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Craig A Harper, Ross M Bartels, Todd E Hogue
Stigmatization and societal punitiveness about pedophilia have a range of potential consequences, such as the social isolation of people with sexual interest in children, and the formation of policies that are not consistent with empirical research findings. Previous research has shown that people with pedophilic sexual interests use societal thinking to self-stigmatize, which in turn may actually serve to increase their risk of committing a sexual offense. In this study, we compared two attitudinal interventions (first-person narrative vs...
December 9, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Skye Stephens, Michael C Seto, Alasdair M Goodwill, James M Cantor
Hebephilia refers to a persistent intense sexual interest in pubescent children. Although not as widely studied as pedophilia, studies of hebephilia have indicated convergence in self-report and sexual arousal. The present study expanded on previous work by examining convergent and divergent validity across indicators of hebephilia that included self-report, sexual behavior, and sexual arousal in a sample of 2238 men who had sexually offended. We included men who denied such interest and specifically examined the overlap between hebephilia and pedophilia and examined pedohebephilia (i...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Safiye Tozdan, Anna Kalt, Arne Dekker, Livia B Keller, Stephanie Thiel, Jürgen L Müller, Peer Briken
In this study, the impact of suggesting that pedophilia is immutable on a man's specific self-efficacy for modifying his sexual interest in children was examined in 94 men with a sexual interest in children. The participants were selected from differing contexts and included non-forensic patients, forensic patients, and participants from the Internet. Randomly distributed to two conditions, the mutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be modifiable, whereas the immutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be stable...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Christian Kärgel, Claudia Massau, Simone Weiß, Martin Walter, Viola Borchardt, Tillmann H C Krueger, Gilian Tenbergen, Jonas Kneer, Matthias Wittfoth, Alexander Pohl, Hannah Gerwinn, Jorge Ponseti, Till Amelung, Klaus M Beier, Sebastian Mohnke, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
Neurobehavioral models of pedophilia and child sexual offending suggest a pattern of temporal and in particular prefrontal disturbances leading to inappropriate behavioral control and subsequently an increased propensity to sexually offend against children. However, clear empirical evidence for such mechanisms is still missing. Using a go/nogo paradigm in combination with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we compared behavioral performance and neural response patterns among three groups of men matched for age and IQ: pedophiles with (N = 40) and without (N = 37) a history of hands-on sexual offences against children as well as healthy non-offending controls (N = 40)...
October 21, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
Michael C Seto, J Paul Fedoroff, John M Bradford, Natasha Knack, Nicole C Rodrigues, Susan Curry, Brad Booth, Jonathan Gray, Colin Cameron, Dominique Bourget, Sarina Messina, Elizabeth James, Diane Watson, Sanjiv Gulati, Rufino Balmaceda, Adekunle G Ahmed
We tested the inter-rater reliability and criterion-related validity of the DSM-IV-TR pedophilia diagnosis and proposed DSM-5 pedohebephilia diagnosis in a sample of 79 men who had committed child pornography offenses, contact sexual offenses against children, or who were referred because of concerns about whether they had a sexual interest in children. Participants were evaluated by two independent psychiatrists with an interview and questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, sexual history, and self-reported sexual interests; they also completed phallometric and visual reaction time testing...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
J M Cantor, S J Lafaille, J Hannah, A Kucyi, D W Soh, T A Girard, D J Mikulis
INTRODUCTION: Neuroimaging and other studies have changed the common view that pedophilia is a result of childhood sexual abuse and instead is a neurologic phenomenon with prenatal origins. Previous research has identified differences in the structural connectivity of the brain in pedophilia. AIM: To identify analogous differences in functional connectivity. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance images were recorded from three groups of participants while they were at rest: pedophilic men with a history of sexual offenses against children (n = 37) and two control groups: non-pedophilic men who committed non-sexual offenses (n = 28) and non-pedophilic men with no criminal history (n = 39)...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Skye Stephens, Michael C Seto, Alasdair M Goodwill, James M Cantor
Hebephilia refers to sexual interest in pubescent children who are beginning to show early signs of sexual development but are sexually immature. The present study examined the relationship between hebephilia and victim age choice in a sample of 2,238 adult male sexual offenders. On average, offenders were 39 years old at the time of their assessments, and approximately half (48%) were referred by probation or parole offices. Assessment data included self-report, sexual arousal measured by volumetric phallometry, and victims' ages...
August 25, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Michael C Seto
In this article, I return to the idea that pedophilia, a sexual interest in prepubescent children, can be considered a sexual orientation for age, in conjunction with the much more widely acknowledged and discussed sexual orientation for gender. Here, I broaden the scope to consider other chronophilias, referring to paraphilias for age/maturity categories other than young sexually mature adults. The puzzle of chronophilias includes questions about etiology and course, how chronophilias are related to each other, and what they can tell us about how human (male) sexuality is organized...
