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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667835/oxygen-release-induced-chemomechanical-breakdown-of-layered-cathode-materials
#1
Linqin Mu, Ruoqian Lin, Rong Xu, Lili Han, Sihao Xia, Dimosthenis Sokaras, James Steiner, Tsu-Chien Weng, Dennis Nordlund, Marca M Doeff, Yijin Liu, Kejie Zhao, Huolin L Xin, Feng Lin
Chemical and mechanical properties interplay on the nanometric scale and collectively govern the functionalities of battery materials. Understanding the relationship between the two can inform the design of battery materials with optimal chemomechanical properties for long-life lithium batteries. Herein, we report a mechanism of nanoscale mechanical breakdown in layered oxide cathode materials, originating from oxygen release at high states of charge under thermal abuse conditions. We observe that the mechanical breakdown of charged Li1-xNi0...
April 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667641/-on-the-occasion-of-his-180th-birthday-anniversary-of-ivan-ivanovich-neiding
#2
Yu I Pigolkin, Yu V Lomakin, A V Khodulapov
This article is devoted to the life and professional activities of the internationally renowned forensic doctor Ivan Ivanovich Neiding who became widely known in the early youth as the discoverer of the microscopic diagnostic features of the constriction marks formed in association with hanging and strangulation. During more than 22 years (from 1878 till 1900), I.I. Neiding acted as the head of the Department of Forensic medicine at the Moscow University where a large number of investigations on forensic medical ballistics, toxicology, obstetric and gynecological expertise were carried out under his supervision...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666331/isolation-and-characterization-of-the-major-histocompatibility-complex-dqa1-and-dqa2-genes-in-gayal-bos-frontalis
#3
Sameeullah Memon, Liping Wang, Guozhi Li, Xiangying Liu, Weidong Deng, Dongmei Xi
The species origin of Yunnan gayal has been controversial since many years. However, few recent genetic studies have suggested that it has perhaps originated from the hybridization between male Bos frontalis and female B. taurus or B. indicus. Being an important semi-wild bovid species, this has also been listed under the red list of International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. However, there is limited information available about the immunogenicity of this precarious species of Bos...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665809/generating-evidence-for-health-policy-in-challenging-settings-lessons-learned-from-four-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-implementation-research-studies-in-nigeria
#4
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Muktar H Aliyu, Olusegun A Adeyemi, Frank Oronsaye, Bolanle Oyeledun, Amaka G Ogidi, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Implementation research (IR) facilitates health systems strengthening and optimal patient outcomes by generating evidence for scale-up of efficacious strategies in context. Thus, difficulties in generating IR evidence, particularly in limited-resource settings with wide disease prevention and treatment gaps, need to be anticipated and addressed. Nigeria is a priority country for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This paper analyses the experiences of four PMTCT IR studies in Nigeria, and proffers solutions to major challenges encountered during implementation...
April 17, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665785/new-types-of-drug-use-and-risks-of-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hangzhou-china
#5
Lin He, Xiaohong Pan, Ning Wang, Jiezhe Yang, Jun Jiang, Yan Luo, Xingliang Zhang, Xiting Li
BACKGROUND: The use of new types of drugs has become more common among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of the use of new types of drugs, such as methamphetamine, ketamine, ecstasy, and rush poppers, and to examine the factors associated with drug use and HIV infection among MSM in Hangzhou, China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2015 and April 2016. We used snowball sampling to recruit MSM; participants were recruited from voluntary counseling and testing centers, baths, bars, Blued (an app for the gay community), QQ groups, clubs, and other types of venues...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665505/emotional-intelligence-and-perceived-stress-of-australian-pre-registration-healthcare-students-a-multi-disciplinary-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Desirée Kozlowski, Romano Fois, Fareen Reza, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students can experience high levels of stress. Emotional intelligence can moderate stress and increase wellbeing however there has been no prior research on the relationship between emotional intelligence and stress in Australian healthcare students. OBJECTIVES: To measure emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in final year healthcare students (nursing, pharmacy and dentistry), and to explore the relationships between EI, PS and discipline...
