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inter-rater reliability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340315/systematic-behavioural-observation-of-executive-performance-after-brain-injury
#1
Mark W Lewis, Duncan R Babbage, Janet M Leathem
OBJECTIVE: To develop an ecologically valid measure of executive functioning (i.e. Planning and Organization, Executive Memory, Initiation, Cognitive Shifting, Impulsivity, Sustained and Directed Attention, Error Detection, Error Correction and Time Management) during a functional chocolate brownie cooking task. METHODS: In Study 1, the inter-rater reliability of a novel behavioural observation assessment method was assessed with 10 people with traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340180/reliability-study-in-five-languages-of-the-translation-of-the-pain-observational-scale-algoplus
#2
Gisèle Pickering, Fiammetta Monacelli, Juan Manuel Pérez-Castejón Garrote, Hirondina Guarda, Luis Batalha, Stephen Gibson, Sumru Savas, Patrizio Odetti, Federica Gandolfo, Elisa Pastorino, Maria José Carrilho Mugeiro, Isabel Pereira Dias, Asli Kilavuz, Nicolas Macian, Bruno Pereira
Objective. : Acute pain is frequent and underestimated in older persons, especially when they suffer from cognitive impairment. Algoplus is an observational scale for acute pain evaluation, validated in French in older persons with communication disorders. We present the validation by an international expert team of the Algoplus scale in five languages: English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Turkish. Methods. : A total of 181 older consecutive patients were included in five countries (Spain, Australia, Italy, Portugal, and Turkey)...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339469/non-invasive-evaluation-of-muscle-disease-in-the-canine-model-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-by-electrical-impedance-myography
#3
Chady H Hakim, Alex Mijailovic, Thais B Lessa, Joan R Coates, Carmen Shin, Seward B Rutkove, Dongsheng Duan
Dystrophin-deficient dogs are by far the best available large animal models for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common lethal childhood muscle degenerative disease. The use of the canine DMD model in basic disease mechanism research and translational studies will be greatly enhanced with the development of reliable outcome measures. Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is a non-invasive painless procedure that provides quantitative data relating to muscle composition and histology. EIM has been extensively used in neuromuscular disease research in both human patients and rodent models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338579/correlative-analysis-of-vertebral-trabecular-bone-microarchitecture-and-mechanical-properties-a-combined-ultra-high-field-7-tesla-mri-and-biomechanical-investigation
#4
Daphne Guenoun, Alexandre Fouré, Martine Pithioux, Sandrine Guis, Thomas Le Corroller, Jean-Pierre Mattei, Vanessa Pauly, Maxime Guye, Monique Bernard, Patrick Chabrand, Pierre Champsaur, David Bendahan
STUDY DESIGN: High resolution imaging and biomechanical investigation of ex-vivo vertebrae OBJECTIVE.: To assess bone microarchitecture of cadaveric vertebrae using ultra-high field (UHF) 7 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to determine whether the corresponding microarchitecture parameters were related to BMD and bone strength assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and mechanical compression tests. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Limitations of DXA for the assessment of bone fragility and osteoporosis have been recognized and criteria of microarchitecture alteration have been included in the definition of osteoporosis...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337769/accuracy-intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-three-scoring-systems-for-the-glottic-view-at-videolaryngoscopy
#5
E J O'Loughlin, A D Swann, J D English, R Ramadas
An accurate and reproducible recording of laryngoscopic view at tracheal intubation is an important aspect of anaesthetic practice. Unlike direct laryngoscopy, in which the view achieved by the line of sight directly relates to the ease of intubating the trachea, videolaryngoscopy can create a situation in which the view is good, but intubation difficult or impossible. Communicating this to a subsequent anaesthetist is important. We compared three scoring systems: Cormack and Lehane; POGO (percentage of glottic opening); and the Fremantle score, as used by 74 critical care doctors rating 30 anonymised videos of videolaryngoscopic intubations...
March 24, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336681/accuracy-and-reliability-of-stroke-diagnosis-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Mark T Mackay, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Access to acute stroke interventions in the emergency department (ED) relies on correct clinical diagnosis. Our aims were to determine the accuracy and reliability of pediatric ED physician diagnosis of childhood stroke and other conditions presenting with brain attack symptoms. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive children aged 1 month to 18 years presenting to the ED from June 2009 to December 2010 with focal neurological deficits...
