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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332763/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-following-oropharyngeal-cancer-treatment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Anthony Loth, Justin Michel, Roch Giorgi, Laure Santini, Marc Rey, Jean-Marc Elbaum, Nicolas Roux, Antoine Giovanni, Patrick Dessi, Nicolas Fakhry
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in a population of patients treated for an advanced cancer of the oropharynx (AJCC Stage III or IV), depending on treatment strategy and to evaluate its impact on quality of life. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University Teaching Hospital of La Conception, Marseille, France. PARTICIPANTS: ifty-one disease free patients were included...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331379/smartphone-viewing-distance-and-sleep-an-experimental-study-utilizing-motion-capture-technology
#2
Michitaka Yoshimura, Momoko Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Maeda, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota, Taishiro Kishimoto
There are studies reporting the negative impact of smartphone utilization on sleep. It is considered that reduction of melatonin secretion under the blue light exposure from smart-phone displays is one of the causes. The viewing distance may cause sleep disturbance, because the viewing distance determines the screen illuminance and/or asthenopia. However, to date, there has been no study closely investigating the impact of viewing distance on sleep; therefore, we sought to determine the relationship between smartphone viewing distance and subjective sleep status...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329356/sleep-disturbances-and-risk-of-hospitalization-and-inpatient-days-among-older-women
#3
Misti L Paudel, Brent C Taylor, Tien N Vo, Allyson M Kats, John T Schousboe, Li-Yung Lui, Charles E McCulloch, Lisa Langsetmo, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Susan Redline, Kristine Yaffe, Katie L Stone, Teresa A Hillier, Kristine E Ensrud
Study Objective: Determine the associations of sleep disturbances with hospitalization risk among older women. Methods: 1,827 women (mean age 83.6 years) participating in Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Year 16 (Y16) examination (2002-2004) linked with Medicare and/or HMO claims. At Y16 examination, sleep/wake parameters were measured by actigraphy (total sleep time [TST], sleep efficiency [SE], sleep latency [SL], and wake after sleep onset [WASO]) and subjective sleep measures (sleep quality [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index] and daytime sleepiness [Epworth Sleepiness Scale]) were assessed by questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329332/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-predicts-neurodegeneration-in-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#4
Junying Zhou, Jihui Zhang, Siu Ping Lam, Joey Wy Chan, Vincent Mok, Anne Chan, Shirley Xin Li, Yaping Liu, Xiangdong Tang, Wing Ho Yung, Yun Kwok Wing
Study Objectives: To determine the association of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) with the conversion of neurodegenerative diseases in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). Methods: A total of 179 patients with iRBD (79.1% males, mean age = 66.3 ± 9.8 years) were consecutively recruited. Forty-five patients with Epworth Sleepiness Scale score ≥ 14 were defined as having EDS. Demographic, clinical and polysomnographic data were compared between iRBD patients with and without EDS...
March 16, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326793/changes-in-habitual-sleep-duration-after-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Ryo Tachikawa, Takuma Minami, Takeshi Matsumoto, Kimihiko Murase, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Morito Inouchi, Toru Oga, Kazuo Chin
RATIONALE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can affect not only sleep quality but also sleep duration. Determining the therapeutic effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on habitual sleep profiles may shed light on the impact of OSA on sleep duration. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether and how CPAP affects habitual sleep duration in patients with OSA. METHODS: Assessments of sleep duration and sleep quality were performed on 57 newly diagnosed study subjects with OSA (46 men, median 63 years, apnea-hypopnea index >20 h-1) at baseline and 3 months after initiation of CPAP therapy...