April 12, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664956/you-pray-to-your-god-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-in-the-provision-of-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda
#7
Katherine Albutt, Rachel R Yorlets, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Five billion people lack access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical and anesthesia care. Significant challenges remain in the provision of surgical care in low-resource settings. Uganda is no exception. METHODS: From September to November 2016, we conducted a mixed-methods countrywide surgical capacity assessment at 17 randomly selected public hospitals in Uganda. Researchers conducted 35 semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders to understand factors related to the provision of surgical care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664955/efficacy-of-a-biomechanically-based-yoga-exercise-program-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Alexander B Kuntz, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Elora C Brenneman, Sarah Karampatos, Emily G Wiebenga, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664587/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-early-childhood-and-development-of-asthma-and-rhinoconjunctivitis-a-medall-project
#9
Jesse D Thacher, Ulrike Gehring, Olena Gruzieva, Marie Standl, Göran Pershagen, Carl-Peter Bauer, Dietrich Berdel, Theresa Keller, Sibylle Koletzko, Gerard H Koppelman, Inger Kull, Susanne Lau, Irina Lehmann, Dieter Maier, Tamara Schikowski, Ulrich Wahn, Alet H Wijga, Joachim Heinrich, Jean Bousquet, Josep M Anto, Andrea von Berg, Erik Melén, Henriette A Smit, Thomas Keil, Anna Bergström
BACKGROUND: The role of tobacco smoke exposure in the development and persistence of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis through childhood into adolescence is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the associations of parental smoking from fetal life through adolescence with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis during childhood and adolescence. METHODS: We analyzed data for 10,860 participants of five European birth cohort studies from the Mechanisms of the Development of Allergy (MeDALL) consortium...
April 12, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664053/labor-onset-oxytocin-use-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-associated-effects-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-retrospective-study
#10
Shao-Wen Wu, He Dian, Wei-Yuan Zhang
Background: In the mainland of China, the trial of labor after cesarean section is still a relatively new technique. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of labor onset, oxytocin use, and epidural anesthesia on maternal and neonatal outcomes for vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) in a tertiary hospital in China. Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out on 212 VBAC cases between January 2015 and June 2017 in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663918/theranostic-applications-of-antibody-based-systems-in-human-diseases
#11
Fei Ding, Yangguang Gao, Xianran He, Yongmin Zhang
Since antibodies are one of the most successful classes of biopharmaceuticals for cancer treatment, it is very important to discuss the functionality and biological activity of endogenous antibodies in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases. Antibodies act on tumor cells in diverse ways, including engaging in antibody-dependent effector mechanisms, internalizing to deliver toxins, and displaying direct effects on cells. In this review, we outline three kinds of antibody-based therapeutic systems, namely Antibody-based Drug Conjugates (Ab-DCs), Antibody-based Recruiting Small Molecules (Ab-RSMs) and Carbohydrate Epitopes Recruiting Natural Antibodies (CERNA) for human disease treatment and imaging...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663840/compliance-with-standards-of-practice-for-health-related-rehabilitation-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-development-and-implementation-of-a-novel-scoring-method
#12
Wesley Pryor, Pushpak Newar, Chiara Retis, Isabelle Urseau
PURPOSE: To (A) develop a method for measuring compliance with standards, and (B) implementation of the method in 12 rehabilitation centers in six low and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: In part A, existing standards were compiled and operationalized into scores, organized into 5 'scorecards' and 15 'sub-scorecards', then tested and refined in an iterative process. In part B, 12 rehabilitation centers in 6 countries implemented the standards using the new method, revealing relative performance between centers, and across different standards...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663045/infection-related-ventilator-associated-complications-in-icu-patients-colonised-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#13
François Barbier, Sébastien Bailly, Carole Schwebel, Laurent Papazian, Élie Azoulay, Hatem Kallel, Shidasp Siami, Laurent Argaud, Guillaume Marcotte, Benoît Misset, Jean Reignier, Michaël Darmon, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Étienne de Montmollin, Bertrand Souweine, Bruno Mourvillier, Jean-François Timsit
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of infection-related ventilator-associated complications (IVAC) and their impact on carbapenem consumption in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients colonised with extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE). METHODS: Inception cohort study from the French prospective multicenter OUTCOMEREA database (17 ICUs, 1997-2015) including all ESBLE carriers (systematic rectal swabbing at admission then weekly and/or urinary or superficial surgical site colonisation) with MV duration > 48 h and ≥ 1 episode of IVAC after carriage documentation...
