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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638013/-surgical-treatment-of-diabetic-neuroosteoarthropathy-dnoap-and-its-long-term-results
#1
V M Bensman, Yu P Savchenko, S E Gumenyuk, K G Triandafilov, P P Vasil'chenko, S N Pyatakov, V V Khoritonenko
AIM: To develop pathogenetically justified surgical treatment of diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy (DNOAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 52 patients were operated and long-term results were studied in 36 of them. 2 groups were assessed depending on completeness of surgical treatment including changed synovial structures removal. Tarso-metatarsal arthrodesis was created after synovectomy in median foot to restore longitudinal arch. Cruro-calcaneal neoarthrosis was performed after elimination of posterior focus of DNOAP...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631280/age-and-sex-associated-morphological-variations-of-metatarsal-torsional-patterns-in-humans
#2
Masateru Kitashiro, Naomichi Ogihara, Tetsuro Kokubo, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeo Nagura
It has been demonstrated that the torsional patterns of the metatarsal heads are associated with the presence or absence of the medial longitudinal arch in hominoid feet. The relatively untwisted second metatarsal is unique in humans, but that of the African apes is much more inverted, suggesting that the torsion of the second metatarsal might represent the overall shape and flatness of the foot. Some clinical studies have recently argued that the onset of foot pathologies such as hallux valgus might be related to the torsional pattern of the metatarsals...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626309/does-the-weakening-of-intrinsic-foot-muscles-cause-the-decrease-of-medial-longitudinal-arch-height
#3
Kazunori Okamura, Shusaku Kanai, Sadaaki Oki, Satoshi Tanaka, Naohisa Hirata, Yoshiaki Sakamura, Norikatsu Idemoto, Hiroki Wada, Akira Otsuka
[Purpose] There are no reliable evidences that the weakening of intrinsic foot muscles causes the decrease of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) height. The purpose of this study was to confirm whether the fatigue of intrinsic foot muscles decrease the MLA height during standing and gait using 3D motion analysis system. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy male subjects participated in this study. Foot kinematics was measured using an Oxford Foot Model before and after fatigue-inducing exercises of the abductor hallucis and flexor hallucis brevis muscles...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603352/impact-of-wearing-a-functional-foot-orthotic-on-the-ankle-joint-angle-of-frontal-surface-of-young-adults-with-flatfoot
#4
KyoChul Seo, SeungHwan Park, KwangYong Park
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of proprietary foot orthotics in young adults with flatfoot to determine changes in the ankle joint angle in the coronal plane during the midstance phase. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 15 college students diagnosed with flatfoot. Changes in the ankle joint angle in the coronal plane in the midstance phase were measured using the Vicon Motion System before and after use of the orthotic. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Win 16...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596806/custom-made-foot-orthoses-an-analysis-of-prescription-characteristics-from-an-australian-commercial-orthotic-laboratory
#5
Hylton B Menz, Jamie J Allan, Daniel R Bonanno, Karl B Landorf, George S Murley
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in the prevention and treatment of foot disorders. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of custom-made foot orthosis prescriptions from a Australian podiatric orthotic laboratory. METHODS: One thousand consecutive foot orthosis prescription forms were obtained from a commercial prescription foot orthosis laboratory located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Footwork Podiatric Laboratory). Each item from the prescription form was documented in relation to orthosis type, cast correction, arch fill technique, cast modifications, shell material, shell modifications and cover material...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587575/comparison-of-multisegmental-foot-and-ankle-motion-between-total-ankle-replacement-and-ankle-arthrodesis-in-adults
#6
