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Epworth scale

Satoshi Izumi, Guang Hong, Koh Iwasaki, Masayuki Izumi, Yusuke Matsuyama, Mirei Chiba, Takashi Toda, Tada-Aki Kudo
The taste detection system for oral fatty acid may be related to obesity. In addition, sleep is intrinsically and closely related to food intake and metabolism. However, the association of gustatory salivation with body mass index (BMI), daytime sleepiness, or sleep habits is largely unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between gustatory salivation and BMI, Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS, a daytime sleepiness scale) or sleep habits among 26 healthy young individuals (20 males and 6 females; mean age: 26...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Kayi Eliacik, Nurullah Bolat, Cemil Koçyiğit, Ali Kanik, Ellen Selkie, Huseyin Yilmaz, Gonul Catli, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Bumin Nuri Dundar
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in the global prevalence of obesity suggests that environmental factors may be responsible. The increased use of technology is associated with increased rates of obesity due to declines in physical activity and significant sedentary life style. Internet addiction is also a growing health issue associated with diminished physical activity and poor sleep quality as well as various health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine associations between Internet addiction and adolescent obesity-related problems...
October 18, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sicheng Wu, Shuqi Chen, Yanfang Zhao, Xiuqiang Ma, Rui Wang, Jia He
Background/Aims: Several studies have demonstrated that sleep problems are associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and functional dyspepsia etc, but the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and FGIDs has not been systematically studied in general population. This study aimed to explore the relationship between EDS and specific types of FGIDs and the effect of the number of FGIDs on EDS. Methods: A sample of 3600 individuals (aged 18-80 years) was selected from 5 regions in China using a randomized stratified multi-stage sampling method...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Billingsley Kaambwa, Christine Mpundu-Kaambwa, Robert Adams, Sarah Appleton, Sean Martin, Gary Wittert
OBJECTIVE: To assess the suitability for use within economic evaluation of a widely used sleep-related instrument (the Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]) by examining its convergent and discriminant validity with two widely used generic preference-based instruments (Short-Form 36 [SF-36] and the Assessment of Quality of Life 4 dimensions [AQoL-4D]). METHODS: Data from a cross-section of 2,236 community-dwelling Australian men were analyzed. Convergent validity was investigated using Spearman's correlation, intraclass correlation, and modified Bland-Altman plots, while discriminant validity was examined using Kruskal Wallis tests...
October 18, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Wenjie Huang, Mahalakshmi Rangabashyam, Ying Hao, Jiaying Liu, Song Tar Toh
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the impact of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) on quality of life (QOL) and evaluate the utility of polysomnographic parameters in reflecting QOL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who underwent polysomnography (PSG) between December 2010 and November 2012 consecutively were recruited and they completed the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaires. Based on the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), patients were classified as primary snorers (AHI <5), suffering from mild (5 ≤15), moderate (15 ≤30) or severe OSA (≥30)...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Yun Li, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Ilia Kritikou, Maria Basta, Slobodanka Pejovic, Jordan Gaines, Edward O Bixler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Objective and subjective measures of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are only weakly associated. No study, however, has examined whether these two measures of EDS differ in terms of underlying mechanisms and prognostic value. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, i.e., interleukin-6 (IL-6) appear to promote sleepiness/fatigue, while the stress hormone cortisol promotes vigilance. We hypothesized that objective sleepiness is associated with increased levels of IL-6 and decreased levels of cortisol...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
S Hartley, S Dagneaux, V Londe, M-T Liane, F Aussert, C Colas des Francs, S Royant-Parola
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a short (3 session) programme of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) on insomnia, sleepiness and symptoms of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Prospective observational study of group CBT with follow-up at 3 months. Participants were self-referred patients with chronic insomnia. Outcome measures were the insomnia severity scale (ISI), the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), depression (Pichot scale), and the number of anxiety symptoms...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
D M Marques, H R S Teixeira, A R F Lopes, T A Martins-Pedersoli, L C Ziviani, Ê D Mente, O Castro-E-Silva, C M Galvão, K S Mendes
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the sleep quality and daytime sleepiness of patients eligible for liver transplants. METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study was conducted on liver transplant candidates from a transplant center in the interior of São Paulo State. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale questionnaires were applied to obtain demographic and clinical characteristics and to assess sleep quality and daytime sleepiness...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Shengli Ma, Xue Rui, Peiyi Qi, Gangqiong Liu, Jing Yang
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep is common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study assessed the prevalence of poor sleep and investigated the potential impact factors that influence sleep quality of patients with MS. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-report survey of 231 patients with MS and 265 sex- and age-matched controls was conducted. Good sleepers and poor sleepers were separated by their global score on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Sociodemographic parameters, such as age, gender, and marital status, and clinical-demographic parameters, such as excessive daytime sleepiness (measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale), snoring, insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, drugs, pain, depression, fatigue, and quality of life, were registered...
