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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205027/risk-factors-affecting-unplanned-reoperation-after-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-experience-from-a-high-volume-center
#1
Ping Li, Chang-Ming Huang, Ru-Hong Tu, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Chao-Hui Zheng, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the risk factors affecting unplanned reoperation (URO) after laparoscopic gastrectomy (LAG) for gastric cancer (GC) and establish a model to predict URO preoperatively. STUDY DESIGN: Between May 2007 and December 2014, we prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed the data of 2608 GC patients who underwent LAG. Among them, 2580 patients not requiring an URO were defined as the Non-URO group, and 28 patients requiring an URO were defined as the URO group...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201752/characteristics-of-h3-k27m-mutant-gliomas-in-adults
#2
David Meyronet, Maud Esteban-Mader, Charlotte Bonnet, Marie-Odile Joly, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Alexandra Amiel-Benouaich, Fabien Forest, Cécilia Rousselot-Denis, Fanny Burel-Vandenbos, Véronique Bourg, Jacques Guyotat, Tanguy Fenouil, Anne Jouvet, Jérôme Honnorat, François Ducray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192608/testis-sparing-surgery-for-treatment-of-small-testicular-lesions-is-it-feasible-even-in-germ-cell-tumors
#3
Nebojsa Bojanic, Uros Bumbasirevic, Gordana Bojanic, Ivan Vukovic, Bogomir Milojevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of testis-sparing surgery (TSS) in patients, with small testicular lesions and a normal contralateral testicle. METHODS: In all, 28 patients were treated with TSS for small testicular lesions and a normal contralateral testicle. TSS was considered in patients with testicular lesions smaller than 2 cm and no evidence of metastatic disease. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 35.3 ± 7...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161695/computerized-cognitive-training-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-during-bed-rest-mechanisms-to-protect-individual-during-acute-stress
#4
Angelina Passaro, Cecilia Soavi, Uros Marusic, Enrico Rejc, Juana M Sanz, Mario L Morieri, Edoardo Dalla Nora, Voyko Kavcic, Marco V Narici, Carlo Reggiani, Gianni Biolo, Giovanni Zuliani, Stefano Lazzer, Rado Pišot
Acute stress, as bed rest, was shown to increase plasma level of the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in older, but not in young adults. This increase might represent a protective mechanism towards acute insults in aging subjects. Since computerized cognitive training (CCT) is known to protect brain, herein we evaluated the effect of CCT during bed rest on BDNF, muscle mass, neuromuscular function and metabolic parameters. The subjects that underwent CCT did not show an increase of BDNF after bed rest, and showed an anti-insular modification pattern in metabolism...
February 3, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096928/spontaneous-uretero-sigmoid-fistula-secondary-to-calculus
#5
Ines Marzouk, Makram Moussa, Lotfi Saadallah, Sami Bouchoucha, Lotfi Hendaoui
A 25-year-old man was referred to the urology department after a subacute history of left back pain, burning micturition associated with pneumaturia and fecaluria. Ultrasonography was performed showing hydronephrosis, and plain film radiography demonstrated a long vertical left pelvic calculi. Uro-computed tomography (CT) combined with a water enema CT showed a 10 cm long calculus with the cranial extremity fistulating the sigmoidal wall. Surgical treatment included left nephroureterectomy and sigmoidectomy with a colorectal anastomosis...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095462/physiological-characterization-and-comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-white-and-green-leaves-of-ananas-comosus-var-bracteatus
#6
Xia Li, Surapathrudu Kanakala, Yehua He, Xiaolan Zhong, Sanmiao Yu, Ruixue Li, Lingxia Sun, Jun Ma
Leaf coloration is one of the most important and attractive characteristics of Ananas comosus var. bracteatus. The chimeric character is not stable during the in vitro tissue culturing. Many regenerated plants lost economic values for the loss of the chimeric character of leaves. In order to reveal the molecular mechanisms involved in the albino phenotype of the leaf cells, the physiological and transcriptional differences between complete white (CWh) and green (CGr) leaf cells of A. comosus var. bracteatus were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073203/testicular-sparing-surgery-in-small-testis-masses-a-multinstitutional-experience
#7
Andrea B Galosi, Paola Fulvi, Andrea Fabiani, Lucilla Servi, Alessandra Filosa, Luca Leone, Angelo Marronaro, Enrico Caraceni, Rodolfo Montironi
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of benign testicular tumors is increasing in particular in small lesion incidentally found at scrotal ultrasonography. Primary aim of this study was to perform radical surgery in malignant tumor. Secondary aim was to verify the efficacy of the diagnostic-therapeutic pathway recently adopted in management of small masses with testis sparing surgery in benign lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we reviewed all patients with single testis lesion less than 15 mm at ultrasound as main diameter...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068207/the-effect-of-diode-laser-on-planktonic-enterococcus-faecalis-in-infected-root-canals-in-an-ex-vivo-model
#8
Gilda Cretella, Carlo Lajolo, Raffaella Castagnola, Francesco Somma, MariaTeresa Inchingolo, Luca Marigo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the bactericidal effect of diode laser irradiation against intracanal Enterococcus faecalis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: m total of 128 extracted single-rooted and single-canal teeth were treated with ProTaper instruments (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). A total of 120 root canals were inoculated with E. faecalis for 21 days, and the samples were randomly divided into five groups: Group 1 (n = 24) samples were irrigated with only saline solution (positive controls); Group 2 (n = 24) was treated with only 5...
