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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651397/-study-on-relationship-between-mother-s-animal-sourced-food-intake-during-pregnancy-and-neonate-birth-weight
#1
H Yan, S N Dang, B B Mi, P F Qu, L Zhang, H L Wang, Y X Bi, L X Zeng, Q Li, H Yan
Objective: To explore the effect of maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy on neonate birth weight and provide scientific basis for guiding the reasonable diet intake in pregnant women and increasing neonate birth weight. Methods: Data were derived from a cross-sectional project of"the prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi province" , which were conducted in 30 counties in Shaanxi province from July to November in 2013. A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select women who were pregnant between January 2010 and December 2013 for a random semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire survey to collect the data on the frequency and amount of food consumption on animal protein sources and the data of newborns...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650370/five-strategies-for-encouraging-seafood-consumption-what-health-professionals-need-to-know
#2
Julia Quam, Kellie Casavale
There is confusion among many Americans, particularly women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and parents and caregivers of young children, regarding seafood consumption. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourages us to eat a greater variety of protein foods. One way to do this is to choose seafood twice a week in place of meats, poultry, or eggs. Seafood, which includes fish and shellfish, is recommended for the total package of nutrients it provides. However, the average American is eating much less seafood than recommended...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648604/technological-demands-of-meat-processing-an-asian-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Wangang Zhang, B Maheswarappa Naveena, Cheorun Jo, Ryoichi Sakata, Guanghong Zhou, Rituparna Banerjee, Tadayuki Nishiumi
A rapid increase in the economy, population, industrialization, and urbanization of Asian countries has driven the fast development of their meat industries over recent decades. This consistent increase in meat production and consumption in Asia has been the major cause for the development of the global meat industry. Meat production methods and consumption are very diverse across different regions and countries in Asia, and thus, it is impossible to cover the technological demands of all Asian countries in this review...
May 20, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647383/impact-of-agaricus-bisporus-mushroom-consumption-on-satiety-and-food-intake
#4
Julie M Hess, Qi Wang, Clarissa Kraft, Joanne L Slavin
Previous studies on mushrooms suggest that they can be more satiating than meat, but this effect has not been studied with protein-matched amounts. The objective of this study was to assess the differences with satiety and ten-day food intake between A. bisporus mushrooms (226 g) and meat (28 g) in a randomized open-label crossover study. Thirty-two healthy participants (17 women, 15 men) consumed two servings of mushrooms or meat for ten days. On the first day, fasted participants consumed protein-matched breakfasts...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646828/spent-yeast-as-natural-source-of-functional-food-additives
#5
Rita Rakowska, Anna Sadowska, Ewa Dybkowska, Franciszek Świderski
Spent yeasts are by-products arising from beer and wine production which over many years have been chiefly used as feed additives for livestock. They contain many valuable and bioactive substances which has thereby generated much interest in their exploitation. Up till now, the main products obtained from beer-brewing yeasts are β-glucans and yeast extracts. Other like foodstuffs include dried brewer’s yeast, where this is dried and the bitterness removed to be fit for human consumption as well as mannan-oligosaccharides hitherto used in the feed industry...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644765/radioactivity-measurements-and-dosimetric-evaluation-in-meat-of-wild-birds
#6
Carla Roselli, Donatella Desideri, Chiara Cantaluppi, Federica Ceccotto, Laura Feduzi, Maria Assunta Meli
The aim of this study was to determine the background activity concentration of natural radionuclides and (137)Cesium (Cs) in meat of 14 migratory birds originating from central and northern Europe. This meat is largely consumed by the Italian population. (40)K, (210)Pb, and (137)Cs were determined by gamma spectrometry and (210)Po by alpha spectrometry. The mean (40)K activity concentration detected was 490 ± 117 Bq/kgdw. In all the samples, (210)Pb was below the limit of detection (LOD), and therefore it was not possible to calculate the ratio (210)Po/(210)Pb...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642841/strain-and-dose-dependent-reduction-of-toxoplasma-gondii-burden-in-pigs-is-associated-with-interferon-gamma-production-by-cd8-lymphocytes-in-a-heterologous-challenge-model
#7
Malgorzata Jennes, Stéphane De Craeye, Bert Devriendt, Katelijne Dierick, Pierre Dorny, Eric Cox
Toxoplasma gondii is a worldwide prevalent parasite of humans and animals. The global infection burden exceeds yearly one million disability-adjusted life years (DALY's) in infected individuals. Therefore, effective preventive measures should be taken to decrease the risk of infection in humans. Although human toxoplasmosis is predominantly foodborne by ingestion of tissue cysts in meat from domestic animals such as pigs, the incidence risk is difficult to estimate due to the lack of screening of animals for infection and insights in location and persistence of the parasite in the tissues...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639601/faecal-microbiota-of-healthy-adults-in-south-india-comparison-of-a-tribal-a-rural-population
