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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782513/high-red-blood-cell-composition-in-clots-is-associated-with-successful-recanalization-during-intra-arterial-thrombectomy
#1
Jong Wook Shin, Hye Seon Jeong, Hyon-Jo Kwon, Kyu Sang Song, Jei Kim
We evaluated the composition of individual clots retrieved during intra-arterial thrombectomy in relation to recanalization success, stroke subtype, and the presence of clot signs on initial brain images. We analyzed clot and interventional data from 145 retrieval trials performed for 37 patients (69.5±14.0 years, 20 men, large artery atherosclerosis, n = 7; cardioembolism, n = 22; undetermined etiology, n = 8) who had undergone intra-arterial thrombectomy. Rates of clot retrieval and successful recanalization (Arterial Occlusive Lesion score of 2-3) for separate retrieval trials were evaluated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781346/distribution-characteristics-of-cells-in-splenomegaly-due-to-hepatitis-b-related-cirrhotic-portal-hypertension-and-their-clinical-importance
#2
Xiaoyu Han, Yunfu Lv, Yejuan Li, Jie Deng, Qingan Qiu, Ning Liu, Shuya Zhao, Caixian Liao
Objectives To investigate peripheral cytopenia in patients with splenomegaly due to hepatitis B-related cirrhotic portal hypertension (HBRCPH) by comparing blood cell counts from enlarged spleens with peripheral blood. Methods This prospective study involved patients undergoing splenectomy at the Nangfang Hospital from June 2013 to December 2015. Blood cell counts from peripheral blood were compared with those from splenic blood taken during splenectomies. Results Clinical data were available from 30 patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780424/reduced-haematopoietic-output-in-automobile-mechanics-and-sprayers-with-chronic-exposure-to-petrochemicals-a-case-control-study-in-cape-coast-ghana
#3
Patrick Adu, Richard Pobee, Aaron Awuah, Paul B Asiamah, Festus Amoani, Sampson Gyabaa
Background: Automobile mechanics and sprayers are at a higher risk of exposure to hazardous chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals which may cause adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to use reticulocyte count as an indirect measure of the haematological output in automobile mechanics and sprayers in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. Method: This cross-sectional study recruited 130 participants: 90 cases (57 automobile mechanics and 33 automobile sprayers) and 40 controls (nonautomobile workers)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774145/evaluation-of-attenuative-effect-of-tert-butylhydroquinone-against-diazinon-induced-oxidative-stress-on-hematological-indices-in-male-wistar-rats
#4
Saman Sargazi, Hamidreza Galavi, Sadegh Zarei
Diazinon is an organophosphate toxicant that has been identified to induce oxidative stress within biological systems through altering biochemical and hematological indices, by generating free radicals while deteriorating the cellular antioxidant defense system. The present study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), a synthetic food additive, in serving as an antioxidant against sub-lethal diazinon-induced oxidative stress in male Wistar rats. Animals were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control (treated with corn oil as a vehicle), diazinon (10 mg/kg/day), TBHQ (0...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753681/quality-of-plasma-samples-and-bd-vacutainer-barricor-tubes-effects-of-centrifugation
#5
Andrea Padoan, Martina Zaninotto, Elisa Piva, Laura Sciacovelli, Ada Aita, Adriano Tasinato, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUNDS: The BD Vacutainer ® Barricor™ Plasma collection tube (BD Barricors) uses an innovative non-gel separation method. This study compared the plasma residual cell count (PRCC) obtained from BD Barricor and from BD PST II plasma tubes. METHODS: Four BD Barricors and one BD PST II were collected from 40 donors. BD PST II was centrifuged at 1300g/10 min, while the BD Barricors were centrifuged at 1800g/10 min, 4000g/3 min, 4000g/7 min and 4000g/15 min...
May 10, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753468/effects-of-phytonutrients-alone-or-in-combination-with-monensin-on-productivity-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#6
J Oh, M Harper, C H Lang, E H Wall, A N Hristov
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of phytonutrients, compared with monensin as a positive control, on productivity, milk fatty acids, fat mobilization, and blood cells in lactating dairy cows. Thirty-six Holstein cows were used in a 9-wk randomized complete block design study. Following a 2-wk covariate period, cows were blocked by days in milk, parity, and milk yield and randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments (12 cows/treatment): 450 mg/cow per day of monensin (MO), 250 mg/cow per day of capsicum plus 450 mg/cow per day of MO (MOCAP), and 1,000 mg/cow per day of a mixture of cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, and capsicum (CEC)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752840/hematological-and-immunological-reference-intervals-for-adult-population-in-the-state-of-amhara-ethiopia
#7
Bamlaku Enawgaw, Wubet Birhan, Molla Abebe, Betelihem Terefe, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Tekalign Deressa, Mulugeta Melku
OBJECTIVE: Reference intervals (RIs) currently being used in Ethiopia are derived from western populations. Thus, this study aimed to establish locally derived hematological and immunological RIs. METHOD: The study was conducted in Amhara State, Ethiopia with a total of 967 (55.2% males) participants. 56.9% of males and 43.1% of females were eligible for hematological and immunological RI determination. A non-parametric test was used for the determination of upper (97...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736233/nos2-deficiency-has-no-influence-on-the-radiosensitivity-of-the-hematopoietic-system
#8
Chengcheng Li, Yi Luo, Lijian Shao, Aimin Meng, Daohong Zhou
Objective: Previous studies have shown that inhibition of inducible NO synthase (NOS2 or iNOS) with an inhibitor can selectively protect several normal tissues against radiation during radiotherapy. However, the role of NOS2 in ionizing radiation (IR)-induced bone marrow (BM) suppression is unknown and thus was investigated in the present study using NOS2- /- and wild-type mice 14 days after they were exposed to a sublethal dose of total body irradiation (TBI). Methods: The effects of different doses of IR (1, 2 and 4 Gy) on the apoptosis and colony-forming ability of bone marrow cells from wild-type (WT) and NOS2- /- mice were investigated in vitro...
