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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327558/-modified-osteotomy-of-olecranon-for-the-management-of-inter-condylar-fracture-of-the-humerus
#1
Zheng-Feng Mei, Wen-Tao Lei, Dong-Hui Huang, Qi-Hui Zhao, Hang-Bo Qu, Lian-Zhi Ni
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical method and clinical outcome of modified osteotomy of olecranon for the treatment of inter-condylar fracture of humerus. METHODS: From May 2007 to December 2012, 32 patients of intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated surgically through the approach of modified osteotomy of olecranon. The patients were 21 males and 11 females with a mean age of 46.3 years (ranged 18 to 65 years). Nineteen fractures occurred on the right extremity and 13 on the left extremity...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327557/-surgical-treatment-for-14-patients-with-old-fractures-of-humeral-lateral-condyle-in-children
#2
Kai Liu, Ru-Guo Shang, Yan Xiao, Jan-Wei Hu, Yong-Xin Yu
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical effects of operation for the treatment of old fractures of the humerus lateral condyle in children. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2014 in our department, 14 children of old humeral lateral condyle fractures were treated with operation. Ten cases were male, 4 cases were female; age from 2 to 12 years old, average 5.8 years old. The initial diagnosis was type IIfracture according to the Milch ciassification, the loss of treatment in 11 cases, conservative treatment in 3 cases of nonunion after fracture displacement...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310362/wrapping-grafting-for-congenital-pseudarthrosis-of-the-tibia-a-preliminary-report
#3
An Yan, Hai-Bo Mei, Kun Liu, Jiang-Yan Wu, Jin Tang, Guang-Hui Zhu, Wei-Hua Ye
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) remains a challenge. The autogenic iliac bone graft is important consistent of treatment for CPT. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of wrapping autogenic iliac bone graft in improvement of the curing opportunities of CPT. METHODS: We combined Ilizarov fixator with intramedullary rodding of the tibia and wrapping autogenic iliac bone graft for treatment 51 cases of CPT between 2007 and 2010...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301014/pedicled-vascularized-bone-grafts-for-posterior-occipitocervical-and-cervicothoracic-fusion-a-cadaveric-feasibility-study
#4
Michael A Bohl, Michael A Mooney, Joshua S Catapano, Kaith K Almefty, Jay D Turner, Steve W Chang, Mark C Preul, Edward M Reece, U Kumar Kakarla
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis is critical for achieving favorable outcomes in reconstructive spine surgery. Vascularized bone grafts (VBGs) have been successfully used to augment fusion rates in a variety of skeletal pathologies, and pedicled VBG has numerous advantages over free transfer VBG. Pedicled VBG has not previously been described for the posterior occipitocervicothoracic spine. OBJECTIVE: To identify, describe, and assess potential donor sites for pedicled VBGs from occiput to T12 using a cadaver model and to describe important technical considerations for graft harvest and placement...
December 30, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299767/outcome-of-osteosynthesis-for-periprosthetic-fractures-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-study
#5
Hasmukh Nagwadia, Prateek Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of periprosthetic fractures around knee is going to rise in near future due to dramatic increase in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our study is a retrospective case series describing the outcome of osteosynthesis for periprosthetic fractures after TKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the outcome of osteosynthesis for periprosthetic fractures with stable implants in 43 patients having 45 fractures operated between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: Out of 43 patients, the majority were female (M-15, F-28) with mean age of 65...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298461/distal-femoral-varus-osteotomy-for-valgus-arthritis-of-the-knees-systematic-review-of-open-versus-closed-wedge-osteotomy
#6
REVIEW
Young Chan Kim, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Hyun Jung Kim, Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Yong Suk Chang, Jong Seong Lee, Nikhil N Bhandare, Ki Seong Kim, Giorgio D G Delgado, Kyung Wook Nha
Purpose: The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between open and closed wedge distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFO). Methods: A literature search of online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library database) was made in addition to manual search of major orthopedic journals. Data were searched from the time period of January 1990 to October 2016. A modified Coleman Methodology Score system was used to assess the methodologic quality of the included studies...
