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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036720/the-relationship-between-clinical-and-personal-recovery-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Robin Michael Van Eck, Thijs Jan Burger, Astrid Vellinga, Frederike Schirmbeck, Lieuwe de Haan
Patients describe experiencing personal recovery despite ongoing symptoms of psychosis. The aim of the current research was to perform a meta-analysis investigating the relationship between clinical and personal recovery in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. A comprehensive OvidSP database search was performed to identify relevant studies. Correlation coefficients of the relationship between clinical and personal recovery were retrieved from primary studies. Meta-analyses were performed, calculating mean weighted effect sizes for the association between clinical and personal recovery, hope, and empowerment...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036405/fold-a-method-to-optimize-power-in-meta-analysis-of-genetic-association-studies-with-overlapping-subjects
#2
Emma E Kim, Seunghoon Lee, Cue Hyunkyu Lee, Hyunjung Oh, Kyuyoung Song, Buhm Han
Motivation: In genetic association studies, meta-analyses are widely used to increase the statistical power by aggregating information from multiple studies. In meta-analyses, participating studies often share the same individuals due to the shared use of publicly available control data or accidental recruiting of the same subjects. As such overlapping can inflate false positive rate, overlapping subjects are traditionally split in the studies prior to meta-analysis, which requires access to genotype data and is not always possible...
July 20, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036312/safety-and-efficacy-of-cryoablation-vs-radiofrequency-ablation-of-septal-accessory-pathways-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analyses
#3
Loreto Bravo, Felipe Atienza, Gabriel Eidelman, Pablo Ávila, Mauricio Pelliza, Evaristo Castellanos, Gerard Loughlin, Tomás Datino, Esteban G Torrecilla, Jesús Almendral, Pedro Luis Sánchez, Ángel Arenal, Nieves Martínez-Alzamora, Francisco Fernández-Avilés
Aims: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of septal accessory pathways (APs) is associated with a significant rate of first procedure failures and complications. Cryoablation is an alternative energy source but there are no studies comparing both ablation techniques. We aimed to systematically review the literature and compare the efficacy and safety of cryoablation vs. RFA of septal APs. Methods and results: We conducted two separate meta-analysis of cryoablation and RFA of septal APs and calculated the global estimates of the efficacy and safety...
October 3, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036216/herpesviruses-in-etiopathogenesis-of-aggressive-periodontitis-a-meta-analysis-based-on-case-control-studies
#4
Fei Li, Ce Zhu, Feng-Ying Deng, May Chun Mei Wong, Hai-Xia Lu, Xi-Ping Feng
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that herpesviruses are associated with aggressive periodontitis (AgP). However, these findings are controversial. This meta-analysis was aimed at clarifying the association between herpesviruses and AgP. METHODS: We identified eligible case-control studies evaluating the association between herpesviruses and AgP from PubMed and Embase databases in October 2015. Original data were extracted and quality assessment was done. Overall odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036199/the-acute-physiological-stress-response-to-driving-a-systematic-review
#5
Michael Antoun, Kate M Edwards, Joanna Sweeting, Ding Ding
BACKGROUND: The experience of driving has been suggested to be detrimental to health. One hypothesis is that each exposure elicits an acute stress response, and that repeated exposures may act as a chronic stressor. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to evaluate and synthesise the evidence on whether driving elicits an acute physiological stress response. METHODS: Electronic databases, including CINAHL, PsycINFO and Medline, were searched for original articles written in English from database inception until March 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035943/metabolic-syndrome-and-subclinical-carotid-damage-a-meta-analysis-from-population-based-studies
#6
Cesare Cuspidi, Carla Sala, Fabio Provenzano, Marijana Tadic, Elisa Gherbesi, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia
AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a phenotype of growing prevalence in the general population. Information on the association between MetS and vascular damage in this setting is only based on data provided by single reports. We performed a meta-analysis of population-based studies aimed to assess the association of MetS with carotid atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Studies were identified by the following search terms: 'metabolic syndrome', 'general population,' 'carotid intima-media thickness' (IMT), 'carotid atherosclerosis,' 'carotid damage,' 'ultrasonography...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035454/the-relationship-between-mdm2-t309g-polymorphism-and-leukemia-in-the-chinese-population-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#7
Dewan Zhao, Ting Liu
