keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child seizures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778017/the-preconception-care-experiences-of-women-with-epilepsy-on-sodium-valproate
#1
Lorna Lawther, Helen Dolk, Marlene Sinclair, Jim Morrow
PURPOSE: To understand the preconception experiences of women with epilepsy who have been taking the teratogenic drug valproate. METHODS: Seven women were recruited, three from a preconception clinic and four from an antenatal clinic in a region of the UK. All had taken valproate preconceptionally. Three preconception clinic encounters were observed and audio-recorded. Interviews with all women were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Women experienced a "trajectory of balance"...
May 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774053/postherpes-simplex-encephalitis-a-case-series-of-viral-triggered-autoimmunity-synaptic-autoantibodies-and-response-to-therapy
#2
Harry Alexopoulos, Sofia Akrivou, Sotiria Mastroyanni, Maria Antonopoulou, Argirios Dinopoulos, Melpo Giorgi, Kostas Konstantinou, Evangelos Kouremenos, Maria Lariou, Dimitrios Naoumis, Efterpi Pavlidou, Evaggelos Pavlou, Konstantinos Voudris, Panayotis Vlachoyiannopoulos, Marinos C Dalakas
Background: Recent evidence suggests that patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis may relapse because of autoimmunity against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). We present a case series of post-HSV relapsing encephalopathy associated with antibodies to central nervous system (CNS) synaptic antigens. Patient/Methods: Sera and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from five patients with HSV encephalitis who relapsed after antiviral therapy were tested for anti-NMDAR, gamma-aminobutyric acid b receptor (GABAbR), α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR), Leucine-rich, glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1), anti -contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) and dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6 (DDPX) antibodies using cell-based assays...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754012/clinical-spectrum-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-an-observational-study
#3
Priyanka Madaan, Sheffali Gulati, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Savita Sapra, Rajesh Sagar, Akbar Mohammad, R M Pandey, Manjari Tripathi
PURPOSE: The current study was designed to analyze the clinical spectrum of Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in children. METHODS: Children aged 6-16years with clinically suspected PNES, confirmed by short-term VEEG (STVEEG{video electroencephalogram}) and induction were classified as per Seneviratne classification. Stressors, associated co morbidities, Verbal IQ (Intelligence Quotient) and behavioral abnormalities were assessed using HTP(House tree person) test, DSM IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders) TR criteria, MISIC (Malin intelligence scale for Indian children) and CBCL (Child behaviour checklist)...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753817/arch-augmentation-via-median-sternotomy-for-coarctation-of-aorta-with-proximal-arch-hypoplasia
#4
W Hampton Gray, Winfield J Wells, Vaughn A Starnes, S Ram Kumar
BACKGROUND: Coarctation of the aorta can be associated with hypoplasia of the proximal transverse aortic arch. One approach to manage this condition is via left thoracotomy and extended end-to-end anastomosis with the expectation that the proximal arch will grow over time. Our preferred approach is to augment the aorta via midline sternotomy. We hypothesized that this approach is safe, durable and allows reliable growth of the aorta. METHODS: We identified the records of patients with biventricular anatomy who had coarctation of the aorta, hypoplasia of the proximal transverse arch, and no other cardiac lesion that would mandate cardiopulmonary bypass use and midline sternotomy...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#5
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752575/expression-pattern-of-cdkl5-during-zebrafish-early-development-implications-for-use-as-model-for-atypical-rett-syndrome
#6
Marta Vitorino, Nídia Cunha, Natércia Conceição, M Leonor Cancela
Atypical Rett syndrome is a child neurodevelopmental disorder induced by mutations in CDKL5 gene and characterized by a progressive regression in development with loss of purposeful use of the hands, slowed brain and head growth, problems with walking, seizures, and intellectual disability. At the moment, there is no cure for this pathology and little information is available concerning animal models capable of mimicking its phenotypes, thus the development of additional animal models should be of interest to gain more knowledge about the disease...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750338/influence-of-contraindicated-medication-use-on-cognitive-outcome-in-dravet-syndrome-and-age-at-first-afebrile-seizure-as-a-clinical-predictor-in-scn1a-related-seizure-phenotypes
#7
Iris M de Lange, Boudewijn Gunning, Anja C M Sonsma, Lisette van Gemert, Marjan van Kempen, Nienke E Verbeek, Joost Nicolai, Nine V A M Knoers, Bobby P C Koeleman, Eva H Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic variants in SCN1A can give rise to extremely variable disease severities that may be indistinguishable at their first presentation. We aim to find clinical features that can help predict the evolution of seizures into Dravet syndrome and clinical features that predict cognitive outcome in Dravet syndrome. We specifically investigate the role of contraindicated medication (CIM) as a possible modifier of cognitive decline. METHODS: A cohort of 164 Dutch participants with SCN1A-related seizures was evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741717/influenza-associated-acute-necrotizing-encephalopathy-in-siblings
