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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#1
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095736/development-of-multifunctional-foods
#2
Koji Yamada
Foods contain various biologically active substances with extent physiological effects. Among them, some substances, such as dietary fibers, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and antioxidants, exert multiple activities. In addition, combinational uses of some components, such as sesamin and α-tocopherol, enhance their biological effects each other. The expression of multiple effect leads to the production of multifunctional foods which prevent the occurrence of various diseases. Furthermore, synergic effects between biologically active substances allow us to decrease the dose of each component, which lead to the improvement of safety and reduction of production cost of multifunctional foods...
January 18, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094585/relationship-between-plasma-homocysteine-level-and-glaucomatous-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-defect
#3
Jae Yeun Lee, Joon Mo Kim, In Tae Kim, Chung Kwon Yoo, Yu Sam Won, Jung Hoon Kim, Hyun Seok Kwon, Ki Ho Park
AIMS: To investigate the association between plasma homocysteine levels and glaucomatous retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect in South Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included subjects who underwent screening at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between August 2012 and July 2013. Subjects underwent physical examination and provided samples for laboratory analysis of homocysteine. Subjects were divided equally into four quartiles (Qs) based on plasma homocysteine level...
January 17, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094471/cleanable-air-filter-transferring-moisture-and-effectively-capturing-pm2-5
#4
Xinglei Zhao, Yuyao Li, Ting Hua, Pan Jiang, Xia Yin, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
The lethal danger of particulate matter (PM) pollution on health leads to the development of challenging individual protection materials that should ideally exhibit a high PM2.5 purification efficiency, low air resistance, an important moisture-vapor transmission rate (MVTR), and an easy-to-clean property. Herein, a cleanable air filter able to rapidly transfer moisture and efficiently capture PM2.5 is designed by electrospinning superhydrophilic polyacrylonitrile/silicon-dioxide fibers as the adsorption-desorption vector for moisture-vapor, and hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride fibers as the repellent components to avoid the formation of capillary water under high humidity...
January 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086769/effect-of-ginseng-extract-on-the-tgf-%C3%AE-1-signaling-pathway-in-ccl4-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats
#5
Mohamed M Hafez, Sherifa S Hamed, Manal F El-Khadragy, Zeinab K Hassan, Salim S Al Rejaie, Mohamed M Sayed-Ahmed, Naif O Al-Harbi, Khalid A Al-Hosaini, Mohamed M Al-Harbi, Ali R Alhoshani, Othman A Al-Shabanah, Shakir Dekhal Alsharari
BACKGROUND: Liver diseases are major global health problems. Ginseng extract has antioxidant, immune-modulatory and anti-inflammatory activities. This study investigated the effect of ginseng extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control group, ginseng group, CCl4 group and CCl4 + ginseng group. Liver injury was induced by the intraperitoneal (I.P) injection of 3 ml/kg CCl4 (30% in olive oil) weekly for 8 weeks...
January 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081371/gwas-identifies-new-loci-for-painful-temporomandibular-disorder
#6
A E Sanders, D Jain, T Sofer, K F Kerr, C C Laurie, J R Shaffer, M L Marazita, L M Kaste, G D Slade, R B Fillingim, R Ohrbach, W Maixner, T Kocher, O Bernhardt, A Teumer, C Schwahn, K Sipilä, R Lähdesmäki, M Männikkö, P Pesonen, M Järvelin, C M Rizzatti-Barbosa, C B Meloto, M Ribeiro-Dasilva, L Diatchenko, P Serrano, S B Smith
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a musculoskeletal condition characterized by pain and reduced function in the temporomandibular joint and/or associated masticatory musculature. Prevalence in the United States is 5% and twice as high among women as men. We conducted a discovery genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TMD in 10,153 participants (769 cases, 9,384 controls) of the US Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The most promising single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested in meta-analysis of 4 independent cohorts...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078992/smoking-and-eye-pathologies-a-systemic-review-part-ii-retina-diseases-uveitis-optic-neuropathies-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy
#7
Małgorzata Nita, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health. AIM: The analysis of influence of tobacco smoking on retina diseases, uveitis, optic neuropathies, and thyroid-associated orbitopathy in adults and children. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, covering the years 2000-2016. RESULTS: In adults, tobacco smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related macular degeneration, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, uveitis and inflamed cystoid macular edema as well as Grave`s ophthalmopathy...
