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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933356/-injury-to-the-upper-limbs-and-prevention-in-equestrian-sports
#1
C Schröter, M Bielefeld, D Bielefeld, C Macke, C Winkelmann, P Mommsen, C Krettek, C Zeckey
The upper limb is one of the most frequently injured body regions in equestrian sports, but it is unclear which injuries are involved, and there are no data on the associated accident mechanism. The present study is aimed at evaluating the accident mechanisms, injuries of the upper limbs, and the circumstances of the accident in equestrian sports. We included 218 patients who were all treated between 2006 and 2014 at the level I trauma center at the Medical University in Hannover because of equestrian-related accidents...
December 8, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932937/effect-of-electrolyzed-high-ph-alkaline-water-on-blood-viscosity-in-healthy-adults
#2
Joseph Weidman, Ralph E Holsworth, Bradley Brossman, Daniel J Cho, John St Cyr, Gregory Fridman
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown fluid replacement beverages ingested after exercise can affect hydration biomarkers. No specific hydration marker is universally accepted as an ideal rehydration parameter following strenuous exercise. Currently, changes in body mass are used as a parameter during post-exercise hydration. Additional parameters are needed to fully appreciate and better understand rehydration following strenuous exercise. This randomized, double-blind, parallel-arm trial assessed the effect of high-pH water on four biomarkers after exercise-induced dehydration...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931051/validity-of-a-jump-mat-for-assessing-countermovement-jump-performance-in-elite-rugby-players
#3
N Dobbin, R Hunwicks, J Highton, C Twist
This study determined the validity of the Just Jump System(®) (JJS) for measuring flight time, jump height and peak power output (PPO) in elite rugby league players. 37 elite rugby league players performed 6 countermovement jumps (CMJ; 3 with and 3 without arms) on a jump mat and force platform. A sub-sample (n=28) was used to cross-validate the equations for flight time, jump height and PPO. The JJS systematically overestimated flight time and jump height compared to the force platform (P<0.05), but demonstrated strong associations for flight time (with R(2)=0...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930697/early-antenatal-prediction-of-gestational-diabetes-in-obese-women-development-of-prediction-tools-for-targeted-intervention
#4
Sara L White, Debbie A Lawlor, Annette L Briley, Keith M Godfrey, Scott M Nelson, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Stephen C Robson, Naveed Sattar, Paul T Seed, Matias C Vieira, Paul Welsh, Melissa Whitworth, Lucilla Poston, Dharmintra Pasupathy
All obese women are categorised as being of equally high risk of gestational diabetes (GDM) whereas the majority do not develop the disorder. Lifestyle and pharmacological interventions in unselected obese pregnant women have been unsuccessful in preventing GDM. Our aim was to develop a prediction tool for early identification of obese women at high risk of GDM to facilitate targeted interventions in those most likely to benefit. Clinical and anthropometric data and non-fasting blood samples were obtained at 15+0-18+6 weeks' gestation in 1303 obese pregnant women from UPBEAT, a randomised controlled trial of a behavioural intervention...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928207/the-agt-gene-m235t-polymorphism-and-response-of-power-related-variables-to-aerobic-training
#5
Zarębska Aleksandra, Jastrzębski Zbigniew, Moska Waldemar, Leońska-Duniec Agata, Kaczmarczyk Mariusz, Sawczuk Marek, Maciejewska-Skrendo Agnieszka, Żmijewski Piotr, Ficek Krzysztof, Trybek Grzegorz, Lulińska-Kuklik Ewelina, Ekaterina A Semenova, Ildus I Ahmetov, Cięszczyk Paweł
The C allele of the M235T (rs699) polymorphism of the AGT gene correlates with higher levels of angiotensin II and has been associated with power and strength sport performance. The aim of the study was to investigate whether or not selected power-related variables and their response to a 12-week program of aerobic dance training are modulated by the AGT M235T genotype in healthy participants. Two hundred and one Polish Caucasian women aged 21 ± 1 years met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928094/seroconversion-to-causes-of-febrile-illness-in-mongolian-peacekeepers-deployed-to-south-sudan
#6
Altangerel Enkhtsetseg, Rendoo Davadoorj, Stefan Fernandez, Duangrat Mongkolsirichaikul, Damdin Altantuul, Erdene Elbegdorj, Lkhagvasuren Ganchimeg, Samuel L Yingst