April 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662890/harsh-working-conditions-and-poor-eating-habits-health-related-concerns-of-female-head-porters-kayayei-in-the-mallam-atta-market-accra-ghana
#14
Samuel Harrenson Nyarko, Abdul Majeed Tahiru
Background: The kaya business is known to pose significant health-related risks to female migrants. This study sought to explore the health-related concerns of female head porters in the Mallam Atta market, Accra, Ghana. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in which twenty female head porters at the Mallam Atta market in Accra were interviewed. A thematic analysis was performed and the emerging themes were presented and supported with quotations from the respondents...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662695/impact-of-a-health-system-strengthening-intervention-on-maternal-and-child-health-outputs-and-outcomes-in-rural-rwanda-2005-2010
#15
Dana R Thomson, Cheryl Amoroso, Sidney Atwood, Matthew H Bonds, Felix Cyamatare Rwabukwisi, Peter Drobac, Karen E Finnegan, Didi Bertrand Farmer, Paul E Farmer, Antoinette Habinshuti, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Anatole Manzi, Peter Niyigena, Michael L Rich, Sara Stulac, Megan B Murray, Agnes Binagwaho
Introduction: Although Rwanda's health system underwent major reforms and improvements after the 1994 Genocide, the health system and population health in the southeast lagged behind other areas. In 2005, Partners In Health and the Rwandan Ministry of Health began a health system strengthening intervention in this region. We evaluate potential impacts of the intervention on maternal and child health indicators. Methods: Combining results from the 2005 and 2010 Demographic and Health Surveys with those from a supplemental 2010 survey, we compared changes in health system output indicators and population health outcomes between 2005 and 2010 as reported by women living in the intervention area with those reported by the pooled population of women from all other rural areas of the country, controlling for potential confounding by economic and demographic variables...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662692/strengthening-health-district-management-competencies-in-ghana-tanzania-and-uganda-lessons-from-using-action-research-to-improve-health-workforce-performance
#16
Tim Martineau, Joanna Raven, Moses Aikins, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Sebastian Baine, Reinhard Huss, Stephen Maluka, Kaspar Wyss
Background: To achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), more health workers are needed; also critical is supporting optimal performance of existing staff. Integrated human resource management (HRM) strategies, complemented by other health systems strategies, are needed to improve health workforce performance, which is possible at district level in decentralised contexts. To strengthen the capacity of district management teams to develop and implement workplans containing integrated strategies for workforce performance improvement, we introduced an action-research-based management strengthening intervention (MSI)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662689/supporting-the-development-of-a-health-benefits-package-in-malawi
#17
Jessica Ochalek, Paul Revill, Gerald Manthalu, Finn McGuire, Dominic Nkhoma, Alexandra Rollinger, Mark Sculpher, Karl Claxton
Malawi, like many low-income and middle-income countries, has used health benefits packages (HBPs) to allocate scarce resources to key healthcare interventions. With no widely accepted method for their development, HBPs often promise more than can be delivered, given available resources. An analytical framework is developed to guide the design of HBPs that can identify the potential value of including and implementing different interventions. It provides a basis for informing meaningful discussions between governments, donors and other stakeholders around the trade-offs implicit in package design...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662688/distribution-and-determinants-of-pneumonia-diagnosis-using-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-guidelines-a-nationally-representative-study-in-malawi
#18
Omolara T Uwemedimo, Todd P Lewis, Elsie A Essien, Grace J Chan, Humphreys Nsona, Margaret E Kruk, Hannah H Leslie
Background: Pneumonia remains the leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy was developed to standardise care in low-income and middle-income countries for major childhood illnesses and can effectively improve healthcare worker performance. Suboptimal clinical evaluation can result in missed diagnoses and excess morbidity and mortality. We estimate the sensitivity of pneumonia diagnosis and investigate its determinants among children in Malawi...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661815/why-strengthening-primary-health-care-is-essential-to-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#19
Chris van Weel, Michael R Kidd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661703/strengthening-patient-and-family-engagement-in-healthcare-the-new-haven-recommendations
#20
Christina C Wieczorek, Peter Nowak, Susan B Frampton, Jürgen M Pelikan
OBJECTIVE: Present and discuss the development and basic structure of a multilevel approach to strengthen patient and family engaged care, "The New Haven Recommendations on partnering with patients, families and citizens to enhance performance and quality in health promoting hospitals and health services". METHODS: A generic literature review was conducted followed by a Delphi procedure to prepare the New Haven Recommendations. From systems theory perspective, three conceptual levels are used to map action areas to enhance patient and family engaged care...
April 10, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
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