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Near infrared spectroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352217/bedside-assessment-of-regional-cerebral-perfusion-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-indocyanine-green-in-patients-with-atherosclerotic-occlusive-disease
#1
Hiroshi Saito, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Jun Tanabe, Shinya Kobayashi, Junta Moroi
This pilot study aimed to investigate the utility of near-infrared spectroscopy/indocyanine green (NIRS/ICG) for examining patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Twenty-nine patients with chronic-stage atherosclerotic occlusive cerebrovascular disease were included. The patients were monitored using NIRS at the bedside. Using ICG time-intensity curves, the affected-to-unaffected side ratios were calculated for several parameters, including the maximum ICG concentration (ΔICGmax), time to peak (TTP), rise time (RT), and blood flow index (BFI = ΔICGmax/RT), and were compared to the affected-to-unaffected side ratios of the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and regional oxygen extraction fraction (rOEF) obtained using positron emission tomography with 15O-labeled gas...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351000/age-effects-on-cerebral-oxygenation-and-behavior-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#2
Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Sarah N Biggs, Rosemary Sc Horne
RATIONALE: Childhood sleep disordered breathing ranges in severity from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea and is associated with behavioral and neurocognitive deficits. It remains unknown why children with primary snoring, who do not experience peripheral oxygen desaturation or sleep fragmentation, experience similar daytime deficits as those with obstructive sleep apnea or why effects are age dependent. OBJECTIVE: To examine cerebral tissue oxygenation and oxygen extraction as an explanation for daytime deficits in children with primary snoring...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350235/pressure-induced-photoluminescence-modulation-in-a-wide-range-and-synthesis-of-monodispersed-ternary-agcus-nanocrystal-based-on-ag2s-nanocrystals
#3
Yingnan Wang, Xiaoteng Li, Manzhang Xu, Kai Wang, Hongyang Zhu, Wu Zhao, Junfeng Yan, Zhiyong Zhang
Binary Ag2S nanocrystals (NCs) have many potential optical applications because of their low toxicity, narrow direct band gaps and near-infrared photoluminescence (PL) with high emission efficiency. However, due to its small exciton Bohr radius (2.2 nm), the PL spectra of Ag2S NCs can only be modulated below ∼1200 nm with increasing particle size. Meanwhile, ternary silver copper chalcogenides (AgCuX, X = S, Se) have also attracted increased attention in recent years. Temperature-dependent structural phase transformation leads electrical transport to exhibit fascinating transitions between p and n type conduction, which makes AgCuS and AgCuSe ideal materials for diode or transistor devices...
January 19, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350187/multifractal-dynamics-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex
#4
Frigyes Samuel Racz, Peter Mukli, Zoltan Nagy, Andras Eke
Brain function is organized as a network of functional connections between different neuronal populations with connection strengths dynamically changing in time and space. Studies investigating functional connectivity (FC) usually follow a static approach when describing FC by considering the connectivity strengths constant, however a dynamic approach seems more reasonable, as this way the spatio-temporal dynamics of the underlying system can also be captured. Objective: The scale-free, i.e. fractal nature of neural dynamics is an inherent property of the nervous system...
January 19, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347319/electromagnetic-radiation-absorption-by-water
#5
P Lunkenheimer, S Emmert, R Gulich, M Köhler, M Wolf, M Schwab, A Loidl
Why does a microwave oven work? How does biological tissue absorb electromagnetic radiation? Astonishingly, we do not have a definite answer to these simple questions because the microscopic processes governing the absorption of electromagnetic waves by water are largely unclarified. This absorption can be quantified by dielectric loss spectra, which reveal a huge peak at a frequency of the exciting electric field of about 20 GHz and a gradual tailing off toward higher frequencies. The microscopic interpretation of such spectra is highly controversial and various superpositions of relaxation and resonance processes ascribed to single-molecule or molecule-cluster motions have been proposed for their analysis...
