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Disaster preparedness in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734967/floods-increase-the-risks-of-hand-foot-mouth-disease-in-qingdao-china-2009-2013-a-quantitative-analysis
#1
Xiaowen Hu, Fachun Jiang, Wei Ni
BACKGROUND: We aimed to quantify the impact of few times floods on hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Qingdao during 2009-2013. METHODS: The Spearman correlation test was applied to examine the lagged effects of floods on monthly morbidity of HFMD during study period in Qingdao. We further quantified the effects of 5 flood events on the morbidity of HFMD using the time-series Poisson regression controlling for climatic factors, seasonality, and lagged effects among different populations...
May 8, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650165/therapeutic-group-therapy-improved-self-efficacy-of-school-age-children
#2
Cindy Cleodora, Mustikasari, Dewi Gayatri
OBJECTIVE: The survival of children against disaster can be seen from their confidence in their ability (self-efficacy). Self-efficacy can help children to determine their ability against disaster as preparedness. The proper intervention to increase self-efficacy as a protective factor is a therapeutic group therapy. The aim of this research is to measure the increase of self-efficacy of school age children against earthquake and Tsunami through therapeutic group therapy. METHOD: This research used quasi-experimental design with pre-post-tests with control group...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510775/evaluation-and-gap-analysis-of-pediatric-disaster-preparedness-resources
#3
Tessa J Koeffler, Natalie E Demeter, Lynn Kysh, Jeffrey Reeb, Alix Stayton, Robert Spears, Rita V Burke
The goal of this research was to identify, summarize, and evaluate pediatric disaster preparedness resources in the United States and to identify areas that need improvement or further development. Using standard literature, gray literature and website reviews, relevant resources were identified and the 50 most relevant resources were studied in depth. Each resource was given a grade of A, B, or C based on content, format, quality, and thoroughness. These resources were divided into 3 categories: (1) hospital resources, (2) school resources, and (3) training/education resources...
March 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467059/creation-of-a-collaborative-disaster-preparedness-video-for-daycare-providers-use-of-the-delphi-model-for-the-creation-of-a-comprehensive-disaster-preparedness-video-for-daycare-providers
#4
Pamela Mar, Robert Spears, Jeffrey Reeb, Sarah B Thompson, Paul Myers, Rita V Burke
OBJECTIVE: Eight million American children under the age of 5 attend daycare and more than another 50 million American children are in school or daycare settings. Emergency planning requirements for daycare licensing vary by state. Expert opinions were used to create a disaster preparedness video designed for daycare providers to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios. METHODS: Various stakeholders (17) devised the outline for an educational pre-disaster video for child daycare providers using the Delphi technique...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444728/the-long-term-effects-of-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-on-women-s-depression-and-mental-distress
#5
Ariane Lisann Rung, Evrim Oral, Elizabeth Fontham, Daniel J Harrington, Edward J Trapido, Edward S Peters
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to describe changes in mental health among women following an oil spill and to examine their association with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DHOS). METHODS: The Women and Their Children's Health study followed 2038 women in Louisiana after the DHOS. Subjects were interviewed in 2012-2014 and 2014-2016. Oil spill exposure was characterized using survey items about economic and physical exposures. Outcomes were depressive symptoms and mental distress...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382399/triage-by-resource-allocation-for-inpatients-a-novel-disaster-triage-tool-for-hospitalized-pediatric-patients
#6
Anna Lin, Kristine Taylor, Ronald S Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To develop a disaster triage tool for the evacuation of hospitalized neonatal and pediatric populations. METHODS: We expanded an existing neonatal disaster triage tool for the evacuation of a children's hospital. We assessed inpatients using bedside visual assessments and chart review to categorize patients transport level based on local emergency medical services protocols and expert opinion. The tool was refined by using multiple Plan Do Study Act cycles...
January 31, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351048/academic-community-partnership-educating-children-about-weather-related-disaster-preparedness
#7
Melissa Foster, Elizabeth Barnby
Children are a population that has an increased risk of harm during any disaster events. This risk can be decreased by educating children in disaster preparedness skills. This article outlines a basic modifiable curriculum for teaching weather-related disaster preparedness to children ages 10-13, and shares how this was accomplished at an elementary school in North Alabama through a collaboration between the school and a local college of nursing.
May 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332616/addressing-children-s-needs-in-disasters-a-regional-pediatric-tabletop-exercise
#8
Sarita Chung, Aaron H Gardner, David J Schonfeld, Jessica L Franks, Marvin So, Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock
OBJECTIVE: Preparing and responding to the needs of children during public health emergencies continues to be challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a tabletop exercise in initiating pediatric preparedness strategies and assessing the impact of the exercise on participants' understanding of and confidence in their roles during pediatric public health emergencies. METHODS: A tabletop exercise was developed to simulate a public health emergency scenario involving smallpox in a child, with subsequent spread to multiple states...
