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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445513/dietary-patterns-and-all-cause-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#1
Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Taichi Shimazu, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Hiroyasu Iso, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis showed an inverse association of a prudent/healthy dietary pattern with all-cause mortality and no association of a western/unhealthy dietary pattern. However, the association of distinctive dietary patterns of Japanese population with mortality remains unclear. We prospectively investigated the association between dietary patterns and all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality among Japanese adults. METHODS: Participants were 36,737 men and 44,983 women aged 45-74 years who participated in the second survey of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (1995-1998) and who had no history of serious disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443380/acute-hypersensitivity-reaction-to-crotalidae-polyvalent-immune-fab-crofab-as-initial-presentation-of-galactose-%C3%AE-1-3-galactose-%C3%AE-gal-allergy
#2
Justin Rizer, Kaitlin Brill, Nathan Charlton, Joshua King
Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom (CroFab), commonly used for the treatment of clinically significant North American crotalinae envenomation, is generally well-tolerated. A novel form of anaphylaxis due to an IgE antibody response to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-gal) has been established following red-meat consumption as well as IV administration of cetuximab, which contain the α-gal epitope. We present a case of α-gal allergy discovered after acute hypersensitivity reaction to FabAV...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441747/associations-between-diet-and-toenail-arsenic-concentration-among-pregnant-women-in-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#3
Pi-I D Lin, Sabri Bromage, Md Golam Mostofa, Joseph Allen, Emily Oken, Molly L Kile, David C Christiani
This prospective study evaluated the relationship between long-term dietary habits and total arsenic (As) concentration in toenail clippings in a cohort of 1616 pregnant women in the Bangladeshi administrative regions of Sirajdikhan and Pabna Sadar. Diet was assessed at Gestation Week 28 and at Postpartum Month 1, using a locally-validated dish-based semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Toenail As concentration was analyzed by microwave-assisted acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438173/preliminary-results-demonstrating-the-impact-of-mediterranean-diet-on-bone-health
#4
Maria Cristina Savanelli, Luigi Barrea, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Silvia Savastano, Andrea Falco, Andrea Renzullo, Elisabetta Scarano, Immacolata Cristina Nettore, Annamaria Colao, Carolina Di Somma
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is an environmental factor affecting bone health. Nutrition is considered essential to achieve and maintain optimal bone mass. Mediterranean diet (MD) has shown to prevent bone disease. Aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone health status and adherence the MD. METHODS: Four-hundred eighteen healthy people (105 males and 313 females, age 50 ± 14 years) were recruited in the outdoor hospital of the "Campus Salute Onlus" held in Piazza del Plebiscito in Naples, October 17-20th 2013 and 09-11th October 2014...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433796/genetic-diversity-and-virulence-genes-of-salmonella-enterica-subspecies-enterica-serotype-enteritidis-isolated-from-meats-and-eggs
#5
Fatemeh Fardsanei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Hamed Memariani, Farhad Nikkhahi
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is one of the leading causes of food-borne gastroenteritis associated with the consumption of contaminated food products of animal origin. Little is known about the genetic diversity and virulence content of S. Enteritidis isolated from poultry meats and eggs in Iran. A total of 34 S. Enteritidis strains were collected from different food sources of animal origin in Tehran from May 2015 to July 2016. All of the S. Enteritidis strains were serotyped, antimicrobial susceptibility tested, and characterized for virulence genes...
April 19, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431261/dietary-patterns-and-depression-risk-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Ye Li, Mei-Rong Lv, Yan-Jin Wei, Ling Sun, Ji-Xiang Zhang, Huai-Guo Zhang, Bin Li
Although some studies have reported potential associations of dietary patterns with depression risk, a consistent perspective hasn't been estimated to date. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of depression. A literature research was conducted searching MEDLINE and EMBASE databases up to September 2016. In total, 21 studies from ten countries met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by a high intakes of fruit, vegetables, whole grain, fish, olive oil, low-fat dairy and antioxidants and low intakes of animal foods was apparently associated with a decreased risk of depression...
