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vasoactive amins

Amine Mazine, Ismail Bouhout, Nadim Saydy, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Maude Gagné-Loranger, Frédéric Vanden Eynden, Daniel Parent, Yoan Lamarche, Denis Bouchard
BACKGROUND: We assessed the hypothesis that a significant proportion of patients undergoing cardiac surgery suffer from postoperative relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI), and that this puts them at higher risk of persistent hemodynamic instability. METHODS: A prospective study included 135 patients who underwent cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass between July 2006 and December 2007. Adrenal function was assessed 36 hours after surgery using a 1 μg cosyntropin (ACTH) stimulation test...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jae Eun Choi, Anna Di Nardo
The epidermis closely interacts with nerve endings, and both epidermis and nerves produce substances for mutual sustenance. Neuropeptides, like substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related protein (CGRP), are produced by sensory nerves in the dermis; they induce mast cells to release vasoactive amines that facilitate infiltration of neutrophils and T cells. Some receptors are more important than others in the generation of itch. The Mas-related G protein-coupled receptors (Mrgpr) family as well as transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and protease activated receptor 2(Par2) have important roles in itch and inflammation...
April 30, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dennis Yang, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing is the subjective sensation of warmth accompanied by visible cutaneous erythema occurring throughout the body with a predilection for the face, neck, pinnae, and upper trunk where the skin is thinnest and cutaneous vessels are superficially located and in greatest numbers. Flushing can be present in either a wet or dry form depending upon whether neural-mediated mechanisms are involved. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system results in wet flushing, accompanied by diaphoresis, due to concomitant stimulation of eccrine sweat glands...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
Mohamad Habous, Alaa Tealab, Mohammed Farag, Tarek Soliman, Ben Williamson, Saad Mahmoud, Amin Elserafy, Zenhom Mekawi, Abdallah Remeah, Mohammed Nassar, Osama Laban, Osama Abdelwahab, Saleh Binsaleh, Simone Giona, David Ralph, John Mulhall
BACKGROUND: The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) is typically the preferred implant for Peyronie's disease (PD) and malleable penile prostheses (MPPs) have been discouraged. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness and patient satisfaction of the MPP vs IPP in patients with PD. METHODS: Men with PD and erectile dysfunction who elected for penile implant surgery constituted the study population. Preoperatively, demographic and comorbidity parameters were recorded...
March 2018: Sexual Medicine
Ila Mishra, Devraj Singh, Vinod Kumar
This study investigated whether, in photoperiodic songbirds, the circadian pacemaker system (CPS) connects to the seasonal photoperiodic responses, by changes at transcriptional level in the level and 24-h rhythm of its constituent neurotransmitters. We used black-headed buntings (Emberiza melanocephala), which exhibit distinct seasonal states in captivity under appropriate photoperiods and hence served as a useful model system. Under short days, buntings remain in the photosensitive state (Pse) (winter phenotype: non-migratory, non-breeding)...
