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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328653/somatosensory-functions-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#1
Philipp Baumbach, Theresa Götz, Albrecht Günther, Thomas Weiss, Winfried Meissner
OBJECTIVES: There is growing evidence for increased levels of pain and reduced health-related quality of life in survivors of critical illness. Recent studies showed marked small nerve fiber pathology in critically ill patients, which may contribute to chronic pain states and reduced physical recovery after ICU discharge. Primary objective of this study was the comparison of somatosensory functions between survivors of critical illness 6 months after ICU discharge and controls. In post hoc analyses, we aimed to identify associations between small fiber deficits, pain, health-related quality of life, and clinical data...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327510/monitoring-concrete-deterioration-due-to-reinforcement-corrosion-by-integrating-acoustic-emission-and-fbg-strain-measurements
#2
Weijie Li, Changhang Xu, Siu Chun Michael Ho, Bo Wang, Gangbing Song
Corrosion of concrete reinforcement members has been recognized as a predominant structural deterioration mechanism for steel reinforced concrete structures. Many corrosion detection techniques have been developed for reinforced concrete structures, but a dependable one is more than desired. Acoustic emission technique and fiber optic sensing have emerged as new tools in the field of structural health monitoring. In this paper, we present the results of an experimental investigation on corrosion monitoring of a steel reinforced mortar block through combined acoustic emission and fiber Bragg grating strain measurement...
March 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#3
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
March 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#4
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319653/the-ecology-of-human-microbiota-dynamics-and-diversity-in-health-and-disease
#5
Antti Karkman, Jenni Lehtimäki, Lasse Ruokolainen
Social welfare, better health care, and urbanization have greatly improved human health and well-being. On the other hand, Western societies suffer from the downsides of the elevated standard of living. Among other factors, the Western diet (poor in dietary fiber), lack of contact with natural biodiversity, and excessive antibiotic use are known to be associated with the increase in chronic inflammatory disorders. Limited exposure to microbial biodiversity, in combination with severe lifestyle-related disturbances to commensal microbial communities, especially during early life, is changing the diversity and composition of human microbiota...
March 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318400/new-frontiers-in-fibers-innovative-and-emerging-research-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-bone-health
#6
Taylor C Wallace, Massimo Marzorati, Lisa Spence, Connie M Weaver, Patricia S Williamson
The complex interactions between the diet, gut microbiome, and host characteristics that provide a functional benefit to the host are an area of great interest and current exploration in the nutrition and health science community. New technologies are available to assess mechanisms that may explain these functional benefits to the host. One emerging functional benefit from changes in the gut microbiome is increased calcium absorption, increased calcium retention, and improved indices of bone health. Prebiotic fibers enhance microbial fermentation in the gut, providing an ecological advantage to specific nonpathogenic bacteria that have the ability to modify an individual's metabolic potential...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315692/role-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-emt-and-fibroblast-function-in-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-induced-lung-fibrosis
#7
Jane Ma, Bridget Bishoff, R R Mercer, Mark Barger, Diane Schwegler-Berry, Vincent Castranova
The emission of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2) from diesel engines, using cerium compounds as a catalyst to lower the diesel exhaust particles, is a health concern. We have previously shown that CeO2 induced pulmonary inflammation and lung fibrosis. The objective of the present study was to investigate the modification of fibroblast function and the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CeO2-induced fibrosis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to CeO2 (0.15 to 7mg/kg) by a single intratracheal instillation and sacrificed at various times post-exposure...
