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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761753/against-the-stream-religion-and-mental-health-the-case-for-the-inclusion-of-religion-and-spirituality-into-psychiatric-care
#1
Simon Dein
This paper argues for the inclusion of religion and spirituality in psychiatric care. After discussing the antagonism of psychiatrists and psychologists to religion, I present a critical overview of studies examining the relationships between spirituality, religion and diverse aspects of mental health: depression, suicide, anxiety, delinquency, drug abuse and schizophrenia. The need to assesses the impact of religion in different faith groups is discussed. Measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736876/religion-and-suicide-new-findings
#2
Robin Edward Gearing, Dana Alonzo
Suicide rates and risk and protective factors vary across religions. There has been a significant increase in research in the area of religion and suicide since the article, "Religion and Suicide," reviewed these issues in 2009. This current article provides an updated review of the research since the original article was published. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, SocINDEX, and CINAHL databases were searched for articles on religion and suicide published between 2008 and 2017. Epidemiological data on suicidality and risk and protective factors across religions are explored...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#3
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666138/increase-in-assisted-suicide-in-switzerland-did-the-socioeconomic-predictors-change-results-from-the-swiss-national-cohort
#4
Nicole Steck, Christoph Junker, Marcel Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the strong increase in assisted suicides in Switzerland since 2008 is linked to a shift in the socioeconomic factors associated with assisted suicide and its related diagnoses. METHODS: In a population-based longitudinal study, we investigated assisted suicides in Switzerland over the period 2003-2014. Two groups of younger (25-64 years) and older (65-94 years) persons were analysed separately and compared. We calculated crude rates and used Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models to examine associations of assisted dying with gender, marital status, education, religion, neighbourhood socioeconomic status and other variables, and investigated trends over time...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665740/examining-the-contributions-of-disability-to-suicidality-in-the-context-of-depression-symptoms-and-other-sociodemographic-factors
#5
Emily M Lund, Michael R Nadorff, Katie B Thomas, Kate Galbraith
We examined the contribution of disability status to suicidality when accounting for depression and sociodemographic risk factors in 438 American adults, 82 (18.7%) of whom identified as having disabilities. Participants with disabilities had significantly higher depression scores and were more likely to be unemployed and unpartnered, all of which were also associated with increased suicidality. However, disability remained a significant predictor of suicidality even when depression and sociodemographic risk factors were accounted for in a linear regression...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617301/an-ecological-study-on-the-spatially-varying-relationship-between-county-level-suicide-rates-and-altitude-in-the-united-states
#6
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576974/searching-the-internet-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-arab-and-jewish-israelis-insights-from-a-comprehensive-infodemiological-survey
#7
Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Mahmud Mahamid, Daniela Amital, Bishara Bisharat, Naim Mahroum, Kassem Sharif, Adi Guy, Amin Adawi, Hussein Mahagna, Arsalan Abu Much, Samaa Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
Israel represents a complex and pluralistic society comprising two major ethno-national groups, Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs, which differ in terms of religious and cultural values as well as social constructs. According to the so-called "diversification hypothesis", within the framework of e-health and in the era of new information and communication technologies, seeking online health information could be a channel to increase health literacy, especially among disadvantaged groups. However, little is known concerning digital seeking behavior and, in particular, digital mental health literacy...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550162/association-of-religiosity-with-sexual-minority-suicide-ideation-and-attempt
#8
Megan C Lytle, John R Blosnich, Susan M De Luca, Chris Brownson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to explore how the associations between importance of religion and recent suicide ideation, recent suicide attempt, and lifetime suicide attempt vary by sexual orientation. METHODS: Survey data were collected from the 2011 University of Texas at Austin's Research Consortium data from 21,247 college-enrolled young adults aged 18-30 years. Respondents reported sexual identity as heterosexual, gay/lesbian, bisexual, or questioning...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536337/spiritual-fitness-for-military-veterans-a-curriculum-review-and-impact-evaluation-using-the-duke-religion-index-durel
#9
Kate H Thomas, Justin T McDaniel, David L Albright, Kari L Fletcher, Harold G Koenig
Suicide rates among military veterans exceed those found in the general population. While the exact reasons for these high rates are unknown, contributing factors may include the military's perceived rejection of patient identities, creating barriers to mental health care within the clinical sector and a mandate for prevention programs. Spiritual fitness has emerged over the last decade as an important concept in human performance optimization and is included among holistic approaches to developing and maintaining mentally fit fighting forces...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477987/declarations-of-conflict-of-interest-are-still-inadequate
#10
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409552/dying-for-the-group-towards-a-general-theory-of-extreme-self-sacrifice
#11
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370461/religiousness-as-a-predictor-of-suicide-an-analysis-of-162-european-regions
#12
Steven Stack, Frederique Laubepin
Research on religion as a protective factor has been marked by four recurrent limitations: (1) an overemphasis on the United States, a nation where religiosity is relatively high; (2) a neglect of highly secularized zones of the world, where religiousness may be too weak to affect suicide; (3) restriction of religiousness to religious affiliation, a construct which may miss capturing other dimensions of religiousness such as the importance of religion in one's life; and (4) an overwhelming use of the nation as a unit of analysis, which masks variation in religiousness within nations...
