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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210029/gender-related-differences-in-lower-limb-alignment-range-of-joint-motion-and-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-japanese-university-athletes
#1
Yasuhiro Mitani
[Purpose] To investigate the gender-related differences in lower limb alignment, range of joint motion, and history of lower limb sports injuries in Japanese university athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 224 Japanese university athletes (154 males and 70 females). The quadriceps angle (Q-angle), arch height index, and ranges of internal and external rotation of the hip joints were measured. History of lower limb sports injury was surveyed using a questionnaire. [Results] Females had a significantly higher Q-angle and hip joint internal rotation angle and a significantly lower arch height index than males...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209169/vascular-impulse-technology-versus-elevation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-swelling-of-extremity-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marc Schnetzke, Benedict Swartman, Isabel Bonnen, Holger Keil, Svenja Schüler, Paul A Grützner, Jochen Franke
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the extremities are often complicated by a variable degree of swelling secondary to hemorrhage and soft tissue injury. Patients typically require up to 7 days of inpatient bed rest and elevation to reduce swelling to an acceptable level for operative treatment with internal fixation. Alternatively, an intermittent pneumatic compression device, such as the Vascular Impulse Technology (VIT) system, can be used at the injured extremity to reduce the posttraumatic swelling...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198638/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-arch-flexibility-a-proposed-arch-flexibility-classification-system-for-the-description-of-multi-dimensional-foot-structure
#3
Rebecca Avrin Zifchock, Christal Theriot, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Michael Neary
BACKGROUND: The correlation between arch structure and injury may be related to the fact that foot structure influences foot function. Foot structure is often defined by arch height, although arch flexibility may be just as important to form a more complete description. We propose an arch flexibility classification system, analogous to arch height classification, and then use the classification system to examine the relationship between arch flexibility and arch height. METHODS: Arch height index was calculated in 1,124 incoming military cadets, of whom 1,056 had usable data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144406/fatigue-effect-on-linear-center-of-pressure-measures-during-gait-in-people-with-flat-feet
#4
Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Sahar Boozari, Ali Ashraf Jamshidi, Mohammad Reza Nikmaram
BACKGROUND: Flat foot, as one of the common foot deformities can affect gait biomechanics and risk of lower extremity injury. Fatigue, as a high load task, can also change biomechanical parameters of locomotion. Studying normal and flat footed individuals under high load tasks such as fatigue can elucidate their differences more easily. OBJECTIVES: In this study, center of pressure (CoP) changes were studied between individuals with flat and normal feet after fatigue...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134642/popliteal-pterygium-syndrome-with-syngnathia
#5
Andrea Sisti, Nicola Freda, Alessandro Giacomina, Gian Luca Gatti
Popliteal pterygium syndrome is a condition characterized by skin webs of skin on the popliteal fossa, which may impair mobility unless surgically repaired. Affected individuals may also have syndactyly on the fingers and/or toes. Most people with this disorder present cleft lip and cleft palate and they can have syngnathia, which is a congenital adhesion between maxilla and mandible by fibrous bands, which affects the opening of the mouth. The case that we report is about a 2-month-old male, who presented skin webs bilaterally on the popliteal fossa, syndactyly between the IV and the V toe of the right foot and between the III and the IV toe of the left foot, and genital malformations...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121362/anatomy-pathophysiology-and-classification-of-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#6
M Guelfi, A Pantalone, R M Mirapeix, D Vanni, F G Usuelli, M Guelfi, V Salini
OBJECTIVE: Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is generally associated with a collapsing medial longitudinal arch and a progressive loss of strength of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT). This condition is commonly associated with PTT dysfunction or rupture, which can have an arthritic or a traumatic etiology. Several causes have been proposed to explain the clinical evidence of tendon degeneration observed at the time of surgery including trauma, anatomical, mechanical, inflammatory and ischemic factors...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117255/examination-of-the-correlation-between-foot-morphology-measurements-using-pedography-and-radiographic-measurements
#7
