keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Strengthening

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734126/german-estsmoke-estimating-adult-smoking-related-costs-and-consequences-of-smoking-cessation-for-germany
#1
Diana Sonntag, Simon Gilbody, Winkler Volker, Shehzad Ali
AIMS: We compared predicted lifetime health care costs for current, never and ex-smokers in Germany under the current set of tobacco control polices. We compared these economic consequences of the current situation with an alternative in which Germany were to implement more comprehensive tobacco control policies consistent with the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) guidelines. DESIGN: German EstSmoke, an adapted version of the UK EstSmoke simulation model, applies the Markov modelling approach...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732317/cross-lagged-relations-between-motives-and-substance-use-can-use-strengthen-your-motivation-over-time
#2
Christine A Lee, Karen J Derefinko, Heather A Davis, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
Motives for substance use have garnered considerable attention due to the strong predictive utility of this construct, both in terms of use and problems associated with use. The current study examined the cross-lagged relations between alcohol use and motives, and marijuana use and motives over three yearly assessment periods in a large sample (N=526, 48% male) of college students. The relations between substance use and motives were assessed at each time point, allowing for the examination of these inter-relations over time...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732238/community-action-for-health-in-india-s-national-rural-health-mission-one-policy-many-paths
#3
Rakhal Gaitonde, Miguel San Sebastian, V R Muraleedharan, Anna-Karin Hurtig
Community participation as a strategy for health system strengthening and accountability is an almost ubiquitous policy prescription. In 2005, with the election of a new Government in India, the National Rural Health Mission was launched. This was aimed at 'architectural correction' of the health care system, and enshrined 'communitization' as one of its pillars. The mission also provided unique policy spaces and opportunity structures that enabled civil society groups to attempt to bring on to the policy agenda as well as implement a more collective action and social justice based approach to community based accountability...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732179/kgf-enhances-oral-epithelial-adhesion-and-rete-peg-elongation-via-integrins
#4
G L Sa, X P Xiong, J G Ren, J Y Wang, H F Xia, Z K Liu, S G He, Y F Zhao
Oral epithelial adhesion to the lamina propria underlies the physiologic function of the oral mucosa and contributes to resisting bacterial invasion, preventing body fluid loss, and maintaining routine chewing; thus, understanding the factors that positively influence oral epithelial adhesion is a research topic of great interest. Rete pegs contribute to oral epithelial adhesion by enlarging the contact areas, whereas integrins are the major molecules that mediate epithelial cell adhesion to the basement membrane...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#5
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731470/a-genomic-perspective-on-stoichiometric-regulation-of-soil-carbon-cycling
#6
Wyatt H Hartman, Rongzhong Ye, William R Horwath, Susannah G Tringe
Similar to plant growth, soil carbon (C) cycling is constrained by the availability of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). We hypothesized that stoichiometric control over soil microbial C cycling may be shaped by functional guilds with distinct nutrient substrate preferences. Across a series of rice fields spanning 5-25% soil C (N:P from 1:12 to 1:70), C turnover was best correlated with P availability and increased with experimental N addition only in lower C (mineral) soils with N:P⩽16. Microbial community membership also varied with soil stoichiometry but not with N addition...
July 21, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731450/the-experiences-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-in-dementia-diagnosis
#7
Yan Lian, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Fan Zeng, Xianmu Wu, Zhen Wang, Hui Ren
BACKGROUND: People can live well with dementia if they are diagnosed early and receive early interventions and appropriate dementia management and care. However, dementia is currently under-detected and under-diagnosed. The diagnosis rate is around 50% only in higher-income countries and 5-10% only in low- and middle-income countries. Studies on consumers' experiences in engaging in dementia diagnosis in a socio-cultural context are much needed in order to generate research evidence to inform person-centered dementia care and services...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731229/macroscopic-polarization-enhancement-promoting-photo-and-piezoelectric-induced-charge-separation-and-molecular-oxygen-activation
#8
Hongwei Huang, Shuchen Tu, Chao Zeng, Tierui Zhang, A H Reshak, Yihe Zhang
We report that both efficient photo- and piezoelectric- induced molecular oxygen activation are achieved via macroscopic polarization enhancement on a noncentrosymmetric piezoelectric semiconductor BiOIO3. The replacement of V5+ ions for I5+ in IO3 polyhedra gives rise to strengthened macroscopic polarization of BiOIO3, which facilitates the charge separation in the photocatalytic and piezoelectric-catalytic process, and renders largely promoted photo- and piezoelectric induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) evolution, such as superoxide radicals (*O2-) and hydroxyl radicals (*OH)...