January 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#8
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078103/the-potential-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-based-retinal-biomarkers
#9
REVIEW
Prateep Phadikar, Sandeep Saxena, Surabhi Ruia, Timothy Y Y Lai, Carsten H Meyer, Dean Eliott
BACKGROUND: Biomarker", a merged word of "biological marker", refers to a broad subcategory of medical signs that objectively indicate the state of health, and well-being of an individual. Biomarkers hold great promise for personalized medicine as information gained from diagnostic or progression markers can be used to tailor treatment to the individual for highly effective intervention in the disease process. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proved useful in identifying various biomarkers in ocular and systemic diseases...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075341/a-non-invasive-multichannel-hybrid-fiber-optic-sensor-system-for-vital-sign-monitoring
#10
Marcel Fajkus, Jan Nedoma, Radek Martinek, Vladimir Vasinek, Homer Nazeran, Petr Siska
In this article, we briefly describe the design, construction, and functional verification of a hybrid multichannel fiber-optic sensor system for basic vital sign monitoring. This sensor uses a novel non-invasive measurement probe based on the fiber Bragg grating (FBG). The probe is composed of two FBGs encapsulated inside a polydimethylsiloxane polymer (PDMS). The PDMS is non-reactive to human skin and resistant to electromagnetic waves, UV absorption, and radiation. We emphasize the construction of the probe to be specifically used for basic vital sign monitoring such as body temperature, respiratory rate and heart rate...
January 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074953/gastrointestinal-interactions-absorption-splanchnic-metabolism-and-pharmacokinetics-of-orally-ingested-phenolic-compounds
#11
REVIEW
J Abraham Domínguez-Avila, Abraham Wall-Medrano, Gustavo R Velderrain-Rodríguez, C-Y Oliver Chen, Norma Julieta Salazar-López, Maribel Robles-Sánchez, Gustavo A González-Aguilar
The positive health effects of phenolic compounds (PCs) have been extensively reported in the literature. An understanding of their bioaccessibility and bioavailability is essential for the elucidation of their health benefits. Before reaching circulation and exerting bioactions in target tissues, numerous interactions take place before and during digestion with either the plant or host's macromolecules that directly impact the organism and modulate their own bioaccessibility and bioavailability. The present work is focused on the gastrointestinal (GI) interactions that are relevant to the absorption and metabolism of PCs and how these interactions impact their pharmacokinetic profiles...
January 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071006/sensory-qualities-of-pastry-products-enriched-with-dietary-fiber-and-polyphenolic-substances
#12
Patrycja Komolka, Danuta Górecka, Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka, Anna Jędrusek-Golińska, Krzysztof Dziedzic, Katarzyna Waszkowiak
BACKGROUND: Growing consumer demand for products with pro-health properties is forcing food manufacturers to introduce new food items onto the market, which will not only possess such health-enhancing properties but will also compete on the grounds of sensory attributes - taste, flavour, texture etc. METHODS: The aim was to evaluate these sensory attributes of pastry products enhanced with biologically active compounds, such as inulin, buckwheat hull and buckwheat flour...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070563/gut-microbiome-of-the-canadian-arctic-inuit
#13
Catherine Girard, Nicolas Tromas, Marc Amyot, B Jesse Shapiro
Diet is a major determinant of community composition in the human gut microbiome, and "traditional" diets have been associated with distinct and highly diverse communities, compared to Western diets. However, most traditional diets studied have been those of agrarians and hunter-gatherers consuming fiber-rich diets. In contrast, the Inuit of the Canadian Arctic have been consuming a traditional diet low in carbohydrates and rich in animal fats and protein for thousands of years. We hypothesized that the Inuit diet and lifestyle would be associated with a distinct microbiome...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068565/retinal-thinning-is-uniquely-associated-with-medial-temporal-lobe-atrophy-in-neurologically-normal-older-adults
#14
Kaitlin B Casaletto, Michael E Ward, Nicholas S Baker, Brianne M Bettcher, Jeffrey M Gelfand, Yaqiao Li, Robert Chen, Shubir Dutt, Bruce Miller, Joel H Kramer, Ari J Green
Given the converging pathologic and epidemiologic data indicating a relationship between retinal integrity and neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), we aimed to determine if retinal structure correlates with medial temporal lobe (MTL) structure and function in neurologically normal older adults. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, verbal and visual memory testing, and 3T-magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were performed in 79 neurologically normal adults enrolled in a healthy aging cohort study...
