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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331459/garlic-allium-sativum-l-fed-to-dairy-cows-does-not-modify-the-cheese-making-properties-of-milk-but-affects-the-color-texture-and-flavor-of-ripened-cheese
#1
Giulia Rossi, Stefano Schiavon, Giovanna Lomolino, Claudio Cipolat-Gotet, Alberto Simonetto, Giovanni Bittante, Franco Tagliapietra
Garlic and garlic components have recently been proposed as ruminal activity modulators to reduce the enteric methane emissions of ruminants, but little is known of their influence on milk coagulation properties, nutrient recovery, cheese yield, and sensorial and rheological characteristics of milk and cheese. The present study assessed the effects of garlic and diallyl sulfide supplements on dry matter intake (DMI), productive performance, milk coagulation properties, cheese yield, milk and cheese sensory profiles, and rheological characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330582/nano-silicon-alters-antioxidant-activities-of-soybean-seedlings-under-salt-toxicity
#2
Salar Farhangi-Abriz, Shahram Torabian
Materials with a particle size less than 100 nm are classified as nano-materials. The physical and chemical properties of nano-materials can vary considerably from those of bulk materials of the same composition. Silicon (Si) still fails to get recognized as an essential nutrient for plant growth and development, however the beneficial effects in terms of growth, biotic and abiotic stress resistance have been indicated in a variety of plant species for their growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different nano-silicon rates on the growth and antioxidant activities of soybean (Glycine max L...
January 12, 2018: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329831/physicochemical-properties-nutritional-value-and-techno-functional-properties-of-goldenberry-physalis-peruviana-waste-powder-concise-title-composition-of-goldenberry-juice-waste
#3
Sayed M Mokhtar, Hesham M Swailam, Hassan El-Sayed Embaby
Goldenberry waste powder, contained 5.87% moisture, 15.89% protein, 13.72% fat, 3.52% ash, 16.74% dietary fiber and 61% carbohydrates. Potassium (560 mg/100 g) was the predominant element followed by sodium (170 mg/100 g) and phosphorus (130 mg/100 g). Amino acid analysis gave high levels of cystine/methionine, histidine and tyrosine/phenylalanine. Goldenberry waste powder had good levels of the techno-functional properties including water absorption index, swelling index, foaming capacity and stability (3...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329437/association-of-extracellular-dntp-utilization-with-a-gmpap1-like-protein-identified-in-cell-wall-proteomic-analysis-of-soybean-roots
#4
Weiwei Wu, Yan Lin, Pandao Liu, Qianqian Chen, Jiang Tian, Cuiyue Liang
Plant root cell walls are dynamic systems that serve as the first plant compartment responsive to soil conditions, such as phosphorus (P) deficiency. To date, evidence for the regulation of root cell wall proteins (CWPs) by P deficiency remains sparse. In order to gain a better understanding of the roles played by CWPs in the roots of soybean (Glycine max) in adaptation to P deficiency, we conducted an iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation) proteomic analysis. A total of 53 CWPs with differential accumulation in response to P deficiency were identified...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325965/genome-wide-association-mapping-for-seed-protein-and-oil-contents-using-a-large-panel-of-soybean-accessions
#5
Dongmei Li, Xue Zhao, Yingpeng Han, Wenbin Li, Futi Xie
Soybean is globally cultivated primarily for its protein and oil. The protein and oil contents of the seeds are quantitatively inherited traits determined by the interaction of numerous genes. In order to gain a better understanding of the molecular foundation of soybean protein and oil content for the marker-assisted selection (MAS) of high quality traits, a population of 185 soybean germplasms was evaluated to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with the seed protein and oil contents. Using specific length amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) technology, a total of 12,072 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with a minor allele frequency (MAF) ≥ 0...
January 8, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325771/a-cross-cultural-study-of-acceptability-and-food-pairing-for-hot-sauces
#6
Hyun-Jee Kim, Seo-Jin Chung, Kwang-Ok Kim, Belinda Nielsen, Rie Ishii, Michael O'Mahony
This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2...
January 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325102/elevated-proportions-of-deleterious-genetic-variation-in-domestic-animals-and-plants
#7
Takashi Makino, Carl-Johan Rubin, Miguel Carneiro, Erik Axelsson, Leif Andersson, Matthew T Webster
A fraction of genetic variants segregating in any population are deleterious, which negatively impacts individual fitness. The domestication of animals and plants is associated with population bottlenecks and artificial selection, which are predicted to increase the proportion of deleterious variants. However, the extent to which this is a general feature of domestic species is unclear. Here we examine the effects of domestication on the prevalence of deleterious variation using pooled whole-genome resequencing data from five domestic animal species (dog, pig, rabbit, chicken and silkworm) and two domestic plant species (rice and soybean) compared to their wild ancestors...
