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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992273/neural-correlates-of-moral-judgment-in-pedophilia
#1
Claudia Massau, Christian Kärgel, Simone Weiß, Martin Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Tillmann Hc Krueger, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
Pedophilia is a sexual preference that is often associated with child sex offending (CSO). Sexual urges towards prepubescent children and specifically acting upon those urges are universally regarded as immoral. However, up until now, it is completely unknown whether moral processing of sexual offenses is altered in pedophiles. A total of 31 pedophilic men and 19 healthy controls were assessed by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in combination with a moral judgment paradigm consisting of 36 scenarios describing different types of offenses...
September 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822003/pedophilia-themed-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-assessment-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-with-exposure-and-response-prevention
#2
Simone Leavell Bruce, Terence H W Ching, Monnica T Williams
Fears of sexually harming children are fairly common among clients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet these symptoms are largely unrecognized and frequently misdiagnosed by mental health professionals. Specifically, clients with pedophilia-themed OCD (P-OCD) experience excessive worries and distressing intrusive thoughts about being sexually attracted to, and sexually violating, children. Expressing these concerns may provoke misjudgments from uninformed mental health professionals that a client is presenting instead with pedophilic disorder...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799101/determinants-of-punitive-attitudes-toward-people-with-pedophilia-dissecting-effects-of-the-label-and-intentionality-ascriptions
#3
Roland Imhoff, Sara Jahnke
Recent research has established marked punitive attitudes against people sexually interested in children. These negative attitudes are even more pronounced when such sexual interest is labeled as pedophilia, but are attenuated to the extent that such sexual interest is perceived as beyond one's own control (unintentional). We explored these effects in more detail by separately manipulating the label (pedophiles vs. people with sexual interest in prepubescent children) and degree of intentionality (pedophilia or sexual desire as malleable vs...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752249/-treatment-structures-for-men-with-pedosexual-problems
#4
REVIEW
Georg Stolpmann, Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilia is defined as a persistent or dominating sexual preference for prepubescent children characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal and behavior. Less than 50% of all child abusers fulfill the diagnostic criteria and an even smaller part exclusively has a preference for children. Following psychiatric classification systems, pedophilia must be distinguished from child sexual abuse. Outpatient treatment and treatment in forensic psychiatry clinics, sociotherapeutic facilities and in correction facilities are different aspects of prevention...
July 27, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541240/homosexuality-according-to-ancient-greek-physicians
#5
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Homosexuality and pedophilia in ancient Greece greatly concerned many researchers who were mainly interested in highlighting the social aspect of this phenomenon in ancient Greek society. An important source on the subject was the paintings of a man and his lover in attic black and red figured pottery, up to the end of the 5th century BC. Another main source was the information that derived from the texts of ancient Greek literature, especially poetry. Homosexuality was not only referring to relationships between males, but it was also manifested in lesbian love...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511726/executive-functioning-in-pedophilia-and-child-sexual-offending
#6
Claudia Massau, Gilian Tenbergen, Christian Kärgel, Simone Weiß, Hannah Gerwinn, Alexander Pohl, Till Amelung, Sebastian Mohnke, Jonas Kneer, Matthias Wittfoth, Inka Ristow, Kolja Schiltz, Klaus M Beier, Jorge Ponseti, Martin Walter, Tillmann H C Kruger, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
OBJECTIVES: Pedophilia (P) is a psychiatric disease associated with sexual attraction toward children and often accompanied by child sexual offending (CSO). Consequently, it is important to address the understanding of executive dysfunctions that may increase the probability of CSO. Moreover, this research field has been lacking to disentangle executive deficits associated with pedophilia (as a deviant sexual preference) from those associated with CSO (as a deviant sexual behavior). METHODS: The German multi-sided research network NeMUP offers the opportunity to overcome these limitations...
July 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509903/gray-matter-anomalies-in-pedophiles-with-and-without-a-history-of-child-sexual-offending
#7
B Schiffer, T Amelung, A Pohl, C Kaergel, G Tenbergen, H Gerwinn, S Mohnke, C Massau, W Matthias, S Weiß, V Marr, K M Beier, M Walter, J Ponseti, T H C Krüger, K Schiltz, H Walter
Pedophilia is a psychiatric disorder that is inter-related with but distinct from child sexual offending (CSO). Neural alterations reportedly contribute to both pedophilia and CSO, but until now, no study has distinguished the brain structural anomalies associated with pedophilia from those specifically associated with CSO in pedophilic men. Using high-resolution T1-weighted brain images and voxel-based morphometry, we analyzed the gray matter (GM) volume of the following 219 men recruited at four acquisition sites in Germany: 58 pedophiles with a history of CSO, 60 pedophiles without any history of CSO and 101 non-pedophilic, non-offending controls to control for the effects of age, education level, verbal IQ, sexual orientation and the acquisition site...