February 10, 2018: Neuroscience
Benjamin Cross, Tawfiqur Rahman Choudhury, Mark Hindle, Gavin Galasko
A 45-year-old previously healthy man with minimal coronary artery disease on imaging presented with an acute MI after sustaining a wasp sting following previous non-eventful exposures throughout his life. This is the first case of Kounis syndrome with optical coherence tomography imaging and proven IgE wasp venom hypersensitivity. The Hymenoptera venom is composed of allergenic proteins and vasoactive amines which are responsible for venom toxicity. This patient also has a history of atopy giving a predisposition for developing IgE-mediated allergic reactions...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Magdy El-Salhy, Tefera Solomon, Trygve Hausken, Odd Helge Gilja, Jan Gunnar Hatlebakk
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic recurrent condition whose etiology is unknown, and it includes ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and microscopic colitis. These three diseases differ in clinical manifestations, courses, and prognoses. IBD reduces the patients' quality of life and is an economic burden to both the patients and society. Interactions between the gastrointestinal (GI) neuroendocrine peptides/amines (NEPA) and the immune system are believed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of IBD...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Metin Kaplan, Ahmet Kılınç, Sait Ozturk, Nevin Ilhan, Simay Gurocak, Murat Gonen
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy causes injury in the endothelial cells of blood vessels and the production of vasoactive amines such as endothelin-1 (ET-1). ET-1 is an important peptide in cancer development. In this study, the effects of radiation on brain tissue ET-1 level were evaluated. Is it possible to suggest a mechanism using ET-1 level in the production of this adverse effect? In this paper, the relationship between the development of brain tumors and the ET-1 level has been discussed...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Gibran Roder Feguri, Paulo Ruiz Lúcio de Lima, Danilo de Cerqueira Borges, Laura Ramos Toledo, Larissa Nadaf Batista, Thaís Carvalho E Silva, Neuber José Segri, José Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento
BACKGROUND: A strategy of limited preoperative fasting, with carbohydrate (CHO) loading and intraoperative infusion of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA), has seldom been tried in cardiovascular surgery. Brief fasting, followed by CHO intake 2 h before anesthesia, may improve recovery from CABG procedures and lower perioperative vasoactive drug requirements. Infusion of ω-3 PUFA may reduce occurrences of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) and shorten hospital stays...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
Priscila Hess Lopes, Marisa M T Rocha, Alexandre Kazuo Kuniyoshi, Fernanda Calheta Vieira Portaro, Luís Roberto C Gonçalves
We have investigated the mechanisms involved in the genesis of edema and nociception induced by Philodryas patagoniensis venom (PpV) injected into the footpad of mice. PpV induced dose-related edema and nociceptive effects. Pretreatment of mice with cyclooxygenase inhibitor (indomethacin), but not with cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor (celecoxib) markedly inhibited both effects. Pretreatments with H1 receptor antagonist (promethazine) or with dual histamine-serotonin inhibitor (cyproheptadine) failed in inhibiting both effects...
June 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Nadia Ayala-Lopez, Janice M Thompson, Stephanie W Watts
Background: Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) can decrease vascular contraction to NE. We tested the hypothesis that metabolism and/or uptake of vasoactive amines by mesenteric PVAT (MPVAT) could affect NE-induced contraction of the mesenteric resistance arteries. Methods: Mesenteric resistance vessels (MRV) and MPVAT from male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. RT-PCR and Western blots were performed to detect amine metabolizing enzymes. The Amplex® Red Assay was used to quantify oxidase activity by detecting the oxidase reaction product H2 O2 and the contribution of PVAT on the mesenteric arteries' contraction to NE was measured by myography...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Nadja Wüst, Elke Rauscher-Gabernig, Johann Steinwider, Friedrich Bauer, Peter Paulsen
Tryptamine acts as a neuromodulator and vasoactive agent in the human body. Dose-response data on dietary tryptamine are scarce and neither a toxicological threshold value nor tolerable levels in foods have been established so far. This paper reviews dose-response characteristics and toxicological effects of tryptamine as well as tryptamine contents in food, estimates dietary exposure of Austrian consumers, and calculates risk-based maximum tolerable limits for food categories. A dose without effect of 8 mg kg(-1) body weight day(-1) was derived from literature data...
March 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Marta Laranjo, Ana Gomes, Ana Cristina Agulheiro-Santos, Maria Eduarda Potes, Maria João Cabrita, Raquel Garcia, João Miguel Rocha, Luísa Cristina Roseiro, Maria José Fernandes, Maria João Fraqueza, Miguel Elias
Meat industry needs to reduce salt in their products due to health issues. The present study evaluated the effect of salt reduction from 6% to 3% in two Portuguese traditional blood dry-cured sausages. Physicochemical and microbiological parameters, biogenic amines, fatty acids and texture profiles and sensory panel evaluations were considered. Differences due to salt reduction were perceptible in a faint decline of water activity, which slightly favoured microbial growth. Total biogenic amines content ranged from 88...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Kelvin Henrique Vilalva, Fabrícia Teixeira Mumic, Marina Rodrigues Garcia Silveira, Enio David Mente, Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora, Orlando Castro E Silva
A 57-year-old female patient received elective liver transplant due to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma. Her preoperative Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was 11. The total transplant ischemic time was 10 hours and 35 minutes, and the warm ischemic time was 35 minutes. Even with aggressive fluid overload and use of high concentrations of vasoactive amines, the patient developed possible primary graft dysfunction with poor response to fluids and vasopressor support, suggesting vasoplegic syndrome...
