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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297263/foreground-detection-by-competitive-learning-for-varying-input-distributions
#1
Ezequiel López-Rubio, Miguel A Molina-Cabello, Rafael Marcos Luque-Baena, Enrique Domínguez
One of the most important challenges in computer vision applications is the background modeling, especially when the background is dynamic and the input distribution might not be stationary, i.e. the distribution of the input data could change with time (e.g. changing illuminations, waving trees, water, etc.). In this work, an unsupervised learning neural network is proposed which is able to cope with progressive changes in the input distribution. It is based on a dual learning mechanism which manages the changes of the input distribution separately from the cluster detection...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286736/j-%C3%AF-elliptic-flow-in-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s_-nn-5-02%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev
#2
S Acharya, D Adamová, J Adolfsson, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, M Al-Turany, S N Alam, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, R Alfaro Molina, Y Ali, A Alici, A Alkin, J Alme, T Alt, L Altenkamper, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, C Andrei, D Andreou, H A Andrews, A Andronic, V Anguelov, C Anson, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, R Anwar, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, A Baldisseri, M Ball, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, L Barioglio, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, E Bartsch, N Bastid, S Basu, G Batigne, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, J L Bazo Alba, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, A Bianchi, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, G Boca, F Bock, A Bogdanov, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, G Bonomi, M Bonora, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, E Botta, C Bourjau, L Bratrud, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T A Broker, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, P Buhler, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, H Caines, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, A A Capon, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, S Chandra, B Chang, W Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, T Chowdhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, M Concas, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, S Costanza, J Crkovská, P Crochet, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, H F Degenhardt, A Deisting, A Deloff, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, Y Ding, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, L V R Doremalen, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, S Dudi, A K Duggal, M Dukhishyam, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, G Eulisse, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, L Fabbietti, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, P Ganoti, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, K Garg, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M B Gay Ducati, M Germain, J Ghosh, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, L Greiner, A Grelli, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, J M Gronefeld, F Grosa, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, I B Guzman, R Haake, C Hadjidakis, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, M R Haque, J W Harris, A Harton, H Hassan, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, E G Hernandez, G Herrera Corral, F Herrmann, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, C Hills, B Hippolyte, B Hohlweger, D Horak, S Hornung, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, S A Iga Buitron, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, M Ippolitov, M S Islam, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, S Jadlovska, J Jadlovsky, S Jaelani, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, M Jercic, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, P Karczmarczyk, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, B Ketzer, Z Khabanova, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, A Khatun, A Khuntia, M M Kielbowicz, B Kileng, B Kim, D Kim, D J Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, M K Köhler, T Kollegger, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Konyushikhin, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, L Kreis, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, S Kundu, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, S Kushpil, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, C Lagana Fernandes, Y S Lai, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lavicka, R Lea, L Leardini, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, J Lehrbach, R C Lemmon, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, P Lévai, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, B Lim, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, S W Lindsay, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, V Litichevskyi, W J Llope, D F Lodato, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, P Loncar, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, J R Luhder, M Lunardon, G Luparello, M Lupi, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, Y Mao, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, P Martinengo, J A L Martinez, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, E Masson, A Mastroserio, A M Mathis, P F T Matuoka, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M Mazzilli, M A Mazzoni, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, S Mhlanga, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, D L Mihaylov, K Mikhaylov, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, A P Mohanty, B Mohanty, M Mohisin Khan, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, C J Myers, J W Myrcha, D Nag, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, A