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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454416/survivin-dex3-as-a-biomarker-of-thyroid-cancers-a-study-at-the-mrna-and-protein-level
#1
Joanna Waligórska-Stachura, Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Maciej Zabel, Mirosław Andrusiewicz, Paweł Gut, Agata Czarnywojtek, Marek Ruchała
Survivin and its splice variants DEx3 and 2B are involved in pathogenesis of numerous types of cancer. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) level correlates with cellular proliferation. The present study aimed to analyze the potential utility of survivin and its splice variants DEx3 and 2B as biomarkers for thyroid cancer. PCNA, survivin and its splice variants DEx3 and 2B expressions were analyzed in 22 tissue samples (15 thyroid cancers and 7 benign lesions) by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454364/personalized-therapy-tests-for-the-monitoring-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-development
#2
Małgorzata Rogalińska, Paweł Góralski, Jerzy Z Błoński, Paweł Robak, Jan Barciszewski, Aneta Koceva-Chyła, Henryk Piekarski, Tadeusz Robak, Zofia M Kilianska
There is individual variation in the course of disease development and response to therapy of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Novel treatment options for CLL include a new generation of purine analogs, antibodies and inhibitors of specific cell signaling pathways, which typically induce apoptosis or necrosis. A prospective analysis of patient blood samples revealed that a combination of four tests allowed the most appropriate and effective type of treatment to be selected prior to drug administration, and for the analysis of leukemic cell sensitivity to anticancer drug(s) during disease development...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454151/high-power-frequency-comb-source-tunable-from-2-7-to-4-2%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-based-on-difference-frequency-generation-pumped-by-an-yb-doped-fiber-laser
#3
Grzegorz Soboń, Tadeusz Martynkien, Paweł Mergo, Lucile Rutkowski, Aleksandra Foltynowicz
We demonstrate a broadband mid-infrared (MIR) frequency comb source based on difference frequency generation (DFG) in periodically poled lithium niobate crystal. MIR radiation is obtained via mixing of the output of a 125 MHz repetition rate Yb-doped fiber laser with Raman-shifted solitons generated from the same source in a highly nonlinear fiber. The resulting idler is tunable in the range of 2.7-4.2 μm, with average output power reaching 237 mW and pulses as short as 115 fs. The coherence of the MIR comb is confirmed by spectral interferometry and heterodyne beat measurements...
May 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454064/withaferin-a-a-steroidal-lactone-encapsulated-mannose-decorated-liposomes-ameliorates-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-intriguing-the-macrophage-repolarization-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritic-rats
#4
Farhath Sultana, Manoj Kumar Neog, MahaboobKhan Rasool
In order to develop a better therapeutic approach for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), withaferin-A; a steroidal lactone incorporated with mannosylated liposomes (ML-WA) was administered to adjuvant induced arthritic rats in intent to target the synovial macrophages. The confocal microscopy studies showed a successful internalization of ML-WA in the primarily isolated synovial macrophages. Consequently, targeting synovial macrophages via ML-WA reduced the oxidative stress (ROS and NO), and paw edema, however, a progressive gain in the body weight was observed in AIA rats...
April 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448180/renal-denervation-decreases-blood-pressure-and-renal-tyrosine-hydroxylase-but-does-not-augment-the-effect-of-hypotensive-drugs
#5
Janusz Skrzypecki, Maciej Gawlak, Tomasz Huc, Paweł Szulczyk, Marcin Ufnal
The effect of renal denervation on the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs has not yet been elucidated. Twenty-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with metoprolol, losartan, indapamide, or saline (controls) and assigned to renal denervation or a sham procedure. Acute hemodynamic measurements were performed ten days later. Series showing a significant interaction between renal denervation and the drugs were repeated with chronic telemetry measurements. In the saline series, denervated rats showed a significantly lower mean arterial blood pressure (blood pressure) than the sham-operated rats...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447572/effects-of-bone-marrow-derived-msc-transplantation-on-functional-recovery-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury-comparisons-of-transplant-locations-and-cell-concentrations
#6
Jessica J Matyas, Andrew N Stewart, Allison Goldsmith, Zhenhong Nan, Reid L Skeel, Julien Rossignol, Gary L Dunbar
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a widely disabling condition, constraining those affected by it to wheelchairs and requiring intense daily care and assistance. Cell replacement therapies, targeting regeneration of cells in the injured cord, are currently gaining momentum in the field of SCI research. Previous studies indicate that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can reduce functional deficits through immunomodulation and production of trophic factors in a variety of neurological disorders. The present study assessed the efficacy of transplanted bone marrow-derived MSCs at different concentrations and locations for promoting functional recovery following SCI...
