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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845574/-we-smoke-the-same-pipe-religion-and-community-home-based-care-for-plwh-in-rural-swaziland
#1
Robin Root, Arnau van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on wellbeing. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 CHBC clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833570/phenotypic-dimensions-of-spirituality-implications-for-mental-health-in-china-india-and-the-united-states
#2
Clayton H McClintock, Elsa Lau, Lisa Miller
While the field of empirical study on religion and spirituality in relation to mental health has rapidly expanded over the past decade, little is known about underlying dimensions of spirituality cross-culturally conceived. We aimed to bridge this gap by inductively deriving potential universal dimensions of spirituality through a large-scale, multi-national data collection, and examining the relationships of these dimensions with common psychiatric conditions. Five-thousand five-hundred and twelve participants from China, India, and the United States completed a two-hour online survey consisting of wide-ranging measures of the lived experience of spirituality, as well as clinical assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810586/evaluation-of-geriatric-suicides-in-turkey
#3
Erdal Özer, Burak Gümüş, Hüseyin Balandiz, Güven Seçkin Kırcı, Halil İlhan Aydoğdu, Ramazan Tetikçok
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is defined as an individual taking action towards themselves with the intention of terminating their own life. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 800,000 deaths per year worldwide are due to suicide. In 2012, suicide cases constituted 1.4% of all the deaths worldwide. In most countries throughout the world, the suicide rates of the elderly are higher than those of other age groups. Epidemiological studies have concluded that suicide rates increase with advancing age in all societies, this increase accelerates after the age of 65 years and the highest rates are reached after the age of 75 years...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805983/can-religion-protect-against-suicide
#4
Michael A Norko, David Freeman, James Phillips, William Hunter, Richard Lewis, Ramaswamy Viswanathan
The vast majority of the world's population is affiliated with a religious belief structure, and each of the major faith traditions (in its true form) is strongly opposed to suicide. Ample literature supports the protective effect of religious affiliation on suicide rates. Proposed mechanisms for this protective effect include enhanced social network and social integration, the degree of religious commitment, and the degree to which a particular religion disapproves of suicide. We review the sociological data for these effects and the general objections to suicide held by the faith traditions...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595860/sociodemographic-antecedent-validators-of-suicidal-behavior-a-review-of-recent-literature
#5
REVIEW
Ismael Conejero, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Lucas Giner, Enrique Baca-Garcia
Suicidal behavior and its prevention constitute a major public health issue. Etiology of suicidal behavior is multifactorial. Whereas current research is mostly focused on clinical and biological risk factors, the sociodemographic risk factors for suicidal behavior, first highlighted by Durkheim, have received less attention. Besides the well-known impact of age and gender, sociodemographic variables such as marital and parental status, education, occupation, income, employment status, religion, migration or minority status, and sexual orientation are repeatedly reported to play an important role in suicidal behavior...