May 16, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287801/multiple-indicators-of-sexual-interest-in-prepubescent-or-pubescent-children-as-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism
#8
Skye Stephens, James M Cantor, Alasdair M Goodwill, Michael C Seto
OBJECTIVE: Sexual interest in children is a well-known risk factor for sexual reoffending (recidivism). The present study examined the relationship between sexual interest in prepubescent children (pedophilia) or pubescent children (hebephilia) and sexual recidivism. It extended previous work by using multiple indicators of sexual interest, using a more sensitive phallometric procedure that measures change in penile blood volume, and examining both hebephilia alongside pedophilia, as well as noncontact sexual recidivism...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265778/inhibiting-sexual-arousal-to-children-correlates-and-its-influence-on-the-validity-of-penile-plethysmography
#9
Kelly M Babchishin, Susan D Curry, J Paul Fedoroff, John Bradford, Michael C Seto
The current study examined the extent to which 1136 men were able to inhibit their sexual arousal on a phallometric assessment, when instructed to do so. Although the observed changes between the two conditions (i.e., Normal and Suppression) were small to moderate in magnitude, the change was not more than what would be expected by measurement error for most participants (e.g., 83% of pedophilic sex offenders against children did not successfully inhibit their sexual arousal in the Suppression condition). There were very few variables that were associated with the ability to suppress...
April 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941002/reducing-stigma-and-punitive-attitudes-toward-pedophiles-through-narrative-humanization
#10
Craig A Harper, Ross M Bartels, Todd E Hogue
Stigmatization and societal punitiveness about pedophilia have a range of potential consequences, such as the social isolation of people with sexual interest in children, and the formation of policies that are not consistent with empirical research findings. Previous research has shown that people with pedophilic sexual interests use societal thinking to self-stigmatize, which in turn may actually serve to increase their risk of committing a sexual offense. In this study, we compared two attitudinal interventions (first-person narrative vs...
December 1, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900492/evidence-of-construct-validity-in-the-assessment-of-hebephilia
#11
Skye Stephens, Michael C Seto, Alasdair M Goodwill, James M Cantor
Hebephilia refers to a persistent intense sexual interest in pubescent children. Although not as widely studied as pedophilia, studies of hebephilia have indicated convergence in self-report and sexual arousal. The present study expanded on previous work by examining convergent and divergent validity across indicators of hebephilia that included self-report, sexual behavior, and sexual arousal in a sample of 2238 men who had sexually offended. We included men who denied such interest and specifically examined the overlap between hebephilia and pedophilia and examined pedohebephilia (i...
January 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864530/why-information-matters-examining-the-consequences-of-suggesting-that-pedophilia-is-immutable
#12
Safiye Tozdan, Anna Kalt, Arne Dekker, Livia B Keller, Stephanie Thiel, Jürgen L Müller, Peer Briken
In this study, the impact of suggesting that pedophilia is immutable on a man's specific self-efficacy for modifying his sexual interest in children was examined in 94 men with a sexual interest in children. The participants were selected from differing contexts and included non-forensic patients, forensic patients, and participants from the Internet. Randomly distributed to two conditions, the mutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be modifiable, whereas the immutable condition group received the information that experts consider pedophilia to be stable...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767244/evidence-for-superior-neurobiological-and-behavioral-inhibitory-control-abilities-in-non-offending-as-compared-to-offending-pedophiles
#13
Christian Kärgel, Claudia Massau, Simone Weiß, Martin Walter, Viola Borchardt, Tillmann H C Krueger, Gilian Tenbergen, Jonas Kneer, Matthias Wittfoth, Alexander Pohl, Hannah Gerwinn, Jorge Ponseti, Till Amelung, Klaus M Beier, Sebastian Mohnke, Henrik Walter, Boris Schiffer
Neurobehavioral models of pedophilia and child sexual offending suggest a pattern of temporal and in particular prefrontal disturbances leading to inappropriate behavioral control and subsequently an increased propensity to sexually offend against children. However, clear empirical evidence for such mechanisms is still missing. Using a go/nogo paradigm in combination with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we compared behavioral performance and neural response patterns among three groups of men matched for age and IQ: pedophiles with (N = 40) and without (N = 37) a history of hands-on sexual offences against children as well as healthy non-offending controls (N = 40)...
