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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441204/relationships-between-compulsive-exercise-quality-of-life-psychological-distress-and-motivation-to-change-in-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Sarah Young, Stephen Touyz, Caroline Meyer, Jon Arcelus, Paul Rhodes, Sloane Madden, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Phillipa Hay
Background: For people with anorexia nervosa (AN), compulsive exercise is characterized by extreme concerns about the perceived negative consequences of stopping/reducing exercise, dysregulation of affect, and inflexible exercise routines. It is associated with increased eating disorder psychopathology and poor clinical outcome. However, its relationships with two important clinical issues, quality of life (QoL) and motivation to change, are currently unknown. This study aimed to assess the cross-sectional relationships between compulsive exercise, QoL, psychological distress (anxiety and depressive symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive traits) and motivation to change in patients with AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437020/anorexia-nervosa-and-comorbid-psychopathology
#2
Simonetta Marucci, Laura Dalla Ragione, Giulia De Iaco, Tania Mococci, Maria Vicini, Edoardo Guastamacchia, Vincenzo Triggiani
There is great interest, supported by clinical experience, in the relationship between Eating Disorders (EDs) and psychiatric symptoms and diseases. The psychopathology of EDs is also referred to many risk and protective factors, and there is some evidence in the literature, also about genetic and neurobiological factors involved. EDs are often associated with pre-morbid psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, substance abuse, mood and anxiety disorders. The great amount of scientific articles dealing with the relationship between EDs and psychopathology confirms the complexity of these problems and the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436490/subthalamic-stimulation-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-a-long-term-follow-up-cohort-study
#3
Marie Abbes, Eugénie Lhommée, Stéphane Thobois, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Anna Castrioto, Jing Xie, Valérie Fraix, Andrea Kistner, Pierre Pélissier, Éric Seigneuret, Stéphan Chabardès, Patrick Mertens, Emmanuel Broussolle, Elena Moro, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Reports on behavioural outcomes after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease are controversial and limited to short-term data. Long-term observation in a large cohort allows a better counselling and management. METHODS: To determine whether a long-term treatment with subthalamic stimulation induces or reduces impulse control behaviours, neuropsychiatric fluctuations and apathy, 69 patients treated with subthalamic stimulation are prospectively and retrospectively assessed using Ardouin Scale of Behavior in Parkinson's Disease before and after 3-10 years of stimulation...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433610/accuracy-of-the-whooley-questions-and-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-identifying-depression-and-other-mental-disorders-in-early-pregnancy
#4
Louise Michele Howard, Elizabeth G Ryan, Kylee Trevillion, Fraser Anderson, Debra Bick, Amanda Bye, Sarah Byford, Sheila O'Connor, Polly Sands, Jill Demilew, Jeannette Milgrom, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the prevalence and identification of antenatal mental disorders. Aims To investigate the prevalence of mental disorders in early pregnancy and the diagnostic accuracy of depression-screening (Whooley) questions compared with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), against the Structured Clinical Interview DSM-IV-TR. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey of women responding to Whooley questions asked at their first antenatal appointment...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423687/inducing-negative-affect-using-film-clips-with-general-and-eating-disorder-related-content
#5
Maria Koushiou, Kalia Nicolaou, Maria Karekla
The aim of the present study was to select appropriate film clips with a general vs. eating disorder (ED)-related content to induce negative affect. More specifically, the study examined the subjective emotional experience (valence, arousal, anxiety, induction of somatic symptoms, and ability to control reactions during film clips) of Greek-Cypriot university students (N = 79) in response to three types of film clips: general unpleasant, ED-specific unpleasant, and emotionally neutral. In addition, the study aimed to compare the emotional reactions to the aforementioned clips between two groups of participants differing on their risk for ED (high vs...
February 9, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417603/a-10-session-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-t-for-eating-disorders-outcomes-from-a-case-series-of-nonunderweight-adult-patients
#6
Glenn Waller, Madeleine Tatham, Hannah Turner, Victoria A Mountford, Alison Bennetts, Kate Bramwell, Julie Dodd, Lauren Ingram
OBJECTIVE: Existing forms of evidence-based cognitive behavior therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED) are relatively effective for nonunderweight cases. However, they are also expensive compared to CBT for other disorders. This study reports the first outcomes for a shorter, 10-session form of CBT-ED (CBT-T) for such cases, designed to be less demanding of resources. METHOD: A case series of 106 nonunderweight eating disordered cases were considered for this effectiveness study...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413820/the-influence-of-non-clinical-eating-related-psychopathology-on-the-recognition-of-emotion-from-static-faces-and-realistic-social-interactions
#7
Deborah J Wallis, Nathan Ridout, Emma Sharpe
Emotion recognition deficits have consistently been reported in clinical and sub-clinical disordered eating. However, most studies have used static faces, despite the dynamic nature of everyday social interactions. The current aims were to confirm previous findings of emotion recognition deficits in non-clinical disordered eating and to determine if these deficits would be more evident in response to static as compared to dynamic emotional stimuli. We also aimed to establish if these emotion recognition deficits could be explained by comorbid psychopathology (depression, anxiety or alexithymia)...
