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Hospital Aquired Infection

Solomon Ali, Melkamu Birhane, Sisay Bekele, Gebre Kibru, Lule Teshager, Yonas Yilma, Yesuf Ahmed, Netsanet Fentahun, Henok Assefa, Mulatu Gashaw, Esayas Kebede Gudina
Background: Healthcare associated infection (HAI) is alarmingly increasing in low income settings. In Ethiopia, the burden of HAI is still not well described. Methods: Longitudinal study was conducted from May to September, 2016. All wards of Jimma University Medical Centre were included. The incidence, prevalence and risk factors of healthcare associated infection were determined. A total of 1015 admitted patients were followed throughout their hospital stay. Biological specimens were collected from all patients suspected to have hospital aquired infection...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Barbara J Zarowitz, Carrie Allen, Terrence O'Shea, Marcie E Strauss
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in nursing home residents is believed to be high because of the prevalence of predisposing factors such as decreased immune response, multiple comorbidities, medications, increased risk of infection, close proximity of residents, and recent hospitalization. Yet, specific information on CDI in this population is scarce.  OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in clinical and demographic characteristics, treatment, and underlying comorbidities in residents who acquired CDI preadmission (non-nursing home-acquired [NNH-Acquired]) compared with those who acquired CDI after admission to a nursing home (nursing home-acquired [NH-Acquired]) and matched controls...
July 2015: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Alizaman Sadigov, Gulzar Aliyeva, Aynur Agayeva
Respiratory Infections Posters IISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Identification of patients with drug-rersistant pathogenes at initial diagnosis is essential for traetment of pneumonia.The purpose of this study was to elucidate clinical features of community-aquired pneumonia(CAP) and to clarify risk factors for drug resistant pathogenes in patients with COPD.METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in hospitalized patients with CAP at three centers in Azerbaijan republic...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Lu Wnag, Chen Yang, Qian Zhang, Bing Han, Jun-jing Zhuang, Miao Chen, Nong Zou, Jian Li, Ming-hui Duan, Wei Zhang, Tie-nan Zhu, Ying Xu, Shu-jie Wang, Dao-bin Zhou, Yong-qiang Zhao, Hui Zhang, Peng Wang, Ying-chun Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, pathogens, and clinical features of infection in consecutive cases from 2010 to 2012 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. METHOD: The incidence, pathogen, treatment, and outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who had positive findings of bacterium in their samples from 2010 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: There were 449 positive samples (5.8%) from 4 890 patients during this period, among which 388 were proved to be with pathogenic bacteria...
August 2014: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Moli Li, Pinhua Pan, Chengping Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the change of pathogen distribution and antibiotic resistance of pathogens isolated from in-patients with hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) in the Department of Respiratory Medicine Intensive Care Unit (RICU) of Xiangya Hospital in 2005 and in 2011, and to provide reasonable anti-infectious strategy. METHODS: The positive susceptibility test of sputum (bronchial secretions) culture was done in patients with HAP in RICU of Xiangya Hospital in 2005 and in 2011, and the distribution feature and antibiotic resistance were compared...
March 2013: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Karina Jahnz-Rózyk
According to the WHO pneumonia are the third leading cause of death in low-and middle-income countries. In these countries, an important issue are also HIV/AIDS infections and tuberculosis. The clinical picture of severe pneumonia - outside hospital (community aquired pneumonia - CAP) and in-hospital (hospital-associated pneumonia - HAP & ventilator-associated pneumonia - VAP) is different similarly to laboratory examines results. In the etiology of infections the biological warfare pathogens were also included...
November 2012: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Mamdouh M El-Bahnasawy, Hazem H M Khalil, Tosson A Morsy
Human babesiosis has been documented in many countries. It is a zoonotic protozoan disease of medical, veterinary and economic importance. In this study, a twelve years old boy was referred to the hospital with intermittent fever of unknown origin. On clinical, parasitological and serological bases the case proved to be babesiosis. The boy acquired the infection from his pet dog which was heavily infested with Rhipicephalus sanguineus and suffered a mild feature of animal babesiosis. The patient was successfully treated with Atovaquone plus Azithromycin without relapse for one month follow up...
April 2011: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Hong-jun Li, Yan-qing Gao, Jing-liang Cheng, Yu-zhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Aquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) presents a challenge to medical researchers because of its unique pathological and clinical picture. The clinical data, particularly autopsy evidence, from China have failed to provide enough pathological and etiological evidence for AIDS diagnosis, which impairs the reliability of the diagnosis and our full understanding of the occurrence and development of AIDS complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate the imaging and pathologic characteristics of AIDS...