October 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572955/suicidal-ideation-among-single-pregnant-adolescents-the-role-of-sexual-and-religious-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#6
L F Chan, B Mohamad Adam, K N Norazlin, M I Siti Haida, V Y Lee, A W Norazura, K Ek Zakuan, Susan M K Tan
Pregnant adolescents are a high-risk population for suicide. However, a knowledge gap still exists on how sexual and religious knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) influence suicidal ideation (SI) in teenage pregnancy. We aim to explore the interplay between psychiatric diagnoses, sociodemographic factors and KAP of sexual and religious issues as risk factors of SI among 114 pregnant Malaysian adolescents from 6 rehabilitation centers and a tertiary hospital. Single sexual partner was an independent predictor of SI, suggesting the role of less sexual experience as a risk factor for SI after controlling for major depression...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452945/influencing-and-protective-factors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-older-adults
#7
Li-Bi Huang, Yun-Fang Tsai, Chia-Yih Liu, Ying-Jen Chen
Suicide is a global issue, but few studies have explored the triggers and psychological feelings of suicidal ideation in older adults. A qualitative design with face-to-face semistructured interviews examined the experience of suicidal ideation in adults aged 65 years and older. A purposive sampling of 32 outpatients with suicidal ideation from a medical centre in northern Taiwan participated. Interview data identified three themes: triggers for suicidal ideation, contributing psychological changes, and factors of adaptive response...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337692/abuse-of-power-in-relationships-and-sexual-health
#8
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Terri Suntjens, Alanna Mihic, Priscilla McGilvery
STI rates are high for First Nations in Canada and the United States. Our objective was to understand the context, issues, and beliefs around high STI rates from a nêhiyaw (Cree) perspective. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 community participants between March 1, 2011 and May 15, 2011. Interviews were conducted by community researchers and grounded in the Cree values of relationship, sharing, personal agency and relational accountability. A diverse purposive snowball sample of community members were asked why they thought STI rates were high for the community...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200335/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-more-hopelessness-among-white-than-black-older-adults
#9
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Hopelessness is a core component of depression. Our information is, however, very limited on ethnic variations in the magnitude of the link between depression and hopelessness. Using a national sample of older adults in United States, we compared Blacks and Whites for the magnitude of the association between depressive symptoms and hopelessness. METHODS: With a cross-sectional design, we used baseline data of the Religion, Aging, and Health Survey, 2001...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108657/-evolution-of-historical-and-social-attitudes-toward-suicide
#10
Jozef Krajčovič
In the article there is the repeatedly submitted experience detailing how death is a fundamental element of our lives, including by ones own hand - suicide, cases of which forensic pathologists are confronted with every day. The subject of suicide has been treated by the public as taboo, while in reality we are confronted by it every day, particularly in forensic medicine, where we are not only obliged, but also find it our duty to inquire as to the reasons, motivation and other factors that have led someone to take their own life voluntarily...
2016: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040125/structuring-roles-and-gender-identities-within-families-explaining-suicidal-behavior-in-south-india
#11
Reena A Lasrado, Khatidja Chantler, Rubina Jasani, Alys Young
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the social structures, culture, gendered roles, and their implications for suicidal behavior in South India. Exploring the cultural process within the structures of family and society to understand suicide and attempted suicide from the perspectives of survivors, mental health professionals, and traditional healers has not been achieved in the existing suicide-related research studies conducted in India to date. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the cultural implications of attempted suicide by examining the survivors' life stories, their perceptions, and service providers' interpretations of problem situation...
May 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963748/characteristics-of-spirituality-and-religion-among-suicide-attempters
#12
Olfa Mandhouj, Nader Perroud, Roland Hasler, Nadia Younes, Philippe Huguelet
Spirituality and religiousness are associated with a lower risk of suicide. A detailed assessment of spirituality among 88 suicide attempters hospitalized after a suicide attempt was performed. Factors associated with the recurrence of suicide attempts over 18 months were looked into. Spirituality was low among most suicide attempters in comparison with the general population. Two groups were identified: those with a high score of depression who featured "low" in spirituality and those with a more heterogeneous profile, for example, involving personality disorders, characterized by a "high" spirituality...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956748/predictors-of-clergy-s-ability-to-fulfill-a-suicide-prevention-gatekeeper-role
#13
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Richard Kuo, Day Marshall, James D Wines
Catholic, Jewish and Protestant clergy (n = 801) completed a survey to identify predictors of clergy's ability to fulfill a suicide gatekeeper role. Exploratory backward stepwise regression identified predictors of risk identification including suicide knowledge, religion, conducting suicide funerals, having an attitude that people have a right to die, age, and race. Predictors of ability to intervene include suicide knowledge, training, religion, right to die attitude, and ethnicity. Recommendations include more suicide training and clergy self-care...