January 31, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409164/reliability-and-structural-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-nursing-home-version
#8
Suhong Chen, Kai Lin, Hanxiao Wang, Miyae Yamakawa, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of dementia patients in China, there is a pressing need for a reliable and valid Chinese instrument that can measure neuropsychiatric symptoms in institutionalized dementia patients. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Nursing Home version (NPI-NH), in a sample of institutionalized dementia patients in China. METHODS: A total of 112 residents with dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating = 1: 10...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402395/intestinal-worms-eating-neuropsychiatric-disorders-apparently-so
#9
Henry H Kou, William Parker
A number of factors in Western society, including inflammatory diets, sedentary lifestyles, vitamin D deficiency and chronic psychological stress, are known to induce inflammation and to be associated with neuropsychiatric disorders. One factor that is emerging as a potential inflammation inducing factor is biota depletion, or loss of biodiversity from the ecosystem of the human body as a result of industrialization. Originally known as the "hygiene hypothesis", biota alteration theory describes the effects of biota alteration on the human immune system...
February 2, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397778/the-clinical-characteristics-of-kleine-levin-syndrome-according-to-ethnicity-and-geographic-location
#10
Saad M Al Shareef, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Richard M Smith, Ahmed S BaHammam
PURPOSE: Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare, relapsing-remitting, debilitating sleep disorder. Examining KLS characteristics in different ethnic populations may help elucidate the genetic basis of the disorder. No studies have examined Kleine-Levin syndrome in Arabs. Therefore, we compared the clinical characteristics of Saudi Arabian KLS patients to those in other published cohorts to determine whether Arab patients have a distinct phenotype. METHODS: This study included all patients who were diagnosed with KLS at our center between June 2003 and July 2016 (P=12;6 familial cases)...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395813/ghrelin-concentration-as-an-indicator-of-eating-disorder-risk-in-obese-women
#11
S Iceta, B Julien, K Seyssel, S Lambert-Porcheron, B Segrestin, E Blond, P Cristini, M Laville, E Disse
AIM: Eating disorders (EDs), disordered eating (DE) and obesity are thought to have overlapping aetiological processes. DE in obesity can jeopardize weight-loss results, and acyl ghrelin (AG) is a hormone that stimulates food intake and reward processes. The main study objective was to determine whether higher-than-expected concentrations of AG in common obesity are associated with DE symptoms. METHODS: The study population included 84 women, aged 20-55 years, free of established EDs: 55 were severely obese (OB) and 29 were of normal weight (NW)...
