychal Voorhees, Clark Kebodeaux, Amy Tiemeier, Tricia M Berry, Alexandria Garavaglia Wilson, Janelle Mann, Paul Juang
Objective. To develop a comprehensive instrument specific to student pharmacist-patient communication skills, and to determine face, content, construct, concurrent, and predictive validity and reliability of the instrument. Methods. A multi-step approach was used to create and validate an instrument, including the use of external experts for face and content validity, students for construct validity, comparisons to other rubrics for concurrent validity, comparisons to other coursework for predictive validity, and extensive reliability and inter-rater reliability testing with trained faculty assessors...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197376/development-and-testing-of-the-kernset-an-instrument-to-assess-the-quality-of-telephone-triage-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-services
#18
Marleen Smits, Ellen Keizer, Paul Ram, Paul Giesen
BACKGROUND: Telephone triage is a core but vulnerable part of the care process at out-of-hours general practitioner (GP) cooperatives. In the Netherlands, different instruments have been used for assessing the quality of telephone triage. These instruments focussed mainly on communicational aspects, and less on the medical quality of triage decisions. Our aim was to develop and test a minimum set of items to assess the quality of telephone triage. METHODS: A national survey among all GP cooperatives in the Netherlands was performed to examine the most important aspects of telephone triage...
December 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195217/effects-of-posture-and-anatomical-location-on-inter-recti-distance-measured-using-ultrasound-imaging-in-parous-women
#19
S Gillard, C G Ryan, M Stokes, M Warner, J Dixon
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional repeated measures. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of posture and measurement site on the inter-recti distance (IRD) and investigate the reliability of IRD measurement using ultrasound imaging in different postures. BACKGROUND: The linea alba connects the rectus abdominis muscles anteriorly and the width is known as the IRD. The IRD is usually measured in crook-lying and is the primary outcome measure to assess for a divarication of recti abdominis (DRA)...
November 22, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194298/establishing-inter-and-intrarater-reliability-for-high-stakes-testing-using-simulation
#20
Suzan Kardong-Edgren, Marilyn H Oermann, Mary Anne Rizzolo, Tamara Odom-Maryon
AIM: This article reports one method to develop a standardized training method to establish the inter- and intrarater reliability of a group of raters for high-stakes testing. BACKGROUND: Simulation is used increasingly for high-stakes testing, but without research into the development of inter- and intrarater reliability for raters. METHOD: Eleven raters were trained using a standardized methodology. Raters scored 28 student videos over a six-week period...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
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