March 22, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321593/association-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-with-migraine-and-headache-frequency-in-the-general-population
#6
Knut Stavem, Håvard Anton Kristiansen, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen, Kari Jorunn Kværner, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Some previous studies have postulated an association between migraine and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). This study evaluated the association of EDS with migraine and headache frequency in a general population, after adjusting for potential confounding variables. METHODS: The study was a postal survey of a random age and gender-stratified sample of 40,000 persons aged 20 to 80 years old drawn by the National Population Register in Norway. The questionnaire included questions about migraine, headache, the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) and various comorbidities...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318060/integrating-postural-and-vestibular-dimensions-to-depict-impairment-in-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients
#7
Alessandro Micarelli, Claudio Liguori, Andrea Viziano, Francesca Izzi, Fabio Placidi, Marco Alessandrini
Vestibular dysfunction was linked to moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients in literature. However, due to a lack of knowledge among valid and recent implementations conceived to study postural control on static posturography (SP) and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain under physiological conditions (video Head Impulse Test; vHIT), the aim of this work was to integrate (i) VOR changes via vHIT implementation, (ii) postural arrangement by studying both classical parameters and frequency spectra (PS) and (iii) correlation between these findings, polygraphic (PG) and subjective scores along Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298397/predictors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-patients-admitted-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Jordi de Batlle, Cecilia Turino, Alicia Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Jorge Abad, Joaquín Duran-Cantolla, R Douglas McEvoy, Nick A Antic, Olga Mediano, Valentín Cabriada, Maria José Masdeu, Joaquín Teran, Joan Valls, Ferran Barbé, Manuel Sánchez-de-la-Torre
Identifying undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients in cardiovascular clinics could improve their management. Aiming to build an OSA predictive model, a broad analysis of clinical variables was performed in a cohort of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients.Sociodemographic, anthropometric, life-style and pharmacological variables were recorded. Clinical measures included blood pressure, electrocardiography, echocardiography, blood count, troponin levels and a metabolic panel. OSA was diagnosed using respiratory polygraphy...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288646/fatigue-and-sleepiness-determine-respiratory-quality-of-life-among-veterans-evaluated-for-sleep-apnea
#9
Denis Vinnikov, Paul D Blanc, Alaena Alilin, Moshe Zutler, Jon-Erik C Holty
BACKGROUND: In those with symptoms indicative of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), respiratory-specific health-related quality of life (HRQL) may be an important patient-centered outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between sleepiness, fatigue, and impaired general and respiratory-specific HRQL among persons with suspected OSA. METHODS: We evaluated military veterans consecutively referred for suspected OSA with sleep studies yielding apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values...
March 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284888/characteristics-of-sleep-in-socially-vulnerable-adolescents
#10
Lisie Polita Romanzini, Aline Ávila Dos Santos, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
IMPORTANCE: This study may help understand the effects of an unfavorable environment in sleep quality of adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep quality in socially vulnerable adolescents, correlating the results with cognitive problems and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and assessing the effectiveness of sleep hygiene and an educational intervention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and interventional study. SETTING: an educational charitable center supported by a Catholic institution, in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283367/prevalence-and-predictors-of-sleep-apnea-risk-among-ghanaian-stroke-survivors
#11
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Carolyn Jenkins, Nathaniel Adusei Mensah, Raelle Saulson, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Arti Singh, Michelle Nichols, Suparna Qanungo, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep apnea (SA) has emerged as a potent risk factor for stroke recurrence and mortality. The burden of SA among stroke survivors in sub-Saharan Africa where stroke incidence and mortality are escalating is unknown. We sought to assess the prevalence of SA risk and its clinical correlates and predictors among Ghanaian stroke survivors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 200 consecutive stroke survivors attending a neurology clinic in a tertiary medical center in Kumasi, Ghana...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273216/sleep-deprivation-and-drowsiness-of-medical-residents-and-medical-students
#12
Kátia Sheylla Malta Purim, Ana Tereza Bittencourt Guimarães, Ana Cláudia Kapp Titski, Neiva Leite
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of residents and medical students. METHODS: we applied a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to a population of residents and medical students. RESULTS: hundred five residents and 101 undergraduate medical students participated. Residents presented higher mean PSQI (6.76±2.81) with poorer sleep quality when compared with undergraduates (5...
