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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342873/association-between-the-frequency-of-protein-rich-food-intakes-and-kihon-checklist-frailty-indices-in-older-japanese-adults-the-kyoto-kameoka-study
#1
Miwa Yamaguchi, Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yoshizu Nozawa, Aya Itoi, Eiichi Yoshimura, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Chiho Goto, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Hisamine Kobayashi, Misaka Kimura
We aimed to investigate whether frequencies of protein-rich food intake were associated with frailty among older Japanese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011 among 3843 men and 4331 women in a population-based cohort of Kameoka city, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Frailty was assessed by the weighted score based on the 25-item Kihon-Checklist. The frequency of protein-rich food intake was examined as "seafood", "meat", "dairy products", "eggs", and "soy products". The outcome of frailty was analyzed with a multiple logistic regression model using the frequency of protein-rich food intake...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337861/protein-from-meat-or-vegetable-sources-in-meals-matched-for-fiber-content-has-similar-effects-on-subjective-appetite-sensations-and-energy-intake-a-randomized-acute-cross-over-meal-test-study
#2
Lone V Nielsen, Marlene D Kristensen, Lars Klingenberg, Christian Ritz, Anita Belza, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben
Higher-protein meals decrease hunger and increase satiety compared to lower-protein meals. However, no consensus exists about the different effects of animal and vegetable proteins on appetite. We investigated how a meal based on vegetable protein (fava beans/split peas) affected ad libitum energy intake and appetite sensations, compared to macronutrient-balanced, iso-caloric meals based on animal protein (veal/pork or eggs). Thirty-five healthy men were enrolled in this acute cross-over study. On each test day, participants were presented with one of four test meals (~3550 kilojoules (kJ) 19% of energy from protein), based on fava beans/split peas (28...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335058/association-of-dietary-pattern-during-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-northern-china
#3
Hong Yi DU, Hong Jiang, Karmin O, Bo Chen, Lin Ji Xu, Shu Ping Liu, Jian Ping Yi, Geng Sheng He, Xu Qian
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in northern China. METHODS: The dietary intakes of pregnant women were recorded twice by 24-hour dietary recalls for three days prior to having been diagnosed with GDM, at 5-15 and 24-28 gestational weeks, respectively. GDM was diagnosed, and serum glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured at 24-28 weeks. Dietary patterns were assessed by factor analysis...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333059/innate-food-aversions-and-culturally-transmitted-food-taboos-in-pregnant-women-in-rural-southwest-india-separate-systems-to-protect-the-fetus
#4
Caitlyn D Placek, Purnima Madhivanan, Edward H Hagen
Pregnancy increases women's nutritional requirements, yet causes aversions to nutritious foods. Most societies further restrict pregnant women's diet with food taboos. Pregnancy food aversions are theorized to protect mothers and fetuses from teratogens and pathogens or increase dietary diversity in response to resource scarcity. Tests of these hypotheses have had mixed results, perhaps because many studies are in Westernized populations with reliable access to food and low exposure to pathogens. If pregnancy food aversions are adaptations, however, then they likely evolved in environments with uncertain access to food and high exposure to pathogens...
November 2017: Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#5
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325550/acute-onset-high-morbidity-primary-photosensitisation-in-sheep-associated-with-consumption-of-the-casbah-and-mauro-cultivars-of-the-pasture-legume-biserrula
#6
Jane C Quinn, Yuchi Chen, Belinda Hackney, Muhammad Shoaib Tufail, Leslie A Weston, Panayiotis Loukopoulos
BACKGROUND: Primary photosensitisation (PS) subsequent to ingestion of the pasture legume Biserrula pelecinus L. (biserrula) has recently been confirmed in grazing livestock. Given the potential utility of this pasture species in challenging climates, a grazing trial was undertaken to examine if both varieties 'Casbah' and 'Mauro' were able to cause photosensitisation in livestock, and if this could be mitigated by grazing in winter, or in combination with other common pasture species...