April 26, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447506/anti-inflammatory-and-gastroprotective-potential-of-leaf-essential-oil-of-cinnamomum-glanduliferum-in-ethanol-induced-rat-experimental-gastritis
#7
Samar S Azab, Gehad A Abdel Jaleel, Omayma A Eldahshan
CONTEXT: Nothing could be found in the literature concerning Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall) Meissn (Lauraceae) bark (CG) in Egypt. OBJECTIVE: To investigate CG volatile oil chemically and its anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Essential oils were investigated by GC-MS. Leaves oil was assessed at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg for its anti-inflammatory effect against carrageenan-induced rat oedema model...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447339/activity-of-anti-inflammatory-analgesic-and-antigenotoxic-of-the-aqueous-flower-extracts-of-opuntia-microdasys-lem-pfeiff
#8
Hassiba Chahdoura, Safia El Bok, Taoufik Refifa, Khaoula Adouni, Fethia Khemiss, Habib Mosbah, Mossadok Ben-Attia, Guido Flamini, Lotfi Achour
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic and the anti-inflammatory activity of Opuntia microdasys at post flowering stage, F3 (OMF3) in rat and, in other hand, its antigenotoxic effects by the Allium cepa test. METHODS: OMF3 extracts were screened for activity of analgesic and anti-inflammatory using, respectively, the acetic acid writhing test in mice and the carrageenan-induced paw oedema assay in rats. The antigenotoxic has been evaluated by A...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446948/characterization-of-nociceptive-behaviors-induced-by-formalin-in-the-glabrous-and-hairy-skin-of-rats
#9
Elaheh Erami, Hassan Azhdari-Zarmehri, Keiji Imoto, Hidemasa Furue
INTRODUCTION: Glabrous skin and hairy skin are innervated by different types of noxious fibers. However, the different nociceptive behaviors induced by formalin, a commonly used model of acute inflammatory pain, have not yet been systematically examined in the glabrous and hairy skin. METHODS: In this study, we compared nociceptive behaviors induced by formalin injections (2%, 4%, and 8%) into either glabrous skin (plantar surface) of the hind paw or hairy skin of the hind limb in adult rats...
January 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446935/anaesthesia-of-the-posterior-urethra-and-pain-reduction-during-cystoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sławomir Poletajew, Sylwia Bender, Paweł Pudełko, Marcin Łykowski, Tomasz Piecha, Bartosz Sutkowski, Piotr Radziszewski
INTRODUCTION: Standard intra-urethral instillation of anaesthetic gel may not sufficiently exclude pain perception during cystoscopy. AIM: To evaluate the impact of the anaesthesia within the posterior urethra on pain intensity related to cystoscopy in men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-seven men undergoing cystoscopy were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group (66 vs...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446831/antinociceptive-and-antioxidant-activities-of-the-methanolic-extract-of-telfairia-occidentalis-seeds
#11
Olukemi Adetutu Osukoya, Daniel Adegbenro, Sunday A Onikanni, Oluwafemi A Ojo, Amos Onasanya
CONTEXT: The seeds of Telfairia occidentalis have been known to possess different biological properties and are used in traditional medicine in Africa and Asia to treat many ailments. The plant is particularly noted traditionally for its healing properties and is usually consumed in the form of herbal decoctions/concoctions as a blood tonic, to treat sudden attacks of convulsions, pain, malaria and anaemia. AIMS: In the present study, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies were done on the methanolic extract of the seeds of Telfairia occidentalis to evaluate its antioxidant and antinociceptive properties to substantiate its traditional use...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445853/cannabidiol-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-interactions-on-acute-pain-and-locomotor-activity
#12
Stevie C Britch, Jenny L Wiley, Zhihao Yu, Brian H Clowers, Rebecca M Craft
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) may potentiate or antagonize Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol's (THC) effects. The current study examined sex differences in CBD modulation of THC-induced antinociception, hypolocomotion, and metabolism. METHODS: In Experiment 1, CBD (0, 10 or 30mg/kg) was administered 15min before THC (0, 1.8, 3.2, 5.6 or 10mg/kg), and rats were tested for antinociception and locomotion 15-360min post-THC injection. In Experiments 2 and 3, CBD (30mg/kg) was administered 13h or 15min before THC (1...
