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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885999/weight-change-in-older-adults-and-mortality-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#1
S-Y Park, L R Wilkens, G Maskarinec, C A Haiman, L N Kolonel, L L Marchand
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between weight change in older adults and mortality in a multiethnic population. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis using data on weight change between the baseline (1993-1996) and the 10-year follow-up (2003-2007) surveys in relation to subsequent mortality among 63 040 participants in the Multiethnic Cohort Study in Hawaii and California. The participants were African American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese American, Latino and white, aged 45-75 years at baseline, and did not report heart disease or cancer at either survey...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809670/cardio-pulmonary-stethoscope-clinical-validation-with-heart-failure-and-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Magdy F Iskander, Todd B Seto, Ruthsenne Rg Perron, Eunjung Lim, Farhan Qazi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of a noninvasive radiofrequency-based device, the Cardio-Pulmonary Stethoscope (CPS), to monitor heart and respiration rates and detect changes in lung water content in human experiments and clinical trials. METHODS: Three human populations (healthy subjects (n=4), heart failure (n=12) and hemodialysis (n=13) patients) were enrolled in this study. The study was conducted at the University of Hawaii and The Queen's Medical Center in Honolulu, HI...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693036/association-of-coffee-consumption-with-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-nonwhite-populations
#3
Song-Yi Park, Neal D Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Background: Coffee consumption has been associated with reduced risk for death in prospective cohort studies; however, data in nonwhites are sparse. Objective: To examine the association of coffee consumption with risk for total and cause-specific death. Design: The MEC (Multiethnic Cohort), a prospective population-based cohort study established between 1993 and 1996. Setting: Hawaii and Los Angeles, California. Participants: 185 855 African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites aged 45 to 75 years at recruitment...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237970/clinical-predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ari Cedars, Lawrence Benjamin, Sara V Burns, Eric Novak, Amit Amin
OBJECTIVE: Length of stay (LOS) is a major driver of inpatient care costs. To date, few studies have investigated risk factors associated with increased LOS in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). In the present work, we sought to address this knowledge gap. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the State Inpatient Databases from Arkansas, California, Florida, Hawaii, Nebraska and New York. We analysed data on admissions in patients with ACHD and constructed a series of hierarchical regression models to identify the clinical factors having the greatest effects on LOS...
August 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094679/a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-pediatric-tele-echocardiography-service-to-treat-triage-and-reduce-trans-pacific-transport
#5
Christopher A Rouse, Brandon T Woods, C Becket Mahnke
Introduction Tele-echocardiography can ensure prompt diagnosis and prevent the unnecessary transport of infants without critical congenital heart disease, particularly at isolated locations lacking access to tertiary care medical centers. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all infants who underwent tele-echocardiography at a remote 16-bed level IIIB NICU from June 2005 to March 2014. Tele-echocardiograms were completed by cardiac sonographers in Okinawa, Japan, and transmitted asynchronously for review by pediatric cardiologists in Hawaii...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625407/predictors-of-rehospitalization-among-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-are-lesion-specific
#6
Ari M Cedars, Sara Burns, Eric L Novak, Amit P Amin
BACKGROUND: Readmission is responsible for a large proportion of inpatient care costs in adult congenital heart disease. There are, however, few data available to identify at-risk patients or to suggest strategies for intervention to prevent rehospitalization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an analysis of admissions in patients over the age of 18 years with a 3-digit International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code of 745 to 747 from the State Inpatient Databases of Arkansas (2008-2010), California (2003-2012), Florida (2005-2012), Hawaii (2006-2010), Nebraska (2003-2011), and New York (2005-2012)...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27079214/lesion-specific-factors-contributing-to-inhospital-costs-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ari M Cedars, Sara Burns, Eric L Novak, Amit P Amin
The population of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) in the United States is growing rapidly with concomitant increases in care costs. We sought to define the variables having the greatest influence on annual cost of inpatient care in patients with ACHD in the United States. To do so, we conducted a retrospective analysis of admissions in patients >18 years old with a 3-digit International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, code of 745 to 747 from the State Inpatient Databases of Arkansas (2008 to 2010), California (2003 to 2012), Florida (2005 to 2012), Hawaii (2006 to 2010), Nebraska (2003 to 2011), and New York (2005 to 2012)...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777795/serum-amyloid-p-sap-is-associated-with-impaired-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-dilation-in-chronically-hiv-1-infected-adults-on-stable-antiretroviral-therapy
#8
Nath Zungsontiporn, Lishomwa C Ndhlovu, Brooks I Mitchell, James H Stein, Kalpana J Kallianpur, Beau Nakamoto, Sheila M Keating, Philip J Norris, Scott A Souza, Cecilia M Shikuma, Dominic C Chow
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and endothelial dysfunction (ED), as measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis utilizing baseline data of 135 participants with HIV infection on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the Hawaii Aging with HIV-Cardiovascular (HAHC-CVD) study who had available baseline inflammatory biomarkers and brachial artery FMD measurements...