January 9, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048498/we-ab-202-12-voxel-wise-analysis-of-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-and-perfusion-maps-in-multi-parametric-mri-of-prostate-cancer
#9
K Engstroem, O Casares-Magaz, J Roervik, E Andersen, L Muren
PURPOSE: Multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI) is being introduced in radiotherapy (RT) of prostate cancer, including for tumour delineation in focal boosting strategies. We recently developed an image-based tumour control probability model, based on cell density distributions derived from apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. Beyond tumour volume and cell densities, tumour hypoxia is also an important determinant of RT response. Since tissue perfusion from mp-MRI has been related to hypoxia we have explored the patterns of ADC and perfusion maps, and the relations between them, inside and outside prostate index lesions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041853/stem-cells-in-male-sexual-dysfunction-are-we-getting-somewhere
#10
REVIEW
Mohammad Ayodhia Soebadi, Uros Milenkovic, Emmanuel Weyne, Fabio Castiglione, Maarten Albersen
INTRODUCTION: Stem cells for sexual disorders are steadily being introduced into clinical trials. Two conditions of importance are the main target for this line of treatment, especially when regarding the wide array of translational and basic science highlighting the potential advantages of regenerative therapy: erectile dysfunction (ED) and more recently Peyronie disease (PD). Cellular therapy offers a treatment modality that might reverse disease progression. It would be used in a curative setting, in contrast to other pharmaceutical agents that are currently available...
December 29, 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039706/partial-versus-radical-nephrectomy-for-pt1a-renal-cancer-in-serbia
#11
Aleksandar Janicic, Uros Bumbasirevic, Tatjana Pekomezovic, Milica Cekerevac, Miodrag Acimovic, Zoran Dzamic, Cane Tulic
PURPOSE: To assess the treatment outcome of pT1a renal tumors, comparing overall survival (OS) in patients treated with radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN), and to examine the rate of utilization of PN in a tertiary institution in Serbia. METHODS: Included were patients treated for pT1a kidney tumors with open RN or open PN during 1996-2013. The inclusion criterion was the pathological tumor stage T1a. Exclusion criteria were higher pathological stages, metastatic presentation, or imperative indications for partial nephrectomy...
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035328/bladder-cancer-screening-in-lebanese-population-there-is-nothing-more-unequal-than-the-equal-treatment-of-unequal-people
#12
Mohammed Shahait, Muhammad Bulbul
Bladder cancer screening has been perplexing the uro-oncological community for the last decade. In this commentary, we ruminate on the feasibility of bladder cancer screening in our population based on epidemiological proponents.
October 27, 2016: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027806/-actinomycotic-brain-abscess-in-immunocompetent-patient
#13
Mikel Armendariz-Guezala, José Undabeitia-Huertas, Nicolás Samprón-Lebed, Marta Michan-Mendez, Irune Ruiz-Diaz, Enrique Úrculo-Bareño
BACKGROUND: The actinomyces is germ commonly found in the normal flora of the oral cavity and gastro-intestinal and uro-genital tracts. Involvement in other locations is a very uncommon event. OBJECTIVES: To describe a patient with an actinomicotyc brain abscess CLINICAL CASE: We report the case of a patient who suffered a seizure and decreased level of consciousness. Imaging tests revealed the presence of lesions both in the lung and in the brain. An urgent craniotomy was performed and the diagnosis of actinomicotyc abscess was obtained...