October 21, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665026/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dsm-iv-tr-and-proposed-dsm-5-criteria-for-pedophilia-implications-for-the-icd-11-and-the-next-dsm
#14
Michael C Seto, J Paul Fedoroff, John M Bradford, Natasha Knack, Nicole C Rodrigues, Susan Curry, Brad Booth, Jonathan Gray, Colin Cameron, Dominique Bourget, Sarina Messina, Elizabeth James, Diane Watson, Sanjiv Gulati, Rufino Balmaceda, Adekunle G Ahmed
We tested the inter-rater reliability and criterion-related validity of the DSM-IV-TR pedophilia diagnosis and proposed DSM-5 pedohebephilia diagnosis in a sample of 79 men who had committed child pornography offenses, contact sexual offenses against children, or who were referred because of concerns about whether they had a sexual interest in children. Participants were evaluated by two independent psychiatrists with an interview and questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, sexual history, and self-reported sexual interests; they also completed phallometric and visual reaction time testing...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641922/independent-component-analysis-of-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pedophiles
#15
J M Cantor, S J Lafaille, J Hannah, A Kucyi, D W Soh, T A Girard, D J Mikulis
INTRODUCTION: Neuroimaging and other studies have changed the common view that pedophilia is a result of childhood sexual abuse and instead is a neurologic phenomenon with prenatal origins. Previous research has identified differences in the structural connectivity of the brain in pedophilia. AIM: To identify analogous differences in functional connectivity. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance images were recorded from three groups of participants while they were at rest: pedophilic men with a history of sexual offenses against children (n = 37) and two control groups: non-pedophilic men who committed non-sexual offenses (n = 28) and non-pedophilic men with no criminal history (n = 39)...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566153/age-diversity-among-victims-of-hebephilic-sexual-offenders
#16
Skye Stephens, Michael C Seto, Alasdair M Goodwill, James M Cantor
Hebephilia refers to sexual interest in pubescent children who are beginning to show early signs of sexual development but are sexually immature. The present study examined the relationship between hebephilia and victim age choice in a sample of 2,238 adult male sexual offenders. On average, offenders were 39 years old at the time of their assessments, and approximately half (48%) were referred by probation or parole offices. Assessment data included self-report, sexual arousal measured by volumetric phallometry, and victims' ages...
August 25, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549306/the-puzzle-of-male-chronophilias
#17
Michael C Seto
In this article, I return to the idea that pedophilia, a sexual interest in prepubescent children, can be considered a sexual orientation for age, in conjunction with the much more widely acknowledged and discussed sexual orientation for gender. Here, I broaden the scope to consider other chronophilias, referring to paraphilias for age/maturity categories other than young sexually mature adults. The puzzle of chronophilias includes questions about etiology and course, how chronophilias are related to each other, and what they can tell us about how human (male) sexuality is organized...
January 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394398/neural-basis-of-pedophilia-altered-sexual-preference-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Ahmed M Alnemari, Tarek R Mansour, Mark Buehler, Daniel Gaudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180212/characteristics-of-paraphilics-in-turkey-a-retrospective-study-20years
#19
Şafak Taktak, Ebru Yılmaz, Oguz Karamustafalıoglu, Ayla Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out to research the frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of paraphilic cases in Turkey and forensic aspects of them and to explain forensic psychiatric studies of people show paraphilic actions and assess them from legal aspects. METHOD: This research is done by studying a total of 101,208 cases who were sent to Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute (FMI) by the judicial organs of 4th Specialization Board between 1984 and 2004 to decide whether they show paraphilic actions or not...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114195/genetic-variants-associated-with-male-pedophilic-sexual-interest
#20
Katarina Alanko, Annika Gunst, Andreas Mokros, Pekka Santtila
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of sexual preference disorders (paraphilias) in general and pedophilia in particular remains unknown. There are some indications of biological factors related to pedophilic interest and pedophilic disorder. AIM: To examine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) potentially associated with pedophilic sexual interest. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,672 men 18 to 45 years old from the Genetics of Sex and Aggression sample who had submitted saliva samples...
May 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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