August 24, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Teresinha Silva de Brito, Francisco José Batista-Lima, Kalinne Kelly Lima Gadelha, Patrícia Andrea da Fonseca-Magalhães, Saad Lahlou, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães
2-Nitro-1-phenyl-1-propanol (NPP) is a nitro alcohol that is known as an intermediate in the synthesis of sympathomimetic agents, such as norephedrine. The present study investigated the vasoactive effects of NPP on rat aorta. In endothelium-intact aortic rings, NPP fully relaxed contractions that were induced by phenylephrine, KCl, and U-46619. The relaxant effects of NPP on phenylephrine-elicited contractions remained unaffected by NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), indomethacin, propranolol, tetraethylammonium, 4-aminopyridine, and glibenclamide...
November 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Song Guo, Anne Luise Haulund Vollesen, Young Bae Lee Hansen, Erik Frandsen, Malene Rohr Andersen, Faisal Mohammad Amin, Jan Fahrenkrug, Jes Olesen, Messoud Ashina
Background Intravenous infusion of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP38) provokes migraine attacks in 65-70% of migraine without aura (MO) patients. We investigated whether PACAP38 infusion causes changes in the endogenous production of PACAP38, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B), neuron-specific enolase and pituitary hormones in migraine patients. Methods We allocated 32 previously genotyped MO patients to receive intravenous infusion PACAP38 (10 pmol/kg/minute) for 20 minutes and recorded migraine-like attacks...
February 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Ila Mishra, Devraj Singh, Vinod Kumar
In birds, circadian control of tissue level communication is not well understood. The present study investigated this, by monitoring daily oscillation of genes coding for peptides (neuropeptide Y, NPY; vasoactive intestinal peptide, VIP; somatostatis, SST) and intermediary enzymes of amine and amino acid neurotransmitters (dopamine [tyrosine hydroxylase, TH]; glutamate [glutaminase, GLS; glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase 2, GOT2]; gamma amino butyric actid, GABA [glutamic acid decarboxylase 65, GAD65]) biosynthetic pathway, along with c-FOS as an activation marker, in different tissues of migratory redheaded buntings, Emberiza bruniceps...
2016: Chronobiology International
Shi-Sheng Zhou, Yi-Ming Zhou, Da Li, Na-Na Chen
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the reported evidence on the relationship between vasoactive amines and preeclampsia. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE. RESULTS: The summarized results are as follows: (1) Menstruation can effectively eliminate vasoactive amines norepinephrine, serotonin and histamine. (2) Pregnancy increases norepinephrine production due to fetal brain development and decreases vasoactive-amine elimination due to amenorrhea...
2016: Hypertension in Pregnancy
Faisal Mohammad Amin, Anders Hougaard, Stefano Magon, Mohammad Sohail Asghar, Nur Nabil Ahmad, Egill Rostrup, Till Sprenger, Messoud Ashina
OBJECTIVE: To investigate resting-state functional connectivity in the salience network (SN), the sensorimotor network (SMN), and the default mode network (DMN) during migraine attacks induced by pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide-38 (PACAP38). METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized study, 24 female migraine patients without aura received IV PACAP38 or vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) over 20 minutes. Both peptides are closely related and cause vasodilation, but only PACAP38 induces migraine attacks...
January 12, 2016: Neurology
Luis Del Carpio-Orantes, Hugo Alberto Azuara-Trujillo
This study presents a case of anaphylactic shock in a senile patient, who had a biphasic event associated with the administration of a beta-lactam cephalosporin (ceftriaxone), needing stay in the intensive care unit and support with vasoactive amines, which it is rare to see in this issue, already being in itself a difficult diagnosis and often undervalued by rejecting causes of shock in a senile patient other than cardiogenic or septic. Also, a case review is made based on epidemiological issues, clinical and paraclinical diagnosis, and current treatment implications based on current international guidelines and a review of the topic...
November 2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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