January 11, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317880/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-healthy-blood-donors-in-northeast-of-iran
#7
Saeed Sadooghian, Hossein Mahmoudvand, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Naser Nazari Sarcheshmeh, Amir Tavakoli Kareshk, Hossein Kamiabi, Naser Zia-Ali
Background: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IgM and IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and the associated risk factors among healthy blood donors in Khorasan Razavi Province, northeast of Iran from Nov 2014 to May 2015. Methods: Overall, 491 serum samples from apparently healthy blood donors referred the six biggest blood centers in Razavi Khorasan, Iran, were screened for IgG and IgM anti-T. gondii antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317018/outbreak-of-salmonella-bovismorbificans-associated-with-the-consumption-of-uncooked-ham-products-the-netherlands-2016-to-2017
#8
Diederik Brandwagt, Cees van den Wijngaard, Anna Dolores Tulen, Annemieke Christine Mulder, Agnetha Hofhuis, Rianne Jacobs, Max Heck, Anjo Verbruggen, Hans van den Kerkhof, Ife Slegers-Fitz-James, Lapo Mughini-Gras, Eelco Franz
In January 2017, an increase in reported Salmonellaenterica serotype Bovismorbificans cases in the Netherlands was observed since October 2016. We implemented a case-control study to identify the source, including all cases after December 2016. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression analysis. We traced back the distribution chain of suspected food items and sampled them for microbiological analysis. Human and food isolates were sequenced using whole genome sequencing (WGS). From October 2016 to March 2017, 54 S...
January 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315276/identifying-dietary-patterns-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-korean-adults-using-reduced-rank-regression
#9
Dayeon Shin, Kyung Won Lee, Mi-Hye Kim, Hung Ju Kim, Yun Sook An, Hae-Kyung Chung
Diet plays a crucial role in cognitive function. Few studies have examined the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive functions of older adults in the Korean population. This study aimed to identify the effect of dietary patterns on the risk of mild cognitive impairment. A total of 239 participants, including 88 men and 151 women, aged 65 years and older were selected from health centers in the district of Seoul, Gyeonggi province, and Incheon, in Korea. Dietary patterns were determined using Reduced Rank Regression (RRR) methods with responses regarding vitamin B6, vitamin C, and iron intakes, based on both a one-day 24-h recall and a food frequency questionnaire...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313754/adipoq-45t%C3%A2-g-polymorphism-food-ingestion-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-persons
#10
Vanessa R Retamoso, Patrícia Maurer, Lyana B Feijóo, Graziela M S Tavares, Vanusa Manfredini, Jacqueline C E Piccoli
INTRODUCTION: The current nutritional transition process contributes further to accelerate the onset of metabolic disorders, as do a number of environmental factors that lead to the diagnosis of chronic diseases, as a diet of low nutritional value, is possibly related to the incidence of metabolic syndrome. In addition to these factors, metabolic syndrome may also be related to genetic factors, the ADIPOQ + 45T> G polymorphism has been associated with serum adiponectin levels, insulin sensitivity, and obesity, which affects adiponectin levels act as protective factor for cardiovascular disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305340/evidence-from-web-based-dietary-search-patterns-to-the-role-of-b12-deficiency-in-non-specific-chronic-pain-a-large-scale-observational-study
#11
Eitan Giat, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Profound vitamin B12 deficiency is a known cause of disease, but the role of low or intermediate levels of B12 in the development of neuropathy and other neuropsychiatric symptoms, as well as the relationship between eating meat and B12 levels, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the role of low or intermediate levels of B12 in the development of neuropathy and other neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We used food-related Internet search patterns from a sample of 8...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304804/development-and-test-of-a-visual-only-meat-inspection-system-for-heavy-pigs-in-northern-italy
#12
Sergio Ghidini, Emanuela Zanardi, Pierluigi Aldo Di Ciccio, Silvio Borrello, Giancarlo Belluzi, Sarah Guizzardi, Adriana Ianieri
BACKGROUND: There is a general consensus in recognizing that traditional meat inspection is no longer able to address the hazards related to meat consumption. Moreover, it has been shown that invasive procedures, such as palpation and incision, can increase microbial contamination in carcasses. For these reasons, legislations all over the world are changing meat inspection techniques, moving towards visual-only techniques. Hence, there was also the need to test visual-only inspection in pigs in Italy...
