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Microparticles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322499/formation-of-a-surficial-bifunctional-nanolayer-on-nb2-o5-for-ultrastable-electrodes-for-lithium-ion-battery
#1
Jun Young Cheong, Chanhoon Kim, Ji-Won Jung, Ki Ro Yoon, Su-Ho Cho, Doo-Young Youn, Hye-Yeon Jang, Il-Doo Kim
Safe and long cycle life electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries are significantly important to meet the increasing demands of rechargeable batteries. Niobium pentoxide (Nb2 O5 ) is one of the highly promising candidates for stable electrodes due to its safety and minimal volume expansion. Nevertheless, pulverization and low conductivity of Nb2 O5 have remained as inherent challenges for its practical use as viable electrodes. A highly facile method is proposed to improve the overall cycle retention of Nb2 O5 microparticles by ammonia (NH3 ) gas-driven nitridation...
March 21, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322402/open-channel-water-in-oil-emulsification-in-paper-based-microfluidic-devices
#2
C Li, M Boban, A Tuteja
Open-channel microfluidic devices have shown great potential in achieving a high degree of fluid control, at relatively low-cost, while enabling the opportunity for rapid fabrication. However, thus far, work in open channel microfluidics has largely focused on controlling the flow of water or other aqueous solutions. In this work we present new open channel microfluidic devices based on surfaces with patterned wettabilty that are capable of controlling the flow of virtually all high and low surface tension liquids...
March 21, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322141/lessons-learned-from-gemcitabine-impact-of-therapeutic-carrier-systems-and-gemcitabine-s-drug-conjugates-on-cancer-therapy
#3
Sathish Dyawanapelly, Animesh Kumar, Manish K Chourasia
Currently, drug delivery systems have a high impact in cancer therapy and are receiving more attention than conventional cancer treatment modalities. Compared with current cancer therapies, gemcitabine (2', 2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine) has been proven to be an effective chemotherapeutic agent against pancreatic, colon, bladder, breast, ovarian, non-small-cell lung, and head and neck cancers in combination with other anticancer agents. To improve the safety and efficacy of cytotoxic drugs, several drug delivery systems have been explored...
2017: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322015/compartmentalized-spherical-collagen-microparticles-for-anisotropic-cell-culture-microenvironments
#4
Satoru Yoshida, Masahiro Takinoue, Hiroaki Onoe
This paper describes a new fabrication method for obtaining anisotropic spherical hydrogel microparticles with different types of extracellular matrix (ECM) hemispheres for use in 3D cell culture. To fabricate the microparticles, a mixture of an ECM precursor solution and sodium alginate is ejected into a calcium chloride solution under large centrifugal acceleration by a centrifuge-based microfluidic device; the calcium alginate hydrogel plays a significant role as a "sacrificial gelation template" to maintain the ECM molecules in each hemisphere...
March 21, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320472/increased-serum-levels-of-fractalkine-and-mobilisation-of-cd34-cd45-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-systemic-sclerosis
#5
Audrey Benyamine, Jérémy Magalon, Sylvie Cointe, Romaric Lacroix, Laurent Arnaud, Nathalie Bardin, Pascal Rossi, Yves Francès, Fanny Bernard-Guervilly, Gilles Kaplanski, Jean-Robert Harlé, Pierre-Jean Weiller, Philippe Berbis, David Braunstein, Elisabeth Jouve, Nathalie Lesavre, Françoise Couranjou, Françoise Dignat-George, Florence Sabatier, Pascale Paul, Brigitte Granel
BACKGROUND: The disruption of endothelial homeostasis is a major determinant in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and is reflected by soluble and cellular markers of activation, injury and repair. We aimed to provide a combined assessment of endothelial markers to delineate specific profiles associated with SSc disease and its severity. METHODS: We conducted an observational, single-centre study comprising 45 patients with SSc and 41 healthy control subjects...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323493/microparticles-containing-erlotinib-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Zahra Bakhtiary, Jaleh Barar, Ayuob Aghanejad, Amir Ata Saei, Elhameh Nemati, Jafar Ezzati Nazhad Dolatabadi, Yadollah Omidi
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with sensitizing mutations in the exons 18-21 of the epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) geneshowincreased kinase activity of EGFR. Hence, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as erlotinib (ETB) havecommonly been used as the second line therapeutic option in metastatic NSCLC. While the ETB is available as an oral dosage form, the local delivery of this TKI to the diseased cells of the lung may ameliorate its therapeutic impacts. In the current study, we report on the development of ETB-loaded solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN) based formulation of dry powder inhaler (ETB-SLN DPI)...