January 9, 2018: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324881/genome-wide-analysis-and-expression-profiles-of-glyoxalase-gene-families-in-chinese-cabbage-brassica-rapa-l
#8
Guixin Yan, Xin Xiao, Nian Wang, Fugui Zhang, Guizhen Gao, Kun Xu, Biyun Chen, Jiangwei Qiao, Xiaoming Wu
The glyoxalase pathway is composed of glyoxalase I (GLYI) and glyoxalase II (GLYII) and is responsible for the detoxification of a cytotoxic metabolite methylglyoxal (MG) into the nontoxic S-D-lactoylglutathione. The two glyoxalase enzymes play a crucial role in stress tolerance in various plant species. Recently, the GLY gene families have well been analyzed in Arabidopsis, rice and soybean, however, little is known about them in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa). Here, 16 BrGLYI and 15 BrGLYII genes were identified in the B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320433/benefits-of-fish-oil-consumption-over-other-sources-of-lipids-on-metabolic-parameters-in-obese-rats
#9
Paula Novato Gondim, Priscila Vieira Rosa, Daniel Okamura, Viviam De Oliveira Silva, Eric Francelino Andrade, Daniel Arrais Biihrer, Luciano José Pereira
This study evaluated the effect of the consumption of different levels and sources of lipids on metabolic parameters of Wistar rats. Animals were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) containing 20% of lard for 12 weeks to cause metabolic obesity. Subsequently, the animals were divided into six groups and were fed diets with lipid concentrations of 5% or 20% of lard (LD), soybean oil (SO) or fish oil (FO), for 4 weeks. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (two-way) followed by Tukey post hoc test (p < 0.05)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319730/effect-of-different-commercial-fat-sources-on-brain-liver-and-blood-lipid-profiles-of-rats-in-growth-phase
#10
Michel Cardoso de Angelis-Pereira, Maria de Fátima Píccolo Barcelos, Juciane de Abreu Ribeiro Pereira, Rafaela Corrêa Pereira, Raimundo Vicente de Souza
PURPOSE: To investigate the fatty acid content of different fat sources and evaluate the effect of them on plasma and hepatic lipids and on the fatty acid profile of the brain tissue of Wistar rats. METHODS: Thirty male albino Wistar rats received for 59 days, the following diets: diet added of margarine with low content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA); diet added of margarine with high content of PUFA; diet added of butter; diet added of hydrogenated vegetable fat; diet added of soybean oil...
December 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317244/evaluation-of-30-das-444%C3%A3-6-6-soybean-meal-in-a-subchronic-rat-toxicity-study
#11
Sabitha Papineni, Julie K Passage, Ricardo D Ekmay, Johnson Thomas
Event DAS-444Ø6-6 soybean is genetically modified (GM) to provide tolerance to 2,4-diclorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), glyphosate, and glufosinate herbicides through expression of the AAD-12, 2mEPSPS, and PAT proteins, respectively. DAS-444Ø6-6 soybeans were evaluated for safety in subchronic rat feeding studies. The results from two previous subchronic rat feeding studies evaluating diets formulated with 20% inclusion of DAS-444Ø6-6 soybean meal (the latter also containing DAS-444Ø6-6 derived hulls and oil) did not show any treatment-related adverse effects...
January 6, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316679/comparison-of-conventional-and-microwave-treatment-on-soymilk-for-inactivation-of-trypsin-inhibitors-and-in-vitro-protein-digestibility
#12
Brinda Harish Vagadia, Sai Kranthi Vanga, Ashutosh Singh, Yvan Gariepy, Vijaya Raghavan
Soymilk is lower in calories compared to cow's milk, since it is derived from a plant source (no cholesterol) and is an excellent source of protein. Despite the beneficial factors, soymilk is considered as one of the most controversial foods in the world. It contains serine protease inhibitors which lower its nutritional value and digestibility. Processing techniques for the elimination of trypsin inhibitors and lipoxygenase, which have shorter processing time and lower production costs are required for the large-scale manufacturing of soymilk...
January 8, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316260/genetic-origin-and-dispersal-of-the-invasive-soybean-aphid-inferred-from-population-genetic-analysis-and-approximate-bayesian-computation
#13
Fang Fang, Jing Chen, Li-Yun Jiang, Yan-Hua Qu, Ge-Xia Qiao
Biological invasion is considered one of the most important global environmental problems. Knowledge of the source and dispersal routes of invasion could facilitate the eradication and control of invasive species. Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, is one of the most destructive soybean pests. For effective management of this pest, we conducted genetic analyses and approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) analysis to determine the origins and dispersal of the aphid species, as well as the source of its invasion in the USA, using eight microsatellite loci and the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene...