March 23, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336674/interchangeability-and-reliability-of-macular-perfusion-parameter-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#7
Jing Dong, Ya-Ding Jia, Qiang Wu, Suhua Zhang, Yali Jia, David Huang, Xiaogang Wang
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional observational study. Healthy adult Chinese subjects were recruited. Macular perfusion parameters were automatically analysed by software included in a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. The vessel density (VD) of the whole, parafovea, superior-hemi, inferior-hemi, fovea, temporal, superior, nasal and inferior quadrants as well as the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and choroidal capillary VD (CCVD) were quantified...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335734/evaluation-of-amstar-to-assess-the-methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-in-overviews-of-reviews-of-healthcare-interventions
#8
Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M Fernandes, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. It is recommended that authors assess and report the methodological quality of SRs in overviews-for example, using A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR). Currently, there is variation in whether and how overview authors assess and report SR quality, and limited guidance is available. Our objectives were to: examine methodological considerations involved in using AMSTAR to assess the quality of Cochrane and non-Cochrane SRs in overviews of healthcare interventions; identify challenges (and develop potential decision rules) when using AMSTAR in overviews; and examine the potential impact of considering methodological quality when making inclusion decisions in overviews...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335040/-new-ways-of-diagnosing-adhd-in-adults
#9
Marco Grabemann, Marco Zimmermann, Laura Strunz, Monika Ebbert-Grabemann, Norbert Scherbaum, Bernhard Kis, Christian Mette
Objective Diagnosing Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults requires that ADHD has already been present in childhood. However, recall of ADHD-symptoms in childhood is fallible, for example influenced by mood. Furthermore, diagnostics need a procedure to handle oblivion and judgment biases. The Essen-Interview-for-school-days-related-biography (EIS-B) addresses these problems and offers a tool for retrospectively diagnosing childhood ADHD in adults. Method 36 patients with ADHD, 27 patients with depression or adjustment disorders and 39 healthy controls were included in the pilot study...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#10
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331965/critiquing-operative-fracture-fixation-the-development-of-an-assessment-tool
#11
D H Hawkes, W J Harrison
PURPOSE: Assessments are fundamentally important for training surgeons. Currently, there are no formal means of assessing operative fracture fixation. An assessment tool has been developed which can be used by trainers to critique the quality of a trainee's operative fracture fixation. The tool is based on the AO principles of fracture management. The reliability and validity of the assessment were tested in a prospective study. METHODS: The assessment tool comprises of 4 domains focusing on the different factors pertinent to fracture fixation (reduction, stability, implant and overall impression)...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329849/development-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-mealtime-scan-for-long-term-care
#12
Heather H Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Kaylen J Pfisterer, Susan E Slaughter
Background and Objectives: Poor food intake is common in long-term care (LTC). The mealtime experience has been identified as influential, yet, research has been limited by lack of quality, standardized measures. The purpose of this study was to develop and test for inter-rater reliability the Mealtime Scan (MTS), an observational measure. Research Design and Methods: MTS was derived from the literature on ambiance, mealtime experience, social interactions at mealtimes, and social models of care...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328090/bronchiolitis-score-of-sant-joan-de-d%C3%A3-u-brosjod-score-validation-and-usefulness
#13
Mònica Balaguer, Carme Alejandre, David Vila, Elisabeth Esteban, Josep L Carrasco, Francisco José Cambra, Iolanda Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To validate the bronchiolitis score of Sant Joan de Déu (BROSJOD) and to examine the previously defined scoring cutoff. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, observational study. BROSJOD scoring was done by two independent physicians (at admission, 24 and 48 hr). Internal consistency of the score was assessed using Cronbach's α. To determine inter-rater reliability, the concordance correlation coefficient estimated as an intraclass correlation coefficient (CCC) and limits of agreement estimated as the 90% total deviation index (TDI) were estimated...