March 2016: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943174/influence-of-religion-on-attitude-towards-suicide-an-indian-perspective
#14
Rohini Thimmaiah, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Rajalakshmi Ramu, Sugavana Selvi, Suresh Bada Math
This cross-sectional survey was aimed to compare attitudes towards suicide and suicidal behaviour among randomly selected sample (N = 172) belonged to Hindu and Muslim religions. Data were collected through face-to-face interview. Hindus differed from Muslims regarding suicidal attempts among family (χ (2) = 12.356, p < .002) and community members (χ (2) = 20.425, p < .000). Our study also showed that suicidal behaviours were comparatively low among Muslim participants than Hindus. Further, Muslims hold more negative attitudes towards suicide than Hindus...
December 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923839/can-religious-beliefs-be-a-protective-factor-for-suicidal-behavior-a-decision-tree-analysis-in-a-mid-sized-city-in-iran-2013
#15
Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Farzaneh Zolala, Nouzar Nakhaee, Maryam Jalali, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
This study aimed to assess using tree-based models the impact of different dimensions of religion and other risk factors on suicide attempts in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Three hundred patients who attempted suicide and 300 age- and sex-matched patient attendants with other types of disease who referred to Kerman Afzalipour Hospital were recruited for this study following a convenience sampling. Religiosity was assessed by the Duke University Religion Index. A tree-based model was constructed using the Gini Index as the homogeneity criterion...
February 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922750/does-a-therapist-s-world-view-matter
#16
John R Peteet, Vithya B Rodriguez, Marta D Herschkopf, Alyssa McCarthy, Jennifer Betts, Stephanie Romo, J Michael Murphy
While past research indicates that mental health professionals are less religious than the public they serve, little is known about the implications of therapists' world views for their practice. In this study, approximately 50 therapists completed surveys that assessed self-identification in relation to spirituality, religion, and/or world view; how relevant they considered their patients' and their own world views; and responses to clinical vignettes involving issues arising in treatment. While a minority considered themselves religious, a majority indicated that they considered themselves moderately or very spiritual...
June 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894320/religion-as-a-risk-factor-for-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-among-depressed-patients
#17
Ryan E Lawrence, David Brent, J John Mann, Ainsley K Burke, Michael F Grunebaum, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maria A Oquendo
We aimed to examine the relationship between religion and suicide attempt and ideation. Three hundred twenty-one depressed patients were recruited from mood-disorder research studies at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Participants were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, Columbia University Suicide History form, Scale for Suicide Ideation, and Reasons for Living Inventory. Participants were asked about their religious affiliation, importance of religion, and religious service attendance...
November 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26837898/the-suicide-paradigm-insights-from-ancient-hindu-scriptures
#18
Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, Minna J Hsu
The world religions in general promote peace and happiness. They strongly discourage all sorts of violence in society including suicide. Religious commitments toward life-saving value are known to prevent suicide attempts since all world religions promote unity, reducing interpersonal hostilities. Therefore, understanding the basics on what religious scriptures narrate on life and death including suicide is essential. This paper highlights the seldom discussed topic on the concept and consequences of suicide portrayed in the ancient Hindu religious scriptures...
February 2, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26711369/suicidality-among-hong-kong-nurses-prevalence-and-correlates
#19
Teris Cheung, Paul H Lee, Paul S F Yip
AIMS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of suicidality among professional nurses in Hong Kong. BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among middle-aged employed groups have been increasing over the past few decades. There is a concern that medical occupational groups worldwide are at elevated risk of suicide. Nonetheless there are few population-based studies of suicide dealing with working-age Asian nurses. DESIGN: The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
April 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661826/does-religiosity-mediate-suicidal-tendencies-a-south-african-study-of-muslim-tertiary-students
#20
Tasnim Bibi Kazi, Sarojini Naidoo
Despite international studies into religion's protective mechanism against suicidal tendencies, within South Africa there is a paucity of research investigating this relationship. This quantitative study investigates the relationship between religiosity and suicidal tendencies in a sample of Muslim students (N = 111). Two scales were used to test the hypothesis that religion mediates suicidal tendency: the Religious Orientation Test and the Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency Scale. The findings confirmed this hypothesis but disconfirmed our second hypothesis that there would be gender differences between the variables...
June 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
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