keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Influenza challenge studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520789/antigen-specific-immunoglobulin-variable-region-sequencing-measures-humoral-immune-response-to-vaccination-in-the-equine-neonate
#1
Rebecca L Tallmadge, Steven C Miller, Stephen A Parry, Maria Julia B Felippe
The value of prophylactic neonatal vaccination is challenged by the interference of passively transferred maternal antibodies and immune competence at birth. Taken our previous studies on equine B cell ontogeny, we hypothesized that the equine neonate generates a diverse immunoglobulin repertoire in response to vaccination, independently of circulating maternal antibodies. In this study, equine neonates were vaccinated with 3 doses of keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or equine influenza vaccine, and humoral immune responses were assessed using antigen-specific serum antibodies and B cell Ig variable region sequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518041/stockpiling-ventilators-for-influenza-pandemics
#2
Hsin-Chan Huang, Ozgur M Araz, David P Morton, Gregory P Johnson, Paul Damien, Bruce Clements, Lauren Ancel Meyers
In preparing for influenza pandemics, public health agencies stockpile critical medical resources. Determining appropriate quantities and locations for such resources can be challenging, given the considerable uncertainty in the timing and severity of future pandemics. We introduce a method for optimizing stockpiles of mechanical ventilators, which are critical for treating hospitalized influenza patients in respiratory failure. As a case study, we consider the US state of Texas during mild, moderate, and severe pandemics...
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511853/immunologic-evaluation-of-10-different-adjuvants-for-use-in-vaccines-for-chickens-against-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus
#3
Nazir Ahmed Lone, Erica Spackman, Darrell Kapczynski
Avian influenza viruses (AIV) are a threat to poultry production worldwide. Vaccination is utilized as a component of control programs for both high pathogenicity (HP) and low pathogenicity (LP) AIV. Over 95% of all AIV vaccine used in poultry are inactivated, adjuvanted products. To identify the best formulations for chickens, vaccines were prepared with beta-propiolactone (BPL) inactivated A/British Columbia/314514-1/2004 H7N3 LP AIV using ten commercially available or experimental adjuvants. Each vaccine formulation was evaluated for immunogenicity in chickens...
May 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505524/inactivated-influenza-virus-vaccines-the-future-of-tiv-and-qiv
#4
REVIEW
Michael Schotsaert, Adolfo García-Sastre
Influenza viruses continue to be a major public health concern, despite the availability of vaccines. Currently licensed influenza vaccines aim at the induction of antibodies that target hemagglutinin, the major antigenic determinant on the surface of influenza virions that is responsible for attachment of the virus to the host cell that is to be infected. Currently licensed influenza vaccines come as inactivated or live attenuated influenza vaccines and are trivalent or quadrivalent as they contain antigens of two influenza A and one or two influenza B strains that circulate in the human population, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490598/development-of-clade-specific-and-broadly-reactive-live-attenuated-influenza-virus-vaccines-against-rapidly-evolving-h5-subtype-viruses
#5
Kobporn Boonnak, Yumiko Matsuoka, Weijia Wang, Amorsolo L Suguitan, Zhongying Chen, Myeisha Paskel, Mariana Baz, Ian Moore, Hong Jin, Kanta Subbarao
We have developed pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccines (pLAIV) against clade 1 H5N1 viruses on an Ann Arbor cold-adapted (ca) backbone that induced long-term immune memory. In 2015, many human infections caused by a new clade (2.2.1.1) of goose/Guangdong (gs/GD) lineage H5N1 viruses were reported in Egypt that prompted updating of the H5N1 pLAIV. We explored two strategies to generate suitable pLAIVs: first to modify the hemagglutinin gene of a highly pathogenic wild-type (wt) clade 2.2.1.1 virus A/Egypt/N03434/2009 (Egy/09) (H5N1) with its unmodified neuraminidase (NA) gene; this virus was designated Egy/09 ca The second approach was to select a low pathogenicity avian influenza H5 virus that elicited antibodies that cross-reacted with a broad range of H5 viruses, including the Egypt H5N1 viruses and contained a novel NA subtype for humans...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483250/monophosphoryl-lipid-a-enhances-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-specific-mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-by-intranasal-immunization
#6
Taro Iwasaki, Takashi Hirano, Satoru Kodama, Yoshinori Kadowaki, Munehito Moriyama, Toshiaki Kawano, Masashi Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common infectious diseases in children. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is Gram-negative bacteria that are considered major pathogens of AOM and respiratory tract infections. In this study, we used monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 agonist, as an adjuvant to induce mucosal immune responses against NTHi to enhance bacterial clearance from the nasopharynx. METHODS: Mice were administered 10 μg outer membrane protein (OMP) from NTHi and 0, 10, or 20 μg MPL intranasally once a week for 3 weeks...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476115/self-tests-for-influenza-an-empirical-ethics-investigation
#7
Benedict Rumbold, Clare Wenham, James Wilson
BACKGROUND: In this article we aim to assess the ethical desirability of self-test diagnostic kits for influenza, focusing in particular on the potential benefits and challenges posed by a new, mobile phone-based tool currently being developed by i-sense, an interdisciplinary research collaboration based (primarily) at University College London and funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. METHODS: Our study adopts an empirical ethics approach, supplementing an initial review into the ethical considerations posed by such technologies with qualitative data from three focus groups...
