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fiber and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221984/postharvest-reduction-of-coliphage-ms2-from-romaine-lettuce-during-simulated-commercial-processing-with-and-without-a-chlorine-based-sanitizer
#1
Samantha L Wengert, Tiong Gim Aw, Elliot T Ryser, Joan B Rose
Viral foodborne outbreaks are a serious threat to public health, and fresh produce is becoming increasingly recognized as a transmission vehicle. To limit foodborne disease, ready-to-eat leafy greens are typically washed with a chlorine-based sanitizer during commercial production. This study assessed the efficacy of a chlorine-based sanitizer against coliphage MS2, as a potential surrogate for foodborne viruses, on fresh-cut romaine lettuce during simulated commercial production using a small-scale processing line...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219433/several-grain-dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-improved-shortfall-nutrient-intakes-in-us-children-and-adolescents-a-study-focusing-on-the-2015-2020-dietary-guidelines-for-americans
#2
Yanni Papanikolaou, Julie Miller Jones, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: The present study identified the most commonly consumed grain food patterns in US children and adolescents (2-18 years-old; N = 8,367) relative to those not consuming grains and compared diet quality and nutrient intakes, with focus on 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) shortfall nutrients. METHODS: Cluster analysis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2010, identified 8 unique grain food patterns: a) no consumption of main grain groups, b) cakes, cookies and pies, c) yeast bread and rolls, d) cereals, e) pasta, cooked cereals and rice, f) crackers and salty snacks, g) pancakes, waffles and French toast and other grains, and h) quick breads...
February 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219413/effect-of-waxy-barley-kirarimochi-consumption-on-bowel-movements-of-late-stage-elderly-residents-at-roken-nursing-home
#3
Keiko Taniguchi, Kozo Komae, Asuka Takahashi, Toji Yoshioka, Yoshiaki Sone
BACKGROUND: It is very important for the late-stage elderly to have the least stressful bowel movements for maintaining a good quality of life. It is generally accepted that consuming adequate dietary fiber is a promising method for the prevention and management of stressful bowel movements such as those during constipation. Therefore, we examined the effect of long-term consumption of waxy barley, which is high in dietary fiber, on the bowel movements of the late-stage elderly living at Roken nursing home (a geriatric health services facility), Japan...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219381/transformation-of-the-released-asbestos-carbon-fibers-and-carbon-nanotubes-from-composite-materials-and-the-changes-of-their-potential-health-impacts
#4
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Lukas Schlagenhauf, Ari Setyan
Composite materials with fibrous reinforcement often provide superior mechanical, thermal, electrical and optical properties than the matrix. Asbestos, carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely used in composites with profound impacts not only on technology and economy but also on human health and environment. A large number of studies have been dedicated to the release of fibrous particles from composites. Here we focus on the transformation of the fibrous fillers after their release, especially the change of the properties essential for the health impacts...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219317/dietary-fiber-gap-and-host-gut-microbiota
#5
Meng Han, Ping Liu, Defa Li, Yuan Li, Xi Ma
Accumulating evidence are dramatically increasing access to the facts that the gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in host metabolism and health, which revealed the possibility of a plethora of associations between gut bacteria and human diseases. Several functional roles carried out by a major class of host's diet, such as fiber. Fiber is the main source of microbiota-accessible carbohydrate in the diet of humans. In modern diet, it is difficult to intake dietary fiber as enough as recommended standard. The low-fiber diet in the modern life, known as fiber gap, can trigger to a substantial depletion of the human gut microbiota diversity and beneficial metabolites...