October 11, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
David T Plante, Laurel A Finn, Erika W Hagen, Emmanuel Mignot, Paul E Peppard
BACKGROUND: Hypersomnolence is common in depression, however longitudinal associations of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), long habitual sleep duration, and objective sleep propensity with depressive symptomatology are not well established. METHODS: Data from adults participating in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study who had multiple assessments at 4-year intervals were utilized in analyses. Conditional (intrasubject) logistic regression estimated the likelihood of development of depression and three primary hypersomnolence measures: subjective EDS [Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) >10], habitual sleep duration ≥9h/day, and increased physiological sleep propensity [multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) mean sleep latency <8min]...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Christian M Horvath, Stephan Zbinden, Sebastian R Ott, Anne-Kathrin Brill
A 43-year-old man was referred to our tertiary sleep center for the initiation of sleep apnea treatment. A prior diagnostic overnight polysomnography (Fig 1) had revealed an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 22/h of sleep. The apneas were predominantly central (central AHI, 18.2/h; obstructive AHI, 3.8/h), more pronounced in the supine position (AHI supine, 36.6/h; AHI nonsupine, 11/h) and during non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep (REM, 15.8/h; non-REM, 23.5/h). A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) trial in an outpatient setting had failed, as the fixed CPAP of 11 cm H2O was not tolerated by the patient because of a feeling of lightheadedness when wearing the mask...
October 2016: Chest
Oh-Young Kwon, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: Irritability has been reported in epilepsy patients. We identified associated factors for interictal irritability in epilepsy patients. METHOD: Adult epilepsy patients who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for at least 1year were invited to participate in this study. For eligible patients, several questionnaires, such as the Irritability in Adult Patients with Epilepsy (I-Epi), the Korean version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (K-NDDI-E), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), were administered...
September 29, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Fabiana Yagihara, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Rogerio Santos-Silva
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nasal dilator strip (NDS) as a placebo intervention compared with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Patients were treated with both NDS and nasal CPAP. The sequence was randomized and interposed by 15 days of washout. Polysomnography was performed at baseline and on the first night of intervention with NDS and CPAP (titration)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Conor P Kerley, Katrina Hutchinson, Jessica Bramham, Aisling McGowan, John Faul, Liam Cormican
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Our group and others have reported a high rate of vitamin D deficiency in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), where vitamin D levels (25(OH)D) correlate negatively with OSAS severity and some of its associated metabolic alterations. Data regarding vitamin D supplementation in OSAS are lacking. We wanted to evaluate the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on OSAS symptoms and metabolic parameters. METHODS: We conducted a pilot, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of daily supplementation with 4,000 IU vitamin D3 (D3) or placebo (PL)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Somayyeh Mokhber, Paria Zargham Ravanbakhsh, Fatemeh Jesmi, Mohadeseh Pishgahroudsari, Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: Obesity, particularly morbid obesity, has various physical and mental complications. Excessive daytime somnolence (EDS) is a sleep disorder that reduces individuals' performance capability and the accuracy of their short-term memory and causes learning problems. This retrospective study aimed to document the presence of EDS in a sample of obese patients in comparison to patients with a normal weight. OBJECTIVES: This article compares the excessive daytime sleepiness of obese and non-obese patients in the minimally invasive surgery research center in Tehran, Iran...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
J V Dos S Canellas, H L M Barros, P J D Medeiros, F G Ritto
The objective of this study was to evaluate, through cone beam computed tomography, the immediate changes in pharyngeal airway space (PAS) after orthognathic surgery in class III patients, and to determine the influence of surgery on the development of obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS). A prospective study was conducted; 33 patients were divided into three groups: mandibular setback surgery (nine patients), bimaxillary surgery (18 patients), and maxillary advancement surgery (six patients)...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Lynn M Baniak, Carolyn S Pierce, Kenneth J McLeod, Eileen R Chasens
Prevention of lower extremity fluid pooling (LEFP) is associated with improved sleep quality. Physical activity and compression stockings are non-invasive methods used to manage LEFP, but both are associated with low adherence. Calf muscle pump (CMP) stimulation is an alternative and more convenient approach. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 11 participants between ages 45 and 65 with poor sleep quality. A within-person single-group pre-test-post-test design was used to evaluate changes in sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, and functional outcomes sensitive to impaired sleep as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale after 4 weeks of CMP stimulation...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sleep disorders (SD) in ischemic stroke (IS) patients followed in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) and to compare this prevalence to that found in a control population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of 8 months. We enrolled IS patients and case controls matched for age and sex and who met the inclusion criteria. The data studied were epidemiological and clinical...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Huseyin Per, Neslihan Gunay, Sevda Ismailogullari, Didem Behice Oztop, Osman Gunay
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and associated factors in adolescents aged 13-16years in the provincial center of Kayseri. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample included 5720 adolescents who were selected from among 74,421 grade 7-10 students aged 13-16years in the provincial center of Kayseri. Overall, datas from 4792 subjects were included into analysis. Data were collected by using a self reported questionnaire and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
September 22, 2016: Brain & Development
Panagiotis Matsangas, Nita Lewis Shattuck
OBJECTIVE: To assess the similarities and differences between reported levels of fatigue and sleepiness as a consequence of working at sea. PARTICIPANTS: 767 crewmembers of a U.S. Navy ship. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a survey to include questions about demographics, caffeine consumption, sleep adequacy, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). RESULTS: ESS scores (8.41 ± 4.66) indicated that 32% of the participants had excessive daytime sleepiness (ESS score > 10), while approximately 7% had an ESS score of 16 or more...
September 23, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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