December 21, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068489/legumes-as-functional-ingredients-in-gluten-free-bakery-and-pasta-products
#15
Martina Foschia, Stefan W Horstmann, Elke K Arendt, Emanuele Zannini
The increasing demand of gluten-free food products from consumers has triggered food technologists to investigate a wide range of gluten-free ingredients from different sources to reproduce the unique network structure developed by gluten in a wheat-dough system. In recent times, the attention has been focused on novel application of legume flour or ingredients. The interest in this crop category is mainly attributed to their functional properties, such as solubility and water-binding capacity, which play an important role in gluten-free food formulation and processing...
January 4, 2017: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067588/health-benefits-of-fiber-fermentation
#16
Wendy J Dahl, Nicole C Agro, Åsa M Eliasson, Kaley L Mialki, Joseph D Olivera, Carley T Rusch, Carly N Young
Although fiber is well recognized for its effect on laxation, increasing evidence supports the role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the health benefits of fiber and its fermentation, and describe how the products of fermentation may influence disease risk and treatment. Higher fiber intakes are associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Fiber may also have a role in lowering blood pressure and in preventing obesity by limiting weight gain...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067025/whole-grain-oats-more-than-just-a-fiber-role-of-unique-phytochemicals
#17
REVIEW
Shengmin Sang, YiFang Chu
Oats are a good source of soluble dietary fiber, especially β-glucan, which has outstanding functional and nutritional properties. β-Glucan is considered to be the major active component of oats because of its cholesterol-lowering and anti-diabetic effects. However, the nutritional benefits of oats appear to go beyond fiber to bioactive phytochemicals with strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on the chemistry, stability, bioavailability, and health effects of two unique phytochemicals in oats, avenanthramides (AVAs) and avenacosides A and B...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065788/western-dietary-pattern-increases-whereas-prudent-dietary-pattern-decreases-risk-of-incident-diverticulitis-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Lisa L Strate, Brieze R Keeley, Yin Cao, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary fiber is implicated as a risk factor for diverticulitis. Analyses of dietary patterns may provide information on risk beyond those of individual foods or nutrients. We examined whether major dietary patterns are associated with risk of incident diverticulitis. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 46,295 men who were free of diverticulitis and known diverticulosis in 1986 (baseline) using data from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
January 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064005/three-dimensional-functional-human-neuronal-networks-in-uncompressed-low-density-electrospun-fiber-scaffolds
#19
Albin Jakobsson, Maximilian Ottosson, Marina Castro Zalis, David O'Carroll, Ulrica Englund Johansson, Fredrik Johansson
We demonstrate an artificial three-dimensional (3D) electrical active human neuronal network system, by the growth of brain neural progenitors in highly porous low density electrospun poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) fiber scaffolds. In neuroscience research cell-based assays are important experimental instruments for studying neuronal function in health and disease. Traditional cell culture at 2D-surfaces induces abnormal cell-cell contacts and network formation. Hence, there is a tremendous need to explore in vivo-resembling 3D neural cell culture approaches...
January 4, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063170/assessing-mnis-7ionis-and-international-neurologists-proficiency-in-an-fap-trial
#20
Peter J Dyck, John C Kincaid, P James B Dyck, Vinay Chaudhry, Namita A Goyal, Christina Alves, Hayet Salhi, Janice F Wiesman, Celine Labeyrie, Jessica Robinson-Papp, Márcio Cardoso, Matilde Laura, Katherine Ruzhansky, Andrea Cortese, Thomas H Brannagan, Julie Khoury, Sami Khella, Márcia Waddington-Cruz, João Ferreira, Annabel K Wang, Marcus V Pinto, Samar S Ayache, Merrill D Benson, John L Berk, Teresa Coelho, Michael Polydefkis, Peter Gorevic, David H Adams, Violaine Plante-Bordeneuve, Carol Whelan, Giampaolo Merlini, Stephen Heitner, Brian M Drachman, Isabel Conceição, Christopher J Klein, Morie A Gertz, Elizabeth J Ackermann, Steven G Hughes, Michelle L Mauermann, Rito Bergemann, Karen A Lodermeier, Jenny L Davies, Rickey E Carter, William J Litchy
INTRODUCTION: Polyneuropathy signs (Neuropathy Impairment Score, NIS), neurophysiologic tests (m+7Ionis ), disability, and health scores were assessed in baseline evaluations of 100 patients entered into an oligonucleotide familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) trial. METHODS: We assessed: 1) Proficiency of grading neurologic signs and correlation with neurophysiologic tests, and 2) clinometric performance of mNIS+7Ionis and its subscores and correlation with disability and health scores...
January 7, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
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