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Dental implant surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471048/new-innovative-method-relating-guided-surgery-to-dental-implant-placement
#1
Marie-Alix Fauroux, Marie De Boutray, Eve Malthiéry, Jacques-Henri Torres
INTRODUCTION: Companies selling dental implant guided systems mostly offer similar surgical guides. The purpose of this paper is to present an innovative guided surgery system which originality lies in its guidance device, and to report the author's experience in using this system for dental implant surgery. TECHNICAL PROTOCOL: Two parallel tubes on either side of the drilling axis guide the successive drills and the implant placement. As a result of the lateral guidance, there is no friction of the drills on the surgical guide which would damage it or contaminate the drilling hole with particles torn out from the guide...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470184/impact-of-3d-virtual-planning-on-reconstruction-of-mandibular-and-maxillary-surgical-defects-in-head-and-neck-oncology
#2
Max J H Witjes, Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Methods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning...
February 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465283/augmented-reality-in-dentistry-a-current-perspective
#3
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460459/prevalence-of-neuropathic-pain-and-sensory-alterations-after-dental-implant-placement-in-a-university-based-oral-surgery-department-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Eduardo Vázquez-Delgado, Marta Viaplana-Gutiérrez, Rui Figueiredo, Tara Renton, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the clinical features of patients with neuropathic pain and sensory alterations after dental implant placement. BACKGROUND: Literature is very scarce concerning the prevalence of neuropathic pain after dental implant placement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was made in patients submitted to dental implant placement in the Dental Hospital of the University of Barcelona. A descriptive analysis of the data was made, and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated for the prevalences...
February 19, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446204/an-up-to-17-year-follow-up-retrospective-analysis-of-a-minimally-invasive-flapless-approach-18-945-implants-in-7783-patients
#5
Philip Jesch, Wolfgang Jesch, Emanuel Bruckmoser, Mischa Krebs, Tibor Kladek, Rudolf Seemann
BACKGROUND: This study investigates gender, age, jaw, implant position, loading protocol (immediate vs delayed), smoking, and type of surgery (punch vs flap) as influential factors of implant survival in a large patient collective. PURPOSE: To evaluate the survival rates of implants in patients using a mucoperiosteal punch for flapless implantation in the majority of cases in order to evaluate its medical efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1994 and 2015 all patients with complete data treated at the Wienerberg Dental Clinic, Vienna, Austria, were included and statistically analyzed in Cox proportional hazard (PH) models...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442092/various-bio-mechanical-factors-affecting-heat-generation-during-osteotomy-preparation-a-systematic-review
#6
Chirag J Chauhan, Darshana N Shah, Foram B Sutaria
Background: As implant site preparation and bone are critical precursors to primary healing, thermal and mechanical damage to the bone must be minimized during the preparation of the implant site. Moreover, excessively traumatic surgery can adversely affect the maturation of bone tissue at the bone/implant interface and consequently diminish the predictability of osseointegration. So, this study was carried out to evaluate the various biological and mechanical factors responsible for heat generation during osteotomy site preparation to reduce the same for successful osseointegration of dental implants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431348/new-technique-for-large-mandibular-and-surrounding-soft-tissue-reconstruction-that-uses-an-intraoral-three-dimensional-distractor-for-one-step-transport-disc-distraction-osteogenesis
#7
Antonio Cortese, Mario Caggiano, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Massimo Amato, Pier P Claudio
BACKGROUND: Mandibular reconstruction after ablative surgery is challenging not only for the amount of bone tissue needed following bone loss after benign or malignant tumor surgical removal, but mainly to reconstruct bone shape and structure necessary for subsequent implant insertion to preserve the function (speech, swallowing and chewing) and aesthetic of the lower face. Several different techniques for maxillary bone defects reconstruction have been described. The aim of our work is to describe a new technique for mandibular reconstruction that uses an intramural distractor, which is placed in one surgical step and without the need for a skin incision...
