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eating disorder and anxiety

Ana Marques, Michela Figorilli, Bruno Pereira, Philippe Derost, Berengere Debilly, Patricia Beudin, Tiphaine Vidal, Franck Durif, Maria Livia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Although dopamine replacement therapy is the main risk factor for the occurrence of Impulse Control Disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's disease (PD), non-pharmacological risk factors for have also been identified in that population and sleep disorders could be part of them. Our objective is to determine whether Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), that has been associated with more impulsive choices in general population regardless of dopaminergic therapy, could be associated with a specific psycho-behavioral profile and ICDs in PD...
March 1, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Ana R Sepúlveda, Santos Solano, Miriam Blanco, Tatiana Lacruz, Montserrat Graell
The aim was to examine the prevalence of childhood mental disorders in overweight/obese pediatric sample and also to explore the relationship between these pathologies and loss of control eating (LOC). Another aim was to assess the association between psychopathology and severity of obesity. A total of 170 children from different Health Centers were evaluated (84 girls and 86 boys; aged 8 to 12 years). Childhood psychological problems were assessed through a standardized diagnostic interview schedule (K-SADS-R) and by questionnaires (STAIC for anxiety, CDI for depression and ChEAT for disordered eating)...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich
Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentrations of cytokines in individuals with EDs. Using PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed relevant articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
G D Traviss-Turner, U Philpot, J Wilton, K Green, S Heywood-Everett, A J Hill
An estimated 30% of patients accessing community weight management services experience symptoms of binge eating disorder (BED). Guided self-help (GSH) is the recommended first line of treatment for BED. This study is a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of GSH delivered by dietitians for patients with binge eating within a weight management service and a consideration of the association between wellbeing, therapeutic relationship and outcomes. The study was conducted as a single group, pre- and post-intervention study with 24 patients reporting symptoms of binge eating who completed the self-help manual with guidance from a trained community dietitian...
June 14, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Béré Mahoney
Fear and anxiety about aging have increased amongst female university students and these personal aging concerns are associated with disturbed eating, also prevalent in this group. Evidence suggests concern about aging appearance could account for the link between aging anxiety and problem eating in young women due to their belief in the thin - youth ideal. However, whether appearance concern is the strongest aging anxiety predictor of global and specific disturbed eating behaviors is unclear. The study examines this in a sample of female students at a Midlands university in the United Kingdom (N = 200, 18 - 39 years) who completed the Anxiety about Aging Scale and the Eating Disorders Inventory-3...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Liia Kivelä, Marinos Rodolfos Papadopoulos, Niki Antypa
Purpose of Review: Chronotype, reflecting interindividual differences in daily activity patterns and sleep-wake cycles, is intrinsically connected with well-being. Research indicates increased risk of many adverse mental health outcomes for evening-type individuals. Here, we provide an overview of the current evidence available on the relationship between chronotype and psychiatric disorders. Recent Findings: The association between eveningness and depression is well established cross-sectionally, with preliminary support from longitudinal studies...
2018: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
Sahib S Khalsa, Ralph Adolphs, Oliver G Cameron, Hugo D Critchley, Paul W Davenport, Justin S Feinstein, Jamie D Feusner, Sarah N Garfinkel, Richard D Lane, Wolf E Mehling, Alicia E Meuret, Charles B Nemeroff, Stephen Oppenheimer, Frederike H Petzschner, Olga Pollatos, Jamie L Rhudy, Lawrence P Schramm, W Kyle Simmons, Murray B Stein, Klaas E Stephan, Omer Van den Bergh, Ilse Van Diest, Andreas von Leupoldt, Martin P Paulus
Interoception refers to the process by which the nervous system senses, interprets, and integrates signals originating from within the body, providing a moment-by-moment mapping of the body's internal landscape across conscious and unconscious levels. Interoceptive signaling has been considered a component process of reflexes, urges, feelings, drives, adaptive responses, and cognitive and emotional experiences, highlighting its contributions to the maintenance of homeostatic functioning, body regulation, and survival...
June 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Jaeun Ahn, Jung-Hyun Lee, Young-Chul Jung
OBJECTIVE: Although suicide is a major cause of mortality for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), researches about potential factors predicting suicide attempts in ED are insufficient. We sought to identify factors associated with suicide attempts in ED. METHOD: A total of 899 patients with ED were assessed via structured interviews. To compare demographic and clinical characteristics of those who had attempted suicide with those who had not, we used chi-square tests and independent t tests for categorical and continuous variables, respectively...