#8
Balamurugan Ramadass, B Sandya Rani, Srinivasan Pugazhendhi, K R John, Balakrishnan S Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The relevance of the gut microbiota to human health is increasingly appreciated. The objective of this study was to compare the gut microbiota of a group of adult tribals with that of healthy adult villagers in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: Faeces were collected from 10 healthy tribal adults (TAs) in the Jawadhi hills and from 10 healthy villagers [rural adults (RAs)] in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu. DNA was extracted, and 456 bp segments comprising hypervariable regions 3 and 4 of the 16S rRNA gene were amplified, barcoded and 454 sequenced...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637427/aging-and-obesity-are-associated-with-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-a-cohort-of-males-in-the-central-province-of-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#9
N W I A Jayawardana, W A T A Jayalath, W M T Madhujith, U Ralapanawa, R S Jayasekera, S A S B Alagiyawanna, A M K R Bandara, N S Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors associated with hypertension (HT) in South Asian populations are relatively unknown. The objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence rates of undiagnosed HT and factors associated with it in a cohort of males from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: The study group consisted of 2462 males (mean age 31 years, range: 16-72 years) who underwent a routine medical examination at the National Transport Medical Institute, Kandy, Sri Lanka...
June 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#10
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634112/concentrations-of-environmental-organic-contaminants-in-meat-and-meat-products-and-human-dietary-exposure-a-review
#11
REVIEW
José L Domingo
Meat and meat products is one of the most relevant food groups in an important number of human diets. Recently, the IARC, based on results of a number of epidemiological studies, classified the consumptions of red meat and processed meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans" and as "carcinogenic to humans", respectively. It was suggested that the substances responsible of the potential carcinogenicity would be mainly generated during meat processing, such as curing and smoking, or when meat is heated at high temperatures...
June 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633691/dietary-gap-assessment-an-approach-for-evaluating-whether-a-country-s-food-supply-can-support-healthy-diets-at-the-population-level
#12
Edye M Kuyper, Reina Engle-Stone, Joanne E Arsenault, Mary Arimond, Katherine P Adams, Kathryn G Dewey
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity, and in particular consumption of nutrient-rich foods including fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and animal-source foods, is linked to greater nutrient adequacy. We developed a 'dietary gap assessment' to evaluate the degree to which a nation's food supply could support healthy diets at the population level. Design/Setting In the absence of global food-based dietary guidelines, we selected the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an example because there is evidence it prevents diet-related chronic disease and supports adequate micronutrient intakes...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632832/-a-hundred-years-since-the-beginning-of-the-great-war-trichinosis-outbreak-in-dresden-marine-in-chile-chronicle-of-an-announced-infection
#13
Italo Fernández, Alejandro Mihovilovich
In commemoration of one hundred years of the beginning of World War I, the occurrence of an outbreak of trichinosis in the crew of the SMS Dresden, a German ship that participated in that world conflagration, is re-viewed. In September 1915, while the sailors of SMS Dresden were forcibly detained on Isla Quiriquina, Bío Bío Region, Chile, 60 individuals became ill. The cause of the outbreak was the consumption of sausages made from pork infected with the parasite Trichinella spiralis. There was a fatal case...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628752/high-prevalence-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-and-tetracycline-campylobacter-spp-isolated-from-poultry-in-poland
#14
Anna Woźniak-Biel, Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska, Alicja Kielsznia, Kamila Korzekwa, Anna Tobiasz, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal, Alina Wieliczko
Campylobacter spp. is a major cause of foodborne diseases in humans, particularly when transmitted by the handling or consumption of undercooked poultry meat. Most Campylobacter infections are self-limiting, but antimicrobial treatment (e.g., fluoroquinolones and macrolides) is necessary in severe or prolonged cases. The indiscriminate use of these drugs, both in clinical medicine and animal production, has a major impact on public health. The aim of the present study was to identify Campylobacter strains, isolated from turkey and broilers, using both PCR and the matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) methods to reveal the accuracy of identification, as well to evaluate the antimicrobial and genetic resistance of the investigated strains...
