keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MCA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432449/enteroparasitoses-and-toxocarosis-affecting-children-from-mar-del-plata-city-argentina
#1
Carla Lavallén, Beatriz Brignani, Karina Riesgo, Amalia Rojas, Gabriela Colace, Martín Biscaychipi, Estela Chicote, Cristian Giuntini, Mariela Kifer, María Eugenia Del Río, Guillermo Denegri, Marcela Dopchiz
This study evaluated the existence of enteroparasitoses and toxocarosis in children of peripheral (PC) and urban communities (UC) from Mar del Plata city (Argentina) and their associations with socio-environmental conditions. A Parasite Vulnerability Index (PVI) was elaborated using variables such as overcrowding, floor type, drinking water source, wastewater disposal, solid waste disposal, presence of animals and schooling level. The PC evidenced statistically significant higher frequencies of families with high (38...
April 21, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431637/transcranial-color-coded-sonography-of-vertebral-artery-for-diagnosis-of-right-to-left-shunts
#2
Teppei Komatsu, Yuka Terasawa, Ayumi Arai, Kenichi Sakuta, Hidetaka Mitsumura, Yasuyuki Iguchi
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether contrast transcranial color-coded sonography of vertebral artery monitoring via the foramen magnum window (cTCCS-VA) is useful to detect right-to-left shunt (RLS). We investigated whether cTCCS-VA can be proposed as an alternative to middle cerebral artery monitoring via the temporal bone window (cTCCS-MCA) for RLS detection, as compared with contrast transesophageal echocardiography (cTEE). METHODS: We evaluated 112 patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430966/decreased-thromboembolic-stroke-but-not-atherosclerosis-or-vascular-remodeling-in-mice-with-rock2-deficient-platelets
#3
Nikola Sladojevic, Goo Taeg Oh, Hyung-Hwan Kim, Lea M Beaulieu, Hervé Falet, Karol Kaminski, Jane E Freedman, James K Liao
Aims: Rho-associated coiled-coil containing kinase (ROCK)-2 is an important mediator of the actin cytoskeleton. Because changes in the actin cytoskeleton are critical for platelet function, we hypothesized that ROCK2 in platelets will play important role in thrombosis and can be potentially a target for therapeutic intervention in thromboembolic stroke. Methods and Results: We generated platelet-specific ROCK2-deficient mice (ROCK2 Plt-/- ) from conditional ROCK2 fl°x/fl°x and platelet factor (PF)-4-Cre transgenic mice...
April 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428881/nano-pulse-stimulation-is-a-physical-modality-that-can-trigger-immunogenic-tumor-cell-death
#4
Richard Nuccitelli, Amanda McDaniel, Snjezana Anand, John Cha, Zachary Mallon, Jon Casey Berridge, Darrin Uecker
BACKGROUND: We have been developing a non-thermal, drug-free tumor therapy called Nano-Pulse Stimulation (NPS) that delivers ultrashort electric pulses to tumor cells which eliminates the tumor and inhibits secondary tumor growth. We hypothesized that the mechanism for inhibiting secondary tumor growth involves stimulating an adaptive immune response via an immunogenic form of apoptosis, commonly known as immunogenic cell death (ICD). ICD is characterized by the emission of danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) that serve to recruit immune cells to the site of the tumor...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420596/the-behaviors-and-experiences-of-the-community-pharmacy-team-on-the-provision-of-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#5
Derek Stewart, Craig McDonald, Joan MacLeod, Katie MacLure, Gwen Gray, Trudi McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical Society has expressed concern that MCAs have 'become regarded as a panacea for medicines use'. OBJECTIVES: To determine the behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team around MCA provision. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 26 community pharmacies in the north east of Scotland...