March 21, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319833/aortic-calcified-particles-modulate-valvular-endothelial-and-interstitial-cells
#7
Nicole C A van Engeland, Sergio Bertazzo, Padmini Sarathchandra, Ann McCormack, Carlijn V C Bouten, Magdi H Yacoub, Adrian H Chester, Najma Latif
BACKGROUND: Normal and calcified human valve cusps, coronary arteries, and aortae harbor spherical calcium phosphate microparticles of identical composition and crystallinity, and their role remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the direct effects of isolated calcified particles on human valvular cells. METHOD AND RESULTS: Calcified particles were isolated from healthy and diseased aortae, characterized, quantitated, and applied to valvular endothelial cells (VECs) and interstitial cells (VICs)...
March 3, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316143/endothelial-microparticles-act-as-novel-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-biomarkers-of-circulatory-hypoxia-related-diseases-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Fan Deng, Shuang Wang, Liangqing Zhang
Circulatory hypoxia-related diseases (CHRDs), including acute coronary syndromes, stroke and organ transplantation, attract increased attention due to high morbidity and mortality. Mounting evidence shows that hypoxia-induced oxidative stress, coagulation, inflammation and angiogenesis play extremely important roles in the physiological and pathological processes of CHRD-related vascular endothelial injury. Interestingly, hypoxia, even hypoxia-induced oxidative stress, coagulation and inflammation can all induce release of endothelial microparticles (EMPs)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314769/infrared-spectroscopic-characterization-of-monocytic-microvesicles-microparticles-released-upon-lipopolysaccharide-stimulation
#9
Joonsup Lee, Beryl Wen, Elizabeth A Carter, Valery Combes, Georges E R Grau, Peter A Lay
Microvesicles (MVs) are involved in cell-cell interactions, including disease pathogenesis. Nondestructive Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectra from MVs were assessed as a technique to provide new biochemical insights into a LPS-induced monocyte model of septic shock. FTIR spectroscopy provided a quick method to investigate relative differences in biomolecular content of different MV populations that was complementary to traditional semiquantitative omics approaches, with which it is difficult to provide information on relative changes between classes (proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, carbohydrates) or protein conformations...
March 17, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314136/platelet-microparticle-inspired-clot-responsive-nanomedicine-for-targeted-fibrinolysis
#10
Christa L Pawlowski, Wei Li, Michael Sun, Kavya Ravichandran, DaShawn Hickman, Clarissa Kos, Gurbani Kaur, Anirban Sen Gupta
Intravascular administration of plasminogen activators is a clinically important thrombolytic strategy to treat occlusive vascular conditions. A major issue with this strategy is the systemic off-target drug action, which affects hemostatic capabilities and causes substantial hemorrhagic risks. This issue can be potentially resolved by designing technologies that allow thrombus-targeted delivery and site-specific action of thrombolytic drugs. To this end, leveraging a liposomal platform, we have developed platelet microparticle (PMP)-inspired nanovesicles (PMINs), that can protect encapsulated thrombolytic drugs in circulation to prevent off-target uptake and action, anchor actively onto thrombus via PMP-relevant molecular mechanisms and allow drug release via thrombus-relevant enzymatic trigger...
