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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527268/-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-cysticercosis-in-two-rural-communities-in-anzo%C3%A3-tegui-state-venezuela
#1
Manuel Toquero, Antonio Morocoima, Elizabeth Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium cysticerci, which are located mainly in the central nervous system causing neurocysticercosis. In Venezuela, few epidemiological studies on this disease have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence and risk factors for cysticercosis in two rural communities in Anzoátegui state. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a survey to collect data on possible risk factors and signs and symptoms of the disease, and we took 182 samples in two communities, Boquerón and Punto Lindo...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#2
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
May 18, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#3
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520814/rs12970134-near-mc4r-is-associated-with-appetite-and-beverage-intake-in-overweight-and-obese-children-a-family-based-association-study-in-chinese-population
#4
Shuo Wang, Jieyun Song, Yide Yang, Nitesh V Chawla, Jun Ma, Haijun Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicated that eating behaviors are under genetic influence, and the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene polymorphisms can affect the total energy intake and the consumption of fat, protein and carbohydrates. Our study aims at investigating the association of the MC4R polymorphism with appetite and food intake among Chinese children. METHODS: A family-based association study was conducted among 151 Chinese trios whose offsprings were overweight/obese children aged 9-15 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514984/alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-is-positively-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-in-middle-aged-adults
#5
Hui-Yuan Tian, Rui Qiu, Li-Peng Jing, Zhan-Yong Chen, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508737/the-future-for-long-chain-n-3-pufa-in-the-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-do-we-need-to-target-non-fish-eaters
#6
W L Hall
Dietary guidelines in many countries include a recommendation to consume oily fish, mainly on the basis of evidence from prospective cohort studies that fish consumption is cardioprotective. However, average intakes are very low in a large proportion of the UK population. Some groups, such as vegans and vegetarians, purposely omit fish (along with meat) from their diet resulting in zero or trace intakes of long chain (LC) n-3 PUFA. Although the efficacy of dietary fish oil supplementation in the prevention of CVD has been questioned in recent years, the balance of evidence indicates that LC n-3 PUFA exert systemic pleiotropic effects through their influence on gene expression, cell signalling, membrane fluidity and by conversion to specialised proresolving mediators; autacoid lipid mediators that resolve inflammatory events...
May 16, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#7
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506251/diversity-in-vitro-virulence-traits-and-antifungal-susceptibility-pattern-of-gastrointestinal-yeast-flora-of-healthy-poultry-gallus-gallus-domesticus
#8
Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Nawal Kishor Sharan, Bharat Prasad Baral, Deependra Hamal, Niranjan Nayak, Peralam Yegneswaran Prakash, Brijesh Sathian, Indira Bairy, Shishir Gokhale
BACKGROUND: Poultry farming and consumption of poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus) meat and eggs are common gastronomical practices worldwide. Till now, a detailed understanding about the gut colonisation of Gallus gallus domesticus by yeasts and their virulence properties and drug resistance patterns in available literature remain sparse. This study was undertaken to explore this prevalent issue. RESULTS: A total of 103 specimens of fresh droppings of broiler chickens (commercial G domesticus) and domesticated chickens (domesticated G domesticus) were collected from the breeding sites...
May 15, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506241/socio-demographic-determinants-of-toxoplasma-gondii-seroprevalence-in-migrant-workers-of-peninsular-malaysia
#9
Norhidayu Sahimin, Yvonne A L Lim, Farnaza Ariffin, Jerzy M Behnke, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Martin Walker, John W Lewis, Rahmah Noordin, Khairul Anuar Abdullah, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain
BACKGROUND: The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work...
May 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505347/body-weight-and-psychological-well-being-in-the-uk-general-population
#10
Olga Archangelidi, Emmanouil Mentzakis
Background: While the consequences of body weight for physical health are well explored, the evidence for psychological well-being is less straightforward. An instrumental variable approach is used to address the endogenous relationship between body weight and well-being in the UK general population. Methods: Data from the Health Survey for England (2003, 2004 and 2006) are used to fit linear and ordered probit instrument variable models for a sample of 13 862 individuals, with frequent white meat consumption instrumenting for body-weight...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505126/unprocessed-meat-consumption-and-incident-cardiovascular-diseases-in-korean-adults-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#11
Kyong Park, Jakyung Son, Jiyoung Jang, Ryungwoo Kang, Hye-Kyung Chung, Kyong Won Lee, Seung-Min Lee, Hyunjung Lim, Min-Jeong Shin
Meat consumption has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Western societies; however, epidemiological data are limited on the Korean population. Therefore, we examined the associations between unprocessed meat consumption and CVD incidence in Korea. Data were derived from the Ansung-Ansan cohort (2001-2012), including 9370 adults (40-69 years) without CVD or cancer at baseline. Total unprocessed meat consumption was estimated as the sum of unprocessed red meat (beef, pork, and organ meat) and poultry consumption...
May 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502588/alternative-uses-for-co-products-harnessing-the-potential-of-valuable-compounds-from-meat-processing-chains
#12
REVIEW
Anne Maria Mullen, Carlos Álvarez, Dimitrios I Zeugolis, Maeve Henchion, Eileen O'Neill, Liana Drummond
Opportunities for exploiting the inherent value of protein-rich meat processing co-products, in the context of increased global demand for protein and for sustainable processing systems, are discussed. While direct consumption maybe the most profitable route for some, this approach is influenced greatly by local and cultural traditions. A more profitable and sustainable approach may be found in recognizing this readily available and under-utilised resource can provide high value components, such as proteins, with targeted high value functionality of relevance to a variety of sectors...
