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Dental implant surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918747/segmental-sandwich-osteotomy-of-the-posterior-mandible-in-pre-implant-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
G Kamperos, I Zografos, F Tzermpos, I Iatrou
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior mandible with dental implants often requires bone augmentation procedures. The aim of the present study is the systematic review of the literature concerning the success rate of Segmental Sandwich Osteotomy (SSO) of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of all clinical cases and clinical studies of SSO of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery with a minimum follow-up of 6 months after implant loading was performed, based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918733/how-could-multimedia-information-about-dental-implant-surgery-effects-patients-anxiety-level
#2
H-O Kazancioglu, A-S Dahhan, A-H Acar
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of different patient education techniques on patients' anxiety levels before and after dental implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into three groups; each contained 20 patients; [group 1, basic information given verbally, with details of operation and recovery; group 2 (study group), basic information given verbally with details of operative procedures and recovery, and by watching a movie on single implant surgery]; and a control group [basic information given verbally "but it was devoid of the details of the operative procedures and recovery"]...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895348/a-6-year-evaluation-of-223-tapered-dental-implants-and-associated-prosthesis-in-92-patients-at-a-university-hospital
#3
Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Rabia Ali
The aim of the retrospective study was to assess the clinical and radiographic outcome of the dental implant surgery and prosthetics. It was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised of medical charts and radiographic records of patients visiting between 2010 and 2015. Variables such as implant dimensions, final prosthesis, method of retention, loading protocol and patient factors were analysed. A total of 223 implants (143(64.1%) in maxilla and 80(35.9%) in mandible) were placed in 92 subjects (50(54...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893553/healing-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#4
Farshid Bastami, Peyman Vares, Arash Khojasteh
Regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) has been a major challenging issue in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Inferior alveolar nerve and lingual nerve injuries are the major difficulties and complications of oral surgeries following dental implant placement, etc. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the regeneration of PNIs. Medline NCBI databases were searched for related articles up to and including May 2016. Being published in English papers, use of PRP in peripheral nerve regeneration, in vivo studies, and having histological evaluations was the inclusion criteria...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882311/retrospective-clinical-study-of-an-implant-with-a-sandblasted-large-grit-acid-etched-surface-and-internal-connection-analysis-of-short-term-success-rate-and-marginal-bone-loss
#5
Jae-Wang Lee, Jun Hyeong An, Sang-Hoon Park, Jong-Hyon Chong, Gwang-Seok Kim, JeongJoon Han, Seunggon Jung, Min-Suk Kook, Hee-Kyun Oh, Sun-Youl Ryu, Hong-Ju Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical utility of an implant with a sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface and internal connection. METHODS: Six patients who received dental implants in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital, were analyzed by factors influencing the success rate and marginal bone loss. Factors included patient's age, sex, implant installation site, whether bone graft was done, type of bone graft materials, approaching method if sinus lift was done, and the size of the fixture...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881639/enhancement-of-osseointegration-by-direct-coating-of-rhbmp-2-on-target-ion-induced-plasma-sputtering-treated-sla-surface-for-dental-application
#6
Sungwon Kim, Cheonil Park, Byeong-Seok Moon, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Tae-Sik Jang
Owing to the excellent bioactive properties of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs), dentistry considers them as a fascinating adjuvant alternative for enhancing bone regeneration and bone-to-implant junction in the early implantation stages. However, stable loading and delivery efficiency of rhBMPs on the implant surfaces involve major concerns because of the harsh wearing condition under load during implantation. In this study, to achieve successful rhBMP-2 delivery, a nanoporous surface structure is introduced on the sandblasting with large grit and acid-etching (SLA)-treated titanium (Ti) surface via the tantalum (Ta) target-ion induced plasma sputtering (TIPS) technique...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875054/the-role-of-dietary-supplements-in-postsurgical-bleeding-an-update-for-the-practitioner
#7
Alessandro Grisa, Salvatore Florio, Elisabetta Bellia, Sang-Choon Cho, Stuart J Froum
In the United States, dietary supplement use in adults aged 20 and older has increased significantly in the last 2 decades. Intraoperative and postoperative bleeding has been among the complications linked with usage, which is particularly problematic if patients do not disclose use to the dental practitioner. The aim of this article is to present a case report of a patient who had been taking dietary supplements for only 1 month and developed severe bleeding after receiving second-stage implant abutment insertion surgery...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871294/newly-designed-retentive-posts-of-mandibular-reconstruction-plate-in-oral-cancer-patients-based-on-preliminary-fem-study
#8
Ik Jae Kwon, Mi Young Eo, Sung Jae Park, Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of a large mandibular defect poses a challenging issue in oral cancer ablation surgery. One popular option for mandibular continuity reconstruction after tumor resection involves the use of a reconstruction plate (R-plate), which maintains space and contour without bone harvesting. An R-plate, however, cannot provide final functional loading rehabilitation with implants or dentures. METHODS: We suggest a new method of functional mandibular reconstruction using retentive posts and an upper prosthesis...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866697/development-and-capture-of-soft-tissue-contours-at-time-of-implant-placement
#9
Lambert J Stumpel, Chandur Wadhwani
A technique is described which will generate a customized healing abutment for a dental implant to allow the development of ideal soft tissue contours. With implant position and soft tissue contours defined at surgery, customized impression techniques can be used to capture those details and help generate the definitive implant-supported restoration. This workflow reduces the number of patient visits.