March 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304147/relation-of-dietary-carbohydrates-intake-to-circulating-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-levels-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Mengna Huang, Jinjie Liu, Xiaochen Lin, Atsushi Goto, Yiqing Song, Lesley F Tinker, Kei-Hang Katie Chan, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Low circulating levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) have been shown to be a direct and strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and hormone-dependent cancers, although the relation between various aspects of dietary carbohydrates and SHBG levels remains unexplored in population studies. METHODS: Among postmenopausal women with available SHBG measurements at baseline (n = 11,159) in the Women's Health Initiative, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of total dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load (GL), glycemic index (GI), fiber, sugar, and various carbohydrate-abundant foods in relation to circulating SHBG using multiple linear regressions adjusting for potential covariates...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299420/vegetarian-diets-in-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
S Schürmann, M Kersting, U Alexy
PURPOSE: While the prevalence of children on vegetarian diets is assumed to be on the rise in industrialized countries, there are hardly any representative data available. In general, vegetarian diets are presumed to be healthy; nevertheless, there are concerns as to whether the dietary specifications required during infancy, childhood, and adolescence can be met. Therefore, the objective of this systematic review was to evaluate studies on the dietary intake and the nutritional or health status of vegetarian infants, children, and adolescents...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298980/biological-and-antibacterial-properties-of-a-new-silver-fiber-post-in-vitro-evaluation
#10
Claudio Poggio, Federico Trovati, Matteo Ceci, Marco Chiesa, Marco Colombo, Giampiero Pietrocola
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of nano silver particles (AgNPs) to improve antibacterial properties of dental materials has become increasingly common. The aim of the present study was to compare the antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity effects of different fiber posts: glass fiber post, quartz fiber post, nano fiber post and silver fiber post. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The antibacterial activity against S. mutans, S. salivarius and S. sanguis was evaluated by using the agar disc diffusion test (ADT)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293018/exploring-the-relationship-between-%C3%AE-actinin-3-deficiency-and-obesity-in-mice-and-humans
#11
P J Houweling, Y D Berman, N Turner, K G R Quinlan, J T Seto, N Yang, M Lek, D G Macarthur, G Cooney, K N North
Obesity is a worldwide health crisis and the identification of genetic modifiers of weight gain is crucial in understanding this complex disorder. A common null polymorphism in the fast fiber-specific gene ACTN3 (R577X) is known to influence skeletal muscle function and metabolism. α-Actinin-3 deficiency occurs in an estimated 1.5 billion people worldwide, and results in reduced muscle strength and a shift towards a more efficient oxidative metabolism. The X-allele has undergone strong positive selection during recent human evolution and in this study we sought to determine whether ACTN3 genotype influences weight gain and obesity in mice and humans...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289526/aerobic-vs-anaerobic-exercise-training-effects-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#12
REVIEW
Harsh Patel, Hassan Alkhawam, Raef Madanieh, Niel Shah, Constantine E Kosmas, Timothy J Vittorio
Physical exercise is one of the most effective methods to help prevent cardiovascular (CV) disease and to promote CV health. Aerobic and anaerobic exercises are two types of exercise that differ based on the intensity, interval and types of muscle fibers incorporated. In this article, we aim to further elaborate on these two categories of physical exercise and to help decipher which provides the most effective means of promoting CV health.
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287315/near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-geostatistical-analysis-for-modeling-spatial-distribution-of-analytical-constituents-in-bulk-animal-by-product-protein-meals
#13
José A Adame-Siles, Tom Fearn, José E Guerrero-Ginel, Ana Garrido-Varo, Francisco Maroto-Molina, Dolores Pérez-Marín
Control and inspection operations within the context of safety and quality assessment of bulk foods and feeds are not only of particular importance, they are also demanding challenges, given the complexity of food/feed production systems and the variability of product properties. Existing methodologies have a variety of limitations, such as high costs of implementation per sample or shortcomings in early detection of potential threats for human/animal health or quality deviations. Therefore, new proposals are required for the analysis of raw materials in situ in a more efficient and cost-effective manner...
March 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282253/introduction-to-the-special-focus-issue-on-the-impact-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-composition-and-function-and-future-opportunities-for-nutritional-modulation-of-the-gut-microbiome-to-improve-human-health
#14
Sharon M Donovan
Over the past decade, application of culture-independent, next generation DNA sequencing has dramatically enhanced our understanding of the composition of the gut microbiome and its association with human states of health and disease. Host genetics, age, and environmental factors such as where and who you live with, use of pre-, pro- and antibiotics, exercise and diet influence the short- and long-term composition of the microbiome. Dietary intake is a key determinant of microbiome composition and diversity and studies to date have linked long-term dietary patterns as well as short-term dietary interventions to the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome...
