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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197009/jainism-its-relevance-to-psychiatric-practice-with-special-reference-to-the-practice-of-sallekhana
#1
Ottilingam Somasundaram, A G Tejus Murthy, D Vijaya Raghavan
Jainism is one of the oldest religions of India. Since the founding of the religion, Jainism has given prominence to Sallekhana, death by ritual fasting facing north, as exemplified in the deaths of Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta Maurya. The controversy whether this religious form of starvation is related to suicide is debated since the time of the early Jain teachers. History is replete with instances where kings and warriors who have failed in their duty punish themselves for their sin and welcome death as expiation...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125543/the-moderating-effect-of-religion-on-the-relationship-between-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-elderly
#2
JaeHoon Jung, Daeyoung Roh, Yoo Sun Moon, Do Hoon Kim
This article aimed to compare the level of suicidal ideation in the religiously affiliated and nonaffiliated groups and identify the moderating effect of religion variables on the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation. The sample in this study was 1180 residents who were older than 60 years and who resided in Gangwon Province, South Korea. We studied the cross-sectional relationships among religions and studied variables including organizational religious activity (ORA), non-ORA (NORA), intrinsic religiosity (IR), depression, well-being, and suicidal ideation...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#3
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088052/positive-and-negative-life-events-and-reasons-for-living-modulate-suicidal-ideation-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-history-of-suicide-attempts
#4
Camélia Laglaoui Bakhiyi, Isabelle Jaussent, Séverine Beziat, Renaud Cohen, Catherine Genty, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Marion Leboyer, Pascal Le Vaou, Sébastien Guillaume, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: The influence of life events on suicidal behavior remains inconclusive, while reasons for living (RFL) may be protective. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between positive and negative life events and suicidal ideation (SI) and the interaction between life events and RFL on SI. METHOD: Patients with history of suicide attempts (n = 338) underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation, including SI (Beck's Suicidal Ideation scale), RFL (Reasons for Living Inventory, RFLI) and life events (family, school, student or professional, social, health and religion-related and other life events) during the last twelve months...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#5
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845574/-we-smoke-the-same-pipe-religion-and-community-home-based-care-for-plwh-in-rural-swaziland
#6
Robin Root, Arnau Van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church-run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on well-being. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 community home-based care clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#7
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810586/evaluation-of-geriatric-suicides-in-turkey
#8
Erdal Özer, Burak Gümüş, Hüseyin Balandiz, Güven Seçkin Kırcı, Halil İlhan Aydoğdu, Ramazan Tetikçok
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is defined as an individual taking action towards themselves with the intention of terminating their own life. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 800,000 deaths per year worldwide are due to suicide. In 2012, suicide cases constituted 1.4% of all the deaths worldwide. In most countries throughout the world, the suicide rates of the elderly are higher than those of other age groups. Epidemiological studies have concluded that suicide rates increase with advancing age in all societies, this increase accelerates after the age of 65 years and the highest rates are reached after the age of 75 years...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805983/can-religion-protect-against-suicide
#9
Michael A Norko, David Freeman, James Phillips, William Hunter, Richard Lewis, Ramaswamy Viswanathan
The vast majority of the world's population is affiliated with a religious belief structure, and each of the major faith traditions (in its true form) is strongly opposed to suicide. Ample literature supports the protective effect of religious affiliation on suicide rates. Proposed mechanisms for this protective effect include enhanced social network and social integration, the degree of religious commitment, and the degree to which a particular religion disapproves of suicide. We review the sociological data for these effects and the general objections to suicide held by the faith traditions...
January 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595860/sociodemographic-antecedent-validators-of-suicidal-behavior-a-review-of-recent-literature
#10
REVIEW
Ismael Conejero, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Lucas Giner, Enrique Baca-Garcia
Suicidal behavior and its prevention constitute a major public health issue. Etiology of suicidal behavior is multifactorial. Whereas current research is mostly focused on clinical and biological risk factors, the sociodemographic risk factors for suicidal behavior, first highlighted by Durkheim, have received less attention. Besides the well-known impact of age and gender, sociodemographic variables such as marital and parental status, education, occupation, income, employment status, religion, migration or minority status, and sexual orientation are repeatedly reported to play an important role in suicidal behavior...