April 9, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416407/relationship-between-hemorrhagic-complications-and-target-vessels-in-acute-thrombectomy
#6
Manabu Shirakawa, Shinichi Yoshimura, Kazutaka Uchida, Seigo Shindo, Kiyofumi Yamada, Junko Kuroda, Toshinori Takagi, Yoshihiro Takada, Reiichi Ishikura
PURPOSE: Intracranial hemorrhage after thrombectomy using a catheter to treat acute major cerebral artery occlusion is known to exacerbate patient outcomes. This study was performed to determine the relationship between middle cerebral artery (MCA) tortuosity and postoperative hemorrhage. METHODS: We examined 111 consecutive patients who underwent acute thrombectomy for major intracranial artery occlusion in the anterior circulation at our hospital between September 2013 and June 2016...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415168/an-update-on-endoscopic-management-of-post-liver-transplant-biliary-complications
#7
Hyun Woo Lee, Najmul Hassan Shah, Sung Koo Lee
Biliary complications are the most common post-liver transplant (LT) complications with an incidence of 15%-45%. Furthermore, such complications are reported more frequently in patients who undergo a living-donor LT (LDLT) compared to a deceased-donor LT (DDLT). Most post-LT biliary complications involve biliary strictures, bile leakage, and biliary stones, although many rarer events, such as hemobilia and foreign bodies, contribute to a long list of related conditions. Endoscopic treatment of post-LT biliary complications has evolved rapidly, with new and effective tools improving both outcomes and success rates; in fact, the latter now consistently reach up to 80%...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414666/just-a-puff-of-smoke
#8
A Leonard
CASE: A 44 year old woman with a history of stroke s/p aneurysm clipping, seizure, and substance abuse was brought to the hospital after a family member received a call from her friend saying she was acting unusual and may have had a seizure while hanging out on the street. At her baseline, she needed modest assistance in daily activities after her CVA and conversed without issue. Her mother died of a stroke. On exam the patient was afebrile, normotensive with mild tachycardia to 110...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412669/measurement-of-frontal-lobe-volume-and-thalamic-volume-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-at-different-gestational-weeks-using-three-dimensional-ultra-sonography-and-its-clinical-value
#9
Zhu Li-Fei, Liu Hong-Xiong, H E Ying
Our study aimed to investigate the measurement of frontal lobe volume and thalamic volume in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) at different gestational weeks using three dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography and its clinical value. Then, 238 pregnant women who received obstetric ultrasonography in ultrasound department of Internal Medicine of our hospital were enrolled between March 2013 to April 2014. In this study, 85 fetuses were diagnosed to develop CHD by prenatal fetal echocardiography, and the other 153 fetuses were normal...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411965/dynamic-cerebral-autoregulation-assessment-using-extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-doppler-ultrasonography
#10
Nai-Fang Chi, Hsiao-Lun Ku, Chen-Yen Wang, Yanhui Liu, Lung Chan, Ying-Chin Lin, Chung-Kang Peng, Vera Novak, Han-Hwa Hu, Chaur-Jong Hu
Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is frequently used to assess dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA); however, this is difficult in patients with poor temporal bone windows. In the study described here, we investigated the agreement and sensitivity of dCA indices determined from the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and those determined from the MCA. Measurements for 32 stroke patients and 59 controls were analyzed. Measurement of the mean flow correlation index (Mx) and transfer function analysis based on spontaneous blood pressure fluctuation were simultaneously performed for the extracranial ICA and MCA...
April 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411625/rapid-imaging-and-detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-a-wide-field-fluorescence-imaging-system
#11
Tomoko Yoshino, Kaori Takai, Ryo Negishi, Tatsuya Saeki, Hisashige Kanbara, Yoshihito Kikuhara, Tadashi Matsunaga, Tsuyoshi Tanaka
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) provide potentially accessible in vivo sources of metastatic cancer cells. As such, considerable focus has been placed on analyzing the genetics of single-CTCs. Prior to these analyses, however, CTCs must first be detected within the blood samples of cancer patients. Current methods for detection of CTCs by fluorescence microscopy require the analysis of hundreds of images per blood sample, making this a time-consuming process that creates a bottleneck in CTC analysis. In this study, we therefore developed a wide-field fluorescence imaging system for rapid CTC detection...
May 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409735/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-angiography-as-a-potential-predictor-for-cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#12
Lukas Andereggen, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Marwan El-Koussy, Rajeev K Verma, Kenya Yuki, Daniel Schoeni, Kety Hsieh, Jan Gralla, Gerhard Schroth, Juergen Beck, Andreas Raabe, Marcel Arnold, Michael Reinert, Robert H Andres
OBJECTIVE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a rare but devastating complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). This study sought to determine whether quantitative hemodynamic assessment using MR angiography can stratify CHS risk. METHODS In this prospective trial, patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis were randomly selected for pre- and postoperative quantitative phase-contrast MR angiography (QMRA). Assessment was standardized according to a protocol and included Doppler/duplex sonography, MRI, and/or CT angiography and QMRA of the intra- and extracranial supplying arteries of the brain...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409729/neuropsychological-function-after-endovascular-and-neurosurgical-treatment-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Peter Egeto, R Loch Macdonald, Tisha J Ornstein, Tom A Schweizer