June 19, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628401/dietary-red-and-processed-meat-intake-and-markers-of-adiposity-and-inflammation-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#15
Weiwen Chai, Yukiko Morimoto, Robert V Cooney, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Loïc Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Laurence N Kolonel, Marc T Goodman, Gertraud Maskarinec
OBJECTIVE: The potential influence of dietary factors on inflammation is important for cancer prevention. Utilizing data from control participants (312 men, 911 women) in 2 nested case-control studies of cancer within the Multiethnic Cohort, we examined the associations of red and processed meat intake with serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 and the mediator effect of body mass index (BMI) on the above associations (if present)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625952/daily-consumption-of-commercial-chicken-feed-and-meat-lead-to-alterations-in-serum-cholesterol-and-steroidal-sex-hormones-in-female-rats
#16
Saara Ahmad, Iftikhar Ahmed, Saida Haider, Zehra Batool, Saad Bilal Ahmed
Poultry consumption is increased worldwide owing to better taste, easy availability and low cost. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of the chicken feed, conventional chicken meat and organic chicken meat on the % growth rate, serum cholesterol, progesterone, testosterone and estrogen levels in female rats. Hundred female Albino Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups (n=25). Group I was control rats fed on standard chow, group II treated with commercial chicken feed, group III rats fed with conventional chicken meat and group IV with organic chicken meat for a period of 6 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622779/-iron-in-nutrition
#17
P Tounian, J-P Chouraqui
Iron deficiency is the main nutritional disease worldwide. The multidisciplinary working group of the French Pediatric Society on iron assessed the following recommendations. Since iron is variably absorbed depending on foods, the group defined absorbed iron requirements instead of dietary iron requirements. Iron-rich foods should be introduced at 4-months of age in some breast-fed infants. Between 7 and 11 month-old, formula-fed infants should drink at least 700ml per day of follow-on formula and partially or totally breast-fed infants should receive oral iron supplementation...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619039/food-insecurity-and-food-consumption-by-season-in-households-with-children-in-an-arctic-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Catherine Huet, James D Ford, Victoria L Edge, Jamal Shirley, Nia King, Sherilee L Harper
BACKGROUND: High rates of food insecurity are documented among Inuit households in Canada; however, data on food insecurity prevalence and seasonality for Inuit households with children are lacking, especially in city centres. This project: (1) compared food consumption patterns for households with and without children, (2) compared the prevalence of food insecurity for households with and without children, (3) compared food consumption patterns and food insecurity prevalence between seasons, and (4) identified factors associated with food insecurity in households with children in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618837/fish-and-meat-are-often-withheld-from-the-diets-of-infants-6-to-12-months-in-fish-farming-households-in-rural-bangladesh
#19
Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Natalie Valpiani, Rumana Akter, Md Abdul Baten, Sven Genschick, Manjurul Karim, Shakuntala H Thilsted
BACKGROUND: Fish is a widely available animal-source food in Bangladesh and a rich source of nutrients, yet little is known about practices related to incorporating fish into the diets of infants and young children. OBJECTIVE: Use dietary diversity data to explore consumption patterns of fish and high-quality food items within the household and examine factors associated with delayed introduction of fish to infants and young children. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 496 households with children <36 months participating in the Aquaculture for Income and Nutrition project in Bangladesh...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613925/implications-of-domestic-food-practices-for-the-presence-of-bioactive-components-in-meats-with-special-reference-to-meat-based-functional-foods
#20
Francisco Jiménez-Colmenero, Susana Cofrades, Ana M Herrero, Claudia Ruiz-Capillas
Although an essential component of the diet, the consumption of meat is in question. Meat is a major source of beneficial compounds but it also contains other substances with negative health implications. Functional foods, which are leading trends in the food industry, constitute an excellent opportunity for the meat sector to improve healthier meat options. Most studies on meat-based functional foods have focused mainly on the application of different strategies (animal production practices and meat transformation systems) to improve (increase/reduce) the presence of bioactive (healthy/unhealthy) compounds; these have led to the development of numerous products, many of them by the meat industry...
June 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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