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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607999/aerobiology-in-the-international-journal-of-biometeorology-1957-2017
#1
EDITORIAL
Paul J Beggs, Branko Šikoparija, Matt Smith
Aerobiology and biometeorology are related fields. Here we provide a broad review of aerobiology articles published in the International Journal of Biometeorology (IJB) over the past 60 years. We consider how the quantity of such work has varied over this period as well as which regions and countries have been the focus of such work, and where there is a relative paucity. We then focus on a number of highlights and themes in this research, including aerobiology and climate change and aerobiological modelling and forecasting...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481257/characterisation-of-arctic-bacterial-communities-in-the-air-above-svalbard
#2
Lewis Cuthbertson, Herminia Amores-Arrocha, Lucie A Malard, Nora Els, Birgit Sattler, David A Pearce
Atmospheric dispersal of bacteria is increasingly acknowledged as an important factor influencing bacterial community biodiversity, biogeography and bacteria-human interactions, including those linked to human health. However, knowledge about patterns in microbial aerobiology is still relatively scarce, and this can be attributed, in part, to a lack of consensus on appropriate sampling and analytical methodology. In this study, three different methods were used to investigate aerial biodiversity over Svalbard: impaction, membrane filtration and drop plates...
May 6, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480855/plant-aeroallergens-in-two-major-cities-of-georgia-tbilisi-and-kutaisi
#3
T Abramidze, M Gotua, N Chikhelidze, T Cheishvili, A Gamkrelidze
Pollen allergy is caused by a hypersensitivity reaction mainly of the respiratory tract and eye conjunctivae to pollen grains. The number of people allergic to plant aeroallergens has substantially increased in big cities and industrial areas. The monitoring of aerobiological parameters is of paramount importance for the characterization of allergenic risks. The aims of presented study were as follows: to profile the plant aeroallergens in two major cities of Georgia, to compare the character of pollination curves, to determine the dates of beginning of pollen seasons and their duration in particular cities...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455334/validation-of-the-hirst-type-spore-trap-for-simultaneous-monitoring-of-prokaryotic-and-eukaryotic-biodiversity-in-urban-air-samples-by-ngs
#4
Andrés Núñez, Guillermo Amo de Paz, Zuzana Ferencova, Alberto Rastrojo, Raúl Guantes, Ana M García, Antonio Alcamí, A Montserrat Gutiérrez-Bustillo, Diego A Moreno
Pollen, fungi and bacteria are the main microscopic biological entities present in the air outdoor causing allergy symptoms, disease transmission and having a significant role in atmosphere dynamics. Despite their relevance, a method for monitoring simultaneously these biological particles in metropolitan environments has not been developed yet. Here, we assessed the use of the Hirst-type spore trap to characterize the global airborne biota by high-throughput DNA sequencing, selecting regions of the genes 16S ribosomal RNA gene and internal transcribed spacer for the taxonomic assignment...
April 28, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437767/building-integrated-agriculture-a-first-assessment-of-aerobiological-air-quality-in-rooftop-greenhouses-i-rtgs
#5
Mireia Ercilla-Montserrat, Rebeca Izquierdo, Jordina Belmonte, Juan Ignacio Montero, Pere Muñoz, Concepción De Linares, Joan Rieradevall
Building-integrated rooftop greenhouse (i-RTG) agriculture has intensified in recent years, due to the growing interest in the development of new agricultural spaces and in the promotion of food self-sufficiency in urban areas. This paper provides a first assessment of the indoor dynamics of bioaerosols in an i-RTG, with the aim of evaluating biological air quality in a tomato greenhouse near Barcelona. It evaluates the greenhouse workers' exposure to airborne pollen and fungal spores in order to prevent allergy problems associated with occupational tasks...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360459/correlation-of-pollen-counts-and-number-of-hospital-visits-of-asthmatic-and-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#6
Nishtha Singh, Udaiveer Singh, Dimple Singh, Mangal Daya, Virendra Singh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental pollens are known to cause exacerbation of symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma. During pollen months, number of patients visiting hospital has been shown to increase in some studies. However, in India, such studies are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to study pollen counts and to find its correlation with number of new patients attending Asthma Bhawan for 2 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerobiological sampling was done using Burkard 24 h spore trap system...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337390/an-rbcl-reference-library-to-aid-in-the-identification-of-plant-species-mixtures-by-dna-metabarcoding
#7
Karen L Bell, Virginia M Loeffler, Berry J Brosi
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: DNA metabarcoding has broad-ranging applications in ecology, aerobiology, biosecurity, and forensics. A bioinformatics pipeline has recently been published for identification using a comprehensive database of ITS2, one of the common plant DNA barcoding markers. There is, however, no corresponding database for rbcL, the other primary marker used in plants. METHODS: Using publicly available data, we compiled a reference library of rbcL sequences and trained databases for use with UTAX and RDP classifier algorithms...