OBJECTIVE Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is treated with either surgical clipping or endovascular coiling, though the latter is the preferred treatment method given its more favorable functional outcomes. However, neuropsychological functioning after treatment is rarely taken into account. In this meta-analysis, the authors synthesized relevant data from the literature and compared neuropsychological functioning in patients after coiling and clipping of SAH. They hypothesized that the coiled patients would outperform the clipped patients; that group differences would be greater with higher posterior circulation rupture rates, in older patients, and in more recent publications; that group differences would be smaller with greater rates of middle cerebral artery (MCA) rupture; and that anterior communicating artery (ACoA) rupture rates would not influence effect sizes...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409728/intracranial-pressure-in-patients-undergoing-decompressive-craniectomy-new-perspective-on-thresholds
#14
Thomas Sauvigny, Jennifer Göttsche, Patrick Czorlich, Eik Vettorazzi, Manfred Westphal, Jan Regelsberger
OBJECTIVE Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is an established part of treatment in patients suffering from malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, no clear evidence for intracranial pressure (ICP)-guided therapy after DC exists. The lack of this evidence might be due to the frequently used, but simplified threshold for ICP of 20 mm Hg, which determines further therapy. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate this threshold's accuracy and to investigate the course of ICP values with respect to neurological outcome...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409154/suspected-fetal-growth-restriction-at-37-weeks-a-comparison-of-doppler-and-placental-pathology
#15
William M Curtin, Karmaine A Millington, Tochi O Ibekwe, Serdar H Ural
Objective. Our objective was determining if abnormal Doppler evaluation had a higher prevalence of placental pathology compared to normal Doppler in suspected fetal growth restriction (FGR) of cases delivered at 37 weeks. Study Design. This retrospective cohort study of suspected FGR singletons with antenatal Doppler evaluation delivered at 37 weeks had a primary outcome of the prevalence of placental pathology related to FGR. Significance was defined as p ≤ 0.05. Results. Of 100 pregnancies 46 and 54 were in the abnormal and normal Doppler cohorts, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409051/revisiting-hemicraniectomy-late-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-stroke-and-the-role-of-infarct-growth-rate
#16
Saadat Kamran, Naveed Akhtar, Abdul Salam, Ayman Alboudi, Kainat Kamran, Arsalan Ahmed, Rabia A Khan, Mohsin K Mirza, Jihad Inshasi, Ashfaq Shuaib
Objective and Methods. The outcome in late decompressive hemicraniectomy in malignant middle cerebral artery stroke and the optimal timings of surgery has not been addressed by the randomized trials and pooled analysis. Retrospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study to measure outcome following DHC under 48 or over 48 hours using the modified Rankin scale [mRS] and dichotomized as favorable ≤4 or unfavorable >4 at three months. Results. In total, 137 patients underwent DHC. Functional outcome analyzed as mRS 0-4 versus mRS 5-6 showed no difference in this split between early and late operated on patients [P = 0...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407190/selection-of-morphoagronomic-descriptors-for-the-characterization-of-accessions-of-cassava-of-the-eastern-brazilian-amazon
#17
R S Silva, E F Moura, J T Farias-Neto, C A S Ledo, J E Sampaio
The aim of this study was to select morphoagronomic descriptors to characterize cassava accessions representative of Eastern Brazilian Amazonia. It was characterized 262 accessions using 21 qualitative descriptors. The multiple-correspondence analysis (MCA) technique was applied using the criteria: contribution of the descriptor in the last factorial axis of analysis in successive cycles (SMCA); reverse order of the descriptor's contribution in the last factorial axis of analysis with all descriptors ('O'´p') of Jolliffe's method; mean of the contribution orders of the descriptor in the first three factorial axes in the analysis with all descriptors ('Os') together with ('O'´p'); and order of contribution of weighted mean in the first three factorial axes in the analysis of all descriptors ('Oz')...
April 13, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403927/relevance-of-routine-doppler-sampling-at-the-two-umbilical-arteries-in-the-follow-up-of-dichorionic-twin-pregnancies-with-intrauterine-growth-restricted-fetuses
#18
A J Vivanti, E Lecarpentier, A-G Cordier, F Proulx, V Tsatsaris, A Benachi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess if the presence of bilateral absent or reverse end-diastolic velocity (AREDV) indicates a poorer prognosis than unilateral AREDV in dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction. METHODS: A prospective observational study of 36 dichorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction. One hundred and fifty seven ultrasound (US) examinations were performed...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397408/effect-of-oxygen-affinity-of-liposome-encapsulated-hemoglobin-on-cerebral-ischemia-and-reperfusion-as-detected-by-positron-emission-tomography-in-nonhuman-primates
#19
Akira T Kawaguchi, Mariko Yamano, Munetaka Haida, Hiroyuki Ohba, Takeharu Kakiuchi, Hideo Tsukada
We tested a hypothesis that liposome-encapsulated hemoglobin (LEH) with high oxygen (O2 ) affinity (h-LEH, P50 O2  = 10 mm Hg) may work better than LEH with low O2 affinity (l-LEH, P50 O2  = 40 mm Hg) in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury using positron emission tomography (PET) in primates undergoing middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and reperfusion. Cerebral blood flow (CBF), O2 extract fraction (OEF), and cerebral metabolic rate of O2 (CMRO2 ) were successively determined by PET before ischemia, at 2 h of ischemia, immediately after reperfusion, and 3 h after reperfusion...
April 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397369/incidental-primary-mediastinal-choriocarcinoma-diagnosed-by-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-a-patient-presenting-with-transient-ischemic-attack-and-stroke
#20
Ivo M B Francischetti, Antonio Cajigas, Mark Suhrland, Joaquim M Farinhas, Samer Khader
We describe a case of a 41-year old male patient with no significant prior medical history who presents with symptoms of Transient Ischemic Attack and stroke. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain identified areas of ischemia in the left side, and angiography showed occlusion of the left Medial Cerebral Artery (MCA). Cardiac Transthoracic Echocardiogram (TTE) for stroke evaluation incidentally noted a mediastinal abnormality leading to cancer work-up. Computer Tomography (CT) and (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET-CT scan of the chest incidentally revealed an avid 6 cm paraesophagial/subcarinal mass...
April 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
keyword
keyword
97907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"