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Nurses role in disaster preparedness

Fuad Alzahrani, Kyratsis Yiannis
OBJECTIVES: To assess hospital emergency nurses' self-reported knowledge, role awareness and skills in disaster response with respect to the Hajj mass gathering in Mecca. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey with primary data collection and non-probabilistic purposive sample conducted in late 2014. SETTING: All 4 public hospitals in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: 106 registered nurses in hospital emergency departments...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
L J Labrague, K Hammad, D S Gloe, D M McEnroe-Petitte, D C Fronda, A A Obeidat, M C Leocadio, A R Cayaban, E C Mirafuentes
AIM: This review explored peer-reviewed publications that measure nurses' preparedness for disaster response. BACKGROUND: The increasing frequency of disasters worldwide necessitates nurses to adequately prepare to respond to disasters to mitigate the negative consequences of the event on the affected population. Despite growing initiatives to prepare nurses for any disasters, evidence suggests they are under prepared for disaster response. METHODS: This is a systematic review of scientific articles conducted from 2006 to 2016 on nurses' preparedness for disasters...
March 14, 2017: International Nursing Review
Roberta Lavin, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Wilma J Calvert, Sheila R Grigsby, Jennifer Cobbina
Inequalities in society, culture, and finance have resulted in civil unrest, rioting, and intentional violence throughout our history. Nowhere is this currently more apparent than in the cities of Ferguson and Baltimore. It is not the civil unrest itself, but the resulting rioting and intentional violence that can create a disaster situation. This increases the care burden of health care providers during times when the governmental structure may be overwhelmed or functioning in a less than optimal manner. Beginning with the death of Michael Brown, civil unrest over the last 2 years has necessitated a closer examination of the role nurse leaders play in preparing their staff and facilities for potential results of this civil unrest...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
March 2017: International Emergency Nursing
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
Y H Li, S J Li, S H Chen, X P Xie, Y Q Song, Z H Jin, X Y Zheng
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the disaster experiences of nurses called to assist survivors one month after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. BACKGROUND: China has experienced an increasing number of earthquake disasters in the past four decades. Although a health and disaster management system was initiated after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, nurses' roles and experiences in a disaster have been overlooked. METHODS: The researchers used qualitative descriptive design that included 16 participants...
June 2017: International Nursing Review
Ibrahim Arziman
Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Bryan E Christensen, Mary Anne Duncan, Sallyann C King, Candis Hunter, Perri Ruckart, Maureen F Orr
OBJECTIVE: A chlorine gas release occurred at a poultry processing plant as a result of an accidental mixing of sodium hypochlorite and an acidic antimicrobial treatment. We evaluated the public health and emergency medical services response and developed and disseminated public health recommendations to limit the impact of future incidents. METHODS: We conducted key informant interviews with the state health department; local fire, emergency medical services, and police departments; county emergency management; and representatives from area hospitals to understand the response mechanisms employed for this incident...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Anne Griffin, Alicia R Gable, Linda MacIntyre, Radm Nadine Simons, Mary Pat Couig, John J Walsh, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Aram Dobalian, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: To develop a vision for the future of disaster nursing, identify barriers and facilitators to achieving the vision, and develop recommendations for nursing practice, education, policy, and research. DESIGN AND METHODS: A series of semistructured conference calls were conducted with 14 national subject matter experts to generate relevant concepts regarding national nursing workforce preparedness. An invitational daylong workshop hosted by the Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center, U...
March 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
E Konishi, T Nagai, M Kobayashi, Y Mitsumori, W Ono, K Asahara, S E Porter
BACKGROUND: The recent Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident was one of more than 200 serious nuclear/radiation incidents (accidents and disasters) that occurred worldwide since 1945. The current Fukushima disaster is in the recovery phase with the decreasing levels of radiation in the environment. However, fears and stigma related to the perceived risk of radiation exposure persist among the general population. INTRODUCTION: To improve on students' preparedness for social and public health challenges after a radiation incidence, radiation education was provided for undergraduate public health nursing students...
June 2016: International Nursing Review
Hesam Seyedin, Zahra Abbasi Dolatabadi, Fatemeh Rajabifard
BACKGROUND: Natural and man-made disasters affect people, communities, and health systems. Nurses play a key role in the health system and must be prepared for appropriate response in disasters. OBJECTIVES: This study was done to assess the current knowledge of nurses in emergency departments for disaster preparedness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 emergency nurses working in teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
November 2015: Trauma Monthly
Janet Baseman, Debra Revere, Ian Painter, Mark Oberle, Jeffrey Duchin, Hanne Thiede, Randall Nett, Dorothy MacEachern, Andy Stergachis
OBJECTIVES: Health care providers play an essential role in public health emergency preparedness and response. We conducted a 4-year randomized controlled trial to systematically compare the effectiveness of traditional and mobile communication strategies for sending time-sensitive public health messages to providers. METHODS: Subjects (N=848) included providers who might be leveraged to assist with emergency preparedness and response activities, such as physicians, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, physician's assistants, and veterinarians...
