keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fiber and health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678183/a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial-investigating-the-effect-of-anti-inflammatory-diet-on-disease-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-adira-study-protocol
#1
Anna Winkvist, Linnea Bärebring, Inger Gjertsson, Lars Ellegård, Helen M Lindqvist
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 0.5-1.0% of the population, and where many patients in spite of modern pharmacological treatment fail to reach remission. This affects physical as well as mental wellbeing and leads to severely reduced quality of life and reduced work capacity, thus yielding high individual as well as societal costs. As a complement to modern pharmacological treatment, lifestyle intervention should be evaluated as a treatment option...
April 20, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677364/long-anterior-lens-zonules-and-intraocular-pressure
#2
Daniel K Roberts, Tricia L Newman, Mary Flynn Roberts, Bruce A Teitelbaum, Janis E Winters
Purpose: To investigate the relation between intraocular pressure (IOP) and the idiopathic long anterior zonule (LAZ) trait. Methods: Patients presenting for primary eye care were examined for LAZ, identified as radially oriented zonular fibers with central extension >1.0 mm beyond the normal anterior lens insertion zone (estimated via slit lamp beam length). Ocular, systemic health, and lifestyle data were collected via comprehensive exam and questionnaire. Multivariate regression was used to assess the relationship between IOP (Goldmann) and LAZ...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674134/higher-dietary-acid-load-is-associated-with-higher-likelihood-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-american-adults
#3
Mohsen Mazidi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between dietary acid load, potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a national representative sample of American adults. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (for 1999-2002) was used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to examine adjusted mean of different dietary acid load by PAD status; multivariable logistic regression was used to relate dietary acid load with prevalent PAD...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673540/the-protective-effect-of-muesli-consumption-on-diabetes-risk-results-from-12-years-of-follow-up-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#4
Angelica Quatela, Robin Callister, Amanda J Patterson, Mark McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks
Diabetes affects 9.8% of Australian women. Breakfast cereal consumption is potentially protective against diabetes. This study investigated the effects of breakfast cereal consumption on the 12-year risk of developing diabetes among mid-aged participants of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH). It was hypothesized that any breakfast cereal and higher-fiber breakfast cereals would be protective against the risk of developing diabetes. Data from Survey 3 (S3) to Survey 7 (S7) inclusive, from the 1946-51 ALSWH cohort were analyzed...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670048/dietary-fiber-intake-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-among-young-south-african-adults
#5
Machoene D Sekgala, Zandile J Mchiza, Whadi-Ah Parker, Kotsedi D Monyeki
This study attempts to bridge the research gap regarding the importance of dietary fiber in reducing metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors in young rural South Africans. A total of 627 individuals (309 males and 318 females) aged 18–30 years participated in the study. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 24-h recall method. The consumption of different types of dietary fiber (total, soluble, and insoluble) was calculated and presented as grams. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and lipid profiles were measured according to standard protocols...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670040/pectin-and-pectin-based-composite-materials-beyond-food-texture
#6
REVIEW
Claudia Lara-Espinoza, Elizabeth Carvajal-Millán, René Balandrán-Quintana, Yolanda López-Franco, Agustín Rascón-Chu
Pectins are plant cell wall natural heteropolysaccharides composed mainly of α-1-4 d-galacturonic acid units, which may or may not be methyl esterified, possesses neutral sugars branching that harbor functional moieties. Physicochemical features as pH, temperature, ions concentration, and cosolute presence, affect directly the extraction yield and gelling capacity of pectins. The chemical and structural features of this polysaccharide enables its interaction with a wide range of molecules, a property that scientists profit from to form new composite matrices for target/controlled delivery of therapeutic molecules, genes or cells...