August 22, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Ahmed M Alnemari, Tarek R Mansour, Mark Buehler, Daniel Gaudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Şafak Taktak, Ebru Yılmaz, Oguz Karamustafalıoglu, Ayla Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out to research the frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of paraphilic cases in Turkey and forensic aspects of them and to explain forensic psychiatric studies of people show paraphilic actions and assess them from legal aspects. METHOD: This research is done by studying a total of 101,208 cases who were sent to Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute (FMI) by the judicial organs of 4th Specialization Board between 1984 and 2004 to decide whether they show paraphilic actions or not...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Katarina Alanko, Annika Gunst, Andreas Mokros, Pekka Santtila
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of sexual preference disorders (paraphilias) in general and pedophilia in particular remains unknown. There are some indications of biological factors related to pedophilic interest and pedophilic disorder. AIM: To examine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) potentially associated with pedophilic sexual interest. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,672 men 18 to 45 years old from the Genetics of Sex and Aggression sample who had submitted saliva samples...
May 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Dorit Grundmann, Jurian Krupp, Gerold Scherner, Till Amelung, Klaus M Beier
In forensic research, there is a controversial discussion concerning the changeability or stability of pedophilia. Seto (2012) conceptualized pedophilia as a sexual age orientation characterized by an early onset, correlations with sexual and romantic behavior, and stability over time. However, empirical data are sparse and are mostly based on samples of detected offenders. The present study examined self-reported arousal to sexual fantasies involving children in a clinical sample of pedo-/hebephiles. In Study 1, retrospective self-reports on the age of onset and duration of sexual interest in minors were examined...
July 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Verner Knott, Danielle Impey, Derek Fisher, Emily Delpero, Paul Fedoroff
Cognitive mechanisms associated with the relative lack of sexual interest in adults by pedophiles are poorly understood and may benefit from investigations examining how the brain processes adult erotic stimuli. The current study used event-related brain potentials (ERP) to investigate the time course of the explicit processing of erotic, emotional, and neutral pictures in 22 pedophilic patients and 22 healthy controls. Consistent with previous studies, early latency anterior ERP components were highly selective for erotic pictures...
February 1, 2016: Brain Research
Anna Konrad, Laura F Kuhle, Till Amelung, Klaus M Beier
Although emotional congruence with children (ECWC) is a risk factor for sexual offending against children, its conceptual validity has hardly been researched. This study aims to explore the construct of ECWC by evaluating the factor structure of the Child Identification Scale (CIS-R) and its relation to facets of sexual preference and child sexual abuse behaviors. It was hypothesized that the measure comprises consistent subscales that are differently associated with aspects of sexual preference and sexual offending against children...
December 16, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Mary Zaborskis
This article serves as one of the supplementary pieces of this special issue on "Mapping Queer Bioethics," in which we take a solipsistic turn to "map" the Journal of Homosexuality itself. Here, the author examines one of the most controversial moments in the history of the journal, whereby a contributor was subject to governmental and popular rebuke for his scholarship on pederasty, pedophilia, and underage queer sexuality. In a chronological and intellectual appraisal of this pedophilia-themed text, the author asks us to recalibrate the disquietude we posit when same-sex affection, youthful sexuality, and sexual abuse are in close proximity...
2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Andreas Mokros, Elmar Habermeyer
The sexual preference for prepubertal children (pedophilia) is generally assumed to be a lifelong condition. Müller et al. (2014) challenged the notion that pedophilia was stable. Using data from phallometric testing, they found that almost half of 40 adult pedophilic men did not show a corresponding arousal pattern at retest. Critics pointed out that regression to the mean and measurement error might account for these results. Müller et al. contested these explanations. The present study shows that regression to the mean in combination with low reliability does indeed provide an exhaustive explanation for the results...
October 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
James M Cantor, Sophie Lafaille, Debra W Soh, Massieh Moayedi, David J Mikulis, Todd A Girard
Pedophilia is a principal motivator of child molestation, incurring great emotional and financial burdens on victims and society. Even among pedophiles who never commit any offense,the condition requires lifelong suppression and control. Previous comparison using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)of MR images from a large sample of pedophiles and controls revealed group differences in white matter. The present study therefore sought to verify and characterize white matter involvement using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which better captures the microstructure of white matter than does VBM...
November 2015: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Amy D Lykins, James M Cantor
Adult men's height results from an interaction among positive and negative influences, including genetic predisposition, conditions in utero, and influences during early development such as nutritional quality, pathogen exposure, and socioeconomic status. Decreased height, reflected specifically as a decreased leg length, is strongly associated with increased risk of poorer health outcomes. Although prior research has repeatedly shown that pedophiles are shorter than nonpedophiles, the largest study to date relied on self-reported height...
October 12, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Mauro Silvani, Nicola Mondaini, Alessandro Zucchi
Andrology is a constantly evolving discipline, embracing social problems like pedophilia and its pharmacological treatment. With regard to chemical castration, the andrologist may perform an important role as part of a team of specialists. At present, no knowledge is available regarding hormonal, chromosomal or genetic alterations involved in pedophilia. International legislation primarily aims to defend childhood, but does not provide for compulsory treatment. We reviewed international literature that, at present, only comprises a few reports on research concerning androgen deprivation...
September 30, 2015: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Louise Almond, Michelle A McManus, Susan Giles, Elisabeth Houston
The concept of the female sex offender (FSO) is a relatively new phenomenon within the social research literature. Studies of female rape, male rape, pedophilia, and juvenile sex offenders have suggested that different styles of offending are reflected in the different types of behaviors committed by offenders at the crime scene. These studies suggest that there are three distinct themes of behavior: Hostility, Impersonal, and Involvement. Multidimensional analysis is carried out on 35 crime scene behaviors of 73 FSOs from U...
September 9, 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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