February 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Leodoro J Labrague, Begonia C Yboa, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Ledwin R Lobrino, Mary Geronima B Brennan
PURPOSE: This study examined the perceived level of disaster preparedness in Philippine nurses. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional research design was used in this study. METHODS: Two hundred nurses were invited to participate in the study, with 170 responses (105 hospital nurses and 65 community nurses) or an 85% response rate, during the months of April 2014 through July 2014. Data collection was based on interviews using a standardized instrument, the Disaster Preparedness Questionnaire...
January 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Mary A King, Molly V Dorfman, Sharon Einav, Alex S Niven, Niranjan Kissoon, Colin K Grissom
OBJECTIVE: Data on best practices for evacuating an intensive care unit (ICU) during a disaster are limited. The impact of Hurricane Sandy on New York City area hospitals provided a unique opportunity to learn from the experience of ICU providers about their preparedness, perspective, roles, and activities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of nurses, respiratory therapists, and physicians who played direct roles during the Hurricane Sandy ICU evacuations...
February 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Luche Tadesse Ejeta, Ali Ardalan, Douglas Paton
BACKGROUND: Preparedness for disasters and emergencies at individual, community and organizational levels could be more effective tools in mitigating (the growing incidence) of disaster risk and ameliorating their impacts. That is, to play more significant roles in disaster risk reduction (DRR). Preparedness efforts focus on changing human behaviors in ways that reduce people's risk and increase their ability to cope with hazard consequences. While preparedness initiatives have used behavioral theories to facilitate DRR, many theories have been used and little is known about which behavioral theories are more commonly used, where they have been used, and why they have been preferred over alternative behavioral theories...
2015: PLoS Currents
Abdulellah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Kelli Innes, Beverley Copnell
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that nurses have insufficient knowledge about disaster preparedness due to a lack of acceptance of core competencies and the absence of disaster preparedness in nursing curricula. This study explored nurses' knowledge and sources of knowledge, and skills as they relate to disaster management in Saudi Arabia, where more than 4660 people have died, 32,000 people have been affected, and US$4.65 billion in damage has been caused by disaster since 1980...
August 2015: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
Janice M Morse, Lauren Clark, Tracii Haynes, Ariko Noji
The Olympic Games constitutes the world's largest sporting event. Nurses play an important, but poorly discussed, role in emergency care, routine clinical care and preventive care for athletes from many cultures as well as an enormous influx of spectators. In this article, we discuss five important considerations when preparing nurses to provide safe care for Olympians: elite athletes as a cultural group; caring for the Olympic family; disaster preparedness and security; infection control; and principles of transcultural nursing...
March 2015: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Sultan Al-Shaqsi, Robin Gauld, David McBride, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Abdullah Al-Harthy
INTRODUCTION: Disasters occur more frequently. Acute care providers are the first to respond to mass emergencies from the healthcare sector. The preparedness of acute care providers in New Zealand to respond to mass emergencies has not been previously studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the self-reported training and experience of New Zealand acute care providers to respond to mass emergencies and the factors associated with strong preparedness. METHODS: A cross-sectional national survey of 1500 acute care providers in New Zealand carried out between 2009 and 2010...
February 2015: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Kourosh Zarea, Samira Beiranvand, Parisa Sheini-Jaberi, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Disaster nursing was one of the first forms of nursing practice in Iran, and nurses have long served voluntarily in disasters. Despite their key role throughout a disaster management cycle, few studies have examined nurses' unique role in the management of disasters in this region of the world. METHODS: An integrative narrative analysis of international research published in English and Persian studies between years 2000 and 2013 was conducted...
November 2014: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
Seher Deniz Öztekin, Eric Edwin Larson, Serpil Yüksel, Gülay Altun Uğraş
AIM: Although the awareness of disasters has increased among nurses, the concept of disaster preparedness and response has not been sufficiently explored with undergraduate nursing students. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the perceptions of students regarding disaster preparedness and response that live in different earthquake-prone cities; Istanbul, Turkey and Miyazaki, Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study employing seven questions was conducted in a final group of 1053 nursing students from Istanbul, Turkey, and Miyazaki, Japan...
April 2015: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
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