keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical frailty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#1
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209349/frequency-of-and-significance-of-physical-frailty-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#2
Quin E Denfeld, Kerri Winters-Stone, James O Mudd, Shirin O Hiatt, Christopher V Chien, Christopher S Lee
Physical frailty is an important prognostic indicator in heart failure (HF); however, few studies have examined the relation between physical frailty and invasive hemodynamics among adults with HF. The purpose of this study was to characterize physical frailty in HF in relation to invasive hemodynamics. We enrolled 49 patients with New York Heart Association class II to IV HF when participants were scheduled for a right-sided cardiac heart catheterization procedure. Physical frailty was measured according to the "frailty phenotype": shrinking, weakness, slowness, physical exhaustion, and low physical activity...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203694/frailty-and-physical-function-in-older-hiv-infected-adults
#3
Fatima Brañas, Zaida Jiménez, Matilde Sánchez-Conde, Fernando Dronda, Juan Carlos López-Bernaldo De Quirós, María J Pérez-Elías, Pilar Miralles, Margarita Ramírez, Ana Moreno, Juan Berenguer, Santiago Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198733/clinical-relevance-of-sarcopenia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Ranjani N Moorthi, Keith G Avin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we review sarcopenia in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aim to present how definitions of sarcopenia from the general population may pertain to those with CKD, its assessment by clinicians and emerging therapies for sarcopenia in CKD. For this review, we limit our description and recommendations to patients with CKD who are not on dialysis. RECENT FINDINGS: Poorer parameters of lean mass, strength and physical function are associated with worsening patient-centered outcomes such as limiting mobility, falls and mortality in CKD; however, the magnitude of these associations are different in those with and without CKD...
February 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196791/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-among-older-people-with-and-without-frailty-a-population-based-survey
#5
Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195361/frailty-and-incident-depression-in-community-dwelling-older-people-results-from-the-elsa-study
#6
Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Stefania Maggi, Marianna Noale, Giuseppe Sergi, Enzo Manzato, A Matthew Prina, Michele Fornaro, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: Frailty and pre-frailty are two common conditions in the older people, but whether these conditions could predict depression is still limited to a few longitudinal studies. In this paper, we aimed to investigate whether frailty and pre-frailty are associated with an increased risk of depression in a prospective cohort of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Four thousand seventy-seven community-dwelling men and women over 60 years without depression at baseline were included from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188558/rationale-for-a-preliminary-operational-definition-of-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-the-sprintt-trial
#7
Matteo Cesari, Francesco Landi, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Patrick Kortebein, Susanna Del Signore, Regis Le Lain, Bruno Vellas, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
In the present article, the rationale that guided the operationalization of the theoretical concept of physical frailty and sarcopenia (PF&S), the condition of interest for the "Sarcopenia and Physical Frailty in Older People: Multicomponent Treatment Strategies" (SPRINTT) trial, is presented. In particular, the decisions lead to the choice of the adopted instruments, and the reasons for setting the relevant thresholds are explained. In SPRINTT, the concept of physical frailty is translated with a Short Physical Performance Battery score of ≥3 and ≤9...
February 10, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188557/physical-frailty-sarcopenia-and-the-enablement-of-autonomy-philosophical-issues-in-geriatric-medicine
#8
Alessandro Blasimme
Physical frailty and loss of muscular mass (sarcopenia) are believed to be predictors of age-related conditions, such as disability and loss of autonomy. In this paper, I show that what in political and moral philosophy has come to be known as "the capability approach" may indeed provide much needed conceptual clarification in the area of frailty research. Other than being useful at the theoretical level, the capability approach can definitely help in the implementation of clinical guidelines and public health measures aimed at translating the results that are accumulating from frailty research...