May 5, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472965/parameter-identifiability-based-optimal-observation-remedy-for-biological-networks
#8
Yulin Wang, Hongyu Miao
BACKGROUND: To systematically understand the interactions between numerous biological components, a variety of biological networks on different levels and scales have been constructed and made available in public databases or knowledge repositories. Graphical models such as structural equation models have long been used to describe biological networks for various quantitative analysis tasks, especially key biological parameter estimation. However, limited by resources or technical capacities, partial observation is a common problem in experimental observations of biological networks, and it thus becomes an important problem how to select unobserved nodes for additional measurements such that all unknown model parameters become identifiable...
May 4, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469192/construction-of-a-highly-efficient-crispr-cas9-mediated-duck-enteritis-virus-based-vaccine-against-h5n1-avian-influenza-virus-and-duck-tembusu-virus-infection
#9
Zhong Zou, Kun Huang, Yanmin Wei, Huanchun Chen, Ziduo Liu, Meilin Jin
Duck enteritis virus (DEV), duck tembusu virus (DTMUV), and highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 are the most important viral pathogens in ducks, as they cause significant economic losses in the duck industry. Development of a novel vaccine simultaneously effective against these three viruses is the most economical method for reducing losses. In the present study, by utilizing a clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/associated 9 (Cas9)-mediated gene editing strategy, we efficiently generated DEV recombinants (C-KCE-HA/PrM-E) that simultaneously encode the hemagglutinin (HA) gene of HPAIV H5N1 and pre-membrane proteins (PrM), as well as the envelope glycoprotein (E) gene of DTMUV, and its potential as a trivalent vaccine was also evaluated...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465147/immunoprotection-induced-by-cpg-odn-poly-i-c-combined-with-recombinant-gp90-protein-in-chickens-against-reticuloendotheliosis-virus-infection
#10
Fei Yuan, Ying Chu, Lihong Qi, Hongmei Li, Shuhong Sun, Peng Zhao, Shuang Chang, Huijun Guo
The present study is focused on investigating the immunoprotective effects of CpG-ODN/Poly(I:C) combined with the viral glycoprotein gp90 protein against reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) infection in chickens. REV's gp90 gene was amplified from the REV-infected cells and expressed in Escherichia coli (E.coli). The expressed products, upon purification, were inoculated into 7-day-old chickens with PBS, CpG-ODN or Poly(I:C) adjuvant; Two booster inoculations were then conducted, and then each chicken was challenged...
April 29, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465097/challenges-in-conducting-post-authorisation-safety-studies-pass-a-vaccine-manufacturer-s-view
#11
Catherine Cohet, Dominique Rosillon, Corinne Willame, Francois Haguinet, Marie-Noëlle Marenne, Sandrine Fontaine, Hubert Buyse, Vincent Bauchau, Laurence Baril
Post-authorisation safety studies (PASS) of vaccines assess or quantify the risk of adverse events following immunisation that were not identified or could not be estimated pre-licensure. The aim of this perspective paper is to describe the authors' experience in the design and conduct of twelve PASS that contributed to the evaluation of the benefit-risk of vaccines in real-world settings. We describe challenges and learnings from selected PASS of rotavirus, malaria, influenza, human papillomavirus and measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccines that assessed or identified potential or theoretical risks, which may lead to changes to risk management plans and/or to label updates...