Narayan, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, R A Negrao De Oliveira, L Nellen, S V Nesbo, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, A Ohlson, T Okubo, L Olah, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, Y Pachmayer, V Pacik, D Pagano, G Paić, P Palni, J Pan, A K Pandey, S Panebianco, V Papikyan, P Pareek, J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, S P Pathak, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, L G Pereira, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, R P Pezzi, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, F Pliquett, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, V Pozdniakov, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, V Punin, J Putschke, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, D B Rana, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, V Ratza, I Ravasenga, K F Read, K Redlich, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, P S Rokita, F Ronchetti, E D Rosas, P Rosnet, A Rossi, A Rotondi, F Roukoutakis, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, O V Rueda, R Rui, B Rumyantsev, A Rustamov, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, S K Saha, B Sahlmuller, B Sahoo, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, A Sandoval, A Sarkar, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, M H P Sas, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, B Schaefer, H S Scheid, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M O Schmidt, M Schmidt, N V Schmidt, J Schukraft, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, P Sett, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, R Shahoyan, W Shaikh, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, S Shirinkin, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, S Silaeva, D Silvermyr, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, I Sputowska, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, D Stocco, M M Storetvedt, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, K Suzuki, S Swain, A Szabo, I Szarka, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, D Thakur, S Thakur, D Thomas, F Thoresen, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, M Toppi, S R Torres, S Tripathy, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, L Tropp, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, B A Trzeciak, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, E N Umaka, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, R Vértesi, L Vickovic, S Vigolo, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Voscek, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, S C Wenzel, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, G A Willems, M C S Williams, E Willsher, B Windelband, W E Witt, R Xu, S Yalcin, K Yamakawa, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, E Yun, V Yurchenko, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, A Zichichi, M B Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, J Zmeskal, S Zou
We report a precise measurement of the J/ψ elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The J/ψ mesons are reconstructed at midrapidity (|y|<0.9) in the dielectron decay channel and at forward rapidity (2.5<y<4.0) in the dimuon channel, both down to zero transverse momentum. At forward rapidity, the elliptic flow v_{2} of the J/ψ is studied as a function of the transverse momentum and centrality. A positive v_{2} is observed in the transverse momentum range 2<p_{T}<8  GeV/c in the three centrality classes studied and confirms with higher statistics our earlier results at sqrt[s_{NN}]=2...
December 15, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277074/analysis-of-19th-century-ceramic-fragments-excavated-from-piren%C3%A3-polis-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil-using-ft-ir-raman-xrf-and-sem
#3
Renato P Freitas, Filipe A Coelho, Valter S Felix, Marcelo O Pereira, Marcos André Torres de Souza, Marcelino J Anjos
This study used Raman, FT-IR and XRF spectroscopy and SEM to analyze ceramic fragments dating from the 19th century, excavated from an old farm in the municipality of Pirenópolis, Goiás, Brazil. The results show that the samples were produced in an open oven at a firing temperature below 500°C, using raw materials including kaolinite, hematite, magnetite, quartz, microcline, albite, anhydrite, calcite, illite, orthoclase and MnO2. Although the analyses showed similarities in the manufacturing process and the presence of many minerals was common in all samples, multivariate statistical methods (PCA) allowed a more detailed assessment of similarities and differences in the mineral composition of the samples...
December 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230055/impaired-path-integration-in-mice-with-disrupted-grid-cell-firing
#4
Mariana Gil, Mihai Ancau, Magdalene I Schlesiger, Angela Neitz, Kevin Allen, Rodrigo J De Marco, Hannah Monyer
Path integration (PI) is a highly conserved, self-motion-based navigation strategy. Since the discovery of grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex, neurophysiological data and computational models have suggested that these neurons serve PI. However, more direct empirical evidence supporting this hypothesis has been missing due to a lack of selective manipulations of grid cell activity and suitable behavioral assessments. Here we report that selective disruption of grid cell activity in mice can be achieved by removing NMDA glutamate receptors from the retro-hippocampal region and that disrupted grid cell firing accounts for impaired PI performance...
January 2018: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214033/lupus-related-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#5