April 18, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665634/characterization-of-microplastic-litter-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-solea-solea-from-the-adriatic-sea
#7
G Pellini, A Gomiero, T Fortibuoni, Carmen Ferrà, F Grati, A N Tassetti, P Polidori, G Fabi, G Scarcella
Micro-plastic particles in the world's oceans represent a serious threat to both human health and marine ecosystems. Once released into the aquatic environment plastic litter is broken down to smaller pieces through photo-degradation and the physical actions of waves, wind, etc. The resulting particles may become so small that they are readily taken up by fish, crustaceans and mollusks. There is mounting evidence for the uptake of plastic particles by marine organisms that form part of the human food chain and this is driving urgent calls for further and deeper investigations into this pollution issue...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660809/prosopis-nigra-mesocarp-fine-flour-a-source-of-phytochemicals-with-potential-effect-on-enzymes-linked-to-metabolic-syndrome-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-process
#8
María J Pérez, Iris C Zampini, Maria R Alberto, María I Isla
This work is part of the search in native food matrices from arid regions of Argentina of interest to improve human health. Prosopis species are ethnic food resources in South America capable of growing in arid and semi-arid environments. This work was focused to determine the nutritional and phytochemical composition of Prosopis nigra fine flour and to evaluate its biological properties. Flour showed a high level of sucrose (30.35 g/100 g flour), fiber (6.34 g/100 g flour), polyphenols (0.45 g GAE/100 g flour), and minerals (potassium, calcium, and magnesium)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659957/dietary-fermentable-fibers-attenuate-chronic-kidney-disease-in-mice-by-protecting-the-intestinal-barrier
#9
Tran Van Hung, Takuya Suzuki
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide health problem. Although the pathogenesis of CKD is still unclear, recent studies suggest that systemic inflammation caused by a dysregulated microflora and an impaired intestinal barrier is involved in CKD development. Objective: We investigated the effects of the fermentable dietary fibers (DFs), unmodified guar gum (GG), and partially hydrolyzed GG (PHGG) (i.e., substances with distinct viscosity characteristics) on CKD development, with a particular focus on colonic tight junction (TJ) barriers in mice...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657929/poly-hydroxybutyrate-chitosan-aligned-electrospun-scaffold-as-a-novel-substrate-for-nerve-tissue-engineering
#10
Afarin Karimi, Saeed Karbasi, Shahnaz Razavi, Elham Naghash Zargar
Background: Reconstruction of nervous system is a great challenge in the therapeutic medical field. Nerve tissue engineering is a novel method to regenerate nervous system in human health care. Tissue engineering has introduced novel approaches to promote and guide peripheral nerve regeneration using submicron and nanoscale fibrous scaffolds. Materials and Methods: In this study, 9 wt% poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) solutions with two different ratios of chitosan (CTS) (15%, and 20%) were mixed in trifluoroacetic acid as a cosolvent...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#11
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655446/practical-anatomy-of-the-neuromuscular-junction-in-health-and-disease
#12
REVIEW
Hiroshi Nishimune, Kazuhiro Shigemoto
Neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) form between nerve terminals of spinal cord motor neurons and skeletal muscles, and perisynaptic Schwann cells and kranocytes cap NMJs. One muscle fiber has one NMJ, which is innervated by one motor nerve terminal. NMJs are excitatory synapses that use P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channels to release the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Acetylcholine receptors accumulate at the postsynaptic specialization called the end plate on the muscle fiber membrane, the sarcolemma. Proteins essential for the organization of end plates include agrin secreted from nerve terminals, Lrp4 and MuSK receptors for agrin, and Dok-7 and rapsyn cytosolic proteins in the muscle...
May 2018: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652820/diet-quality-and-nutrient-intake-of-urban-overweight-and-obese-primarily-african-american-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#13
Sevasti Vergis, Linda Schiffer, Tiffany White, Andrew McLeod, Neda Khudeira, Andrew Demott, Marian Fitzgibbon, Susan Hughes, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys
Diet quality may be a unique target for preventing and managing obesity-related osteoarthritis (OA). Using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), this study examined the nutrient intake and diet quality of 400 urban overweight and obese primarily African American older adults with self-reported lower extremity OA. Associations between sociodemographic and health-related factors and diet quality were explored. Participants (mean age 67.8 years, SD 5.9) were included. Habitual dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
April 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649123/phytochemical-properties-and-nutrigenomic-implications-of-yacon-as-a-potential-source-of-prebiotic-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Yang Cao, Zheng Feei Ma, Hongxia Zhang, Yifan Jin, Yihe Zhang, Frank Hayford
The human gut is densely populated with diverse microbial communities that are essential to health. Prebiotics and fiber have been shown to possess the ability to modulate the gut microbiota. One of the plants being considered as a potential source of prebiotic is yacon. Yacon is an underutilized plant consumed as a traditional root-based fruit in South America. Yacon mainly contains fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin. Therefore, it has bifidogenic benefits for gut health, because FOS are not easily broken down by digestive enzymes...
