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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475051/highly-efficient-heterostructured-stannic-disulfide-stannic-anhydride-hybrids-synthesis-morphology-and-photocatalytic-reduction-of-chromium-vi-under-visible-light
#1
Meng Sun, Kelei Mu, Qingquan Wei, Zhe Yin, Wenyue Yan, Lu Sun, Yu Shao
Highly efficient heterostructured stannic disulfide/stannic anhydride (SnS2 /SnO2 ) hybrids with different morphologies were fabricated via a two-step hydrothermal method. The composition and morphology of the obtained products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The SEM images showed that core-shell structured SnS2 /SnO2 nanotubes and hierarchical SnS2 flowers decorated with SnO2 particles were fabricated under different synthetic conditions...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474486/assessing-changes-in-hiv-related-legal-and-policy-environments-lessons-learned-from-a-multi-country-evaluation
#2
Laura Ferguson, Alexandra Nicholson, Ian Henry, Amitrajit Saha, Tilly Sellers, Sofia Gruskin
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition in the health community that the legal environment-including laws, policies, and related procedures-impacts vulnerability to HIV and access to HIV-related services both positively and negatively. Assessing changes in the legal environment and how these affect HIV-related outcomes, however, is challenging, and understanding of appropriate methodologies nascent. METHODS: We conducted an evaluation of a UNDP project designed to strengthen legal environments to support the human rights of key populations, in particular LGBT populations, women and girls, affected by HIV in sub-Saharan Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474375/dominance-of-p-glycoprotein-12-in-phenotypic-resistance-conversion-against-ivermectin-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#3
Luiza Almeida Figueiredo, Thais Fuscaldi Rebouças, Sebastião Rodrigo Ferreira, Gabriela Flavia Rodrigues-Luiz, Rodrigo Cambraia Miranda, Ricardo Nascimento Araujo, Ricardo Toshio Fujiwara
While diseases caused by nematodes remains a considerable drawback for the livestock, agriculture and public health, anthelmintics drug resistance has been observed over the past years and is a major concern for parasite control. Ivermectin, initially considered as a highly potent drug, currently presents a reduced anti-helminthic efficacy, which is influenced by expression of several ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABC), among them the P-glycoproteins (Pgps). Here we present some evidences of Pgps dominance during Ivermectin resistance/susceptibility using Pgps double silencing in C...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474211/cdc-s-6-18-initiative-a-cross-sector-approach-to-translating-evidence-into-practice
#4
Laura C Seeff, Tricia McGinnis, Hilary Heishman
CONTEXT: As the US health care system continues to undergo dynamic change, the increased alignment between health care quality and payment has provided new opportunities for public health and health care sectors to work together. PROGRAM: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 6|18 Initiative accelerates cross-sector collaboration between public health and health care purchasers, payers, and providers and highlights 6 high-burden conditions and 18 associated interventions with evidence of cost reduction/neutrality and improved health outcomes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474192/characterization-of-chemical-constituents-of-human-sweat-a-study-based-on-indian-population
#5
Aafrinnaz Moulvi, Pooja Minz, Subrata Rath, Richa Ashma
There is a strong evidence in the literature that human odor is unique to an individual; therefore, the focus of this study was to strengthen this evidence through the testing of sweat samples on unrelated individuals with the same ethnicity. Sweat samples were collected from 42 unrelated Indian males and females residing in the same city to determine the chemical constituents in human sweat. The volatile compounds of sweat were subsequently analyzed and identified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and a National Institute of Standards and Technology library was used for individual profiling...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473894/health-and-taste-related-attitudes-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-a-representative-sample-of-polish-girls-and-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study-gebahealth-project
#6
Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Lidia Wadolowska, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Attitudes can be predictors of certain health-related behaviours. The attitudes of young females towards health and taste have not been yet fully examined and their associations with dietary behaviours remain unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate if attitudes are associated with dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish girls. The study population consisted of 1107 girls, aged 13-21 and living in Poland. Attitudes were assessed using the Health and Taste Attitudes Scale (HTAS) and categorised as negative, neutral or positive...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473488/breast-cancer-services-in-vietnam-a-scoping-review
#7
Chris Jenkins, Luu Ngoc Minh, Tran Tuan Anh, Tran Thu Ngan, Ngo Tri Tuan, Kim Bao Giang, Luu Ngoc Hoat, Lynne Lohfeld, Michael Donnelly, Hoang Van Minh, Liam Murray
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer incidence has been increasing consistently in Vietnam. Thus far, there have been no analytical reviews of research produced within this area. OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyse the nature andextent of empirical studies about breast cancer in Vietnam, identifying areas for future research and systemsstrengthening. METHODS: We undertook a scoping study using a five-stage framework to review published and grey literature in English and Vietnamese on breast cancer detection, diagnosis and treatment...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473406/plaidoyer-pour-un-renforcement-du-syst%C3%A3-me-de-pharmacovigilance-au-burkina-faso
#8
Lassané Kaboré, Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Issiaka Sombié, Moussa Ouédraogo, Souleymane Fofana, Abdramane Berthé, Rasmané Semdé, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
