keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disgust sensitivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896135/dynamic-displays-enhance-the-ability-to-discriminate-genuine-and-posed-facial-expressions-of-emotion
#1
Shushi Namba, Russell S Kabir, Makoto Miyatani, Takashi Nakao
Accurately gauging the emotional experience of another person is important for navigating interpersonal interactions. This study investigated whether perceivers are capable of distinguishing between unintentionally expressed (genuine) and intentionally manipulated (posed) facial expressions attributed to four major emotions: amusement, disgust, sadness, and surprise. Sensitivity to this discrimination was explored by comparing unstaged dynamic and static facial stimuli and analyzing the results with signal detection theory...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883684/validation-of-the-revised-food-neophobia-scale-fns-r-in-the-italian-context
#2
Margherita Guidetti, Luciana Carraro, Nicoletta Cavazza, Michele Roccato
Measuring individuals' level of food neophobia, i.e., the reluctance to eat novel food, is a critical task since it negatively affects diet variety and quality. Using structural equations models, the revised Food Neophobia Scale (FNS-R) was validated with a sample of 711 Italian adults. After deleting 4 items characterized by both low face validity and a suboptimal association with the other items, and after correcting statistically for the acquiescent response-set, the resulting 6-item, fully balanced FNS-R showed a good construct validity...
June 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870558/negative-body-image-relationships-with-heightened-disgust-propensity-disgust-sensitivity-and-self-directed-disgust
#3
Paula von Spreckelsen, Klaske A Glashouwer, Elise C Bennik, Ineke Wessel, Peter J de Jong
Consistent with the view that disgust might be involved in persistent body dissatisfaction, there is preliminary evidence showing a positive correlation between measures of negative body image and indices of both trait disgust and self-directed disgust. In two correlational studies among undergraduates (N = 577 and N = 346, respectively) we aimed at replicating and extending these findings by testing a series of critical relationships, which follow from our hypotheses that 1) trait disgust propensity would increase the risk of developing a negative body image by increasing the likelihood of feeling self-disgust, and 2) trait disgust sensitivity would heighten the impact of self-disgust on the development of persistent negative body appraisals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866917/why-do-people-vary-in-disgust
#4
REVIEW
Joshua M Tybur, Çağla Çınar, Annika K Karinen, Paola Perone
People vary in the degree to which they experience disgust toward-and, consequently, avoid-cues to pathogens. Prodigious work has measured this variation and observed that it relates to, among other things, personality, psychopathological tendencies, and moral and political sentiments. Less work has sought to generate hypotheses aimed at explaining why this variation exists in the first place, and even less work has evaluated how well data support these hypotheses. In this paper, we present and review the evidence supporting three such proposals...
July 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852339/the-effect-of-hunger-and-satiety-in-the-judgment-of-ethical-violations
#5
Carmelo M Vicario, Karolina A Kuran, Robert Rogers, Robert D Rafal
Human history is studded with instances where instinctive motivations take precedence over ethical choices. Nevertheless, the evidence of any linking between motivational states and morality has never been systematically explored. Here we addressed this topic by testing a possible linking between appetite and moral judgment. We compared moral disapproval ratings (MDR) for stories of ethical violations in participants under fasting and after having eaten a snack. Our results show that subjective hunger, measured via self-reported rating, reduces MDR for ethical violations...