January 25, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294571/-association-between-coping-styles-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-undergraduate-students-in-wuhan
#13
L Chen, R L Zhao, H Chen
Objective: This study aimed to explore the association of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and the coping styles in college undergraduate students. Methods: Cluster sampling techniques was used to recruit freshmen students from two universities in Wuhan. Brief COPE scale was used to measure the coping skills at the baseline study. Non-suicidal self-injury was studied one year later through a follow-up program. Results: The incidence of NSSI among college students was 2.3%. Students who reported NSSI had higher scores on Self-Blame dimension than those who did not...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122227/association-between-religion-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-cancer-patients
#14
José Moreno-Montoya, Ximena Palacios-Espinosa, Jennifer Gracia-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Whereas most studies have focused on how the religious beliefs positively interfere with the presence or execution of suicidal behaviors, few have identified differences among religious beliefs and how these can not only be consider as a protective factor for suicide, but also as a variable that influences the expression of the suicidal related behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence about the effect of religious practices and beliefs on suicidal behavior in cancer patients in Colombia...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972917/the-influence-of-spirituality-and-religiousness-on-suicide-risk-and-mental-health-of-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#15
Ana Catarina Tavares Loureiro, Maria Carlota de Rezende Coelho, Felipe Bigesca Coutinho, Luiz Henrique Borges, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the large amount of literature assessing how spiritual and religious beliefs have an impact on mental health and suicide risk in various groups of patients, few studies have investigated patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether spirituality and religiousness (S/R) are associated with the presence of suicide risk as well as whether those beliefs are also associated with the presence of mental health problems in patients undergoing hemodialysis...
January 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967671/age-and-sex-related-differences-in-risk-factors-for-elderly-suicide-differentiating-between-suicide-ideation-and-attempts
#16
Hyuk Lee, Ki Ho Seol, Jun Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the age and sex-related differences in socio-demographic factors that influence suicide ideation and attempts in the elderly. METHODS: The total number of subjects was 93 151, of whom 8441 belonged to the high suicide-risk group (2064 male; 6377 female). Following this identification, we investigated their socio-demographic information, health status, and depressive symptoms, which might have influenced their suicide ideation and attempts...
February 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901283/a-systematic-review-of-religious-beliefs-about-major-end-of-life-issues-in-the-five-major-world-religions
#17
Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Areej R El-Jawahri, Mark R Litzow, Karen L Syrjala, Aric D Parnes, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the religious/spiritual beliefs of followers of the five major world religions about frequently encountered medical situations at the end of life (EoL). METHOD: This was a systematic review of observational studies on the religious aspects of commonly encountered EoL situations. The databases used for retrieving studies were: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889047/an-examination-of-the-prospective-association-between-religious-service-attendance-and-suicide-explanatory-factors-and-period-effects
#18
Evan M Kleiman, Richard T Liu
BACKGROUND: We addressed two unanswered questions from prior research, demonstrating a prospective association between frequent religious service attendance and decreased risk for suicide. First, we assessed whether religious service attendance conferred protection from suicide even after accounting for strength of religious affiliation. Second, we evaluated whether the relationship between religious service attendance and suicide was subject to period effects. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 1978-2010 General Social Survey, a nationally representative study of 30,650 non-institutionalized, English-speaking American residents age 18 or older...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818632/the-views-of-clergy-regarding-ethical-controversies-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#19
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Patrick T Smith, Danish Zaidi, Christine Mitchell, James A Tulsky, Daniel P Sulmasy, Tyler J VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: Although religion often informs ethical judgments, little is known about the views of American clergy regarding controversial end-of-life ethical issues including allowing to die and physician aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide (PAD/PAS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of U.S. clergy concerning allowing to die and PAD/PAS. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1665 nationally representative clergy between 8/2014 to 3/2015 (60% response rate)...
January 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803042/who-are-likely-to-attempt-suicide-again-a-comparative-study-between-the-first-and-multiple-timers
#20
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Various explanations account for suicide incidents, and some patients continue to attempt afterwards and others never again. The suicide mortality rate increases with the number of serious attempts. The prevention of secondary attempt of suicide should be an important approach to reduce suicide mortality. However, the characteristics of the targeted population of repeated suicide attempters are understudied. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional data collection from hospital emergency room from patients who had either attempted suicide for the first time (n=721) or for two or more times (n=70)...
October 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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