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of studies have been carried out on the association of MDM2 T309G polymorphism with susceptibility to leukemia and have generated conflicting results. This meta-analysis updated and revaluated the possible associations between MDM2 T309G polymorphism and leukemia in the Chinese population. METHODS: The PubMed, Springer Link, Ovid, Chinese Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Biology Medicine were searched up to February 2017...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035187/defecation-specific-behavior-in-children-with-functional-defecation-issues-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille, Debbie Booth, Shelly J Lane
CONTEXT: Atypical defecation habits are common and distressing for children and families and can have a major impact on quality of life. Often, no underlying factor can be identified, and the defecation disorder is considered functional. Current interventions are not successful for up to 50% of children. We suggest this high failure rate may be caused by lack of consistency in descriptors of behavioral indicators for functional defecation problems. Most investigations and descriptors focus on general behavior...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035137/a-review-of-mental-health-treatment-dropout-by-ethnic-minority-youth
#9
Anna M de Haan, Albert E Boon, Joop T V M de Jong, Robert R J M Vermeiren
A large proportion of treatments in youth mental health care are prematurely terminated by the patient. Treatment dropout can have severe consequences. Since ethnic minority youth are treated less often for mental disorders than other youth, it is important to analyse their risk for dropout and to determine if there are ethnicity-specific determinants. This review aimed to provide an overview of the findings from empirical studies on child and adolescent therapy dropout by ethnic minority and to determine if there were ethnicity-specific dropout determinants...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034987/global-scale-impacts-of-nitrogen-deposition-on-tree-carbon-sequestration-in-tropical-temperate-and-boreal-forests-a-meta-analysis
#10
Lena Schulte-Uebbing, Wim de Vries
Elevated nitrogen (N) deposition may increase net primary productivity in N-limited terrestrial ecosystems and thus enhance the terrestrial carbon (C) sink. To assess the magnitude of this N-induced C sink, we performed a meta-analysis on data from forest fertilization experiments to estimate N-induced C sequestration in aboveground tree woody biomass, a stable C pool with long turnover times. Our results show that boreal and temperate forests responded strongly to N addition and sequestered on average an additional 14 and 13 kg C per kg N in aboveground woody biomass, respectively...
October 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034875/treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneus-fractures-a-current-concepts-review
#11
Mandeep S Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar
Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneus fractures (DIACFs) represent a source of tremendous disability to the patient, economic burden to the society and a treatment challenge to the average orthopaedic surgeon. To date, no single approach is universally applicable to all calcaneus fractures. Despite a plethora of published meta-analyses and recent randomized controlled trials, the literature is still unclear and offers conflicting recommendations. The aim of this current concepts review is to assess the latest available data and offer pragmatic and practical recommendations to address some of the issues surrounding DIACFs...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034800/hip-and-knee-strengthening-is-more-effective-than-knee-strengthening-alone-for-reducing-pain-and-improving-activity-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Lucas R Nascimento, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Ricardo B Souza, Renan A Resende
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background The addition of hip strengthening to knee strengthening for persons with patellofemoral pain has the potential to optimize treatment effects. There is a need to systematically review and pool the current evidence in this area. Objective To examine the efficacy of hip strengthening, associated or not with knee strengthening, to increase strength, reduce pain, and improve activity in individuals with patellofemoral pain. Methods A systematic review of randomized or controlled trials was performed...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034187/electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-xerostomia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia leads to caries, infection and overall psychological discomfort. Salivary substitutes and pharmacological agents have been tried only with temporary relief. The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been contemplated on by various researchers for treatment of xerostomia. We carried out the present review as a systematic compilation and quantitative synthesis of the existing evidence related to the utility of TENS in patients with xerostomia...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033608/is-the-prognostic-significance-of-o6-methylguanine-dna-methyltransferase-promoter-methylation-equally-important-in-glioblastomas-of-patients-from-different-continents-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Wei Meng, Yangyang Jiang, Jie Ma
