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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720918/perceived-motivating-factors-and-barriers-for-the-completion-of-postgraduate-training-among-american-pharmacy-students-prior-to-beginning-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#1
Drayton A Hammond, Douglas R Oyler, John W Devlin, Jacob T Painter, Scott Bolesta, Joseph M Swanson, Brett J Bailey, Trisha Branan, Jeffrey F Barletta, Brianne Dunn, Jason S Haney, Paul Juang, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Tyree H Kiser, Hira Shafeeq, Debra Skaar, Pamela Smithburger, Jodi Taylor
Objective. To examine perceived motivating factors and barriers (MFB) to postgraduate training (PGT) pursuit among pharmacy students. Methods. Third-year pharmacy students at 13 schools of pharmacy provided demographics and their plan and perceived MFBs for pursuing PGT. Responses were characterized using descriptive statistics. Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-proportions rank tests determined if differences in perceived MFBs existed between students based on plan to pursue PGT. Results. Among 1218 (69.5%) respondents, 37...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720917/exploring-electronic-communication-modes-between-iraqi-faculty-and-students-of-pharmacy-schools-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#2
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, Oday S Alsawad, Omer Q B Allela, Ryan Carnahan, Hiwa Saaed, Alaadin Naqishbandi, Dheyaa J Kadhim, Bernard Sorofman
Objective. To explore for the first time the extent to which Iraqi pharmacy students and faculty use Facebook and university email for academic communications, and to examine factors influencing utilization within the framework of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Methods. An electronic survey was administered to convenience samples of students and faculty of six Iraqi public schools and colleges of pharmacy in 2015. Results. Responses included 489 student and 128 faculty usable surveys. Both students and faculty use Facebook more than university email for academic communications...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720914/examining-the-association-between-the-naplex-pre-naplex-and-pre-and-post-admission-factors
#3
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Debbie C Byrd, Sharon L K McDonough, Stephanie J Phelps
Objective. To examine the relationship between the NAPLEX and Pre-NAPLEX among pharmacy graduates, as well as determine effects of pre-pharmacy, pharmacy school, and demographic variables on NAPLEX performance. Methods. A retrospective review of pharmacy graduates' NAPLEX scores, Pre-NAPLEX scores, demographics, pre-pharmacy academic performance factors, and pharmacy school academic performance factors was performed. Bivariate (eg, ANOVA, independent samples t-test) and correlational analyses were conducted, as was stepwise linear regression to examine the significance of Pre-NAPLEX score and other factors as related to NAPLEX score...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720910/understanding-business-models-in-pharmacy-schools
#4
David A Holdford
The objectives of this article are to define business models, contrast the business models in pharmacy schools, and discuss issues that can arise from misunderstandings about whom pharmacy schools serve and how they do so.