May 3, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501437/electronic-noses-powerful-tools-in-meat-quality-assessment
#13
REVIEW
Wojciech Wojnowski, Tomasz Majchrzak, Tomasz Dymerski, Jacek Gębicki, Jacek Namieśnik
Main factors that are considered by consumers when choosing meat products are colour and aroma, of which the latter is a more reliable indicator of quality. However, a simple sensory evaluation of hedonistic qualities is often not sufficient to determine whether protein is past its shelf life, and consumption of spoiled meat can lead to serious health hazards. Some volatile compounds can be used as spoilage indicators, and so a device equipped with a sensor sensitive to particular odorants would prove useful...
May 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498841/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-anthrax-and-meat-consumption-practices-among-affected-communities-in-zambia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#14
Doreen Chilolo Sitali, Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Oliver Mweemba, Consolata Kabonesa, Mwinyi Omary Mwinyi, Luke Nyakarahuka, John Bwalya Muma
BACKGROUND: In Zambia, human anthrax cases often occur following cases of animal anthrax. Human behaviour has been implicated in this transmission. The objective of the study was to explore human behavioural patterns that may contribute to outbreaks of anthrax among affected communities. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in four districts of Zambia from November 2015 to February 2016. A cross sectional survey involving 1,127 respondents, six focus group discussions and seven key informant interviews with professional staff were conducted...
May 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497612/accurate-assessment-of-alpha-gal-syndrome-using-cetuximab-and-bovine-thyroglobulin-specific-ige
#15
Da Woon Sim, Jong Sun Lee, Kyung Hee Park, Kyoung Yong Jeong, Young-Min Ye, Jae-Hyun Lee, Jung-Won Park
SCOPE: IgE against galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) cause alpha-gal syndrome. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG) and cetuximab share this epitope. We aimed to determine the utility of specific IgE (sIgE) against cetuximab as compared to BTG for diagnosing alpha-gal syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve patients with alpha-gal syndrome, 11 patients with immediate beef or pork allergy, 18 asymptomatic individuals with meat sensitivity, and 10 non-atopic subjects were enrolled...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490434/red-meat-consumption-is-linked-to-higher-risk-of-death-from-most-major-causes
#16
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486398/bioactive-peptides-in-animal-food-products
#17
REVIEW
Marzia Albenzio, Antonella Santillo, Mariangela Caroprese, Antonella Della Malva, Rosaria Marino
Proteins of animal origin represent physiologically active components in the human diet; they exert a direct action or constitute a substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis upon food processing and consumption. Bioactive peptides may descend from the hydrolysis by digestive enzymes, enzymes endogenous to raw food materials, and enzymes from microorganisms added during food processing. Milk proteins have different polymorphisms for each dairy species that influence the amount and the biochemical characteristics (e...
May 9, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485632/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-domesticated-korean-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-coreanus
#18
Min-Goo Seo, In-Ohk Ouh, Munki Kim, Jienny Lee, Young-Hoan Kim, Jae-Cheul Do, Dongmi Kwak
Tuberculosis, a chronic progressive disease, has been reported in bovine, swine, and primate species. Here, we report the first case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a Korean wild boar ( Sus scrofa coreanus). The owners this domesticated boar brought it to the Gyeongbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory in Korea after it was found dead and severely emaciated. Demarcated yellowish white nodules were found around the larynx and retropharyngeal lymph node during necropsy. The lungs had diffuse fibrinous pleuritis, severe congestion, and scattered nodules...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475359/assessment-of-consumer-exposure-to-salmonella-spp-campylobacter-spp-and-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-meat-products-at-retail-in-the-city-of-sao-paulo-brazil
#19
Christiane Asturiano Ristori, Ruth Estela Gravato Rowlands, Cecília Geraldes Martins, Maria Luisa Barbosa, Luis Fernando Dos Santos, Miyoko Jakabi, Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Meat products may be vehicles of bacterial pathogens to humans, and Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp., and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are the most relevant. The aim of this study was to generate data on prevalence of these three pathogens in 552 samples of meat products (hot dogs, pork sausages, raw ground beef, and raw chicken legs) sold at retail in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Salmonella spp. was detected in 5.8% (32/552) of samples, comprising pork sausages 62.5% (20/32) and chicken legs 37...
May 5, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473058/increased-cytokine-production-by-monocytes-from-human-subjects-who-consumed-grape-powder-was-not-mediated-by-differences-in-dietary-intake-patterns
#20
Susan J Zunino, Nancy L Keim, Darshan S Kelley, Ellen L Bonnel, Elaine C Souza, Janet M Peerson
Recently, in a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we reported that consumption of grape powder by obese human subjects increased the production of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 by peripheral blood monocytes after ex vivo stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide compared with the placebo treatment. We hypothesized that dietary grape powder increased the production of these cytokines by stimulated monocytes. To test this hypothesis, we used 24-hour dietary recall data to determine if differences in dietary patterns played a role in increased cytokine production...
April 2017: Nutrition Research
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