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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074749/students-use-stamp-out-program-to-advance-seniors-knowledge-of-drug-misuse
#1
Gabrielle Cozzi, Elisa Torres, Robert G Wahler
: This program assessed the impact of student presentations on 30 seniors and sought to improve their knowledge of prescription drug misuse and abuse. The six pharmacy students used the ASCP Foundation's "STAMP Out Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse Tool Kit." Information presented to senior audiences included descriptions of drug misuse and abuse and preventive measures to uphold medication safety. Students assessed seniors' prior knowledge about the topics through audience participation...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#2
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057946/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-sildenafil-induced-erythema-multiforme-acute-liver-injury-due-to-febuxostat-intravenous-acetaminophen-induced-acute-hepatotoxicity-acute-transient-myopia-induced-by-zanamivir-lidocaine-induced-hoigne-syndrome
#3
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056998/factors-associated-with-occupancy-of-pharmacist-positions-in-public-sector-hospitals-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Thomas Ocwa Obua, Richard Odoi Adome, Paul Kutyabami, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Pakoyo Fadhiru Kamba
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are invaluable resources in health care. Their expertise in pharmacotherapy and medicine management both ensures that medicines of appropriate quality are available in health facilities at the right cost and are used appropriately. Unfortunately, some countries like Uganda have shortage of pharmacists in public health facilities, the dominant providers of care. This study investigated the factors that affect the occupancy of pharmacist positions in Uganda's public hospitals, including hiring patterns and job attraction and retention...
January 5, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049466/cost-benefit-analysis-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-the-perspective-of-nigerian-community-pharmacists
#5
Ifeoma Jovita Ezennia, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Obinna Ikechukwu Ekwunife
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization issued a guideline that calls for a shift from presumptive to test-based treatment. However, test-based treatment is still unpopular in community pharmacies. This could be due to unwillingness of customers to spend extra finance on rapid diagnostic test (RDT). It could also result from lack of interest from community pharmacists since they may perceive no financial gain attached to this service. This study assessed the cost-benefit of test-based malaria treatment to community pharmacists...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#6
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932781/influenza-vaccination-coverage-during-pregnancy-selected-sites-united-states-2005-06-through-2013-14-influenza-vaccine-seasons
#7
Stephen Kerr, Carla M Van Bennekom, Allen A Mitchell
Seasonal influenza vaccine is recommended for all pregnant women because of their increased risk for influenza-associated complications. In addition, receipt of influenza vaccine by women during pregnancy has been shown to protect their infants for several months after birth (1). As part of its case-control surveillance study of medications and birth defects, the Birth Defects Study of the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University has recorded data on vaccinations received during pregnancy since the 2005-06 influenza vaccination season...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928184/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-chronic-marijuana-use-associated-with-recurrent-diabetic-ketoacidosis-lamotrigine-induced-cataplexy-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-hyponatremia-ziprasidone-induced-sleepwalking-and-sleep-related-eating-metabolic-acidosis-associated
#8
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
November 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927795/recommendations-for-evaluating-practice-related-activities-of-pharmacy-faculty-a-delphi-consensus
#9
Stuart T Haines, Seena L Haines, Eric J MacLaughlin, Jenny A Van Amburgh
OBJECTIVE: To develop definitions of who pharmacy practice faculty and partners are, identify indicators to measure practice-related activities, and provide guidance for evaluating pharmacy practice faculty. METHODS: A 4-round, online Delphi was conducted. Panelists with experience evaluating pharmacy practice faculty were invited. Consensus was achieved when there was agreement by at least 70% of panelists. Round 1: Panelists were asked to identify the essential distinguishing characteristics of pharmacy practice faculty and practice partners as well as metrics that could be used to measure practice productivity and quality...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919380/pharmacy-customers-experiences-with-the-national-online-service-for-viewing-electronic-prescriptions-in-finland
#10
Elina Lämsä, Johanna Timonen, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Riitta Ahonen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (1) Finnish pharmacy customers' familiarity with My Kanta, the national online service for viewing electronic prescriptions (ePrescriptions), (2) how commonly My Kanta is used, (3) who the typical users are, and (4) users' experiences of the usability of My Kanta. METHOD: A survey was conducted among pharmacy customers (aged ≥18) purchasing medicines for themselves. Questionnaires (N=2915) were distributed from 18 community pharmacies across Finland in autumn 2015...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905017/an-evaluation-of-preparedness-delivery-and-impact-of-surgical-and-anesthesia-care-in-madagascar-a-framework-for-a-national-surgical-plan
#11
