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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108504/youtube-and-the-single-rod-contraceptive-implant-a-content-analysis
#1
Jennifer Paul, Christy M Boraas, Mildred Duvet, Judy C Chang
BACKGROUND: Since the internet has become an important source of contraceptive information with YouTube.com as the second most visited site, we analysed contraceptive implant YouTube videos for content and clinical accuracy. METHODS: Using the terms 'contraceptive implant', 'Nexplanon' and 'Implanon', the top 20 results on YouTube by relevance and view count were identified. After excluding duplicates, single-rod implant videos in English were included. Videos were classified as providing a professional or patient perspective...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107822/does-training-improve-diagnostic-accuracy-and-inter-rater-agreement-in-applying-the-berlin-radiographic-definition-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#2
Jin-Min Peng, Chuan-Yun Qian, Xiang-You Yu, Ming-Yan Zhao, Shu-Sheng Li, Xiao-Chun Ma, Yan Kang, Fa-Chun Zhou, Zhen-Yang He, Tie-He Qin, Yong-Jie Yin, Li Jiang, Zhen-Jie Hu, Ren-Hua Sun, Jian-Dong Lin, Tong Li, Da-Wei Wu, You-Zhong An, Yu-Hang Ai, Li-Hua Zhou, Xiang-Yuan Cao, Xi-Jing Zhang, Rong-Qing Sun, Er-Zhen Chen, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Poor inter-rater reliability in chest radiograph interpretation has been reported in the context of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), although not for the Berlin definition of ARDS. We sought to examine the effect of training material on the accuracy and consistency of intensivists' chest radiograph interpretations for ARDS diagnosis. METHODS: We conducted a rater agreement study in which 286 intensivists (residents 41.3%, junior attending physicians 35...
January 20, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105548/brief-report-the-preliminary-psychometric-properties-of-the-social-communication-checklist
#3
Allison L Wainer, Natalie I Berger, Brooke R Ingersoll
Despite the expansion of early intervention approaches for young children with ASD, investigators have struggled to identify measures capable of assessing social communication change in response to these interventions. Addressing recent calls for efficient, sensitive, and reliable social communication measures, the current paper outlines the refinement and validation of the Social Communication Checklist (SCC). We discuss two small studies exploring the psychometric properties of the SCC and the SCC-R (revised Social Communication Checklist), including sensitivity to change, inter-rater reliability, and test-retest reliability, in two samples of children with ASD and one sample of typically-developing children...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103161/nurses-practice-in-preventing-postoperative-wound-infections-an-observational-study
#4
S Ding, F Lin, A P Marshall, B M Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are serious postoperative complications that may lead to undesired patient outcomes. Previous research has used survey and chart audit methods to describe wound care practices. However, little research has been published using contemporaneous observations to describe the surgical wound management practices of nurses. The aim of this study was to prospectively describe surgical nurses' postoperative wound care practices and the extent to which observed surgical wound practices aligned with evidence-based guideline recommendations...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102534/evacuation-performance-evaluation-tool
#5
Sharon Farra, Elaine T Miller, Matthew Gneuhs, Nathan Timm, Gengxin Li, Ashley Simon, Whittney Brady
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals conduct evacuation exercises to improve performance during emergency events. An essential aspect in this process is the creation of reliable and valid evaluation tools. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implications of a disaster evacuation performance tool that measures one portion of the very complex process of evacuation. DESIGN: Through the application of the Delphi technique and DeVellis's framework, disaster and neonatal experts provided input in developing this performance evaluation tool...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102448/development-of-a-new-assessment-tool-for-cervical-myelopathy-using-hand-tracking-sensor-part-1-validity-and-reliability
#6
M Abdulhadi Alagha, Mahmoud A Alagha, Eleanor Dunstan, Olaf Sperwer, Kate A Timmins, Bronek M Boszczyk
PURPOSE: To assess the reliability and validity of a hand motion sensor, Leap Motion Controller (LMC), in the 15-s hand grip-and-release test, as compared against human inspection of an external digital camera recording. METHODS: Fifty healthy participants were asked to fully grip-and-release their dominant hand as rapidly as possible for two trials with a 10-min rest in-between, while wearing a non-metal wrist splint. Each test lasted for 15 s, and a digital camera was used to film the anterolateral side of the hand on the first test...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099562/development-and-validation-of-the-bush-francis-catatonia-rating-scale-brazilian-version
#7
Ana Letícia Santos Nunes, Alberto Filgueiras, Rodrigo Nicolato, Jussara Mendonça Alvarenga, Luciana Angélica Silva Silveira, Rafael Assis da Silva, Elie Cheniaux
