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cardiology, cardiac surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329764/-analysis-of-mortality-and-hospital-stay-in-cardiac-surgery-in-mexico-2015-data-from-the-national-cardiology-institute
#1
Alejandra Rodríguez-Hernández, Martha García-Torres, Eduardo Bucio Reta, Francisco Martín Baranda-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To analyse hospital mortality in patients subjected to cardiac surgery in Mexico during the year 2015, and identify the mortality risks factors, and its correlation with days of hospital stay in the cardiovascular intensive care unit. METHOD: The database of Cardiovascular Intensive Care of the National Institute of Cardiology was examined for this cases and controls study that included only adult patients subjected to cardiac surgery during the year 2015...
January 9, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321796/heart-rate-variability-a-new-tool-to-predict-complications-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#2
Antonio Nenna, Mario Lusini, Cristiano Spadaccio, Francesco Nappi, Salvatore Matteo Greco, Raffaele Barbato, Elvio Covino, Massimo Chello
Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to the variations between consecutive heartbeats, which depend on the continuous modulation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. HRV has been shown to be effective as a predictor of risk after myocardial infarction and an early warning sign of diabetic neuropathy, and in the cardiology setting is now recognized to be a useful tool for risk-stratification after hospital admission and after discharge. Recent evidences suggest that HRV analysis might predict complications even in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and the present review summarizes the importance of HRV analysis in adult cardiac surgery and the perspectives for HRV use in current clinical practice...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321066/perioperative-management-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery-following-coronary-stent-placement-a-systematic-review
#3
Christopher P Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Jesus G Ulloa, Ian T MacQueen, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Roberta Shanman, Selene Mak, Jessica M Beroes, Paul G Shekelle
BACKGROUND: The correct perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) is often debated by clinicians. American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend postponing elective NCS at least 3 months after stent implantation. Regardless of the timing of surgery, ACC/AHA guidelines recommend continuing at least ASA throughout the perioperative period and ideally continuing dual APT (DAPT) therapy "unless surgery demands discontinuation...
January 10, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317805/compression-of-the-right-coronary-artery-by-an-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-after-infective-endocarditis-an-unusual-case-of-myocardial-ischemia
#4
Juan Lacalzada-Almeida, Alejandro De la Rosa-Hernández, María Manuela Izquierdo-Gómez, Javier García-Niebla, Iván Hernández-Betancor, Juan Alfonso Bonilla-Arjona, Antonio Barragán-Acea, Ignacio Laynez-Cerdeña
A 61-year-old male with a prosthetic St Jude aortic valve size 24 presented with heart failure symptoms and minimal-effort angina. Eleven months earlier, the patient had undergone cardiac surgery because of an aortic root dilatation and bicuspid aortic valve with severe regurgitation secondary to infectious endocarditis by Coxiela burnetii and coronary artery disease in the left circumflex coronary artery. Then, a prosthesis valve and a saphenous bypass graft to the left circumflex coronary artery were placed...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301463/hospitalization-associated-disability-in-older-adults-with-valvular-heart-disease-incidence-risk-factors-and-its-association-with-care-processes
#5
Maren Jonckers, Bastiaan Van Grootven, Ester Willemyns, Miek Hornikx, Anthony Jeuris, Christophe Dubois, Marie-Christine Herregods, Mieke Deschodt
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and recovery of hospitalisation-associated disability (HAD), the associated risk factors, and the link with care processes in patients aged 70 years or older hospitalised with valvular heart disease (VHD). METHODS: Prospective cohort study performed on the cardiology and cardiac surgery units of University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium. HAD was defined as the loss of independence to complete one of the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) between hospital admission and discharge...
January 4, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300869/educational-needs-and-application-of-guidelines-in-the-management-of-patients-with-mitral-regurgitation-a-european-mixed-methods-study
#6
Bernard Iung, Victoria Delgado, Patrice Lazure, Suzanne Murray, Per Anton Sirnes, Raphael Rosenhek, Susanna Price, Marco Metra, Céline Carrera, Michele De Bonis, Michael Haude, Gerhard Hindricks, Jeroen Bax, Alec Vahanian
Aims: To assess the knowledge and application of European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines in the management of mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods and results: A mixed-methods educational needs assessment was performed. Following a qualitative phase (interviews), an online survey was undertaken using three case scenarios (asymptomatic severe primary MR, symptomatic severe primary MR in the elderly, and severe secondary MR) in 115 primary care physicians (PCPs), and 439 cardiologists or cardiac surgeons from seven European countries...
