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Hawaii thoracic

Jennifer G Andrews, Aida Soim, Shree Pandya, Christina P Westfield, Emma Ciafaloni, Deborah J Fox, David J Birnkrant, Christopher M Cunniff, Daniel W Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) causes progressive respiratory muscle weakness and decline in function, which can go undetected without monitoring. DMD respiratory care guidelines recommend scheduled respiratory assessments and use of respiratory assist devices. To determine the extent of adherence to these guidelines, we evaluated respiratory assessments and interventions among males with DMD in the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network (MD STARnet) from 2000 to 2011...
October 2016: Respiratory Care
Wagner F Magalhães, Julie H Bailey-Brock, Alexandra E Rizzo
Fauveliopsid polychaetes have been collected at dredge disposal sites off Honolulu from 397-507 m depth. We report and describe the first Pacific record of Laubieriopsis cf. cabiochi (Amoureux, 1982), originally described from the North Atlantic. A new species, Laubieriopsis petersenae, n. sp. is described as being the species in the genus with the lowest number of body segments (15). Other distinctive features are the presence of bidentate aciculars on thoracic chaetigers, and unpaired genital papilla present on the right side of chaetiger 6/7...
2014: Zootaxa
Stephen G Chun, Jennifer A Armstrong, Derek K Pang, Jeffrey Lau, Ralph V Shohet
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a leading cause of non-atherosclerotic coronary artery aneurysms and, less commonly, peripheral artery aneurysms. We report an 81-year-old Japanese man from Hawaii with a history of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, bilateral iliac aneurysms, and an ambiguous right atrial cystic mass. The patient developed new-onset atrial fibrillation during lithotripsy. Angiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed giant coronary artery aneurysms of the right coronary artery (RCA) and left anterior descending artery, and a thoracic aortic aneurysm...
April 1, 2010: Journal of Cardiology Cases
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2011: Chest
Cherylee W J Chang, Daniel J Donovan, Leon K Liem, Kristine H O'Phelan, Deborah M Green, Sarice Bassin, Susan Asai
OBJECTIVE: We report the clinical characteristics of the largest series of nontraumatic spinal cord injury in novice surfers (surfers' myelopathy). METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical record was performed in patients with nontraumatic spinal cord injury associated with surfing identified upon admission to the largest tertiary referral hospital in Hawaii from June 2002 to November 2011. Classification by the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) was performed upon admission and at follow-up...
November 27, 2012: Neurology
Erin E Wilson, Christine V Young, David A Holway
The difficulty of directly observing predatory events hinders a complete understanding of how predation structures food webs. Indirect approaches such as PCR-based and isotopic analyses clarify patterns of resource consumption but fail to distinguish predation from scavenging. Given that facultative scavenging is a ubiquitous and phylogenetically widespread foraging strategy, an improved ability to discriminate prey from carrion is needed to enhance an understanding of the demographic effects of consumption and the true nature of trophic interactions...
August 1, 2010: Journal of Experimental Biology
Guliz Erdem, Lora Bergert, Kyra Len, Marian Melish, Kevin Kon, Robert DiMauro
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus (CA-SA) infections are common among pediatric patients in Hawaii. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to characterize the radiological features of methicillin-susceptible (CA-MSSA) and methicillin-resistant (CA-MRSA) staphylococcal pneumonia in Hawaiian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records and imaging studies of children with SA pneumonia identified from 1996 through 2007...
November 2010: Pediatric Radiology
Anwarul Hassan Gilani, Saf-ur-Rehman Mandukhail, Javeid Iqbal, Masoom Yasinzai, Nauman Aziz, Aslam Khan, Najeeb-ur-Rehman
BACKGROUND: Morinda citrifolia (Noni) is an edible plant with wide range of medicinal uses. It occurs exclusively in tropical climate zone from India through Southeast Asia and Australia to Eastern Polynesia and Hawaii. The objective of this study was to explore the possible mode(s) of action for its antispasmodic, vasodilator and cardio-suppressant effects to rationalize its medicinal use in gut and cardiovascular disorders. METHODS: Isolated tissue preparations such as, rabbit jejunum, rat and rabbit aorta and guinea pig atria were used to test the antispasmodic and cardiovascular relaxant effects and the possible mode of action(s) of the 70% aqueous-ethanolic extract of Morinda citrifolia roots (Mc...