April 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445709/gait-analysis-and-weight-bearing-in-pre-clinical-joint-pain-research
#13
Kristina Ängeby Möller, Heta Svärd, Anni Suominen, Jarmo Immonen, Johanna Holappa, Carina Stenfors
BACKGROUND: There is a need for better joint pain treatment, but development of new medication has not been successful. Pre-clinical models with readouts that better reflect the clinical situation are needed. In patients with joint pain, pain at rest and pain at walking are two major complaints. NEW METHOD: We describe a new way of calculating results from gait analysis using the CatWalk™ setup. Rats with monoarthritis induced by injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) intra-articularly into the ankle joint of one hind limb were used to assess gait and dynamic weight bearing...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445515/correlation-of-histopathologic-characteristics-to-protein-expression-and-function-in-malignant-melanoma
#14
Charlotte Welinder, Krzysztof Pawłowski, A Marcell Szasz, Maria Yakovleva, Yutaka Sugihara, Johan Malm, Göran Jönsson, Christian Ingvar, Lotta Lundgren, Bo Baldetorp, Håkan Olsson, Melinda Rezeli, Thomas Laurell, Elisabet Wieslander, György Marko-Varga
BACKGROUND: Metastatic melanoma is still one of the most prevalent skin cancers, which upon progression has neither a prognostic marker nor a specific and lasting treatment. Proteomic analysis is a versatile approach with high throughput data and results that can be used for characterizing tissue samples. However, such analysis is hampered by the complexity of the disease, heterogeneity of patients, tumors, and samples themselves. With the long term aim of quest for better diagnostics biomarkers, as well as predictive and prognostic markers, we focused on relating high resolution proteomics data to careful histopathological evaluation of the tumor samples and patient survival information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444094/jumping-in-aquatic-environment-after-sciatic-nerve-compression-nociceptive-evaluation-and-morphological-characteristics-of-the-soleus-muscle-of-wistar-rats
#15
Jéssica Aline Malanotte, Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata, Jhenifer Karvat, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective: To evaluate the effect of jumping in aquatic environment on nociception and in the soleus muscle of trained and not trained Wistar rats, in the treatment of compressive neuropathy of the sciatic nerve. Methods: Twenty-five Wistar rats were distributed into five groups: Control, Lesion, Trained + Lesion, Lesion + Exercise, and Trained + Lesion + Exercise. The training was jumping exercise in water environment for 20 days prior to injury, and treatment after the injury...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442945/pulse-train-stimulation-of-primary-somatosensory-cortex-blocks-pain-perception-in-tail-clip-test
#16
Soohyun Lee, Eunjin Hwang, Dongmyeong Lee, Jee Hyun Choi
Human studies of brain stimulation have demonstrated modulatory effects on the perception of pain. However, whether the primary somatosensory cortical activity is associated with antinociceptive responses remains unknown. Therefore, we examined the antinociceptive effects of neuronal activity evoked by optogenetic stimulation of primary somatosensory cortex. Optogenetic transgenic mice were subjected to continuous or pulse-train optogenetic stimulation of the primary somatosensory cortex at frequencies of 15, 30, and 40 Hz, during a tail clip test...
April 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441420/mapping-of-the-brain-hemodynamic-responses-to-sensorimotor-stimulation-in-a-rodent-model-a-bold-fmri-study
#17
Salem Boussida, Amidou S Traoré, Franck Durif
Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent functional MRI (BOLD fMRI) during electrical paw stimulation has been widely used in studies aimed at the understanding of the somatosensory network in rats. However, despite the well-established anatomical connections between cortical and subcortical structures of the sensorimotor system, most of these functional studies have been concentrated on the cortical effects of sensory electrical stimulation. BOLD fMRI study of the integration of a sensorimotor input across the sensorimotor network requires an appropriate methodology to elicit functional activation in cortical and subcortical areas owing to the regional differences in both neuronal and vascular architectures between these brain regions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441100/women-s-health-as-an-ideological-and-political-issue-restricting-the-right-to-abortion-access-to-in-vitro-fertilization-procedures-and-prenatal-testing-in-poland
#18
Piotr Żuk, Paweł Żuk
The authors describe the problems of women in Poland, who have limited access to abortion, in vitro fertilization procedures and prenatal tests. The current situation stems from ideological pressure which affects women's health issues. This is part of a broader syndrome of the conservative approach to women's health in Eastern Europe, as well as the factor that strengthens the extreme right in Europe. As women's sexual health is demonized, women less often undergo preventive examinations. Making the debate about health more rational requires radical socio-cultural changes in this part of the world...
April 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440447/anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-of-oxymatrine-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-rats-via-regulating-the-imbalance-between-treg-and-th17-cells
#19
Ailing Ma, Yongya Yang, Qiuyang Wang, Yin Wang, Jing Wen, Yanli Zhang
Oxymatrine (OMT), a monosomic alkaloid extracted from the Chinese herb, Sophora flavescens Ait, has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential anti‑inflammatory effect of OMT, and its modulation on imbalance between regulatory T (Treg) cells and T helper (Th) 17 cells in rats with collagen‑induced arthritis (CIA). Sprague‑Dawley rats were immunized with type II collagen and following a second collagen immunization, the rats were treated with OMT or dexamethasone (DXM) intraperitoneally once a day for 43 days...
April 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439429/the-standards-of-an-ultrasound-examination-of-the-prostate-gland-part-2
#20
REVIEW
Janusz F Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek
The paper discusses the rules of the proper performing of the ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. It has been divided into two parts: the general part and the detailed part. The first part presents the necessary requirements related to the ultrasound equipment needed for performing transabdominal and transrectal examinations of the prostate gland. The second part presents the application of the ultrasound examination in benign prostatic hyperplasia, in cases of prostate inflammation and in prostate cancer...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
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