September 20, 2009: Chinese Medical Journal
Barbara Kaczorowska-Hać, Jolanta Wierzba, Joanna Stefanowicz, Katarzyna Sielachowicz, Marek Wlazłowski, Anna Balcerska
Chronic neutropenia is a decrease in circulating neutrophils in the peripheral blood lasting over 6 months. Values need to be refered with the age and race. In children aged 2 weeks to 12 months reffered values are above 1000/03BCL. There are congenital and aquired reasons of neutropenia in infancy. The most common type of chronic neutropenia in infants is chronic, benign neutropenia (AIN). Authors present ten infants between three and six months with chronic, benign neutropenia. The reason of ordering laboratory tests at outpatient clinic were benign upper respiratory tract infections (four cases), pallor (four cases) and on parental demand (one case)...
July 2008: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
Yun-Jian Hu
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) is common among hospital-acquired bacterial diarrhea, its mortality and morbidity show an increasing trend in recent years. Improper antimicrobial drug use is one of the key reasons. Adequate hand hygiene of healthcare workers, thorough disinfection of hospital environment, and appropriate isolation of patients are effective measures to prevent the outbreak of hospital-aquired CDAD.
October 2008: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Antoni P A Hendrickx, Marc J M Bonten, Miranda van Luit-Asbroek, Claudia M E Schapendonk, Angela H M Kragten, Rob J L Willems
Surface filamentous structures designated pili, and implicated in virulence, have been found on the surfaces of several Gram-positive pathogens. This work describes the conditional expression of two phenotypically distinct pilus-like structures, designated PilA and PilB, on the surface of a hospital-adapted Enterococcus faecium bloodstream isolate. E. faecium is an emerging Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen that can cause severe disease, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Expression of PilA- and PilB-type pili was analysed during different phases of growth in broth culture...
October 2008: Microbiology
Anna Gunnarsdóttir, Drífa Freysdóttir, Guðmundur Bjarnason, Thráinn Rósmundsson, Jónas Magnússon, Tomas Gudbjartsson
OBJECTIVE: Cryptorchidism is a common congenital genito-urological anomali in males with increased risk of infertility and testicular cancer. In this retrospective study the results of operations for undescended testis at Landspitalinn University Hospital were reviewed with special emphasis on patients diagnosed with testicular cancer later in life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study includes 593 males with undescended testis who were operated on between 1970 and 1993...
February 2003: Læknablađiđ
Huzly, Schönfeld, Beuerle, Bienzle
Background: The number of tourists visiting malaria endemic regions is continuously increasing. The risk of aquiring malaria infection can largely be prevented by the regular use of chemoprophylactic drugs combined with using protective measures against mosquito bites. In a prospective study we wished to determine the tolerability of chemoprophylactic drugs and the factors that influence compliance with malaria chemoprophylaxis and antimosquito measures. Method: German travelers (n = 6504) who attended the Berlin Institute of Tropical Medicine in Berlin for pretravel medical advice were interviewed by phone 4 weeks after their journeys about compliance with the recommended malaria chemoprophylaxis and the incidence of side effects...
September 1, 1996: Journal of Travel Medicine
D Maher, H P Hausler, M C Raviglione, N Kaleeba, T Aisu, B Fourie, P Nunn
SETTING: Community care organizations in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate current tuberculosis (TB) care in community health care organizations in sub-Saharan Africa, to assess their potential contribution to tuberculosis care, and to develop a model for expanded community participation in effective TB control. DESIGN: Quantitative assessment of tuberculosis care and cross-sectional assessment of qualitative measures in 14 community care organizations in Uganda, Zambia, South Africa and Malawi...
June 1997: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
R P Wenzel, C A Osterman, K J Hunting, J M Gwaltney
A new system of surveillance is described for detecting hospital-aquired infections. Surveillance begins on the ward where a weekly review of the nursing care plan (Kardex) is used to select high risk patients (approximately 65% of the total population) for a subsequent chart review. A nurse-epidemiologist required 16-25 hr per week to perform surveillance and 4 more hr to organize line listings of infected patients. The Kardex review was 82 to 94 percent accurate in detecting nosocomial infections when compared to prospective reviews of the charts of all hospitalized patients...
March 1976: American Journal of Epidemiology
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