Sang Gyo Seo, Eo Jin Kim, Doo Jae Lee, Kee Jeong Bae, Kyoung Min Lee, Dong Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Total ankle replacement (TAR) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) are usually performed for severe ankle arthritis. We compared postoperative foot segmental motion during gait in patients treated with TAR and AA. METHODS: Gait analysis was performed in 17 and 7 patients undergoing TAR and AA, respectively. Subjects were evaluated using a 3-dimensional multisegmental foot model with 15 markers. Temporal gait parameters were calculated. The maximum and minimum values and the differences in hallux, forefoot, hindfoot, and arch in 3 planes (sagittal, coronal, transverse) were compared between the 2 groups...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571173/flat-foot-in-a-random-population-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functionality
#7
Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Francisco Alonso-Tajes, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Sergio Perez-Garcia, Rocio Seijo-Bestilleiro, Vanesa Balboa-Barreiro
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot is a common deformity in adults. It is characterized by medial rotation and plantar flexion of the talus, eversion of the calcaneus, collapsed medial arch and abduction of the forefoot. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of flat foot and its impact on quality of life, dependence, foot pain, disability and functional limitation among random population of 40-year-old and above. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study in a random population sample from Cambre (A Coruña-Spain) (n=835) was performed (α =0...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566805/association-of-arch-height-with-ankle-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-adult-men
#8
X Zhao, T Tsujimoto, B Kim, K Tanaka
Differences in arch height may have a certain impact on lower extremity muscle strength and physical performance. However, there is little evidence from investigation of the possible correlation of arch height with ankle muscle strength and physical performance measures. Sixty-seven participants took part in this study. Arch height index (AHI) was assessed and categorized using a 3-dimension foot scanner. Ankle muscle strength was measured employing a dynamometer. Physical performance measures including agility, force and proprioception were randomly tested...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566167/in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-of-meissner-s-corpuscles-in-diabetic-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathy
#9
Peter D Creigh, Michael P McDermott, Janet E Sowden, Michele Ferguson, David N Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in-vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) of Meissner's corpuscles (MC) in diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSP). METHODS: Forty-three adults with diabetes and 21 control subjects underwent RCM of MC density at the fingertip of digit V, thenar eminence (TE), and arch of the foot, ankle skin biopsy for epidermal nerve fiber density (ENFD), electrophysiological studies, monofilament threshold testing, and timed vibration at the toe...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561380/functional-adaptation-of-the-calcaneus-in-historical-foot-binding
#10
Natalie Reznikov, Carina Phillips, Martyn Cooke, Amin Garbout, Farah Ahmed, Molly M Stevens
The normal structure of human feet is optimized for shock dampening during walking and running. Foot binding was a historical practice in China aimed at restricting the growth of female feet for aesthetic reasons. In a bound foot the shock-dampening function normally facilitated by the foot arches is withdrawn, resulting in the foot functioning as a rigid extension of the lower leg. An interesting question inspiring this study regards the nature of adaptation of the heel bone to this non-physiological function using the parameters of cancellous bone anisotropy and 3D fabric topology using a novel inter-trabecular angle (ITA) analysis...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559643/variability-between-clarke-s-angle-and-chippaux-smirak-index-for-the-diagnosis-of-flat-feet
#11
Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Beatriz Lopez-Calviño, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Vicente Gil-Guillen
BACKGROUND: The measurements used in diagnosing biomechanical pathologies vary greatly. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between Clarke's angle and Chippaux-Smirak index, and to determine the validity of Clarke's angle using the Chippaux-Smirak index as a reference. METHODS: Observational study in a random population sample (n= 1,002) in A Coruña (Spain). After informed patient consent and ethical review approval, a study was conducted of anthropometric variables, Charlson comorbidity score, and podiatric examination (Clarke's angle and Chippaux-Smirak index)...