March 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188712/-viable-allergenic-fungi-in-a-documentary-deposit-of-the-national-archive-of-cuba
#8
Alian Molina-Veloso, Sofía F Borrego-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Intense and persistent exposure to indoor-air biological agents has been associated with the appearance of allergic diseases. Archives and libraries Indoor environments in tropical countries are an important reservoir of fungal propagules. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of air pollution with allergenic fungi in a repository of frequently-manipulated documents. METHODS: Air sampling was performed by two methods: active (biocollector) and passive (sedimentation plate)...
January 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169023/pollen-concentrations-and-prevalence-of-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-italy-evidence-from-the-geird-study
#9
Pierpaolo Marchetti, Giancarlo Pesce, Simona Villani, Leonardo Antonicelli, Renato Ariano, Francesco Attena, Roberto Bono, Valeria Bellisario, Alessandro Fois, Nadia Gibelli, Morena Nicolis, Mario Olivieri, Pietro Pirina, Eugenio Scopano, Consolata Siniscalco, Giuseppe Verlato, Alessandro Marcon
BACKGROUND: Pollen exposure has acute adverse effects on sensitized individuals. Information on the prevalence of respiratory diseases in areas with different pollen concentrations is scanty. AIM: We performed an ecologic analysis to assess whether the prevalence of allergic rhinitis and asthma in young adults varied across areas with different pollen concentrations in Italy. METHODS: A questionnaire on respiratory diseases was delivered to random samples of 20-44year-old subjects from six centers in 2005-2010...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145619/reproductive-biology-and-pollination-ecology-of-triplaris-gardneriana-polygonaceae-a-case-of-ambophily-in-the-brazilian-chaco
#10
T Custodio, P Comtois, A C Araujo
Triplaris gardneriana (Polygonaceae) is a dioecious pioneer tree reported as insect-pollinated, despite possessing traits related to anemophily. Here, we analyse the possible roles of insects and wind on the pollination of this species to establish whether the species is ambophilous. We carried out observations of floral biology, as well as on the frequency and behaviour of pollinators visiting flowers in a population of T. gardneriana in the Chaco vegetation of Brazil. We conducted experimental pollinations to determine the maternal fertility of female plants and whether they were pollen-limited, and we also conducted aerobiological experiments to provide evidence of how environmental factors influence atmospheric pollen dispersal...