December 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346183/near-infrared-spectroscopy-to-predict-organ-failure-and-outcome-in-sepsis-the-assessing-risk-in-sepsis-using-a-tissue-oxygen-saturation-aristos-study
#6
Stephen P J Macdonald, Frances B Kinnear, Glenn Arendts, Kwok M Ho, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is acute organ dysfunction in the setting of infection. An accurate diagnosis is important to guide treatment and disposition. Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) can be estimated noninvasively by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and may be an indicator of microcirculatory dysfunction in early sepsis. We aimed to determine the utility of StO2 for sepsis recognition and outcome prediction among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study recruited patients who were being admitted to hospital with infection...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344297/mesoporous-carbon-nanospheres-as-a-multifunctional-carrier-for-cancer-theranostics
#7
Libo Zhou, Ying Jing, Yubin Liu, Zhihe Liu, Duyang Gao, Haobin Chen, Weiye Song, Tao Wang, Xiaofeng Fang, Weiping Qin, Zhen Yuan, Sheng Dai, Zhen-An Qiao, Changfeng Wu
Optical nanomaterials with intense absorption in near-infrared (NIR) region hold great promise for biomedical applications such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI). In this work, we report mesoporous carbon nanospheres (Meso-CNs) with broadband and intense absorption in the UV-Vis-NIR region (300-1400 nm) and explore their potential as a multifunctional platform for photoacoustic imaging and chemo-photothermal therapy. Methods: Meso-CNs were prepared by a "silica-assisted" synthesis strategy and characterized by transmission electron microscope and optical spectroscopy...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344000/visible-near-infrared-spectroscopic-assessment-of-urogenital-tissue-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#8
Miranda A Farage, Tom Cambron, Kan-Zhi Liu
Background: A clinical study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using visible and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a potential noninvasive measure of genital skin health in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 45 female subjects (aged 21-70 years), all of whom gave fully informed consent to participate, were enrolled in the study and assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 15 premenopausal (Pre-M), 15 postmenopausal receiving hormone replacement therapy (Post-M HRT), and 15 postmenopausal receiving no form of hormone replacement therapy (Post-M non-HRT)...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342097/time-domain-near-infrared-spectroscopy-device-for-monitoring-muscle-oxidative-metabolism-custom-probe-and-in-vivo-applications
#9
Rebecca Re, Ileana Pirovano, Davide Contini, Lorenzo Spinelli, Alessandro Torricelli
Measurement of muscle oxidative metabolism is of interest for monitoring the training status in athletes and the rehabilitation process in patients. Time domain near infrared spectroscopy (TD NIRS) is an optical technique that allows the non-invasive measurement of the hemodynamic parameters in muscular tissue: concentrations of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin, total hemoglobin content, and tissue oxygen saturation. In this paper, we present a novel TD NIRS medical device for muscle oxidative metabolism. A custom-printed 3D probe, able to host optical elements for signal acquisition from muscle, was develop for TD NIRS in vivo measurements...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341849/factors-affecting-occlusion-pressure-and-ischemic-preconditioning
#10
Henry Brown, Martyn J Binnie, Brian Dawson, Nicola Bullock, Brendan R Scott, Peter Peeling
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of limb selection (upper/lower), cuff width (small (6 cm)/medium (13 cm) upper; medium/large (18 cm) lower) and anthropometry on arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) in ischemic preconditioning (IPC). METHODS: Twenty athletes (10 females and 10 males) had surface anthropometry and dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) assessments before using Doppler ultrasound to confirm AOP for each limb. Subsequently, 5 min of occlusion occurred, with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measuring muscle oxygenation changes...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341716/single-electron-and-single-photon-sensitivity-with-a-silicon-skipper-ccd
#11
Javier Tiffenberg, Miguel Sofo-Haro, Alex Drlica-Wagner, Rouven Essig, Yann Guardincerri, Steve Holland, Tomer Volansky, Tien-Tien Yu
We have developed ultralow-noise electronics in combination with repetitive, nondestructive readout of a thick, fully depleted charge-coupled device (CCD) to achieve an unprecedented noise level of 0.068  e^{-} rms/pixel. This is the first time that discrete subelectron readout noise has been achieved reproducible over millions of pixels on a stable, large-area detector. This enables the contemporaneous, discrete, and quantized measurement of charge in pixels, irrespective of whether they contain zero electrons or thousands of electrons...
September 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341421/a-stable-room-temperature-luminescent-biphenylmethyl-radical
#12
Xin Ai, Yingxin Chen, Yuting Feng, Feng Li
There is only one family of room-temperature luminescent radicals, the triphenylmethyl radicals, to date. Herein, we synthesize a new stable room-temperature luminescent radical, (N-carbazolyl)bis(2,4,6-tirchlorophenyl)methyl radical (CzBTM), which has improved properties compared to the triphenylmethyl radicals. X-ray crystallography, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and magnetic susceptibility measurements confirmed the radical structure. CzBTM shows room-temperature deep-red to near-infrared emission in various solutions...
January 17, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341066/cerebral-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-for-perioperative-monitoring-of-brain-oxygenation-in-children-and-adults
#13
REVIEW
Yun Yu, Kaiying Zhang, Ling Zhang, Huantao Zong, Lingzhong Meng, Ruquan Han
BACKGROUND: Various techniques have been employed for the early detection of perioperative cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is increasingly used in this clinical scenario to monitor brain oxygenation. However, it is unknown whether perioperative cerebral NIRS monitoring and the subsequent treatment strategies are of benefit to patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of perioperative cerebral NIRS monitoring and corresponding treatment strategies in adults and children, compared with blinded or no cerebral oxygenation monitoring, or cerebral oxygenation monitoring based on non-NIRS technologies, on the detection of cerebral oxygen desaturation events (CDEs), neurological outcomes, non-neurological outcomes and socioeconomic impact (including cost of hospitalization and length of hospital stay)...
