keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fiber and health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464337/health-risk-assessment-on-human-exposed-to-heavy-metals-in-the-ambient-air-pm-10-in-ahvaz-southwest-iran
#1
Gholamreza Goudarzi, Nadali Alavi, Sahar Geravandi, Esmaeil Idani, Hamid Reza Adeli Behrooz, Ali Akbar Babaei, Farzaneh Aslanpour Alamdari, Sina Dobaradaran, Majid Farhadi, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi
Heavy metals (HM) are one of the main components of urban air pollution. Today, megacities and industrial regions in southwest of Iran are frequently suffering from severe haze episodes, which essentially caused by PM10 -bound heavy metals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health risk assessment on human exposed to heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in the ambient air PM10 in Ahvaz, southwest Iran. In this study, we estimated healthy people from the following scenarios: (S3) residential site; (S2) high-traffic site; (S1) industrial site in Ahvaz metropolitan during autumn and winter...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461972/diet-enriched-with-fresh-coconut-decreases-blood-glucose-levels-and-body-weight-in-normal-adults
#2
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Nagashree R Shankar, Ramesh Mavathur, A Mooventhan, Sood Anju, N K Manjunath
Background There exist controversies about the health effects of coconut. Fresh coconut consumption on human health has not been studied substantially. Fresh coconut consumption is a regular part of the diet for many people in tropical countries like India, and thus there is an increasing need to understand the effects of fresh coconut on various aspects of health. Aim To compare the effects of increased saturated fatty acid (SFA) and fiber intake, provided by fresh coconut, versus monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and fiber intake, provided by a combination of groundnut oil and groundnuts, on anthropometry, serum insulin, glucose levels and blood pressure in healthy adults...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461629/development-and-validation-of-a-lc-ms-ms-method-for-quantitation-of-fosfomycin-application-to-in-vitro-antimicrobial-resistance-study-using-hollow-fiber-infection-model
#3
Adarsh Gandhi, Murali Matta, Narayana Garimella, Tesfalem Zere, James Weaver
PURPOSE: Extensive use and misuse of antibiotics over the past 50 years has contributed to the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains rendering them as a global health concern. To address this issue, a dynamic in vitro hollow-fiber system, which mimics in vivo environment more closely than the static model, was used to study the emergence of bacterial resistance of Escherichia coli against fosfomycin (FOS). To aid in this endeavor we developed and validated a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay for quantitative analysis of FOS in lysogeny broth...
February 20, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461482/fiber-intake-and-insulin-resistance-in-6374-adults-the-role-of-abdominal-obesity
#4
Larry A Tucker
A cross-sectional design was used to evaluate the relationship between fiber intake and insulin resistance, indexed using HOMA (homeostatic model assessment), in a National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES) sample of 6374 U.S. adults. Another purpose was to test the influence of covariates on the association. A third aim was to compare HOMA levels between two groups based on the recommended intake of 14 grams of fiber per 1000 kilocalories (kcal). Fiber intake was measured using a 24-hour recall...
