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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#1
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028590/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-lisdexamfetamine-as-an-antidepressant-augmentation-strategy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Peter Giacobbe, Uros Rakita, Raymond Lam, Roumen Milev, Sidney H Kennedy, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Psychostimulants have been used in the treatment of depression, with mixed results. This meta-analysis examines the efficacy and tolerability of the stimulant Lisdexamfetamine (LDX) as an add-on strategy in those with MDD who have failed to respond to an antidepressant. METHOD: Randomized control trials were identified and extracted from Pubmed; Web of Science; PsychINFO; and Cochrane Library. The efficacy of LDX was evaluated using Hedges' g and Odds Ratio, whereas Risk Difference was used to assess the safety and tolerability of LDX...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018194/pnldc1-is-essential-for-pirna-3-end-trimming-and-transposon-silencing-during-spermatogenesis-in-mice
#3
Deqiang Ding, Jiali Liu, Kunzhe Dong, Uros Midic, Rex A Hess, Huirong Xie, Elena Y Demireva, Chen Chen
Piwi-interacting RNAs are small regulatory RNAs with key roles in transposon silencing and regulation of gametogenesis. The production of mature piwi-interacting RNAs requires a critical step of trimming piwi-interacting RNA intermediates to achieve optimally sized piwi-interacting RNAs. The poly(A)-specific ribonuclease family deadenylase PNLDC1 is implicated in piwi-interacting RNA trimming in silkworms. The physiological function of PNLDC1 in mammals remains unknown. Using Pnldc1-deficient mice, here we show that PNLDC1 is required for piwi-interacting RNA biogenesis, transposon silencing, and spermatogenesis...
October 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993773/targeting-malignant-brain-tumors-with-antibodies
#4
REVIEW
Rok Razpotnik, Neža Novak, Vladka Čurin Šerbec, Uros Rajcevic
Antibodies have been shown to be a potent therapeutic tool. However, their use for targeting brain diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases and brain cancers, has been limited, particularly because the blood-brain barrier (BBB) makes brain tissue hard to access by conventional antibody-targeting strategies. In this review, we summarize new antibody therapeutic approaches to target brain tumors, especially malignant gliomas, as well as their potential drawbacks. Many different brain delivery platforms for antibodies have been studied such as liposomes, nanoparticle-based systems, cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), and cell-based approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986935/diagnosis-and-management-of-diaper-dermatitis-in-infants-with-emphasis-on-skin-microbiota-in-the-diaper-area
#5
REVIEW
Maja Šikić Pogačar, Uroš Maver, Nataša Marčun Varda, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk
Diaper dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin eruption within the diaper area in infants and toddlers. Although it rarely causes problems for prolonged periods of time, it causes considerable distress for both infants and parents. Diapered skin is exposed to friction, excessive hydration, varying pH, and is in constant contact with urine and feces, both of which are highly irritant to the skin. The three most common types of diaper dermatitis include chaffing dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and diaper candidiasis...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985632/limb-and-flap-salvage-in-gustilo-iiic-injuries-treated-by-vascular-repair-and-emergency-free-flap-transfer
#6
Zoran Marij Arnež, Giovanni Papa, Vittorio Ramella, Federico Cesare Novati, Uros Ahcan, Chiara Stocco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976058/diffuse-gliomas-with-fgfr3-tacc3-fusion-have-characteristic-histopathological-and-molecular-features
#7
Franck Bielle, Anna-Luisa Di Stefano, David Meyronnet, Alberto Picca, Chiara Villa, Michèle Bernier, Yohann Schmitt, Marine Giry, Audrey Rousseau, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Claude-Alain Maurage, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Anna Lasorella, Antonio Iavarone, Marc Sanson, Karima Mokhtari
Adult glioblastomas, IDH-wildtype represent a heterogeneous group of diseases. They are resistant to conventional treatment by concomitant radiochemotherapy and carry a dismal prognosis. The discovery of oncogenic gene fusions in these tumors has led to prospective targeted treatments, but identification of these rare alterations in practice is challenging. Here, we report a series of 30 adult diffuse gliomas with an in frame FGFR3-TACC3 oncogenic fusion (n=27 WHO grade IV and n=3 WHO grade II) as well as their histological and molecular features...
