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cardiology, cardiac surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915163/impact-of-transfusion-on-stroke-after-cardiovascular-interventions-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#1
Debora Brascia, Noemi Garcia-Medina, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Tuomas Tauriainen, Juhani Airaksinen, Fausto Biancari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of transfusion on the development of stroke after cardiovascular interventions. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify comparative studies on the impact of blood transfusion on the occurrence of stroke after adult cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology procedures. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies compared the outcome of 80 283 patients who received and 2 260 709 patients who did not receive blood transfusion after cardiovascular interventions...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912774/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-men-and-women-5%C3%A2-years-after-a-coronary-angiography
#2
Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among men and women patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on HRQOL between men and women, 5 years after a coronary angiography. METHODS: The study included 1,289 out of 4,391 patients who had undergone an angiography in the National Institute for Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology, Luxembourg in 2008/2009...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909765/cardiac-masses-experience-from-a-turkish-tertiary-center-of-cardiology
#3
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, M Kahyaoglu, B Omar, S Izci, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, S Coban, O Candan, E Yanik, I A Izgi, N O Barisik
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac masses comprise a category that includes benign, malignant, and nontumoral mass lesions. The present study aims to share the findings relating to cardiac masses observed at our tertiary cardiology hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The records of patients who presented with cardiac masses and underwent surgery at our institute between 2006 and 2015, and whose tissue samples were sent to a pathology laboratory, were retrospectively reviewed in a consecutive manner...
December 1, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908576/the-united-states-pediatric-cardiology-2015-workforce-assessment-a%C3%A2-survey%C3%A2-of-current-training-and%C3%A2-employment-patterns-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-american-academy-of-pediatrics-section-on-cardiology-and-cardiac
#4
Robert D Ross, Shubhika Srivastava, Antonio G Cabrera, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Carrie L Radabaugh, L LuAnn Minich, William T Mahle, David W Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906717/spectrum-of-postoperative-complications-in-pulmonary-hypertension-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#5
Roop K Kaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to identify chronic pulmonary conditions which may often not be recognized preoperatively especially before elective noncardiac surgery and which carry the highest risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: This review discusses some of the most recent studies that highlight the perioperative complications, and their prevention and management strategies. SUMMARY: Pulmonary hypertension is a well recognized risk factor for postoperative complications after cardiac surgery but the literature surrounding noncardiac surgery is sparse...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849302/surgery-for-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-adults-early-outcomes
#6
Imran Khan, Zafar Tufail, Saeed Afridi, Madiha Iqbal, Tipu Khan, Abdul Waheed
Objective: To study the in-hospital outcome of adult patients who had undergone surgical repair for Tetralogy of Fallot. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Punjab Institute of Cardiology searching the hospital records. All those adult patients who had undergone repair for Tetralogy of Fallot from January 2012 to December 2014 were included in the study. All the patients were operated by the same surgical team. Patients who underwent primary repair as well as those with previous palliative procedures were included in the study...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834766/humanitarian-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery-in-sub-saharan-africa-can-we-reshape-the-model
#7
Endale Tefera, Berhanu Nega, Dejuma Yadeta, Yilkal Chanie
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, humanitarian cardiology and cardiac surgery have shifted toward sending short-term surgical and catheter missions to treat patients. Although this model has been shown to be effective in bringing cardiovascular care to the patients' environment, its effectiveness in creating sustainable service is questioned. This study reports the barriers to contribution of missions to effective skill transfer and possible improvements needed in the future, from the perspective of both the local and overseas teams...
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822623/-esc-and-aha-guidelines-2015-on-endocarditis-in-competition-or-synchrony
#8
Bernhard Maisch
In the 2015 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) on infective endocarditis, the diagnostics are based on the modified Duke criteria. The diagnosis can be confirmed by a combination of micro-organisms demonstrated in culture or in situ, with the detection of valvular lesions or abscess formation by an imaging modality using echocardiography, positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), cardio-CT or nuclear medical methods. The management should be further improved by an interdisciplinary endocarditis team in a specifically designated reference center...