Emily Bruno, Michelle C White, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina Agnès Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina Narindria Rakotoarison, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Kristin L Close, Alison Herbert, Nakul Raykar, Saurabh Saluja, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) described the lack of access to safe, affordable, timely surgical, and anesthesia care. It proposed a series of 6 indicators to measure surgery, accompanied by time-bound targets and a template for national surgical planning. To date, no sub-Saharan African country has completed and published a nationwide evaluation of its surgical system within this framework. METHOD: Mercy Ships, in partnership with Harvard Medical School and the Madagascar Ministry of Health, collected data on the 6 indicators from 22 referral hospitals in 16 out of 22 regions of Madagascar...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904099/effects-of-reinforcement-method-of-dissection-physiology-education-on-the-achievement-in-pharmacology
#12
Tomoya Kitayama, Satomi Kagota, Noriko Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki Kawai, Kanae Nishimura, Takeshi Miura, Naomi Yasui, Kazumasa Shinozuka, Toshikatsu Nakabayashi
 The Pharmaceutical Education Support Center was established in the Department of Pharmacy at the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science of Mukogawa Women's University in 2014. We started teaching first and second years students according to proficiency from the 2014 academic year. Students were divided into two classes: the regular class (high proficiency class) and the basic class (low proficiency class), based on achievement in several basic subjects related to the study of pharmacy. The staffs in the Pharmaceutical Education Support Center reinforce what is taught to students in the basic class...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899831/evidence-of-criterion-validity-for-one-pharmacy-school-s-progress-examination-program
#13
Greg L Alston, Wes R Haltom
Objective. To provide evidence that the progress examination program accurately assesses student failure to demonstrate competence. Methods. A progress examination program aligned with each grade level was locally developed and administered annually to 289 PharmD students in the spring of their first year - fourth year. Correlations and linear regressions were performed to compare the examination scores to performance on national licensing examinations and cumulative didactic grade point average (GPA). Odds ratio analysis was run to determine the ability of the passing scores of the progress examination to identify students at increased risk of failing to graduate on time, earn a GPA below 3...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899829/motivations-and-predictors-of-cheating-in-pharmacy-school
#14
Eric J Ip, Kathy Nguyen, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Monica K Bidwal
Objective. To assess the prevalence, methods, and motivations for didactic cheating among pharmacy students and to determine predictive factors for cheating in pharmacy colleges and schools. Methods. A 45-item cross-sectional survey was conducted at all four doctor of pharmacy programs in Northern California. For data analysis, t test, Fisher exact test, and logistic regression were used. Results. Overall, 11.8% of students admitted to cheating in pharmacy school. Primary motivations for cheating included fear of failure, procrastination, and stress...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#15
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#16
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882650/a-qualitative-assessment-of-west-virginia-pharmacist-activities-and-attitude-in-diabetes-management
#17
Aymen Shatnawi, David A Latif
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The role of pharmacists in chronic disease state management has been shown to significantly improve patient health outcomes and reduce overall health care costs. The current study is designed to assess the roles and attitudes of West Virginia (WV) pharmacists toward diabetes, evaluate services provided, address pharmacist clinical understanding and training, and demonstrate the challenges that limit pharmacists ability to deliver an efficient disease state management...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864206/educational-strategies-to-enable-expansion-of-pharmacogenomics-based-care
#18
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Christina L Aquilante, Samuel Johnson, David F Kisor, Philip E Empey
PURPOSE: The current state of pharmacogenomics education for pharmacy students and practitioners is discussed, and resources and strategies to address persistent challenges in this area are reviewed. SUMMARY: Consensus-based pharmacist competencies and guidelines have been published to guide pharmacogenomics knowledge attainment and application in clinical practice. Pharmacogenomics education is integrated into various pharmacy school courses and, increasingly, into Pharm...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#19
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861676/-obtaining-drugs-for-hypertension-and-diabetes-through-the-brazilian-people-s-pharmacy-program-results-of-the-national-health-survey-2013
#20
Karen Sarmento Costa, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Marco Aurélio Pereira, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Jarbas Barbosa da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe the proportion of hypertensive and diabetic patients who reported getting medicines to control these diseases via the Brazilian People's Pharmacy Program, according to sociodemographic factors. METHODS: this was a population-based descriptive study using 2013 National Health Survey data on individuals aged over 18 years. RESULTS: around one third of hypertensive individuals (35.9%; 95%CI 34.1-37.7) and more than half of those with diabetes (57...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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