February 20, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219191/-study-of-optic-radiations-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-with-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#6
T Li, W Miao, H G He, J F Xian
Objective: To study the alteration of the optic radiations in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography, and to reveal the correlation between the DTI derived parameters and the severity of the disease. Methods: A total of 24 patients with POAG and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study from January 2011 to June 2013.All subjects underwent ophthalmoscopy, standard automatic perimetry, intraocular pressure measurement and MRI scanning...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218657/whole-grains-contribute-only-a-small-proportion-of-dietary-fiber-to-the-u-s-diet
#7
Sibylle Kranz, Kevin W Dodd, Wen Yen Juan, LuAnn K Johnson, Lisa Jahns
Dietary fiber (DF), found in whole fruits, vegetables, and whole grains (WG), is considered a nutrient of concern in the US diet and increased consumption is recommended. The present study was designed to highlight this critical importance of the difference between WG, high-fiber WG, and sources of fiber that are not from WG. The study is based on the two-day diets reported consumed by the nationally representative sample of Americans participating in What We Eat In America, the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2003-2010...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215885/robotic-milking-feeding-strategies-and-economic-returns
#8
Alex Bach, Victor Cabrera
Cows in herds equipped with conventional milking parlors follow a structured, consistent, and social milking and feeding routine. Furthermore, in most cases cows in conventional herds receive all their nutrients from a total mixed ration, whereas in herds equipped with robotic or automatic milking systems (AMS) a fraction of their nutrients is provided during milking, mainly as a means to attract cows to the milking system. In this regards, AMS present both a challenge and an opportunity for feeding cows. The main challenge resides in maintaining a minimum and relatively constant milking frequency in AMS...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215311/rate-of-eating-in-early-life-is-positively-associated-with-current-and-later-body-mass-index-among-young-japanese-children-the-osaka-maternal-and-child-health-study
#9
Hitomi Okubo, Yoshihiro Miyake, Satoshi Sasaki, Keiko Tanaka, Yoshio Hirota
The possible effect of eating rate on promoting obesity has attracted considerable attention among various age groups, but little is known about these associations in an early stage of life. We investigated the hypothesis that eating rate in early childhood influences current and later body mass index (BMI) among young Japanese children. The study participants were 492 Japanese mother-child pairs from a prospective birth cohort study. Information on rate of eating (slow, medium, or fast), macronutrient intake (protein, fat, and carbohydrate), and dietary fiber intake were collected from the mothers using a diet history questionnaire when the children were aged 29 to 39 months...
January 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215158/fiber-compounds-and-human-health
#10
Montaña Cámara, Virginia Fernádez-Ruiz, Patricia Morales, Maria Cortes Sánchez-Mata
BACKGROUND: It is known that insufficient consumption of fiber in Western societies is directly linked to certain diseases. The required daily fiber intake can be obtained from foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and others, or by eating foods enriched with fiber as a functional ingredient. OBJECTIVE: This review studies certain fiber compounds such as oligosaccharides (namely α-galactosides and fructans), arabinoxylans and β-glucans...
February 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212679/histopathological-study-of-cardiac-lesions-in-methamphetamine-poisoning-related-deaths
#11
Maryam Akhgari, Homeira Mobaraki, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine abuse is a worldwide health concern. Methamphetamine causes health hazards in many vital organs. It can cause damage to cardiac tissue via catecholamines release. Methamphetamine related deaths are becoming one of the most important problems in Iran. The purpose of the present study was to determine cardiac pathology in methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths. METHODS: The study included 100 cases of methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths and 100 cases as control group...
February 17, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208811/does-the-valuation-of-nutritional-claims-differ-among-consumers-insights-from-spain
#12
Francesc Jurado, Azucena Gracia
The presence in the market of food products with nutritional claims is increasing. The objective of this paper is to assess consumers' valuation of some nutritional claims ('high in fiber' and 'reduced saturated fat') in a European country and to test for differences among consumers. An artefactual non-hypothetical experiment was carried out in a realistic setting (mock/real brick-and-mortar supermarket) with a sample of 121 Spanish consumers stratified by gender, age, and body mass index. A latent class model was specified and estimated with the data from the experiment...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208636/structural-health-monitoring-using-textile-reinforcement-structures-with-integrated-optical-fiber-sensors
#13
Kort Bremer, Frank Weigand, Yulong Zheng, Lourdes Shanika Alwis, Reinhard Helbig, Bernhard Roth
Optical fiber-based sensors "embedded" in functionalized carbon structures (FCSs) and textile net structures (TNSs) based on alkaline-resistant glass are introduced for the purpose of structural health monitoring (SHM) of concrete-based structures. The design aims to monitor common SHM parameters such as strain and cracks while at the same time acting as a structural strengthening mechanism. The sensor performances of the two systems are characterized in situ using Mach-Zehnder interferometric (MZI) and optical attenuation measurement techniques, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208609/dietary-fiber-and-the-human-gut-microbiota-application-of-evidence-mapping-methodology
