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Pharmacy school

Meg M Little, Sara Eischens, Mary Jo Martin, Susan Nokleby, Laura C Palombi, Cynthia Van Kirk, Jayme van Risseghem, Ya-Feng Wen, Jennifer Koziol Wozniak, Erika Yoney, Randall Seifert
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist participation in school medication management (MM) is minimal. School nurses are responsible for increasingly complex medication administration and management in schools. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to 1) assess the MM needs of school nurses in Minnesota, and 2) determine if and how interprofessional partnerships between nurses and pharmacists might optimize MM for students. METHODS: Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, School Nurse Organization of Minnesota, and Minnesota Department of Health conducted a 32-item online survey of school nurses...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Roland N Dickerson, G Christopher Wood, Joseph M Swanson, Rex O Brown
Staying current with the literature is of paramount importance to the pharmacist engaged in an evidence-based clinical practice. Given the expanding roles and responsibilities of today's pharmacists combined with exponential growth in new medical and health sciences literature, staying current has become an extremely daunting task. Traditional journal clubs have focused upon their role as a training vehicle for teaching critical reading skills to residents. However, schools of pharmacy are now required to provide instruction in biostatistics, research design, and interpretation...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
T Joseph Mattingly, Timothy R Ulbrich
Objective. To compare new practitioners in 2009 and 2014 by modeling net income from available salary, expenditure, and student loan data. Methods. A Monte Carlo simulation with probabilistic sensitivity analysis was conducted to model net income for graduating pharmacists in 2009 and 2014. Mean and standard deviations were recorded for each model parameter. Student t-tests were used to compare the mean differences between 2009 and 2014 cohorts. Results. Pharmacist salary and disposable income were higher on average in 2014 compared with 2009...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Antonio A Bush, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Carla White
Objective. To review and categorize published educational research concerning diversity within colleges and schools of pharmacy. Methods. The Three Models of Organizational Diversity Capabilities in Higher Education framework was used to guide the review efforts. Of the 593 documents retrieved, 11 met the inclusion criteria for review. Each included article was individually reviewed and coded according to the framework. Results. The reviewed articles were primarily influenced by contemporary drivers of change (eg, shifting demographics in the United States), focused on enhancing the compositional diversity of colleges and schools of pharmacy, examined the experiences of underrepresented groups, and suggested process improvement recommendations...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mitra Assemi, Jessica Yu, Sum Liu, Robin L Corelli, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
Objective. To characterize educational attainment and experiences of current US pharmacy school deans and chairs. Methods. A cross-sectional study using a publicly available listing of accredited schools and information. Results. Among 134 deans and 301 chairs, 79.9% and 65.5% held a professional degree (BSPharm and/or PharmD), 33.6% and 26.2% completed PGY-1 residencies, 12.7% and 15.6% completed post-PharmD fellowships, 23.1% and 33.9% completed post-doctoral fellowships, and 13.4% and 18.3% held BPS certification, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Melanie C Jaeger, Jennifer Williams
Objective. To assess graduating pharmacy students' attitudes toward debt and determine associations with stress, student loan debt, financial need, current employment, post-graduation plans, and expected length of time to repay loans. Methods. Survey was conducted using an attitudes-toward-debt scale (sub-scales: tolerant attitudes toward debt; contemplation and knowledge about loans; fear of debt), Perceived Stress Scale, and questions concerning current employment, estimated total student loan debt, post-graduation plans, and expected length of time to repay loans...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Lisa Lebovitz, Veronica P Shuford, Margarita V DiVall, Kimberly K Daugherty, Michael J Rudolph
Objective. To examine the extent of financial and faculty resources dedicated to preparing students for NAPLEX and PCOA examinations, and how these investments compare with NAPLEX pass rates. Methods. A 23-item survey was administered to assessment professionals in U.S. colleges and schools of pharmacy (C/SOPs). Institutions were compared by type, age, and student cohort size. Institutional differences were explored according to the costs and types of NAPLEX and PCOA preparation provided, if any, and mean NAPLEX pass rates...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Julie A Denison, Catherine Packer, Randy M Stalter, Harry Banda, Sarah Mercer, Namakau Nyambe, Patrick Katayamoyo, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher
Little is known about adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the world's HIV-positive adolescents reside. We assessed individual, household, and HIV self-management characteristics associated with a 48-hour treatment gap in the preceding 3 months, and a pharmacy medication possession ratio (MPR) that assessed the number of ART pills dispensed divided by the number of ART pills required in the past 6 months, among 285 Zambians, ages 15-19 years...
November 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Leonardo Ferreira Fontenelle, Maria Beatriz Junqueira de Camargo, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Helen Gonçalves, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel, Aluísio J D Barros
This study was designed to assess the reasons for health insurance coverage in a population covered by the Family Health Strategy in Brazil. We describe overall health insurance coverage and according to types, and analyze its association with health-related and socio-demographic characteristics. Among the 31.3% of persons (95%CI: 23.8-39.9) who reported "health insurance" coverage, 57.0% (95%CI: 45.2-68.0) were covered only by discount cards, which do not offer any kind of coverage for medical care, but only discounts in pharmacies, clinics, and hospitals...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Morag C E McFadyen, Lesley Diack
On embarking upon such a multifactorial, professional degree as Pharmacy, students often find it difficult to meld the scientific- and practice-based components of the course. In final year of the undergraduate Masters of Pharmacy degree (MPharm) within the School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences at Robert Gordon University (RGU), students undertake a research project within a specific area. The aims of this study were to explore the effectiveness of a novel practice based approach to a biomedical science project, to identify elements of difficulty in the process, and to explore students' perceptions and reflections...