January 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340284/optical-imaging-during-toddlerhood-brain-responses-during-naturalistic-social-interactions
#14
Yoko Hakuno, Laura Pirazzoli, Anna Blasi, Mark H Johnson, Sarah Lloyd-Fox
Despite the importance of our ability to interact and communicate with others, the early development of the social brain network remains poorly understood. We examined brain activity in 12- to 14-month-old infants while they were interacting live with an adult in two different naturalistic social scenarios (i.e., reading a picture book versus singing nursery rhymes with gestures), as compared to baseline (i.e., showing infants a toy without eye contact or speech). We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recorded over the right temporal lobe of infants to assess the role of the superior temporal sulcus-temporoparietal junction (STS-TPJ) region during naturalistic social interactions...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339923/an-acute-bout-of-housework-activities-has-beneficial-effects-on-executive-function
#15
Kenji Tsuchiya, Shinichi Mitsui, Ryuji Fukuyama, Noriki Yamaya, Takaaki Fujita, Kaori Shimoda, Fusae Tozato
Purpose: Although acute bouts of exercise reportedly have beneficial effects on executive function, inactive people may find it difficult to start exercising. In this study, we focused on housework activities (HAs) that generate a sense of accomplishment and require a mild intensity of physical activity. We examined the impact of an acute bout of HA on executive function and oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) flow to related cortical regions. Materials and methods: Twenty-five participants (age, 18-21 years; mean, 19...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339571/infrared-photoconductivity-and-photovoltaic-response-from-nanoscale-domains-of-pbs-alloyed-with-thorium-and-oxygen
#16
Neta Arad-Vosk, Rotem Beach, Amichai Ron, Tzvi Tzvi Templeman, Yuval Golan, Gabby Sarusi, Amir Sa'ar
Thin films of lead sulfide alloyed with thorium and oxygen were deposited on GaAs substrates and processed to produce a photo-diode structure. Structural, optical and electrical characterizations indicate the presence of small nanoscale domains that are characterized by dense packaging, high quality interfaces and a blue-shift of the energy bandgap toward the short wavelength infrared range of the spectrum. Photocurrent spectroscopy revealed a considerable photo-conductivity that is correlated with excitation of carriers in the nanoscale domains of lead sulfide alloyed with thorium and oxygen...
January 17, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339226/model-and-methods-to-assess-hepatic-function-from-indocyanine-green-fluorescence-dynamical-measurements-of-liver-tissue
#17
Chloe Audebert, Irene E Vignon-Clementel
The indocyanine green (ICG) clearance, presented as plasma disappearance rate is, presently, a reliable method to estimate the hepatic "function". However, this technique is not instantaneously available and thus cannot been used intra-operatively (during liver surgery). Near-infrared spectroscopy enables to assess hepatic ICG concentration over time in the liver tissue. This article proposes to extract more information from the liver intensity dynamics by interpreting it through a dedicated pharmacokinetics model...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339135/quantitative-monitoring-the-anti-solvent-crystallization-and-storage-process-for-nandrolone-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#18
Xia Zeng, Xinnuo Xiong, Hongqin Yang, Bin Tang, Qiaohong Du, Quan Hou, Zili Suo, Hui Li
A novel hydrate (SH2O) of nandrolone (NT) was prepared by anti-solvent methods. The crystallization processes with two schemes (A and B) were monitored by in-line near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The amounts of SH2O in powder samples obtained by the anti-solvent crystallization and storage process were quantified by NIR combined with chemometrics methods. In-line NIR spectra from 4500 to 8000 cm-1 were chosen to capture physicochemical changes during the whole crystallization process. The combination of the principal component (PCA) results with offline characterization (scanning electron microscopy, powder x-ray diffraction, NIR) data showed that both schemes yielded high purity SH2O products, but the crystallization speed of Scheme B was significantly accelerated...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338833/clinical-application-and-development-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-monitoring-regional-cerebral-oxygen-saturation
#19
Hong Yi Li, Xiao Wen Liu, Jing Zhao
The near-infrared spectroscopy has been applied to the continuous and noninvasive monitoring of regional cerebral oxygen saturation,providing information about the equilibrium between cerebral oxygen supply and consumption. This article reviews the mechanism,clinical application,and limitations of this technique.
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338494/neural-correlates-of-response-inhibition-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-during-acute-vs-remitted-phase
#20
Juliane Kopf, Stefan Glöckner, Martin Schecklmann, Thomas Dresler, Michael M Plichta, Julia Veeh, Sarah Kittel-Schneider, Andreas Reif
OBJECTIVE: Elevated behavioral impulsivity has been shown to be a core feature of bipolar disorder. However, no study has so far investigated impulsivity-related brain activation in patients with BD during acute vs. remitted phase. To address the question whether elevated behavioural impulsivity and its differential neural pathways is a state or trait marker of BD, we employed a combined stop-signal-go/nogo task in 30 controls, 37 depressed and 15 remitted patients who were retested. METHODS: Frontal brain activation was recorded using near-infrared spectroscopy...
January 17, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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