February 1, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132776/relationships-between-airborne-pollen-grains-wind-direction-and-land-cover-using-gis-and-circular-statistics
#11
J M Maya-Manzano, M Sadyś, R Tormo-Molina, S Fernández-Rodríguez, J Oteros, I Silva-Palacios, A Gonzalo-Garijo
Airborne bio-aerosol content (mainly pollen and spores) depends on the surrounding vegetation and weather conditions, particularly wind direction. In order to understand this issue, maps of the main land cover in influence areas of 10km in radius surrounding pollen traps were created. Atmospheric content of the most abundant 14 pollen types was analysed in relation to the predominant wind directions measured in three localities of SW of Iberian Peninsula, from March 2011 to March 2014. Three Hirst type traps were used for aerobiological monitoring...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122685/aerobiological-importance-and-allergic-sensitization-to-amaranthaceae-under-arid-climate-conditions
#12
Belén Elvira-Rendueles, Juan J Zapata, Juan C Miralles, José M Moreno, Antonio García-Sánchez, Luis Negral, Stella Moreno-Grau
Species of the Amaranthaceae family are abundant in the Southeast of Spain, one of the driest areas in Europe. The Amaranthaceae include species of interest from the point of view of allergic diseases. With the expansion of aridity, many species belonging to this family will be favoured. The objectives of this study were: first, to define the prevalence of sensitization to Amaranthaceae pollen in allergic patients in the Southeast of Spain; second, to present the aerobiological features of this taxon; and, finally, to demarcate those periods of increased risk of suffering allergic symptoms with the aim of improving the diagnosis and prevention of hay fever...
January 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072853/terrestrial-macrofungal-diversity-from-the-tropical-dry-evergreen-biome-of-southern-india-and-its-potential-role-in-aerobiology
#13
Hema Priyamvada, M Akila, Raj Kamal Singh, R Ravikrishna, R S Verma, Ligy Philip, R R Marathe, L K Sahu, K P Sudheer, S S Gunthe
Macrofungi have long been investigated for various scientific purposes including their food and medicinal characteristics. Their role in aerobiology as a fraction of the primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs), however, has been poorly studied. In this study, we present a source of macrofungi with two different but interdependent objectives: (i) to characterize the macrofungi from a tropical dry evergreen biome in southern India using advanced molecular techniques to enrich the database from this region, and (ii) to assess whether identified species of macrofungi are a potential source of atmospheric PBAPs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056956/effectiveness-of-regionally-specific-immunotherapy-for-the-management-of-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#14
Jon D Plant, Moni B Neradilek
BACKGROUND: Canine atopic dermatitis is a common pruritic skin disease often treated with allergen immunotherapy (AIT). AIT in dogs traditionally begins with attempting to identify clinically relevant environmental allergens. Current allergen testing methodologies and immunotherapy techniques in dogs are not standardized. Immunotherapy with a mixture of allergenic extracts selected based on regional aerobiology rather than intradermal tests or serum IgE assays has been described. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of regionally-specific immunotherapy in dogs with atopic dermatitis...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929423/plant-responses-to-climate-change-the-case-study-of-betulaceae-and-poaceae-pollen-seasons-northern-italy-vignola-emilia-romagna
#15
Anna Maria Mercuri, Paola Torri, Rita Fornaciari, Assunta Florenzano
Aerobiological data have especially demonstrated that there is correlation between climate warming and the pollination season of plants. This paper focuses on airborne pollen monitoring of Betulaceae and Poaceae, two of the main plant groups with anemophilous pollen and allergenic proprieties in Northern Italy. The aim is to investigate plant responses to temperature variations by considering long-term pollen series. The 15-year aerobiological analysis is reported from the monitoring station of Vignola (located near Modena, in the Emilia-Romagna region) that had operated in the years 1990-2004 with a Hirst spore trap...