Large-scale deployment of new medicines has been observed over the last two decades in many Sub-Saharan Africa countries faced with major public health issues such as malaria and HIV/AIDS. However, some of these medicines may be responsible for varying degrees of toxicity, with adverse drug reactions leading to decreased compliance or even discontinuation of treatment. Pharmacovigilance systems therefore had to be set up in these countries, such as in Burkina Faso, West Africa, which initiated the organization of pharmacovigilance activities in 2008...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473395/-introduction-low-health-literacy-hl-is-an-obstacle-to-therapeutic-patient-education-tpe-especially-for-people-in-a-vulnerable-situation-who-are-also-at-greater-risk-of-chronic-illnesses-and-their-complications-it-therefore-seems-essential-to-rethink-tpe-programmes
#9
[Introduction: Low health literacy (HL) is an obstacle to therapeutic patient education (TPE), especially for people in a vulnerable situation, who are also at greater risk of chronic illnesses and their complications. It therefore seems essential to rethink TPE programmes in order to ensure greater equity based on analysis of the characteristics of HL interventions and their possible relationships with TPE.Methods: A scoping review of the literature was performed from November 2014 to January 2016 using the following search engines: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, OpenGrey, SUDOC, thèses.fr and BDSP and the following search terms: "health literacy", "Littératie en santé", "literacy", "Littératie", "numeracy", "numératie", "compétence en santé" combined with the keywords: "programme", "program", "intervention", "méthode", "method", "technique", "outil", "tool".Results: After selecting forty out of 206 studies, interventions were classified into two main types of specific interventions to promote comprehension of resources intended for patients and generally complex interventions designed to support and improve HL skills.Discussion: While the level of health literacy has an impact on TPE programme accessibility, TPE programmes need to be made more accessible and TPE must constitute an opportunity to address health literacy needs via its own specific modalities. Creating partnerships between social/educational and health settings might be an effective strategy to strengthen the interrelationships between HL and TPE, as might training that prepares caregivers-educators to improve patient HL.Conclusion].
Aurore Margat, Rémi Gagnayre, Pierre Lombrail, Vincent de Andrade, Sylvie Azogui-Levy
INTRODUCTION: Low health literacy (HL) is an obstacle to therapeutic patient education (TPE), especially for people in a vulnerable situation, who are also at greater risk of chronic illnesses and their complications. It therefore seems essential to rethink TPE programmes in order to ensure greater equity based on analysis of the characteristics of HL interventions and their possible relationships with TPE. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was performed from November 2014 to January 2016 using the following search engines: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, OpenGrey, SUDOC, thèses...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473369/-clinical-data-analysis-of-2491-acupuncture-inpatient-consultations-a-report-from-qilu-hospital-of-shandong-university
#10
Xiaobin Ge, Lei Zhang, Gonglei Yue, Xuewei Xiao, Zhenjie Yang, Bin Tang, Shumei Wu, Yan Li, Guangzhong Du
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the 2491 acupuncture inpatient consultations in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University during 2014, and analyze the application of acupuncture in comprehensive hospital, hoping to provide direction and methods for clinical practice and scientific research of acupuncture. METHODS: The consultation record and hospitalization information during 2014 in Department of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, were collected and summarized through Inpatient Information Management System...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473238/ehealth-readiness-of-dietitians
#11
K Maunder, K Walton, P Williams, M Ferguson, E Beck
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine the eHealth readiness and changes over time of dietitians in Australia. METHODS: Two cross-sectional analyses of Australian dietitians were conducted in 2013 and 2016, using a survey adapted from one conducted in 2011 by the US Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The survey encompassed 30 questions on eHealth readiness across five dimensions: access, standards, attitude, aptitude and advocacy. Descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, chi-squared tests and Z-tests were computed to compare responses from the 2013 and 2016 surveys...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473030/public-health-investment-in-team-care-increasing-access-to-clinical-preventive-services-in-los-angeles-county
#12
Tony Kuo, Noel C Barragan, Heather Readhead
As part of federal and local efforts to increase access to high quality, clinical preventive services (CPS) in underserved populations, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (DPH) partnered with six local health system and community organization partners to promote the use of team care for CPS delivery. Although these partners were at different stages of organizational capacity, post-program review suggests that each organization advanced team care in their clinical or community environments, potentially affecting >250,000 client visits per year...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472939/dominant-species-in-subtropical-forests-could-decrease-photosynthetic-n-allocation-to-carboxylation-and-bioenergetics-and-enhance-leaf-construction-costs-during-forest-succession
#13
Yihua Xiao, Shirong Liu, Fuchun Tong, Bufeng Chen, Yuanwen Kuang
It is important to understand how eco-physiological characteristics shift in forests when elucidating the mechanisms underlying species replacement and the process of succession and stabilization. In this study, the dominant species at three typical successional stages (early-, mid-, and late-succession) in the subtropical forests of China were selected. At each stage, we compared the leaf construction costs (CC), payback time (PBT), leaf area based N content ( N A ), maximum CO2 assimilation rate ( P max ), specific leaf area (SLA), photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency (PNUE), and leaf N allocated to carboxylation ( N C ), and to bioenergetics ( N B )...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472902/prevention-and-control-strategies-to-counter-zika-virus-a-special-focus-on-intervention-approaches-against-vector-mosquitoes-current-updates