January 9, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315949/transcriptome-based-analyses-of-phosphite-mediated-suppression-of-rust-pathogens-puccinia-emaculata-and-phakopsora-pachyrhizi-and-functional-characterization-of-selected-fungal-target-genes
#14
Upinder S Gill, Liang Sun, Sachin Rustgi, Yuhong Tang, Diter von Wettstein, Kirankumar S Mysore
Phosphite (Phi) is commercially used to manage diseases mainly caused by Oomycetes, primarily due to its low-cost compared to other fungicides, and persistent control of oomycetous pathogens. We explored the use of Phi in controlling fungal pathogens Puccinia emaculata and Phakopsora pachyrhizi the causal agents of the switchgrass rust and the Asian soybean rust, respectively. Phi primes host defenses and efficiently inhibits growth of P. emaculata, P. pachyrhizi, and several other fungal pathogens tested. To understand the Phi-mediated effects, a detailed molecular analysis was undertaken in both the host and the pathogen...
January 6, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314059/genetic-and-epigenetic-divergence-of-duplicate-genes-in-two-legume-species
#15
Chunming Xu, Brian D Nadon, Kyung Do Kim, Scott A Jackson
Soybean (Glycine max) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) share a polyploidy event ~59 MYA, followed by a Glycine-specific WGD ~8-13 MYA. Duplicated genes were classified into five categories: singletons, dispersed, proximal, tandem or WGD/segmental and found strong correlations between gene category and functional annotation. Photosynthesis and transcriptional regulation-related GO terms were significantly over-represented in singletons and WGD genes, respectively, aligning with the gene balance hypothesis...
January 4, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313328/efficient-biosynthesis-of-natural-yellow-pigments-by-monascus-purpureus-in-a-novel-integrated-fermentation-system
#16
Jun Lv, Gao-Fei Qian, Lei Chen, Huan Liu, Hai-Xiao Xu, Gan-Rong Xu, Bo-Bo Zhang, Chan Zhang
Due to the increasing demand for healthy and safe food, Monascus spp. have gained much attention as a sustainable source of natural food colorant. In this study, a novel integrated fermentation system consisting of surfactant and in situ extractant was established for efficiently producing yellow pigments by M. purpureus sjs-6. The maximum production of Monascus yellow pigment (669.2 U/mL) was obtained when 40% soybean oil (as extractant) was supplied at the beginning and 5 g/L Span-80 (as surfactant) was supplied at the 72th h, resulting in production 27...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311620/dietary-soybean-meal-affects-intestinal-homoeostasis-by-altering-the-microbiota-morphology-and-inflammatory-cytokine-gene-expression-in-northern-snakehead
#17
Shuyan Miao, Chenze Zhao, Jinyu Zhu, Juntao Hu, Xiaojing Dong, Longsheng Sun
A 63-day feeding trial was conducted in northern snakehead to observe the effects of a dietary soybean meal substitution on the microbiota community, morphology and inflammatory cytokine gene expression in the intestine. Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets containing increasing levels of soybean meal were used to replace 0%, 25%, 50% and 75% of the defatted fishmeal (diets are referred to G1, G2, G3 and G4, respectively). Different dietary soybean meal substitutions significantly affected the intestinal microbiota composition...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311524/effects-of-water-addition-to-prevent-deterioration-of-soybean-oil-by-calcium-silicate-adsorbent
#18
Fumihiko Ogata, Mikako Obayashi, Eri Nagahashi, Takehiro Nakamura, Naohito Kawasaki
In this study, we prepared calcium silicate at different molar ratios (Ca:Si=1:3, 1:6, and 1:9 refer to CAS-30S, CAS-60S, and CAS-90S, respectively) with water addition. The adsorbent characteristics (specific surface area, pore volume, mean pore diameter, and elemental analysis) were measured and the effect of water addition on the adsorbent surface for the prevention of deterioration was evaluated. In addition, the deterioration of soybean oil (SO) subjected to heating and aeration was investigated based on the acid value (AV) and carbonyl value (CV)...
2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310859/maximize-rhamnolipid-production-with-low-foaming-and-high-yield
#19
Maysam Sodagari, Krutika Invally, Lu-Kwang Ju
Rhamnolipids are well-known microbial surfactants with many potential applications. Their production cost, however, remains high due to the severe foaming tendency in aerobic fermentation and the relatively low productivity and yield. In this study, we assessed the boundaries set by these constraints after optimization of basic parameters such as dissolved oxygen concentration (DO), pH and carbon sources. DO 10% and pH 5.5-5.7 were found optimal; cell growth and/or rhamnolipid production were slower at lower DO (5%) or pH (5...
March 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310408/case-report-repairing-orbital-skin-defects-using-composite-flaps-after-giant-eyelid-derived-tumor-excision-and-orbital-exenteration
#20
Bin Fan, Jian-Ju Liu, Bei-Fen Wang, Ying-Jian Sun, Guang-Yu Li
RATIONALE: Though giant malignant tumors arising in the eyelid are rare, they often require extensive surgery for removal along with orbital exenteration. Because of this, repairing orbital defects is an important factor in the surgical strategy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was a 78-year-old nomad man who presented in the Department of Ophthalmology with a giant tumor in his right eyelid, which had developed over three years. Clinical examination revealed a huge pigmented, nonhealing ulcerated lesion, approximately 52×44×40 mm in size...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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