#14
Caleigh M Sawicki, Kara A Livingston, Martin Obin, Susan B Roberts, Mei Chung, Nicola M McKeown
Interest is rapidly growing around the role of the human gut microbiota in facilitating beneficial health effects associated with consumption of dietary fiber. An evidence map of current research activity in this area was created using a newly developed database of dietary fiber intervention studies in humans to identify studies with the following broad outcomes: (1) modulation of colonic microflora; and/or (2) colonic fermentation/short-chain fatty acid concentration. Study design characteristics, fiber exposures, and outcome categories were summarized...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207675/acculturation-and-self-management-perceptions-among-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Julie Plasencia, Sharon Hoerr, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon
Because type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is disproportionately high among Mexican Americans in the United States, this study examined how acculturation influences T2DM self-management, a critical component for disease outcome. Qualitative interviews of 24 low-income Mexican American patients with T2DM were matched to their biomedical and dietary data and degree of acculturation. Greater acculturation to the United States was associated with less favorable diabetes control, fiber density, leisure-time physical activity, and more physical disability...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193425/black-tea-volatiles-fingerprinting-by-comprehensive-two-dimensional-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-combined-with-high-concentration-capacity-sample-preparation-techniques-toward-a-fully-automated-sensomic-assessment
#16
Federico Magagna, Chiara Cordero, Cecilia Cagliero, Erica Liberto, Patrizia Rubiolo, Barbara Sgorbini, Carlo Bicchi
Tea prepared by infusion of dried leaves of Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, is the second world's most popular beverage, after water. Its consumption is associated with its chemical composition: it influences its sensory and nutritional quality addressing consumer preferences, and potential health benefits. This study aims to obtain an informative chemical signature of the volatile fraction of black tea samples from Ceylon by applying the principles of sensomics. In particular, several high concentration capacity (HCC) sample preparation techniques were tested in combination with GC×GC-MS to investigate chemical signatures of black tea volatiles...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191503/differences-in-gut-metabolites-and-microbial-composition-and-functions-between-egyptian-and-u-s-children-are-consistent-with-their-diets
#17
V Shankar, M Gouda, J Moncivaiz, A Gordon, N V Reo, L Hussein, O Paliy
Previous studies indicated that populations consuming a Mediterranean diet rich in fiber, vegetables, and fruits have a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases than populations of industrialized societies consuming diets enriched in processed carbohydrates, animal proteins, and fats. To explore the potential contributions of gut microbiota to the observed diet-related metabolic effects, we conducted an integrative analysis of distal gut microbiota composition and functions and intestinal metabolites in Egyptian and U...
January 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187715/unveiling-genomic-regions-that-underlie-differences-between-afec-assaf-sheep-and-its-parental-awassi-breed
#18
Eyal Seroussi, Alexander Rosov, Andrey Shirak, Alon Lam, Elisha Gootwine
BACKGROUND: Sheep production in Israel has improved by crossing the fat-tailed local Awassi breed with the East Friesian and later, with the Booroola Merino breed, which led to the formation of the highly prolific Afec-Assaf strain. This strain differs from its parental Awassi breed in morphological traits such as tail and horn size, coat pigmentation and wool characteristics, as well as in production, reproductive and health traits. To identify major genes associated with the formation of the Afec-Assaf strain, we genotyped 41 Awassi and 141 Afec-Assaf sheep using the Illumina Ovine SNP50 BeadChip array, and analyzed the results with PLINK and EMMAX software...
February 10, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173692/insoluble-dietary-fiber-from-pear-pomace-can-prevent-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-rats-mainly-by-improving-the-structure-of-gut-microbiota
#19
Shimin Chang, Xingtian Cui, Mingzhang Guo, Yiling Tian, Wentao Xu, Kunlun Huang, Yuxing Zhang
Supplement of dietary fibers (DF) was regarded as one of the most effective way to prevent and relieve chronic diseases caused by long term intake of high-fat diet in current society. The health benefits of soluble dietary fibers (SDF) have been widely researched and applied, while the insoluble dietary fibers (IDF), which represent more proportion in plant food, were mistakenly through to have effects only in fecal bulking. In this article, we proved the anti-obesity and glucose homeostasis improvement effects of IDF from pear pomace at first, and then the mechanisms responsible for these effects were analyzed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169210/a-comparison-of-concentrations-of-sodium-and-related-nutrients-potassium-total-dietary-fiber-total-and-saturated-fat-and-total-sugar-in-private-label-and-national-brands-of-popular-sodium-contributing-commercially-packaged-foods-in-the-united-states
#20
Jaspreet K C Ahuja, Pamela R Pehrsson, Mary Cogswell
BACKGROUND: Private-label brands account for about one in four foods sold in US supermarkets. They provide value to consumers due to their low cost. We know of no US studies comparing the nutrition content of private-label products with corresponding national brand products. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare concentrations of sodium and related nutrients (potassium, total dietary fiber, total and saturated fat, and total sugar) in popular sodium-contributing, commercially packaged foods by brand type (national or private-label brand)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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