February 28, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281141/oxidative-potential-op-and-mineralogy-of-iron-ore-particulate-matter-at-the-gol-e-gohar-mining-and-industrial-facility-iran
#15
Naghmeh Soltani, Behnam Keshavarzi, Armin Sorooshian, Farid Moore, Christina Dunster, Ana Oliete Dominguez, Frank J Kelly, Prakash Dhakal, Mohamad Reza Ahmadi, Sina Asadi
Concentrations of total suspended particulate matter, particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm (PM2.5), particulate matter <10 μm (PM10), and fallout dust were measured at the Iranian Gol-E-Gohar Mining and Industrial Facility. Samples were characterized in terms of mineralogy, morphology, and oxidative potential. Results show that indoor samples exceeded the 24-h PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentration limits (35 and 150 µg m(-3), respectively) set by the US National Ambient Air Quality Standards...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279517/recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-asbestos-related-pleural-and-pulmonary-disease
#16
Carmen Diego Roza, M Jesús Cruz Carmona, Ramón Fernández Álvarez, Jaume Ferrer Sancho, Belén Marín Martínez, Cristina Martínez González, José Antonio Rodríguez Portal, Fernando Romero Valero, Victoria Villena Garrido
Asbestos is the term used for a set of mineral silicates that tend to break up into fibers. Its use has been associated with numerous diseases affecting the lung and pleura in particular, all of which are characterized by their long period of latency. Asbestos, moreover, has been recognized by the WHO as a Group IA carcinogen since 1987 and its use was banned in Spain in 2002. The publication in 2013 of the 3rd edition of the specific asbestos health monitoring protocol, together with the development of new diagnostic techniques, prompted the SEPAR EROM group to sponsor publication of guidelines, which review the clinical, radiological and functional aspects of the different asbestos-related diseases...
March 6, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276068/beneficial-effects-of-lipidic-extracts-of-saladette-tomato-pomace-and-serenoa-repens-on-prostate-and-bladder-health-in-obese-male-wistar-rats
#17
Josué V Espinosa-Juárez, Juventino Iii Colado-Velázquez, Patrick Mailloux-Salinas, Jml Medina-Contreras, P Valentín Correa-López, N L Gómez-Viquez, Fabián Meza-Cuenca, Fengyang Huang, Guadalupe Bravo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of a number of serious medical conditions, including urological disorders. This study investigated the effect of lipidic extract of Saladette Tomato Pomace (STP) and Serenoa repens (SR) on prostate and bladder in a rat obese model induced by high-carbohydrates diet. RESULTS: High-sucrose fed rats showed higher weight of prostate, increased contractility, stromal and epithelial hyperplasia in prostate. The treatment with STP and SR improved contractility, diminished hyperplasia and hypertrophy in prostate in obesity model...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273276/sim-brasil-study-women-s-gastrointestinal-health-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-impact-on-the-brazilian-women-quality-of-life
#18
Ana Paula Wolf Tasca Del'arco, Pamela Magalhães, Flávio Antônio Quilici
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms seem to affect more women, due to hormonal and emotional issues, impacting the quality of life. The emotional state can affect the bowel functioning through a bidirectional communication system between the gut and the brain involving the neuroendocrine system. Altered bowel functioning and gastrointestinal symptoms can alter quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The SIM study aimed to describe, characterize and quantify gastrointestinal symptoms reported by Brazilian women, their causes, feelings and impact...
February 23, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273202/lifestyle-intervention-using-the-psychoeducational-approach-is-associated-with-greater-cardiometabolic-benefits-and-retention-of-individuals-with-worse-health-status
#19
Adriana Cezaretto, Camila Risso de Barros, Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Antonela Siqueira-Catania, Milena Monfort-Pires, Luciana Gavilan Dias Folchetti, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira
Objective: This study aimed to compare the effects of two lifestyle intervention programs for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention - traditional or interdisciplinary psychoeducation-based intervention - in daily habits and cardiometabolic risk factors and investigate the role of the psychoeducational approach for the retention of individuals in the program. Subjects and methods: Between 2008 and 2010, in a public health service, 183 pre-diabetic individuals were allocated to two 18-month interventions involving diet and physical activity...
January 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272436/cnt-enabled-co-braided-smart-fabrics-a-new-route-for-non-invasive-highly-sensitive-large-area-monitoring-of-composites
#20
Sida Luo, Yong Wang, Guantao Wang, Kan Wang, Zhibin Wang, Chuck Zhang, Ben Wang, Yun Luo, Liuhe Li, Tao Liu
The next-generation of hierarchical composites needs to have built-in functionality to continually monitor and diagnose their own health states. This paper includes a novel strategy for in-situ monitoring the processing stages of composites by co-braiding CNT-enabled fiber sensors into the reinforcing fiber fabrics. This would present a tremendous improvement over the present methods that excessively focus on detecting mechanical deformations and cracks. The CNT enabled smart fabrics, fabricated by a cost-effective and scalable method, are highly sensitive to monitor and quantify various events of composite processing including resin infusion, onset of crosslinking, gel time, degree and rate of curing...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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