February 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454691/the-effect-of-alfalfa-medicago-sativa-silage-chop-length-and-inclusion-rate-within-a-total-mixed-ration-on-the-ability-of-lactating-dairy-cows-to-cope-with-a-short-term-feed-withholding-and-refeeding-challenge
#5
A L Thomson, D J Humphries, L A Crompton, C K Reynolds
The objectives of the study were (1) to test whether 6 h of feed deprivation followed by refeeding induces an acidosis challenge in dairy cattle and (2) to quantify the acidosis challenge mitigation potential of increased alfalfa silage concentration in the diet. Alfalfa silage constituted either 25 or 75% of forage dry matter (DM) replacing corn silage [low (LA) or high alfalfa (HA)] and was chopped to either 14 or 19 mm theoretical length [short (S) or long (L)]. Dietary treatments LAS, LAL, HAS, or HAL were offered to 4 rumen-cannulated Holstein dairy cattle (161 d in milk; 5th or 6th parity) in a 4 × 4 Latin square design study with 21-d periods...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453448/the-gastrointestinal-tract-microbiota-of-northern-white-cheeked-gibbons-nomascus-leucogenys-varies-with-age-and-captive-condition
#6
Ting Jia, Sufen Zhao, Katrina Knott, Xiaoguang Li, Yan Liu, Ying Li, Yuefei Chen, Minghai Yang, Yanping Lu, Junyi Wu, Chenglin Zhang
Nutrition and health of northern white-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus leucogenys) are considered to be primarily influenced by the diversity of their gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota. However, the precise composition, structure, and role of the gibbon GIT microbiota remain unclear. Microbial communities from the GITs of gibbons from Nanning (NN, n = 36) and Beijing (BJ, n = 20) Zoos were examined through 16S rRNA sequencing. Gibbon's GITs microbiomes contained bacteria from 30 phyla, dominated by human-associated microbial signatures: Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449952/variations-of-dietary-intake-by-glycemic-status-and-hispanic-latino-heritage-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#8
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447481/regularity-changes-of-the-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-macular-ganglion-cell-complex-in-patients-with-the-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#9
Yue Wu, Xiao-Ni Wang, Ningli Wang, Ying Han, Daqing Ma, Yan Lu
Background We investigated the regularity changes of the retinalnerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) of the amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI) patients in this prospective cohort study. Methods Twenty-four aMCI patients and 30 health controls, who are more than 60 years old, were recruited into the study. The RNFL and the mGCC average thickness were measured with fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Results Compared with that in the controls, the intraocular pressure (IOP) was significantly lower in the aMCI patients...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443878/skeletal-muscle-pathophysiology-the-emerging-role-of-spermine-oxidase-and-spermidine
#10
REVIEW
Manuela Cervelli, Alessia Leonetti, Guglielmo Duranti, Stefania Sabatini, Roberta Ceci, Paolo Mariottini
Skeletal muscle comprises approximately 40% of the total body mass. Preserving muscle health and function is essential for the entire body in order to counteract chronic diseases such as type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Prolonged physical inactivity, particularly among the elderly, causes muscle atrophy, a pathological state with adverse outcomes such as poor quality of life, physical disability, and high mortality. In murine skeletal muscle C2C12 cells, increased expression of the spermine oxidase (SMOX) enzyme has been found during cell differentiation...
February 14, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442734/mno%C3%A2-mwcnts-nanocomposites-as-highly-efficient-catalyst-for-indoor-formaldehyde-removal
#11
Jin-Lei Miao, Chuan-Bao Li, Hai-Hui Liu, Xing-Xiang Zhang
Formaldehyde (HCHO) is a main indoor pollutant that is capable of harming the health of residents. Here, we fabricated a novel MnO2/MWCNTs nanocomposite film for non-photocatalytic, room temperature removal of indoor HCHO. MnO2/MWCNTs nanocomposites with various amounts of a-MWCNTs, which were fabricated by a co-precipitation method, were assembled into composite films using vacuum filtration and solvent evaporation. Structural analysis confirms that MnO2 nanoparticles are homogeneously distributed on a-MWCNTs...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#12
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438843/probing-the-reproducibility-of-quantitative-estimates-of-structural-connectivity-derived-from-global-tractography
#13
Lena V Schumacher, Marco Reisert, Kai Nitschke, Karl Egger, Horst Urbach, Jürgen Hennig, Cornelius Weiller, Christoph P Kaller
As quantitative measures derived from fiber tractography are increasingly being used to characterize the structural connectivity of the brain, it is important to establish their reproducibility. However, no such information is as yet available for global tractography. Here we provide the first comprehensive analysis of the reproducibility of streamline counts derived from global tractography as quantitative estimates of structural connectivity. In a sample of healthy young adults scanned twice within one week, within-session and between-session test-retest reproducibility was estimated for streamline counts of connections based on regions of the AAL atlas using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for absolute agreement...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438462/butyrate-a-double-edged-sword-for-health
#14
Hu Liu, Ji Wang, Ting He, Sage Becker, Guolong Zhang, Defa Li, Xi Ma
Butyrate, a four-carbon short-chain fatty acid, is produced through microbial fermentation of dietary fibers in the lower intestinal tract. Endogenous butyrate production, delivery, and absorption by colonocytes have been well documented. Butyrate exerts its functions by acting as a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor or signaling through several G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Recently, butyrate has received particular attention for its beneficial effects on intestinal homeostasis and energy metabolism...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436874/the-influence-of-fiber-dispersion-on-the-mechanical-response-of-aortic-tissues-in-health-and-disease-a-computational-study
#15
Justyna A Niestrawska, Daniel Ch Haspinger, Gerhard A Holzapfel
Changes in the structural components of aortic tissues have been shown to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of aortic degeneration. Therefore, reliable stress analyses require a suitable and meaningful constitutive model that captures micro-structural changes. As recent data show, in-plane and out-of-plane collagen fiber dispersions vary significantly between healthy and aneurysmatic aortic walls. The aim of this study is to computationally investigate the influence of fiber dispersion on the mechanical response of aortic tissues in health and disease...