2018: Cell & Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716882/vacuolization-in-myeloid-and-erythroid-precursors-in-a-child-with-menkes-disease
#9
Seçil Sayın, Şule Ünal, Mualla Cetin, Fatma Gumruk
A five year-old boy, who was under follow-up with a clinical and biochemical diagnosis of Menkes Disease (MD) since ten months of age, was admitted with diarrhea. On examination he had a characteristic cherubic face hypopigmented, sparse hair, hepatosplenomegaly, hypotonia with brisk deep tendon reflexes. Hemogram revealed: Hb:5.5g/dL, Hct:16.2%, RBC:1.69x1012/L, MCV:95.8fL, MCH:32.3pg, RDW:19.2%, WBC:2.2x109/L and platelet count;157x109/L. Serum vitamin B12 level was 575pg/mL. Serum copper level was 81μg/dL and serum zinc level was 152μg/dL...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704554/growth-physiological-antioxidants-and-immune-response-of-african-catfish-clarias-gariepinus-b-to-dietary-clove-basil-ocimum-gratissimum-leaf-extract-and-its-susceptibility-to-listeria-monocytogenes-infection
#10
Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Ibrahim Adeshina, Adetola Jenyo-Oni, Emmanual K Ajani, Benjami O Emikpe
Clove basil, Ocimum gratissimum, is a native plant to Africa and grows virtually in tropical and subtropical regions. It has good aroma and its leaves have become used as a spicy and in traditional medicine. The use of plant leaves in fish diets may deteriorate their growth because it may content anti-nutritional factors0 Thus, it is better to use plants leaves extract. In the current study, clove basil leaves extract (CBLE) was administrated to African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.) for 12 weeks to evaluate its effect on growth performance, physiological, antioxidants, and innate immunity variables...
April 25, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696069/could-homeopathy-become-an-alternative-therapy-in-dengue-fever-an-example-of-10-case-studies
#11
Seema Mahesh, Mallappa Mahesh, George Vithoulkas
Background: Dengue fever is one of the most rampant epidemics in India of late and any therapy that may help limit the sickness and hospital admissions is worth considering. In India complementary and alternative medicine physicians are medically trained and hence have a role to play in delivery of public health. Case Series: We present a retrospective case series of 10 Indian patients who were diagnosed with dengue fever and treated exclusively with homeopathic remedies at Bangalore, India. This case series demonstrates with evidence of laboratory reports that even when the platelets dropped considerably there was good result without resorting to any other means...
January 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678633/preanalytical-phase-effects-of-water-ingestion-during-fasting-on-routine-hematological-parameters-in-a-small-cohort-of-young-women
#12
G Unger, S F Benozzi, A Campion, G L Pennacchiotti
BACKGROUND: We analyze the effects of water ingestion before blood extraction on routine hematological parameters. METHODS: Twenty female volunteers -mean 24 y- were included. Blood was collected after a 12 h fast period (T0 ) and 1 h after the ingestion of 300 ml water (T1 ). These parameters were analyzed: white blood cell (WBC) count; WBC differential count including lymphocytes (lym), monocytes (mono), neutrophils, eosinophils (eos), and basophils; red blood cell (RBC) count; hematocrit (hct); hemoglobin (hgb); mean cell volume; mean cell hemoglobin; RBC distribution width; and platelet count (plt)...
April 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677459/hepatoprotective-and-antioxidant-properties-of-the-aqueous-extract-of-olea-europaea-leaves-against-diclofenac-induced-liver-damages-in-mice
#13
Rawya Soussi, Najla Hfaiedh, Fatma Guesmi, Mohsen Sakly, Khémais Ben Rhouma
Historically, olive tree "Olea europaea" is one of the most important fruit trees in Mediterranean countries. Several studies suggest that olive leaf is a significant source of bioactive phenolic compounds compared to olive oil and fruits. This study was undertaken to investigate, the protective effect of the aqueous extract of « Chemlali » olive leaves against diclofenac-induced damages in liver and haematological alterations in swiss albinos mice. For this, twenty-eight mice were divided into four groups: a control group, a diclofenac-treated group (2...