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697734/factors-associated-with-medication-amounts-considered-excessive-among-university-students-a-questionnaire-survey-of-pharmacy-students-and-those-in-non-medical-schools
#5
Megumi Saito, Noriko Ando-Tanabe, Etsuko Arita
BACKGROUND: Better insight and knowledge on factors associated with perception of medication numbers and amounts would contribute greatly to our current understanding of patient psychological response regarding taking medications, and would allow us to improve drug administration support and adherence. This study explored associations between attitudes toward medication dosage in a questionnaire survey that examined demographic characteristics, the number of tablets and types of prescription medications considered excessive by participants, current medication and supplement use, personal experiences with medications, and perceptions surrounding medications...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692926/phototoxic-assessment-of-a-sunscreen-formulation-and-its-excipients-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#6
Bryan Hudson Hossy, Alvaro Augusto da Costa Leitão, Elisabete Pereira Dos Santos, Monique Matsuda, Laura Barros Rezende, Janine Simas Cardoso Rurr, Alicia Viviana Pinto, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva, Marcelo de Pádula, Nádia Campos de Oliveira Miguel
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic preservatives are used to protect cosmetic formulations and improve its shelf-life. However, these substances may exert phototoxic effects when used under sunlight. OBJECTIVE: To assess safety, efficacy and putative phototoxic effects of a sunscreen formulation SPF 30 and its excipients. MATERIALS/METHODS: Irradiation was performed with solar simulated light (SSL) and the sunscreen from the School of Pharmacy/UFRJ/Brazil...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678903/factors-associated-with-reinfection-of-syphilis-in-reference-centers-for-sexually-transmitted-infections
#7
Valéria Correa de Almeida, Maria Rita Donalisio, Ricardo Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: We aim to analyze trend of syphilis and factors associated with recurrent episodes of syphilis among adults and adolescents attended in a STI/AIDS reference centers in Campinas, state of São Paulo, 2004 to 2012. METHODS: Medical records, pharmacy data, and notification database were accessed to analyze trends of syphilis and sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical variables associated with reinfection of syphilis. After univariate analysis, a hierarchical logistic regression model was adjusted to analyze variables associated with more than one episode of syphilis (dependent variable)...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#8
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650251/managed-care-peer-led-teaching-an-innovative-learning-approach-outside-the-college-of-pharmacy-core-curriculum
#9
SyHui Tang, Julia Smith, Wilson Lau, Isaac Tse, Christine Tan, Ryan Cotten, Amy Pittenger
BACKGROUND: Managed care pharmacy is a growing field, but there are still limited educational opportunities available in pharmacy school core curricula. Students often seek self-directed learning opportunities to further explore the field. OBJECTIVES: To (a) evaluate practicality and effectiveness of a student-designed managed care pharmacy elective and (b) determine emerging best practices for design and sustainability of peer-led, self-directed courses. METHODS: A managed care elective course was designed as a student, peer-led course during the 2012-2013 school year at the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#10
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638300/characteristics-of-pediatric-clinical-interventions-documented-by-a-school-of-pharmacy
#11
Lea S Eiland
OBJECTIVES: Documentation of interventions by pharmacists has become a standard of practice in clinical practice sites. Pharmacists' interventions in pediatric practice settings for short periods of time have been reported in the literature. A single study has described faculty and student interventions in the pediatric setting. The objective of this study was to characterize 4 years of interventions by faculty and students of a school of pharmacy that occurred at various pediatric practice sites throughout a state...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634019/economic-evaluation-of-epinephrine-auto-injectors-for-peanut-allergy
#12
Marcus Shaker, Katherine Bean, Marylee Verdi
BACKGROUND: Three commercial epinephrine auto-injectors were available in the United States in the summer of 2016: EpiPen, Adrenaclick, and epinephrine injection, USP auto-injector. OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in pharmacy costs among epinephrine auto-injector devices in New England and evaluate the additional expense associated with incremental auto-injector costs. METHODS: Decision analysis software was used to evaluate costs of the most and least expensive epinephrine auto-injector devices for children with peanut allergy...