April 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320797/design-and-reliability-of-a-specific-instrument-to-evaluate-patient-safety-for-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-treated-in-a-predefined-care-track-a-retrospective-patient-record-review-study-in-a-single-tertiary-hospital-in-the-netherlands
#14
Daniëlle C Eindhoven, C Jan Willem Borleffs, Marlieke F Dietz, Martin J Schalij, Corline Brouwers, Martine C de Bruijne
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have shown that a substantial number of patients suffer from adverse events (AEs) as a result of hospital care. However, specific data on AEs in acute cardiac care are scarce. The current manuscript describes the development and validation of a specific instrument to evaluate patient safety of a predefined care track for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Retrospective patient record review study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 879 hospital admissions treated in a tertiary care centre for an AMI (age 64±12 years, 71% male)...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320626/relationship-between-laryngeal-electromyography-and-video-laryngostroboscopy-in-vocal-fold-paralysis
#15
Joel A Maamary, Ian Cole, Paul Darveniza, Cecilia Pemberton, Helen Mary Brake, Stephen Tisch
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to better define the relationship of laryngeal electromyography and video laryngostroboscopy in the diagnosis of vocal fold paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective diagnostic cohort study with cross-sectional data analysis METHODS: Data were obtained from 57 patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who attended a large tertiary voice referral center. Electromyographic findings were classified according to recurrent laryngeal nerve, superior laryngeal nerve, and high vagal/combined lesions...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318969/auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-voice-quality-of-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-individuals-a-reliability-study
#16
Ana Cristina Coelho, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Ana Carolina Nascimento Fernandes, Daniela Malta de Souza Medved, Eduardo Magalhães da Silva, Fayez Bahmad Júnior
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to present an experience in rating voices of adults with normal hearing and adults with cochlear implants and critically examine the outcomes, discussing pros and cons of the methodology used. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, prospective study. METHODS: One hundred and fifty voice samples, consisting of 50 sustained vowels, 50 samples of connected speech, and 50 samples of conversational speech, belonging to 25 adults with hearing impairment with cochlear implants and 25 adults with normal hearing, were perceptually analyzed for inter-rater agreement and intra-rater reliability...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317095/evaluating-helicopter-emergency-medical-missions-a-reliability-study-of-the-hems-benefit-and-naca-scores
#17
L Raatiniemi, J Liisanantti, M Tommila, S Moilanen, P Ohtonen, M Martikainen, V Voipio, J Reitala, T Iirola
BACKGROUND: The benefits of the Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) and dispatch accuracy are continuously debated, and a widely accepted score to measure the benefits of the mission is lacking. The HEMS Benefit Score (HBS) has been used in Finnish helicopter emergency medical services, but studies are lacking. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) score is widely used to measure the severity of illness or injury in the pre-hospital setting, but it has many critics due to its subjectivity...
March 19, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317009/development-of-an-instrument-to-assess-social-functioning-in-dementia-the-social-functioning-in-dementia-scale-sf-dem
#18
Andrew Sommerlad, David Singleton, Rebecca Jones, Sube Banerjee, Gill Livingston
INTRODUCTION: Social functioning is a core domain in the life of people with dementia, but there is no accepted instrument to measure it. We aimed to develop the Social Functioning in Dementia (SF-DEM) scale and test its psychometric properties for assessing social function in people with dementia. METHODS: We interviewed people with mild dementia and family caregivers to develop patient and caregiver-rated SF-DEM versions and refined them through interviews with health care professionals...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316907/sleep-apps-and-behavioral-constructs-a-content-analysis
#19
Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Jong Cheol Shin, Dayanna M Reeves, Ariana Beattie, Evan Auguste, Girardin Jean-Louis
Although sleep apps are among the most popular commercially available health apps, little is known about how well these apps are grounded in behavioral theory. Three-hundred and sixty-nine apps were initially identified using the term "sleep" from the Google play store and Apple iTunes in September 2015. The final sample consisted of 35 apps that met the following inclusion criteria: 1) Stand-alone functionality; 2) Sleep tracker or monitor apps ranked by 100 + users; 3) Sleep Alarm apps ranked by 1000 + users; and 4) English language...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316270/the-prosthetist-role-expectations-scale-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-clinical-settings
#20
Renee L Mackenzie, Meg E Morris, Gregory Murphy, Margaret C Hodge
BACKGROUND: The role of the prosthetist has changed substantially over the past century. In the transition from 'limb-maker' to 'clinician', the expectations of prosthetics professionals have also changed. OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a new scale capable of assessing and comparing current expectations of the roles of the prosthetist. STUDY DESIGN: Scale development and validation. METHODS: A new scale was constructed in accordance with Organizational Role Theory...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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