December 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772597/closed-mitral-commissurotomy-during-pregnancy-in-east-africa
#9
Robert Kramer, Reed Quinn, Agneta Odera, Robert Groom, Nancy Boulanger, Eric Gunnoe, Russell White
Cardiac surgeons traveling to East Africa on humanitarian surgical missions treat a large number of people of all ages with rheumatic heart disease. A patient with severe mitral stenosis with pulmonary edema in the second trimester of pregnancy was treated successfully with closed mitral commissurotomy in a hospital in rural Kenya. An operation from the late 1940s may regain prominence more than 70 years later in areas of the world with a high incidence of rheumatic heart disease and limited cardiology and cardiac surgery resources...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753765/risk-adjustment-for-congenital-heart-surgery-score-as-a-risk-factor-for-candidemia-in-children-undergoing-congenital-heart-defect-surgery
#10
Fabio de Araujo Motta, Libera Maria Dalla-Costa, Marisol Dominguez Muro, Andrea Lenzi, Gledson Luiz Picharski, Marion Burger
BACKGROUND: Candida species are the primary cause of invasive fungal infection in hospitalized children. There are few data on risk factors for postoperative candidemia in pediatric patients with congenital heart defects. This study aimed to identify risk factors for candidemia in patients with congenital heart defects who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted in patients admitted to a pediatric cardiology intensive care unit from January 2006 to December 2013...
November 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730011/risk-stratification-in-lung-resection
#11
Michele Salati, Alessandro Brunelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Surgery is considered the best treatment option for patients with early stage lung cancer. Nevertheless, lung resection may cause a variable functional impairment that could influence the whole cardio-respiratory system with potential life-threatening complications. The aim of the present study is to review the most relevant evidences about the evaluation of surgical risk before lung resection, in order to define a practical approach for the preoperative functional assessment in lung cancer patients...
2016: Current Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727088/cardiac-surgery-or-interventional-cardiology-why-not-both-let-s-go-hybrid
#12
Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Panagiotis Dedeilias, Michalis Argiriou, Christos Charitos
A hybrid strategy, firstly performed in the 1990s, is a combination of tools available only in the catheterization laboratory with those available only in the operating room in order to minimize surgical morbidity and face with any cardiovascular lesion. The continuous evolution of stent technology along with the adoption of minimally invasive surgical approaches, make hybrid approaches an attractive alternative to standard surgical or transcatheter techniques for any given set of cardiovascular lesions. Examples include hybrid coronary revascularization, when an open surgical anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery is performed along with stent implantation in non-left anterior descending coronary vessels, open heart valve surgery combined with percutaneous coronary interventions to coronary lesions, hybrid aortic arch debranching combined with endovascular grafting for thoracic aortic aneurysms, hybrid endocardial and epicardial atrial fibrillation procedures, and carotid artery stenting along with coronary artery bypass grafting...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725476/clinical-features-of-acute-and-fulminant-myocarditis-in-children%C3%A3-2nd-nationwide-survey-by-japanese-society-of-pediatric-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery
#13
Hiroyuki Matsuura, Fukiko Ichida, Tsutomu Saji, Shunichi Ogawa, Kenji Waki, Masahide Kaneko, Masahiro Tahara, Takashi Soga, Yasuo Ono, Satoshi Yasukochi
BACKGROUND: The 1st nationwide survey by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery of acute or fulminant myocarditis (AMC/FMC) in children revealed that the survival rate of FMC was only 51.6%. The 2nd nationwide survey was performed to evaluate the recent outcomes of pediatric myocarditis.Methods and Results:Questionnaires regarding patients aged ≤18 years with AMC/FMC during the period from January 2006 to December 2011 were mailed. A total of 221 cases (age 6...