February 13, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433787/fruits-and-vegetables-as-a-source-of-nutritional-compounds-and-phytochemicals-changes-in-bioactive-compounds-during-lactic-fermentation
#16
Axelle Septembre-Malaterre, Fabienne Remize, Patrick Poucheret
Nutritional recommendations emphasize fruit and vegetable consumption. This is related to health-benefits associated with bioactive nutritive molecules (nutrients, vitamins, minerals, fibers, …) as well as non-nutritive phytochemicals (phenolic compounds, flavonoids, bioactive peptides, …) content of these types of foods. Fermented fruit or vegetable products are part of various diets worldwide. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation is common among the various fermentation processes used. It produces changes in both profile and types of bioactive compounds...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433574/association-between-diet-quality-dietary-patterns-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-australian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Diet quality indices score dietary intakes against recommendations, whereas dietary patterns consider the pattern and combination of dietary intakes. Studies evaluating both methodologies in relation to cardiometabolic health in a nationally representative sample are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between diet quality, dietary patterns and markers of cardiometabolic health in Australian adults. METHODS: Dietary data, using two 24-h dietary recalls, were collected from adults in the cross-sectional Australian Health Survey 2011-2013 (n = 2121; 46...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433308/aqueous-zinc-compounds-as-residual-antimicrobial-agents-for-textiles
#18
Brandon Holt, Shawn Gregory, Todd A Sulchek, Shannon Yee, Mark D Losego
Textiles, especially those worn by patients and medical professionals, serve as a vector for proliferating pathogens. Upstream manufacturing techniques and end user practices, such as transition metal embedment in textile fibers or alcohol-based disinfectants, can mitigate pathogen growth, but both techniques have their shortcomings. Fiber embedment requires complete replacement of all fabrics in a facility, and the effects of embedded nanoparticles on human health remain unknown. Alcohol-based, end-user disinfectants are short-lived because they quickly volatilize...
February 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430562/specific-symptoms-may-discriminate-between-fibromyalgia-patients-with-vs-without-objective-test-evidence-of-small-fiber-polyneuropathy
#19
Mette Lodahl, Roi Treister, Anne Louise Oaklander
Introduction: Multiple studies now confirm that ∼40% of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome meet diagnostic criteria for small-fiber polyneuropathy (SFPN) and have objective pathologic or physiologic evidence of SFPN, whereas 60% do not. Given possibilities that tens or hundreds of millions globally could have SFPN, developing screening tools becomes important. Objectives: This analysis explored whether specific symptoms might help distinguish these fibromyalgia endophenotypes...
January 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428757/short-communication-development-of-a-rapid-laboratory-method-to-polymerize-lactose-to-nondigestible-carbohydrates
#20
A F Kuechel, T C Schoenfuss
Nondigestible carbohydrates with a degree of polymerization between 3 and 10 (oligosaccharides) are commonly used as dietary fiber ingredients in the food industry, once they have been confirmed to have positive effects on human health by regulatory authorities. These carbohydrates are produced through chemical or enzymatic synthesis. Polylactose, a polymerization product of lactose and glucose, has been produced by reactive extrusion using a twin-screw extruder, with citric acid as the catalyst. Trials using powdered cheese whey permeate as the lactose source for this reaction were unsuccessful...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
98049
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"