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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#1
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665460/emotional-intelligence-anxiety-and-emotional-eating-a-deeper-insight-into-a-recently-reported-association
#2
Leehu Zysberg
Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between emotional intelligence and emotional-eating patterns in a normative sample of women in Israel...
April 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663468/problematic-eating-behaviors-and-psychopathology-in-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-the-mediating-role-of-loss-of-control-eating
#3
Eva M Conceição, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Ana Rita Vaz, Isabel Brandão, Sofia Ramalho
OBJECTIVE: This study compares different problematic eating behaviors (PEBs; objective [OBE]/subjective [SBE] binge-eating and compulsive [CG]/noncompulsive [NCG] grazing) in relation to the severity of loss of control (LOC) and psychopathology. We also investigate LOC as a mediator between PEBs and psychopathology. METHOD: This cross-sectional study assessed a group of patients before bariatric surgery (n = 163), and a group of bariatric patients 12 months or more after surgery (n = 131)...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655386/a-comparative-network-analysis-of-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-co-occurring-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-before-and-after-treatment
#4
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Stephen A Wonderlich, Markus Moessner
BACKGROUND: Network analysis is an emerging approach in the study of psychopathology, yet few applications have been seen in eating disorders (EDs). Furthermore, little research exists regarding changes in network strength after interventions. Therefore the present study examined the network structures of ED and co-occurring depression and anxiety symptoms before and after treatment for EDs. METHOD: Participants from residential or partial hospital ED treatment programs (N = 446) completed assessments upon admission and discharge...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629180/exposure-to-physical-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-relation-to-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-european-professional-football-referees-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Özgür Kilic, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Philippe Rosier, Vincent Gouttebarge
Objectives: The study aim was to explore the association of physical and psychosocial stressors (severe injuries, surgeries, recent life events, social support) with one-season onset of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among European professional football referees. Methods: An observational prospective cohort study over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626350/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-college-women-with-eating-disorders
#6
Neha J Goel, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Rachael E Flatt, Mickey Trockel, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Grace E Monterubio, Marie-Laure Firebaugh, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) in a large sample of college women with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A total of 690 female college students from 28 US colleges who screened positive for an ED, with the exception of anorexia nervosa, were assessed for SI. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent correlates of SI. Measures included: ED psychopathology, ED behaviors (i.e., binge eating, vomiting, laxatives, compulsive exercise), current co-morbid psychopathology (i...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617753/an-examination-of-appetite-and-disordered-eating-in-active-crohn-s-disease
#7
Richard Anthony Wardle, Gita Thapaliya, Adam Nowak, Shellie Radford, Michelle Dalton, Graham Finlayson, Gordon W Moran
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffer from nutritional deficiencies when in active disease. We aim to examine calorific intake, macronutrient choice and disordered eating behaviour in patients with active CD. Methods: CD patients with matched healthy volunteers (HV) were recruited. Active disease was defined by faecal calprotectin >250ug/g, C-reactive protein >5mg/dl, or active disease seen on endoscopy or imaging. Symptoms were quantified by Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614379/meal-and-snack-time-eating-disorder-cognitions-predict-eating-disorder-behaviors-and-vice-versa-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-a-mobile-technology-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#8
Cheri A Levinson, Margarita Sala, Laura Fewell, Leigh C Brosof, Lauren Fournier, Eric J Lenze
Individuals with eating disorders experience high anxiety when eating, which may contribute to the high relapse rates seen in the eating disorders. However, it is unknown if specific cognitions associated with such anxiety (e.g., fears of gaining weight) may lead to engagement in eating disorder behaviors (e.g., weighing oneself). Participants (N = 66) recently treated at a residential eating disorder facility and diagnosed with an eating disorder (primarily anorexia nervosa; n = 40; 60.6%) utilized a mobile application to answer questions about mealtime cognitions, anxiety, and eating disorder behaviors four times a day for one week...
March 27, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611303/different-attention-bias-patterns-in-anorexia-nervosa-restricting-and-binge-purge-types
#9
Tal Gilon Mann, Sami Hamdan, Yair Bar-Haim, Amit Lazarov, Adi Enoch-Levy, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Janet Treasure, Daniel Stein
Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been shown to display both elevated anxiety and attentional biases in threat processing. In this study, we compared threat-related attention patterns of patients with AN restricting type (AN-R; n = 32), AN binge/purge type (AN-B/P; n = 23), and healthy controls (n = 19). A dot-probe task with either eating disorder-related or general and social anxiety-related words was used to measure attention patterns. Severity of eating disorder symptoms, depression, anxiety, and stress were also assessed...
April 3, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576974/searching-the-internet-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-arab-and-jewish-israelis-insights-from-a-comprehensive-infodemiological-survey
#10
Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Mahmud Mahamid, Daniela Amital, Bishara Bisharat, Naim Mahroum, Kassem Sharif, Adi Guy, Amin Adawi, Hussein Mahagna, Arsalan Abu Much, Samaa Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
Israel represents a complex and pluralistic society comprising two major ethno-national groups, Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs, which differ in terms of religious and cultural values as well as social constructs. According to the so-called "diversification hypothesis", within the framework of e-health and in the era of new information and communication technologies, seeking online health information could be a channel to increase health literacy, especially among disadvantaged groups. However, little is known concerning digital seeking behavior and, in particular, digital mental health literacy...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567056/psychological-behavioral-and-weight-related-aspects-of-patients-undergoing-reoperative-bariatric-surgery-after-gastric-band-comparison-with-primary-surgery-patients
#11
Eva Conceição, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Marta de Lourdes, Isabel Brandão, Cristina Teixeira, Paulo P P Machado
BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing insufficient weight loss or weight regain in their first bariatric surgery may represent a high-risk group with greater problematic eating and general psychopathology levels, which may compromise the success of a reoperative procedure. OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to describe and compare disordered eating-related psychological and behavioral features of primary and reoperative surgery candidates after gastric band. SETTING: Hospital center and university in Portugal...