#14
REVIEW
Raj K Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Ruchi Tiwari, Sandip Chakraborty, Yashpal S Malik, Rubén Bueno-Marí
Zika virus (ZIKV) is the most recent intruder that acquired the status of global threat creating panic and frightening situation to public owing to its rapid spread, attaining higher virulence and causing complex clinical manifestations including microcephaly in newborns and Guillain Barré Syndrome. Alike other flaviviruses, the principal mode of ZIKV transmission is by mosquitoes. Advances in research have provided reliable diagnostics for detecting ZIKV infection, while several drug/therapeutic targets and vaccine candidates have been identified recently...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471830/beyond-coverage-improving-the-quality-of-antenatal-care-delivery-through-integrated-mentorship-and-quality-improvement-at-health-centers-in-rural-rwanda
#15
Anatole Manzi, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Joseph Ntaganira, Hema Magge, Evariste Bigirimana, Leoncie Mukanzabikeshimana, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Inadequate antenatal care (ANC) can lead to missed diagnosis of danger signs or delayed referral to emergency obstetrical care, contributing to maternal mortality. In developing countries, ANC quality is often limited by skill and knowledge gaps of the health workforce. In 2011, the Mentorship, Enhanced Supervision for Healthcare and Quality Improvement (MESH-QI) program was implemented to strengthen providers' ANC performance at 21 rural health centers in Rwanda. We evaluated the effect of MESH-QI on the completeness of danger sign assessments...
February 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471452/protecting-the-community-through-child-vaccination
#16
Evan J Anderson, Michael A Daugherty, Larry K Pickering, Walter A Orenstein, Ram Yogev
The direct impact of vaccines upon children is well described, but the major public health impact of indirect protection provided to the community by vaccines is under-appreciated. Community protection occurs when vaccinated people block the chain of transmission, protecting undervaccinated or unvaccinated susceptible community members by preventing exposure and limiting the spread of the pathogen through the community. Substantial declines in disease incidence have occurred shortly after implementing new childhood vaccines, including declines among vaccine-ineligible children, adolescents, and adults...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471218/albumin-covered-lipid-nanocapsules-exhibit-enhanced-uptake-performance-by-breast-tumor-cells
#17
F Galisteo-González, J A Molina-Bolívar, S A Navarro, H Boulaiz, A Aguilera-Garrido, A Ramírez, J A Marchal
Liquid lipid nanocapsules (LLN) represent a promising new generation of drug-delivery systems. They can carry hydrophobic drugs in their oily core, but the composition and structure of the surrounding protective shell determine their capacity to survive in the circulatory system and to achieve their goal: penetrate tumor cells. Here, we present a study of LLN covered by the protein human serum albumin (HSA) and loaded with curcumin as a hydrophobic model drug. A cross-linking procedure was performed to further strengthen the protective protein layer...
February 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471207/locomotive-function-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people-in-liaoning-china-falls-efficacy-as-mediator-or-moderator
#18
Li-Jie Huang, You-Feng Wen, Yong-Chuang Liu, Li-Na Guo, Wen-Ting Du, Min-Min Qin, Jing-Jing Zhang, Kun Liu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the role of falls efficacy in the relationship between the locomotive function and quality of life. METHODS: From March to May in 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 830 community residents aged ≥60 years from Jinzhou,China.GLFS-25 (25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale), FES-I(International edition of Falls Efficacy Scale),and SF-12 (12-item Short Form Health Survey) were used to estimate locomotive function, falls efficacy and quality of life, respectively...
February 9, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471203/significance-of-an-in-situ-generated-boundary-film-on-tribocorrosion-behavior-of-polymer-metal-sliding-pair
#19
Yongkun Xu, Huimin Qi, Guitao Li, Xueping Guo, Yong Wan, Ga Zhang
Polymer composites have a high potential for applications as tribo-materials exposed to sea water owing to their self-lubrication characteristic and high chemical stability. In the present work, tribological behaviors of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) composites rubbing with stainless steel in sea water were explored using a pin-on-disc tribometer integrated with a potentiostat for electrochemical control. It was demonstrated that further adding 5 vol% hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanoparticles into PEEK reinforced with short carbon fibers (SCF) significantly enhanced the wear resistance...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471182/the-impact-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-in-childhood-on-adult-outcomes-an-exploration-of-mechanisms-timing-of-exposure-and-heterogeneous-effects
#20
Yubraj Acharya
There is now a critical threshold of evidence documenting the relationship between one's exposure to shocks in early life and outcomes in adulthood. Using Nepal's vitamin A supplementation program, this study provides additional insights on the mechanisms and differences in effects by the timing of the first exposure and across different groups. The program's sequential rollout between 1993 and 2001 and the age eligibility provide an exogenous variation in exposure to the program. I utilize that variation and data on more than 700,000 individuals from the 2011 census to estimate the program's causal effect on long-term health and educational outcomes...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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