June 17, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633168/integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-family-medicine-residency-programs
#13
Jody L Lounsbery, Jennie B Jarrett, Lori M Dickerson, Stephen A Wilson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical pharmacists are valued educators and practitioners within family medicine residency programs (FMRPs). Since the last survey of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs, there have been significant advancements to pharmacy education and training as well as growth of interprofessional education and collaborative practice within family medicine. The objective of this study is to describe the integration of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs. METHODS: All 480 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved FMRPs were contacted to identify clinical pharmacists involved with their programs...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630518/a-call-for-an-integrated-program-of-assessment
#14
REVIEW
David W Fielding, Glenn Regehr
An integrated curriculum that does not incorporate equally integrated assessment strategies is likely to prove ineffective in achieving the desired educational outcomes. We suggest it is time for colleges and schools of pharmacy to re-engineer their approach to assessment. To build the case, we first discuss the challenges leading to the need for curricular developments in pharmacy education. We then turn to the literature that informs how assessment can influence learning, introduce an approach to learning assessment that is being used by several medical education programs, and provide some examples of this approach in operation...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630516/assessment-of-burnout-and-associated-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-practice-faculty-in-the-united-states
#15
Shareen Y El-Ibiary, Lily Yam, Kelly C Lee
Objectives. To measure the level of burnout among pharmacy practice faculty members at US colleges and schools of pharmacy and to identify factors associated with burnout. Methods. Using a cross-sectional, electronic, anonymous survey-design, we measured faculty burnout (n=2318) at US colleges and schools of pharmacy using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES), which measures burnout dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. We assessed MBI-ES scores, demographics and possible predictors of burnout...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630514/editors-perspectives-on-enhancing-manuscript-quality-and-editorial-decisions-through-peer-review-and-reviewer-development
#16
Kristin K Janke, Andrew S Bzowyckyj, Andrew P Traynor
Objectives. To identify peer reviewer and peer review characteristics that enhance manuscript quality and editorial decisions, and to identify valuable elements of peer reviewer training programs. Methods. A three-school, 15-year review of pharmacy practice and pharmacy administration faculty's publications was conducted to identify high-publication volume journals for inclusion. Editors-in-chief identified all editors managing manuscripts for participation. A three-round modified Delphi process was used. Rounds advanced from open-ended questions regarding actions and attributes of good reviewers to consensus-seeking and clarifying questions related to quality, importance, value, and priority...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630513/career-progression-of-the-pharmacy-mba-professional-characterization-and-perceptions-of-the-combined-degree
#17
Christopher J Daly, Sarah-Elizabeth L Tierney, Erin O'Brien, Karl D Fiebelkorn, David M Jacobs
Objectives. To characterize pharmacy/MBA professionals during their entry-level and current positions and to describe their attitudes and perceptions toward their combined degree. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of University at Buffalo (UB) alumni who obtained both pharmacy and MBA degrees was used. An electronic survey was developed through collaboration with the UB School of Management and administered in winter 2015. Results. A total of 68/115 (59% response rate) pharmacy/MBA professionals responded to the survey...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630512/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-dual-pharmd-mba-degree-program-students
#18
David M Jacobs, Christopher J Daly, Sarah-Elizabeth L Tierney, Erin O'Brien, Karl D Fiebelkorn
Objectives. To understand pharmacy students' reasons for pursuing a dual PharmD/MBA degree and their perceptions of the impact a dual degree will have on their careers. Methods. This was a cross-sectional survey of registered students in the University at Buffalo PharmD/MBA program. An electronic survey was developed through collaboration with the UB School of Management and administered in January 2015. Results. A total of 23/24 (96% response rate) students who were enrolled in the PharmD/MBA curriculum responded to the survey...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630510/current-practices-of-awarding-graduation-honors-within-doctor-of-pharmacy-degree-programs
#19
Paul A DiPietro, Stacy L Longo, Beth E Welch, Daniel R Kennedy, Eric C Nemec
Objective. To survey the practices of awarding honors upon graduation with a doctor of pharmacy degree. Methods. College and school of pharmacy websites were systematically searched to identify if, and then how, graduation honors are awarded. Programs that offer graduation honors were categorized and quantified based upon grade point average (GPA) cutoffs, honors enrollment, research project completion, faculty vote, course failure considerations, and ethics code violations. Results. Of the 132 doctor of pharmacy programs reviewed, 86% (n=114) had accessible online resources and were included in data analysis...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608718/apocalypse-now
#20
Michael T Rupp
Despite the wishful thinking of those who have long prophesied an imminent surge in demand for clinical pharmacists, the tipping point for healthy supply-demand balance in pharmacy has almost certainly been surpassed. Imprudent overbuilding of pharmacy programs has combined with trends toward increasing automation and consolidation in pharmacy practice to create an existential threat in pharmacy education. Surviving the looming industry shakeout will require schools and colleges of pharmacy to do what our colleagues in practice and the private sector have always done: compete...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
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