#8
Ashley Howard, Timothy M Uyeki, Jaime Fergie
Encephalopathy is an important complication associated with influenza, most frequently observed in young children, with a wide range of severity. The most severe category of influenza-associated encephalopathy (IAE) is acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE), characterized by high frequency of neurologic sequelae and fatal outcomes. We report two young siblings who developed fever and seizures with altered mental status. Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection was identified in upper respiratory tract specimens from both patients, and neuroimaging revealed bilateral inflammatory lesions, consistent with acute necrotizing encephalopathy...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727742/cytokine-levels-in-febrile-seizure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Aram Kwon, Byung Ok Kwak, Kyungmin Kim, Jongseok Ha, Soo-Jin Kim, Sun Hwan Bae, Jae Sung Son, Soo-Nyung Kim, Ran Lee
PURPOSE: Febrile seizures (FSs) are the most common form of childhood seizures. During infection, both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines are produced. Complex interactions among immune-inflammatory process, cytokine activation, and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of FSs. The association between cytokines and FSs during childhood is inconclusive due to inconsistent results reported in different studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine an association between cytokines and FS in children...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726081/liver-transplantation-for-neonatal-onset-citrullinemia
#10
Roshni Vara, Anil Dhawan, Maesha Deheragoda, Stephanie Grünewald, Germaine Pierre, Nigel D Heaton, Hector Vilca-Melendez, Nedim Hadžić
Citrullinemia or ASS deficiency in its classical form presents in the neonatal period with poor feeding, hyperammonemia, encephalopathy, seizures, and if untreated can be fatal. Despite advances in medical therapy, neurocognitive outcomes remain suboptimal. LT has emerged as a potential management option. A retrospective single-center review identified 7 children with a median age of 1.1 years (range, 0.6-5.8) at referral. Five children presented clinically, and 2 were treated prospectively from birth due to positive family history...
May 3, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721488/don-t-judge-a-book-by-its-cover-factitious-disorder-imposed-on-children-report-on-2-cases
#11
Noemi Faedda, Valentina Baglioni, Giulia Natalucci, Ignazio Ardizzone, Mauro Camuffo, Rita Cerutti, Vincenzo Guidetti
Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another (FDIA), also known as Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSbP) is a very serious form of child abuse. The perpetrator, usually the mother, invents symptoms or causes real ones in order to make her child appear sick. Usually this is due to a maladaptive disorder or to an excessive of attention-seeking on her part. We report here two new cases of FDIA. The first one is a 9-year-old boy with a history of convulsive episodes, reduced verbal production, mild psychomotor disorder and urological problems who underwent several invasive procedures and hospitalizations before a diagnosis of FDIA was made...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702412/vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-6-to-12-year-old-children-with-refractory-epilepsy-impact-on-seizure-frequency-and-parenting-stress-index
#12
Hueng-Chuen Fan, Ting-Rong Hsu, Kai-Ping Chang, Shyi-Jou Chen, Jeng-Dau Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Refractory epilepsy (RE) is frequently associated with neuropsychological impairment in children and may disrupt their social development. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) had been reported to have beneficial effects on behavioral outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare Parenting Stress Index (PSI) scores before and after VNS device implantation in children with RE, especially those who experienced seizure frequency reduction. METHODS: We conducted a one-group pretest-posttest study in school age children with RE...
April 24, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700085/valproate-life-saving-life-changing
#13
Rhys H Thomas
Antiepileptic medications, and valproate principally, are commonly prescribed teratogens. There is significant concern that we are not doing enough to educate clinicians and potential parents about the risks of valproate in pregnancy. There is clear advice from the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and the International League Against Epilepsy about the risks of valproate exposure in utero Reviews and guidelines that are focused on fetal risk, however, fall short in being able to fully replicate the complexity of a real clinical decision...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692965/sub-lobar-dysplasia-a-comprehensive-evaluation-with-neuroimaging-magnetoencephalography-and-histopathology
#14
Kenchaiah Raghavendra, Ganne Chaitanya, Bhargava Goutham, Anita Mahadevan, Ravindranadh Chowdary Mundlamuri, Rose Dawn Bharath, Mariyappa Narayannan, Malla Bhaskar Rao, Arimappamagan Arivazhagan, Parthasarthy Satishchandra, Sanjib Sinha
Sublobar dysplasia, a rare cortical malformation has been defined in only 8 patients to date. It was identified on the basis of histopathological features and MRI findings. We report a right temporal sublobar dysplasia, with detailed evaluation including neuroimaging, magnetoencephalography and histopathology to further characterize the pathology. Additional pathological features included a deep collateral sulcus in the basal right temporal lobe, thinned out right corticospinal tract, and bilateral asymmetric basal ganglia changes...