Immediately before deployment (Fall 2012) and after deployment (Spring 2013) in support of United Nations peacekeeping operations, Mongolian Armed Forces medical personnel obtained serum samples from the first contingent of Mongolian peacekeepers deploying to South Sudan to monitor serologic evidence of exposure to diseases that cause acute febrile illness. A total of 632 paired samples were tested for IgG antibody for the following (number of seroconversions in parentheses): Rickettsia (spotted fever and typhus groups) (25), West Nile fever virus (WNV) (23), Coxiella burnetii (causative agent of Q fever) (12), dengue virus (8), leptospirosis (6), chikungunya virus (0), Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever virus (0), Japanese encephalitis virus (0), and Rift Valley fever virus (0)...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927940/diagnostic-value-of-sonography-in-treatment-naive-chronic-inflammatory-neuropathies
#7
H Stephan Goedee, W Ludo van der Pol, Jan-Thies H van Asseldonk, Hessel Franssen, Nicolette C Notermans, Alexander J F E Vrancken, Michael A van Es, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Leo H Visser, Leonard H van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic value of high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) for detection of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS), and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). METHODS: Between January 2013 and January 2015, we enrolled 75 consecutive treatment-naive patients with chronic inflammatory neuropathies and 70 disease controls. We performed extensive nerve conduction and standardized HRUS studies bilaterally of large arm and leg nerves and brachial plexus...
December 7, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927658/aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-red-blood-cell-transfusion-and-outcome-sahara-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#8
Shane W English, D Fergusson, M Chassé, A F Turgeon, F Lauzier, D Griesdale, A Algird, A Kramer, A Tinmouth, C Lum, J Sinclair, S Marshall, D Dowlatshahi, A Boutin, G Pagliarello, L A McIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is common in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) and is a potential critical modifiable factor affecting secondary injury. Despite physiological evidence and management guidelines that support maintaining a higher haemoglobin level in patients with aSAH, current practice is one of a more restrictive approach to transfusion. The goal of this multicentre pilot trial is to determine the feasibility of successfully conducting a red blood cell (RBC) transfusion trial in adult patients with acute aSAH and anaemia (Hb ≤100 g/L), comparing a liberal transfusion strategy (Hb ≤100 g/L) with a restrictive strategy (Hb ≤80 g/L) on the combined rate of death and severe disability at 12 months...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927022/explicit-motor-sequence-learning-with-the-paretic-arm-after-stroke
#9
Melanie K Fleming, Di J Newham, John C Rothwell
PURPOSE: Motor sequence learning is important for stroke recovery, but experimental tasks require dexterous movements, which are impossible for people with upper limb impairment. This makes it difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of stroke on learning motor sequences. We aimed to test a paradigm requiring gross arm movements to determine whether stroke survivors with upper limb impairment were capable of learning a movement sequence as effectively as age-matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 12 stroke survivors (10-138 months post-stroke, mean age 64 years) attempted the task once using their affected arm...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926593/cost-effectiveness-of-direct-acting-anti-viral-treatment-in-hepatitis-c-infected-liver-transplant-candidates-with-compensated-cirrhosis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
James Salazar, Varun Saxena, James G Kahn, John P Roberts, Neil Mehta, Michael Volk, Jennifer C Lai
BACKGROUND: HCV(+) donors represent an effective strategy to increase liver donor availability to HCV-infected recipients. However, many HCV(+) transplant candidates are now receiving treatment with direct acting anti-virals (DAA) that lower the risk of posttransplant HCV recurrence but could make the patient ineligible for HCV(+) livers. METHODS: We compared pretransplant DAA treatment versus deferred DAA treatment using a cost-effectiveness decision analysis model to estimate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs; cost per quality-adjusted life year [QALY] gained) from the societal perspective across a range of HCV(+) liver availability rates...