January 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394459/treatment-of-co-occurring-food-avoidance-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-adult-possible-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#12
Eloisa Steen, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This case report details the presentation and treatment of a 42-year-old male self-presenting for treatment who reported having been a restrictive eater since childhood; since adolescence he had failed to meet appropriate nutritional intake with one meal at night followed by around 10-20 standard alcoholic drinks. METHOD: Ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy were offered emphasizing the need to adhere to regular eating patterns in conjunction with significant reduction of binge drinking...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384466/affective-predictors-of-the-severity-and-change-in-eating-psychopathology-in-residential-eating-disorder-treatment-the-role-of-social-anxiety
#13
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Brad C Riemann
Despite evidence documenting relationships between eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, depression, and anxiety, little is known regarding how social anxiety is related to ED symptoms in treatment. Therefore this study examined associations between depression, general anxiety, social anxiety, and ED psychopathology at the beginning and end of treatment (EOT) among patients (N = 380) treated in a residential ED program. Participants completed measures of ED psychopathology and affective variables. Higher depression and general anxiety, but not social anxiety, were related to higher ED psychopathology at baseline...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383381/a-family-centered-feeding-intervention-to-promote-food-acceptance-and-decrease-challenging-behaviors-in-children-with-asd-report-of-follow-up-data-on-a-train-the-trainer-model-using-eat-up
#14
Deirdre Muldoon, Joanna Cosbey
Purpose: This research note outlines the usefulness of Easing Anxiety Together with Understanding and Perseverance (EAT-UP), a train-the-trainer, family-centered feeding intervention, for promoting food acceptance of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This report is a follow-up on a pilot study (n = 4) of the EAT-UP intervention previously completed by the same authors. Method: Participants were 3 families of children with ASD receiving services from an outpatient department of a larger rehabilitation hospital in the northeastern United States...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371263/tulsa-1000-a-naturalistic-study-protocol-for-multilevel-assessment-and-outcome-prediction-in-a-large-psychiatric-sample
#15
Teresa A Victor, Sahib S Khalsa, W Kyle Simmons, Justin S Feinstein, Jonathan Savitz, Robin L Aupperle, Hung-Wen Yeh, Jerzy Bodurka, Martin P Paulus
INTRODUCTION: Although neuroscience has made tremendous progress towards understanding the basic neural circuitry underlying important processes such as attention, memory and emotion, little progress has been made in applying these insights to psychiatric populations to make clinically meaningful treatment predictions. The overall aim of the Tulsa 1000 (T-1000) study is to use the NIMH Research Domain Criteria framework in order to establish a robust and reliable dimensional set of variables that quantifies the positive and negative valence, cognition and arousal domains, including interoception, to generate clinically useful treatment predictions...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370983/naturally-thin-you-weight-loss-and-psychological-symptoms-after-a-six-week-online-clinical-eft-emotional-freedom-techniques-course
#16
Dawson Church, Peta Stapleton, Lily Sheppard, Brett Carter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Traditional methods of delivering therapeutic interventions have increasingly been supplemented by online courses. The current study investigated the effects of Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) in 76 participants enrolled in a six-week online course called Naturally Thin You. Weight, restraint, the power of food in the external environment, happiness, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed before and after the course and at one-year follow-up...
December 21, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368800/food-addiction-and-associations-with-mental-health-symptoms-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
T Burrows, F Kay-Lambkin, K Pursey, J Skinner, C Dayas
BACKGROUND: The present study systematically reviewed the literature aiming to determine the relationships between food addiction, as measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and mental health symptoms. METHODS: Nine databases were searched using keywords. Studies were included if they reported: (i) YFAS diagnosis or symptom score and (ii) a mental health outcome, as well as the association between (i) and (ii). In total, 51 studies were included. RESULTS: Through meta-analysis, the mean prevalence of food addiction diagnosis was 16...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368292/living-with-someone-with-an-eating-disorder-factors-affecting-the-caregivers-burden
#18
Maria Cristina Stefanini, Maria Rita Troiani, Michela Caselli, Paolo Dirindelli, Stefano Lucarelli, Saverio Caini, Maria Grazia Martinetti
We focused on carers of subjects suffering from eating disorders (ED), and studied the characteristics that mostly expose them to high levels of stress, anxiety, depression and expressed emotion, favoring the accommodation of the family system to the cared person. We administered the accommodation and enabling scale for eating disorders (AESED) questionnaire, the family questionnaire (FQ) and the depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21) questionnaire to 97 carers of 62 ED patients, and investigated the carer's characteristics associated with the scores in the three questionnaires...
January 24, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361975/anxiety-and-the-development-and-maintenance-of-anorexia-nervosa-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#19
E Caitlin Lloyd, Anne M Haase, Bas Verplanken
BACKGROUND: Several aetiological models of anorexia nervosa (AN) hold non-eating/weight-gain-related anxiety as a factor relevant to the onset and maintenance of the disorder. Longitudinal studies that allow assessment of this hypothesis have been conducted; however, the evidence has not yet been aggregated in a systematic manner. The proposed study will systematically review articles describing prospective investigations of the relationship between anxiety and AN development or maintenance, with the aim of providing a balanced summary of current understanding and identifying areas for further research...
January 24, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359252/smartphone-based-objective-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder-status-and-considerations
#20
REVIEW
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Michael Bauer, Lars Vedel Kessing
In 2001, the WHO stated that: "The use of mobile and wireless technologies to support the achievement of health objectives (mHealth) has the potential to transform the face of health service delivery across the globe". Within mental health, interventions and monitoring systems for depression, anxiety, substance abuse, eating disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have been developed and used. The present paper presents the status and findings from studies using automatically generated objective smartphone data in the monitoring of bipolar disorder, and addresses considerations on the current literature and methodological as well as clinical aspects to consider in the future studies...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
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