keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

zinc, brain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933778/thermodynamic-additivity-for-impacts-of-base-pair-substitutions-on-association-of-the-egr-1-zinc-finger-protein-with-dna
#1
Abhijnan Chattopadhyay, Levani Zandarashvili, Ross H Luu, Junji Iwahara
The transcription factor Egr-1 specifically binds as a monomer to its 9 bp target DNA sequence, GCGTGGGCG, via three zinc fingers and plays important roles in the brain and cardiovascular systems. Using fluorescence-based competitive binding assays, we systematically analyzed the impacts of all possible single-nucleotide substitutions in the target DNA sequence and determined the change in binding free energy for each. Then, we measured the changes in binding free energy for sequences with multiple substitutions and compared them with the sum of the changes in binding free energy for each constituent single substitution...
November 29, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918959/specificity-protein-1-zinc-finger-protein-179-pathway-is-involved-in-the-attenuation-of-oxidative-stress-following-brain-injury
#2
Jian-Ying Chuang, Tzu-Jen Kao, Shu-Hui Lin, An-Chih Wu, Pin-Tse Lee, Tsung-Ping Su, Shiu-Hwa Yeh, Yi-Chao Lee, Chung-Che Wu, Wen-Chang Chang
After sudden traumatic brain injuries, secondary injuries may occur during the following days or weeks, which leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Since ROS exacerbate brain damage, it is important to protect neurons against their activity. Zinc finger protein 179 (Znf179) was shown to act as a neuroprotective factor, but the regulation of gene expression under oxidative stress remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrated an increase in Znf179 protein levels in both in vitro model of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced ROS accumulation and animal models of traumatic brain injury...
November 29, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916457/molecular-basis-for-subtype-specificity-and-high-affinity-zinc-inhibition-in-the-glun1-glun2a-nmda-receptor-amino-terminal-domain
#3
Annabel Romero-Hernandez, Noriko Simorowski, Erkan Karakas, Hiro Furukawa
Zinc is vastly present in the mammalian brain and controls functions of various cell surface receptors to regulate neurotransmission. A distinctive characteristic of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors containing a GluN2A subunit is that their ion channel activity is allosterically inhibited by a nano-molar concentration of zinc that binds to an extracellular domain called an amino-terminal domain (ATD). Despite physiological importance, the molecular mechanism underlying the high-affinity zinc inhibition has been incomplete because of the lack of a GluN2A ATD structure...
November 21, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916310/effects-of-chronic-dietary-exposure-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-on-the-serum-protein-profile-of-juvenile-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l
#4
Latifeh Chupani, Eliška Zusková, Hamid Niksirat, Aleš Panáček, Vanessa Lünsmann, Sven-Bastiaan Haange, Martin von Bergen, Nico Jehmlich
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) have been dramatically used in industry, biology, and medicine. Despite their interesting physico-chemical properties for application in various industrial, medical, and consumer products, safe use of ZnO NPs are under challenges due to the inadequate information related to their toxicological endpoints. Proteomics was applied to evaluate the sub-lethal effects of dietary exposure to ZnO NPs on serum proteome profile of juvenile common carp, (Cyprinus carpio). Therefore, ZnO NPs solution (500mgkg(-1) of feed) was added to a commercial carp feed for six weeks...