April 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430644/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Zhanwei Zhao, Zifang Yin, Qingchuan Zhao
The associations between red and processed meat consumption and gastric cancer risk have remained inconclusive. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze these associations. We searched PubMed and EMBASE to identify studies published from inception through October 2016. Subtype analyses of gastric cancer (gastric cardia adenocarcinoma and gastric non-cardiac adenocarcinoma) and dose-response analyses were performed. We finally selected 42 eligible studies. The summary relative risks of highest versus lowest consumption were positive for case-control studies with 1...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#8
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#9
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#10
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426411/toxoplasma-gondii-in-backyard-pigs-seroepidemiology-and-mouse-bioassay
#11
Erika Fernanda Torres Samico-Fernandes, Marcela Fernanda Torres Samico-Fernandes, Pedro Paulo Feitosa de Albuquerque, Jonatas Campos de Almeida, André de Souza Santos, André da Rocha Mota, Orestes Luiz de Souza Neto, Rinaldo Aparecido Mota
The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii in backyard pigs destined for human consumption in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Blood and tissue samples (liver, heart, brain, lung and diaphragm) were collected from 224 pigs from legal slaughterhouses and tested for T. gondii infection. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in the sera of 37.9% (85/224) by using the immunofluorescence antibody test (cut-off - 1:64). Tissue samples from seropositive pigs were bioassayed in mice. Tissue samples from seropositive pigs and from mice of the bioassay were submitted to histopathology, immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing; 14...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426250/processed-meat-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-italian-case-control-studies
#12
Valentina Rosato, Alessandra Tavani, Eva Negri, Diego Serraino, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Carlo La Vecchia, Monica Ferraroni
To add evidence to the limited data available from southern Europe, we assessed the association between processed meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk. We analyzed data from three case-control studies conducted between 1985 and 2010 in various Italian areas, including a total of 3745 incident cases and 6804 hospital-based controls. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by unconditional multiple logistic regression models. The median consumption of processed meat was around 20 g/day both in cases and controls...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425902/evidence-for-the-benefits-of-food-chain-interventions-on-e-coli-0157-h7-nm-prevalence-in-retail-ground-beef-and-human-disease-incidence-a-success-story
#13
Frank Pollari, Tanya Christidis, Katarina D M Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt, Jeff Farber, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Alex Gill, Penelope Kirsch, Roger P Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Human infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM has historically been associated with consumption of undercooked ground beef. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of the decline in E. coli O157:H7/NM infections in Canada with the introduction of control efforts in ground beef by industry. METHODS: The human incidence of E. coli O157:H7/NM, prevalence in ground beef and interventions from 1996 to 2014 were analyzed. Pathogen prevalence data were obtained from federal government and industry surveillance and inspection/compliance programs...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425092/coffee-consumption-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-by-anatomical-subsite-in-japan-results-from-the-herpacc-studies
#14
Hiroko Senda Nakagawa, Hidemi Ito, Satoyo Hosono, Isao Oze, Hideo Tanaka, Keitaro Matsuo
Consumption of coffee, a popular beverage worldwide, has been associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Although CRC exhibits different biological characteristics by anatomical subsite, the possibly heterogeneous impact of coffee on CRC by anatomical subsite has remained unclear. Here, we conducted two case-control studies to examine the association between coffee consumption and CRC risk as well as risk by anatomic subsite among Japanese using data from the Hospital-based Epidemiological Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center I and II (HERPACC-I and II)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424187/a-mediterranean-diet-lowers-blood-pressure-and-improves-endothelial-function-results-from-the-medley-randomized-intervention-trial
#15
Courtney R Davis, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard Woodman, Janet Bryan, Carlene Wilson, Karen J Murphy
Background: The consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, its impact on blood pressure and endothelial function is not clear.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of adhering to the consumption of a MedDiet for 6 mo on blood pressure and endothelial function in older, healthy Australians.Design: A total of 166 men and women aged >64 y were allocated via minimization to consume either a MedDiet (n = 85) or their habitual diet (HabDiet; control: n = 81) for 6 mo...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424081/menu-engineering-in-restaurants-adapting-portion-sizes-on-plates-to-enhance-vegetable-consumption-a-real-life-experiment
#16
Machiel J Reinders, Marlijn Huitink, S Coosje Dijkstra, Anna J Maaskant, Joris Heijnen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate whether increased portion sizes of vegetables and decreased portion sizes of meat on main dishes increased the amount of vegetables consumed in a real-life restaurant setting without affecting customer satisfaction. The participants were unaware of the experiment. METHODS: A cross-over design was used in which three restaurants were randomly assigned to a sequence of an intervention and control condition. In the intervention period, the vegetable portion sizes on the plates of main dishes were doubled (150 g of vegetables instead of 75 g) and the portion sizes of meat on the plates were reduced by an average of 12...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423486/tick-host-conflict-immunoglobulin-e-antibodies-to-tick-proteins-in-patients-with-anaphylaxis-to-tick-bite
#17
Lourdes Mateos-Hernández, Margarita Villar, Angel Moral, Carmen García Rodríguez, Teresa Alfaya Arias, Verónica de la Osa, Francisco Feo Brito, Isabel G Fernández de Mera, Pilar Alberdi, Francisco Ruiz-Fons, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, Agustín Estrada-Peña, José de la Fuente
Tick-borne infectious diseases and allergies are a growing problem worldwide. Tick bite allergy has been associated with the direct effect of immunoglobulin E (IgE) response to tick salivary antigens, or secondary to the induction of allergy to red meat consumption through IgE antibodies against the carbohydrate α-Gal (Gal α 1-3Gal β 1-(3)4GlcNAc-R). However, despite the growing burden of this pathology, the proteins associated with anaphylaxis to tick bite have not been characterized. To address this question, a comparative proteomics approach was used to characterize tick proteins producing an IgE antibody response in a healthy individual with record of tick bites, which had not resulted in any allergic reactions, and two patients with anaphylactic reactions to Rhipicephalus bursa or Hyalomma marginatum tick bites...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423476/dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-secondary-analysis-of-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#18
Victoria Coathup, Kate Northstone, Ron Gray, Simon Wheeler, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Large general population surveys show that heavy regular and episodic alcohol consumption are associated with lower intakes of fruits and vegetables, and higher intakes of processed and fried meat. This is of particular concern regarding pregnant women, as both alcohol intake and inadequate maternal nutrition are independently associated with adverse fetal outcomes. The current study aimed to determine associations between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423240/biochemical-cellular-physiological-and-pathological-consequences-of-human-loss-of-n-glycolylneuraminic-acid
#19
Jonathan Okerblom, Ajit Varki
About 2-3 million years ago, Alu-mediated deletion of a critical exon in the CMAH gene became fixed in the hominin lineage ancestral to humans, possibly through a stepwise process of selection by pathogen targeting of the CMAH product (the sialic acid Neu5Gc), followed by reproductive isolation via female anti-Neu5Gc antibodies. Loss of CMAH has occurred independently in some other lineages, but is functionally intact in Old World primates, including our closest relatives, the chimpanzees. While the biophysical and biochemical ramifications of losing tens of millions of Neu5Gc hydroxyl groups at most cell surfaces remains poorly understood, there are multi-scale effects functionally relevant to both sides of the host-pathogen interface...
April 19, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#20
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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