Objective: This article aims to describe the adaptation and translation process of the Bush-Francis Catatonia Rating Scale (BFCRS) and its reduced version, the Bush-Francis Catatonia Screening Instrument (BFCSI) for Brazilian Portuguese, as well as its validation. Methods: Semantic equivalence processes included four steps: translation, back translation, evaluation of semantic equivalence and a pilot-study. Validation consisted of simultaneous applications of the instrument in Portuguese by two examiners in 30 catatonic and 30 non-catatonic patients...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099182/reliability-of-the-revised-swiss-emergency-triage-scale-a-computer-simulation-study
#8
Olivier T Rutschmann, Olivier W Hugli, Christophe Marti, Olivier Grosgurin, Antoine Geissbuhler, Michel Kossovsky, Josette Simon, François P Sarasin
BACKGROUND: The Swiss Emergency Triage Scale (SETS) is a four-level emergency scale that previously showed moderate reliability and high rates of undertriage due to a lack of standardization. It was revised to better standardize the measurement and interpretation of vital signs during the triage process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the inter-rater and test-retest reliability, and the rate of correct triage of the revised SETS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty clinical scenarios were evaluated twice at a 3-month interval using an interactive computerized triage simulator by 58 triage nurses at an urban teaching emergency department admitting 60 000 patients a year...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096013/braden-scale-alb-for-assessing-pressure-ulcer-risk-in-hospital-patients-a-validity-and-reliability-study
#9
Hong-Lin Chen, Ying-Juan Cao, Wei Zhang, Jing Wang, Bao-Sha Huai
PURPOSE: The inter-rater reliability of Braden Scale is not so good. We modified the Braden(ALB) scale by defining nutrition subscale based on serum albumin, then assessed it's the validity and reliability in hospital patients. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study for validity analysis, and a prospective study for reliability analysis. Receiver operating curve (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the predictive validity. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to investigate the inter-rater reliability...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093833/cracking-the-code-residents-interpretations-of-written-assessment-comments
#10
Shiphra Ginsburg, Cees Pm van der Vleuten, Kevin W Eva, Lorelei Lingard
CONTEXT: Interest is growing in the use of qualitative data for assessment. Written comments on residents' in-training evaluation reports (ITERs) can be reliably rank-ordered by faculty attendings, who are adept at interpreting these narratives. However, if residents do not interpret assessment comments in the same way, a valuable educational opportunity may be lost. OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to explore residents' interpretations of written assessment comments using mixed methods...
January 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093376/a-new-angle-and-its-relationship-with-early-fixation-failure-of-femoral-neck-fractures-treated-with-three-cannulated-compression-screws
#11
Yuelei Zhang, Wei Zhang, Changqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Pauwels angle has been used widely, however an accurate evaluation of this angle is difficult because of deformity of the affected lower extremity. Therefore we designed a new measurement of the orientation of femoral neck fracture and applied this in a retrospective study to assess: 1) its reproducibility, 2) its advantages compared with the Pauwels angle, 3) its relationship with the short-term prognosis treated with three cannulated compression screws. HYPOTHESIS: This new measurement is reproducible and has some reference meaning for the treatment of femoral neck fractures...
January 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091847/using-the-newly-developed-floor-sitting-movement-analysis-proforma-to-study-the-effect-of-age-and-activity-on-floor-sitting-in-indian-adults
#12
Anjana Nagrajan, Sebestina A D'Souza
Floor-sitting is culturally relevant to the Indian context. The present study aimed to examine the effect of age and activity on the movement patterns used and time taken to perform floor-sitting in Indian adults. Video-recordings of 30 young (23.30 ± 2.53 years) and 30 older (69.67 ± 6.45 years) adults performing floor-sitting without and with an activity (simulated feeding) were analyzed using the Floor-sitting Movement Analysis Proforma (FMAP) developed for the study. For inter-rater reliability of the FMAP, two raters analyzed the performance of a random sample of 20 participants...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089295/inter-rater-reliability-of-distal-ureteral-diameter-ratio-compared-to-grade-of-vur
#13
A R Swanton, A M Arlen, S E Alexander, K Kieran, D W Storm, C S Cooper
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Management of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) remains controversial, and reflux grade constitutes an important prognostic factor. Recent work has suggested that distal ureteral diameter ratio (UDR) is a predictive factor relative to clinical outcome independent of grade. Previous studies have noted significant inter-rater variability with grading of VUR. The present study compared inter-rater reliability of reflux grade and UDR in children with primary VUR. STUDY DESIGN: Four pediatric urologists independently reviewed, in a blinded fashion, voiding cystourethrograms...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088591/specific-agreement-on-dichotomous-outcomes-in-the-situation-of-more-than-two-raters
#14
Henrica C W de Vet, Rieky E Dikmans, Iris Eekhout