December 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908423/copper-brain-protein-protection-against-free-radical-induced-neuronal-death-survival-ratio-in-sh-sy5y-neuroblastoma-cell-cultures
#5
Roger Deloncle, Bernard Fauconneau, Olivier Guillard, José Delaval, Gérard Lesage, Alain Pineau
In Creutzfeldt Jakob, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, copper metalloproteins such as prion, amyloid protein precursor and α-synuclein are able to protect against free radicals by reduction from cupric Cu(+2) to cupreous Cu(+). In these pathologies, a regional copper (Cu) brain decrease correlated with an iron, zinc or manganese (Mn) increase has previously been observed, leading to local neuronal death and abnormal deposition of these metalloproteins in β-sheet structures. In this study we demonstrate the protective effect of Cu metalloproteins against deleterious free-radical effects...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899761/rehabilitation-augments-hematoma-clearance-and-attenuates-oxidative-injury-and-ion-dyshomeostasis-after-brain-hemorrhage
#6
Michael R Williamson, Kristen Dietrich, Mark J Hackett, Sally Caine, Colby A Nadeau, Jasmine R Aziz, Helen Nichol, Phyllis G Paterson, Frederick Colbourne
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We assessed the elemental and biochemical effects of rehabilitation after intracerebral hemorrhage, with emphasis on iron-mediated oxidative stress, using a novel multimodal biospectroscopic imaging approach. METHODS: Collagenase-induced striatal hemorrhage was produced in rats that were randomized to enriched rehabilitation or control intervention starting on day 7. Animals were euthanized on day 14 or 21, a period of ongoing cell death...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884640/biodegradation-of-the-zno-eu-nanoparticles-in-the-tissues-of-adult-mouse-after-alimentary-application
#7
Paula Kielbik, Jaroslaw Kaszewski, Julita Rosowska, Ewelina Wolska, Bartłomiej S Witkowski, Mikolaj A Gralak, Zdzisław Gajewski, Marek Godlewski, Michal M Godlewski
Biodegradable zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are considered promising materials for future biomedical applications. To fulfil this potential, biodistribution and elimination patterns of ZnO NPs in the living organism need to be resolved. In order to investigate gastrointestinal absorption of ZnO NPs and their intra-organism distribution, water suspension of ZnO or fluorescent ZnO:Eu (Europium-doped zinc oxide) NPs (10mg/ml; 0.3ml/mouse) was alimentary-administered (IG: intra-gastric) to adult mice. Internal organs collected at key time-points after IG were evaluated by AAS for Zn concentration and analysed by cytometric techniques...
November 21, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875292/dissociation-of-golgi-associated-dhhc-type-zinc-finger-protein-godz-and-sertoli-cell-gene-with-a-zinc-finger-domain-%C3%AE-serz-%C3%AE-mediated-palmitoylation-by-loss-of-function-analyses-in-knockout-mice
#8
Casey L Kilpatrick, Shoko Murakami, Mengyang Feng, Xia Wu, Rachnanjali Lal, Gong Chen, Keyong Du, Bernhard Luscher
The γ2 subunit of GABA-A receptors (GABAARs) is thought to be subject to palmitoylation by both, Golgi-associated DHHC-type zinc finger protein (GODZ, also known as DHHC3) and its paralog, Sertoli cell gene with a Zinc finger domain-β (SERZ-β, DHHC7) based on overexpression of enzymes and substrates in heterologous cells. We here have further investigated the substrate specificity of these enzymes by characterization of GODZ and SERZ-β knockout (KO) mice as well as double KO (DKO) neurons. Palmitoylation of γ2 and a second substrate, growth associated protein 43 (GAP-43) that is independently implicated in trafficking of GABAARs, was significantly reduced in brain of GODZ KO vs...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834125/role-of-ageing-and-oxidative-stress-in-regulation-of-amyloid-degrading-enzymes-and-development-of-neurodegeneration
#9
Natalia N Nalivaeva, Anthony J Turner
The accumulation of cerebral amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) is a key precipitating factor for neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, brain Aβ levels are modifiable since there is a balance between its formation from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its removal by clearance mechanisms, which can be either through proteolysis or by protein binding and subsequent transport). Among the major enzymes degrading brain Aβ are several zinc-proteases: neprilysin (NEP), its homologues NEP2 and the endothelin converting enzymes (ECE-1 and -2) and also the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE)...