April 20, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673334/full-blood-count-values-as-a-predictor-of-poor-outcome-of-pneumonia-among-hiv-infected-patients
#14
S Camon, C Quiros, N Saubi, A Moreno, M A Marcos, Y Eto, S Rofael, E Monclus, J Brown, T D McHugh, J Mallolas, R Perello
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the predictive value of analytical markers of full blood count that can be assessed in the emergency department for HIV infected patients, with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: Prospective 3-year study including all HIV-infected patients that went to our emergency department with respiratory clinical infection, more than 24-h earlier they were diagnosed with CAP and required admission. We assessed the different values of the first blood count performed on the patient as follows; total white blood cells (WBC), neutrophils, lymphocytes (LYM), basophils, eosinophils (EOS), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelets (PLT), mean platelet volume, and platelet distribution width (PDW)...
April 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666560/storage-stability-of-commonly-used-haematological-parameters-at-33-%C3%A2-c-electronic-supplementary-material-available-online-for-this-article
#15
Ashish Jain, Sanchit Jain, Neha Singh, Priyanka Aswal, Shweta Pal, Sushant Kumar Meinia, Nilotpal Chowdhury
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the analytical bias in haematological parameters induced by storage at 33 ºC. Materials and methods: Blood from the diversion pouch of 20 blood donors were collected in K 2 EDTA vials and stored at 33 ºC. Readings from each vial were taken at 0, 4, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after collection on the Sysmex XP-100 analyser (Sysmex Corporation, Kobe, Japan). The percent difference from the baseline readings were calculated and subjected to a Wilcoxon signed rank test at a Holm corrected significance level of 0...
June 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661200/application-of-the-automated-haematology-analyzer-xn-30-in-an-experimental-rodent-model-of-malaria
#16
Takahiro Tougan, Yuhgi Suzuki, Munehisa Izuka, Kei Aono, Tomonori Okazaki, Yuji Toya, Kinya Uchihashi, Toshihiro Horii
BACKGROUND: The erythrocytic stage, where malaria parasites proliferate in human blood, is clinically significant as this causes the symptoms and illness of malaria. Experimental rodent models of malaria at the erythrocytic stage are used for the development of anti-malarial drugs and for biological analysis. An automated haematology analyzer XN-30 was developed for detection of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) in human blood samples and measurement of their parasitaemia in approximately 1 min through flow cytometry analysis...
April 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656728/relationship-between-mean-platelet-volume-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-coronary-artery-abnormalities-in-kawasaki-disease
#17
Gulcin Bozlu, Derya Karpuz, Olgu Hallioglu, Selma Unal, Necdet Kuyucu
OBJECTIVES: Recently, mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio has emerged as a novel parameter of inflammation. No study has investigated the role of mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio in children with Kawasaki disease. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio and coronary artery abnormalities in Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2017, a total of 58 children with Kawasaki disease and 42 healthy subjects matched for sex and age were enrolled...
April 16, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621271/comprehensive-haematological-indices-reference-intervals-for-a-healthy-omani-population-first-comprehensive-study-in-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-and-middle-eastern-countries-based-on-age-gender-and-abo-blood-group-comparison
#18
Adhra Al-Mawali, Avinash Daniel Pinto, Raiya Al-Busaidi, Rabab H Al-Lawati, Magdi Morsi
BACKGROUND: Reference intervals for venous blood parameters differs with age, gender, geographic region, and ethnic groups. Hence local laboratory reference intervals are important to improve the diagnostic accuracy of health assessments and diseases. However, there have been no comprehensive published reference intervals established in Oman, the Gulf Cooperation Council or Middle Eastern countries. Hence, the aim of this study was to establish reference intervals for full blood count in healthy Omani adults...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605037/age-and-gender-related-hemorheological-alterations-in-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-in-the-rat
#19
Anita Mester, Zsuzsanna Magyar, Akos Molnar, Viktoria Somogyi, Bence Tanczos, Katalin Peto, Norbert Nemeth
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a life-threatening clinical disorder. During I/R, the microrheological parameters of blood (red blood cell deformability and aggregation) worsen, which may contribute to microcirculatory deterioration. Age and gender also have a great influence on hemorheological parameters. We aimed to investigate the gender and age-related microrheological alterations during intestinal I/R. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the cannulation of the left femoral artery, median laparotomy was performed in Crl:WI rats under general anesthesia...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597023/impact-of-nitinol-stent-surface-processing-on-in-vivo-nickel-release-and-biological-response
#20
Srinidhi Nagaraja, Stacey J L Sullivan, Phillip R Stafford, Anne D Lucas, Elon Malkin
Although nitinol is used widely in percutaneous cardiovascular interventions, a causal relationship between nickel released from implanted cardiovascular devices and adverse systemic or local biological responses has not been established. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between nitinol surface processing, in-vivo nickel release, and biocompatibility. Nitinol stents manufactured using select surface treatments were implanted into the iliac arteries of minipigs for 6 months. Clinical chemistry profile, complete blood count, serum and urine nickel analyses were performed periodically during the implantation period...
March 26, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
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