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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#1
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936409/is-body-shame-a-significant-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-skills-and-the-quality-of-life-of-treatment-seeking-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#2
Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro
This study aimed to examine (a) whether mindfulness skills were associated with higher quality of life through lower body shame for treatment-seeking children/adolescents with overweight and obesity and (b) whether this indirect effect was moderated by children/adolescents' age and gender. The sample included 153 children/adolescents with overweight/obesity followed in individual nutrition consultations. Participants completed self-report measures of mindfulness, body shame, and quality of life. Moderated mediation analyses showed that higher levels of mindfulness were associated with better perceived quality of life through lower body shame, but only among girls...
December 6, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936395/population-based-report-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#3
Giancarlo Natalucci, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Michael Von Rhein, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Beatrice Latal, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: As the survival rate of preterm infants constantly improves, knowledge on the impact of prematurity on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for clinical and parental guidance. We aimed to assess HRQoL in a national cohort of young adolescents born very preterm, and to identify predictors for poorer HRQoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All surviving Swiss live-born children below 30weeks of gestation during the year 2000 (290 subjects) were contacted at age 12years, together with their parents (262 families)...
December 6, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936333/alcohol-use-disorder-in-older-adults-challenges-in-assessment-and-treatment
#4
Mary C DiBartolo, Judith M Jarosinski
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a common, under-recognized, and under-treated health concern in older adults. Its prevalence is expected to reach unprecedented levels as the U.S. population ages; consequently, it is poised to place a significant burden on the healthcare system. Given the growing body of evidence regarding the patterns of use in this age group and the serious consequences of its misuse, it is critical that nurses and other healthcare providers assess for AUD in order to identify older adults in need of treatment...
December 9, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936083/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-cluster-randomized-prenatal-lifestyle-counseling-trial-a-seven-year-follow-up
#5
Päivi Kolu, Jani Raitanen, Jatta Puhkala, Pipsa Tuominen, Pauliina Husu, Riitta Luoto
There is a link between the pregnancy and its long-term influence on health and susceptibility to future chronic disease both in mother and offspring. The objective was to determine whether individual counseling on physical activity and diet and weight gain at five antenatal visits can prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and overweight or improve glycemic parameters, among all at-risk-mothers and their children. Another objective was to evaluate whether gestational lifestyle intervention was cost-effective as measured with mother's sickness absence and quality-adjusted life years (QALY)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935988/effects-of-a-community-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-co-help-among-adults-with-prediabetes-in-a-developing-country-a-quasi-experimental-study
#6
Norliza Ibrahim, Foong Ming Moy, Intan Attikah Nur Awalludin, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Ikram Shah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Malaysian adults has increased by more than two folds over the past two decades. Strategies to collaborate with the existing community partners may become a promising channel for wide-scale dissemination of diabetes prevention in the country. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of community-based lifestyle interventions delivered to adults with prediabetes and their health-related quality of life as compared to the usual care group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935987/patient-reported-treatment-satisfaction-with-rivaroxaban-for-stroke-prevention-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-french-observational-study-the-safari-study
#7
Olivier Hanon, Edouard Chaussade, Pierre Gueranger, Elise Gruson, Sabrina Bonan, Alain Gay
BACKGROUND: For antithrombotic treatments, Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) and patient satisfaction with treatment are essential data for physicians because of the strong relationship between patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment. The impact of rivaroxaban on patient satisfaction and quality of life was not sufficiently documented in phase III studies. There is a need for further data in this field especially in real life conditions. METHODS: The SAFARI study is composed of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), previously treated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA) and switched to rivaroxaban...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935879/-comprehensive-physical-antiedematous-therapy-in-treatment-of-patients-with-lymphedema
#8
A K Feiskhanov, A V Maksimov
Presented in the article is retrospective analysis of the results of treatment of patients with lymphedema. We treated a total of 33 patients with primary (n=6) and secondary (n=27) lymphedema. Stage II lymphedema was diagnosed in 18 (54.5%) patients, stage III lymphedema in 15 (45.5%) patients. The 33 patients had a total of 44 affected limbs (9 hands and 35 legs). All patients were subjected to comprehensive physical antiedematous therapy including: manual lymph drainage massage, formation of compression bandage, selection of individual class 3 plain stitch compression knitwear, special complex of therapeutic exercises, care of the skin of the affected limb...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935777/acupuncture-and-chronic-pain-management
#9
Ladan Eshkevari
According to National Institute of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop (2014), chronic pain affects an estimated 100 million Americans, with approximately 25 million people experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain, which negatively impacts their ability to function leading to a diminished quality of life. Pain is the primary reason Americans are on disability, which adds to the economic and social burden of suffering for the nation. Chronic pain costs are estimated to be between 560 and 630 billion per year...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935738/the-coronary-sinus-reducer-clinical-evidence-and-technical-aspects
#10
Francesco Giannini, Andrea Aurelio, Richard J Jabbour, Luca Ferri, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib
Chronic refractory angina is often a disabling condition, predominantly due to severe obstructive coronary artery disease, that is inadequately controlled by optimal medical therapy and not amenable to further percutaneous or surgical revascularization. Mortality rates associated with this condition are relatively low in clinically stable patients. However, it is associated with a high hospitalization rate and a reduction in both exercise capacity and quality of life. Due to the paucity of available treatment options, there is an unmet need for new therapies for these patients and for a reduction in the associated economic healthcare burden...