November 10, 2016: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825785/negative-correlation-between-csf-zinc-level-and-anxiety-in-male-chinese-subjects
#10
Na Song, Dongsheng Yu, Yimin Kang, Zhiyong Cao, Xiaoyu Yang, Jian Wang, Yanlong Liu, Fan Wang
Zinc is crucial for brain development and psychiatric regulation. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) zinc level and anxiety in a group of male Chinese subjects. Results demonstrated that zinc levels had no considerable interindividual variations, ranging from 8.37 to 16.83µm. Correlation analyses revealed that CSF Zinc levels were positively correlated with education years (r=0.225, p=0.024) and negatively correlated with SAS scores (r=-0.287, p=0.004), but not associated with age or BMI...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818163/down-regulation-of-zinc-transporter-1-in-astrocytes-induces-neuropathic-pain-via-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-k-cl-co-transporter-2-signaling-pathway-in-the-mouse-spinal-cord
#11
Tomoya Kitayama, Katsuya Morita, Naoyo Motoyama, Toshihiro Dohi
We previously demonstrated, using a DNA microarray analysis, the down-regulated expression of the slc30a1 gene (zinc transporter 1, ZnT1) in a neuropathic pain model induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL). Zinc is an essential trace mineral that plays important roles in physiological functions, and ZnT1 modulates intracellular zinc levels. In the present study, we examined the effects of the down-regulation of the ZnT1 gene in the spinal cord on tactile allodynia. The knockdown (KD) of ZnT1 by the intrathecal administration of siRNA against ZnT1 to mice induced allodynia, a characteristic syndrome of neuropathic pain, which persisted for at least one month...
December 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775603/zinc-finger-and-x-linked-factor-zfx-binds-to-human-set-transcript-2-promoter-and-transactivates-set-expression
#12
Siliang Xu, Ping Duan, Jinping Li, Tristan Senkowski, Fengbiao Guo, Haibin Chen, Alberto Romero, Yugui Cui, Jiayin Liu, Shi-Wen Jiang
SET (SE Translocation) protein carries out multiple functions including those for protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibition, histone modification, DNA repair, and gene regulation. SET overexpression has been detected in brain neurons of patients suffering Alzheimer's disease, follicle theca cells of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) patients, and ovarian cancer cells, indicating that SET may play a pathological role for these disorders. SET transcript 2, produced by a specific promoter, represents a major transcript variant in different cell types...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773743/zinc-plus-cyclo-his-pro-promotes-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-rats
#13
Bo Young Choi, In Yeol Kim, Jin Hee Kim, Bo Eun Lee, Song Hee Lee, A Ra Kho, Min Sohn, Sang Won Suh
Zinc is a central actor in regulating stem cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the adult brain. High levels of vesicular zinc are found in the presynaptic terminals. It has been demonstrated that high levels of vesicular zinc are localized in the presynaptic terminals of the granule cells of the dentate gyrus (DG) and that neurogenesis occurs in the subgranular zone (SGZ). Furthermore, zinc chelation reduces hippocampal neurogenesis in pathological conditions such as hypoglycemia, epilepsy and traumatic brain injury...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732669/effects-of-long-term-exposure-to-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-on-development-zinc-metabolism-and-biodistribution-of-minerals-zn-fe-cu-mn-in-mice
#14
Chao Wang, Jianjun Lu, Le Zhou, Jun Li, Jiaman Xu, Weijian Li, Lili Zhang, Xiang Zhong, Tian Wang
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (nano-ZnOs) are widely used and possess great potentials in agriculture and biomedicine. It is inevitable for human exposure to these nanoparticles. However, no study had been conducted to investigate the long term effects of nano-ZnOs. This study aimed at investigating effects of nano-ZnOs on development, zinc metabolism and biodistribution of minerals (Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mn) in mice from week 3 to 35. After the characteristics of nano-ZnOs were determined, they were added into the basal diet at 0, 50, 500 and 5000 mg/kg...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716383/upregulation-of-neuronal-zinc-finger-protein-a20-expression-is-required-for-electroacupuncture-to-attenuate-the-cerebral-inflammatory-injury-mediated-by-the-nuclear-factor-kb-signaling-pathway-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-rats
#15
Jian Zhan, Wenyi Qin, Ying Zhang, Jing Jiang, Hongmei Ma, Qiongli Li, Yong Luo