January 4, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273837/diaphyseal-long-bone-nonunions-types-aetiology-economics-and-treatment-recommendations
#7
REVIEW
Markus Rupp, Christoph Biehl, Matthäus Budak, Ulrich Thormann, Christian Heiss, Volker Alt
The intention of the current article is to review the epidemiology with related socioeconomic costs, pathophysiology, and treatment options for diaphyseal long bone delayed unions and nonunions. Diaphyseal nonunions in the tibia and in the femur are estimated to occur 4.6-8% after modern intramedullary nailing of closed fractures with an even much higher risk in open fractures. There is a high socioeconomic burden for long bone nonunions mainly driven by indirect costs, such as productivity losses due to long treatment duration...
December 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258960/corticocancellous-bone-graft-vs-cancellous-bone-graft-for-the-management-of-unstable-scaphoid-nonunion
#8
J K Kim, J O Yoon, H Baek
INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken to determine whether corticocancellous bone grafting and cancellous bone grafting differ in terms of bone union rate, restoration of scaphoid anatomy, and wrist function when unstable scaphoid nonunions are concomitantly treated by screw fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is retrospective cohort study. In Group A (17 patients), unstable scaphoid nonunion was treated with corticocancellous graft harvested from the iliac crest and headless compression screw using volar approach...
December 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250503/risk-factors-for-neck-shortening-in-patients-with-valgus-impacted-femoral-neck-fractures-treated-with-three-parallel-screws-is-bone-density-an-affecting-factor
#9
Yerl-Bo Sung, Eui-Yub Jung, Kyung-Il Kim, Soo-Yeon Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between significant femoral neck shortening (SFNS) and bone density after three parallel screw fixation in valgus impacted femoral neck fracture, and to analyze the risk factors for SFNS. Materials and Methods: This is retrospective study of 83 patients. We performed univariate analysis for patient information, bone density, fracture configuration and screw position divided into SFNS group (n=13) and non-SFNS group (n=70) and performed multivariate analysis using logistic regression model...
December 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248257/forearm-as-a-valuable-source-of-vascularized-bone-graft-for-the-distal-humerus
#10
Reza Shahryar Kamrani, Leila Farhadi, Amir Reza Farhoud
BACKGROUND: The nonunion of a distal humeral fracture is a challenging complication. Our aim was to assess the results of the application of pedicled bone flap to treat this problem. METHODS: There were 6 men and 3 women with delayed union or nonunion of the distal humerus treated by 10 procedures of rigid fixation plus radial bone forearm or posterior interosseous bone flaps. A locking plate was applied for fixation in 4 patients and a pin and plate for 5 patients...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246480/treatment-of-infected-non-unions-of-the-femur-and-tibia-in-a-french-referral-center-for-complex-bone-and-joint-infections-outcomes-of-55-patients-after-2-to-11-years
#11
T Bauer, S Klouche, O Grimaud, A Lortat-Jacob, P Hardy
INTRODUCTION: An infected nonunion is a major complication following bone fracture. While bone union can be obtained in 70% to 100% of cases, treatment of osteomyelitis is less predictable, with reported healing rates ranging from 40% to 100%. The primary aim of this study was to assess the success rate of treating infected non-unions of the tibia and femur by a team specializing in complex bone and joint infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included all patients operated between 2002 and 2012 due to an infected nonunion of the femur or tibia using standardized surgical methods...
December 12, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242787/foot-deformities-in-hajdu-cheney-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Ashish B Shah, Breann K Tisano, Osama Elattar, Jackson Rucker Staggers, Sameer Naranje
Introduction: Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by acroosteolysis, wormian skull bones with persistent skull sutures, premature loss of teeth, micrognathia, short stature, hypermobility of the joints, neurologic manifestations such as basilar invagination with subsequent paresthesia, hearing loss, and speech alterations, and osteoporosis with tendency to pathologic fractures of long bones and vertebrae as well as painful hands and feet. Very few cases have been earlier reported in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241360/interfragmentary-compression-forces-vary-based-on-scaphoid-bone-screw-type-and-fracture-location
#13
Samik Patel, Nathan Tiedeken, Lars Qvick, Richard E Debski, Robert Kaufmann, John R Fowler
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the interfragmentary compression forces generated in a foam model as a function of headless compression screw type (fully threaded and central threadless) and fracture location. METHODS: Eighty-eight polyurethane foam models were fixed across a simulated transverse fracture with either a fully threaded screw or a central threadless screw. The location of the transverse fracture varied along the length of the foam model in 2 mm increments for 11 fracture locations...