May 28, 2018: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704965/changes-in-problematic-anger-shame-and-disgust-in-anxious-and-depressed-adults-undergoing-treatment-for-emotion-dysregulation
#6
Andrada D Neacsiu, Joscelyn Rompogren, Jeremy W Eberle, Kibby McMahon
Emotion dysregulation, the pervasive difficulty managing negative emotions, is a core problem across mood and anxiety disorders. Anger, shame, and disgust are particularly problematic emotions, impacting both disorder severity and treatment outcome. We previously found that a 16-week dialectical behavior therapy skills training group (DBT-ST) was superior to an activities-based support group (ASG) in decreasing emotion dysregulation in 44 adults with high emotion dysregulation who met diagnostic criteria for an anxiety or depressive disorder...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681806/temporal-processing-of-joyful-and-disgusting-food-pictures-by-women-with-an-eating-disorder
#7
Caroline Gagnon, Catherine Bégin, Vincent Laflamme, Simon Grondin
The present study used the presentation of food pictures and judgements about their duration to assess the emotions elicited by food in women suffering from an eating disorder (ED). Twenty-three women diagnosed with an ED, namely anorexia (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), and 23 healthy controls (HC) completed a temporal bisection task and a duration discrimination task. Intervals were marked with emotionally pre-rated pictures of joyful and disgusting food, and pictures of neutral objects. The results showed that, in the bisection task, AN women overestimated the duration of food pictures in comparison to neutral ones...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680195/how-people-s-food-disgust-sensitivity-shapes-their-eating-and-food-behaviour
#8
Aisha Egolf, Michael Siegrist, Christina Hartmann
Although research regarding disgust has increased enormously in the last decades, to date there is a lack of published research about the influence of food disgust on various food-related behaviours. Our study aimed to provide an understanding about the relationships between food disgust sensitivity and eating preferences (texture-based food rejection), habits (variety seeking), and behaviours (picky eating) as well as food waste frequency. Additionally, sociodemographic characteristics associated with food disgust sensitivity were examined...
August 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613910/modality-specific-effects-of-aversive-expectancy-in-the-anterior-insula-and-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#9
Gil Sharvit, Corrado Corradi-DellʼAcqua, Patrik Vuilleumier
Expectations modulate the subjective experience of pain by increasing sensitivity to nociceptive inputs, an effect mediated by brain regions such as the insula. However, it is still unknown whether the neural structures underlying pain expectancy hold sensory-specific information or, alternatively, code for modality-independent features (eg, unpleasantness), potentially common with other negative experiences. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate neural activity underlying the expectation of different, but comparably unpleasant, pain and disgust...
April 2, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543841/dynamic-facial-expressions-of-emotions-are-discriminated-at-birth
#10
Margaret Addabbo, Elena Longhi, Ioana Cristina Marchis, Paolo Tagliabue, Chiara Turati
The ability to discriminate between different facial expressions is fundamental since the first stages of postnatal life. The aim of this study is to investigate whether 2-days-old newborns are capable to discriminate facial expressions of emotions as they naturally take place in everyday interactions, that is in motion. When two dynamic displays depicting a happy and a disgusted facial expression were simultaneously presented (i.e., visual preference paradigm), newborns did not manifest any visual preference (Experiment 1)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515834/body-odour-disgust-sensitivity-predicts-authoritarian-attitudes
#11
Marco Tullio Liuzza, Torun Lindholm, Caitlin B Hawley, Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Ingrid Ekström, Mats J Olsson, Jonas K Olofsson
Authoritarianism has resurfaced as a research topic in political psychology, as it appears relevant to explain current political trends. Authoritarian attitudes have been consistently linked to feelings of disgust, an emotion that is thought to have evolved to protect the organism from contamination. We hypothesized that body odour disgust sensitivity (BODS) might be associated with authoritarianism, as chemo-signalling is a primitive system for regulating interpersonal contact and disease avoidance, which are key features also in authoritarianism...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496601/development-and-validation-of-the-food-disgust-picture-scale
#12
Jeanine Ammann, Christina Hartmann, Michael Siegrist
The present set of studies developed and tested the Food Disgust Picture Scale (FDPS). This is a tool for the assessment of food disgust sensitivity that will measure disgust and predict possible reactions. This eight-picture tool can be used in complement to or as a replacement for currently available text-based measures. In an exploratory Study 1 (N = 57), we constructed a scale consisting of eight pictures. Most of them were taken from validated picture databases. They proved powerful in the assessment of food disgust sensitivity...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389158/the-psychological-roots-of-anti-vaccination-attitudes-a-24-nation-investigation
#13
Matthew J Hornsey, Emily A Harris, Kelly S Fielding
OBJECTIVE: Strengthening of antivaccination movements in recent decades has coincided with unprecedented increases in the incidence of some communicable diseases. Many intervention programs work from a deficit model of science communication, presuming that vaccination skeptics lack the ability to access or understand evidence. However, interventions focusing on evidence and the debunking of vaccine-related myths have proven to be either nonproductive or counterproductive. Working from a motivated reasoning perspective, we examine the psychological factors that might motivate people to reject scientific consensus around vaccination...