November 2015: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774047/a-thousand-ways-to-say-delicious-categorizing-expressions-of-deliciousness-from-restaurant-reviews-on-the-social-network-site-yelp
#9
Weranuj Ariyasriwatana, Luz Marina Quiroga
This study explored expressions of deliciousness-one of the main reasons people make specific food choices over others-from restaurant reviews on Yelp, a popular social network site. Through qualitative content analysis of 205 reviews from 41 food establishments in Hawaii, we found 8 main categories of expressions of deliciousness. These eight main categories created by both concept-driven and data-driven strategies are Sense, Culinary Affair, Matter of Heart, Health, Testimonial and Endorsement, Personal Signature, Consumer, and Restaurant...
September 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378898/disparities-in-potentially-preventable-hospitalizations-for-chronic-conditions-among-korean-americans-hawaii-2010-2012
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hyun-Hee Heo, Tetine L Sentell, Dongmei Li, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Jill Miyamura, Kathryn Braun
INTRODUCTION: Korean Americans are a growing but understudied population group in the United States. High rates of potentially preventable hospitalizations suggest that primary care is underutilized. We compared preventable hospitalizations for chronic conditions in aggregate and for congestive heart failure (CHF) for Korean Americans and whites in Hawaii. METHODS: Discharge data from 2010 to 2012 for all hospitalizations of adults in Hawaii for preventable hospitalizations in aggregate and for CHF included 4,345 among Korean Americans and 81,570 among whites...
September 17, 2015: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356593/serum-amyloid-p-sap-is-associated-with-impaired-brachial-artery-flow-mediated-dilation-in-chronically-hiv-1-infected-adults-on-stable-antiretroviral-therapy
#11
Nath Zungsontiporn, Lishomwa C Ndhlovu, Brooks I Mitchell, James H Stein, Kalpana J Kallianpur, Beau Nakamoto, Sheila M Keating, Philip J Norris, Scott A Souza, Cecilia M Shikuma, Dominic C Chow
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and endothelial dysfunction (ED), as measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis utilizing baseline data of 135 participants with HIV infection on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the Hawaii Aging with HIV-Cardiovascular (HAHC-CVD) study who had available baseline inflammatory biomarkers and brachial artery FMD measurements...
November 2015: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26073945/risk-adjusted-in-hospital-mortality-models-for-congestive-heart-failure-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-value-of-clinical-laboratory-data-and-race-ethnicity
#12
Eunjung Lim, Yongjun Cheng, Christine Reuschel, Omar Mbowe, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Deborah T Juarez, Jill Miyamura, Todd B Seto, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of key laboratory and race/ethnicity data on the prediction of in-hospital mortality for congestive heart failure (CHF) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DATA SOURCES: Hawaii adult hospitalizations database between 2009 and 2011, linked to laboratory database. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional design was employed to develop risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality models among patients with CHF (n = 5,718) and AMI (n = 5,703)...
August 2015: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26038953/hiv-and-coronary-artery-calcium-score-comparison-of-the-hawaii-aging-with-hiv-cardiovascular-study-and-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-cohorts
#13
Dominic Chow, Rebekah Young, Nicole Valcour, Richard A Kronmal, Corey J Lum, Nisha I Parikh, Russell P Tracy, Matthew Budoff, Cecilia M Shikuma
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of HIV, immunologic, and inflammatory factors on coronary artery calcium (CAC), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study comparing baseline data of males from Hawaii Aging with HIV - Cardiovascular Study (HAHCS) with the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohort. The cohorts were pooled to determine effects of HIV on CAC and explore immunologic and inflammatory factors that may explain development of CAC in HIV...
August 2015: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25739422/total-and-differential-white-blood-cell-counts-in-late-life-predict-8-year-incident-stroke-the-honolulu-heart-program
#14
Ji Young Huh, George Webster Ross, Randi Chen, Robert D Abbott, Christina Bell, Bradley Willcox, Lenore Launer, Helen Petrovitch, Brock Kaya, Kamal Masaki
OBJECTIVES: To study the association between total and differential white blood cell (WBC) count and incident stroke in an older Asian population. DESIGN: Prospective population-based study with 8 years of follow-up. SETTING: The Honolulu Heart Program, Oahu, Hawaii. PARTICIPANTS: Japanese-American men aged 71 to 93 who were free of stroke and had baseline WBC counts measured in 1991-93 (N=3,342). MEASUREMENTS: Participants were divided into quartiles of total and differential WBC count for analysis and were followed for incident stroke (thromboembolic and hemorrhagic (hemorrhagic)) for 8 years using data from a comprehensive hospital surveillance system...