December 6, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924459/patient-reported-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-with-sunitinib-versus-placebo-for-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-results-from-an-international-phase-iii-trial
#11
Aaron Vinik, Andrew Bottomley, Beata Korytowsky, Yung-Jue Bang, Jean-Luc Raoul, Juan W Valle, Peter Metrakos, Dieter Hörsch, Rajiv Mundayat, Arlene Reisman, Zhixiao Wang, Richard C Chao, Eric Raymond
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to compare patient-reported outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a pivotal phase III trial of sunitinib versus placebo in patients with progressive, well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NCT00428597). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received sunitinib 37.5 mg (n = 86) or placebo (n = 85) on a continuous daily-dosing schedule until disease progression, unacceptable adverse events (AEs), or death...
December 6, 2016: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923554/commentary-on-pre-operative-simulation-of-the-appropriate-c-arm-position-using-computed-tomography-post-processing-software-reduces-radiation-and-contrast-medium-exposure-during-evar-procedures
#12
S K Kakkos, I A Tsolakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923390/the-rapid-ctca-trial-rapid-assessment-of-potential-ischaemic-heart-disease-with-ctca-a-multicentre-parallel-group-randomised-trial-to-compare-early-computerised-tomography-coronary-angiography-versus-standard-care-in-patients-presenting-with-suspected-or-confirmed
#13
Alasdair J Gray, Carl Roobottom, Jason E Smith, Steve Goodacre, Katherine Oatey, Rachel O'Brien, Robert F Storey, Lumine Na, Steff C Lewis, Praveen Thokala, David E Newby
BACKGROUND: Emergency department attendances with chest pain requiring assessment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are a major global health issue. Standard assessment includes history, examination, electrocardiogram (ECG) and serial troponin testing. Computerised tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) enables additional anatomical assessment of patients for coronary artery disease (CAD) but has only been studied in very low-risk patients. This trial aims to investigate the effect of early CTCA upon interventions, event rates and health care costs in patients with suspected/confirmed ACS who are at intermediate risk...
December 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921302/the-role-of-embryo-movement-in-the-development-of-the-furcula
#14
A S Pollard, S Boyd, I M McGonnell, A A Pitsillides
The pectoral girdle is a complex structure which varies in its morphology between species. A major component in birds is the furcula, which can be considered equivalent to a fusion of the paired clavicles found in many mammals, and the single interclavicle found in many reptiles. These elements are a remnant of the dermal skeleton and the only intramembranous bones in the trunk. Postnatally, the furcula plays important mechanical roles by stabilising the shoulder joint and acting as a mechanical spring during flight...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921276/relationship-between-physician-adjudicated-adverse-events-and-patient-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial-nct01143402-of-patients-with-metastatic-uveal-melanoma
#15
Thomas M Atkinson, Jennifer L Hay, Alexander Shoushtari, Yuelin Li, Daniel J Paucar, Sloane C Smith, Ragini R Kudchadkar, Austin Doyle, Jeffrey A Sosman, Jorge Fernando Quevedo, Mohammed M Milhem, Anthony M Joshua, Gerald P Linette, Thomas F Gajewski, Jose Lutzky, David H Lawson, Christopher D Lao, Patrick J Flynn, Mark R Albertini, Takami Sato, Karl Lewis, Brian Marr, David H Abramson, Mark Andrew Dickson, Gary K Schwartz, Richard D Carvajal
PURPOSE: Clinical trials commonly use physician-adjudicated adverse event (AE) assessment via the common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) for decision-making. Patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data are becoming more frequent in oncology; however, the relationship between physician-adjudicated AE assessment and HRQoL is understudied. METHODS: Data from a phase II trial (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01143402) where patients with metastatic uveal melanoma were randomized to receive selumetinib, an oral MEK inhibitor, or chemotherapy were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920566/hcverso1-and-2-faldaprevir-with-deleobuvir-bi-207127-and-ribavirin-for-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1b-infection
#16
