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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087546/association-between-insomnia-symptoms-job-strain-and-burnout-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-1300-financial-workers
#1
Arnaud Metlaine, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Maxime Elbaz, Jean Yves Delafosse, Damien Leger, Mounir Chennaoui
OBJECTIVES: Professional burnout is closely related to work stress but less frequently associated with disturbed sleep. This study determines whether job strain and sleep disturbances are associated risk factors of burnout among financial workers. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: 1300 employees (725 female) of a financial company. PRIMARY MEASURES: Self-reported questionnaires (Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, Sleep questionnaire based on ICSD-3 classification), the Epworth sleepiness scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073822/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-quality-of-life-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-parallel-cohort-study
#2
Thomas Gaisl, Cecilia Giunta, Daniel J Bratton, Kate Sutherland, Christian Schlatzer, Noriane Sievi, Daniel Franzen, Peter A Cistulli, Marianne Rohrbach, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Patients with the connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) often suffer from fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be an underlying cause for these symptoms but its prevalence in this population is unclear. METHODS: In this prospective parallel-cohort study, we included 100 adult patients with EDS (46% hypermobile-type, 35% classical-type and 19% other), which were one-to-one matched to 100 healthy adult controls according to sex, age, weight and height...
January 10, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072702/hypersomnia-due-to-injury-of-the-ventral-ascending-reticular-activating-system-following-cerebellar-herniation-a-case-report
#3
Sung Ho Jang, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
RATIONALE: We report on a patient with hypersomnia who showed injury of the lower ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) following cerebellar herniation due to a cerebellar infarct, detected on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old male patient was diagnosed as a left cerebellar infarct, and underwent decompressive suboccipital craniectomy due to brain edema at 2 days after the onset of a cerebellar infarct. Three weeks after onset when the patient started rehabilitation, he showed hypersomnia without impairment of consciousness; he fell asleep most of daytime without external stimulation and showed an abnormal score on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale: 15 (full score: 24, cut off for hypersomnia: 10)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070704/sleep-disturbances-in-patients-of-liver-cirrhosis-with-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-before-and-after-lactulose-therapy
#4
Jatinderpal Singh, Barjesh Chander Sharma, Vinod Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Siddharth Srivastava
Sleep disturbances are common in patients of cirrhosis with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and affect health related quality of life (HRQOL). No study has evaluated effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and correlation with HRQOL in patients with MHE. We assessed sleep disturbances in cirrhosis with MHE and effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and HRQOL. One hundred patients of cirrhosis [MHE; (n = 50, age 45.3 ± 11.2 years, 45 males) no-MHE (n = 50, age 46.3 ± 10.4 years, 44 males)] were included...
January 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067745/effect-of-trospium-chloride-on-cognitive-function-in-women-aged-50-and-older-a-randomized-trial
#5
Elizabeth J Geller, Julie B Dumond, J Michael Bowling, Christine M Khandelwal, Jennifer M Wu, Jan Busby-Whitehead, Daniel I Kaufer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of trospium chloride on cognitive function in postmenopausal women treated for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial conducted from April 2013 to April 2015. Women aged 50 years or older seeking treatment for OAB were randomized to either trospium chloride XR 60 mg daily or placebo. Baseline cognitive function was assessed via Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R), Mini Mental Status Exam, Mini Mental Status X, Digit Span, Trails A, Trails B, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066710/effect-of-adjunctive-perampanel-on-the-quality-of-sleep-and-daytime-somnolence-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#6
Montserrat González-Cuevas, Odile Romero, Manuel Toledo, Manuel Quintana, Roser Cambrodí, Estevo Santamarina, Maria José Jurado, Alex Ferrer, Xavier Salas-Puig
This prospective uncontrolled study evaluated the effect of low-dose adjunctive perampanel therapy (4 mg/day for 3 months) on the sleep-wake cycle and daytime somnolence in adult patients (n = 10) with focal seizures. A > 50% reduction in the number of seizures was reported in 80% of the study patients; treatment had no significant effect on any sleep parameters as evident by the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores. Two patients reported dizziness with treatment...
2017: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065685/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-fatigue-may-indicate-accelerated-brain-aging-in-cognitively-normal-late-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
Diego Z Carvalho, Erik K St Louis, Bradley F Boeve, Michelle M Mielke, Scott A Przybelski, David S Knopman, Mary M Machulda, Rosebud O Roberts, Yonas E Geda, Ronald C Petersen, Clifford R Jack, Prashanthi Vemuri
Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and fatigue increases with age. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between EDS and fatigue with cortical thickness and hippocampal volume in cognitively normal, late middle-aged and older adults. We performed a cross-sectional observational study of 1374 cognitively-normal subjects aged 50 years and older who had a structural MRI. Regional cortical thickness and hippocampal volume were measured. Multiple linear regression models were fit to explore associations between EDS and fatigue and structural MRI measures in different brain regions, adjusting for multiple covariates...
