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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930035/calgary-edmonton-and-the-university-of-alberta-the-extraordinary-medical-mobilization-by-canada-s-newest-province
#1
Mark P Da Cambra, Vivian C McAlister
The Canadian contribution of medical services to the British Empire during the First World War was a national endeavour. Physicians from across the country enlisted in local regiments to join. No other region provided more physicians per capita than the newly formed province of Alberta. Largely organized through the Medical School of the University of Alberta, the No. 11 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Edmonton and the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Calgary ultimately enlisted between one-third and half of the province's doctors to the war campaign...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919911/comprehensibility-of-selected-usp-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-i
#2
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahamdi
BACKGROUND: Good understanding of medication instructions is paramount to a good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the understandability of the selected three most applicable pictograms by participants and their recall after educational mini sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, nine experienced pharmacists selected the three most potentially applicable pictograms. Pictograms A to C were determined, respectively, "A-take medication with food," "B-medication may cause drowsiness," and "C-take medication before sleep...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900457/comprehensibility-of-selected-united-states-pharmacopeia-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-ii
#3
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Conveying information to patients on how to use medications at the dispensing sessions and retention of this information by the patients is essential to the good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the comprehensibility of the selected three potentially usable pictograms by five groups of subjects who had different levels of literacy in both before and after mini educational sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine experienced pharmacists selected three potentially usable pictograms in Isfahan pharmacies: Pictograms D through F representing respectively: "do not take medication during pregnancy," "keep medication in the refrigerator," and "take medication with plenty of water...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899607/the-scholarly-productivity-and-work-environments-of-academic-pharmacists
#4
Shane P Desselle, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, G Leela Raja
BACKGROUND: Productive faculty are key to generating new knowledge and advancing pharmacy practice. The work environments of academic pharmacists are critical to their vitality, commitment, and longevity. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify correlates of faculty scholarly productivity and teaching effectiveness, considering personal and environmental characteristics; (2) determine the relationship between a faculty's perception of organizational citizenship behaviors they witness with the organizational culture of their employing college/school of pharmacy; and (3) describe the relationship between organizational climate, job satisfaction, and commitment of academic pharmacists...
September 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890020/the-national-cost-of-asthma-among-school-aged-children-in-the-united%C3%A2-states
#5
Patrick W Sullivan, Vahram Ghushchyan, Prakash Navaratnam, Howard S Friedman, Abhishek Kavati, Benjamin Ortiz, Bob Lanier
BACKGROUND: Recent research has quantified the national health care resource use (HCRU) and health care expenditure (HCE) burden associated with adult asthma; however, estimates specific to school-aged children are more than 2 decades old. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the national HCRU and HCEs attributable to asthma among school-aged children in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective analysis of school-aged children (aged 6-17 years) in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845336/elimination-of-cancer-health-disparities-through-the-acceleration-of-hpv-vaccines-and-vaccinations-a-simplified-version-of-the-president-s-cancer-panel-report-on-hpv-vaccinations
#6
Eva McGhee, Hill Harper, Adaku Ume, Melanie Baker, Cheick Diarra, John Uyanne, Sebhat Afework, Keosha Partlow, Lucy Tran, Judith Okoro, Anh Doan, Karen Tate, Mechelle Rouse, Meidrah Tyler, Kamilah Evans, Tonya Sanchez, Ishmum Hasan, Enijah Smith-Joe, Jasmine Maniti, Liliana Zarate, Camille King, Antoinette Alugbue, Chiamaka Opara, Bileko Wissa, Joanne Maniti, Roland Pattillo
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major public health concern affecting both females and males. HPV is associated with cervical, anal, head and neck cancers. About 99% of all cervical cancers are related to HPV. HPV vaccines, Gardasil, Cervarix, and Gardasil 9 are used in the primary prevention of HPV related cancers. Gardasil and Gardasil 9 are available for use in both females and males ages 9 to 26, while Cervarix is available for females ages 9 to 25. Gardasil 9 was approved by the FDA for prevention against additional HPV types...