April 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378295/a-multidimensional-approach-to-understanding-the-potential-risk-factors-and-covariates-of-adult-picky-eating
#14
Jordan M Ellis, Rebecca R Schenk, Amy T Galloway, Hana F Zickgraf, Rose Mary Webb, Denise M Martz
OBJECTIVE: Adult picky eating (PE) has received increased attention in the eating behavior literature due to its important association with adult avoidant-restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). The current study tested a model of potential risk factors of adult PE behavior, including perceived early parental feeding practices. An exploratory model was also utilized to understand associations with different aspects of adult PE behaviors. METHODS: A sample of 1339 US adults recruited through Amazon's MTurk completed an online survey that included the recently developed Adult Picky Eating Questionnaire (APEQ), retrospective reports of parental feeding practices, and other measures of eating behavior and demographic variables...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274008/selective-impairment-of-basic-emotion-recognition-in-people-with-autism-discrimination-thresholds-for-recognition-of-facial-expressions-of-varying-intensities
#15
Yongning Song, Yuji Hakoda
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by early onset qualitative impairments in reciprocal social development. However, whether individuals with ASD exhibit impaired recognition of facial expressions corresponding to basic emotions is debatable. To investigate subtle deficits in facial emotion recognition, we asked 14 children diagnosed with high-functioning autism (HFA)/AS and 17 typically developing peers to complete a new highly sensitive test of facial emotion recognition. The test stimuli comprised faces expressing increasing degrees of emotional intensity that slowly changed from a neutral to a full-intensity happiness, sadness, surprise, anger, disgust, or fear expression...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166594/individual-differences-in-processing-emotional-images-after-reading-disgusting-and-neutral-sentences
#16
Alex Hartigan, Anne Richards
The present study examined the extent to which Event Related Potentials (ERPs) evoked by disgusting, threatening and neutral photographic images were influenced by disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity and attentional control following exposure to disgusting information. Emotional cognition was manipulated by instructing participants to remember either disgusting or neutral sentences; participants in both groups then viewed emotional images while ERPs were recorded. Disgust propensity was associated with a reduced Late Positive Potential (LPP) gap between threatening and neutral stimuli (an effect driven by a rise in the LPP for neutral images) but only amongst individuals who were exposed to disgusting sentences...
November 21, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164511/effect-of-partners-disgust-responses-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-cancer-patients
#17
Haffiezhah A Azlan, Paul G Overton, Jane Simpson, Philip A Powell
The aim of this study was to explore quantitatively the relationship between disgust responses in cancer patients and their partners, and in turn their relationship to patients' psychological well-being. We recruited 50 participants with heterogeneous cancer diagnoses and their partners from cancer-related groups (e.g., charities). Patients completed questionnaires to determine levels of disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity, self-disgust, and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Disgust propensity and sensitivity were also assessed in their partners...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116437/morality-and-soap-in-engineers-and-social-scientists-the-macbeth-effect-interacts-with-professions
#18
Michael Schaefer
Several studies demonstrate that physical cleansing is actually efficacious to cope with threatened morality, thus demonstrating that physical and moral purity are psychologically interwoven. This so-called Macbeth effect has been explained, for example, by the conceptual metaphor theory that suggests an embodiment of the moral purity metaphor. Recent research draws attention to individual differences when using conceptual metaphors. The present study shows that the moral purity link interacts with different professions...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108463/td-the-case-of-diogenes-syndrome-deficit-or-denial
#19
Fiona Ashworth, Anita Rose, Barbara A Wilson
Diogenes Syndrome (DS) is characterised by extreme self-neglect, domestic squalor, hoarding, social withdrawal, and lack of concern and shame for the individual's residential situation. This paper describes TD who was unable to identify emotional expressions of disgust and was borderline-impaired for facial recognition associated with perceptual difficulties. Problems interpreting expressions of disgust were interesting as TD was living in squalor, neglecting himself, and lacked concern for his circumstances...
March 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072188/body-dysmorphic-disorder-latest-neuroanatomical-and-neuropsychological-findings
#20
K Tasios, I Michopoulos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with a perceived defect or flaw in physical appearance that is not observable or appears slight to others. It leads to severe distress and functional impairment. Cognitive-behavioural and neurobiological similarities to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have led to its newly conceived classification as an obsessive compulsive related disorder (OCRD). In the process of investigating the neurobiology of BDD, neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies have been conducted...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
keyword
keyword
98031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"