November 3, 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064431/the-prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-sleep-disorders-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-a-questionnaire-study
#8
Keun Tae Kim, Hye-Jin Moon, Jun-Gyu Yang, Sung-Ii Sohn, Jeong-Ho Hong, Yong Won Cho
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances are frequently reported in stroke patients and associated with the outcome of strokes. Using sleep questionnaires, we investigated the prevalence of classified sleep disturbance and the influence of sleep disorders upon a stroke prognosis. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIA) were included. We investigated the prevalence of sleep disturbance and the association of outcomes resulting from strokes...
January 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057162/-prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-professional-drivers-and-the-relationship-with-traffic-accidents
#9
Y Liu, C L Tu, W F Yao, Y F Yu, Z Wang, J R Hu
Objective: To study the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and its relationship with traffic accidents in the professional drivers. Methods: Questionnaires of OSAHS were sent to 950 professional drivers who had annual physical examination at the Central Hospital of Jiading District in Shanghai from October 2014 to September 2015. Those with moderate to severe snoring and/or Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)≥9 performed the home sleep testing. All drivers were divided into OSAHS and non-OSAHS according to the survey and monitoring...
December 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054298/obesity-hypersomnolence-and-quality-of-sleep-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery
#10
Thisciane Ferreira Pinto, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin, Paulo Marcos Lopes, Francisco Ney Lemos
PURPOSE: Obesity is commonly associated with poor sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and depressive mood but the impact of bariatric surgery on these conditions is incompletely understood. This study aimed to investigate the course of EDS and sleep quality in bariatric surgery patients in relation with changes in body weight and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In patients consecutively submitted to bariatric surgery, baseline and postoperative sleep quality were evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), excessive daytime sleepiness by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), risk for OSA by the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ), and depressive symptoms by the Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI)...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050420/effect-of-cpap-therapy-in-improving-daytime-sleepiness-in-indian-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-osa
#11
Gulshan Battan, Sanjeev Kumar, Ajay Panwar, Virendra Atam, Pradeep Kumar, Anil Gangwar, Ujjawal Roy
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease and a major public health issue in India. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an almost ubiquitous symptom of OSA. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score is a validated objective score to measure the degree of daytime sleepiness. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy has been established as the gold standard treatment modality for OSA patients. A few Indian studies have reported the effectiveness of CPAP therapy in improving ESS scores after 1(st) month of CPAP use...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036120/associations-of-pain-intensity-and-pain-related-disability-with-psychological-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-specialized-dental-clinic
#12
Naichuan Su, Frank Lobbezoo, Arjen van Wijk, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Corine M Visscher
The study assessed whether psychological and socio-demographic factors, including somatization, depression, stress, anxiety, daytime sleepiness, optimism, gender and age are associated with pain intensity and pain-related disability in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In total, 320 TMD patients were involved in the study. The psychological status of each patient was assessed with questionnaires, including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), stress questionnaire, and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031772/the-chronotype-of-elite-athletes
#13
Michele Lastella, Gregory D Roach, Shona L Halson, Charli Sargent
The aims of this study were (i) to compare the chronotype distribution of elite athletes to a young adult population and (ii) to determine if there was a tendency for athletes to select and/or participate in sports which suited their chronotype. A total of 114 elite athletes from five sports (cricket, cycling, hockey, soccer and triathlon) participated in this study. The participants' chronotype, sleepiness, sleep satisfaction and sleep quality were determined using the Horne and Östberg Morningness and Eveningness questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and questions concerning their sleep satisfaction and quality...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029554/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-non-motor-symptoms-scale-for-parkinson-s-disease
#14
I Cova, M E Di Battista, N Vanacore, C P Papi, G Alampi, A Rubino, M Valente, G Meco, P Contri, A Di Pucchio, E Lacorte, A Priori, C Mariani, S Pomati
OBJECTIVE: To validate the adapted Italian version of the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS), a tool to assess non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A cross cultural adaptation of the NMSS into Italian and a psychometric analysis of the translated version of the NMSS was carried out in patients with PD from two university centres-affiliated hospitals. The quality of data and the acceptability, reliability and construct validity of NMSS were analyzed...