2010: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
M L Nelson, C D Sparks
As part of a larger study, the aortic arch and its branches were removed en bloc at autopsy from men of Japanese ancestry born in Hawaii. Of the 193 arterial trees examined, 182 (94.3%) had a typical branching pattern (e.g., brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, and left subclavian arteries, in that order). Two specimens had only two branches arising from the aortic arch, a common trunk uniting the brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries and a left subclavian artery. Nine individuals (4.6%) had four branches off the aortic arch; in eight of these cases (4...
2001: Clinical Anatomy
B Burden, E Taft
The performance improvement department at The Queen's Medical Center (QMC) in Honolulu, has been monitoring the outcomes of cardiovascular interventional procedures and cardiothoracic surgical procedures. By using an institution-wide database as well as participating in national cardiac databases, a set of clinical indicators is tracked, and quarterly reports are provided to the cardiovascular medicine (CV) and thoracic and cardiovascular surgery (TCV) services. After reviewing the data, a combined CV/TCV/anesthesia morbidity and mortality committee meets monthly to further evaluate the data, review cases, and formulate action plans based upon the findings...
March 1999: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
J W Davis, J S Grove, R D Wasnich, P D Ross
Women with prevalent fractures have an increased risk of developing additional, incident fractures. This article examines the relation between the location of prevalent fractures within the spine and the risk of subsequent vertebral fractures. The subjects were 721 Japanese-American women of mean age 69.5 +/- 5.3 (SD) years. For the analyses, the spine was categorized into three regions: an upper region, vertebrae T3-11; a middle region, vertebrae T-12 and L-1; and a lower region, vertebrae L2-5. Initial analyses were limited to women with, at most, one prevalent fracture...
March 1999: Bone
C M Burchfiel, P L Enright, D S Sharp, P H Chyou, B L Rodriguez, J D Curb
OBJECTIVE: To identify lifestyle, anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical characteristics associated with pulmonary function in elderly men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: Japanese-American men (n=3,111) aged 71 to 93 years, who completed spirometry at the fourth examination of the Honolulu Heart Program (1991 to 1993). METHODS: Pulmonary function measurements (FEV1 and FVC) were obtained using American Thoracic Society guidelines...
July 1997: Chest
C Huang, P D Ross, S Fujiwara, J W Davis, R S Epstein, K Kodama, R D Wasnich
Age-adjusted prevalence of vertebral fracture has been reported to be higher among native Japanese women than among women of Japanese descent living in Hawaii. In this cross-sectional population-based study, we examined a variety of potential risk factors for associations with prevalent vertebral fractures and investigated whether these factors could explain the difference in vertebral fracture prevalence between native Japanese and Japanese-American women. Spine radiographs and data on spine bone mineral density (BMD) and other potential risk factors were collected among 802 Japanese women aged 50-88 years living in Hiroshima and 840 Japanese-American women aged 52-88 years living in Hawaii...
May 1996: Bone
J E Strode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1971: Hawaii Medical Journal
D G Massey, G Fournier-Massey
Anthropometric measurements and pulmonary function (volumes, flows, and flow-volume curves) were evaluated in a community study of 59 male and 59 female, nonsmoking, healthy Japanese-American volunteers uniformly distributed in decades from 20 to 80 years. A control group of 36 Caucasians was similarly constituted. One technologist performed all tests. Techniques and equipment matched American Thoracic Society recommendations. A cohort effect was demonstrated for anthropometric measurements in the Japanese-Americans...
April 1986: Environmental Research
P Y Tamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1988: Hawaii Medical Journal
J S Dhillon, G K Randhawa, C J Straehley, J J McNamara
We reviewed the entire experience in Hawaii with external wall reinforcement with Dacron graft material as a primary method of surgical treatment of aortic aneurysm. Over the past 11.5 years, 14 such procedures have been performed. Two of the aneurysms were located in the distal aortic arch, eight in the descending thoracic aorta, and four in the abdominal aorta. The operation was done in each instance as a safer alternative to resection and replacement in high-risk patients. There were two postoperative deaths, one unrelated to the surgery...
September 1986: Circulation
N J Berrill
The anatomy and behavior of a species of the sabellid polychaete subfamily Fabricinae, is described. Mature individuals are virtually microscopic and represent the extreme degree of dwarfism apparently possible for a sabellid. Eggs are matured and liberated unilaterally, one at a time, from a single thoracic segment. Dwarfism in this species is essentially a cessation of body growth at a juvenile stage, accompanied by precocious sexual maturity, as an adaptation to persistent occupation of an interstitial detrital habitat...
August 1977: Biological Bulletin
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