March 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553850/how-the-three-arches-of-the-foot-intercorrelate
#12
Abdullahi Suleiman Gwani, Mohd Asnizam Asari, Zul Izhar Mohd Ismail
BACKGROUND: The foot is composed of medial, lateral and transverse arches which, particularly the medial arch, provide it with the ability to function both as a flexible and rigid structure for proper locomotion. Arches of the foot, as well as their effect on lower extremity function, have been studied. However, quantitative data on the relationship between these arches still remain scanty. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to examine how the three arches of the foot intercorrelate...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551468/effects-of-different-movement-modes-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-patterns-in-obese-and-non-obese-chinese-children
#13
Yan Song-Hua, Wang Lu, Zhang Kuan
Walking, slow running (jogging) and fast running often occur in daily life, Physical Education Class and Physical Fitness Test for children. However, potential impact of jogging and running on plantar pressure of children is not clear. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of plantar pressure distribution patterns in obese and non-obese children during walking, jogging and running, and evaluate biomechanical effects of three movements on obese children. A 2-m footscan plantar pressure plate (RSscan International, Belgium) was used to collect the gait data of 20 obese children (10...
May 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541016/pedal-arch-patency-and-not-direct-angiosome-revascularization-predicts-outcomes-of-endovascular-interventions-in-diabetic-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#14
Nicola Troisi, Filippo Turini, Emiliano Chisci, Leonardo Ercolini, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Renzo Lombardi, Francesca Falciani, Cristiana Baggiore, Roberto Anichini, Stefano Michelagnoli
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pedal arch status and direct-angiosome revascularization (DAR) on clinical outcomes in diabetic patients with foot wounds undergoing endovascular revascularization. METHODS: Between January 2014 and June 2015 93 diabetic patients with foot wounds underwent endovascular revascularization of at least one below-the-knee vessel. Patients were divided into three groups according to the pedal arch status: complete pedal arch (CPA), incomplete pedal arch (IPA) and absent pedal arch (APA)...
May 24, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539678/evaluation-of-foot-static-disturbances-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases
#15
Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal, Katarzyna Kaniewska, Zofia Dzięcioł-Anikiej, Piotr Adrian Klimiuk
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatic diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis constitute the most frequent pathological states leading to the development of foot deformities, which reduce quality of life and cause disability. The aim of the present study was to compare the results of plantoconturographic examinations, obtained by means of a computer podoscope, in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis patients. Special attention was paid to the differences in the values of each parameter determining the level of foot function...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538254/acute-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-as-presentation-of-hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies-in-a-patient-who-exercised-regularly-in-the-army
#16
Malathi Perugula, Gulshan Uppal, Miguel Chuquilin
Acute generalized neuropathy as the presenting manifestation of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is rare. We report a 19-year-old Army recruit who exercised regularly for 9 months and presented with 2 weeks of numbness, tingling, and weakness in both upper and lower extremities, starting 2 weeks after influenza vaccination and 1 day after vigorous exercise. Based on acute onset, clinical examination and electrophysiological findings, Guillain-Barre syndrome was diagnosed, and intravenous immunoglobulin was administered with minimal improvement...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533601/plantar-pressure-differences-among-adults-with-mild-flexible-flatfoot-severe-flexible-flatfoot-and-normal-foot-when-walking-on-level-surface-walking-upstairs-and-downstairs
#17
Jun Na Zhai, Jue Wang, Yu Sheng Qiu
[Purpose] This study observed the plantar pressure between flexible flatfoot and normal foot on different walking conditions to find out if flexible flatfoot needs the treatment and how the plantar pressure change while walking upstairs and downstairs. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen adults with mild flexible flatfoot, fifteen adults with severe flexible flatfoot and fifteen adults with normal foot were examined while walking on a level surface, walking up and down 10 cm and 20 cm stairs. The max force and the arch index were acquired using the RSscan system...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#18
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487048/relationship-between-grading-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiographic-parameters-in-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#19
Kazuya Ikoma, Yusuke Hara, Masamitsu Kido, Kan Imai, Masahiro Maki, Suzuyo Ohashi, Toshikazu Kubo
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the relationship between the state of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT) on magnetic resonance images and foot deformity. The cases included 34 feet in 27 patients with PTT deformity and the controls included 18 feet in 12 patients who had undergone magnetic resonance imaging for other foot diseases. The PTT was closely examined on the magnetic resonance images and classified using the Conti classification. The control feet with no injury to the PTT were classified as grade 0...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#20
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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