December 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267366/eveningness-associates-with-smoking-and-sleep-problems-among-pregnant-women
#13
Ilona Merikanto, E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Timo Partonen
Sleep problems during pregnancy impair maternal health and increase the risk for adverse pregnancy outcome. The circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with sleep problems in previous studies. Here, we studied whether evening-type women had more sleep problems during their pregnancy, as compared with other chronotypes, in a sample consisting of 1653 pregnant women from the Finnish CHILD-SLEEP Birth Cohort. Chronotype was assessed with a shortened version of the morningness-eveningness questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266781/influence-of-high-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-adherence-to-antihypertensive-treatment-in-outpatients
#14
Camila G Righi, Denis Martinez, Sandro C Gonçalves, Miguel Gus, Leila B Moreira, Sandra C Fuchs, Flavio D Fuchs
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common cause of high blood pressure (BP). Many patients, however, have uncontrolled BP because of nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. The possibility that OSA influences adherence has not been investigated to date. The authors sought to explore the possible association between high risk of OSA and nonadherence. This study was carried out in a hypertension outpatient clinic. Adherence to medication, high risk of OSA, and sleepiness were evaluated in a cross-sectional study...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265478/twice-daily-versus-once-daily-pramipexole-extended-release-dosage-regimens-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Ji Young Yun, Young Eun Kim, Hui-Jun Yang, Han-Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon
This open-label study aimed to compare once-daily and twice-daily pramipexole extended release (PER) treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD). PD patients on dopamine agonist therapy, but with unsatisfactory control, were enrolled. Existing agonist doses were switched into equivalent PER doses. Subjects were consecutively enrolled into either once-daily-first or twice-daily-first groups and received the prescribed amount in one or two, respectively, daily doses for 8 weeks. For the second period, subjects switched regimens in a crossover manner...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260591/how-do-sleep-related-health-problems-affect-functional-status-according-to-sex
#16
Allegra Boccabella, John Malouf
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To measure differences in functional status between men and women presenting with sleep-related health problems. METHODS: A retrospective clinical audit of 744 Australian patients across 7 private general practices between April 2013 and January 2015 was conducted. Patients completed an electronic survey as part of their routine consultation, which included the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire 10 (FOSQ-10), and other questions relating to the effect of their sleep problem...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258532/counterclockwise-maxillomandibular-advancement-a-choice-for-chinese-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Silong Wei, Yong Zhang, Xiaojing Guo, Wenwen Yu, Meng Wang, Kan Yao, Hongxia Sun, Hua Zhang, Xiaofeng Lu
PURPOSE: Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an effective alternative for treating severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the promotion of MMA in China is limited by many Chinese patients having a convex facial profile. To achieve maximal upper airway enlargement without an esthetic disaster, we added counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex (MMC) in the routine MMA. In this paper, we have evaluated the objective and subjective outcomes of this technology...
March 3, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258080/measurement-of-narcolepsy-symptoms-the-narcolepsy-severity-scale
#18
Yves Dauvilliers, Severine Beziat, Carole Pesenti, Regis Lopez, Lucie Barateau, Bertrand Carlander, Gianina Luca, Mehdi Tafti, Charles M Morin, Michel Billiard, Isabelle Jaussent
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Narcolepsy Severity Scale (NSS), a brief clinical instrument to evaluate the severity and consequences of symptoms in patients with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1). METHODS: A 15-item scale to assess the frequency and severity of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, and disrupted nighttime sleep was developed and validated by sleep experts with patients' feedback. Seventy untreated and 146 treated adult patients with NT1 were evaluated and completed the NSS in a single reference sleep center...
March 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252604/-epidemiology-of-sleep-disorders-in-the-republic-of-tatarstan
#19
E Z Yakupov, Y V Troshina, V V Fedorova, L R Hasanshina, L R Ahatova, D V Artemieva
AIM: To evaluate the variability and severity of sleep disorders in people of the Republic of Tatarstan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A continuous survey using a questionnaire based on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), sleep apnea risk scale, restless leg syndrome scale was performed. The survey was conducted in a random sample of people (n=1156). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A high level of sleep disorders associated with anxiety disorders and comorbid pathologies was shown...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251225/risk-of-fatigue-among-anesthesia-residents-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Abeer A Arab, Huda Y Khayyat
To quantify fatigue risk and sleepiness among anesthesia residents in Saudi Arabia (SA). Methods: Between April 2014 and April 2015, all anesthesia residents training in western, central, and eastern regions in SA were invited to fill a survey. We conducted a cross-sectional self-reporting survey that included demographic data, the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), and 2 other scales to assess fatigue risk: a Checklist for Individual Strength (CIS) and a predefined comprehensive fatigue risk assessment previously developed by the Australian Medical Association (AMA)...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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