July 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731171/protective-role-of-pollen-typhae-total-flavone-against-the-palmitic-acid-induced-impairment-of-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-involving-gpr40-signaling-in-ins-1-cells
#9
Xiao-Tao Feng, Hui-Ming Duan, Shuang-Lei Li
Prolonged elevated levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) contribute to the impairment of insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, which is partly attributed to the dysfunction of G-protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) signaling. Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF), an extract from a Chinese herbal medicine named Pollen Typhae, has been reported to effectively treat type 2 diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, palmitic acid (PA), a saturated fatty acid, severely impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a time-dependent manner in INS-1 cells, and PTF treatment prevented the impairment in a dose-dependent manner...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730785/pdcd1-strengthens-the-sensitivity-of-ovarian-cancer-to-cisplatin-chemotherapy-by-promoting-apoptosis
#10
Qian Li, Jie-Fan Gao, Bing-Li Qi
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to make clear the role of PDCD1 in the occurrence and progression of ovarian cancer, and explain its mechanism. METHODS: RT-PCR, westem blot, MTT and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression levels of PDCD1 mRNA and protein in human ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3, 3AO, CAOV3 and OVCAR3), human normal ovary, serous cystadenoma, and serous cystadenocarcinoma tissue. SKOV3, SKOV3-MOCK, and SKOV3-PDCD1 cells were subcutaneously injected into the armpit of nude mice to observe the effect of PDCD1 expression on tumorigenic ability...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730387/dynamics-of-the-pro-oxidant-antioxidant-system-parameters-in-wound-discharge-and-plasma-in-experimental-purulent-wound-during-its-technological-liquid-phase-treatment
#11
I M Bykov, A A Basov, V V Malyshko, S S Dzhimak, S R Fedosov, A V Moiseev
The dynamics of the pro-oxidant/antioxidant system of rabbits was studied at the local (in exudate) and systemic (blood) levels during therapy of purulent wounds in liquid medium with the use of a programmed device and the efficiency of the proposed technological method was compared with that of classical methods for the treatment of these wounds. More rapid recovery of the indicators of the pro-oxidant/antioxidant system to physiological values in the postoperative period was observed after treatment by the proposed method (7 days vs...
July 18, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730174/monitoring-health-inequalities-at-the-municipal-level-lithuanian-experience
#12
Snieguole Kaseliene, Olga Mesceriakova-Veliuliene, Jurgita Vladickiene, Ramune Kalediene, Neringa Seseikaite, Mindaugas Stankunas
This study aimed to assess the attitudes of Lithuanian public health professionals towards health inequality monitoring in municipalities. The survey was conducted in public health bureaus (PHBs) and administrations of municipalities in March 2015. All employees of PHBs, all municipal doctors and all employees of health departments were invited to participate in the study (N=318; response rate, 47.2%). The study participants had positive attitudes towards the importance of health inequality monitoring at the municipal level, meanwhile systematic health inequality monitoring was assessed moderately...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730171/an-accuracy-study-of-the-intracavitary-electrocardiogram-ic-ecg-guided-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-tip-placement-among-neonates
#13
Lian-Juan Zhou, Hong-Zhen Xua, Mei-Fang Xu, Yan Hu, Xiao-Fang Lou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical application of the intracavitary electrocardiogram (IC-ECG) guided Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) tip placement among neonates. BACKGROUND: the ECGs of neonates are difficult to perform and their wave shapes are of doubtful accuracy due to various interfering factors. METHOD: 115 neonates were admitted to perform PICC guided by IC-ECG. Logistic regression was performed to analyze all possible influencing factors of the accuracy from the tip placement...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729961/understanding-dual-precipitation-strengthening-in-ultra-high-strength-low-carbon-steel-containing-nano-sized-copper-precipitates-and-carbides
#14
M P Phaniraj, Young-Min Shin, Woo-Sang Jung, Man-Ho Kim, In-Suk Choi
Low carbon ferritic steel alloyed with Ti, Mo and Cu was hot rolled and interrupt cooled to produce nano-sized precipitates of copper and (Ti,Mo)C carbides. The steel had a tensile strength of 840 MPa, an increase in yield strength of 380 MPa over that of the plain carbon steel and reasonable ductility. Transmission electron microscopy and small angle neutron scattering were used to characterize size and volume fraction of the precipitates in the steels designed to form only copper precipitates and only (Ti,Mo)C carbides...