January 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#9
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
May 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178814/natural-hazards-preparedness-in-taiwan-a-comparison-between-households-with-and-without-disabled-members
#10
Ziqiang Han, Hong Wang, Qingyue Du, Yongyi Zeng
People with disabilities are one of the most vulnerable groups to natural hazards. Preparedness is critical to protect life and reduce disaster impact. This article discusses the knowledge of the disaster preparedness behaviors of people with disabilities using updated, representative data from Taiwan (2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey), with a comparison to households without disabled members. The adoption of 6 preparedness activities-relocating vehicles or valuable things to a safer place, purchasing insurance, securing furniture, preparing an emergency kit, planning evacuation, and participating in drills-are used separately as dependent variables...
November 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#11
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039300/disaster-preparedness-of-child-care-teachers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#12
Dongchoon Uhm, Hyang Soon Oh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the differences in personal disaster preparedness and disaster risk perception among child care and preschool teachers in South Korea by using demographic characteristics and disaster-related questions. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-reporting questionnaire was administered from February to October 2014. RESULTS: Of all the participants, 68.1% had received disaster preparedness education and training on 2 or more occasions per year; 13...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925348/identification-with-terrorist-attack-victims-association-with-television-viewing-and-prior-life-threat
#13
Holly B Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, K Nikki Benevides, Robert J Ursano
OBJECTIVE: A series of sniper attacks in the Washington, DC, area left 10 people dead and 3 wounded. We developed and tested a model that examined the unique and interdependent relationships of sniper-related television viewing, prior life-threatening events, and parental status to identification with attack victims. METHODS: Participants were 1238 residents of the DC area (aged 18-90 years, mean=41.7 years; 51% female; 68% white) who completed an online survey that assessed identification with sniper attack victims, amount of television viewing, and prior life-threatening events...
September 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892439/a-child-s-health-is-the-public-s-health-progress-and-gaps-in-addressing-pediatric-needs-in-public-health-emergencies
#14
Eric J Dziuban, Georgina Peacock, Michael Frogel
Children are the most prevalent vulnerable population in US society and have unique needs during the response to and recovery from public health emergencies. The physiological, behavioral, developmental, social, and mental health differences of children require specific attention in preparedness efforts. Despite often being more severely affected in disasters, children's needs are historically underrepresented in preparedness. Since 2001, much progress has been made in addressing this disparity through better pediatric incorporation in preparedness planning from national to local levels...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831950/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-children-of-kathmandu-1-year-after-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#15
Shneha Acharya, Dharma Nanda Bhatta, Sawitri Assannangkornchai
OBJECTIVE: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal affected the country in terms of economy, and by causing damage and stress reactions. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and determine individual child- and family-level predictors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Kathmandu district 15 months after the earthquake. Multistage cluster sampling was adopted to collect 800 earthquake-affected children aged 7-16 years and a face-to-face interview was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#16
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760169/the-importance-of-self-efficacy-in-parental-emergency-preparedness-a-moderated-mediation-model
#17
Meagan T Ryan, Cynthia A Rohrbeck, Philip W Wirtz
OBJECTIVE: Disasters occur without warning and can have devastating consequences. Emergency preparedness can reduce negative effects. It is especially important that parents prepare, as children are particularly vulnerable after disasters. This study tested 2 hypotheses: (1) adults with more children are likely to be better prepared than those with fewer or no children because greater caretaking is linked to greater perceived threat of disaster leading to greater preparedness and (2) the strength of this mediational link varies as a function of parental self-efficacy...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691214/earthquake-preparedness-among-japanese-hemodialysis-patients-in-prefectures-heavily-damaged-by-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake
#18
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Yumiko Shimizu, Tamaki Kumagai, Hiroaki Sugisaki, Seiji Ohira, Toshio Shinoda
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors related to earthquake preparedness in Japanese hemodialysis patients. We focused on three aspects of the related factors: health condition factors, social factors, and the experience of disasters. A mail survey of all the members of the Japan Association of Kidney Disease Patients in three Japanese prefectures (N = 4085) was conducted in March, 2013. We obtained 1841 valid responses for analysis. The health factors covered were: activities of daily living (ADL), mental distress, primary renal diseases, and the duration of dialysis...
August 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659215/how-evacuees-obtained-health-care-information-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-qualitative-interview-study
#19
Haruka Ota, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To explore how evacuees obtained health care information at their evacuation destinations after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews of 11 evacuees who moved to City A in Kyoto Prefecture following the Great East Japan Earthquake. The interviews explored how the evacuees obtained health care information, including the main factors of influence. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed to identify trends by using the constant comparative method...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645042/the-changing-health-priorities-of-earthquake-response-and-implications-for-preparedness-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
C Cartwright, M Hall, A C K Lee
OBJECTIVES: Earthquakes have substantial impacts on mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The academic evidence base to support Disaster Risk Reduction activities in LMIC settings is, however, limited. We sought to address this gap by identifying the health and healthcare impacts of earthquakes in LMICs and to identify the implications of these findings for future earthquake preparedness. STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken with systematic searches of indexed databases to identify relevant literature...
September 2017: Public Health
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