February 9, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425755/streptococcus-anginosus-dental-implant-related-osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws-an-insidious-and-calamitous-entity
#8
Sybille Chatelain, Tommaso Lombardi, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: We analyzed the data from a series of patients with dental implant-related suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws (DIOMJ) due to Streptococcus anginosus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients seen for osteomyelitis of the jaws from 2011 to 2016 were reviewed. The primary outcome variable was Streptococcus anginosus DIOMJ. Other variables included age, gender, smoking habits, associated comorbidities, dental implant localization, type of osteomyelitis, delay between dental implant placement and DIOMJ, microbiologic examination and antibiogram, antibiotherapy, type of surgery, and final outcome...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420385/orthognathic-surgery-and-implant-supported-bridge-in-a-class-iii-patient-injured-in-a-motor-vehicle-accident
#9
Koji Honda, Makoto Hirota, Toshinori Iwai, Koichi Fujita, Susumu Omura, Takashi Ono, Iwai Tohnai
Occlusal and esthetic rehabilitation of jaw deformities in patients with partially edentulous maxilla are challenging procedures. This article describes a patient involving a skeletal Class III, 36-year-old male patient with a single bilateral anterior partially edentulous maxilla resulting from injuries sustained in a motor vehicle accident; his anterior teeth had been lost for more than 10 years. His lip protruded from the lateral view due to the proclined upper incisors and mandibular protrusion.Because of the facial deformity and inadequate prosthesis of the maxilla, the prosthesis had dropped out repeatedly...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410752/immediate-prosthesis-over-implants-retained-using-abutments-with-flexible-screws-a-preliminary-study
#10
David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Blanca Serra-Pastor, José-Carlos Balaguer-Martí, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Background: Immediate loading protocols for the rehabilitation of edentulous or partially edentulous patients have become very popular, due to the conveniences they afford in comparison with conventional loading techniques. Material and Methods: A preliminary study was carried out with 8 patients subjected to dental implant treatment with an immediate loading protocol involving a novel system of abutments with flexible screws. Implant survival was analyzed, together with marginal bone loss and patient and dentist satisfaction...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398863/comprehensive-rehabilitation-using-dental-implants-in-generalized-aggressive-periodontitis
#11
Asha Ramesh, Sheethalan Ravi, Gurumoorthy Kaarthikeyan
Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) is a debilitating form of the disease and it results in deteriorating effects on the esthetic and functional aspects of the oral cavity. This case report describes the comprehensive rehabilitation of GAP patient using dental implants. The treatment planning involved thorough scaling and root planning (SRP) with oral hygiene instructions. The patient was motivated to adhere to a strict oral hygiene regimen following which periodontal flap surgery employing guided tissue regeneration and bone grafts was performed...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381612/treatment-of-mandibular-ameloblastoma-involving-the-mandibular-condyle-resection-and-concomitant-reconstruction-with-a-custom-hybrid-total-joint-prosthesis-and-iliac-bone-graft
#12
Mathilde Sarlabous, David J Psutka
AIM: To describe the treatment of ameloblastoma involving the mandibular body and condyle in 3 patients. METHODS: This report describes 3 patients with large ameloblastomas (2 were second recurrences) treated by partial mandibular resection. Involvement of the mandibular condyle in these 3 patients made the reconstruction more challenging. Reconstruction included immediate temporomandibular joint replacement by a custom-made alloplastic total joint and mandibular body (Zimmer-Biomet, Jacksonville, FL)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373335/anterior-mandibular-lingual-defect-as-a-possible-cause-of-near-fatal-bleeding-during-routine-dental-implant-surgery-a-retrospective-computed-tomography-study
#13
Corlene Schnetler, Vladimir S Todorovic, Andre W van Zyl
INTRODUCTION: The anterior mandible is generally regarded as a safe anatomical region for implant placement. However, anatomical variations may lead to severe intraoperative complications with potential fatal outcome. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anterior mandibular lingual defect (AMLD) in patients undergoing implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CT data of 338 consecutive dental implant patients were reformatted with appropriate software...