October 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572955/suicidal-ideation-among-single-pregnant-adolescents-the-role-of-sexual-and-religious-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#11
L F Chan, B Mohamad Adam, K N Norazlin, M I Siti Haida, V Y Lee, A W Norazura, K Ek Zakuan, Susan M K Tan
Pregnant adolescents are a high-risk population for suicide. However, a knowledge gap still exists on how sexual and religious knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) influence suicidal ideation (SI) in teenage pregnancy. We aim to explore the interplay between psychiatric diagnoses, sociodemographic factors and KAP of sexual and religious issues as risk factors of SI among 114 pregnant Malaysian adolescents from 6 rehabilitation centers and a tertiary hospital. Single sexual partner was an independent predictor of SI, suggesting the role of less sexual experience as a risk factor for SI after controlling for major depression...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452945/influencing-and-protective-factors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-older-adults
#12
Li-Bi Huang, Yun-Fang Tsai, Chia-Yih Liu, Ying-Jen Chen
Suicide is a global issue, but few studies have explored the triggers and psychological feelings of suicidal ideation in older adults. A qualitative design with face-to-face semistructured interviews examined the experience of suicidal ideation in adults aged 65 years and older. A purposive sampling of 32 outpatients with suicidal ideation from a medical centre in northern Taiwan participated. Interview data identified three themes: triggers for suicidal ideation, contributing psychological changes, and factors of adaptive response...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337692/abuse-of-power-in-relationships-and-sexual-health
#13
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Terri Suntjens, Alanna Mihic, Priscilla McGilvery
STI rates are high for First Nations in Canada and the United States. Our objective was to understand the context, issues, and beliefs around high STI rates from a nêhiyaw (Cree) perspective. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 community participants between March 1, 2011 and May 15, 2011. Interviews were conducted by community researchers and grounded in the Cree values of relationship, sharing, personal agency and relational accountability. A diverse purposive snowball sample of community members were asked why they thought STI rates were high for the community...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200335/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-more-hopelessness-among-white-than-black-older-adults
#14
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is a core component of depression. Our information is, however, very limited on ethnic variations in the magnitude of the link between depression and hopelessness. Using a national sample of older adults in United States, we compared Blacks and Whites for the magnitude of the association between depressive symptoms and hopelessness. METHODS: With a cross-sectional design, we used baseline data of the Religion, Aging, and Health Survey, 2001...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108657/-evolution-of-historical-and-social-attitudes-toward-suicide
#15
Jozef Krajčovič
In the article there is the repeatedly submitted experience detailing how death is a fundamental element of our lives, including by ones own hand - suicide, cases of which forensic pathologists are confronted with every day. The subject of suicide has been treated by the public as taboo, while in reality we are confronted by it every day, particularly in forensic medicine, where we are not only obliged, but also find it our duty to inquire as to the reasons, motivation and other factors that have led someone to take their own life voluntarily...
2016: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040125/structuring-roles-and-gender-identities-within-families-explaining-suicidal-behavior-in-south-india
#16
Reena A Lasrado, Khatidja Chantler, Rubina Jasani, Alys Young
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the social structures, culture, gendered roles, and their implications for suicidal behavior in South India. Exploring the cultural process within the structures of family and society to understand suicide and attempted suicide from the perspectives of survivors, mental health professionals, and traditional healers has not been achieved in the existing suicide-related research studies conducted in India to date. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the cultural implications of attempted suicide by examining the survivors' life stories, their perceptions, and service providers' interpretations of problem situation...
May 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963748/characteristics-of-spirituality-and-religion-among-suicide-attempters
#17
Olfa Mandhouj, Nader Perroud, Roland Hasler, Nadia Younes, Philippe Huguelet
Spirituality and religiousness are associated with a lower risk of suicide. A detailed assessment of spirituality among 88 suicide attempters hospitalized after a suicide attempt was performed. Factors associated with the recurrence of suicide attempts over 18 months were looked into. Spirituality was low among most suicide attempters in comparison with the general population. Two groups were identified: those with a high score of depression who featured "low" in spirituality and those with a more heterogeneous profile, for example, involving personality disorders, characterized by a "high" spirituality...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956748/predictors-of-clergy-s-ability-to-fulfill-a-suicide-prevention-gatekeeper-role
#18
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Richard Kuo, Day Marshall, James D Wines
Catholic, Jewish and Protestant clergy (n = 801) completed a survey to identify predictors of clergy's ability to fulfill a suicide gatekeeper role. Exploratory backward stepwise regression identified predictors of risk identification including suicide knowledge, religion, conducting suicide funerals, having an attitude that people have a right to die, age, and race. Predictors of ability to intervene include suicide knowledge, training, religion, right to die attitude, and ethnicity. Recommendations include more suicide training and clergy self-care...
March 2016: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943174/influence-of-religion-on-attitude-towards-suicide-an-indian-perspective
#19
Rohini Thimmaiah, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Rajalakshmi Ramu, Sugavana Selvi, Suresh Bada Math
This cross-sectional survey was aimed to compare attitudes towards suicide and suicidal behaviour among randomly selected sample (N = 172) belonged to Hindu and Muslim religions. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. Hindus differed from Muslims regarding suicidal attempts among family (χ (2) = 12.356, p < .002) and community members (χ (2) = 20.425, p < .000). Our study also showed that suicidal behaviours were comparatively low among Muslim participants than Hindus. Further, Muslims hold more negative attitudes towards suicide than Hindus...
December 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923839/can-religious-beliefs-be-a-protective-factor-for-suicidal-behavior-a-decision-tree-analysis-in-a-mid-sized-city-in-iran-2013
#20
Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Farzaneh Zolala, Nouzar Nakhaee, Maryam Jalali, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
This study aimed to assess using tree-based models the impact of different dimensions of religion and other risk factors on suicide attempts in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Three hundred patients who attempted suicide and 300 age- and sex-matched patient attendants with other types of disease who referred to Kerman Afzalipour Hospital were recruited for this study following a convenience sampling. Religiosity was assessed by the Duke University Religion Index. A tree-based model was constructed using the Gini Index as the homogeneity criterion...
February 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
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