December 24, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012076/erratum-to-orally-administered-multispecies-probiotic-formulations-to-prevent-uro-genital-infections-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#14
Valerio Mezzasalma, Enrico Manfrini, Emanuele Ferri, Marco Boccarusso, Patrizia Di Gennaro, Irene Schiano, Angela Michelotti, Massimo Labra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005154/-pathogenesis-of-urological-complications-after-radiation-therapy
#15
Y Tolkach, G Kristiansen
Radiation therapy is a treatment modality that is often used in the uro-oncological setting. The common indication for the radiation therapy in the urological sphere is prostate cancer, whether it is used primarily as a radical approach, or postoperatively as adjuvant or salvage therapy. All urological organs are sensitive to radiation injury with the urinary bladder being the most susceptible with a typical cascade including acute and late changes, arising in the dose-dependent manner. The common indication for radiation therapy in urology is prostate cancer, which collaterally affects the urinary bladder and rarely urethra (especially the bulbo-membranous urethra)...
December 22, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003767/the-benefit-of-using-bladder-sub-volume-equivalent-uniform-dose-constraints-in-prostate-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-planning
#16
Jian Zhu, Antoine Simon, Pascal Haigron, Caroline Lafond, Oscar Acosta, Huazhong Shu, Joel Castelli, Baosheng Li, Renaud De Crevoisier
BACKGROUND: To assess the benefits of bladder wall sub-volume equivalent uniform dose (EUD) constraints in prostate cancer intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) planning. METHODS: Two IMRT plans, with and without EUD constraints on the bladder wall, were generated using beams that deliver 80 Gy to the prostate and 46 Gy to the seminal vesicles and were compared in 53 prostate cancer patients. The bladder wall was defined as the volume between the external manually delineated wall and a contraction of 7 mm apart from it...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002455/evidence-for-the-role-of-mast-cells-in-cystitis-associated-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-study-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-research-network-animal-model-study
#17
Xu Wang, Wujiang Liu, Michael O'Donnell, Susan Lutgendorf, Catherine Bradley, Andrew Schrepf, Liwei Liu, Karl Kreder, Yi Luo
Bladder inflammation frequently causes cystitis pain and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) such as urinary frequency and urgency. Although mast cells have been identified to play a critical role in bladder inflammation and pain, the role of mast cells in cystitis-associated LUTD has not been demonstrated. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic and debilitating inflammatory condition of the urinary bladder characterized by the hallmark symptoms of pelvic pain and LUTD. In this study we investigated the role of mast cells in LUTD using a transgenic autoimmune cystitis model (URO-OVA) that reproduces many clinical correlates of IC/BPS...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937138/computerized-cognitive-training-during-physical-inactivity-improves-executive-functioning-in-older-adults
#18
Uros Marusic, Bruno Giordani, Scott D Moffat, Mojca Petrič, Petra Dolenc, Rado Pišot, Voyko Kavcic
The hippocampus is closely tied to spatial navigation, a central component in cognitive functioning, and critically involved in age-associated cognitive decline and dementia. This study evaluated a novel, cognitive computerized spatial navigation training (CSNT) program targeting the hippocampus, with expectation of mitigating possible cognitive decline with bed rest (BR). During a 14-day BR study with 16 healthy, older men (mean age = 60 ± 3, range = 55-65 years), half received CSNT for 12 days in 50-min sessions and half were controls (watching documentaries)...
December 12, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937057/radical-cystectomy-do-we-need-standardization
#19
Christian Ladurner, Evi Comploj, Emanuela Trenti, Salvatore Palermo, Alexander Pycha, Armin Pycha
The first series of radical cystectomy with a definition of surgical landmarks was published in 1949 and was characterized by a high perioperative mortality and a 5-year survival rate around 50%. Decades later, nevertheless many surgical progresses were made and the perioperative mortality dropped to 2,5%, this had not lead to an improvement of long term survival rates, also because a standardization of the procedure is still missing. Areas covered: Radical cystectomy is performed with different surgical techniques obmitting a standardization...
December 28, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933507/determinants-of-maternal-vitamin%C3%A2-d-concentrations-in-slovenia-a%C3%A2-prospective-observational-study
#20
Andraž Dovnik, Faris Mujezinović, Milena Treiber, Breda Pečovnik Balon, Maksimiljan Gorenjak, Uroš Maver, Iztok Takač
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the vitamin D status of pregnant women in Slovenia and the factors influencing it. METHODS: The study was performed in Maribor University Medical Centre (location 46°N). Maternal serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OH)D) in 4 groups of 100 pregnant women in 4 different seasons of the year was measured at the time of delivery. Data on life style, eating habits, sunbathing and intake of vitamin D supplements during pregnancy were obtained using a questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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