October 4, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969413/the-eternal-enigma-in-prostatic-biopsy-access-route
#8
Andrea Fabiani, Emanuele Principi, Alessandra Filosa, Lucilla Servi
Dear Editors,We read with interest the article by Di Franco and co-workers (1). The introduction of prostatic magnetic resonance and the relative fusion-biopsy have not yet allowed the expected improvements in prostate biopsy. To our knowledge, there are no works that demonstrate the superiority of fusion techniques on the remaining ultrasound guided prostate biopsies that are still the widely used in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Furthemore, these technologies are expensive exams and they are not yet available in all centers, especially in those minors...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962783/nanofibrous-polysaccharide-hydroxyapatite-composites-with-biocompatibility-against-human-osteoblasts
#9
Petra Gašparič, Manja Kurečič, Rupert Kargl, Uroš Maver, Lidija Gradišnik, Silvo Hribernik, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Majda Sfiligoj Smole
Regenerative medicine has a high demand for defined scaffold materials that promote cell growth, stabilize the tissue during maturation and provide a proper three dimensional structure that allows the exchange of nutrients. In many instances nanofiber composites have already shown their potential for such applications. This work elaborates the development of polysaccharide based nanofibers with integrated hydroxyapatite nanoparticles. A detailed study on the formation of electrospun nanofibres from aqueous mixtures of carboxymethyl cellulose polyethylene oxide was performed...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958905/-uro-and-nephrotoxic-effects-of-drugs-of-abuse-literature-review-and-pharmaco-epidemiological-survey-in-france-and-in-the-marseille-area
#10
Marion Gully, Élisabeth Frauger, Michel Spadari, Liselotte Pochard, Vanessa Pauly, Fanny Romain, Bertrand Gondouin, Marion Sallée, Julie Moussi-Frances, Stéphane Burtey, Bertrand Dussol, Laurent Daniel, Joëlle Micallef, Noémie Jourde-Chiche
A great diversification of drugs of abuse has been observed in recent years, both in the populations using them and in the types of drugs. Although dependency and psychiatric disorders associated with the abuse of these substances is well known, somatic complications, uro-nephrotoxicity in particular, are less recognized. We propose here an overview of the products used by drugs abusers in France, through the analysis of the national pharmaco-epidemiological study Observation des produits psychotropes illicites ou détournés de leur utilisation médicamenteuse (OPPIDUM)...
September 25, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910517/pediatric-flexible-and-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-european-centers-availability-and-current-practice
#11
Dirk Schramm, Yin Yu, Anna Wiemers, Christina Vossen, Deborah Snijders, Uros Krivec, Kostas Priftis, Eber Ernst, Petr Pohunek
AIM: Eighteen years have passed since the last European survey concerning practices in pediatric bronchoscopy was conducted. Therefore, members of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Pediatric Bronchology Group 7.7, initiated the "European Pediatric Bronchoscopy Survey 2015," which aimed to assess the current state of this evolving diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the field of pediatric respiratory medicine. METHOD: A questionnaire was sent to national representatives of 44 European countries with the request to distribute it to all centers performing pediatric bronchoscopies...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906564/use-of-monolithic-supports-for-high-throughput-protein-and-peptide-separation-in-proteomics
#12
REVIEW
Uroš Andjelković, Srdjan Tufegdžić, Milica Popović
The exclusive properties of monolithic supports enable fast mass transfer, high porosity, low back pressure, easy preparation process and miniaturisation and the availability of different chemistries make them particularly suitable materials for high-throughput (HTP) protein and peptide separation. In this review recent advances in monolith-based chromatographic supports for HTP screening of protein and peptide samples are presented and their application in HTP sample preparation (separation, enrichment, depletion, proteolytic digestion) for HTP proteomics is discussed...
September 14, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903867/detection-accuracy-of-renibacterium-salmoninarum-in-chinook-salmon-oncorhynchus-tshawytscha-walbaum-from-non-lethally-collected-samples-effects-of-exposure-route-and-disease-severity
#13
Carolyn A Richards, Cheryl A Murphy, Travis O Brenden, Thomas P Loch, Mohamed Faisal
Bacterial kidney disease (BKD), caused by Renibacterium salmoninarum, threatens salmonid populations throughout the Northern hemisphere. Many fishery regulatory authorities require ongoing disease monitoring in hatcheries and spawning runs prior to gamete collection to prevent BKD outbreaks and spread. According to diagnostic protocols of the American Fisheries Society-Fish Health Section, monitoring for R. salmoninarum generally consists of lethal sampling of visceral organs from fish. However, non-lethal sampling would be preferable, especially for valuable broodstock or endangered species...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889377/molecular-subtype-profiling-of-urothelial-carcinoma-using-a-subtype-specific-immunohistochemistry-panel
#14
Gottfrid Sjödahl
Molecular subtypes of bladder cancer (BC) can be determined by relatively small immunohistochemistry panels both for non-muscle invasive (NMI) and muscle invasive (MI) tumors. For analysis of NMI tumors, as few as two markers are needed, although classification is dependent also on pathological grade and histological evaluation. The result is a classification into the three tumor-cell phenotypes of NMI-BC, Urothelial-like (Uro), Genomically Unstable (GU), and Basal/SCC-like. For analysis of MI tumors, 13 markers are needed...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887442/targeting-deficiencies-in-the-tlr5-mediated-vaginal-response-to-treat-female-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection
#15
Ased S M Ali, Catherine Mowbray, Marcelo Lanz, Anna Stanton, Samantha Bowen, Claire L Varley, Paul Hilton, Karen Brown, Wendy Robson, Jennifer Southgate, Phillip D Aldridge, Alison Tyson-Capper, Soman Abraham, Robert S Pickard, Judith Hall
The identification of the host defence peptides as target effectors in the innate defence of the uro-genital tract creates new translational possibilities for immunomodulatory therapies, specifically vaginal therapies to treat women suffering from rUTI, particularly those carrying the TLR5_C1174T SNP. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a microbial disease reported worldwide. Women are particularly susceptible with many suffering debilitating recurrent (r) infections. Treatment is by antibiotics, but such therapy is linked to antibiotic resistance and re-infection...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887095/psychological-distress-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-urological-cancer-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study
#16
Antonio Luigi Pastore, Ana Mir, Serena Maruccia, Giovanni Palleschi, Antonio Carbone, Cristina Lopez, Nuria Camps, Joan Palou
PURPOSE: Interest in the disease-specific psychological well-being of patients with cancer has increased, and it has been estimated that less than half of all patients with cancer are properly identified and subsequently treated for anxiety or depression. The aim of this study is to evaluate psychological distress in uro-oncological patients undergoing different surgeries: radical cystectomy, radical prostatectomy, radical nephrectomy, or transurethral resection (TUR) before the surgery...