BACKGROUND: Zinc finger protein A20 (tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3) functions as a potent negative feedback inhibitor of the nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) signaling. It exerts these effects by interrupting the activation of IkB kinase beta (IKKβ), the most critical kinase in upstream of NF-kB, and thereby controlling inflammatory homeostasis. We reported previously that electroacupuncture (EA) could effectively suppress IKKβ activation. However, the mechanism underlying these effects was unclear...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714634/zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-induces-microglial-death-by-nadph-oxidase-independent-reactive-oxygen-species-as-well-as-energy-depletion
#16
Anuj Kumar Sharma, Vikas Singh, Ruchi Gera, Mahaveer Prasad Purohit, Debabrata Ghosh
Zinc oxide nanoparticle (ZnO-NP) is one of the most widely used engineered nanoparticles. Upon exposure, nanoparticle can eventually reach the brain through various routes, interact with different brain cells, and alter their activity. Microglia is the fastest glial cell to respond to any toxic insult. Nanoparticle exposure can activate microglia and induce neuroinflammation. Simultaneous to activation, microglial death can exacerbate the scenario. Therefore, we focused on studying the effect of ZnO-NP on microglia and finding out the pathway involved in the microglial death...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683878/transcriptional-fingerprint-of-hypomyelination-in-zfp191null-and-shiverer-mbpshi-mice
#17
Joshua D Aaker, Benayahu Elbaz, Yuwen Wu, Timothy J Looney, Li Zhang, Bruce T Lahn, Brian Popko
The transcriptional program that controls oligodendrocyte maturation and central nervous system (CNS) myelination has not been fully characterized. In this study, we use high-throughput RNA sequencing to analyze how the loss of a key transcription factor, zinc finger protein 191 (ZFP191), results in oligodendrocyte development abnormalities and CNS hypomyelination. Using a previously described mutant mouse that is deficient in ZFP191 protein expression (Zfp191(null)), we demonstrate that key transcripts are reduced in the whole brain as well as within oligodendrocyte lineage cells cultured in vitro To determine whether the loss of myelin seen in Zfp191(null) mice contributes indirectly to these perturbations, we also examined the transcriptome of a well-characterized mouse model of hypomyelination, in which the myelin structural protein myelin basic protein (MBP) is deficient...
October 2016: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664459/immunohistochemical-investigation-of-the-internal-structure-of-the-mouse-subiculum
#18
Yoshihisa Ishihara, Takaichi Fukuda
The subiculum is the output component of the hippocampal formation and holds a key position in the neural circuitry of memory. Previous studies have demonstrated the subiculum's connectivity to other brain areas in detail; however, little is known regarding its internal structure. We investigated the cytoarchitecture of the temporal and mid-septotemporal parts of the subiculum using immunohistochemistry. The border between the CA1 region and subiculum was determined by both cytoarchitecture and zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3)-immunoreactivity (IR), whereas the border between the subiculum and presubiculum (PreS) was partially indicated by glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1)-IR...
September 21, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661418/zinc-transporters-protein-level-in-postmortem-brain-of-depressed-subjects-and-suicide-victims
#19
Anna Rafalo-Ulinska, Joanna Piotrowska, Agata Kryczyk, Włodzimierz Opoka, Magdalena Sowa-Kucma, Paulina Misztak, Grazyna Rajkowska, Craig A Stockmeier, Wojciech Datka, Gabriel Nowak, Bernadeta Szewczyk
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious psychiatric illness, associated with an increasing rate of suicide. The pathogenesis of depression may be associated with the disruption of zinc (Zn) homeostasis. In the brain, several proteins that regulate Zn homeostasis are present, including Zn transporters (ZnTs) which remove Zn from the cytosol. The present study was designed to investigate whether depression and suicide are associated with alterations in the expression of the ZnTs protein...
December 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651427/characteristic-response-to-chemosensory-signals-in-gabaergic-cells-of-medial-amygdala-is-not-driven-by-main-olfactory-input
#20
Jenne M Westberry, Michael Meredith
Chemosensory stimuli from same species (conspecific) and different species (heterospecific) elicit categorically different immediate-early gene (IEG) response patterns in medial amygdala in male hamsters and mice. All heterospecific stimuli activate anterior medial amygdala (MeA) but only especially salient heterospecific stimuli, such as those from predators activate posterior medial amygdala (MeP). We previously reported that characteristic patterns of response in separate populations of cells in MeA and MeP distinguish between different conspecific stimuli...
September 20, 2016: Chemical Senses
keyword
keyword
97982
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"