March 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303936/all-passive-pixel-super-resolution-of-time-stretch-imaging
#11
Antony C S Chan, Ho-Cheung Ng, Sharat C V Bogaraju, Hayden K H So, Edmund Y Lam, Kevin K Tsia
Based on image encoding in a serial-temporal format, optical time-stretch imaging entails a stringent requirement of state-of-the-art fast data acquisition unit in order to preserve high image resolution at an ultrahigh frame rate - hampering the widespread utilities of such technology. Here, we propose a pixel super-resolution (pixel-SR) technique tailored for time-stretch imaging that preserves pixel resolution at a relaxed sampling rate. It harnesses the subpixel shifts between image frames inherently introduced by asynchronous digital sampling of the continuous time-stretch imaging process...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303731/the-value-of-microparticles-in-detecting-acute-rejection-episodes-after-liver-transplantation
#12
Mehmet Haluk Morgul, Katrin Splith, Christoph Leonhardt, Nathanael Raschzok, Anja Reutzel-Selke, Rosa Bianca Schmuck, Andreas Andreou, Georgi Atanasov, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien, Hans-Michael Hau, Philipp Felgendreff, Sergej Klunk, Johann Pratschke, Igor Maximillian Sauer, Moritz Schmelzle
CONTEXT: Non-invasive markers for diagnosis of acute rejection (AR) following liver transplantation have not been developed, yet. OBJECTIVE: We analysed the correlation of plasma microparticle levels (MP) with AR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MP (CD4, CD8, CD25, CD31, MHC) of 11 AR patients and 11 controls were analysed within the first week after transplantation. RESULTS: CD4, CD8 and CD31 positive MP were higher in the AR, whereas overall MP count, CD25 and MHCI positive MP proportions did not differ between both groups...
March 17, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303548/long-acting-antiretrovirals-where-are-we-now
#13
REVIEW
Amesika N Nyaku, Sean G Kelly, Babafemi O Taiwo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current HIV treatment options require daily use of combination antiretroviral drugs. Many persons living with HIV experience treatment fatigue and suboptimal adherence as a result. Long-acting antiretroviral drugs are being developed to expand options for HIV treatment. Here, we review the agents in development, and evaluate data from recent clinical trials. In addition, we anticipate challenges to successful widespread use of long-acting antiretrovirals. RECENT FINDINGS: Parenteral nanosuspensions of cabotegravir and rilpivirine, and dapivirine vaginal ring are the farthest in clinical development...
March 16, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301151/healing-high-loading-sulfur-electrodes-with-unprecedented-long-cycling-life-the-spatial-heterogeneity-control
#14
Hong-Jie Peng, Jia-Qi Huang, Xinyan Liu, Xin-Bing Cheng, Wen-Tao Xu, Chen-Zi Zhao, Fei Wei, Qiang Zhang
Self-healing capability helps biological systems to maintain their survivability and extend their lifespan. Similarly, self-healing is also beneficial to next-generation secondary batteries because high-capacity electrode materials, especially the cathodes such as oxygen or sulfur, suffer from shortened cyclic lives resulting from irreversible and unstable phase transfer. Herein, by mimicking a biological self-healing process, fibrinolysis, we introduced an extrinsic healing agent, polysulfide, to enable the stable operation of sulfur microparticle (SMiP) cathodes...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301020/cytotoxicity-and-bioactivity-of-calcium-silicate-cements-combined-with-niobium-oxide-in-different-cell-lines
#15
Leticia Boldrin Mestieri, Ana Lívia Gomes-Cornélio, Elisandra Márcia Rodrigues, Gisele Faria, Juliane Maria Guerreiro-Tanomaru, Mário Tanomaru-Filho
The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and bioactivity of calcium silicate-based cements combined with niobium oxide (Nb2O5) micro and nanoparticles, comparing the response in different cell lines. This evaluation used four cell lines: two primary cultures (human dental pulp cells - hDPCs and human dental follicle cells - hDFCs) and two immortalized cultures (human osteoblast-like cells - Saos-2 and mouse periodontal ligament cells - mPDL). The tested materials were: White Portland Cement (PC), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), white Portland cement combined with microparticles (PC/Nb2O5µ) or nanoparticles (PC/Nb2O5n) of niobium oxide (Nb2O5)...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299588/chemical-cues-which-include-amino-acids-mediate-species-specific-feeding-behavior-in-invasive-filter-feeding-bigheaded-carps