January 5, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300982/gender-and-schooling-inequalities-in-risk-and-protective-factors-for-chronic-diseases-among-brazilian-adults
#13
Carla C Enes, Luciana B Nucci
Background: There is consistent evidence showing that low socioeconomic level, both at the individual and contextual levels, is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality due to noncommunicable diseases. Objective: To identify gender and schooling inequalities in the distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases among Brazilian adults. Methods: This study included data from 97 468 individuals interviewed in 2012 and 2013 from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299685/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-biosecurity-levels-in-fattening-pigs-and-sows-serological-and-molecular-epidemiology-in-the-intensive-pig-industry-lombardy-northern-italy
#14
Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Marianna Marangi, Luca Villa, Maria Elena Ragona, Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Annunziata Giangaspero, Maria Teresa Manfredi
Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread protozoan affecting animals and humans. One of the major routes of human infection is through the consumption of raw or under-cooked meat, particularly of certain animal species, including pigs. Although T. gondii represents an important public health issue, its control at slaughter is not mandatory. Consequently, available information on T. gondii infection in domestic animals destined for human consumption is scarce. Thus, an epidemiologic survey was designed to update information on T...
January 3, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298969/-dietetary-recommendation-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#15
REVIEW
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka, Wioletta Gronostajska
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world. Nowadays, in the adult population of Europe it is estimated at 14% to 21%. Its most important risk factors are obesity and metabolic syndrome. Introducing lifestyle changes such as: dietary intervention and increased physical activity are the first-line treatment and are intended to support not only NAFLD but also associated diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290351/red-meat-intake-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-two-sides-of-the-coin
#16
REVIEW
Denise Mafra, Natalia A Borges, Ludmila Ferreira Medeiros de Franca Cardozo, Juliana S Anjos, Ana Paula Black, Cristiane Moraes, Peter Bergman, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
Red meat is an important dietary source of high biological value protein and micronutrients such as vitamins, iron, and zinc that exert many beneficial functions. However, high consumption of animal protein sources, especially red meat, results in an increased intake of saturated fat, cholesterol, iron, and salt, as well as an excessive acid load. Red meat intake may lead to an elevated production of uremic toxins by the gut microbiota, such as trimethylamine n-oxide (TMAO), indoxyl sulfate, and p-cresyl sulfate...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284279/sociodemographic-factors-influencing-island-foods-consumption-in-the-pacific-islander-health-study
#17
N Kau'i Baumhofer, Sela V Panapasa, E Francis Cook, Christina A Roberto, David R Williams
OBJECTIVES: Pacific Islander Americans are a small, but quickly growing population that experiences alarming disparities in obesity and obesity-related chronic illnesses influenced by dietary patterns. This population also has a unique culinary heritage including traditional foods and more contemporary imports such as tinned meats and refined carbohydrates. This analysis is a novel attempt to understand the sociodemographic factors influencing island foods consumption. DESIGN: A sample of 240 Samoan and Tongan adults in California from the Pacific Islander Health Study was used...
December 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284248/streptococcus-suis-a-re-emerging-pathogen-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-pigs-or-pork-products-part-i-epidemiology
#18
Jacek Dutkiewicz, Jacek Sroka, Violetta Zając, Bernard Wasiński, Ewa Cisak, Anna Sawczyn, Anna Kloc, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla
<i>Streptococcus suis</i> (ex Elliot 1966, Kilpper-Bälz & Schleifer 1987) is a facultatively anaerobic Gram-positive ovoid or coccal bacterium surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule. Based on the antigenic diversity of the capsule, <i>S. suis</i> strains are classified serologically into 35 serotypes. <i>Streptococcus suis</i> is a commensal of pigs, commonly colonizing their tonsils and nasal cavities, mostly in weaning piglets between 4-10 weeks of age. This species occurs also in cattle and other mammals, in birds and in humans...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#19
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282023/is-meat-consumption-associated-with-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Yi Zhang, Ye Yang, Ming-Sheng Xie, Xiang Ding, Hui Li, Zhi-Chen Liu, Shi-Fang Peng
BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies have examined the effect of meat consumption on depression. However, no conclusion has been reached. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between meat consumption and depression. METHODS: The electronic databases of PUBMED and EMBASE were searched up to March 2017, for observational studies that examined the relationship between meat consumption and depression. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for the prevalence of depression and the relative risk (RR) for the incidence of depression, as well as their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI), were calculated respectively (the highest versus the lowest category of meat consumption)...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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