2018: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687030/therapeutic-effect-of-steroids-in-osmotic-demyelination-of-infancy
#15
Lalit R Bansal
An 11-month-old male presented with acute gastroenteritis, seizures, and altered mental status. Laboratory workup revealed serum sodium of 177 mmol/L. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed reduced diffusion in the supratentorial white matter, T2 hyperintensities in the left central pons and midbrain, subacute stroke in the right occipital lobe, and bilateral cerebellar hemorrhagic infarcts. The child was presumed to have hypernatremia-induced central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis. He received 5 days of high-dose methylprednisolone for persistent encephalopathy and spastic quadriparesis with rapid recovery of his cognitive function and neurological examination...
2018: Child neurology open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687028/deep-cerebral-vein-expansion-with-metabolic-and-neurocognitive-recovery-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#16
Flóra John, Mohsin Maqbool, Jeong-Won Jeong, Rajkumar Agarwal, Michael E Behen, Csaba Juhász
We present longitudinal imaging data of a child with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). At age 8 months, 3 weeks after initial seizures and prolonged motor deficit, MRI showed extensive right hemispheric SWS involvement with severe glucose hypometabolism on PET. She was treated with levetiracetam and aspirin. Follow-up imaging at age 29 months showed a robust interval expansion of enlarged deep medullary veins throughout the affected hemisphere along with a dramatic recovery of hemispheric metabolism and normalized neurocognitive functioning...
April 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680919/aggravation-of-seizures-and-status-epilepticus-after-vagal-nerve-stimulation-therapy-the-first-pediatric-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Ebru Arhan, Ayşe Serdaroğlu, Tuğba Hirfanoğlu, Gökhan Kurt
BACKGROUND: We describe the first child with drug-resistant epilepsy in whom vagus nerve stimulation aggravated seizures and emerged status epilepticus after the increase in vagal nerve stimulation current output. OBJECTIVE: A 13-year-old girl presented with refractory secondary generalized focal epilepsy. Vagal nerve stimulator was implanted because of drug-resistant epilepsy. After the increase of vagal nerve stimulator current output to a relatively high level, the patient experienced seizure aggravation and status epilepticus...
April 22, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676681/frameless-robot-assisted-stereoelectroencephalography-in-children-technical-aspects-and-comparison-with-talairach-frame-technique
#18
Taylor J Abel, René Varela Osorio, Ricardo Amorim-Leite, Francois Mathieu, Philippe Kahane, Lorella Minotti, Dominique Hoffmann, Stephan Chabardes
OBJECTIVE Robot-assisted stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is gaining popularity as a technique for localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ) in children with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Here, the authors describe their frameless robot-assisted SEEG technique and report preliminary outcomes and relative complications in children as compared to results with the Talairach frame-based SEEG technique. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the results of 19 robot-assisted SEEG electrode implantations in 17 consecutive children (age < 17 years) with pharmacoresistant epilepsy, and compared these results to 19 preceding SEEG electrode implantations in 18 children who underwent the traditional Talairach frame-based SEEG electrode implantation...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676349/partial-corpus-callosal-agenesis-with-ventriculomegaly-and-sulcal-anomaly-in-a-10-year-old-child
#19
Austine Abebe Osawe, Saleh M Kabir, Anas Ismail
Agenesis of the corpus callosum is a heterogeneous, congenital neurodevelopmental condition that can be observed either in isolation or in combination with other brain abnormalities. Patients often present early with characteristic neurologic and physical manifestations. This case discusses a 10-year-old boy who presented to a tertiary health facility in Northern Nigeria with 6-month history of seizure disorder, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence and had classical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings consistent with partial corpus callosum agenesis in combination with other brain abnormalities...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671836/children-s-experience-of-symptoms-narratives-through-words-and-images
#20
REVIEW
Barbara M Sourkes
Children who live with a complex chronic or life-threatening illness face extraordinary challenges. Whether they are receiving disease-oriented treatment (aimed at potential cure or prolongation of life) or palliative treatment-or both concurrently-our challenge is to enhance their comfort and minimize their distress. Symptom management is thus a critical component of pediatric palliative care. Symptoms may be either physical or psychological in nature (or a confluence of both) and their effective management has a direct impact on the child's quality of life...
April 19, 2018: Children
keyword
keyword
97929
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"