January 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027907/effect-of-ramadan-fasting-on-fatigue-mood-sleepiness-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-healthy-young-men-in-summer-time-in-germany-a-prospective-controlled-study
#15
Boya Nugraha, Samaneh Khoshandam Ghashang, Imad Hamdan, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Muslims around the world fast during the lunar month of Ramadan. The month consists of 29 or 30 days, which vary in length depending on geographic location and the time of year. During this month, Muslims abstain from food, drink, smoking, and sex from dawn until sunset. In 2015, Ramadan fell during the summer. As a result, Muslims in Germany fasted 19 h a day. Previous research has shown associations between fasting and mood enhancement. This study aimed to determine the effect of fasting on young, healthy males who fasted in Germany during Ramadan 2015...
December 24, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019643/sleep-quality-improves-with-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-nasal-polyposis
#16
M Värendh, A Johannisson, H Hrubros-Strøm, M Andersson
BACKGROUND: Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis (CRSwNP) is a chronic disease that has a major impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Little is known about the influence of CRSwNP on sleep and what effect surgery for CRSwNP has on sleep quality. The aim of the study was to investigate sleep quality in patients with CRSwNP before and after endoscopic surgery. METHODOLOGY: Forty-two patients filled out four validated sleep questionnaires and one sino/nasal, disease specific quality of life questionnaire before surgery and three months later...
December 26, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017916/effects-of-smartphone-use-with-and-without-blue-light-at-night-in%C3%A2-healthy-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-placebo-controlled-comparison
#17
Jung-Yoon Heo, Kiwon Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, George I Papakostas, Min-Ji Kim, Dong Jun Kim, Kyung-Ah Judy Chang, Yunhye Oh, Bum-Hee Yu, Hong Jin Jeon
Smartphones deliver light to users through Light Emitting Diode (LED) displays. Blue light is the most potent wavelength for sleep and mood. This study investigated the immediate effects of smartphone blue light LED on humans at night. We investigated changes in serum melatonin levels, cortisol levels, body temperature, and psychiatric measures with a randomized, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled design of two 3-day admissions. Each subject played smartphone games with either conventional LED or suppressed blue light from 7:30 to 10:00PM (150 min)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012415/comparing-sleep-profiles-between-patients-with-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-and-symptomatic-partial-epilepsy-sleep-questionnaire-based-study
#18
Nashi Saraswati, Chetan Nayak, Sanjib Sinha, Madhu Nagappa, Kandavel Thennarasu, Arun B Taly
OBJECTIVES: Patients with epilepsy commonly report excessive daytime sleepiness and daytime fatigue, which may be attributed to the direct effect of seizures, a side effect of antiepileptic drugs or a combination of the two. The aim of the study was to compare sleep profiles in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and symptomatic partial epilepsy (PE) in drug naïve and treated patients using standardized sleep questionnaires. METHODS: Three study groups: - 1) juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (N=40) [drug naïve (N=20); On sodium valproate (SVA) (N=20)]; 2) symptomatic partial epilepsy (N=40) [drug naïve (N=20); On carbamazepine (CBZ) (N=20)]; 3) healthy controls (N=40) completed 3 standardized sleep questionnaires - Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and NIMHANS Comprehensive Sleep Disorders Questionnaire...
December 21, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008932/timing-and-quality-of-sleep-in-a-rural-brazilian-family-based-cohort-the-baependi-heart-study
#19
F Beijamini, K L Knutson, G Lorenzi-Filho, K J Egan, T P Taporoski, L K G De Paula, A B Negrão, A R V R Horimoto, N E Duarte, H Vallada, J E Krieger, M Pedrazzoli, A C Pereira, M von Schantz
Sleep is modulated by several factors, including sex, age, and chronotype. It has been hypothesised that contemporary urban populations are under pressure towards shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality. Baependi is a small town in Brazil that provides a window of opportunity to study the influence of sleep patterns in a highly admixed rural population with a conservative lifestyle. We evaluated sleep characteristics, excessive daytime sleepiness, and chronotype using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire questionnaires, respectively...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007402/performance-of-screening-questionnaires-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Visasiri Tantrakul, Pawin Numthavaj, Christian Guilleminault, Mark McEvoy, Panyu Panburana, Win Khaing, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
This review aims to evaluate the performance of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening questionnaires during pregnancy. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using MEDLINE Scopus, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library. A bivariate meta-analysis was applied for pooling of diagnostic parameters. Six of the total 4719 articles met the inclusion criteria. The Berlin questionnaire (BQ, N = 604) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS, N = 420) were the most frequently used screening tools during pregnancy...
November 15, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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