December 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240544/expected-time-to-return-to-athletic-participation-after-stress-fracture-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#14
Timothy L Miller, Marissa Jamieson, Sonsecharae Everson, Courtney Siegel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented expected time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures in elite athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures would vary by site and severity of stress fracture. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: All stress fractures diagnosed in a single Division I collegiate men's and women's track and field/cross-country team were recorded over a 3-year period...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238111/distal-radius-nonunion-after-volar-locking-plate-fixation-of-a-distal-radius-fracture-a-case-report
#15
Takaaki Shinohara, Hitoshi Hirata
We describe a 59-year-old man who had nonunion of a right distal radius fracture after volar locking plate fixation. He underwent open reduction and internal fixation with a volar locking plate system for a dorsally displaced, unstable distal radius fracture at a previous hospital 5 months ago. Radiographs of the injured wrist showed nonunion of the distal radius with 1.5-mm ulnar minus variance. Radiographs of the unaffected wrist showed 3.5-mm ulnar plus variance. Intraoperative findings of surgical revision showed an unstable nonunion; thus, debridement of the nonunion, autogenous inlay bone grafting, and internal fixation using another type of volar locking plate system were performed...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234650/experience-in-fixation-of-infected-non-union-tibia-by-ilizarov-technique-a-retrospective-study-of-42-cases
#16
Jimmy Joseph Meleppuram, Syed Ibrahim
Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and functional outcome in treatment of infected tibial nonunion by the Ilizarov method. Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed 42 patients with infected tibial nonunion with bone loss; shortening and deformity treated at this institution during the period of February 2012 to April 2015 were included in the study. The results were evaluated according to Association for the Study and Application of the Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234645/bone-graft-in-the-treatment-of-nonunion-of-the-scaphoid-with-necrosis-of-the-proximal-pole-a-literature-review
#17
Antônio Lourenço Severo, Marcelo Barreto Lemos, Osvandré Luiz Canfield Lech, Danilo Barreto Filho, Daniel Paulo Strack, Larissa Knapp Candido
Scaphoid fractures are the most common fractures of the carpal bones, corresponding to 60%. Of these, 10% progress to nonunion; moreover, 3% can present necrosis of the proximal pole. There are various methods of treatment using vascularized and non-vascularized bone grafts. To evaluate and compare the rate of scaphoid consolidation with necrosis of the proximal pole using different surgical techniques. The authors conducted a review of the literature using the following databases: PubMed and BIREME/LILACS, where 13 case series were selected (ten with use of vascularized bone grafts and three of non-vascularized bone grafts), according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226199/effectiveness-of-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-on-comminuted-tibial-or-femoral-fractures
#18
Ali Andalib, Erfan Sheikhbahaei, Zeynab Andalib, Mohammad A Tahririan
Background: Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site, known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), has recently become prevalent. This study has been designed to assess the outcomes of this treatment for tibial and femoral comminuted fractures. Methods: A total of 60 patients with comminuted femoral or tibial fractures were operated with MIPO method in this cross-sectional study at Alzahra university hospital in 2015...
September 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224947/functional-outcomes-of-compression-plating-and-bone-grafting-for-operative-treatment-of-nonunions-about-the-forearm
#19
Deirdre K Regan, Alexander M Crespo, Sanjit R Konda, Kenneth A Egol
PURPOSE: To describe one center's experience with nonunion of one or both bones of the forearm and report on the functional recovery of patients treated for a single- or 2-bone forearm nonunion. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 23 patients who presented to our institution over an 11-year period and underwent surgical repair of a forearm nonunion (radius, ulna, or both bones). The main outcome measurements included time to union, visual analog scale pain scores, range of motion, Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment scores, and postoperative complications...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214678/pedicled-iliac-crest-bone-flap-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-upper-femoral-shaft-fracture-nonunion-an-anatomic-study-and-clinical-applications
#20
Dewei Zhao, Meng Cao, Tienan Wang, Benjie Wang, Baoyi Liu, William C Lineaweaver
PURPOSE: We present the results of a study on the anatomy of the ascending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery (AB-LCFA) and the use of the pedicled iliac bone flap transfer perfused by AB-LCFA combined with external fixation for the treatment of the nonunion of upper femoral shaft fractures. METHODS: The orientation, diameter, length, and distribution of the AB-LCFA from 40 lower limbs of adult cadavers were dissected and measured. From 2000 to 2012, 13 patients with nonunion of upper femoral shaft fractures underwent pedicled iliac bone flap transfer perfused by the AB-LCFA combined with external fixation...
December 7, 2017: Microsurgery
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