June 2017: Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#7
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811151/proposed-model-for-translational-research-at-a-teaching-intensive-college-of-pharmacy
#8
Erin Ulrich, Sarah Grady, Jacqueline Vonderhaar, Andrew Ruplin
BACKGROUND: Many American colleges of pharmacy are small, private, teaching institutions. Faculty are required to maintain a research agenda, although the publication quota is less compared with their publicly funded college of pharmacy peers. Faculty at these smaller schools conduct research with very little internal or external funding. This tends to lead to smaller, less impactful research findings. Translational research is becoming popular for research faculty as it bridges theory to practice...
August 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804147/ismp-adverse-drug-reactions-levofloxacin-induced-neuroexcitation-and-hallucinations-statin-induced-muscle-rupture-mefloquine-induced-rhabdomyolysis-methimazole-induced-cholestatic-hepatitis-decitabine-induced-hand-and-foot-syndrome
#9
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: mmancano@temple.edu). Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
May 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799951/surface-engineered-blood-adsorption-device-for-hyperphosphatemia-treatment
#10
Quan Shi, Michael Jolly, Marian G Mccord, Melanie S Joy
Correspondence: Melanie S. Joy, PharmD, PhD, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mail Stop C238, Room V20-4108, 12850 East Montview Blvd, Aurora, CO 80045. Email: Melanie.Joy@ucdenver.eduThe research employed surface engineering methods to develop, optimize, and characterize a novel textile-based hemoadsorption device for hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis-dependent end-stage kidney disease. Phosphate adsorbent fabrics (PAFs) were prepared by thermopressing alumina powders to polyester filtration fabrics and treatment with trimesic acid (TMA)...
August 8, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793918/key-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-barriers-and-solutions-to-pharmacy-practice-towards-complementary-medicines-an-australian-experience
#11
Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Joanna Harnett, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacists are entrusted to play a role in ensuring the safe and appropriate use of all medicines, in general, the inclusion of complementary medicines (CMs) into their professional practice has not been observed. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and opinions of pharmacists and 8 key stakeholder leaders regarding the barriers that hinder pharmacists from providing care related to the use of CMs by patients/consumers and to identify solutions that would support pharmacists' in extending their role in this area...
August 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790490/expanding-the-health-care-pipeline-through-innovation-the-mcw-model
#12
John R Raymond, Cheryl A Maurana, Joseph E Kerschner
In 2016, the Association of American Medical Colleges projected a physician shortage in the United States of approximately 90,000; in the same year, the Wisconsin Hospital Association projected a shortage of 2,000 physicians in Wisconsin. The Medical College of Wisconsin has begun to address these shortages in three ways: 1) creation of immersive regional medical school campuses in Green Bay and Central Wisconsin, in partnership with rural serving health systems; 2) creation of rural-based psychiatry and family medicine residency programs in Green Bay and central Wisconsin; and 3) expansion of the scope of practice of pharmacists through creation of a new School of Pharmacy in collaboration with the Medical College of Wisconsin School of Medicine...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770878/who-teaches-science-to-nurses
#13
Naghma Rizvi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the demographics of individuals teaching basic science courses in private nursing schools. METHODS: The study was conducted in Karachi, and comprised teachers teaching basic science courses in 16 registered private nursing schools. A demographic questionnaire was used to collect data. The study was conducted in the year 2013. RESULTS: Teachers holding academic/professional degrees in different science disciplines were involved in teaching science to nurses...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768945/background-on-establishing-a-working-group-to-create-home-clinical-cases-for-education
#14
Taketo Yoshitake
 In Japan there are concerns that there will be a surge in social insurance costs such as medical and nursing care expenses as a result of the baby boom generation reaching the late stages of old age (75 years old and beyond) around 2025 ("The 2025 Problem"). In 2012, the "Outline on Social Insurance and Tax Reform" was approved by the Japanese cabinet and government, including "construction of regional comprehensive care". To promote participation in home medical care by pharmacists, this article presents the roles demanded of pharmacists in regional comprehensive care from the standpoint of physicians, and the discussion of case studies bridging the gap from knowledge learned in lectures to practical applications...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720918/perceived-motivating-factors-and-barriers-for-the-completion-of-postgraduate-training-among-american-pharmacy-students-prior-to-beginning-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#15