April 12, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649068/is-exercise-the-right-medicine-for-dystrophic-muscle
#15
Hannah R Spaulding, Joshua T Selsby
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disease caused by a dystrophin protein deficiency. Dystrophin functions to stabilize and protect the muscle fiber during muscle contraction, thus the absence of functional dystrophin protein leads to muscle injury. DMD patients experience progressive muscle necrosis, loss of function, and ultimately succumb to respiratory failure or cardiomyopathy. Exercise is known to improve muscle health and strength in healthy individuals as well as positively impact other systems...
April 11, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648628/the-serosal-immune-system-of-the-thorax-in-toxicology
#16
C Frieke Kuper, Jolanda van Bilsen, Marcel V W Wijnands
The thoracic cavities receive increasing attention in toxicology, because inhaled fibers and (nano)particles can reach these cavities and challenge the local lymphoid tissues. The thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities are controlled by the serosal immune system with its special, loosely organized lymphoid clusters, namely the fat-associated lymphoid clusters (FALCs) and milky spots, which together can be denoted as serosa-associated lymphoid clusters (SALCs). These clusters house numerous innate lymphoid cells, namely the B1 and ILC2 populations...
April 10, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644019/effects-of-incorporation-of-jackfruit-rind-powder-on-chemical-and-functional-properties-of-bread
#17
Reza Felli, Tajul Aris Yang, Wan Nadiah Wan Abdullah, Wahidu Zzaman
Nowadays, there is a rising interest towards consuming health beneficial food products. Bread-as one of the most popular food products-could be improved to 'healthy bread' by addition of ingredients high in protein, dietary fiber and low in calorie. Incorporating Jackfruit rind powder (JRP) as a by-product rich in dietary fiber in bread, could not only provide health beneficial bread products, but also lead to develop an environmental friendly technology by solving the problem of waste disposal of residues...
March 2018: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628695/medical-textiles-in-orthopedics-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Manish Tiwari, Abhishek Vaish, Vipul Vijay, Yash Nigam
The use of textile in the medical field is not new; this has given rise to a new branch known as medical textiles. These are being used to repair or replace various other musculoskeletal tissues. The most common uses of biomaterials are to create aseptic conditions for protection, general health care, and hygiene including bedding and clothing, surgical gowns, face masks, head and shoe covers, sterilization wraps, suture anchors, fiber cast and braces/orthotics. These are also used as materials for preparation of wipes, swabs, wound dressings, bandages, gauzes, plasters, pressure garments, orthopedic belts and for new applications, such as heart valves, vascular grafts, artificial veins, artificial ligaments, artificial joints, artificial skin, and artificial cartilage...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619252/lepvax-a-defined-subunit-vaccine-that-provides-effective-pre-exposure-and-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-m-leprae-infection
#19
Malcolm S Duthie, Maria T Pena, Gigi J Ebenezer, Thomas P Gillis, Rahul Sharma, Kelly Cunningham, Michael Polydefkis, Yumi Maeda, Masahiko Makino, Richard W Truman, Steven G Reed
Sustained elimination of leprosy as a global health concern likely requires a vaccine. The current standard, BCG, confers only partial protection and precipitates paucibacillary (PB) disease in some instances. When injected into mice with the T helper 1 (Th1)-biasing adjuvant formulation Glucopyranosyl Lipid Adjuvant in stable emulsion (GLA-SE), a cocktail of three prioritized antigens (ML2055, ML2380 and ML2028) reduced M. leprae infection levels. Recognition and protective efficacy of a single chimeric fusion protein incorporating these antigens, LEP-F1, was confirmed in similar experiments...
2018: NPJ Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618672/sweet-preference-associated-with-the-risk-of-hypercholesterolemia-among-middle-aged-women-in-korea
#20
Yoonjin Shin, Soojin Lee, Yangha Kim
AIMS: Sweet preference has been reported to be associated with various health problems. This study examined the influence of sweet taste preference on the risk of dyslipidemia in Korean middle-aged women. METHODS: The study selected 3,609 middle-aged women from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) and classified them into two groups on the basis of whether or not they preferred sweet taste. Dietary intake was analyzed using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
keyword
keyword
98049
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"