June 8, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Matias Carvalho Aguiar Melo, Maximilo de Oliveira Ribeiro, Carolina Freitas Cardeal de Araújo, Licia Marah Figueredo de Mesquita, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin
OBJECTIVE: Night eating syndrome (NES) involves reduced feeding during the day and evening hyperphagia sometimes accompanied by frequent nocturnal awakenings with conscious episodes of compulsive ingestion of food. Previously, NES has not been evaluated in bipolar disorder (BD). The objective of this study was to identify NES in euthymic BD patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Eighty BD patients and 40 controls were examined using the Night Eating Questionnaire, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety, Young Mania Rating Scale, Functioning Assessment Short-Test and International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Marco Solmi, Enrico Collantoni, Paolo Meneguzzo, Daniela Degortes, Elena Tenconi, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Network analysis of psychiatric symptoms describes reciprocal relationships of individual symptoms, beyond categorical diagnoses. Those with eating disorders (EDs) frequently have complex patterns of comorbid symptoms and the transdiagnostic theory includes shared common core features across diagnoses. We aim to test whether general psychiatric symptoms comprise components of these transdiagnostic features. METHODS: Network analysis was applied on 2068 patients with EDs (955 anorexia nervosa [AN], 813 bulimia nervosa [BN], and 300 binge-eating disorder [BED])...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, Richard Newton, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Zoe Jenkins, Leonardo L Cistullo, David Castle
Although empirical evidence identifies dietary restraint as a transdiagnostic eating disorder maintaining mechanism, the distinctiveness and significance of the different behavioural and cognitive components of dietary restraint are poorly understood. The present study examined the relative associations of the purportedly distinct dietary restraint components (intention to restrict, delayed eating, food avoidance, and diet rules) with measures of psychological distress (depression, anxiety, and stress), disability, and core eating disorder symptoms (overvaluation and binge eating) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
May 25, 2018: Appetite
Odile Viltart, Philibert Duriez, Virginie Tolle
The exact mechanisms linking metabolic and neuroendocrine adaptations to undernutrition and the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) are not fully understood. AN is a psychiatric disorder of complex etiology characterized by extreme starvation while the disease is progressing into a chronic state. Metabolic and endocrine alterations associated to this disorder are part of a powerful response to maintain whole body energy homeostasis. But these modifications may also contribute to associated neuropsychiatric symptoms (reward abnormalities, anxiety, depression) and thus participate to sustain the disease...
March 28, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
S Zullino, T Simoncini
SSRIs are the first choice for the treatment of mood disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Despite the known side effects, the benefits/risks balance suggests their use. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are the main vascular effects of these drugs, with mechanisms that involves endothelial dysfunction in feto-placental system. These data are supported by animal models, even if preliminary findings are not yet adequately supported by molecular and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
Jean-Nicolas Gallant, Clinton D Morgan, Joseph B Stoklosa, Stephen R Gannon, Chevis N Shannon, Christopher M Bonfield
OBJECTIVE: To examine the recent literature on psychological co-morbidities prevalent in youth living with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)-including body image, eating behaviors, and mood disorders-in order to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using the PubMed database. Eligible studies were extracted based on defined inclusion criteria and the effects of (AIS) on psychological co-morbidities were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ziad Kronfol, Batoul Khalifa, Brigitte Khoury, Omar Omar, Sariah Daouk, J P deWitt, Nourehan ElAzab, Daniel Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric problems among college students on USA campuses are common. Little is known about similar problems in developing countries, particularly the Arab region. The goal of this study was to assess the frequency of selected psychiatric problems among college students in two Arab countries: Qatar and Lebanon, and to compare them to the USA. METHODS: The Healthy Minds Study, an online confidential survey of common psychiatric symptoms designed for college campuses was used...
May 24, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Anuja Dokras, Elisabeth Stener-Victorin, Bulent O Yildiz, Rong Li, Sasha Ottey, Duru Shah, Neill Epperson, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical consensus recommendations for screening depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and disordered eating symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and review prevalence based on phenotypes and ethnicity, changes over time, etiology, and impact of treatment. DESIGN: Systematic reviews and preparation of position statement. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women with PCOS and controls screened using validated tools...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
J Hutsebaut, E M C Willemsen, H L Van
BACKGROUND: Compared to cluster B personality disorders, the assessment and treatment of people with obsessive-compulsive, dependent, and avoidant personality disorders (cluster C) is given little attention in the field of research and clinical practice. AIM: Presenting the current state of affairs in regard to cluster C personality disorders. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted using the main data bases. RESULTS: Cluster C personality disorders are present in approximately 3-9% of the general population...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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