Sasha Bernatsky, Héctor A Velásquez García, John J Spinelli, Patrick Gaffney, Karin E Smedby, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Sophia S Wang, Hans-Olov Adami, Demetrius Albanes, Emanuele Angelucci, Stephen M Ansell, Yan W Asmann, Nikolaus Becker, Yolanda Benavente, Sonja I Berndt, Kimberly A Bertrand, Brenda M Birmann, Heiner Boeing, Paolo Boffetta, Paige M Bracci, Paul Brennan, Angela R Brooks-Wilson, James R Cerhan, Stephen J Chanock, Jacqueline Clavel, Lucia Conde, Karen H Cotenbader, David G Cox, Wendy Cozen, Simon Crouch, Anneclaire J De Roos, Silvia de Sanjose, Simonetta Di Lollo, W Ryan Diver, Ahmet Dogan, Lenka Foretova, Hervé Ghesquières, Graham G Giles, Bengt Glimelius, Thomas M Habermann, Corinne Haioun, Patricia Hartge, Henrik Hjalgrim, Theodore R Holford, Elizabeth A Holly, Rebecca D Jackson, Rudolph Kaaks, Eleanor Kane, Rachel S Kelly, Robert J Klein, Peter Kraft, Anne Kricker, Qing Lan, Charles Lawrence, Mark Liebow, Tracy Lightfoot, Brian K Link, Marc Maynadie, James McKay, Mads Melbye, Thierry J Molina, Alain Monnereau, Lindsay M Morton, Alexandra Nieters, Kari E North, Anne J Novak, Kenneth Offit, Mark P Purdue, Marco Rais, Jacques Riby, Eve Roman, Nathaniel Rothman, Gilles Salles, Gianluca Severi, Richard K Severson, Christine F Skibola, Susan L Slager, Alex Smith, Martyn T Smith, Melissa C Southey, Anthony Staines, Lauren R Teras, Carrie A Thompson, Hervé Tilly, Lesley F Tinker, Anne Tjonneland, Jenny Turner, Claire M Vajdic, Roel C H Vermeulen, Joseph Vijai, Paolo Vineis, Jarmo Virtamo, Zhaoming Wang, Stephanie Weinstein, Thomas E Witzig, Andrew Zelenetz, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Yawei Zhang, Tongzhang Zheng, Mariagrazia Zucca, Ann E Clarke
Objective: Determinants of the increased risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in SLE are unclear. Using data from a recent lymphoma genome-wide association study (GWAS), we assessed whether certain lupus-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were also associated with DLBCL. Methods: GWAS data on European Caucasians from the International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium (InterLymph) provided a total of 3857 DLBCL cases and 7666 general-population controls...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191725/bonding-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-experiences-of-extremely-preterm-infants-mothers
#6
Isabel María Fernández Medina, José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Marcos Camacho Ávila, María Del Mar López Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: The birth of an extremely preterm infant can disrupt normal mother-infant physical contact and the care provided by the mother. This situation has an impact on the process of bonding between the mother and the child. AIM: The objective of this study was to describe and understand the experiences of mothers who have extremely preterm infants admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Units with regard to their bonding process. METHODS: An interpretive, qualitative research methodology using Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics was carried out...
November 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191288/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-sports-performance-enhancement-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marcelo B Botelho, Bruno A P Alvarenga, Nícolly Molina, Marcos Ribas, Abrahão F Baptista
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the literature regarding the relationship between spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and sports performance. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched for original studies published up to July 2016. Inclusion criteria were if SMT has been applied to athletes and if any sports performance-related outcome was measured. RESULTS: Of the 581 potential studies, 7 clinical trials were selected...
September 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177929/structure-and-dynamics-of-mesophilic-variants-from-the-homing-endonuclease-i-dmoi
#8
Josephine Alba, Maria Jose Marcaida, Jesus Prieto, Guillermo Montoya, Rafael Molina, Marco D'Abramo
I-DmoI, from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Desulfurococcus mobilis, belongs to the LAGLIDADG homing endonuclease protein family. Its members are highly specific enzymes capable of recognizing long DNA target sequences, thus providing potential tools for genome manipulation. Working towards this particular application, many efforts have been made to generate mesophilic variants of I-DmoI that function at lower temperatures than the wild-type. Here, we report a structural and computational analysis of two I-DmoI mesophilic mutants...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176868/a-century-of-changing-flows-forest-management-changed-flow-magnitudes-and-warming-advanced-the-timing-of-flow-in-a-southwestern-us-river
#9
Marcos D Robles, Dale S Turner, Jeanmarie A Haney
The continued provision of water from rivers in the southwestern United States to downstream cities, natural communities and species is at risk due to higher temperatures and drought conditions in recent decades. Snowpack and snowfall levels have declined, snowmelt and peak spring flows are arriving earlier, and summer flows have declined. Concurrent to climate change and variation, a century of fire suppression has resulted in dramatic changes to forest conditions, and yet, few studies have focused on determining the degree to which changing forests have altered flows...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173343/multifaceted-processes-controlling-the-distribution-of-hazardous-compounds-in-the-spontaneous-combustion-of-coal-and-the-effect-of-these-compounds-on-human-health
#10
Marcos L S Oliveira, Kátia da Boit, Fernanda Pacheco, Elba C Teixeira, Ismael L Schneider, Tito J Crissien, Diana C Pinto, Rafael M Oyaga, Luis F O Silva
Pollution generated by hazardous elements and persistent organic compounds that affect coal fire is a major environmental concern because of its toxic nature, persistence, and potential risk to human health. The coal mining activities are growing in the state of Santa Catarina in Brazil, thus the collateral impacts on the health and economy are yet to be analyzed. In addition, the environment is also enduring the collateral damage as the waste materials directly influence the coal by-products applied in civil constructions...