Christoph Sarrazin, Francesco Castelli, Pietro Andreone, Maria Buti, Massimo Colombo, Stanislas Pol, Filipe Calinas, Massimo Puoti, Antonio Olveira, Mitchell Shiffman, Jerry O Stern, George Kukolj, Michael Roehrle, Stella Aslanyan, Qiqi Deng, Richard Vinisko, Federico J Mensa, David R Nelson
The interferon-free combination of once-daily faldaprevir 120 mg, twice-daily deleobuvir 600 mg, and weight-based ribavirin was evaluated in two Phase III studies (HCVerso1, HCVerso2) in hepatitis C virus genotype-1b-infected, treatment-naïve patients, including those ineligible for peginterferon (HCVerso2). Patients without cirrhosis were randomized to 16 weeks (Arm 1; n=208 HCVerso1, n=213 HCVerso2) or 24 weeks (Arm 2; n=211 in both studies) of faldaprevir + deleobuvir + ribavirin. Patients with compensated cirrhosis received open-label faldaprevir + deleobuvir + ribavirin for 24 weeks (Arm 3; n=51, n=72)...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918778/efficacy-of-oral-risperidone-haloperidol-or-placebo-for-symptoms-of-delirium-among-patients-in-palliative-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Meera R Agar, Peter G Lawlor, Stephen Quinn, Brian Draper, Gideon A Caplan, Debra Rowett, Christine Sanderson, Janet Hardy, Brian Le, Simon Eckermann, Nicola McCaffrey, Linda Devilee, Belinda Fazekas, Mark Hill, David C Currow
Importance: Antipsychotics are widely used for distressing symptoms of delirium, but efficacy has not been established in placebo-controlled trials in palliative care. Objective: To determine efficacy of risperidone or haloperidol relative to placebo in relieving target symptoms of delirium associated with distress among patients receiving palliative care. Design, Setting, and Participants: A double-blind, parallel-arm, dose-titrated randomized clinical trial was conducted at 11 Australian inpatient hospice or hospital palliative care services between August 13, 2008, and April 2, 2014, among participants with life-limiting illness, delirium, and a delirium symptoms score (sum of Nursing Delirium Screening Scale behavioral, communication, and perceptual items) of 1 or more...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918069/quality-of-reporting-in-surgical-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
J Yu, X Li, Y Li, X Sun
BACKGROUND: RCTs testing surgical interventions can change clinical practice. The adequate reporting of surgical trials is an important issue. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken by searching PubMed for two-arm parallel randomized trials assessing surgical interventions published in 2003 or 2013. Quality of reporting was evaluated against the CONSORT checklist containing 29 items (standard CONSORT plus CONSORT Extension for Trials Assessing Non-Pharmacological Treatments)...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917515/associations-between-benign-cutaneous-nevi-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-men-and-women-results-from-two-prospective-cohort-studies
#19
H Dai, Q Sun, C Zhang, X Zhang, W-Q Li, J E Manson, F B Hu, Y Song
AIM: To examine the association of cutaneous nevi with Type 2 diabetes risk. METHODS: We prospectivly examined the associations between nevus count and risk of Type 2 diabetes among 26 240 men (1988-2010) from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and 67 050 women (1986-2010) from the Nurses' Health Study. Information on the numbers of cutaneous nevi on arms at baseline and incident cases of Type 2 diabetes was collected using validated questionnaires. RESULTS: During 1 879 287 person-years of follow-up, we documented 9040 incident cases of Type 2 diabetes...
December 5, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917158/a-zebrafish-model-for-chlamydia-infection-with-the-obligate-intracellular-pathogen-waddlia-chondrophila
#20
Alexander G J Fehr, Maja Ruetten, Helena M B Seth-Smith, Lisbeth Nufer, Andrea Voegtlin, Angelika Lehner, Gilbert Greub, Philip S Crosier, Stephan C F Neuhauss, Lloyd Vaughan
Obligate intracellular chlamydial bacteria of the Planctomycetes-Verrucomicrobia-Chlamydiae (PVC) superphylum are important pathogens of terrestrial and marine vertebrates, yet many features of their pathogenesis and host specificity are still unknown. This is particularly true for families such as the Waddliacea which, in addition to epithelia, cellular targets for nearly all Chlamydia, can infect and replicate in macrophages, an important arm of the innate immune system or in their free-living amoebal counterparts...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
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