October 4, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721936/role-of-radionuclide-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-device-and-prosthetic-valve-infections
#14
Jean-François Sarrazin, François Philippon, Mikaël Trottier, Michel Tessier
Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection and prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) remain a diagnostic challenge. Cardiac imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with CIED infection or PVE. Over the past few years, cardiac radionuclide imaging has gained a key role in the diagnosis of these patients, and in assessing the need for surgery, mainly in the most difficult cases. Both (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) and radiolabelled white blood cell single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (WBC SPECT/CT) have been studied in these situations...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708487/the-use-of-continuous-electrocardiographic-holter-monitoring-in-pediatric-cardiology
#15
Zijo Begic, Edin Begic, Senka Mesihovic-Dinarevic, Izet Masic, Senad Pesto, Mirza Halimic, Almira Kadic, Amra Dobraca
OBJECTIVE: To show the place and role of continuous electrocardiographic twenty-four-hour ECG monitoring in daily clinical practice of pediatric cardiologists. METHODS: According to protocol, 2753 patients underwent dynamic continuous ECG Holter monitoring (data collected from the "Register of ECG Holter monitoring" of Pediatric Clinic, UCC Sarajevo in period April 2003- April 2015). RESULTS: There were 50,5% boys and 49,5% girls, aged from birth to 19 years (1,63% - neonates and infants, 2,6% - toddlers, 9,95% - preschool children, 35,5% - gradeschoolers and 50,3% children in puberty and adolescence)...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701490/audit-of-availability-and-distribution-of-paediatric-cardiology-services-and-facilities-in-nigeria
#16
Ekanem N Ekure, Wilson E Sadoh, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Adeola A Orogade, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle, Iretiola Babaniyi, Maxwell U Anah, Barbara E Otaigbe, Adebiyi Olowu, Frances Okpokowuruk, Samuel I Omokhodion, Ogechi C Maduka, Uvie U Onakpoya, Daberechi K Adiele, Usman M Sani, Mustapha Asani, Christopher S Yilgwan, Queennette Daniels, Chinyere C Uzodimma, Chika O Duru, Mohammad B Abdulkadir, Joseph K Afolabi, John A Okeniyi
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria have been perceived to be inadequate but no formal documentation of availability and distribution of facilities and services has been done. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and document the currently available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria. METHODS: In this questionnaire-based, cross-sectional descriptive study, an audit was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2014, of the personnel and infrastructure, with their distributions according to geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687628/-which-patients-with-infective-endocarditis-require-emergency-surgery
#17
François Delahaye
Half of patients with infectious endocarditis have surgery during the active phase of infective endocarditis (before the end of antibiotic therapy). The American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology, independently from each other, have published guidelines in September 2015. As regards surgical indications, these guidelines are similar. The surgical indication must be a common decision of a multidisciplinary team of experts in cardiology, cardiac surgery, imaging and infectious diseases...
September 26, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676464/disparities-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Enid Y Sun, Yuri T Jadotte, William Halperin
PURPOSE: Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients following an acute cardiac event or cardiac surgery according to the The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Studies have shown that there are differences in cardiac rehabilitation participation rates between sociodemographic groups. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to synthesize quantitative data on the relationship between outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) attendance and various sociodemographic factors...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671175/skeletonization-of-left-internal-mammary-artery-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#19
Muhammad Sohail Chaudhri, Muhammad Usman Ali Shah, Muhammad Imran Asghar, Rashad Siddiqi, Asif Mahmood Janjua, Afsheen Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: To compare mean per-operative flow capacity between skeletonized and pedicled left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Cardiac Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases (AFIC-NIHD), Rawalpindi, Pakistan from February to August, 2013. METHODOLOGY: Patients undergoing CABG for coronary artery disease, under 80 years, excluded by the exclusion criteria; and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to two groups of 70 each...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650214/causes-of-hospitalisation-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-secular-trends-2006-2014-silesian-cardiovascular-silcard-database-covering-a-population-of-4-6-million-subjects
#20
Mariusz Gąsior, Damian Pres, Wojciech Wojakowski, Paweł Buszman, Zbigniew Kalarus, Michał Hawranek, Marek Gierlotka, Andrzej Lekston, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Marian Zembala, Lech Poloński, Michał Tendera
INTRODUCTION    Despite the progress that occurred in cardiology in the recent years, cardiovascular (CV) diseases still remain the main cause of death in European countries. The knowledge concerning the structure of hospital admissions for CV  diseases and clinical outcomes is fragmentary. OBJECTIVES    To analyse the characteristics and outcome of patients hospitalised with a CV diagnosis between 2006 and 2014, included in the Silesian Cardiovascular Database (SILCARD). PATIENTS AND METHODS    SILCARD is based on the data from the Regional Department of National Health Fund...
September 20, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
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