December 9, 2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935642/long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-living-liver-donors-a-south-asian-experience
#11
P Thomas Cherian, Ashish Kumar Mishra, Sm Faisal Mahmood, Mohan Sathyanarayanan, Ravichandra Raya, Venugopal Kota, Mohamed S Rela
: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term health related quality of life(HRQOL), changes in lifestyle and complications in living liver donors at a single transplant center from southern India. METHODS: 64 consecutive living liver donors from 2008-2011 were evaluated.46 out of 64 donors completed the short form 36(SF-36) via telephonic interviews or clinic consultations. Mean follow up was 48 months (range 37-84 months). RESULTS: There was no mortality in the donors evaluated...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935569/a-quality-of-life-model-promotes-enablement-for-children-with-medical-complexity
#12
Cindy Dodds, Gina Rempel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935566/factors-associated-with-parent-depressive-symptoms-and-family-quality-of-life-in-parents-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-and-without-spina-bifida
#13
Monique M Ridosh, Kathleen J Sawin, Rachel F Schiffman, Bonnie P Klein-Tasman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore factors related to parental depressive symptoms (PDS) and family quality of life (FQOL) in parents of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with and without a specific chronic health condition (CHC), spina bifida. METHODS: Two hundred and nine parents of AYA (112 with SB; and 97 without) and their AYA (46% males and 54% females) took part in a multi-site cross-sectional descriptive correlational study. In telephone interviews parents reported on measures of family satisfaction, resources, cohesion, stress, demographic and clinical data...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935563/physical-activity-and-walking-performance-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy-cp
#14
Kilby Mann, Elaine Tsao, Kristie F Bjornson
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of physical activity (PA) and walking performance to QOL in ambulatory children with CP, as function is not consistently associated with QOL in this population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, ages 2.2-9.9 years and GMFCS levels I-III, was employed. Individual multivariate regression models were developed for physical, psychosocial, and total domains of QOL as measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) controlling for physical activity and walking performance, participation level and frequency, topography of CP, walking capacity, age, and satisfaction with participation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935555/algoplus%C3%A2-scale-in-older-patients-with%C3%A2-dementia-a-reliable-real-world-pain%C3%A2-assessment-tool
#15
Fiammetta Monacelli, Alessio Signori, Laura Roffredo, Katiuscia Pace, Alessio Nencioni, Gisele Pickering, Macian Nicolas, Patrizio Odetti
Pain is still a neglected clinical issue in elderly people with dementia and/or communicative disorders, with an unacceptable higher rate of under diagnosis and under treatment. Cognitive deficit and emotional and psychological disturbances entangle pain symptoms, affecting patient self-report. So far, observational pain tools do not have fully adequate clinimetric properties and quality requirements for easy-to-use daily rating. Older patients with dementia represent a clinical challenge. The assessment of pain is important for improving clinical outcomes, such as functional status, frailty trajectories, comorbidity, and quality of life...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935411/climacteric-ripening-of-apple-fruit-is-regulated-by-transcriptional-circuits-stimulated-by-cross-talks-between-ethylene-and-auxin
#16
Nicola Busatto, Alice Tadiello, Livio Trainotti, Fabrizio Costa
Apple is a fleshy fruit distinguished by a climacteric type of ripening, since most of the relevant physiological changes are triggered and governed by the action of ethylene. After its production, this hormone is perceived by a series of receptors to regulate, through a signaling cascade, downstream ethylene related genes. The possibility to control the effect of ethylene opened new horizons to the improvement of the postharvest fruit quality. To this end, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene antagonist, is routinely used to modulate the ripening progression increasing storage life...
December 9, 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935356/evaluation-of-a-new-ostomy-mouldable-seal-an-international-product-evaluation
#17
Chantal Tielemans, Rosalind Probert, Louise Forest-Lalande, Anne Steen Hansen, Søren Aggerholm, Teresa Adeltoft Ajslev
A new mouldable seal, Brava® Protective Seal, was evaluated by patients on aspects related to residue, durability, and preference. A total of 135 patients from four countries participated (Denmark, Germany, Japan and the USA) and the new product was compared to the patients' usual pouching systems. Less residue and easier skin cleansing was observed, which may benefit patient quality of life. The possible benefits of less residue for peristomal skin health need further investigation.
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935345/using-health-psychology-techniques-to-manage-chronic-physical-symptoms
#18
Elizabeth Barley, Victoria Lawson
Chest pain and palpitations, non-malignant pain, breathlessness and fatigue often endure despite the receipt of appropriate nursing and medical care. This is distressing for patients, impacts on their quality of life and ability to function and is associated with high healthcare usage and costs. The cognitive behavioural approach offers nurses a model to understand how people's perceptions and beliefs and their emotional, behavioural and physiological reactions are linked. Common 'thinking errors' which can exacerbate symptom severity and impact are highlighted...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935333/cost-utility-analysis-of-the-insufflation-of-warmed-humidified-carbon-dioxide-during-open-and-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#19
Michelle Jenks, Matthew Taylor, Judith Shore
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of insufflation of warmed humidified CO2 during open and laparoscopic colorectal surgery compared with usual care from a UK NHS perspective. METHODS: Decision analytic models were developed for open and laparoscopic surgery. Incremental costs per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) were estimated. The open surgery model used data on the incidence of intra-operative hypothermia and applied risks of complications for hypothermia and normothermia...
December 9, 2016: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935142/sharing-information-about-cancer-with-one-s-family-is-associated-with-improved-quality-of-life
#20
Carlo Lai, Beatrice Borrelli, Paola Ciurluini, Paola Aceto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between cancer patients' ability to share information about their illness with their social network and attachment style dimensions, alexithymia and quality of life. We hypothesised that ability to share information about one's cancer with family, friends and medical teams would be positively associated with quality of life and secure attachment and negatively associated with alexithymia. METHODS: Forty-five cancer patients were recruited from the Psycho-oncology unit of the San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome...
December 9, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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