April 29, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463499/advancing-homogeneous-antimicrobial-glycoconjugate-vaccines
#12
Roberto Adamo
Since 2004, when the first synthetic glycoconjugate vaccine against the pneumonia and meningitis causing bacterium Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) approved for human use in Cuba was reported, 34 million doses of the synthetic vaccine have been already distributed in several countries under the commercial name of Quimi-Hib. However, despite the success of this product, no other synthetic glycoconjugate vaccine has been licensed in the following 13 years. As well as avoiding the need to handle pathogens, synthetic glycoconjugates offer clear advantages in terms of product characterization and the possibility to understand the parameters influencing immunogenicity...
May 2, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458673/inflammatory-responses-regulating-alveolar-ion-transport-during-pulmonary-infections
#13
REVIEW
Christin Peteranderl, Jacob I Sznajder, Susanne Herold, Emilia Lecuona
The respiratory epithelium is lined by a tightly balanced fluid layer that allows normal O2 and CO2 exchange and maintains surface tension and host defense. To maintain alveolar fluid homeostasis, both the integrity of the alveolar-capillary barrier and the expression of epithelial ion channels and pumps are necessary to establish a vectorial ion gradient. However, during pulmonary infection, auto- and/or paracrine-acting mediators induce pathophysiological changes of the alveolar-capillary barrier, altered expression of epithelial Na,K-ATPase and of epithelial ion channels including epithelial sodium channel and cystic fibrosis membrane conductance regulator, leading to the accumulation of edema and impaired alveolar fluid clearance...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457665/preclinical-and-clinical-demonstration-of-immunogenicity-by-mrna-vaccines-against-h10n8-and-h7n9-influenza-viruses
#14
Kapil Bahl, Joe J Senn, Olga Yuzhakov, Alex Bulychev, Luis A Brito, Kimberly J Hassett, Michael E Laska, Mike Smith, Örn Almarsson, James Thompson, Amilcar Mick Ribeiro, Mike Watson, Tal Zaks, Giuseppe Ciaramella
Recently, the World Health Organization confirmed 120 new human cases of avian H7N9 influenza in China resulting in 37 deaths, highlighting the concern for a potential pandemic and the need for an effective, safe, and high-speed vaccine production platform. Production speed and scale of mRNA-based vaccines make them ideally suited to impede potential pandemic threats. Here we show that lipid nanoparticle (LNP)-formulated, modified mRNA vaccines, encoding hemagglutinin (HA) proteins of H10N8 (A/Jiangxi-Donghu/346/2013) or H7N9 (A/Anhui/1/2013), generated rapid and robust immune responses in mice, ferrets, and nonhuman primates, as measured by hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) and microneutralization (MN) assays...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456525/homologous-and-heterologous-antigenic-matched-vaccines-containing-different-h5-hemagglutinins-provide-variable-protection-of-chickens-from-the-2014-u-s-h5n8-and-h5n2-clade-2-3-4-4-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-viruses
#15
Darrell R Kapczynski, Mary J Pantin-Jackwood, Erica Spackman, Klaudia Chrzastek, David L Suarez, David E Swayne
From December 2014 to June 2015, a novel H5 Eurasian A/goose/Guangdong (Gs/GD) lineage clade 2.3.4.4 high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) virus caused the largest animal health emergency in US history resulting in mortality or culling of greater than 48 million poultry. The outbreak renewed interest in developing intervention strategies, including vaccines, for these newly emergent HPAI viruses. In these studies, several existing H5 vaccines or vaccine seed strains with varying genetic relatedness (85-100%) to the 2...