January 24, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356603/effects-of-the-preoperative-administration-of-dexketoprofen-trometamol-on-pain-and-swelling-after-implant-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#14
Arturo Sanchez-Perez, Jesús Muñoz-Peñalver, María José Moya-Villaescusa, Carmen Sanchez-Matas
The fear of postoperative pain is often mentioned by patients as one of the factors that is most frequently associated with dental implants. In an attempt to reduce this factor, a single oral dose of 25 mg dexketoprofen trometamol (DKT) or PLACEBO was administered 15 minutes before implant surgery. One hundred patients who required single-implant treatments were randomly assigned to one of two blinded groups. The patients in the test group were given 25 mg of DKT (DKT group), and those in the control group were given 500 mg of vitamin C as a placebo (PLACEBO group)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#15
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334403/soft-tissue-volume-gain-around-dental-implants-using-autogenous-subepithelial-connective-tissue-grafts-harvested-from-the-lateral-palate-or-tuberosity-area-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#16
Ernest Rojo, Giorgio Stroppa, Ignacio Sanz-Martin, Oscar Gonzalez-Martín, Antonio Santos Alemany, José Nart
AIM: To compare the soft tissue volume gain (VG) around single tooth implants with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) from either the lateral palate (LP) or from the tuberosity area (TA). METHODS: 32 patients with 36 implants with buccal volume deficiencies were randomly assigned to receive SCTG from LP (control group/CG) or TA (test group/TG). Clinical parameters were recorded and volume gain was evaluated by STL image superimposition of 2 intraoral scans (baseline/BL and 3 months after surgery/FU-3)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329120/re-osseointegration-of-dental-implants-after-periimplantitis-treatments-a-systematic-review
#17
Marwa Madi, Moe Htet, Osama Zakaria, Adel Alagl, Shohei Kasugai
PURPOSE: This review considers possible surgical treatment modalities for induced periimplantitis to regain re-osseointegration as reported in the recent literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic searches in MEDLINE/PubMed and Google Scholar databases were performed on experimental studies considering induced periimplantitis and attempts to achieve re-osseointegration from 2003 up to December 2016. Conflicts about articles were solved by authors' discussion...
February 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318405/the-efficacy-of-a-porcine-collagen-matrix-in-keratinized-tissue-augmentation-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#18
C Maiorana, L Pivetti, F Signorino, G B Grossi, A S Herford, M Beretta
BACKGROUND: When keratinized tissue width around dental implants is poorly represented, the clinician could resort to autogenous soft tissue grafting. Autogenous soft tissue grafting procedures are usually associated with a certain degree of morbidity. Collagen matrices could be used as an alternative to reduce morbidity and intra-operatory times. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a xenogeneic collagen matrix as a substitute for soft tissue grafting around dental implants...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316962/hopon-hyperbaric-oxygen-for-the-prevention-of-osteoradionecrosis-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-to-prevent-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-irradiated-mandible-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Richard Shaw, Christopher Butterworth, Binyam Tesfaye, Matthew Bickerstaff, Susanna Dodd, Gary Smerdon, Seema Chauhan, Peter Brennan, Keith Webster, James McCaul, Peter Nixon, Anastasios Kanatas, Paul Silcocks
BACKGROUND: Osteoradionecrosis of the mandible is the most common serious complication of radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy. For decades, hyperbaric oxygen has been employed in efforts to prevent those cases of osteoradionecrosis that are precipitated by dental extractions or implant placement. The evidence for using hyperbaric oxygen remains poor and current clinical practice varies greatly. We describe a protocol for a clinical trial to assess the benefit of hyperbaric oxygen in the prevention of osteoradionecrosis during surgery on the irradiated mandible...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316380/implant-insertion-into-an-augmented-bone-region-using-the-canine-mandible-augmented-by-the-casing-method
#20
Wataru Ono, Kiichi Maruyama, Makoto Ogiso, Seiji Mineno, Yuichi Izumi
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of bone augmentation using the "Casing Method", which enables large-scale osteogenesis, and the feasibility of using the augmented bone in dental implants. Three Beagle dogs were used. After tooth extraction, a polyethylene terephthalate case (20 mm × 5 mm × 10 mm) was placed on the buccal surface of the mandible. A mixture of hydroxyapatite and beta-tricalcium phosphate (volume ratio=1:1) was infiltrated into a suspension of autologous superfine bone powder and plasma, and the resulting mixture was packed into the case...
January 6, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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