OBJECTIVE: For assessing inter-rater agreement the concepts of observed agreement and specific agreement have been proposed. The situation of two raters and dichotomous outcomes has been described, whereas often times multiple raters are involved. We aim to extend it for more than two raters and examine how to calculate agreement estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: As an illustration we used a reliability study that includes the scores of 4 plastic surgeons classifying photographs of breasts of 50 women, after breast reconstruction into 'satisfied' or 'not satisfied'...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081195/assessment-of-volumetric-versus-manual-measurement-in-disseminated-testicular-cancer-no-difference-in-assessment-between-non-radiologists-and-genitourinary-radiologist
#15
Çiğdem Öztürk, Ton Velleman, Alphons H H Bongaerts, L M Bergman, Robert J van Ginkel, Jourik A Gietema, Harald J Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and reproducibility of semi-automatic volumetric measurement of retroperitoneal lymph node metastases in testicular cancer (TC) patients treated with chemotherapy versus the standardized manual measurements based on RECIST criteria. METHODS: 21 TC patients with retroperitoneal lymph node metastases of testicular cancer were studied with a CT scan of chest and abdomen before and after cisplatin based chemotherapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078763/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-the-pediatric-emergency-discharge-interaction-coding-scheme
#16
Janet A Curran, Alexandra Taylor, Jill Chorney, Stephen Porter, Andrea Murphy, Shannon MacPhee, Andrea Bishop, Rebecca Haworth
BACKGROUND: Discharge communication is an important aspect of high-quality emergency care. This study addresses the gap in knowledge on how to describe discharge communication in a paediatric emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this feasibility study was to develop and test a coding scheme to characterize discharge communication between health-care providers (HCPs) and caregivers who visit the ED with their children. DESIGN: The Pediatric Emergency Discharge Interaction Coding Scheme (PEDICS) and coding manual were developed following a review of the literature and an iterative refinement process involving HCP observations, inter-rater assessments and team consensus...
January 12, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078454/measuring-competency-development-in-objective-evaluation-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies
#17
Natrah Ahmad Nordin, Anna Miles, Jacqui Allen
Clinical interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) has often been criticized for its poor objectivity and inter-rater agreement. In order to address this, objective VFSS measures have been developed, reported and demonstrated to be valid and reliable. However, widespread clinical implementation is lacking. Reasons cited include lack of training and excessive time taken to perform measures. This study investigated competency development in selected standardized objective VFSS measures among speech-language pathologists (SLPs) naive to quantitative measurement...
January 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071843/automated-measurement-of-pressure-injury-through-image-processing
#18
Dan Li, Carol Mathews
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Develop an image processing algorithm to automatically measure pressure injuries using electronic pressure injury images stored in nursing documentation. BACKGROUND: Photographing pressure injuries and storing the images in the electronic health record is standard practice in many hospitals. However, the manual measurement of pressure injury is time-consuming, challenging, and subject to intra-inter-reader variability with complexities of the pressure injury and the clinical environment...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071718/reproducibility-and-repeatability-of-computer-tomography-based-measurement-of-abdominal-subcutaneous-and-visceral-adipose-tissues
#19
Yuan-Hao Lee, Hsing-Fen Hsiao, Hou-Ting Yang, Shih-Yi Huang, Wing P Chan
Excessive accumulation of abdominal adipose tissue is a widely recognized as a major feature of obesity, and it can be quantified by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). However, in a phantom study, the inter- and intra-instrument reliability of DXA remains unpredictable. Thus, we attempted to determine the precision of estimates from computer tomography-based measurements and analysis with AZE Virtual Place software. To determine the inter-rater reproducibility and intra-rater repeatability of adipose tissue area estimates, we used the automatic boundary-tracing function of the AZE Virtual Place to generate cross-sectional areas of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues from the abdomen of reconstructed CT images...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070269/musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-for-thickness-measurement-of-four-principal-muscles-of-the-cervical-spine-a-reliability-and-agreement-study
#20
Cecilie Krage Øverås, Birgitte Lawaetz Myhrvold, Gro Røsok, Eli Magnesen
BACKGROUND: The reliability of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) for the evaluation of neck musculature has been sparsely documented in the research literature. Until now, research has featured a limited number of subjects and only few studies have tested for both inter- and intra-reliability using appropriate methodology. METHODS: Four examiners conducted an inter- and intra-rater reliability and agreement study. Fifty females with and without neck pain (NP) between the ages of 20-70 were recruited from October 2014 to April 2015...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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