November 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861649/biomechanical-biologic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-undersized-implant-surgical-preparation-a-systematic-review
#10
Michele Stocchero, Marco Toia, Denis Cecchinato, Jonas P Becktor, Paulo G Coelho, Ryo Jimbo
PURPOSE: To compile the current evidence on biomechanical, biologic, and clinical outcomes of undersized surgical preparation protocols in dental implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search using three different databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library) and a manual hand search were performed including in vitro, animal, and clinical studies published prior to October 2015. Studies in which an undersized drilling protocol was compared with a nonundersized drilling protocol were included...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861137/computer-assisted-system-on-mandibular-canal-detection
#11
Da-Chuan Cheng, Li-Wei Chen, Yen-Wen Shen, Lih-Jyh Fuh
BACKGROUND: A dentist always checks a patient by using panoramic radiography (PR) initially. The measurement of the minimal distance (MD) between the alveolar crest and the mandibular canal (MC) superior border is critically important before the dental implant surgery, extraction of 3rd molar teeth or any surgery in the posterior area of minimal distance (MD). However, the image of MC is not always clear to identify. OBJECTIVE: A software is needed for training dentists as well as a tool of demonstration to patients in clinics precisely and quickly...
November 18, 2016: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843270/assessment-of-the-survival-of-dental-implants-in-irradiated-jaws-following-treatment-of-oral-cancer-a-retrospective-study
#12
Meenakshi Chauhan Rana, Swati Solanki, Sudarshan C Pujari, Eisha Shaw, Swati Sharma, Abhishek Anand, Harkanwal Preet Singh
BACKGROUND: In patients undergoing head and neck surgery for various pathologic conditions, implants are one of the best restorative options and are increasing widely used. Therefore, we evaluated the success of dental implants in the irradiated jaws of patients following treatment of oral cancer oral cancer treated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of oral cancer treated patients was collected retrospectively from 2002 to 2008. We took 46 oral cancer treated patients in which implants were placed in irradiated jaws for rehabilitation...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842482/antibiotic-release-from-calcium-phosphate-materials-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects
#13
Angel Manchon, Juan Carlos Prados-Frutos, Carmen Rueda Rodriguez, Carmen Salinas Goodier, Mohammad Hadman Alkhraisat, Rosa Rojo, Arantza Rodriguez Gonzalez, Ana Berlanga, Enrique Lopez Cabarcos
Calcium phosphate materials (CPM) are widely used in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. The presence of microbial biofilms and external infections are responsible for the failure of many procedures of dental implants and bone grafts. In an attempt to reduce the percentage of these infectious processes antibiotics have been associated with CPM improving certain conditions. For instance antibiotics administered orally or intravenously have less effect and the blood flow in relation to this is poor near implants and grafts...