December 6, 2016: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927870/insidious-risk-of-severe-mycobacterium-chimaera-infection-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#16
Meera Chand, Theresa Lamagni, Katharina Kranzer, Jessica Hedge, Ginny Moore, Simon Parks, Samuel Collins, Carlos Del Ojo Elias, Nada Ahmed, Tim Brown, E Grace Smith, Peter Hoffman, Peter Kirwan, Brendan Mason, Alison Smith-Palmer, Philip Veal, Maeve K Lalor, Allan Bennett, James Walker, Alicia Yeap, Antonio Isidro Carrion Martin, Gayle Dolan, Sonia Bhatt, Andrew Skingsley, André Charlett, David Pearce, Katherine Russell, Simon Kendall, Andrew A Klein, Stephen Robins, Silke Schelenz, William Newsholme, Stephanie Thomas, Tim Collyns, Eleri Davies, Jim McMenamin, Lorraine Doherty, Tim E A Peto, Derrick Crook, Maria Zambon, Nick Phin
BACKGROUND: An urgent UK investigation was launched to assess risk of invasive Mycobacterium chimaera infection in cardiothoracic surgery and a possible association with cardiopulmonary bypass heater-cooler units following alerts in Switzerland and The Netherlands. METHODS: Parallel investigations were pursued: (1) identification of cardiopulmonary bypass-associated M. chimaera infection through national laboratory and hospital admissions data linkage; (2) cohort study to assess patient risk; (3) microbiological and aerobiological investigations of heater-coolers in situ and under controlled laboratory conditions; and (4) whole-genome sequencing of clinical and environmental isolates...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874202/defining-pollen-exposure-times-for-clinical-trials-of-allergen-immunotherapy-for-pollen-induced-rhinoconjunctivitis-an-eaaci-position-paper
#17
O Pfaar, K Bastl, U Berger, J Buters, M A Calderon, B Clot, U Darsow, P Demoly, S R Durham, C Galán, R Gehrig, R Gerth van Wijk, L Jacobsen, L Klimek, M Sofiev, M Thibaudon, K C Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Clinical efficacy of pollen allergen immunotherapy (AIT) has been broadly documented in randomized controlled trials. The underlying clinical endpoints are analysed in seasonal time periods predefined based on the background pollen concentration. However, any validated or generally accepted definition from academia or regulatory authorities for this relevant pollen exposure intensity or period of time (season) is currently not available. Therefore, this Task Force initiative of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) aimed to propose definitions based on expert consensus...
November 22, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856057/mapping-the-birch-and-grass-pollen-seasons-in-the-uk-using-satellite-sensor-time-series
#18
Nabaz R Khwarahm, Jadunandan Dash, C A Skjøth, R M Newnham, B Adams-Groom, K Head, Eric Caulton, Peter M Atkinson
Grass and birch pollen are two major causes of seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) in the UK and parts of Europe affecting around 15-20% of the population. Current prediction of these allergens in the UK is based on (i) measurements of pollen concentrations at a limited number of monitoring stations across the country and (ii) general information about the phenological status of the vegetation. Thus, the current prediction methodology provides information at a coarse spatial resolution only. Most station-based approaches take into account only local observations of flowering, while only a small number of approaches take into account remote observations of land surface phenology...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768036/safety-precautions-and-operating-procedures-in-an-a-bsl-4-laboratory-3-aerobiology
#19
J Kyle Bohannon, Krisztina Janosko, Michael R Holbrook, Jason Barr, Daniela Pusl, Laura Bollinger, Linda Coe, Lisa E Hensley, Peter B Jahrling, Jiro Wada, Jens H Kuhn, Matthew G Lackemeyer
Aerosol or inhalational studies of high-consequence pathogens have recently been increasing in number due to the perceived threat of intentional aerosol releases or unexpected natural aerosol transmission. Specific laboratories designed to perform these experiments require tremendous engineering controls to provide a safe and secure working environment and constant systems maintenance to sustain functionality. Class III biosafety cabinets, also referred to as gloveboxes, are gas-tight enclosures with non-opening windows...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761736/the-medical-and-scientific-responsibility-of-pollen-information-services
#20
Katharina Bastl, Markus Berger, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Maximilian Kmenta, Uwe Berger
Pollen information as such is highly valuable and was considered so far as a self-evident good free for the public. The foundation for reliable and serious pollen information is the careful, scientific evaluation of pollen content in the air. However, it is essential to state and define now the requirements for pollen data and qualifications needed for institutions working with pollen data in the light of technical developments such as automated pollen counting and various political interests in aerobiology including attempts to finally acknowledge pollen and spores as relevant biological particles in the air worth being considered for pollution and health directives...
January 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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