April 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442605/the-toll-like-receptor-4-antagonist-eritoran-protects-mice-from-lethal-filovirus-challenge
#16
Patrick Younan, Palaniappan Ramanathan, Jessica Graber, Fabian Gusovsky, Alexander Bukreyev
The 2013-2016 outbreak of Ebola virus (EBOV) in West Africa, which has seen intermittent reemergence since it was officially declared over in February of 2016, has demonstrated the need for the rapid development of therapeutic intervention strategies. Indirect evidence has suggested that the EBOV infection shares several commonalities associated with the onset of bacterial sepsis, including the development of a "cytokine storm." Eritoran, a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) antagonist, was previously shown to result in protection of mice against lethal influenza virus infection...
April 25, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429728/a-formulated-tlr7-8-agonist-is-a-flexible-highly-potent-and-effective-adjuvant-for-pandemic-influenza-vaccines
#17
Neal Van Hoeven, Christopher B Fox, Brian Granger, Tara Evers, Sharvari W Joshi, Ghislain I Nana, Sarah C Evans, Susan Lin, Hong Liang, Li Liang, Rie Nakajima, Philip L Felgner, Richard A Bowen, Nicole Marlenee, Airn Hartwig, Susan L Baldwin, Rhea N Coler, Mark Tomai, James Elvecrog, Steven G Reed, Darrick Carter
Since 1997, highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5N1 subtype have been transmitted from avian hosts to humans. The severity of H5N1 infection in humans, as well as the sporadic nature of H5N1 outbreaks, both geographically and temporally, make generation of an effective vaccine a global public health priority. An effective H5N1 vaccine must ultimately provide protection against viruses from diverse clades. Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonist adjuvant formulations have a demonstrated ability to broaden H5N1 vaccine responses in pre-clinical models...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424887/a-metagenomics-study-for-the-identification-of-respiratory-viruses-in-mixed-clinical-specimens-an-application-of-the-iterative-mapping-approach
#18
Yu-Nong Gong, Shu-Li Yang, Guang-Wu Chen, Yu-Wen Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang, Hsiao-Chen Ning, Kuo-Chien Tsao
Metagenomic approaches to detect viral genomes and variants in clinical samples have various challenges, including low viral titers and bacterial and human genome contamination. To address these limitations, we examined a next-generation sequencing (NGS) and iterative mapping approach for virus detection in clinical samples. We analyzed 40 clinical specimens from hospitalized children diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis, croup, or respiratory tract infections in which virus identification by viral culture or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was unsuccessful...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424686/mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-to-influenza-h7n9-antigen-ha1-2-co-delivered-intranasally-with-flagellin-or-polyethyleneimine-in-mice-and-chickens
#19
Li Song, Dan Xiong, Hongqin Song, Lili Wu, Meihua Zhang, Xilong Kang, Zhiming Pan, Xinan Jiao
Consecutive cases of human infection with H7N9 influenza viruses since 2013 in China have prompted efforts to develop an effective treatment. Subunit vaccines introduced by intranasal administration can block an infection at its primary site; flagellin (fliC) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) have been shown to be potent adjuvants. We previously generated the hemagglutinin (HA)1-2-fliC fusion protein consisting of the globular head domain (HA1-2; amino acids 62-284) of HA fused with Salmonella typhimurium fliC. In the present study, we investigated its effectiveness of both flagellin and PEI as mucosal adjuvants for the H7N9 influenza subunit vaccine...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424239/aim2-inflammasome-is-critical-for-influenza-induced-lung-injury-and-mortality
#20
Hongbo Zhang, Jiadi Luo, John F Alcorn, Kong Chen, Songqing Fan, Joseph Pilewski, Aizhong Liu, Wei Chen, Jay K Kolls, Jieru Wang
The absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasome plays an important role in many viral and bacterial infections, but very little is known about its role in RNA virus infection, including influenza A virus (IAV). In this study, we have designed in vivo and in vitro studies to determine the role of AIM2 in infections with lethal doses of IAVs A/PR8/34 and A/California/07/09. In wild-type mice, IAV infection enhanced AIM2 expression, induced dsDNA release, and stimulated caspase-1 activation and release of cleaved IL-1β in the lung, which was significantly reduced in AIM2-deficient mice...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
keyword
keyword
98020
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"