March 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25535596/association-of-modifiable-risk-factors-and-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-among-hospitalized-native-hawaiians-and-pacific-islanders-with-heart-failure
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marjorie K L M Mau, Todd B Seto, Joseph K Kaholokula, Barbara Howard, Robert E Ratner
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) disproportionately affects Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPIs). This study examines risk factors associated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) among 151 hospitalized NHOPI HF patients enrolled at a single tertiary care hospital between June 2006 and April 2010. METHODS: Enrollment criteria: (1) NHOPI by self-identification. (2) Age ≥ 21 yrs. (3) Diagnosis of HF defined: (a) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40% or LVEF ≤ 60% with abnormal diastolic function and (b) classic HF signs/symptoms...
December 2014: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25535593/guest-editor-s-message-aloha-kakou
#16
EDITORIAL
Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25514532/total-and-differential-white-blood-cell-counts-predict-eight-year-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-elderly-japanese-american-men-the-honolulu-heart-program
#17
Shigehiko Karino, Bradley J Willcox, Kaon Fong, Serena Lo, Robert Abbott, Kamal H Masaki
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported an association between total and differential white blood cell (WBC) counts and incident coronary heart disease (CHD), but data from elderly populations are scarce. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between total and differential WBC counts and incident CHD in an elderly Japanese-American population. METHODS: Total and differential WBC counts were examined at a baseline examination from 1991 to 1993 in the Honolulu Heart Program...
February 2015: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25375071/arthritis-among-veterans-united-states-2011-2013
#18
Louise B Murphy, Charles G Helmick, Kelli D Allen, Kristina A Theis, Nancy A Baker, Glen R Murray, Jin Qin, Jennifer M Hootman, Teresa J Brady, Kamil E Barbour
Arthritis is among the most common chronic conditions among veterans and is more prevalent among veterans than nonveterans. Contemporary population-based estimates of arthritis prevalence among veterans are needed because previous population-based studies predate the Persian Gulf War, were small, or studied men only despite the fact that women comprise an increasing proportion of military personnel and typically have a higher prevalence of arthritis than men. To address this knowledge gap, CDC analyzed combined 2011, 2012, and 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data among all adults aged ≥18 years, by veteran status, to estimate the total and sex-specific prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis overall and by sociodemographic categories, and the state-specific prevalence (overall and sex-specific) of doctor-diagnosed arthritis...
November 7, 2014: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25249372/genetic-variation-in-the-raptor-gene-is-associated-with-overweight-but-not-hypertension-in-american-men-of-japanese-ancestry
#19
Brian J Morris, Bruce A Carnes, Randi Chen, Timothy A Donlon, Qimei He, John S Grove, Kamal H Masaki, Ayako Elliott, Donald C Willcox, Richard Allsopp, Bradley J Willcox
BACKGROUND: The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is pivotal for cell growth. Regulatory associated protein of mTOR complex I (Raptor) is a unique component of this pro-growth complex. The present study tested whether variation across the raptor gene (RPTOR) is associated with overweight and hypertension. METHODS: We tested 61 common (allele frequency ≥ 0.1) tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that captured most of the genetic variation across RPTOR in 374 subjects of normal lifespan and 439 subjects with a lifespan exceeding 95 years for association with overweight/obesity, essential hypertension, and isolated systolic hypertension...
April 2015: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25066494/toxoplasma-gondii-isolates-from-mouflon-sheep-ovis-ammon-from-hawaii-usa
#20
Shiv K Verma, Chunlei Su, Jitender P Dubey
Little is known of Toxoplasma gondii isolates circulating in wildlife. The mouflon (Ovis ammon) is very popular game animal, hunted for its trophy horns. Here, we report the isolation and genetic characterization of T. gondii from two mouflons from Hawaii, USA. Both sheep had antibodies titers of 1:800 or higher. Viable T. gondii were isolated and nested PCR-RFLP genotyping revealed two genotypes, a clonal Type III (designated TgMouflonUS1), and a new genotype (designated TgMouflonUS2, and ToxoDB PCR-RFLP genotypes #249)...
January 2015: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
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