2017: Nano Convergence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729844/not-merely-experiential-unconscious-thought-can-be-rational
#15
Katie E Garrison, Ian M Handley
Individuals often form more reasonable judgments from complex information after a period of distraction vs. deliberation. This phenomenon has been attributed to sophisticated unconscious thought during the distraction period that integrates and organizes the information (Unconscious Thought Theory; Dijksterhuis and Nordgren, 2006). Yet, other research suggests that experiential processes are strengthened during the distraction (relative to deliberation) period, accounting for the judgment and decision benefit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729653/microstructure-refinement-in-w-y2o3-alloy-fabricated-by-wet-chemical-method-with-surfactant-addition-and-subsequent-spark-plasma-sintering
#16
Zhi Dong, Nan Liu, Zongqing Ma, Chenxi Liu, Qianying Guo, Zeid Abdullah Alothman, Yusuke Yamauchi, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Yongchang Liu
With the aim of preparing high performance oxide-dispersion-strengthened tungsten based alloys by powder metallurgy, the W-Y2O3 composite nanopowder precursor was fabricated by an improved wet chemical method with anion surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) addition. It is found that the employment of SDS can dramatically decrease W grain size (about 40 nm) and improve the size uniformity. What's more, SDS addition can also remarkably improve the uniform dispersion of Y2O3 particles during the synthesis process...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729559/effects-of-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-%C3%AE-pga-on-plant-growth-and-its-distribution-in-a-controlled-plant-soil-system
#17
Lei Zhang, Xueming Yang, Decai Gao, Lingli Wang, Jie Li, Zhanbo Wei, Yuanliang Shi
To demonstrate the responses of plant (Pakchoi) and soil to poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) is essential to better understand the pathways of the promotional effect of γ-PGA on plant growth. In this study, the effects of γ-PGA on soil nutrient availability, plant nutrient uptake ability, plant metabolism and its distribution in a plant-soil system were tested using labeled γ-PGA synthesized from (13)C1-(15)N-L-glutamic acid (L-Glu). γ-PGA significantly improved plant uptake of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) and hence increased plant biomass...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729509/experimentally-realized-mechanochemistry-distinct-from-force-accelerated-scission-of-loaded-bonds
#18
Sergey Akbulatov, Yancong Tian, Zhen Huang, Timothy J Kucharski, Qing-Zheng Yang, Roman Boulatov
Stretching polymer chains accelerates dissociation of a variety of internal covalent bonds, to an extent that correlates well with the force experienced by the scissile bond. Recent theory has also predicted scenarios in which applied force accelerates dissociation of unloaded bonds and kinetically strengthens strained bonds. We report here unambiguous experimental validation of this hypothesis: Detailed kinetic measurements demonstrate that stretching phosphotriesters accelerates dissociation of the unloaded phosphorus-oxygen bond orthogonal to the pulling axis, whereas stretching organosiloxanes inhibits dissociation of the aligned loaded silicon-oxygen bonds...
July 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729441/switch-independent-task-representations-in-frontal-and-parietal-cortex
#19
Lasse S Loose, David Wisniewski, Marco Rusconi, Thomas Goschke, John-Dylan Haynes
Alternating between two tasks is effortful and impairs performance. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have found increased activity in fronto-parietal cortex when task switching is required. One possibility is that the additional control demands for switch trials are met by strengthening task representations in the human brain. Alternatively, on switch trials the residual representation of the previous task might impede the buildup of a neural task representation. This would predict weaker task representations on switch trials, thus also explaining the performance costs...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
9791
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"