February 10, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188253/frailty-physical-activity-and-mobility-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electrical-devices
#9
Daniel B Kramer, Timothy Tsai, Poorna Natarajan, Elise Tewksbury, Susan L Mitchell, Thomas G Travison
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring frailty in patients with cardiac implantable electrical devices while validating the physiologic significance of device-detected physical activity by evaluating its association with frailty and mobility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Outpatients with cardiac implantable electrical devices compatible with physical activity analysis with at least 7 days of data were eligible. Office testing included frailty status (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures instrument), gait speed (m/s), mobility according to the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test (seconds), and daily physical activity (h/d) as measured by cardiac implantable electrical device...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183809/specifying-the-content-of-home-based-health-behaviour-change-interventions-for-older-people-with-frailty-or-at-risk-of-frailty-an-exploratory-systematic-review
#10
Benjamin Gardner, Ana Jovicic, Celia Belk, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: To identify trials of home-based health behaviour change interventions for frail older people, describe intervention content and explore its potential contribution to intervention effects. DESIGN: 15 bibliographic databases, and reference lists and citations of key papers, were searched for randomised controlled trials of home-based behavioural interventions reporting behavioural or health outcomes. SETTING: Participants' homes...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183454/frailty-and-nutrition-from-epidemiological-and-clinical-evidence-to-potential-mechanisms
#11
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eva Ntanasi, Costas A Anastasiou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by unintentional weight loss, low muscle strength, feeling of exhaustion, reduced physical activity capacity and slow walking speed. Theoretically, nutrition is a factor closely related to the frailty syndrome: all frailty criteria are more or less affected by poor eating habits, whereas frailty itself may have a negative effect on eating and, thus, on the nutritional status. Indeed, research data suggest an association between frailty and specific constituents of diet, namely protein and energy intake, as well as intakes of specific micronutrients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181204/physical-activity-and-exercise-as-countermeasures-to-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#12
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Marianna Broccatelli, Giulia Savera, Mariaelena D'Elia, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
The identification of cost-effective interventions that improve the health status and prevent disability in old age is one of the most important public health challenges. Regular physical activity is the only intervention that has consistently been shown to improve functional health and energy balance and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, several cancers, depression and falls. In advanced age, physical activity is also effective at mitigating sarcopenia, restoring robustness, and preventing/delaying the development of disability...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179415/factors-related-to-receipt-of-non-cancer-related-transurethral-prostatectomy-findings-from-a-large-prospective-study-of-106%C3%A2-769-middle-aged-and-older-australian-men
#13
Grace Joshy, Kay Soga, Rosemary J Korda, Manish I Patel, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Transurethral prostatectomy (TURP) is a common surgical intervention for chronic lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Little large-scale evidence exists on factors related to receipt of non-cancer-related TURP. METHODS: A prospective study of men aged ≥45 years participating in the 45 and Up Study, a large Australian cohort study, without prior prostatectomy and/or bowel/genital/urinary-tract cancer; questionnaire data were linked to hospitalisations and deaths...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170120/physical-function-grip-strength-and-frailty-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Charlotte Bernard, François Dabis, Nathalie de Rekeneire
OBJECTIVE: To present the current knowledge on physical function, grip strength and frailty in HIV-infected patients living in sub-Saharan Africa, where the phenomenon is largely underestimated. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on Medline, Scopus and African Index Medicus. We reviewed articles on sub-Saharan African people living with HIV (PLHIV) >18 years old, published until November 2016. RESULTS: Of 537 articles, 13 were conducted in six African countries and included in this review...
February 7, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168438/old-man-young-man-t-s-%C3%A2-eliot-s-gerontion-and-the-problem-of-identity
#15
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Markus Jäger, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: In his poem Gerontion (1920) Nobel laureate T.S. Eliot uses powerful language to give a fictional, highly condensed, first-person account of medical and psychological conditions that arise with old age: physical frailty, cognitive decline, sensory impairment, depressive symptoms with embitterment, social withdrawal and the psychological strain of having to face old age and make meaning of one's life. Surprisingly, he wrote the poem as a young man. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we used a hermeneutic approach to interpret Gerontion from a psychiatric perspective...
February 6, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160253/physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-pf-s-a-point-of-view-from-the-industry
#16
Susanna Del Signore, Ronenn Roubenoff
We have observed over the last 15 years a wide debate both in the medical scientific community and in the public health arena on the definition and operationalization of frailty, typically a geriatric condition, and in particular of physical frailty linked to sarcopenia. Because physical frailty in its initial phase can still be reversed, fighting sarcopenia in elderly persons has the potential to slow or halt progressive decline towards disability and dependency. Quite recently, regulators focused attention on frailty as an indicator of biological age to be measured to characterize elderly patients before their inclusion in clinical trials...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160252/preventing-mobility-disability-in-europe-a-health-economics-perspective-from-the-sprintt-study
#17
Nicolas Sirven, Thomas Rapp, Silvia Coretti, Matteo Ruggeri, Americo Cicchetti
In a global context of population aging, gaining better knowledge of the mechanisms leading to loss of autonomy has become a major objective, notably with the aim of implementing effective preventive health policies. The concept of frailty, originally introduced in gerontology and geriatrics as a precursor state to functional dependency, appears as a useful tool in this specific context. The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) project will provide a unique opportunity to explore health economics issues associated with frailty...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160113/multidimensional-predictors-of-physical-frailty-in-older-people-identifying-how-and-for-whom-they-exert-their-effects
#18
Yew Y Ding, Jouni Kuha, Michael Murphy
Physical frailty in older people is an escalating health and social challenge. We investigate its physical, psychological, and social predictors, including how and for whom these conditions exert their effects. For 4638 respondents aged 65-89 years from wave 2 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, we examine prediction of future physical frailty by physical, psychological, and social conditions using latent growth curve analysis with multiple indicators. In addition, we explore their indirect effects through disease and physiologic decline, and repeat these analyses after stratification by gender, age group, and selected conditions which are possible moderators...
February 3, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#19
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157776/translating-evidence-based-protocols-into-the-home-healthcare-setting
#20
Katherine L Beissner, Eileen Bach, Christopher M Murtaugh, MaryGrace Trifilio, Charles R Henderson, Yolanda Barrón, Melissa A Trachtenberg, Carrington Reid
Activity-limiting pain is common among older home care patients and pain management is complicated by the high prevalence of physical frailty and multimorbidity in the home care population. A comparative effectiveness study was undertaken at a large urban home care agency to examine an evidence-based pain self-management program delivered by physical therapists (PTs). This article focuses on PT training, methods implemented to reinforce content after training and to encourage uptake of the program with appropriate patients, and therapists' fidelity to the program...
February 2017: Home Healthcare Now
keyword
keyword
97961
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"