#16
Aaron W Claus, Peter W Sorensen
This study tested whether and how dissolved chemicals might assist food recognition in two filter-feeding fishes, the silver (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and the bighead carp (H. nobilis). These species evolved in Asia, are now invasive in the Mississippi River, and feed voraciously on microparticles including plankton. The food habits and biology of these carps are broadly similar to many filter-feeding fish, none of whose chemical ecology has been examined. We conducted five experiments. First, we demonstrated that buccal-pharngeal pumping (BPP), a behavior in which fish pump water into their buccal cavities, is responsible for sampling food: BPP activity in both silver and bighead carps was low and increased nearly 25-fold after exposure to a filtrate of a planktonic food mixture (P < 0...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298296/fabrication-of-synthetic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-the-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-mice
#17
Lan Luo, Junnan Tang, Kodai Nishi, Chen Yan, Phuong-Uyen Dinh, Jhon Cores, Takashi Kudo, Jinying Zhang, Tao-Sheng Li, Ke Cheng
Rationale: Stem cell therapy faces a number of challenges. It is difficult to grow, preserve, and transport stem cells before they are administered to the patient. Synthetic analogs for stem cells represent a new approach to overcome these hurdles and hold the potential to revolutionize regenerative medicine. Objective: We aim to fabricate synthetic analogs of stem cells and test their therapeutic potential for treatment of acute myocardial infarction in mice. Methods and Results: We packaged secreted factors from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) into Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) PLGA microparticles and then coated them with MSC membranes...
March 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295010/-deported-syncytiotrophoblast-and-placental-microparticles-in-the-mother-s-body-during-normal-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia-28-years-later
#18
A P Milovanov, I N Voloshchuk
Over the last 25 years, there has been new evidence for the need to systematize deported placental cells, by identifying 3 groups according to their size, blocking or passing the pulmonary capillaries. In group 1, deported syncytiotrophoblast is a viable multinucleated complexes 100 to 20 µm in diameter. Their common cytoplasm displays β-hCG immunoexpression. After apoptosis of these cells in the lung capillaries, placental bioproducts directly interact with endothelial cell receptors, by contributing to the gestational rearrangement of the woman's body...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292310/microglial-derived-microparticles-mediate-neuroinflammation-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Alok Kumar, Bogdan A Stoica, David J Loane, Ming Yang, Gelareh Abulwerdi, Niaz Khan, Asit Kumar, Stephen R Thom, Alan I Faden
BACKGROUND: Local and systemic inflammatory responses are initiated early after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and may play a key role in the secondary injury processes resulting in neuronal loss and neurological deficits. However, the mechanisms responsible for the rapid expansion of neuroinflammation and its long-term progression have yet to be elucidated. Here, we investigate the role of microparticles (MP), a member of the extracellular vesicle family, in the exchange of pro-inflammatory molecules between brain immune cells, as well as their transfer to the systemic circulation, as key pathways of inflammation propagation following brain trauma...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290217/effect-of-volume-of-porogens-on-the-porosity-of-plga-scaffolds-in-ph-controlled-environment
#20
Manish Gupta, Adeyinka Aina, Yamina Boukari, Stephen Doughty, Andrew Morris, Nashiru Billa
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) is a well-studied biodegradable polymer used in drug delivery and other medical applications such as in tissue regeneration. It is often necessary to impart porosity within the scaffold (microparticles) in order to promote the growth of tissue during the regeneration process. Sodium chloride and ammonium bicarbonate have been extensively used as porogens in the generation of porous microstructure. In this study we compared the effect of volumes (250 µl, 500 µl and 750 µl) of two porogens, sodium chloride (1...
March 14, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
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