January 2, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286280/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-electrophysiology
#7
Mitchell I Cohen, Susan Etheridge, Shubhayan Sanatani, Alpay Celiker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286279/key-events-in-the-history-of-cardiac-surgery-and-paediatric-cardiology
#8
Tom R Karl, Gerard R Martin, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Gil Wernovsky
In this report, the authors prepared an opinion poll regarding the most important people, events, technologies, concepts, discoveries, and therapies in paediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. The results were presented in continuous slide show format at the 2017 Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery (WCPCCS 2017), Barcelona, Spain. The presentation (under international copyright) is made available herein for educational purposes.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286278/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-paediatric-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery-the-olympics-of-our-profession
#9
Mitchell I Cohen, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sertac Cicek
The 1st World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology was held in London, United Kingdom, in 1980, organised by Dr Jane Somerville and Prof. Fergus Macartney. The idea was that of Jane Somerville, who worked with enormous energy and enthusiasm to bring together paediatric cardiologists and surgeons from around the world. The 2nd World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology took place in New York in 1985, organised by Bill Rashkind, Mary Ellen Engle, and Eugene Doyle. The 3rd World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology was held in Bangkok, Thailand, in 1989, organised by Chompol Vongraprateep...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286276/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-cardiac-surgery
#10
Tom R Karl
The 2017 Seventh World Congress was held in Barcelona, Spain, 16-21 July. The week in review for this meeting is presented in the current issue of Cardiology in the Young, and herein we discuss the surgical highlights of the programme.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286275/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-congenital-cardiac-anaesthesia
#11
Mark Twite, Wanda Miller-Hance
The seventh meeting of the World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery was an opportunity for healthcare professionals from around the world to meet and discuss current issues affecting patients with acquired and CHD. A dedicated anaesthesia track facilitated the exchange of ideas and fostered many new friendships. This review highlights the congenital cardiac anaesthesia track and the involvement of the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society in the congress.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286274/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-interventional-cardiology
#12
Damien P Kenny, Ziyad M Hijazi
The interventional cardiology track at the 7th World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery reflects the pivotal position of transcatheter interventions in the future of our speciality. The highlights of the week are outlined in this review.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286273/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-imaging
#13
Elif S Selamet Tierney
The Imaging Program at the 7th World Congress highlighted the versatility and diagnostic power of the current and upcoming imaging tools in Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery. Several experts presented interesting as well as practical data on the use of 2D and 3D Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography in the fetus, child, and adult with congenital heart disease. Bridging sessions coupled use of these imaging modalities and screening practices in patients with acquired heart disease...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286266/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-adults-with-chd
#14
Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Daniel Tobler, Carole Warnes
For the first time in 2017 adults with CHD was included in the World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery. With growing numbers and more complex patients reaching adulthood, there is a growing need for more attention to this subspecialty. Although survival is excellent and now over 90% of patients reach adulthood, many have residual problems and complications. Heart failure and arrhythmias are most commonly encountered. Life-expectancy is nearly normal for mild lesions, but remains reduced in moderate-complex lesions and re-interventions are often needed...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286265/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-heart-failure-transplantation-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#15
Jonathan N Johnson, D Dunbar Ivy
The heart failure, heart transplantation, and pulmonary hypertension workgroups of the Scientific Committee were honoured to be asked to plan a full slate of sessions at the 2017 World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery. In all there were 35 oral platform presentations, a further 14 oral platform presentations in "Bridging Together" sessions with other workgroups/specialties, a terrific debate about transplant listing in adult CHD patients, and a further 23 oral abstract presentations. The speakers were clear and concise, the research presented was ground-breaking, and the global representation was evident...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286264/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-ambulatory-pediatric-cardiology
#16
Devyani Chowdhury
The Seventh World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology was held in Barcelona in July, 2017. The central philosophy of the congress was "bridging together" all major specialties in the field. This article summarises the highlights of the meeting as it relates to ambulatory paediatric cardiology. There is a now a more unified approach to children with CHD, including assessment of neuro-developmental outcomes. The new World Heart Foundation criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever remain controversial.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286263/bridging-together-teamwork-in-caring-for-the-family-touched-by-chd
#17
Richard A Jonas
In the opening plenary address of the 2017 7th World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery the author, who represented the World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery at the Congress and is currently the Society's president, described the history of the formation of the World Society. He listed accomplishments of the World Society including publication of the only journal devoted to congenital cardiac surgery, development of a global database, and convening several international conferences dating back to the inaugural conference in Washington, DC in 2007...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240607/the-clinical-impact-of-cardiology-consultation-prior-to-major-vascular-surgery
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Frank M Davis, Yeo June Park, Scott F Grey, Anna E Boniakowski, M Ashraf Mansour, Krishna M Jain, Timothy Nypaver, Michael Grossman, Hitinder Gurm, Peter K Henke
OBJECTIVE: To understand statewide variation in preoperative cardiology consultation prior to major vascular surgery and to determine whether consultation was associated with differences in perioperative myocardial infarction (poMI). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Medical consultation prior to major vascular surgery is obtained to reduce perioperative risk. Despite perceived benefit of preoperative consultation, evidence is lacking specifically for major vascular surgery on the effect of preoperative cardiac consultation...
January 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238981/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-transfusion-associated-circulatory-overload-in-a-mixed-intensive-care-unit-population-a-nested-case-control-study
#19
Joachim J Bosboom, Robert B Klanderman, Maarten Zijp, Markus W Hollmann, Denise P Veelo, Jan M Binnekade, Bart F Geerts, Alexander P J Vlaar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) in a cohort of mixed intensive care unit patients and to compare risk factors with those for cardiac overload in the absence of transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, patients who developed TACO were compared using multivariate analysis of two control groups: patients without pulmonary deterioration who received transfusion and patients who developed circulatory overload in the absence of transfusion...
December 13, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232248/endocarditis-in-the-setting-of-idu-multidisciplinary-management
#20
Bobby Yanagawa, Anees Bahji, Wiplove Lamba, Darrell H Tan, Asim Cheema, Ishba Syed, Subodh Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of the medical and surgical management of infective endocarditis secondary to IDU, with a focus on the underlying substance use disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with infective endocarditis secondary to IDU are often young with unique comorbidities including mental illness, chronic hepatitis C, HIV infection, which are often compounded by limited social and familial supports. The focus of management has been treatment of endocarditis using IV antibiotics alongside surgery...
December 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
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