October 22, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Shannon Myers Virtue, Melissa E Rotz, Matthew Boyd, Jillian L Lykon, Elizabeth M Waldron, Jacqueline Theodorou
The dental setting presents a unique opportunity to assist patients with tobacco cessation. Many dental providers do not feel prepared to provide tobacco cessation, particularly with regard to education on pharmacological treatments. An interprofessional practice experience with dental and pharmacy students provides a novel approach to tobacco cessation in the dental setting, but it is not known whether such methods affect patient outcomes. The goal of the study was to examine the impact of a novel dental and pharmacy student tobacco cessation education programme on patient knowledge gained, barriers to utilising cessation medications, quit intentions, and quit behaviours as compared to standard care...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Erin L Hickey, Erika K Dumke, Rollin L Ballentine, Brooke L Brown
Negative perceptions or underdeveloped understanding of healthcare team member roles can impact the functionality of the team and stunt innovations in interprofessional practice and education. Therefore, the intent of this study was to explore the perception of pharmacists' role on the healthcare team by future team members: prospective health professional students. The study utilised a survey to examine these perceptions in prospective health professional students (n = 34) nearing the application process to health professional school...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Donald A Sens, Karen L Cisek, Scott H Garrett, Seema Somji, Jane R Dunlevy, Mary Ann Sens, Pat Conway, Van A Doze
This study documents outcomes, including student career choices, of the North Dakota Institutional Development Award Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence program that provides 10-week, summer undergraduate research experiences at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Program evaluation initiated in 2008 and, to date, 335 students have completed the program. Of the 335, 214 students have successfully completed their bachelor's degree, 102 are still undergraduates, and 19 either did not complete a bachelor's degree or were lost to follow-up...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
Mohammad Reza Javadi, Mina Khezrian, Anahita Sadeghi, Seyed Hossein Hajimiri, Kaveh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: Medical students need proper education in drug prescription. The aim of the present study is to introduce a course that improves the students' prescribing skills and also promotes an interprofessional collaboration between medicine and pharmacy schools. METHODS: This study was done in a skill laboratory at the pharmacotherapy department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The course was an 18-h interactive workshop in 3 days under the supervision of clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Peivand Bastani, Ali Amjad Nia, Mohammadreza Shabanpoor, Safoora Mehravar, Sara Kashefian
OBJECTIVE: This study is conducted on Iranian pharmacists, coaches, and athletes regarding sports supplements to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding sports supplements. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015. The study population consisted of all community pharmacists, bodybuilders, and bodybuilding coaches. The questionnaire was applied consisting some demographic questions and 25 questions for assessing KAP (6, 9, and 10, respectively)...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Macey E Wolfe, Karen E Moeller, Barbara Woods
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the pharmacists' role in health-care services has evolved and expanded to include more direct patient care and disease management services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medical students' perceptions on pharmacists, their role in health care, and demographic or experiential factors that influenced the medical students' opinions. METHODS: Medical students, at a Midwest, academic medical center, were solicited to complete a cross-sectional, web-based survey consisting of 3 domains: basic demographics, knowledge of the pharmacy profession, and opinions of pharmacists...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Anthony E Zimmermann, Michael C Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe types of current training/support received and elicit opinions on the level of importance of specific skills and resources needed to build confidence in conducting research for early-career pharmacy practice faculty. METHODS: A survey instrument regarding available resources, levels of importance of resources, and skills needed to improve research confidence was sent to all new early-career practice faculty members with 3 or less years of experience in academia at 129 US colleges and schools of pharmacy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Rebecca S Y Wong, Heng Loke Siow, Vinoth Kumarasamy, Nazrila Shaherah Fadhlullah Suhaimi
INTRODUCTION: The learner-centred approach in medical and health sciences education makes the study of learning preferences relevant and important. This study aimed to investigate the interdisciplinary, inter-institutional, gender and racial differences in the preferred learning styles among Malaysian medical and health sciences students in three Malaysian universities, namely SEGi University (SEGi), University of Malaya (UM) and Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR). It also investigated the differences in the preferred learning styles of these students between high achievers and non-high achievers...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Adam N Pate, Nalin Payakachat, T Kristopher Harrell, Kristen A Pate, David J Caldwell, Amy M Franks
Objective. To describe grittiness of students from three pharmacy schools and determine if grit is associated with academic performance measures. Methods. Pharmacy students completed an electronic questionnaire that included the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S). Associations were determined using logistic regression. Results. Grit-S total score was a significant and independent predictor for participants who reported a GPA ≥3.5, and Consistency of Interest (COI) and Perseverance of Effort (POE) domain scores were significantly higher compared to participants with a GPA of 3...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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