Kentaro Inui, Kazuya Ikoma, Kan Imai, Suzuyo Ohashi, Masahiro Maki, Masamitsu Kido, Yusuke Hara, Yoshinobu Oka, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Pedography provides excellent visualization of the footprint. However, the correlation between the footprint images and radiographic measures has not been thoroughly evaluated. Therefore, the objectives of our study were to examine the correlation between the pedography-based measures of foot morphology and radiographic measurements and to propose reference values for the diagnosis of flatfoot using footprint imaging. The plantar footprints of 100 right feet were photographed using a pedography standing platform...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110242/three-dimensional-analysis-of-tarsal-bone-response-to-axial-loading-in-patients-with-hallux-valgus-and-normal-feet
#8
Kota Watanabe, Yasutoshi Ikeda, Daisuke Suzuki, Atsushi Teramoto, Takuma Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Toshihiko Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Patients with hallux valgus present a variety of symptoms that may be related to the type of deformity. Weightbearing affects the deformities, and the evaluation of the load response of tarsal bones has been mainly performed using two-dimensional plane radiography. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare structural changes in the medial foot arch between patients with hallux valgus and normal controls using a computer image analysis technique and weightbearing computed tomography data...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093260/shear-and-pressure-under-the-first-ray-in-neuropathic-diabetic-patients-implications-for-support-of-the-longitudinal-arch
#9
Brian Davis, Mariam Crow, Visar Berki, Daniela Ciltea
OBJECTIVE: To assess dynamic arch support in diabetic patients at risk for Charcot neuroarthopathy whose arch index has not yet shown overt signs of foot collapse. METHODS: Two indirect measures of toe flexor activation (ratios: peak hallux pressure to peak metatarsal pressure - Ph/Pm; peak posterior hallux shear to peak posterior metatarsal shear - Sh/Sm) were obtained with a custom built system for measuring shear and pressure on the plantar surface of the foot during gait...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058661/an-old-mismanaged-lisfranc-injury-treated-by-gradual-deformity-correction-followed-by-the-second-stage-internal-fixation
#10
Mehraj D Tantray, Khurshid Kangoo, Asif Nazir, Muzamil Baba, Raja Rameez, Syed Tabish, Syed Shahnawaz
The Lisfranc fracture-dislocation of the foot is uncommon and diagnosis is often missed. The Lisfranc joint involves the articulation between medial cuneiform and base of the second metatarsal and is considered a keystone to structural integrity to the midfoot. The articulation has a stabilization effect on longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot. A neglected or untreated injury to the Lisfranc joint can lead to secondary arthritis and significant morbidity and disability. We present a case of a neglected Lisfranc fracture-dislocation in a 28-year-old female patient who presented 3 months after injury...
January 5, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033044/caliper-method-versus-digital-photogrammetry-for-assessing-arch-height-index-in-pregnant-women
#11
Kathryn D Harrison, Jean L McCrory
BACKGROUND: Foot anthropometry may be altered during pregnancy. Pregnant women often report lower-extremity pain that may be related to these alterations. The Arch Height Index Measurement System is a common method of foot arch assessment; however, the required calipers are costly and are not widely available. Thus, we compared the reliability of a digital photogrammetry method of arch height index (AHI) assessment with that of the Arch Height Index Measurement System. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (mean ± SD: age, 29 ± 4 years; height, 166...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002322/the-effect-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-prolotherapy-on-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-after-ankle-syndesmotic-surgery-a-case-report
#12
Tae-Ha Lim, Hyung Rae Cho, Keum Nae Kang, Chang Joon Rhyu, Sung Won Chon, Young Su Lim, Jee In Yoo, Jung-Won Kim, Young Uk Kim
RATIONALE: Ankle syndesmotic injuries occasionally require long-term therapy for recovery and can result in tendon injury. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is an acquired deformity that can cause flatfoot deformity. The current nonoperative management of PTTD includes nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), orthopedic devices. Although various treatment options have been attempted, optimal treatments for each stage of the condition are debated. Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is effective in healing of chronic wounds associated with tissue damage by attracting tissue growth factors...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992254/an-investigation-of-structure-flexibility-and-function-variables-that-discriminate-asymptomatic-foot-types
#13
Sarah P Shultz, Jinsup Song, Andrew P Kraszewski, Jocelyn F Hafer, Smita Rao, Sherry Backus, Rajshree Mootanah, Howard J Hillstrom