Drayton A Hammond, Douglas R Oyler, John W Devlin, Jacob T Painter, Scott Bolesta, Joseph M Swanson, Brett J Bailey, Trisha Branan, Jeffrey F Barletta, Brianne Dunn, Jason S Haney, Paul Juang, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Tyree H Kiser, Hira Shafeeq, Debra Skaar, Pamela Smithburger, Jodi Taylor
Objective. To examine perceived motivating factors and barriers (MFB) to postgraduate training (PGT) pursuit among pharmacy students. Methods. Third-year pharmacy students at 13 schools of pharmacy provided demographics and their plan and perceived MFBs for pursuing PGT. Responses were characterized using descriptive statistics. Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-proportions rank tests determined if differences in perceived MFBs existed between students based on plan to pursue PGT. Results. Among 1218 (69.5%) respondents, 37...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720917/exploring-electronic-communication-modes-between-iraqi-faculty-and-students-of-pharmacy-schools-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#16
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, Mohammed D Al-Rekabi, Oday S Alsawad, Omer Q B Allela, Ryan Carnahan, Hiwa Saaed, Alaadin Naqishbandi, Dheyaa J Kadhim, Bernard Sorofman
Objective. To explore for the first time the extent to which Iraqi pharmacy students and faculty use Facebook and university email for academic communications, and to examine factors influencing utilization within the framework of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Methods. An electronic survey was administered to convenience samples of students and faculty of six Iraqi public schools and colleges of pharmacy in 2015. Results. Responses included 489 student and 128 faculty usable surveys. Both students and faculty use Facebook more than university email for academic communications...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720914/examining-the-association-between-the-naplex-pre-naplex-and-pre-and-post-admission-factors
#17
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Christina A Spivey, Debbie C Byrd, Sharon L K McDonough, Stephanie J Phelps
Objective. To examine the relationship between the NAPLEX and Pre-NAPLEX among pharmacy graduates, as well as determine effects of pre-pharmacy, pharmacy school, and demographic variables on NAPLEX performance. Methods. A retrospective review of pharmacy graduates' NAPLEX scores, Pre-NAPLEX scores, demographics, pre-pharmacy academic performance factors, and pharmacy school academic performance factors was performed. Bivariate (eg, ANOVA, independent samples t-test) and correlational analyses were conducted, as was stepwise linear regression to examine the significance of Pre-NAPLEX score and other factors as related to NAPLEX score...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720910/understanding-business-models-in-pharmacy-schools
#18
David A Holdford
The objectives of this article are to define business models, contrast the business models in pharmacy schools, and discuss issues that can arise from misunderstandings about whom pharmacy schools serve and how they do so.
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697734/factors-associated-with-medication-amounts-considered-excessive-among-university-students-a-questionnaire-survey-of-pharmacy-students-and-those-in-non-medical-schools
#19
Megumi Saito, Noriko Ando-Tanabe, Etsuko Arita
BACKGROUND: Better insight and knowledge on factors associated with perception of medication numbers and amounts would contribute greatly to our current understanding of patient psychological response regarding taking medications, and would allow us to improve drug administration support and adherence. This study explored associations between attitudes toward medication dosage in a questionnaire survey that examined demographic characteristics, the number of tablets and types of prescription medications considered excessive by participants, current medication and supplement use, personal experiences with medications, and perceptions surrounding medications...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692926/phototoxic-assessment-of-a-sunscreen-formulation-and-its-excipients-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#20
Bryan Hudson Hossy, Alvaro Augusto da Costa Leitão, Elisabete Pereira Dos Santos, Monique Matsuda, Laura Barros Rezende, Janine Simas Cardoso Rurr, Alicia Viviana Pinto, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva, Marcelo de Pádula, Nádia Campos de Oliveira Miguel
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic preservatives are used to protect cosmetic formulations and improve its shelf-life. However, these substances may exert phototoxic effects when used under sunlight. OBJECTIVE: To assess safety, efficacy and putative phototoxic effects of a sunscreen formulation SPF 30 and its excipients. MATERIALS/METHODS: Irradiation was performed with solar simulated light (SSL) and the sunscreen from the School of Pharmacy/UFRJ/Brazil...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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