BACKGROUND: O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is an independent predictor of therapeutic response and potential prognosis in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, its significance of clinical prognosis in different continents still needs to be explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To explore the effects of MGMT promoter methylation on both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) among GBM patients from different continents, a systematic review of published studies was conducted...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033383/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-incidence-of-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-in-15-european-cohorts-within-the-escape-project
#15
Zorana J Andersen, Massimo Stafoggia, Gudrun Weinmayr, Marie Pedersen, Claudia Galassi, Jeanette T Jørgensen, Anna Oudin, Bertil Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Geir Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Kirsten T Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J Key, Andrea Jaensch, Gabriele Nagel, Alois Lang, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Agnes Fournier, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Laura Baglietto, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon, Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Enrica Migliore, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Roel Vermeulen, Ranjeet Sokhi, Menno Keuken, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis, Giulia Cesaroni, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence on the association between ambient air pollution and breast cancer risk is inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in European women. METHODS: In 15 cohorts from nine European countries, individual estimates of air pollution levels at the residence were estimated by standardized land-use regression models developed within the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE) and Transport related Air Pollution and Health impacts - Integrated Methodologies for Assessing Particulate Matter (TRANSPHORM) projects: particulate matter (PM) ≤2...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033068/axillary-treatment-in-breast-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-of-its-impact-on-survival
#16
Alejandra García Novoa, Benigno Acea Nebril
Sentinel lymph node biopsy and ACOSOG-Z0011 criteria have modified axillary treatment in breast cancer surgery. We performed a systematic review of studies assessing the impact of axillary treatment on survival. The search showed 6891 potentially eligible items. Of them, 23 clinical trials and 12 meta-analyses published between 1980 and 2017 met the study criteria. The review revealed that axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) can be omitted in patients pN0 and pN1mic, without compromising survival. In patients pN1 it is proposed not to treat the axilla or replace ALND for axillary radiotherapy...
October 12, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032820/methodological-quality-assessment-of-meta-analyses-in-endodontics
#17
REVIEW
Sereen Kattan, Su-Min Lee, Meetu R Kohli, Frank C Setzer, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this review were to assess the methodological quality of published meta-analyses related to endodontics using the assessment of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR) tool and to provide a follow-up to previously published reviews. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for eligible studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria: Embase via Ovid, The Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The electronic search was amended by a hand search of 6 dental journals (International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Australian Endodontic Journal; Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology; Endodontics and Dental Traumatology; and Journal of Dental Research)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032495/laparoscopic-versus-open-umbilical-or-paraumbilical-hernia-repair-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
S Hajibandeh, S Hajibandeh, A Sreh, A Khan, D Subar, L Jones
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes of laparoscopic repair to open repair of umbilical and paraumbilical hernias. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement standards. The review protocol was registered with International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (Registration Number: CRD42016052131). We conducted a search of electronic information sources, including MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry; ClinicalTrials...
October 14, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032475/robot-assisted-and-conventional-freehand-pedicle-screw-placement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Shutao Gao, Zhengtao Lv, Huang Fang
PURPOSE: Several studies have revealed that robot-assisted technique might improve the pedicle screw insertion accuracy, but owing to the limited sample sizes in the individual study reported up to now, whether or not robot-assisted technique is superior to conventional freehand technique is indefinite. Thus, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials to assess which approach is better. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Science, CNKI and WanFang were systematically searched to identify potentially eligible articles...
October 14, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032245/a-simple-technique-investigating-baseline-heterogeneity-helped-to-eliminate-potential-bias-in-meta-analyses
#20
Amy Hicks, Caroline Fairhurst, David Torgerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
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