September 5, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877065/hpv-related-multiphenotypic-sinonasal-carcinoma-an-expanded-series-of-49-cases-of-the-tumor-formerly-known-as-hpv-related-carcinoma-with-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-like-features
#17
Justin A Bishop, Simon Andreasen, Jen-Fan Hang, Martin J Bullock, Tiffany Y Chen, Alessandro Franchi, Joaquin J Garcia, Douglas R Gnepp, Carmen R Gomez-Fernandez, Stephan Ihrler, Ying-Ju Kuo, James S Lewis, Kelly R Magliocca, Stefan Pambuccian, Ann Sandison, Emmanuelle Uro-Coste, Edward Stelow, Katalin Kiss, William H Westra
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related multiphenotypic sinonasal carcinoma (HMSC), originally known as HPV-related carcinoma with adenoid cystic carcinoma-like features, is a peculiar neoplasm that is restricted to the sinonasal tract, exhibits features of both a surface-derived and salivary gland carcinoma (particularly adenoid cystic carcinoma), and is associated with high-risk HPV. Given the limited number of published cases, the full clinicopathologic spectrum of this neoplasm is unclear. Here, we present an updated experience of 49 cases...
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865079/acquired-erythropoietic-uroporphyria-secondary-to-myelodysplastic-syndrome-with-chromosome-3-alterations-a-case-report
#18
S Podlipnik, F Guijarro, A Combalia, J To-Figueras, C Badenas, D Costa, M Rozman, S Jorge, P Aguilera, A Gaya
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare, autosomal recessive disease caused by a deficiency of uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UROS), due to mutations in the UROS gene in chromosome 10. On occasion, patients show a mild late-onset disease, without germline UROS mutations, associated with hematologic malignancies. We report a 65-year-old patient with photosensitivity, porphyrins overexcretion and thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow analysis gave a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with the presence of a derivative chromosome 3, possible due to an inversion including 3q21 and 3q26 breakpoints...
September 2, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833267/affinity-chromatography-on-monolithic-supports-for-simultaneous-and-high-throughput-isolation-of-immunoglobulins-from-human-serum
#19
Tamara Martinović, Uroš Andjelković, Marko Klobučar, Urh Černigoj, Jana Vidič, Marina Lučić, Krešimir Pavelić, Djuro Josić
Post translational modifications of immunoglobulins have been a topic of great interest and have been repeatedly reported as a major factor in disease pathology. Cost-effective, reproducible and high-throughput (HTP) isolation of immunoglobulins from human serum is vital for studying the changes in protein structure and the following understanding of disease development. Although there are many methods for the isolation of specific immunoglobulin classes, only a few of them are applicable for isolation of all subtypes and variants...
August 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830344/tum1-is-involved-in-the-metabolism-of-sterol-esters-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Katja Uršič, Mojca Ogrizović, Dušan Kordiš, Klaus Natter, Uroš Petrovič
BACKGROUND: The only hitherto known biological role of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Tum1 protein is in the tRNA thiolation pathway. The mammalian homologue of the yeast TUM1 gene, the thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (a.k.a. rhodanese) Tst, has been proposed as an obesity-resistance and antidiabetic gene. To assess the role of Tum1 in cell metabolism and the putative functional connection between lipid metabolism and tRNA modification, we analysed evolutionary conservation of the rhodanese protein superfamily, investigated the role of Tum1 in lipid metabolism, and examined the phenotype of yeast strains expressing the mouse homologue of Tum1, TST...
August 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
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