February 15, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559902/feel-the-time-time-perception-as-a-function-of-interoceptive-processing
#12
Daniele Di Lernia, Silvia Serino, Giovanni Pezzulo, Elisa Pedroli, Pietro Cipresso, Giuseppe Riva
The nature of time is rooted in our body. Constellations of impulses arising from the flesh constantly create our interoceptive perception and, in turn, the unfolding of these perceptions defines human awareness of time. This study explored the connection between time perception and interoception and proposes the Interoceptive Buffer saturation (IBs) index. IBs evaluates subjects' ability to process salient stimuli from the body by measuring subjective distortions of interoceptive time perception, i.e., the estimated duration of tactile interoceptive stimulations...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557074/common-sleep-psychiatric-and-somatic-problems-according-to-work-schedule-an-internet-survey-in-an-eastern-european-country
#13
Bogdan I Voinescu
PURPOSE: A wide range of health problems was investigated, aiming to identify the presence and severity of a set of self-reported and common sleep, psychiatric, and somatic health problems among working professionals in four different shift schedules (morning, evening, rotating, and day) in several cities in Romania. METHODS: A heterogeneous sample of 488 workers of different professions completed online a battery of tests, namely the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire, the Parasomnia Questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the Patient Health Questionnaire, designed to identity symptoms of insomnia, sleepiness, snoring, parasomnia, as well as of depression, anxiety, eating, somatoform, and alcohol use disorders, respectively...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553881/implementation-of-transdiagnostic-treatment-for-emotional-disorders-in-residential-eating-disorder-programs-a-preliminary-pre-post-evaluation
#14
Heather Thompson-Brenner, James F Boswell, Hallie Espel-Huynh, Gayle Brooks, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: Data are lacking from empirically supported therapies implemented in residential programs for eating disorders (EDs). Common elements treatments may be well-suited to address the complex implementation and treatment challenges that characterize these settings. This study assessed the preliminary effect of implementing a common elements therapy on clinician treatment delivery and patient (N = 616) symptom outcomes in two residential ED programs. METHOD: The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders was adapted to address ED and co-occurring psychopathology and implemented across sites...
March 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544881/reward-sensitivity-in-parkinson-s-patients-with-binge-eating
#15
Damiano Terenzi, Raffaella I Rumiati, Mauro Catalan, Lucia Antonutti, Giovanni Furlanis, Paolo Garlasco, Paola Polverino, Claudio Bertolotti, Paolo Manganotti, Marilena Aiello
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients who are treated with dopamine replacement therapy are at risk of developing impulse control disorders (ICDs) (such as gambling, binge eating, and others). According to recent evidence, compulsive reward seeking in ICDs may arise from an excessive attribution of incentive salience (or 'wanting') to rewards. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we tested this hypothesis in patients with PD who developed binge eating (BE). METHODS: Patients with BE, patients without BE, and healthy controls performed different experimental tasks assessing food liking and wanting...
March 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542203/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-binge-eating-disorder-and-insomnia-symptoms
#16
Therese E Kenny, Megan Van Wijk, Christopher Singleton, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: Although studies on sleep difficulties in binge eating disorder (BED) have produced inconsistent findings, research has linked poor sleep to the presence of related concerns (e.g., obesity, anxiety, and depression). To clarify the relationship between BED and sleep problems, this study aimed to compare insomnia symptoms in individuals with BED and those with no history of an eating disorder (NED). METHOD: An adult community sample of individuals with BED (N = 68) and NED (N = 78) completed measures of insomnia, depression and anxiety, and eating disorder symptoms...
March 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540923/psychosocial-intervention-for-sexual-addiction
#17
REVIEW
Manju George, Shreemit Maheshwari, Suhas Chandran, Suman S Rao, Manohar J Shivanand, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological gambling, computer addiction and pathological preoccupation with video games and sexual acts. No clear diagnostic criterion has been established with validity for behavioral addictions. Sexual addiction, including addiction to pornography is not included as a separate entity because of a lack of strong empirical evidence in this area. Different scales can be used for assessment of sexual addiction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529472/construct-validity-and-parent-child-agreement-of-the-six-new-or-modified-disorders-included-in-the-spanish-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5
#18
Francisco R de la Peña, Marcos F Rosetti, Andrés Rodríguez-Delgado, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaímes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Lino Palacios-Cruz, Rosa E Ulloa
Changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) incorporate the inclusion or modification of six disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder. The objectives of this study were to assess the construct validity and parent-child agreement of these six disorders in the Spanish language Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL-5) in a clinical population of children and adolescents from Latin America...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522958/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-are-associated-with-physical-multimorbidity-findings-from-the-adult-psychiatric-morbidity-survey-2007
#19
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical multimorbidity (i.e., ≥2 chronic conditions) are lacking. Thus, we assessed the association between PTSD symptoms and physical multimorbidity using nationally representative, community-based data of the UK adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey were analyzed. PTSD symptoms were assessed using the 10-item Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ)...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518651/the-relative-associations-of-shape-and-weight-over-evaluation-preoccupation-dissatisfaction-and-fear-of-weight-gain-with-measures-of-psychopathology-an-extension-study-in-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
Recent research has demonstrated that certain components of body image (i.e., shape and weight over-evaluation, preoccupation, and dissatisfaction) in secondary school students shared a distinct clinical significance because of their differential relation to measures of psychopathology. The present study aimed to replicate and extend on these findings by examining the distinctiveness of these body image constructs, in addition to a fear of weight gain, in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN)-a disorder this is facilitated and maintained by extreme body image concerns...
March 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
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