It has been suggested that foot type consider not only foot structure (high, normal, low arch), but also function (over-pronation, normal, over-supination) and flexibility (reduced, normal, excessive). Therefore, this study used canonical regression analyses to assess which variables of foot structure, function, and flexibility can accurately discriminate between clinical foot type classifications. The feet of 61 asymptomatic, healthy adults (18-77 years) were classified as cavus (N=24), rectus (N=54), or planus (N=44) using standard clinical measures...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989338/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-flatfoot-and-patellar-subluxation-in-adolescents
#14
Yu Han, Deyu Duan, Kangcheng Zhao, Xiaohong Wang, Liu Ouyang, Guanjie Liu
Patellar subluxation is common in adolescents, and a variety of factors are related to this condition, with valgus of the knee joint an important factor. The results of many studies suggest that flatfoot can cause an abnormality of the lower limb power line. Structural abnormalities of the foot caused by the high stresses exerted by body weight can lead to structural deformity of the knee and can also cause knee valgus. Screening for foot problems can help determine the risk of patellar subluxation, and early intervention can lessen the incidence of this condition...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984479/commentary-on-reliability-of-the-arch-height-index-as-a-measure-of-foot-structure-in-children
#15
Susan A Rethlefsen, Mia J Katzel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984478/reliability-of-the-arch-height-index-as-a-measure-of-foot-structure-in-children
#16
Lisa C Drefus, Paz Kedem, Siobhan M Mangan, David M Scher, Howard J Hillstrom
PURPOSE: To determine the intrarater and interrater reliability of the arch height index (AHI) in children developing typically. The AHI is tested with a device that measures foot structure. METHODS: Thirty children, ages 6 to 12 years, participated for a total of n = 60 feet. The AHI measurements were taken by 2 investigators in sitting and standing and repeated twice by each investigator in a single visit. Intrarater and interrater reliabilities were determined using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (2,1) statistical analysis...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942135/the-effects-of-short-foot-exercises-and-arch-support-insoles-on-improvement-in-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-and-dynamic-balance-of-flexible-flatfoot-patients
#17
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study is to apply short foot exercises and arch support insoles in order to improve the medial longitudinal arch of flatfoot and compare the results to identify the effects of the foregoing exercises on the dynamic balance of the feet and the lower limbs. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen university students with flexible flatfoot were selected by conducting navicular drop tests and randomly assigned to a short foot exercise group of seven subjects and an arch support insoles group of seven subjects...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942134/examinations-of-factors-influencing-toe-grip-strength
#18
Masayuki Soma, Shin Murata, Yoshihiro Kai, Hideyuki Nakae, Yousuke Satou, Jun Murata, Junya Miyazaki
[Purpose] This study examined the relationship between toe grip strength and its associated factors by focusing on factors that were suggested to have a relationship with toe grip strength in previous studies, aiming to clarify the factors influencing the toe grip strength of healthy women. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve healthy young women were selected for this study. Their toe grip strength, angular changes in their ankle joint during toe grip, maximum voluntary contraction activities of the rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior muscles, and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscles were measured using electromyography...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924730/congenital-malformations-attributed-to-prenatal-exposure-to-cyclophosphamide
#19
Padmanabhan Rengasamy
Cyclophosphamide (CPA) remains one of the most widely prescribed anticancer drugs. It is also used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, childhood nephrotic syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. It is a potent immunosuppressive agent. It is commonly used in blood and bone marrow transplantation. With the growing trend among women postponing childbearing, the number of women who are diagnosed with breast cancer is also increasing thus escalating the chances of exposure of the unborn child to antineoplastic drugs...
December 6, 2016: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915133/novel-reconstruction-technique-for-an-isolated-plantar-calcaneonavicular-spring-ligament-tear-a-5-case-series-report
#20
Ezequiel Palmanovich, Shay Shabat, Yaron S Brin, Sabri Massrawe, Iftach Hestroni, Meir Nyska
BACKGROUND: It is usually accepted that acquired flatfoot deformity after injury is usually due to partial or complete tear of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT), with secondary failure of the other structures which maintain the medial longitudinal arch, such as the plantar calcaneo-navicular (SPRING) ligament. It is unusual to find an isolated Spring Ligament (SL) tear, with an intact TP tendon. METHODS: The medial arch reconstruction technique of an isolated SL tear in 5 patients is presented discussed in this paper...
November 18, 2016: Foot
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