January 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167350/safinamide-differentially-modulates-in-vivo-glutamate-and-gaba-release-in-the-rat-hippocampus-and-basal-ganglia
#11
Michele Morari, Alberto Brugnoli, Clarissa Anna Pisano, Salvatore Novello, Carla Caccia, Elsa Melloni, Gloria Padoani, Silvia Vailati, Marco Sardina
Safinamide has been recently approved as add-on to levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease. In addition to inhibiting monoamine oxidase-type B, it also blocks sodium channels and modulates glutamate release in vitro. Since this property might contribute to the therapeutic action of the drug, we undertook the present study to investigate whether safinamide inhibits glutamate release also in vivo, and whether this effect is consistent across different brain areas and is selective for glutamatergic neurons. To this aim, in vivo microdialysis was used to monitor the spontaneous and veratridine-induced glutamate and GABA release in the hippocampus and basal ganglia of naive, awake rats...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164068/comparative-pan-genome-analysis-of-piscirickettsia-salmonis-reveals-genomic-divergences-within-genogroups
#12
Guillermo Nourdin-Galindo, Patricio Sánchez, Cristian F Molina, Daniela A Espinoza-Rojas, Cristian Oliver, Pamela Ruiz, Luis Vargas-Chacoff, Juan G Cárcamo, Jaime E Figueroa, Marcos Mancilla, Vinicius Maracaja-Coutinho, Alejandro J Yañez
Piscirickettsia salmonis is the etiological agent of salmonid rickettsial septicemia, a disease that seriously affects the salmonid industry. Despite efforts to genomically characterize P. salmonis, functional information on the life cycle, pathogenesis mechanisms, diagnosis, treatment, and control of this fish pathogen remain lacking. To address this knowledge gap, the present study conducted an in silico pan-genome analysis of 19 P. salmonis strains from distinct geographic locations and genogroups. Results revealed an expected open pan-genome of 3,463 genes and a core-genome of 1,732 genes...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146860/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-novel-nonnodulating-rhizobium-species-isolated-from-agave-americana-l-rhizosphere
#13
Víctor Manuel Ruíz-Valdiviezo, Marco Antonio Rogel-Hernandez, Gabriela Guerrero, Clara Ivette Rincón-Molina, Luis Galdino García-Perez, Federico Antonio Gutiérrez-Miceli, Juan José Villalobos-Maldonado, Aline López-López, Esperanza Martinez-Romero, Reiner Rincón-Rosales
We report here the complete genome sequence of Rhizobium sp. strain ACO-34A, isolated from Agave americana L. rhizosphere. No common nod genes were found, but there were nif genes for nitrogen fixing. A low average nucleotide identity to reported species supports its designation as a novel Rhizobium species that has a complete ribosomal operon in a plasmid.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141910/munc13-proteins-control-regulated-exocytosis-in-mast-cells
#14
Elsa M Rodarte, Marco A Ramos, Alfredo J Davalos, Daniel C Moreira, David S Moreno, Eduardo I Cardenas, Alejandro I Rodarte, Youlia Petrova, Sofia Molina, Luis E Rendon, Elizabeth Sanchez, Keegan Breaux, Alejandro Tortoriello, John Manllo, Erika A Gonzalez, Michael J Tuvim, Burton F Dickey, Alan R Burns, Ruth Heidelberger, Roberto Adachi
Mast cells (MCs) are involved in host defenses against pathogen and inflammation. Stimulated MCs release substances stored in their granules via regulated exocytosis. In other cell types, Munc13 (mammalian homolog of C. elegans uncoordinated gene 13) proteins play essential roles in regulated exocytosis. Here, we found that MCs express Munc13-2 and -4, and studied their roles using global and conditional knockout (KO) mice. In a model of systemic anaphylaxis, we found no difference between WT and Munc13-2 KO mice, but global and MC-specific Munc13-4 KO mice developed less hypothermia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132085/how-clear-cutting-affects-fire-severity-and-soil-properties-in-a-mediterranean-ecosystem
#15
Marcos Francos, Paulo Pereira, Jorge Mataix-Solera, Victoria Arcenegui, Meritxell Alcañiz, Xavier Úbeda
Forest management practices in Mediterranean ecosystems are frequently employed to reduce both the risk and severity of wildfires. However, these pre-fire treatments may influence the effects of wildfire events on soil properties. The aim of this study is to examine the short-term effects of a wildfire that broke out in 2015 on the soil properties of three sites: two exposed to management practices in different years - 2005 (site M05B) and 2015 (site M15B) - and one that did not undergo any management (NMB) and to compare their properties with those recorded in a plot (Control) unaffected by the 2015 wildfire...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120676/glutamine-protection-in-an-experimental-model-of-acetaminophen-nephrotoxicity