November 14, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836143/facially-generated-and-cephalometric-guided-3d-digital-design-for-complete-mouth-implant-rehabilitation-a-clinical-report
#14
Christian Coachman, Marcelo Alexandre Calamita, Francis Gray Coachman, Robert Gray Coachman, Newton Sesma
Harmony among the teeth, lips, and facial components is the goal of prosthodontic treatment, whether performed by conventional or digital workflow methods. This clinical report describes a facial approach to planning computer-guided surgery and immediate computer-aided designed and computer-aided manufactured (CAD-CAM) interim complete-arch fixed dental prostheses on immediately placed dental implants with a digital workflow. A single clinical appointment for data collection included dentofacial documentation with photographs and videos...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834420/clinical-accuracy-of-a-novel-open-lattice-frame-implant-positioning-system-a-case-series
#15
Jacob Horwitz, Eli E Machtei, Hadar Zigdon-Giladi
The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical accuracy of a novel open-lattice-frame implant positioning system by evaluating the deviation between planned and actual implant positions on pre- and postoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of patients treated with dental implants. Secondary aims were to record surgical time from first incision to end of implant surgery and start of suturing, and to record patient and surgeon satisfaction from the implant surgical procedure. Pre- and postoperative CBCT of 10 patients receiving 18 dental implants were used to generate implant angular deviations and implant shoulder and apex deviations...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829741/antibiotics-in-dental-implants-a-review-of-literature
#16
REVIEW
Hemchand Surapaneni, Pallavi Samatha Yalamanchili, Md Hafeez Basha, Sushma Potluri, Nirupa Elisetti, M V Kiran Kumar
The routine use of antibiotics in oral implant treatment seems to be widespread. The pre- or post-operative use of antibiotics in conjunction with implant surgery and its correlation with failure and success rates are poorly documented in the literature. The debate regarding overprescription of antibiotics raises the need for a critical evaluation of proper antibiotic coverage in association with implant treatment. The benefits of prophylactic antibiotics are well-recognized in dentistry. However, their routine use in the placement of endosseous dental implants remains controversial...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824719/radiographic-fractal-and-clinical-resonance-frequency-analyses-of-posterior-mandibular-dental-implants-their-possible-association-with-mandibular-cortical-index-with-12-month-follow-up
#17
Tolga F Tözüm, Erhan Dursun, Serdar Uysal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the mandibular cortical index (MCI) has a relationship with fractal dimension of bone and/or implant stability, and to justify the possible association between MCI, fractal dimension, and stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two subjects who received dental implants to replace missing mandibular premolar/molar sites were selected. Three months after surgical placement, implants were restored with fixed ceramic fused metal crowns...
December 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810548/immediate-transoral-allogeneic-bone-grafting-for-large-mandibular-defects-less-morbidity-more-bone-a-paradigm-in-benign-tumor-mandibular-reconstruction
#18
James C Melville, Nader N Nassari, Issa A Hanna, Jonathan W Shum, Mark E Wong, Simon Young
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of hard tissue continuity defects caused by ablative tumor surgery has been traditionally reconstructed with autogenous bone grafts or microvascular free flaps. Although results have been predictable from these 2 methods of reconstruction, the morbidity associated with bone harvest is quite serious for the patient. Predictable results have been obtained with using a combination of 100% cadaver bone, bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC), and recombinant human bone morphogenic protein in immediate reconstruction for benign tumor extirpations through the extraoral approach...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807782/a-prospective-study-of-the-relationship-between-patient-character-and-blood-pressure-in-dental-implant-surgery
#19
Masahiro Wada, Syunta Miwa, Tomoaki Mameno, Tohru Suganami, Kazunori Ikebe, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: Patients often suffer from physical and mental stress in dental implant surgery. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the relationship between patient character and blood pressure in dental implant surgery. METHODS: Fifteen patients were recruited for the present study. All patients had never received implant treatment in the past. To evaluate the patients' personality trait, NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used. All patients answered 50 questions at the first visit and divided in five dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806763/-use-of-alveolar-bone-mucosa-periosteal-bone-flap-in-dental-implantation
#20
P Xu, X N Li, Xhy Xu, Y N Cheng, D Yu, L Y Lu
To introduce a method of increasing the width of alveolar bone. The patient, who needed dental implantation and had narrow alveolar bone, was selected. The preparation of mucosa-periosteal bone flap included two surgeries. The first surgery was corticotomy, which made a square cortex cut on narrow alveolar bone region. The second surgery was performed four weeks after the first one, which split the alveolar bone and inserted implants. Artificial bone and/or autologous bone was filled between inner and outer bone plate, and collagen membrane and platelet-rich fibrin membrane were used to cover the wound...
November 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
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