#16
Marco Brovedan, Sara María Molinas, Gerardo Pisani, Liliana Alicia Monasterolo, Laura Trumper
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely prescribed analgesic - antipyretic drug. In the present work we studied the effects of glutamine (Gln) in an "in vivo" model of APAP-induced nephrotoxicity in male Wistar rats. Renal function, histological characteristics and Na+, K+ ATPase cortical abundance and distribution were analyzed. The appearance of HSP70 and actin in urine were also evaluated. Mieloperoxidase activity in cortical tissue was measured as an index of the inflammatory response. Gln administration 30 min before APAP protected from the renal functional and histological damage promoted by APAP...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059325/dormant-origins-and-fork-protection-mechanisms-rescue-sister-forks-arrested-by-transcription
#17
Alessandra Brambati, Luca Zardoni, Yathish Jagadheesh Achar, Daniele Piccini, Lorenzo Galanti, Arianna Colosio, Marco Foiani, Giordano Liberi
The yeast RNA/DNA helicase Sen1, Senataxin in human, preserves the integrity of replication forks encountering transcription by removing RNA-DNA hybrids. Here we show that, in sen1 mutants, when a replication fork clashes head-on with transcription is arrested and, as a consequence, the progression of the sister fork moving in the opposite direction within the same replicon is also impaired. Therefore, sister forks remain coupled when one of the two forks is arrested by transcription, a fate different from that experienced by forks encountering Double Strand Breaks...
October 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039817/replacing-nitrogen-by-sulfur-from-structurally-disordered-eumelanins-to-regioregular-thiomelanin-polymers
#18
Mariagrazia Iacomino, Juan Mancebo-Aracil, Mireia Guardingo, Raquel Martín, Gerardino D'Errico, Marco Perfetti, Paola Manini, Orlando Crescenzi, Félix Busqué, Alessandra Napolitano, Marco d'Ischia, Josep Sedó, Daniel Ruiz-Molina
The oxidative polymerization of 5,6-dihydroxybenzothiophene (DHBT), the sulfur analog of the key eumelanin building block 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI), was investigated to probe the role of nitrogen in eumelanin build-up and properties. Unlike DHI, which gives a typical black insoluble eumelanin polymer on oxidation, DHBT is converted to a grayish amorphous solid (referred to as thiomelanin) with visible absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance properties different from those of DHI melanin. Mass spectrometry experiments revealed gradational mixtures of oligomers up to the decamer level...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026661/tenth-case-of-bilateral-hemifacial-spasm-treated-by-microvascular-decompression-review-of-the-pathophysiology
#19
REVIEW
Warley Carvalho da Silva Martins, Lucas Alverne Freitas de Albuquerque, Gervásio Teles Cardoso de Carvalho, Jules Carlos Dourado, Marcos Dellaretti, Atos Alves de Sousa
BACKGROUND: Bilateral hemifacial spasm (BHFS) is a rare neurological syndrome whose diagnosis depends on excluding other facial dyskinesias. We present a case of BHFS along with a literature review. METHODS: A 64-year-old white, hypertense male reported involuntary left hemiface contractions in 2001 (aged 50). In 2007, right hemifacial symptoms appeared, without spasm remission during sleep. Botulinum toxin type A application produced partial temporary improvement...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992493/long-term-impact-of-wildfire-on-soils-exposed-to-different-fire-severities-a-case-study-in-cadiretes-massif-ne-iberian-peninsula
#20
Marcos Francos, Xavier Úbeda, Paulo Pereira, Meritxell Alcañiz
Wildfires affect ecosystems depending on the fire regime. Long-term studies are needed to understand the ecological role played by fire, especially as regards its impact on soils. The aim of this study is to monitor the long-term effects (18years) of a wildfire on soil properties in two areas affected by low and high fire severity regimes. The properties studied were total nitrogen (TN), total carbon (TC), C/N ratio, soil organic matter (SOM) and extractable calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na) and potassium (K)...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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